Village of Greendale, WI
Milwaukee County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Board of the Village of Greendale as Ch. 22 of the Code of Ordinances. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Public health and welfare — See Ch. 11.
Building Code — See Ch. 15.

22.01 Unsafe and unsanitary buildings.

Whenever the Director of Inspection Services finds any building or part thereof within the Village to be in his judgment so old, dilapidated or so out of repair as to be dangerous, unsafe, unsanitary or otherwise unfit for human habitation, occupancy or use, and so that it would be unreasonable to repair the same, he shall order the owner to raze and remove such building or part thereof or, if it can be made safe by repairs, to repair and make safe and sanitary or to raze and remove at the owner's option. Such order and proceedings shall be as provided in § 66.0413, Wis. Stats.

22.02 Applicability.

(1) 
The provisions of this chapter shall apply to all structures in the Village containing one or more rental dwelling units and to all dwelling units which are either rented for human habitation or permitted by the owner thereof to be occupied for human habitation by the owner or a person other than the owner.
(2) 
This chapter establishes minimum standards for the human habitation or occupancy of premises in the Village and does not replace or modify the standards otherwise established for the construction, replacement or repair of buildings contained in the Building Code,[1] except such as are in conflict with the provisions of this chapter.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 15, Building Code.

22.03 Definitions.

The following definitions shall apply only in the interpretation and enforcement of § 22.02:
APPROVED
Approved by or in accordance with regulations under this chapter, enforced and interpreted by the Director of Inspection Services or others as indicated elsewhere in this chapter.
BASEMENT
A story having part but not more than 1/2 of its floor-to-clear-ceiling height below the average finished ground grade adjoining the building walls. When a basement is used for storage garages for use of occupants of the building, or facilities common for the operation of the rest of the building, other than facilities for dwelling or lodging, it shall not be counted as a story.
BEDROOM
A habitable room within the dwelling unit which is used or intended to be used primarily for the purpose of sleeping.
CELLAR
A story having more than 1/2 of the floor-to-clear-ceiling height below the average finished ground grade at the building walls. A cellar is not included in computing the number of stories for the purpose of height measurement.
DIRECTOR OF INSPECTION SERVICES
The official of the Village appointed and designated as the Director of Inspection Services.
DWELLING UNIT
A suite of habitable rooms occupied by or intended to be occupied by not more than one family as a residence and forming a single habitable unit with cooking, living, sanitary and sleeping facilities.
ENGINEER, VILLAGE
The official of the Village appointed and designated as the Village Engineer.
FAMILY
One or more persons occupying a dwelling unit as a single, nonprofit housekeeping unit, who are living together as a bona fide stable and committed living unit, being a traditional family or the functional equivalent thereof, exhibiting the generic character of a traditional family.[1]
HABITABLE ROOM
Every room in any building in which persons sleep, eat or carry on their usual domestic or social vocations or avocations, but shall not include private laundries, bathrooms, toilet rooms, pantries, storerooms, corridors, rooms for mechanical equipment for service in the building or other similar spaces not used by persons frequently or during extended periods.
HEALTH OFFICER
The official of the Village appointed and designated as the Public Health Administrator/Health Officer.
OWNER
Any person, firm or corporation who or which, alone or jointly or severally with others, shall own or have charge, care or control of any dwelling unit within the Village as owner, lessee, employee or agent of the owner, or as trustee or guardian of the estate, or person of the title holder, and all such other persons shall be bound to comply with the provisions of this chapter to the same extent as the owner.
RENTED PREMISES
All premises which are actually rented under verbal or written lease to one or more tenants, and also the use of the premises by one or more persons other than the owner or owners thereof, who may be permitted by such owner to occupy such premises rent free or without consideration being paid to the owner or owners for such use.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Code Adoption Ordinance).

22.04 Minimum standards for lighting, ventilation and heating.

No person shall occupy as owner or occupant or let to another for occupancy any dwelling or dwelling unit for the purpose of living therein which does not comply with the following requirements:
(1) 
Every habitable room, kitchen, bathroom and toilet room shall have a window or windows with a total glass area equal to at least 8% of its floor area unless in the opinion of the Director of Inspection Services the structure of the building precludes the use of windows, in which case other means of lighting and ventilation approved by the Director of Inspection Services may be used. Such windows shall open onto a street, alley, yard, court or easement open to the sky. Such window or windows shall be so constructed that at least 1/2 may be fully opened and so that the sash can be opened and securely closed. Approved mechanical ventilation may be substituted.
(2) 
Every public hall and public stairway of every dwelling containing four or more dwelling units shall be adequately lighted by means of properly located electric light fixtures at all times, provided that such electrical lighting may be omitted from sunrise to sunset where there are windows or skylights opening directly to the outside and where the total window or skylight area is at least 1/10 of the combined horizontal area of such hall and stairway and if such skylights provide adequate natural light to all parts of each such public pathway. Every public hall and stairway in dwellings containing two or three dwelling units shall be supplied with convenient light switches controlling an adequate lighting system which may be turned on when needed, instead of full-time lighting. Adequate bulbs shall be provided in every public hall and on every public stairway so that a minimum of two footcandles of light is delivered to all parts in the public hall or stairway.
(3) 
At least one window in each bedroom, bathroom and kitchen shall be supplied with a screen covering at least 33% of the window area, provided that such screens shall not be required in rooms deemed by the Health Officer to be located sufficiently high in the upper stories of dwellings as to be free of mosquitoes, flies and other flying insects. Such screens shall have a wire mesh not less than No. 16 or, in lieu thereof, mechanical ventilation.
(4) 
Every kitchen and habitable room within every dwelling and/or dwelling unit shall contain at least two separate wall-type electric convenience outlets or one such convenience outlet and one supplied ceiling or wall-type electric light fixture. Every toilet room, bathroom, furnace room, laundry room and public hall shall contain at least one supplied ceiling type or wall-type electric light fixture. Every outlet and fixture shall be installed and maintained in good working condition and shall be connected with the source of electric power in conformance with Chapter 16, Electrical Code. These may be serviced by approved wiring.
(5) 
Each dwelling unit shall have supplied heating facilities and such facilities shall be properly installed, be maintained in reasonably good working condition and be capable of adequately heating all habitable rooms, bathrooms and toilet rooms contained therein where intended for use by the occupants thereof to a temperature of at least 68° F. at a distance of three feet above floor level when the outdoor temperature is at 10° below 0° F. Every supplied central heating system shall comply with the following requirements:
(a) 
The central heating unit shall be in reasonably good operating condition.
(b) 
Every heat duct, steam pipe and hot water pipe shall be free of leaks and shall function so that an adequate amount of heat is delivered where intended.

22.05 Responsibilities of owners.

No person shall occupy as owner-occupant or let to or offer to let to another for occupancy any dwelling unit or portion thereof for the purpose of living therein which does not comply with the following requirements:
(1) 
Every foundation, exterior wall and roof shall be reasonably weathertight and rodentproof and shall be kept in a good state of maintenance and repair.
(2) 
Every interior partition wall, floor and ceiling shall be capable of affording privacy, kept in a reasonably good state of repair and maintained so as to permit them to be kept in a clean and sanitary condition.
(3) 
All rainwater shall be so drained and conveyed from every roof so as not to cause dampness in the walls, ceiling or floors of any habitable room, bathroom or toilet room.
(4) 
Every window, exterior door and basement hatchway shall be reasonably weathertight and rodentproof and shall be kept in reasonably good working condition and a reasonably good state of maintenance and repair.
(5) 
All exterior surface shall be protected from the elements and against decay and deterioration by paint or by other approved protective coating applied in workmanlike fashion.
(6) 
Every inside and outside stairway, every porch and every appurtenance thereto shall be so constructed as to be reasonably safe to use and capable of supporting such a load as normal use may cause to be placed thereon and shall be kept in sound condition and reasonably good state of maintenance and repair.
(7) 
Every supplied plumbing fixture and water and waste pipe shall be properly installed and maintained in good, sanitary working condition.
(8) 
Every chimney and every supplied smoke pipe shall be adequately supported, reasonably clean and maintained in a reasonably good state of repair.
(9) 
Every toilet room floor surface and bathroom floor surface shall be maintained so as to be reasonably impervious to water and so as to permit such floors to be kept in a clean and sanitary condition.
(10) 
Every supplied facility, piece of equipment or utility which is required under this chapter shall be so constructed or installed that it shall function properly and shall be maintained in reasonably good working condition.
(11) 
No owner or operator shall cause any service facility, equipment or utility which is required to be supplied under the provisions of this chapter to be removed from, shut off from or disconnected from any occupied dwelling or dwelling unit let or occupied by him except for such temporary interruptions as may be necessary while actual repairs, replacement or alterations are in the process of being made.
(12) 
Every owner of a building containing one or more dwelling units shall be responsible for the extermination of insects, rodents or pests on the premises. Wherever infestation exists in any of the dwellings or in the shared or public parts of any dwelling containing two or more dwelling units, extermination thereof shall be the responsibility of the owner.
(13) 
Every owner of a dwelling containing two or more dwelling units shall be responsible for maintaining in a reasonably clean, sanitary condition all communal, shared or public areas of dwellings or premises thereof which are used or shared by the occupants of two or more dwelling units.
(14) 
No owner shall occupy, rent to any other person for occupancy or allow any other person to occupy any vacant dwelling unit unless it is reasonably clean and sanitary and complies with all provisions of this chapter and all rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto.
(15) 
A written contract assigning any or all of the above responsibilities to the occupant shall be deemed sufficient to place the responsibilities of this section upon the occupant.

22.06 Minimum space, use and location requirements.

No person shall occupy or let to another for occupancy any dwelling or dwelling unit for the purpose of living therein which does not comply with the following requirements:
(1) 
No dwelling unit shall be occupied by more than one family (including two occupants who are not related to the family).
(2) 
At least 1/2 of the floor area of every habitable room shall have a ceiling height of not less than seven feet six inches, and the floor area of that part of any room where the ceiling height is less than seven feet six inches shall not be considered as part of the floor area in computing the total area of the room for the purpose of determining the maximum permissible occupancy or habitable area.
(3) 
Every dwelling unit shall contain at least 160 square feet of floor space for the first occupant thereof and at least 100 square feet of additional floor space for every additional occupant.
(4) 
No dwelling or dwelling unit containing two or more sleeping rooms shall have such room arrangement that access to a bathroom or toilet room intended for use by occupants of more than one sleeping room can be had only by going through another sleeping room, nor shall such room arrangements exist that access to a sleeping room can be had only by going through another sleeping room or bathroom or a toilet room.
(5) 
In every dwelling unit at least one room occupied for sleeping purposes by one or more occupants shall contain at least 100 square feet of floor space, and every room occupied for sleeping purposes by more than one occupant shall contain at least 40 square feet of floor space for each occupant thereof.
(6) 
Every occupant of every dwelling unit shall have unrestricted access to a toilet and to a kitchen sink or lavatory basin located within the dwelling unit.
(7) 
No basement or cellar space shall be used as a habitable room or dwelling unit unless:
(a) 
The floor and walls are impervious to leakage of underground and surface runoff water and are insulated against dampness.
(b) 
The total window area in each room is equal to at least the minimum window area sizes as required in § 22.04(1).
(c) 
Such required minimum window area is located entirely above the ground adjoining such window area.
(d) 
The total of openable window area in each room is equal to at least the minimum as required under § 22.04(1), except where there is supplied some other device affording adequate ventilation and approved by the Health Officer.

22.07 Maintenance of structures, fences and premises.

No owner shall permit any nondwelling structure or fence to exist on any premises or maintain any premises which does not comply with the following requirements:
(1) 
All exterior surfaces of nondwelling structures shall be properly protected from the elements and against decay and decomposition by paint or other approved protective coating applied in a workmanlike manner.
(2) 
Every fence shall be kept in a good state of maintenance and repair or shall be removed. Chain link fences shall be coated with vinyl or another coating acceptable to the Village to prevent maintenance problems.
(3) 
Every lot shall be graded and maintained so that all water is diverted away from buildings and drained from the lot and so as to prevent standing water and soil saturation detrimental to structures and lot use.
(4) 
Any driveway area crossing any public right-of-way shall be paved within two years after an occupancy permit is issued or within one year after the public road serving the property is completed, whichever event occurs later, with a permanent-type surface which shall consist of either seven inches of concrete or 2 1/2 inches of bituminous concrete on six inches of crushed stone base.
(5) 
All open spaces on areas containing a dwelling unit for which an occupancy permit has been issued shall be put into a lawn (except for such areas set aside for trees, shrubbery and gardens) within two years after an occupancy permit has been issued.
(6) 
Every premises and/or lawn thereon shall be maintained in a presentable and reasonably well kept condition.

22.10 Violations and penalties.

Any person who shall violate any provision of this chapter or any regulation, rule or order made hereunder shall be subject to a penalty as provided in § 25.04 of this Code. Each violation and each day a violation continues or occurs shall constitute a separate offense. This section shall not preclude the Village from maintaining any appropriate action to prevent or remove a violation of this chapter.