Town of Dover, NY
Dutchess County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Dover 9-29-1988 by L.L. No. 10-1988. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction — See Ch. 47.
Fees — See Ch. 73.
Flood damage prevention — See Ch. 81.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 125.
Zoning — See Ch. 145.

§ 65-1 Purpose.

It is the purpose of this chapter to protect the public health, safety and welfare in the Town of Dover by regulating site preparation and construction activities, including excavation, filling, grading and stripping, so as to prevent problems related to erosion, sediment or drainage. In relation to this purpose, this chapter is intended to:
A. 
Preserve the quality of the natural environment from such adverse effects of site preparation and construction as:
(1) 
Pollution of lakes, ponds and watercourses from silt or other materials.
(2) 
Unnecessary destruction of trees and other vegetation.
(3) 
Excessive exposure of soil to erosion.
(4) 
Unnecessary modification of natural topography or unique geological features.
(5) 
Failure to restore sites to an attractive natural condition.
B. 
Protect people and properties from such adverse effects of site preparation and construction as:
(1) 
Increased runoff, erosion and sediment.
(2) 
Increased threat to life and property from flooding or stormwaters.
(3) 
Increased slope instability and hazards from landslides and slumping.
(4) 
Modifications of the groundwater regime that adversely affect wells and surface water levels.
C. 
Protect the town and other governmental bodies from having to undertake, at public expense, programs of repairing roads and other public facilities, of providing flood protection facilities and of compensating private property owners for the destruction of properties arising from the adverse effects of site preparation and construction.
D. 
Ensure that site preparation and construction are consistent with the Comprehensive Plan of the Town of Dover.

§ 65-2 Legislative authority.

In accordance with Article 2, § 10 of the Municipal Home Rule Law of the State of New York, the Town Board of the Town of Dover has the authority to enact local laws for the purpose of promoting health, safety or general welfare of the Town of Dover, including the protection and preservation of the property of its inhabitants. By the same authority, the Town Board may include in any such local law provision for the appointment of any municipal officers or employees to effectuate and administer such local law.

§ 65-3 Title.

In order that site preparation and construction activities may be in conformance with the provisions of this chapter, this chapter is hereby adopted and shall be known and may be cited as the "Erosion and Sediment Control Law of the Town of Dover."

§ 65-4 Conformance required.

Upon the approval of this chapter by the Town Board, all site preparation and construction activities requiring a permit under this chapter shall be in conformance with the provisions set forth herein.

§ 65-5 Greater restrictions to prevail.

Where this chapter imposes greater restrictions than are imposed by the provision of any law, ordinance, regulation or private agreement, this chapter shall control. Where greater restrictions are imposed by any law, ordinance, regulation or private agreement than are imposed by this chapter, such greater restrictions shall control.

§ 65-6 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS
All activities directly related to the growing or raising of crops or livestock for the sale of agricultural produce, including horticultural and fruit operations.
AUTHORIZED OFFICIAL
The Code Enforcement Officer designated by the Town Board will administer and maintain the provisions of this chapter after consultation with the Town Engineer or the Dutchess County Soil and Water Conservation District, if necessary.
DRAINAGE
The gravitational movement of water or other liquids by surface runoff or subsurface flow.
EROSION
The wearing away of the land surface by action of wind, water, gravity or other natural forces.
EXCAVATION
Any activity which removes or significantly disturbs rock, gravel, sand, soil or other natural deposits.
FILLING
Any activity which deposits natural or artificial material so as to modify the surface or subsurface conditions of land, lakes, ponds or watercourses.
GRADING
The alteration of the surface or subsurface conditions of land, lakes, ponds or watercourses by excavation or filling.
MULCHING
The application of a layer of plant residue or other material for the purpose of effectively controlling erosion.
SEDIMENT
Solid material, both mineral and organic, that is in suspension, is being transported, has been deposited or has been removed from its site of origin by erosion.
SITE PREPARATION
The activities of stripping, excavation, filling and grading, no matter what the purpose of these activities.
SOIL
All unconsolidated mineral or nonliving organic material of whatever origin which overlies bedrock.
STRIPPING
Any activity which removes or significantly disturbs trees, brush, grass or any other kind of vegetation.
TOPSOIL
The natural surface layer of soil, usually darker than subsurface layers, to a depth of at least six inches within an undisturbed area of soils.
WATERCOURSE
Any natural or artificial stream, river, creek, ditch, channel, canal, conduit, culvert, drainageway, gully, ravine or wash in which water flows in a definite direction or course, either continuously or intermittently, and which has a definite channel, bed and banks and any area adjacent thereto subject to inundation by reason of overflow, flood or stormwater.
WETLANDS
Wetlands are defined by the following soil types taken from the Dutchess County Soil Survey Series 1939:
Boynton gravelly silt loam
Madalin silt loam
Atherton silt loam
Lyons silt loam
Saco silty clay loam
Whitman stony silt loam
Muck, acid deep phase
Tidal marsh, freshwater phase
Stissing gravelly silt loam
Madalin silty clay loam
Livingston silty clay loam
Mansfield silt loam
Wayland silt loam
Carlisle muck
Muck, acid shallow phase

§ 65-7 Permit required; exceptions.

A. 
None of the following activities shall be commenced until a permit has been issued under the provisions of this chapter:
(1) 
Altering wetlands, which includes draining or filling.
(2) 
Site preparation on slopes which exceed one foot of vertical rise to four feet of horizontal distance (or site preparation in areas known to be subject to severe erosion).
(3) 
Site preparation within the hundred-year floodplain of any watercourse.
(4) 
Excavation which affects more than 200 cubic yards of material within any parcel or any one subdivision.
(5) 
Stripping which affects more than 1/2 acre of ground surface within any parcel or any one subdivision.
(6) 
Grading which affects more than 1/2 acre of ground surface within any parcel or any one subdivision.
(7) 
Filling which exceeds a total of 200 cubic yards of material within any parcel or any one subdivision.
(8) 
A development or subdivision of two or more units or any development or subdivisions requiring any new street or the extension of municipal facilities.
B. 
The following activities are exempted from permit requirements:
(1) 
Activities not meeting the criteria in Subsection A.
(2) 
Excavations for the basements and footings of single-family houses and for septic tank systems, wells and swimming pools attendant to single-family homes, excepting those excavations required to obtain permits under Subsection A(1) through (3).
(3) 
Accepted agricultural tillage practices.
(4) 
Household gardening and activities related to the maintenance of landscape features on existing developed lots, excepting such activities as are required to obtain permits under Subsection A(4) through (8).
(5) 
Governmental activities, but only to the extent that such activities are exempted by law from the provisions of this chapter.

§ 65-8 Permit application, review and issuance.

A. 
Before any site preparation requiring a permit under § 65-7 of this chapter is commenced, six copies of a permit application shall have been filed with the Town Clerk and this application shall have been approved and a permit shall have been granted pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.
B. 
Upon filing an application for a permit, the applicant(s) shall pay to the town a fee as provided in Chapter 73, Fees, if the permit may be required under § 65-7A(4), (6), (7) or (8) of this chapter; otherwise, the applicant(s) shall pay a fee as provided in Chapter 73, Fees. The fee shall be deemed a reasonable sum to cover the costs of administration and shall in no part be returnable to the applicant(s).
[Amended 2-11-1991 by L.L. No. 2-1991]
C. 
The Town Planning Board, acting with recommendations from the Town Engineer, Building Inspector, Superintendent of Highways and the Conservation Advisory Commission, shall have the authority to grant or deny all permits pursuant to this chapter.
D. 
Copies of the permit application shall be submitted to the Town Planning Board. The Town Engineer, Building Inspector, Superintendent of Highways and the Conservation Advisory Commission shall submit recommendations on the application to the Planning Board within 30 days of the date of filing.
E. 
The Town Planning Board may, in its discretion, conduct public hearings on permit applications, which hearings shall be fixed at a reasonable time and shall be given notice by a newspaper of general circulation in the town at least 10 days prior to the date thereof.
F. 
The Town Planning Board shall grant or deny all permits within 60 days of the date of filing of the application thereof, unless the applicant and the Town Planning Board consent to a time extension.
G. 
Prior to granting a permit, the Town Planning Board shall determine that the request is in harmony with the purpose and standards set forth in this chapter.
H. 
In granting a permit, the Town Planning Board shall fix a reasonable time limit for the termination of the permit and may attach any conditions which it deems necessary to assure compliance with the provisions of this chapter. The permit shall not exceed one year's duration.
I. 
Major modifications of the terms of approved permits shall follow the same application, review and approval procedures as those set forth in this section for the original permit.
J. 
It shall be the responsibility of the authorized official to inspect sites as frequently as necessary to assure compliance with the terms of approved permits and the provisions of this chapter and to submit written notification of any violations of these terms or provisions to the Chairman of the Town Planning Board.
K. 
If, at any time during the effective period of a permit or upon its expiration, the terms of the permit are violated, the Town Planning Board may revoke the permit and may require that the performance guaranty be forfeited to the town. If the applicant shall be unable to complete the project or any phase thereof within the specified time, he shall, 30 days prior to the specified date of completion, present, in writing, a request for an extension of time, setting forth therein the reasons for the request. If, in the discretion of the Town Planning Board, such an extension is warranted, the Board may grant additional time for the completion of the work.

§ 65-9 Application requirements.

A property owner(s) or his agent(s) may initiate a request for a permit or the modification of a permit by filing six copies of an application with the Town Clerk, who shall promptly forward copies of the application to the Town Engineer, Town Building Inspector, Superintendent of Highways and the Conservation Advisory Commission. Maps and plans accompanying the application shall be prepared by a licensed architect or engineer or by any other person approved by the Town Engineer. The Chairman of the Town Planning Board may require that additional copies of the application be filed with the Town Clerk and he/she may modify the requirements concerning materials to accompany the application by waiving or adding such requirements as he/she deems appropriate to the nature and scope of the proposed activities. The Chairman of the Town Planning Board may require the applicant(s) to reconstruct application materials if they are deemed to be of insufficient scale or quality or do not meet the standards of this section. Excepting for modifications authorized or required by the Chairman of the Town Planning Board, each application shall contain the following material:
A. 
Existing features map(s), at a scale no smaller than one inch equals 100 feet, indicating:
(1) 
The boundaries of all parcels on which site preparation activities are proposed to be undertaken and boundaries of all parcels adjacent to the subject site.
(2) 
All structures and roads within a distance of 500 feet of the parcel on which site preparation activities are proposed to be undertaken. The structures shall be identified by their uses, and the roads shall be identified by their surface material and width of surface.
(3) 
All watercourses within a distance of 500 feet of the parcels on which site preparation activities are proposed to be undertaken.
(4) 
Existing topography at contour intervals of two feet within a distance of 500 feet of the parcels on which site preparation activities are proposed to be undertaken.
(5) 
All sewer, water, gas and electric lines and all other utilities within the parcels on which site preparation activities are proposed to be undertaken.
(6) 
Major wooded areas and tree clusters within a distance of 500 feet of the parcels on which site preparation activities are proposed to be undertaken.
(7) 
All vegetation areas on the site proposed for site preparation activities, including areas of grass, areas of brush and wooded areas and tree clusters.
(8) 
The depth to bedrock on the site proposed for site preparation activities, if determined during site evaluation.
(9) 
The depth to permanent groundwater aquifers on the site proposed for site preparation activities, if such depth is determined during site evaluation.
(10) 
The boundary of the one-hundred-year floodplain, together with the designated wetland boundaries, where applicable.
(11) 
Drainage computations prior to site preparation and after site preparation may be required.
B. 
Development standards. All development, plus specifications and timing schedules, including extensions of previously approved plans, shall comply with provisions for erosion and sediment control in accordance with standards and specifications contained in a manual titled "Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Guidebook," published by the Dutchess County Soil and Water Conservation District, as it may be revised. In the event of conflict with this chapter, the provisions herein shall prevail.
C. 
Operations map(s) at a scale no smaller than one inch equals 100 feet, which present a complete erosion and sediment control plan and which indicate:
(1) 
All excavation, filling and grading proposed to be undertaken, identified as to the depth, volume and nature of the materials involved.
(2) 
All stripping, identified as to the nature of vegetation affected.
(3) 
All areas where topsoil is removed and stockpiled and where topsoil is ultimately placed, identified as to the depth of topsoil in each such area.
(4) 
All temporary and permanent vegetation to be placed on the site, identified as to planting type, size and extent.
(5) 
All temporary and permanent drainage, erosion and sediment control facilities, including such facilities as ponds and sediment basins, identified as to the type of facility, the materials from which it is constructed, its dimensions and its capacity in gallons.
(6) 
The anticipated pattern of surface drainage during periods of peak runoff upon completion of site preparation and construction activities, identified as to rate and direction of flow at all major points within the drainage system.
(7) 
The location of all roads, driveways, sidewalks, structures, utilities and other improvements.
(8) 
The final contours of the site in intervals of no greater than two feet.
D. 
A time schedule which is keyed to the operation map(s), indicating:
(1) 
When major phases of the proposed project are to be initiated and completed.
(2) 
When major site preparation activities are to be initiated and completed.
(3) 
When the installation of temporary and permanent vegetation and drainage, erosion and sediment control facilities is to be completed.
(4) 
The anticipated duration, in days, of exposure of all major areas of site preparation before the installation of erosion and sediment control measures.
E. 
An estimate of the costs of providing temporary and permanent vegetation and drainage, erosion and sediment control facilities shall be prepared by applicant's engineer and confirmed by the Town Engineer.

§ 65-10 Standards for permit issuance.

In granting a permit under this chapter, the standards and considerations taken into account shall include but not be limited to the following:
A. 
Excavation, filling, grading and stripping shall be permitted to be undertaken only in such locations and in such a manner as to minimize the potential of erosion and sediment and the threat to the health, safety and welfare of neighboring property owners and the general public.
B. 
Site preparation and construction shall be fitted to the vegetation, topography and other natural features of the site and shall preserve as many of these features as feasible.
C. 
The control of erosion and sediment shall be a continuous process undertaken as necessary prior to, during and after site preparation and construction.
D. 
The smallest practical area of land shall be exposed by site preparation at any given time.
E. 
The exposure of areas by site preparation shall be kept to the shortest practical period of time prior to the construction of structures or improvements or the restoration of the exposed areas to an attractive natural condition.
F. 
Mulching or temporary vegetation suitable to the site shall be used where necessary to protect areas exposed by site preparation, and permanent vegetation which is well adapted to the site shall be installed as soon as practical.
G. 
Where slopes are to be revegetated in areas exposed by site preparation, the slopes shall not be of such steepness that vegetation cannot be readily established or that problems of erosion or sediment may result.
H. 
Site preparation and construction shall not adversely affect the free flow of water by encroaching on, blocking or restricting watercourses.
I. 
All fill material shall be of a composition suitable for the ultimate use of the fill, free of rubbish and carefully restricted in its content of brush, stumps, tree debris, rocks, frozen material and soft or easily compressed material.
J. 
Fill material shall be compacted sufficiently to prevent problems of erosion, and, where the material is to support structures, it shall be compacted to a minimum of 90% of standard proctor with proper moisture control.
K. 
All topsoil which is excavated from a site shall be stockpiled and used for the restoration of the site, and such stockpiles, where necessary, shall be seeded or otherwise treated to minimize the effects of erosion.
L. 
Prior to, during and after site preparation and construction, as integrated drainage system shall be provided which at all times minimizes erosion, sediment, hazards of slope instability and adverse effects on neighboring property owners.
M. 
The natural drainage system shall generally be preserved in preference to modifications of this system, except where such modifications are necessary to reduce levels of erosion and sediment and adverse effects on neighboring property owners.
N. 
All drainage systems shall be designed to handle adequately anticipated flows both within the site and from the entire upstream drainage basin.
O. 
Sufficient grades and drainage facilities shall be provided to prevent the ponding of water, unless such ponding is proposed within site plans, in which event there shall be sufficient water flow to maintain proposed water levels and to avoid stagnation.
P. 
There shall be provided, where necessary to minimize erosion and sediment, such measures as benches, berms, terraces, diversions and sediment, debris and retention basins.
Q. 
Drainage systems, plantings and other erosion or sediment control devices shall be maintained as frequently as necessary to provide adequate protection against erosion and sediment and to ensure that the free flow of water is not obstructed by the accumulation of silt, debris or other material or by structural damage.

§ 65-11 Performance guaranty.

A. 
After the approval of the application and before the issuance of any permit, the applicant shall file with the Town Clerk an amount of the estimated cost of the project as submitted under § 65-9E of this chapter and verified by the authorized official, one of the following performance guaranties:
(1) 
A certified check.
(2) 
A performance bond which shall be satisfactory to the Town Board and Town Attorney as to form, sufficiency, manner of execution, surety and period of execution.
(3) 
A letter of credit from a bank approved by the Town Board and Town Attorney.
B. 
The Town Planning Board may grant a waiver of such guaranty if it deems the proposed activities to be of minor scope and to be consistent with the provisions of this chapter.
C. 
The party or parties filing the performance guaranty shall provide that, either upon termination of the permit or the operation, whichever may come first, the project shall be in conformity with both the approved specific requirements of the permit and the provisions of this chapter. In the event of default of such and violation of any other applicable laws, such performance guaranty shall be forfeited to the town. The town shall return to the applicant any amount that is not needed to cover the costs of restoration, administration and any other expenses incurred by the town as a result of the applicant's default. Such performance guaranty shall continue in full force and effect until a certificate of compliance shall have been issued by the authorized official after such consultation with any agencies or individuals as he deems necessary to ensure that all provisions of this chapter and of the permit have been met.

§ 65-12 Variances.

Where practical difficulties, unnecessary hardships and results inconsistent with the general purpose of this chapter or certain provisions hereof are encountered, variances may be granted by the Town of Dover Zoning Board of Appeals.

§ 65-13 Penalties for offenses.

A. 
If there is any damage due to a violation of this chapter or if any soil, liquid or other material is caused to be deposited upon or to roll, flow or wash upon any public property, private property or right-of-way in violation of this chapter, the person, firm, partnership, corporation or other party responsible shall be notified and shall cause the same to be removed from such property or way within 36 hours of notice. In the event of an immediate danger to the public health or safety, notice shall be given by the most expeditious means and the violation shall be remedied immediately. In the event that it is not so remedied, the town shall cause such and the cost of such by the town shall be paid to the town by the party who failed to so remedy and shall be a debt owed to the town.
B. 
Any person, firm, partnership, corporation or other party who or which violates any provision of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to a fine of not less than $50 nor more than $200 or to imprisonment of not more than 30 days, or both such fine and imprisonment, and, in addition, any party who violates any of the provisions of this chapter or omits or refuses to perform any and every act hereby required shall respectively forfeit and pay a penalty of $50 for each and every such violation and nonperformance. The imposition of any such penalty for the violation of this chapter shall not excuse such violation nor permit the continuance thereof. The application of the above penalty or penalties for a violation of the provisions of this chapter shall not be held to prevent the removal of conditions prohibited by this chapter by such legal means as may be proper.
C. 
Every day that a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter continues after written notice shall have been served upon the owner or his agent, either personally or by registered mail addressed to such person at his last known address, shall constitute a separate violation.