Borough of Longport, NJ
Atlantic County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Commissioners of the Borough of Longport 6-17-1987;[1] amended in its entirety 4-17-2013 by Ord. No. 2013-07. Subsequent amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Development procedures — See Ch. 15.
Uniform construction codes — See Ch. 75.
Subdivision and site plan review — See Ch. 150.
Zoning — See Ch. 167.
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also superseded former Ch. 99, Flood Hazard Areas, adopted 2-15-1978, as amended 5-4-1983.

§ 99-1 Statutory authorization.

The Legislature of the State of New Jersey has, in N.J.S.A. 40:48-1 et seq., delegated the responsibility to local governmental units to adopt regulations designed to promote public health, safety, and general welfare of its citizenry. Therefore, the Board of Commissioners of the Borough of Longport, Atlantic County, New Jersey, does ordain as follows.

§ 99-2 Findings of fact.

A. 
The flood hazard areas of the Borough of Longport are subject to periodic inundation which results in loss of life and property, health and safety hazards, disruption of commerce and governmental services, extraordinary public expenditures for flood protection and relief, and impairment of the tax base, all of which adversely affect the public health, safety, and general welfare.
B. 
These flood losses are caused by the cumulative effect of obstructions in floodplains which increase flood heights and velocities, and when inadequately anchored, cause damage in other areas. Uses that are inadequately floodproofed, elevated or otherwise protected from flood damage also contribute to the flood loss.

§ 99-3 Statement of purpose.

It is the purpose of this chapter to promote the public health, safety, and general welfare, and to minimize public and private losses due to flood conditions in specific areas by provisions designed to:
A. 
Protect human life and health;
B. 
Minimize expenditure of public money for costly flood control projects;
C. 
Minimize the need for rescue and relief efforts associated with flooding and generally undertaken at the expense of the general public;
D. 
Minimize prolonged business interruptions;
E. 
Minimize damage to public facilities and utilities such as water and gas mains, electric, telephone and sewer lines, streets, and bridges located in areas of special flood hazard;
F. 
Help maintain a stable tax base by providing for the second use and development of areas of special flood hazard so as to minimize future flood blight areas;
G. 
Ensure that potential buyers are notified that property is in an area of special flood hazard; and
H. 
Ensure that those who occupy the areas of special flood hazard assume responsibility for their actions.

§ 99-4 Methods of reducing flood losses.

In order to accomplish its purposes, this chapter includes methods and provisions for:
A. 
Restricting or prohibiting uses which are dangerous to health, safety, and property due to water or erosion hazards, or which result in damaging increases in erosion or in flood heights or velocities;
B. 
Requiring that uses vulnerable to floods, including facilities which serve such uses, be protected against flood damage throughout their intended life span;
C. 
Controlling the alteration of natural floodplains, stream channels, and natural protective barriers, which help accommodate or channel floodwaters;
D. 
Controlling filling, grading, dredging, and other development which may increase flood damage; and
E. 
Preventing or regulating the construction of flood barriers which will unnaturally divert floodwaters or which may increase flood hazards in other areas.

§ 99-5 Definitions.

Unless specifically defined below, words or phrases used in this chapter shall be interpreted so as to give them the meanings they have in common usage and to give this chapter its most reasonable application.
ADVISORY BASE FLOOD ELEVATION (ABFE)
The elevation shown on a community's Advisory Flood Hazard Map that indicates the advisory still water elevation plus wave effect (ABFE = SWEL + wave effect) resulting from a flood that has a one-percent or greater chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year.
ADVISORY FLOOD HAZARD AREA (AFH)
The land in the floodplain within a community subject to flooding from the one-percent annual chance event depicted on the Advisory Flood Hazard Map.
ADVISORY FLOOD HAZARD AREA (AFHA)
The land in the floodplain within a community subject to flooding from the one-percent annual chance event depicted on the Advisory Flood Hazard Map.
ADVISORY FLOOD HAZARD MAP
The official map on which the Federal Emergency Management Administration has delineated the areas of advisory flood hazard applicable to the community.
AGENCY
The Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.
APPEAL
A request for a review of the Zoning Official/Floodplain Manager's interpretation of any provision of this chapter or a request for a variance.
APPURTENANT STRUCTURE or ACCESSORY STRUCTURE
A structure that is located on the same parcel of property as the principle structure and the use of which is incidental to the use of the principle structure.
AREA OF SHALLOW FLOODING
A designated AO, AH, or VO Zone on a community's Digital Flood Insurance Rate Map (DFIRM) with a one-percent annual or greater chance of flooding to an average depth of one to three feet where a clearly defined channel does not exist, where the path of flooding is unpredictable and where velocity flow may be evident. Such flooding is characterized by ponding or sheet flow.
AREA OF SPECIAL FLOOD HAZARD
The land in the floodplain within a community subject to a one-percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year.
BASE FLOOD
The flood having a one-percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year.
BASEMENT
Any area of the building having its floor subgrade (below ground level) on all sides.
BREAKAWAY WALL
A wall that is not part of the structural support of the building and is intended, through its design and construction, to collapse under specific lateral loading forces without causing damage to the elevated portion of the building or supporting foundation system.
BUILDING
See "structure."
BUILDING HEIGHT
The vertical height of a structure or building measured from the minimum first floor elevation of the structure or building to the highest point of the coping of a flat roof, or the highest gable of a pitched roof. The overall height as measured from the first floor to the ridge cannot exceed 31.5 feet. The first floor elevation for all new construction, substantial improvements and substantial additions shall be based on one foot (freeboard) above the new ABFE.
CERTIFICATION
A certification by a registered professional engineer or other party; does not constitute a warranty or guarantee of performance, expressed or implied. Certification of data is a statement that the data is accurate to the best of the certifier's knowledge. Certification of analysis is a statement that the analysis has been performed correctly and in accordance with sound engineering practices. Certification of structural works is a statement that the works are designed in accordance with sound engineering practices to provide protection from the base flood. Certification of as-built conditions is a statement that the structure(s) has been built according to the plans being certified, is in place, and is fully functioning.
COASTAL HIGH-HAZARD AREA
An area of special flood hazard extending from offshore to the inland limit of a primary frontal dune along an open coast and any other area subject to high-velocity wave action from storms or seismic sources. The area designated on a Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) as Zone V1-V30.
COMMUNITY RATING SYSTEM
The National Flood Insurance Program's (NFIP) Community Rating System (CRS) which is a voluntary incentive program that recognizes and encourages community floodplain management activities that exceed the minimum NFIP requirements.
CRITICAL FACILITY
A facility for which even a slight chance of flooding might be too great. Critical facilities include, but are not limited to, schools, nursing homes, hospitals, police, fire and emergency response installations, installations which produce, use or store hazardous materials or hazardous waste.
DEVELOPMENT
Any man-made change to improved or unimproved real estate, including but not limited to buildings or other structures, mining, dredging, filling, grading, paving, excavation or drilling operations, or storage of equipment or materials located within the area of special flood hazard.
DIGITAL FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP (DFIRM)
The official map on which the Federal Insurance Administration has delineated both the areas of special flood hazard and the risk premium zones applicable to the community.
ELEVATED BUILDING
A nonbasement building built, in the case of a building in an area of special flood hazard, to have the top of the elevated floor or, in the case of a building in a coastal high-hazard area, to have the bottom of the lowest horizontal structural member of the elevated floor elevated above the ground level by means of piling, columns (posts and piers), or shear walls parallel to the flow of the water, and adequately anchored so as not to impair the structural integrity of the building during a flood up to the magnitude of the base flood. In an area of special flood hazard, "elevated building" also includes a building elevated by means of fill or solid foundation perimeter walls with openings sufficient to facilitate the unimpeded movement of floodwaters. In areas of coastal high hazard, "elevated buildings" also includes a building otherwise meeting the definition of "elevated building," even though the lower area is enclosed by means of breakaway walls.
ENCLOSURE
A nonhabitable, unfinished or flood-resistant space below the base flood elevation (BFE), usable solely for parking of vehicles, storage and building access to the first floor. Such space shall not be partitioned into multiple rooms, temperature controlled, or used for human habitation. The storage permitted in an enclosure shall be limited to that which is incidental and accessory to the principal use of the structure. Storage should be limited to items such as lawn and garden equipment, beach chairs, and bicycles which either have a low damage potential or that can be easily moved to the elevated portion of the building if there is a flood.
EROSION
The process of the gradual wearing away of land masses.
EXISTING CONSTRUCTION
For the purposes of determining insurance rates, structures for which the start of construction commenced before the effective date of the FIRM or before January 1, 1975.
FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP (FIRM)
The official map on which the Federal Insurance Administration has delineated both the areas of special flood hazard and the risk premium zones applicable to the community.
FLOOD INSURANCE STUDY (FIS)
The official report in which the Federal Insurance Administration has provided flood profiles, as well as the Flood Insurance Rate Map(s) and the water surface elevation of the base flood.
FLOOD or FLOODING
A general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of normally dry land areas from:
A. 
The overflow of inland or tidal waters; and/or
B. 
The unusual and rapid accumulation or runoff of surface waters from any source.
FLOODPLAIN
Any land area susceptible to being inundated by water from any source.
FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT
The operation of an overall program of corrective and preventative measures for reducing flood damage, including but not limited to emergency preparedness plans, requirements for zoning, subdivision or building, and special purpose floodplain management regulations.
FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS
Zoning ordinances, subdivision regulations, building codes, health regulations, special purpose ordinances (such as a floodplain ordinance, grading ordinance and erosion control ordinance) and other applications of police power. The term describes such federal, state or local regulations, in any combination thereof, which provide standards for the purpose of flood damage prevention and reduction.
FLOODPROOFING
Any combination of structural and nonstructural additions, changes, or adjustments to structures which reduce or eliminate flood damage to real estate or improved real property, water and sanitary facilities, structures and their contents.
FLOODWAY
The channel of a river or other watercourse and the adjacent land areas that must be reserved in order to discharge the base flood without cumulatively increasing the water surface elevation more than 0.2 foot.
FREEBOARD
A factor of safety usually expressed in feet above a flood level for purposes of floodplain management. Freeboard tends to compensate for the many unknown factors that could contribute to flood heights greater than the height calculated for a selected size flood and floodway conditions, such as wave action, bridge openings, and the hydrological effect of urbanization of the watershed.
HIGHER REGULATORY STANDARD
Any floodplain management regulations adopted by the state or local community which are more restrictive than the criteria set forth in the NFIP regulations.
HIGHEST ADJACENT GRADE
The highest natural elevation of the ground surface prior to construction next to the proposed walls of a structure.
HISTORIC STRUCTURE
Any structure that is:
A. 
Listed individually in the National Register of Historic Places (a listing maintained by the Department of the Interior) or preliminarily determined by the Secretary of the Interior as meeting the requirements for individual listing on the National Register;
B. 
Certified or preliminarily determined by the Secretary of the Interior as contributing to the historical significance of a registered historic district or a district preliminarily determined by the Secretary to qualify as a registered historic district;
C. 
Individually listed on a state inventory of historic places in states with historic preservation programs which have been approved by the Secretary of the Interior; or
D. 
Individually listed on a local inventory of historic places in communities with historic preservation programs that have been certified either:
(1) 
By an approved state program as determined by the Secretary of the Interior; or
(2) 
Directly by the Secretary of the Interior in states without approved programs.
INCREASE COST OF COMPLIANCE (ICC)
The coverage by a standard flood insurance policy under the NFIP that provides for the payment of a claim for the cost to comply with the State of New Jersey and the Borough of Longport floodplain management laws or ordinances after a direct physical loss by flood, the Borough of Longport declares the structure to be substantially or repetitively flood damaged. ICC coverage is provided for in every standard NFIP flood policy, and will help pay for the cost to floodproof, relocate, elevate, or demolish the structure.
LATERAL ADDITION
Improvements that increase the square footage of a structure. Commonly, this includes the structural attachment of a bedroom, den, recreational room, enclosed porch or other type of addition to an existing structure. If the addition is a substantial improvement, then the existing home and addition needs to be elevated to the higher regulatory standard pursuant to the advisory base flood elevations (ABFEs). If the addition is being constructed in conjunction with improvements to the existing structure and the sum of the renovations are equal to a substantial improvement, then the addition and existing home need to be elevated to the advisory base flood elevations (ABFEs). If the common wall is demolished as part of the project, then the entire structure must be elevated. If only a doorway is knocked through it and only minimal finishing is done, then only the addition has to be elevated.
LOWEST FLOOR
The lowest floor of the lowest enclosed area (including basement). An unfinished or flood-resistant enclosure, useable solely for the parking of vehicles, building access or storage, in an area other than a basement is not considered a building's lowest floor, provided that such enclosure is not built so to render the structure in violation of other applicable nonelevation design requirements.
MANUFACTURED HOME
A structure, transportable in one or more sections, which is built on a permanent chassis and is designed for use with or without a permanent foundation when attached to the required utilities. The term "manufactured home" does not include a "recreational vehicle."
MANUFACTURED HOME PARK or MANUFACTURED HOME SUBDIVISION
A parcel (or contiguous parcels) of land divided into two or more manufactured home lots for rent or sale.
MAP
The Flood Hazard Boundary Map (FHBM) of the Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) for a community issued by the Agency.
MARKET VALUE
Pertains to the structure in question, not the land, landscaping or detached accessory structures on the property. The market value of a structure reflects its original quality, subsequent improvements, physical age of the building components and current condition.
MEAN SEA LEVEL
For the purpose of the NFIP, the North America Vertical Datum (NAVD), 1988, to which base flood elevations shown on a community's Flood Insurance Rate Map are referenced in regards to the average height of the sea for all stages of the tide.
NEW CONSTRUCTION
Structures for which the start of construction commenced on or after the effective date of a floodplain regulation adopted by a community and includes any subsequent improvements to such structures.
NEW MANUFACTURED HOME PARK OR SUBDIVISION
A manufactured home park or subdivision for which the construction of facilities for servicing the lots on which the manufactured homes are to be affixed (including, at a minimum, the installation of utilities, the construction of streets, and either final site grading or the pouring of concrete pads) is completed on or after the effective date of the floodplain management regulations adopted by the municipality.
PARTICIPATING COMMUNITY
Also known as an "eligible community," means a community in which FEMA has authorized the sale of flood insurance.
PRIMARY FRONTAL DUNE
A continuous or nearly continuous mound or ridge of sand with relatively steep seaward and landward slopes immediately landward and adjacent to the beach and subject to erosion and overtopping from high tides and waves from coastal storms. The inland limit of the primary frontal dune occurs at the point where there is a distinct change from the relatively steep slope to a relatively mild slope.
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE
A vehicle which is:
A. 
Built on a single chassis;
B. 
Four hundred square feet or less when measured at the longest horizontal projections;
C. 
Designed to be self-propelled or permanently towable by a light-duty truck; and
D. 
Designed primarily not for use as a permanent dwelling but as temporary living quarters for recreational, camping, travel, or seasonal use.
A. 
Four or more paid flood looses of more than $1,000 each; or
B. 
Two paid flood looses within a ten-year period that, in the aggregate, equal or exceed the current value of the insured property; or
C. 
Three or more paid looses that, in the aggregate, equal or exceed the current value of the insured property.
SAND DUNES
Naturally occurring accumulations of sand in ridges or mounds landward of the beach.
A. 
Any residential property that is covered under a NFIP flood insurance policy and:
(1) 
That has at least four NFIP claim payments (building payments and contents) over $5,000 each, and the cumulative amount of such claims payments exceeds $20,000; or
(2) 
For which at least two separate payments (building payments only) have been made with the cumulative amount of the building portion of such claims exceeding the market value of the building.
B. 
For both Subsection A(1) and (2) above, at least two of the referenced claims have occurred within any ten-year period, and must be greater than 10 days apart.
START OF CONSTRUCTION
For other than new construction or substantial improvements under the Coastal Barrier Resources Act (P.L. No. 97-348),[1] includes substantial improvements and means the date the building permit was issued, provided the actual start of construction, repair, reconstruction, rehabilitation, addition, placement, or other improvement was within 180 days of the permit date. The "actual start" means either the first placement of permanent construction of a structure on a site such as the pouring of a slab or footings, the installation of piles, the construction of columns, or any work beyond the stage of excavation, or the placement of a manufactured home on a foundation. Permanent construction does not include land preparation, such as clearing, grading and filling, nor does it include the installation of streets and/or walkways, nor does it include excavation for a basement, footings or piers, or foundations or the erection of temporary forms, nor does it include the installation on the property of accessory buildings, such as garages or sheds not occupied as dwelling units or not part of the main structure. For a substantial improvement, the "actual start of construction" means the first alteration of any wall, ceiling, floor, or other structural part of a building, whether or not that alteration affects the external dimensions of the building.
STRUCTURE
A walled and roofed building, a manufactured home, or a gas or liquid storage tank that is principally aboveground.
SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE
Damage of any origin sustained by a structure whereby the cost of restoring the structure to its before-damaged condition would equal or exceed 40% of the market value of the structure before the damage occurred. "Substantial damage" also means flood-related damages sustained by a structure on two separate occasions during a ten-year period for which the cost of repairs at the time of each such flood event, on the average, equals or exceeds 25% of the market value of the structure before the damages occurred.
SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT
Any reconstruction, rehabilitation, addition, or other improvement of a structure during a seven-year period, the cost of which exceeds 40% of the market value of the structure before the start of construction of the improvement. This term includes structures which have incurred substantial damage, regardless of the actual repair work performed, or repetitive loss. The term does not, however, include either:
A. 
Any project for improvement of a structure to correct existing violations of state or local health, sanitary or safety code specifications which have been identified by the local code enforcement officer and which are the minimum necessary to assure safe living conditions; or
B. 
Any alteration of a historic structure, provided that the alteration will not preclude the structure's continued designation as a historic structure.
VARIANCE
A grant of relief from the requirements of this chapter that permits construction in a manner that would otherwise be prohibited by this chapter.
VIOLATION
The failure of a structure or other development to be fully compliant with this chapter. A structure or other development without the elevation certificate, other certifications, or other evidence of compliance required in this chapter is presumed to be in violation until such time as that documentation is provided.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 16 U.S.C. § 3501 et seq.

§ 99-6 Lands to which this chapter applies.

This chapter shall apply to all areas of special flood hazard within the jurisdiction of the Borough of Longport, Atlantic County, New Jersey.

§ 99-7 Basis for establishing areas of special flood hazard.

A. 
The areas of special flood hazard for the Borough of Longport, Community No. 345302, are identified and defined on the following documents prepared by the Federal Emergency Management Agency:
(1) 
A scientific and engineering report, "Flood Insurance Study, Borough of Longport, New Jersey, Atlantic County," dated February 15, 1983.
(2) 
Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) for the Borough of Longport, New Jersey, Atlantic County, as shown on Index No. 345302 and Panel 0001B, whose effective date is August 15, 1983.
(3) 
Advisory Base Flood Elevations and Advisory Flood Hazard Maps Ocean City NE and Ocean City SE, dated (ABFE December 14, 2012). These documents shall take precedence over previous panels and FIS in construction and development regulations only. Where the special flood hazard area (SFHA) and the advisory flood hazard area (AFHA) maps conflict or overlap, whichever imposes the more stringent requirement shall prevail.
(4) 
"Working maps" and preliminary regulatory maps released by FEMA subsequent to the adoption of this chapter, representing the best available data for determining the flood boundary zone and base flood elevation within the Borough of Longport.
B. 
The above documents are hereby adopted and declared to be a part of this chapter. The Flood Insurance Study and maps are on file at 2305 Atlantic Avenue, Building Department, Second Floor, Longport, NJ 08403.

§ 99-8 Penalties for noncompliance.

No structure or land shall hereafter be constructed, located, extended, converted, or altered without full compliance with the terms of this chapter and other applicable regulations. Violation of the provisions of this chapter by failure to comply with any of its requirements (including violations of conditions and safeguards established in connection with conditions) shall constitute a misdemeanor. Any person who violates this chapter or fails to comply with any of its requirements shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned for not more than 30 days, or both, for each violation, and in addition shall pay all costs and expenses involved in the case. Each and every day any violation continues shall be considered a separate offense, punishable by a like fine and/or jail sentence. Nothing herein contained shall prevent the Borough of Longport from taking such other lawful action as is necessary to prevent or remedy any violation.

§ 99-9 Abrogation and greater restrictions.

This chapter is not intended to repeal, abrogate, or impair any existing easements, covenants, or deed restrictions. However, where this chapter and other ordinances, easements, covenants, or deed restrictions conflict or overlap, whichever imposes the more stringent restrictions shall prevail.

§ 99-10 Interpretation.

In the interpretation and application of this chapter, all provisions shall be:
A. 
Considered as minimum requirements;
B. 
Liberally construed in favor of the governing body; and
C. 
Deemed neither to limit nor repeal any other powers granted under state statutes.

§ 99-11 Warning and disclaimer of liability.

A. 
The degree of flood protection required by this chapter is considered reasonable for regulatory purposes and is based on scientific and engineering considerations. Larger floods can and will occur on rare occasions. Flood heights may be increased by man-made or natural causes. This chapter does not imply that land outside the area of special flood hazards or uses permitted within such areas will be free from flooding or flood damages.
B. 
This chapter shall not create liability on the part of the Borough of Longport, or by any officer or employee thereof or the Federal Insurance Administration, for any flood damages that result from reliance on this chapter or any administrative decision lawfully made thereunder.

§ 99-12 Establishment of development permit; information required.

A development permit shall be submitted, prior to undertaking any development activities, to the Floodplain Management Administrator on forms furnished by him or her, and must include, but not be limited to, the following plans, in duplicate, drawn to scale showing the nature, location, dimensions, and elevations of the area under consideration for development; existing structure(s) and other features; proposed structure(s), earthen fill, storage of materials or equipment, drainage facilities, perimeter setbacks, environmental features such as base floodplain areas, wetlands, and other protected areas; the location of the foregoing. Specifically, the following information, certified by a professional who is authorized to certify such information in the State of New Jersey, is required:
A. 
Application stage:
(1) 
Elevation, in relation to mean sea level, of the lowest floor (including basement) of all structures.
(2) 
Elevation, in relation to mean sea level, to which any structure has been floodproofed.
(3) 
Certification by a registered professional engineer or architect that the floodproofing methods for any nonresidential structure meet the floodproofing criteria.
(4) 
Existing and proposed infrastructure.
(5) 
Description of the extent to which any watercourse will be altered or relocated as a result of proposed development.
(6) 
Building plans for any walls to be used to enclose space below the base flood elevation.
B. 
Construction stage. Upon the placement of the top of block, the lowest floor or floodproofing by whatever construction means, it shall be the duty of the permit holder to submit to the Floodplain Administrator a certification of the elevation of the lowest floor or floodproofed elevation, as built, in relation to mean sea level. Said certification shall be prepared by or under the direct supervision of a registered land surveyor or professional engineer who is authorized to certify such information in the State of New Jersey, and certified by same. Any work undertaken prior to submission of the certification shall be at the permit holder's risk.
C. 
The Floodplain Administrator shall review the lowest floor elevation and floodproofing certificate. Should these documents be found not in conformance with the requirements of this chapter, the permit holder shall immediately cease further work, and shall correct any deficiencies. Failure of the permit holder to submit the surveyed lowest floor elevation and floodproofing certificate, and failure to correct said deficiencies required hereby, shall be the cause to issue a stop-work order for the project.

§ 99-13 Designation of Flood Damage Prevention Ordinance Administrator.

The governing body of the Borough of Longport hereby appoints the Zoning Official/Floodplain Administrator to administer and implement the provisions of this chapter, by granting or denying development permit applications in accordance with its provisions and is hereby referred to as the Floodplain Management Administrator, or the Floodplain Administrator.

§ 99-14 Duties and responsibilities of Administrator.

Duties of the Zoning Official/Floodplain Administrator shall include, but not be limited to:
A. 
Permit review.
(1) 
Review all development permits to determine that the permit requirements of this chapter have been satisfied.
(2) 
Review all development permits to determine that all necessary permits have been obtained from those federal, state or local governmental agencies from which prior approval is required.
(3) 
Review certified plans and specifications for compliance with the requirements of this chapter.
(4) 
Review all development permits in the areas of special flood hazard except in the coastal high-hazard area to determine if the proposed development adversely affects the flood-carrying capacity of the areas of special flood hazard. For the purpose of this chapter, "adversely affects" means that the cumulative effect of the proposed development, when combined with all other existing and anticipated development, will increase the water surface of the base flood more than 0.2 foot at any point.
(5) 
Review all development permits in the coastal high-hazard area of the area of special flood hazard to determine if the proposed development alters sand dunes so as to increase potential flood damage.
(6) 
Review plans for walls to be used to enclose space below the base flood elevation in accordance with § 99-18B(4).
(7) 
Coordinate with Planning, Zoning, and Public Works, and other departments in the community, to assure that the requirements of this chapter are fully met.
(8) 
Participate actively in evaluating the variance requests and provide input and recommendations in variance hearings/proceedings.
B. 
Use of other base flood and floodway data. When base flood elevation and floodway data has not been provided in accordance with § 99-7, Basis for establishing areas of special flood hazard, the Zoning Official/Floodplain Administrator shall obtain, review, and reasonably utilize any base flood elevation and floodway data available from a federal, state or other source, in order to administer § 99-17A, Specific standards, Residential construction, and § 99-17B, Specific standards, Nonresidential construction.
C. 
Information to be obtained and maintained.
(1) 
Obtain and record the actual elevation (in relation to mean sea level) of the lowest floor (including basement) of all new or substantially improved structures, and whether or not the structure contains a basement.
(2) 
For all new or substantially improved floodproofed structures:
(a) 
Verify and record the actual elevation (in relation to mean sea level); and
(b) 
Maintain the floodproofing certifications required in § 99-12C.
(3) 
Maintain for public inspection all records pertaining to the provisions of this chapter.
(4) 
In coastal high-hazard areas, obtain certification from a registered professional engineer or architect that the elevation requirements of § 99-18B(1) and anchoring requirements of § 99-18(2)(a) and (b) are met.
(5) 
Maintain for public inspection all records pertaining to the provisions of this chapter.
D. 
Alteration of watercourses.
(1) 
Notify adjacent communities and the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Dam Safety and Flood Control Section, and the Land Use Regulation Program prior to any alteration or relocation of a watercourse, and submit evidence of such notification to the Federal Insurance Administration.
(2) 
Require that maintenance is provided within the altered or relocated portion of said watercourse so the flood-carrying capacity is not diminished.
E. 
Interpretation of FIRM boundaries. Make interpretations, where needed, as to the exact location of the boundaries of the areas of special flood hazard (for example, where there appears to be a conflict between a mapped boundary and actual field conditions). The person contesting the location of the boundary shall be given a reasonable opportunity to appeal the interpretation as provided in this chapter.
F. 
Critical facilities. Construction of new critical facilities shall have the lowest floor elevated at two feet above the base flood elevation. Floodproofing and sealing measures must be taken to ensure that toxic substances will not be displaced by or released into floodwaters. Access routes elevated to or above the level of the base flood elevations shall be provided to all critical facilities to the maximum extent possible.

§ 99-15 Variance procedure.

A. 
Appeal board.
(1) 
The Borough of Longport merged Planning/Zoning Board as established by the Borough of Longport shall hear and decide appeals and requests for variances from the requirements of this chapter.
(2) 
The Borough of Longport merged Planning/Zoning Board as established by the Borough of Longport shall hear and decide appeals when it is alleged there is an error in any requirement, decision, or determination made by the Zoning Official/Floodplain Manager in the enforcement or administration of this chapter.
(3) 
Those aggrieved by the decision of the merged Planning/Zoning Board, or any taxpayer, may appeal such decision to the Superior Court of New Jersey, as provided in N.J.S.A. 40:55D-17h and 40:55D-18.
(4) 
In passing upon such applications, the merged Planning/Zoning Board shall consider all technical evaluations, all relevant factors, standards specified in other sections of this chapter, and:
(a) 
The danger that materials may be swept onto other lands to the injury of others;
(b) 
The danger to life and property due to flooding or erosion damage.
(c) 
The susceptibility of the proposed facility and its contents to flood damage and the effect of such damage on the individual owner.
(d) 
The importance of the services provided by the proposed facility to the community.
(e) 
The necessity to the facility of a waterfront location, where applicable.
(f) 
The availability of alternative locations for the proposed use which are not subject to flooding or erosion damage.
(g) 
The compatibility of the proposed use with existing and anticipated development.
(h) 
The relationship of the proposed use to the comprehensive plan and floodplain management program of that area.
(i) 
The safety of access to the property in times of flood for ordinary and emergency vehicles.
(j) 
The expected heights, velocity, duration, rate of rise, and sediment transport of the floodwaters and the effects of wave action, if applicable, expected at the site.
(k) 
The costs of providing governmental services during and after flood conditions, including maintenance and repair of public utilities and facilities such as sewer, gas, electrical, and water systems, and streets and bridges.
(l) 
The request for a variance is not an after-the-fact request.
(5) 
Upon consideration of the factors of this chapter and the purposes of this chapter, the merged Planning/Zoning Board may attach such conditions to the granting of variances as it deems necessary to further the purposes of this chapter.
(6) 
The Zoning Official/Floodplain Administrator shall maintain the records of all appeal actions, including technical information, and report any variances to the Federal Insurance Administration upon request.
B. 
Conditions for variances.
(1) 
Generally, variances may be issued for new construction and substantial improvements to be erected on a lot of 1/2 acre or less in size contiguous to and surrounded by lots with existing structures below the base flood level, providing items (a) through (l) in § 99-15A(4) have been fully considered. As the lot size increases beyond the 1/2 acre, the technical justification for issuing the variance increases.
(2) 
Variances may only be issued when there is:
(a) 
A showing of good and sufficient cause.
(b) 
A determination that failure to grant the variance would result in exceptional hardship.
(c) 
A determination that the granting of a variance will not result in increased flood heights, additional threats to public expense, create a nuisance, cause fraud on or victimization of the public, or conflict with existing local laws or ordinance.
(3) 
Variances may be issued for the repair or rehabilitation of historic structures upon a determination that the proposed repair or rehabilitation will not preclude the structure's continued designation as a historic structure and the variance is the minimum necessary to preserve the historic character and design of the structure.
(4) 
Variances shall not be issued within any designated floodway if any increase in flood levels during the base flood discharge would result.
(5) 
Variances shall only be issued upon a determination that the variance is the minimum necessary deviation from the requirements of this chapter.
(6) 
Any applicant to whom a variance is granted shall be given written notice that the structure will be permitted to be built with a lowest floor elevation below the base flood elevation and that the cost of flood insurance will be commensurate with the increased risk resulting from the reduced lowest floor elevation.
C. 
Variance notification. Any applicant to whom a variance is granted shall be notified, in writing, by the Floodplain Administrator that:
(1) 
The issuance of a variance to construct a structure below the base flood elevation will result in increased premium rates for flood insurance up to amounts as high as $25 for $100 of insurance coverage.
(2) 
Such construction below the base flood level increases risk to life and property.

§ 99-16 General standards for flood hazard reduction.

In all areas of special flood hazard, compliance with the applicable requirements of the Uniform Construction Code (N.J.A.C. 5:23) and the following standards, whichever is more restrictive, is required:
A. 
Anchoring.
(1) 
All new construction and substantial improvements shall be anchored to prevent flotation, collapse, or lateral movement of the structure.
(2) 
All manufactured homes to be placed or substantially improved shall be anchored to resist flotation, collapse or lateral movement. Methods of anchoring may include, but are not to be limited to, use of over-the-top or frame ties to ground anchors. This requirement is in addition to applicable state and local anchoring requirements for resisting wind forces.
B. 
Construction materials and methods.
(1) 
All new construction and substantial improvements shall be constructed with materials and utility equipment resistant to flood damage.
(2) 
All new construction and substantial improvements shall be constructed using methods and practices that minimize flood damage.
C. 
Utilities.
(1) 
All new and replacement water supply systems shall be designed to minimize or eliminate infiltration of floodwaters into the system;
(2) 
New and replacement sanitary sewage systems shall be designed to minimize or eliminate infiltration of floodwaters into the systems and discharge from the systems into floodwaters;
(3) 
On-site waste disposal systems shall be located to avoid impairment to them or contamination from them during flooding;
(4) 
For all new construction and substantial improvements, the electrical, heating, ventilation, plumbing and air-conditioning equipment and other service facilities shall be designed and/or located so as to prevent water from entering or accumulating within the components during conditions of flooding.
(5) 
All utility connections (electric, telephone, TV cable) between the street right-of-way and building shall be underground for all new building construction and building renovations where the cost of said renovation exceeds 40% of the municipal assessed value of the structure as indicated on the current municipal tax records. The cost value of construction shall be established by the Zoning Official/Floodplain Administrator based on comparable actual construction costs.
D. 
Subdivision proposals.
(1) 
All subdivision proposals and other proposed new development shall be consistent with the need to minimize flood damage;
(2) 
All subdivision proposals and other proposed new development shall have public utilities and facilities such as sewer, gas, electrical, and water systems located and constructed to minimize flood damage;
(3) 
All subdivision proposals and other proposed new development shall have adequate drainage provided to reduce exposure to flood damage; and
(4) 
Base flood elevation data shall be provided for subdivision proposals and other proposed new development which contain at least 50 lots or five acres (whichever is less).
E. 
Enclosure openings. All new construction and substantial improvements having fully enclosed areas below the lowest floor that are nonhabitable, unfinished or flood-resistant space below the base flood elevation (BFE), usable solely for parking of vehicles, building access or storage, in an area other than a basement and which are subject to flooding shall be designed to automatically equalize hydrostatic flood forces on exterior walls by allowing for the entry and exit of floodwaters. Designs for meeting this requirement must either be certified by a registered professional engineer or architect or must meet or exceed the following minimum criteria:
(1) 
A minimum of two openings having a total net area of not less than one square inch for every square foot of enclosed area subject to flooding shall be provided.
(2) 
The bottom of all openings shall be no higher than one foot above grade.
(3) 
Openings may be equipped with screens, louvers, or other covering or devices, provided that they permit the automatic entry and exit of floodwaters.

§ 99-17 Specific standards for flood hazard reduction.

In all areas of special flood hazard where base flood elevation data have been provided as set forth in § 99-7, Basis for establishing areas of special flood hazard or in § 99-14B, Use of other base flood data, the following standards are required:
A. 
Residential construction.
(1) 
New construction and substantial improvement of any residential structure shall have the lowest floor, including basement, together with the attendant utilities and sanitary facilities, elevated at or above the base flood elevation or advisory base flood elevation, whichever is more restrictive, plus one foot of freeboard.
(2) 
Require within any AO Zone on the municipality's FIRM that all new construction and substantial improvement of any residential structure shall have the lowest floor, including basement, elevated above the highest adjacent grade one foot above the depth number specified in feet (at least three feet if no depth number is specified) or at above the advisory base flood elevation, plus one foot, whichever is more restrictive, and require adequate drainage paths around structures on slopes to guide floodwater around and away from proposed structures.
B. 
Nonresidential construction. In a special flood hazard area (SFHA), all new construction and substantial improvement of any commercial, industrial or other nonresidential structure shall either have the lowest floor, including basement, together with the attendant utilities and sanitary facilities:
(1) 
Elevated to or above the base flood elevation or advisory base flood elevation, whichever is more restrictive, plus one foot; and
(2) 
Require within any AO Zone on the municipality's FIRM that all new construction and substantial improvement of any commercial, industrial or other nonresidential structure shall either have the lowest floor, including basement, elevated above the highest adjacent grade one foot above the depth number specified in feet (at least three feet if no depth number specified) or at or above the advisory base flood elevation, plus one foot, whichever is more restrictive, and require adequate drainage paths around structures on slopes to guide floodwaters around and away from proposed structures; or
(3) 
Be floodproofed so that below the base flood level, plus one foot, or advisory base flood elevation, plus one foot (whichever is more restrictive), the structure is watertight with walls substantially impermeable to the passage of water;
(4) 
Have structural components capable of resisting hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and effects of buoyancy; and
(5) 
Be certified by a registered professional engineer or architect that the design and methods of construction are in accordance with accepted standards of practice for meeting the applicable provisions of this subsection. Such certification shall be provided to the official as set forth in § 99-14C(2).
C. 
Manufactured homes.
(1) 
Manufactured homes shall be anchored in accordance with § 99-16A.
(2) 
All manufactured homes to be placed or substantially improved within an area of special flood hazard shall be elevated on a permanent foundation such that the top of the lowest floor is at or above the base flood elevation or advisory base flood elevation, plus one foot (whichever is more restrictive).

§ 99-18 Coastal high-hazard zones.

Coastal high-hazard areas (V or VE Zones) are located within an area of special flood hazard established in § 99-7. These areas have special flood hazards associated with high-velocity waters from tidal surges and hurricane wave wash; therefore, the following provisions shall apply:
A. 
Location of structures.
(1) 
All buildings or structures shall be located landward of the mean high tide.
(2) 
The placement of manufactured homes shall be prohibited.
B. 
Construction methods.
(1) 
Elevation. All new construction and substantial improvements shall be elevated on piling or columns so that:
(a) 
The bottom of the lowest horizontal structural member of the lowest floor, excluding the piling or columns, is elevated to or above the base flood elevation, advisory base flood elevation or as required by the Uniform Construction Code (N.J.A.C. 5:23), whichever is more restrictive; and
(b) 
With all space below the lowest floor's supporting member open so as to not impede the flow of water, except for breakaway walls as provided for in Subsection B(4).
(2) 
Structural support.
(a) 
All new construction and substantial improvements shall be securely anchored on piling or columns.
(b) 
The pile or column foundation and structure attached thereto shall be anchored to resist flotation, collapse or lateral movement due to the effects of wind and water loading values, each of which shall have a one-percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year (one-hundred-year mean recurrence interval).
(c) 
There shall be no fill used for structural support.
(3) 
Certification. A registered professional engineer or architect shall develop or review the structural design specifications and plans for the construction and shall certify that the design and methods of construction to be used are in accordance with accepted standards of practice for compliance with the provisions of Subsection B(1) and (2)(a) and (b).
(4) 
Space below the lowest floor (enclosure below BFE).
(a) 
Any alteration, repair, reconstruction or improvement to a structure started after the enactment of this chapter shall not enclose the space below the lowest floor unless breakaway walls, open wood latticework or insect screening are used as provided for in this section.
(b) 
Breakaway walls, open wood latticework or insect screening shall be allowed below the base flood elevation, provided that they are intended to collapse under wind and water loads without causing collapse, displacement or other structural damage to the elevated portion of the building or supporting foundation system. Breakaway walls shall be designed for a safe loading resistance of not less than 10 and no more than 20 pounds per square foot. Use of breakaway walls which exceed a design safe loading of 20 pounds per square foot (either by design or when so required by local or state codes) may be permitted only if a registered professional engineer or architect certifies that the designs proposed meet the following conditions:
[1] 
Breakaway wall collapse shall result from a water load less than that which would occur during the base flood.
[2] 
The elevated portion of the building and supporting foundation system shall not be subject to collapse, displacement or other structural damage due to the effects of wind and water load acting simultaneously on all building components, structural and nonstructural. Water loading values used shall be those associated with the base flood. Wind loading values used shall be those required by applicable state and local building standards.
[3] 
If breakaway walls are utilized, such enclosed space shall be used solely for parking of vehicles, building access or storage and not for human habitation.
[4] 
Prior to construction, plans for any breakaway wall must be submitted to the Building Sub-Code Official for approval.
C. 
Sand dunes. There shall be no alteration of sand dunes which would increase potential flood damage.