Baltimore County, MD
 
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[Bill Nos. 26-1988; 36-1988]

§ 409.1 Applicability.

A. 
All structures built and all uses established hereafter shall provide accessory off-street parking and loading in accordance with the following regulations. When an existing structure or use is enlarged, accessory off-street parking and loading shall be provided in accordance with the following regulations for the area or capacity of such enlargement.
B. 
Those projects which have County Review Group (CRG) approval prior to the effective date of these regulations may modify their plans to satisfy these regulations or may proceed under the regulations in effect at the time of said approval.
C. 
Those projects for which a building permit has been submitted but not approved may modify their plans to satisfy these regulations or proceed under the regulations in effect at the time of said submittal.

§ 409.2 Plan.

At the time of application for a building permit for the erection or enlargement of any building for which off-street parking or loading spaces are required, a plan shall be provided at an appropriate level of detail showing such parking or loading spaces, including the means of access and interior circulation both from the standpoint of the project itself and in relation to its surroundings.

§ 409.3 Parking space dimensions.

Minimum off-street parking space dimensions shall be as follows:
Angled Parking (feet) Parallel Parking (feet)
Standard space 8 1/2 x 18 7 1/2 x 21
Small car space 7 1/2 x 16 7 1/2 x 18
Small car spaces shall be designated as such and clearly marked to indicate the intended use.

§ 409.4 Access to parking spaces.

Vehicular travelways in off-street parking facilities where the parking spaces are located in parking bays or parking lanes shall be divided into driveways, with no direct access to parking spaces, and aisles, providing direct access to adjoining parking spaces.
A. 
Driveways shall be at least 12 feet in width for one-way movements and at least 20 feet in width for two-way movements.
B. 
All parking spaces shall adjoin and have direct access to an aisle, except in the following cases:
1. 
In cases where vehicles will be parked by an attendant, the Zoning Commissioner may approve a parking facility in which up to 50% of all parking spaces do not adjoin and have direct access to an aisle.
2. 
In office buildings less than 5,000 square feet, the Zoning Commissioner may approve a plan in which spaces designated for employee use only do not have direct access to an aisle.
C. 
The permitted parking angles and the minimum required widths of aisles shall be as specified below. Parking angles and aisle widths which vary from those specified below may be approved by the Zoning Commissioner for any parking facility based upon the written findings of the Director of Public Works that the design of the particular parking facility involved will provide for the safe and efficient circulation and maneuvering of vehicles.
Parking Angle One-Way Aisles (feet) Two-Way Aisles (feet)
90° 22 22
75° 18 20
60° 16 20
45° 14 20
30° 14 20
14 20
D. 
Historic structures. For an existing structure within the Oella National Register District or the Ellicott Mills National Register District, the width of driveways and aisles with two-way movement in an interior private parking facility may be modified up to 25% of the minimum required width specified in Section 409.4.A and 409.4.C. Residential dwelling unit parking spaces that do not have access to aisles are permitted, and these spaces may count towards the number of spaces required under Section 409.6. Any parking spaces without direct access to a drive aisle and the space blocking access to that drive aisle shall be reserved for an individual unit.
[Bill No. 8-2004]

§ 409.5 Number of small car spaces.

A. 
In off-street parking facilities where more than 50 parking spaces are provided, small car spaces shall be permitted as specified below.
1. 
In facilities serving office or industrial uses: up to 40% of the number of spaces required for such uses.
2. 
In parking structures serving residential or lodging uses: up to 40% of the number of spaces required for such uses. In surface parking facilities serving residential or lodging uses: no small car spaces permitted.
B. 
Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 409.5.A., for any nonresidential development, all parking spaces provided which exceed the requirements of Section 409.6 may be small car spaces at the discretion of the developer.

§ 409.6 Required number of parking spaces.

A. 
General requirements. The standards set forth below shall apply in all zones unless otherwise noted. Where the required number of off-street parking spaces is not set forth for a particular type of use, the Director of Permits, Approvals and Inspections shall determine the basis of the number of spaces to be provided. When the number of spaces calculated in accordance with this section results in a number containing a fraction, the required number of spaces shall be the next highest whole number.
[Bill Nos. 124-1993; 136-1996; 144-1997; 122-2010]
1. 
Residential and lodging uses.
Type of Use Minimum Number of Required Off-Street Parking Spaces
Boarding- or rooming house 1 per tenant bed plus 2 if owner resides on property.
[Bill No. 124-1993]
Dormitory 1 per 4 beds.
Elderly housing facilities For housing for the elderly, Class A, at least 1 usable off-street parking space shall be provided for each 2 dwelling units in a town center or for each 1 1/2 dwelling units elsewhere.
For housing for the elderly, Class B, at least 1 usable off-street parking space shall be provided for each dwelling unit. However, if the development is supported substantially or in part by any type of rent subsidy, the developer may petition for a hearing before the Zoning Commissioner for a decrease in the number of spaces to be provided.
For continuing care facilities, at least 1 usable off-street parking space shall be provided for each dwelling unit and at least 1 usable off-street parking space shall be provided for each 2 assisted living beds and for each 3 convalescent or nursing beds.
For assisted living facilities, at least 1 usable off-street parking space shall be provided for each 3 beds.
[Bill No. 188-1993]
In R.A.E.1 and R.A.E.2 Zones and in all business and industrial zones, all parking requirements of the underlying zone must be met for any commercial or office use which is contained within the elderly housing facility.
In the case of any type of elderly housing facility, the Zoning Commissioner may allow the provision of fewer parking spaces, after a public hearing at which evidence has been given regarding use of rent vouchers certificates or other subsidies or the availability of developer-sponsored van service or other ride-sharing for the prospective residents of the housing, and after the Director of Planning has furnished information regarding the availability and accessibility to the elderly of public mass transportation to the site. In no case, however, may the facility provide less than 1 parking space for each 3 dwelling units.
Fraternity or sorority house 1 per 2 beds.
Group house (or townhouse), apartment building, garden apartment building and other apartment buildings (i.e., multiple-family rental or condominium dwellings) In a C.T. District or R.A.E.2 Zone:
1 per apartment with no separate bedroom, 1.25 per apartment with 1 or 2 separate bedrooms, and 1.5 per apartment with 3 or more separate bedrooms.
Elsewhere: 1.25 per apartment with no separate bedroom, 1.5 per apartment with 1 or 2 separate bedrooms, and 2 per apartment with 3 or more separate bedrooms.
Hotel, motel 1 per guest room or suite; no spaces required for ancillary uses.
Mobile home 2 per unit.
One-family detached or semi-detached house, one-family group house (or townhouse), patio house, side-and-back attached house, two-family house 2 per dwelling unit.
Tourist home 1 per guest room.
[Bill No. 124-1993]
No parking spaces are required for residential buildings contributing to the historic character of an area, if such buildings have been designated on the National Register of Historic Places and are located within a C.T. or B.L.-C.C.C. District.
2. 
Commercial and service uses.
Type of Use Minimum Number of Required Off-Street Parking Spaces
Automotive service station See Section 405.
Bank 3.3 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
Beauty shop or barbershop 5 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
Car wash See Section 419.
Carry-out restaurant 5 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
[Bill No. 110-1993]
Fast-food and standard restaurants: general rule 16 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area with at least 10 spaces required in all cases, except that no parking spaces are required for restaurants in the C.T. District of Towson or for buildings contributing to the historic character of an area, if such buildings have been designated on the National Register of Historic Places and are located within a C.T. or B.L.-C.C.C. District and if such buildings will be adapted for reuse for a restaurant.
[Bill No. 110-1993; 3-2003]
Standard restaurants in revitalization districts In the Arbutus, Catonsville and Pikesville revitalization districts, 5 spaces per 1,000 square feet are required for a standard restaurant. However, a minimum investment of $100,000 in interior and/or exterior improvements is required. The improvements shall be made within 6 months of the filing of the parking plan and verified by the Director of Permits, Approvals and Inspections.
[Bill Nos. 3-2003; 122-2010]
Fast food, drive-through only 14 per 1,000 square feet of gross restaurant floor area, plus spaces for outdoor seating area in accordance with the requirement for fast food and standard restaurants. A minimum of 10 spaces is required.
[Bill No. 110-1993]
Furniture or carpet store 2.5 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
Medical office or clinic 4.5 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
Neighborhood car rental agency 3 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area (excluding any enclosed vehicular preparation area) plus 1 for each rental vehicle
[Bill No. 122-2005]
Nightclub, tavern, striptease business, catering hall or drive-in restaurant 20 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area with at least 10 spaces required in all cases, except no spaces required for nightclubs or taverns in the C.T. District of Towson or for buildings contributing to the historic character of an area, if such buildings have been designated on The National Register of Historic Places and are located within a C.T. or B.L.-C.C.C. District and if such buildings will be adapted for reuse for a nightclub, tavern or striptease business.
[Bill Nos. 137-1990; 110-1993]
Office — general In the C.T. District of Towson: 3.3 per 1,000 square feet of gross ground floor area and 2 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area of upper floors.
Elsewhere: 3.3 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
No parking spaces are required for buildings contributing to the historic character of an area, if such buildings have been designated on the National Register of Historic Places and are located within a C.T. or B.L.-C.C.C. District and have been adapted for reuse for office space.
Passenger rail station As determined by the Zoning Commissioner upon the recommendation of the State of Maryland Mass Transit Administration.
[Bill No. 91-1990]
Personal service establishment, except beauty shop and barbershop 3.3 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
Residential art salon See Section 402C.4.
Retail — general 3 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area in the C.T. District of Towson; 5 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area elsewhere. No parking spaces are required for buildings contributing to the historic character of an area, if such buildings have been designated on the National Register of Historic Places and are located within a C.T. or B.L.-C.C.C. District and have been adapted for reuse for retail space.
Shopping center (less than 100,000 square feet of gross leasable area) The required number of spaces shall calculated according to the particular types of tenants in the shopping center, i.e., each tenant shall be considered as a separate use.
Shopping center (100,000 square feet or more of gross leasable area) In the C.T. District of Towson: the required number of spaces shall be calculated according to the particular types of tenants in the shopping center, i.e., each tenant shall be considered as a separate use.
Elsewhere: 5 per 1,000 square feet of gross leasable area, including any area devoted to restaurants, but excluding any area devoted to theaters and warehouses, in which case the theaters and warehouses shall be considered as separate uses.
[Bill No. 57-2009]
Transit center or transit facility As determined by the Baltimore County Zoning Commissioner upon the recommendations of the State of Maryland Mass Transit Administration.
[Bill No. 91-1990]
Transit storage or repair yard 1 per employee on the largest shift.
[Bill No. 91-1990]
3. 
Industrial uses.
Type of Use Minimum Number of Required Off-Street Parking Spaces
Manufacturing wholesale or warehouse 1 per employee on the largest shift.
Research institute or laboratory 2.5 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
Trucking facility, Class I 5 plus 1 per 2 employees in the largest shift.
Trucking facility, Class II 1 per 2 employees in the largest shift or 1 per 3,000 square feet of total area devoted to parking of truck tractors, truck trailers or tractor-trailers (not including truck maneuvering area or loading area), but in no case less than 10.
4. 
Recreational and institutional uses.
Type of Use Minimum Number of Required Off-Street Parking Spaces
Athletic club or health spa 10 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area, excluding any area devoted to tennis/racquetball courts or other similar courts, in which case there shall be 3 per court, except that 3 parking spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area are required for athletic clubs or health spas in the C.T. District of Towson.
[Bill Nos. 136-1996; 81-2012]
Bowling alley 4 per lane.
Church, house of worship or religious assembly 1 per 4 seats in the principal place of worship.
[Bill No. 144-1997]
Funeral home or mortuary 10 per 1,000 square feet of floor space available for use by the public, plus 1 per 2 employees, plus 1 per each vehicle used in connection with the business; unless located in the R.C. 6 Zone where a total of only 7 per 1,000 square feet of floor space available for use by the public is required.
[Bill Nos. 136-1996; 11-2008]
Golf driving range or miniature golf 1.5 per tee.
[Bill No. 136-1996]
Golf course 8 per hole.
Group child-care center or nursery school 1 per employee on the largest shift, but in no case less than 2.
Hospital 1.5 per bed, except for separate standing hospital-related facilities, in which case the minimum requirement shall be the number of spaces otherwise required for such facilities.
Marina, boatyard or yacht club 1 per 2 slips or boat storage spaces in an out-of-water storage facility unless the owner can certify that the out-of-water storage space is used only for the winter storage or repair of boats moored in the water; half of the spaces required for slips may be counted towards the parking required for any other use on the premises of a yacht club. Notwithstanding any other provision of these regulations, if located within the Chesapeake Bay Critical Area and subject to the approval of the Directors of Environmental Protection and Sustainability, Fire and Public Works, a durable and dustless parking surface and striped spaces need not be provided.
[Bill Nos. 149-1992; 136-1996; 122-2010]
Nursing home 1 per 3 beds.
Pool hall or arcade 4 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
[Bill No. 136-1996]
Schools:
Elementary or middle school 1 per employee, plus visitor spaces as determined by the Zoning Commissioner.
High school 1 per employee, plus visitor spaces and student parking as determined by the Zoning Commissioner.
College, university, business, trade or technical school 1 per employee, plus visitor spaces and student parking as determined by the Zoning Commissioner.
Skating rink 5 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
Swimming pool:
Community 1 per 7 persons permitted in the pool at one time by the Department of Health.
Commercial 1 per 4 persons permitted in the pool at one time by the Department of Health.
Tennis, handball, or racquetball courts and other similar courts 3 per court.
Theater, auditorium, arena or stadium 1 per 4 seats.
[Bill No. 136-1996]
B. 
Adjustments to general requirements.
1. 
Transit adjustment.
[Bill No. 45-2011]
a. 
The required number of off-street parking spaces for any office or industrial use may be reduced by 5% if a pedestrian entrance to the building is located within 1,000 feet walking distance of a transit stop on a Mass Transit Administration route with scheduled peak-period headway of 20 minutes or better. The number of spaces may be reduced by an additional 10% if the office or industrial use is located in a Commercial Revitalization District, subject to the approval of the Director of Permits, Approvals and Inspections pursuant to the procedure specified in Section 409.13 of the Baltimore County Zoning Regulations.
[Bill No. 36-2013]
b. 
The required number of off-street parking spaces for any plan of development with a minimum of 750,000 square feet of gross leasable area in a C.T. District may be reduced by 25% if served by a transit stop on a Mass Transit Administration route with scheduled peak-period headway of 20 minutes or better.
c. 
The required number of off-street parking spaces for any transit-oriented plan of development may be reduced up to 40% if served by a Mass Transit Administration Metro Rail station.
d. 
The transit adjustment shall not apply to general offices in the C.T. District of Towson.
2. 
Ridesharing adjustment. The required number of off-street parking spaces for any office or industrial use with 100 or more employees may be reduced by 10% for participation in a continuous, personalized ridesharing assistance program. The ridesharing adjustment shall not apply to general offices in the C.T. District of Towson.
a. 
Conditions for approval. To qualify for a 10% reduction, the owner or lesser shall meet the following requirements:
(1) 
Actively participate in the regional ridesharing program, as administered by the State of Maryland or Baltimore County.
(2) 
Assign an on-site ridesharing coordinator to periodically interact with the regional ride-sharing program and promote the program internally to employees.
(3) 
Establish an in-house carpool promotion and matching program and provide such maps, displays and materials as are necessary to inform employees of its availability.
(4) 
Reserve a minimum of 10% of all parking spaces for carpools or vanpools and have those spaces so designated by appropriate signage.
(5) 
Demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Zoning Commissioner that, in the event of future noncompliance, it will be feasible to either construct or lease the additional required parking spaces.
(6) 
Certify annually to the Zoning Commissioner that these criteria are being met.
b. 
Penalties for noncompliance. If the criteria for the reduction in the required number of off-street parking spaces are no longer being met, the owner or lessee shall be required to construct or lease additional parking spaces equal in number to the reduction granted. Failure to construct or lease the required additional parking spaces is a violation of these Zoning Regulations.
3. 
Shared parking adjustment. Two or more uses shall be permitted to share their off-street parking spaces in a common parking facility if the hours or days of peak parking for the uses are so different that a lower total will provide adequately for all uses served by the facility, without conflict or encroachment. To assure that no conflict or encroachment occur, shared parking spaces for such uses shall be provided according to the following table. The shared parking adjustment shall not apply to uses in the C.T. District of Towson, except for theater uses and office or industrial uses.
[Bill No. 5-1989]
Weekday Weekend
Daytime (6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.) Evening (6:00 p.m. to midnight) Daytime (6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.) Evening (6:00 p.m. to midnight) Nighttime (Midnight to 6:00 a.m.)
Church, house of worship or place of religious assembly*
Hotel or motel 75% 100% 75% 100% 75%
Office or industrial 100% 10% 10% 5% 5%
Restaurant 50% 100% 100% 100% 10%
Retail 60% 90% 100% 70% 5%
Shopping center with 100,000 square feet or more of GLA 60% 90% 100% 70% 5%
Theater, commercial recreation, nightclub or tavern 40% 100% 80% 100% 10%
Other uses 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
* The Director of Permits, Approvals and Inspections shall determine the percentage of parking spaces required for each of the five time periods on a case-by-case basis, depending on the existing and planned weekday and weekend activities.
[Bill Nos. 144-1997; 122-2010]
a. 
Method of calculation.
Step I — For each of the five time periods, multiply the minimum number of parking spaces required for each use (including any transit or ride-sharing adjustments) by the corresponding percentage in the table.
Step II — Add the results of each column. The required number of parking spaces shall equal the highest column total.
b. 
Conditions for approval.
(1) 
Reserved or otherwise restricted spaces shall not be shared.
(2) 
The land uses served by the shared parking facility shall be in single ownership or permitted for multiple ownership by the Director of Permits, Approvals and Inspections upon satisfactory guarantees of the continued operation and proper maintenance of the shared parking facility.
[Bill Nos. 144-1997; 122-2010]

§ 409.7 Location of parking.

All required off-street parking spaces shall be located either on the same lot as the structure or use to which they are accessory or off-site as provided for below.
A. 
Off-site parking spaces for residential uses and lodging uses shall be located within 300 feet walking distance of a building entrance to the use that such spaces serve.
B. 
Uses other than residential.
1. 
Except in C.T. Districts and R-O-A and R-O Zones, off-site parking spaces for uses other than residential and lodging shall be located within 500 feet walking distance of a building entrance to the use that such spaces serve. In C.T. Districts, such spaces shall be permitted within 1,000 feet walking distance of the building entrance. In the C.T. District of Towson, such spaces shall be permitted within 1,500 feet walking distance of the building entrance, provided that they are located within the town center boundary.
[Bill Nos. 155-1988; 170-1991]
2. 
In R-O and R-O-A Zones, all required off-street parking spaces shall be provided on the same lot as the structure or use to which they are accessory, except that in cases where adjacent dwellings have been converted to Class A office buildings, parking spaces may be provided on the adjacent lots. The use of an off-site parking facility which is accessory to a church or other existing principal use may satisfy the parking requirement, if located no more than 500 feet from the lot.
[Bill No. 170-1991]
C. 
Prior to the approval of any building permit involving an off-site parking facility, the Director of Permits, Approvals and Inspections shall require guarantees of the continued future availability and proper maintenance of the facility, including, but not limited to, a grant of an easement, a deed restriction, a restrictive covenant or a binding contractual agreement, including a lease. Any plans approved are conditioned upon and subject to periodic review by the Director to ensure that adequate parking arrangements continue to exist.
[Bill Nos. 144-1997; 122-2010]

§ 409.8 Design standards.

A. 
Requirements for parking facilities in all zones. All off-street parking facilities shall be subject to the following requirements:
1. 
Design, screening and landscaping. Design, screening and landscaping shall be provided in accordance with the Landscape Manual and all other manuals adopted pursuant to § 32-4-404 of the Baltimore County Code.
[Bill No. 137-2004]
2. 
Surface. A durable and dustless surface shall be provided and shall be properly drained so as not to create any undesirable conditions.
3. 
Lighting. Any fixture used to illuminate any parking facility shall be so arranged as to reflect the light away from residential lots and public streets. Light standards shall be protected from vehicular traffic by curbing or landscaping.
4. 
Distance to street line. No parking space in a surface parking facility for a nonresidential use shall be closer than 10 feet to the right-of-way line of a public street, excluding vehicle overhang, except that in the C.T. District of Towson such setback is not required if the parking facility is screened from the street in accordance with the Landscape Manual.
5. 
Dead ends. All dead-end aisles shall be designed to provide sufficient backup area for the end parking spaces.
6. 
All parking spaces must be striped. Striping shall be maintained so as to remain visible.
B. 
Business or industrial parking in residential zones.
1. 
Upon application, the Zoning Commissioner may issue a use permit for the use of land in a residential zone for parking facilities to meet the requirements of Section 409.6, under the following procedure:
a. 
On the property in question, notice of the application for the use permit shall be conspicuously posted for a period of 15 days following the filing of the application.
b. 
Within the fifteen-day posting period, any interested person may file a formal request for a public hearing with the Zoning Commissioner in accordance with Section 500.7.
c. 
If a formal request for a public hearing is not filed, the Zoning Commissioner, without a public hearing, may grant a use permit for parking in a residential zone if the proposed use meets all the requirements of Section 409.8.B.2. The use permit may be issued with such conditions or restrictions as determined appropriate by the Zoning Commissioner to satisfy the provisions of Section 409.8.B.2 below and to ensure that the parking facility will not be detrimental to the health, safety or general welfare of the surrounding community.
d. 
If a formal request for a public hearing is filed, the Zoning Commissioner shall schedule a date for the public hearing, such hearing to be held not less than 30 days and not more than 90 days from the date of filing of the request for public hearing.
e. 
Following the public hearing, the Zoning Commissioner may either deny or grant a use permit conditioned upon:
(1) 
His findings following the public hearing;
(2) 
The character of the surrounding community and the anticipated impact of the proposed use on that community;
(3) 
The manner in which the requirements of Section 409.8.B.2 and other applicable requirements are met; and
(4) 
Any additional requirements as deemed necessary by the Zoning Commissioner in order to ensure that the parking facility will not be detrimental to the health, safety or general welfare of the surrounding community and as are deemed necessary to satisfy the objectives of Section 502.1 of these regulations.
2. 
In addition to all other applicable requirements, such parking facilities shall be subject to the following conditions:
a. 
The land so used must adjoin or be across an alley or street from the business or industry involved.
b. 
Only passenger vehicles, excluding buses, may use the parking facility.
c. 
No loading, service or any use other than parking shall be permitted.
d. 
Lighting shall be regulated as to location, direction, hours of illumination, glare and intensity, as required.
e. 
A satisfactory plan showing parking arrangement and vehicular access must be provided.
f. 
Method and area of operation, provision for maintenance and permitted hours of use shall be specified and regulated as required.
g. 
Any conditions not listed above which, in the judgment of the Zoning Commissioner, are necessary to ensure that the parking facility will not be detrimental to adjacent properties.
3. 
Notwithstanding the provisions contained in Subsections B.1 and B.2, in a Commercial Revitalization District, business parking in residential zones is permitted by right if there is an existing parking facility.
[Bill No. 36-2013]
C. 
Requirements for parking bays on a street. Parking bays on a street are subject to the following requirements and all applicable requirements of the Department of Public Works:
1. 
The length of any parking bay (measured along the right-of-way) shall not exceed 180 feet. All bays must be separated by a divider which is at least 10 feet in width.
2. 
Parking bays may not be located on any street where the average daily traffic exceeds 800 vehicles.
D. 
Paving standards for trucking facility sites.
1. 
Applicability. The provisions set forth below are adopted to regulate paving on the sites of both Class I and Class II trucking facilities.
2. 
Standard. All parking, loading, maneuvering and aisle areas and all areas for the storage of empty containers and empty trailers must be paved and maintained with:
a. 
A bituminous concrete surface over a suitable base;
b. 
A portland-cement concrete surface over a suitable base; or
c. 
Two or more applications of bituminous surface treatment over a suitable base.
3. 
Access to storage areas. All trucking facilities must be designed to provide access to storage areas via paved access aisles.
4. 
Engineering certification. A registered engineer of appropriate qualifications must certify that the paving, base and soil of all parking, loading, maneuvering, aisle and storage areas will withstand the loads imposed by expected truck traffic and storage activities.

§ 409.9 Provisions for physically handicapped.

Parking spaces for handicapped persons shall be provided in accordance with the standards specified in the Maryland Building Code for the Handicapped, as contained in the Code of Maryland Regulations, Section 05.01.07.

§ 409.10 Requirements for drive-through facilities.

A. 
For uses with drive-through facilities, stacking spaces for vehicles waiting to complete a transaction shall be provided in addition to the parking spaces required by Section 409.6. Each stacking space shall be at least 20 feet in length. The stacking space requirement shall not include the space next to the transaction station. The following are the minimum number of required stacking spaces by type use:
Use Required Stacking Spaces
Automotive service station As required in Section 405
Bank 5 for the first station, plus 2 for each additional station
Car wash As required in Section 419
Restaurant, fast food 7 per station, 5 of which must be behind the order board
[Bill No. 110-1993]
Restaurant, fast food, drive-through only Single drive-through lane: 10 if walkup window is provided; 12 if there is no walkup window
[Bill No. 110-1993]
Double drive-through lane: 16 with no less than 5 stacking spaces per lane if walkup window is provided; 20 with no less than 5 per lane if there is no walkup window.
[Bill No. 110-1993]
Other uses As determined by the Zoning Commissioner
B. 
The drive-through lane shall be distinctly marked by special striping or pavement markings and shall not block entry to or exit from off-street parking spaces otherwise required on the site. The drive-through lane may not cross the principal pedestrian access to the facility, except that, in the case of a drive-through only restaurant with two drive-through lanes, the drive-through lanes are permitted to cross the pedestrian access if a painted crosswalk in association with warning signs for pedestrians and motorists is provided. The crosswalk may not be located between vehicle stacking spaces.
[Bill No. 110-1993]

§ 409.11 Off-street loading.

For any building used for commercial or industrial purposes, adequate space for off-street parking to accommodate the loading and unloading of materials shall be provided, consistent with the size and proposed use of the building. Such space, whether inside or outside a building, shall be in addition to the parking spaces required by Subsection 409.6 and shall be located and designed so as not to impede normal vehicular circulation.

§ 409.12 Other requirements.

A. 
The off-street parking requirements in Section 409 shall supersede any off-street parking requirements adopted pursuant to the authority of Section 504.
B. 
If the requirements for parking space or loading space in Section 409 would create an undue hardship, the Zoning Commissioner may approve a modified plan upon petition and after a public hearing, the procedure for which is set forth in Section 409.8.B.1 above.

§ 409.13 Reduction of parking requirements for large shopping centers.

[Bill No. 45-2012]
In order to prevent the establishment of a greater number of parking spaces than is actually required to serve the needs of shopping centers with 100,000 square feet or more of gross leasable area, a reduction of the number of required off-street parking spaces is permitted. On application, the Director of Permits, Approvals and Inspections may reduce the number of required parking spaces by up to 40% if the following procedures and conditions are satisfied:
A. 
The applicant shall submit a certified site plan and documentary evidence of reduced parking needs to the Director. The site plan shall show all existing site improvements and proposed changes. The applicant's submittal shall be distributed to the Department of Planning and the Department of Environmental Protection and Sustainability for review and recommendations.
B. 
In determining whether to grant any parking reduction, the Director may prescribe any site improvements that are appropriate for the proper function of the shopping center or that are in the public interest. Site improvements may include:
1. 
Changes that will create a more attractive and pleasing appearance, such as additional or enhanced screening and landscaping, enhancement of building elevations, elimination or replacement of excessive or unsightly signage, and creation of an attractive cohesive architectural design.
2. 
Modification of existing vehicular access arrangements, such as changing the location or design of a vehicular entrance or changes to internal circulation design to provide safer conditions for motorists.
3. 
Creation of a safe and pedestrian-friendly environment, including the provision of bicycle amenities such as bike racks, and connections to adjacent neighborhoods.
4. 
Enhancement of accessibility for the disabled.
5. 
Replacement of existing outdoor lighting fixtures to eliminate or reduce the impacts of glare, light trespass, and excessive illumination.
6. 
Provision of amenity open space that is designed and intended to be used by the general public.
7. 
Incorporation of sustainable practices that will reduce the environmental impact of buildings or associated site improvements. Sustainable practices include:
a. 
Application of best management practices, such as the use of bioswales, stormwater management tree planters, structural soils and porous paving.
b. 
Proper installation of shade trees to mitigate the heat island effect from paved surfaces.
C. 
After consideration of agency recommendations, the Director may grant a parking reduction. The parking space reduction may not exceed 40% of the number of parking spaces otherwise required by Section 409. Any prior reduction of parking space requirements through the grant of a variance (if still applicable) shall be considered the required amount of parking for the purpose of calculating the requested reduction.
D. 
If a parking space reduction is approved by the Director, with any required changes to existing or proposed site improvements, the site plan shall be revised to be consistent with the approval by the Director.
E. 
If a parking reduction is granted, the shopping center may not be enlarged or increased in intensity unless application is made and approved for a new or revised parking space reduction.

§ 409.14 Bicycle parking.

[Bill No. 38-2013[1]]
A. 
General requirements. Bicycle parking shall be provided and installed as part of all new construction projects (excluding single-family detached residential) and remodeling projects of over 50% expansion in the C.T. District of Towson, the Loch Raven Commercial Revitalization District, the Perry Hall Commercial Revitalization District, the Catonsville Commercial Revitalization District, the Arbutus Commercial Revitalization District, the Lansdowne Commercial Revitalization District, the Baltimore National Pike Commercial Revitalization District, and as part of new commercial structures in the Honeygo area as follows:
[Bill No. 48-2013]
1. 
The minimum amount of bicycle parking required shall be determined by multiplying the total number of off-street parking spaces required for the applicable use set forth in Section 409.6 by .04 (4%).
2. 
If the calculation is determined to be a number less than .5 space, then providing and installing bicycle parking is optional.
3. 
In all other cases, the amount of bicycle parking required shall be the next highest whole number.
B. 
Location. Bicycle parking shall be located:
1. 
On the same lot as the principal use;
2. 
In a manner that prevents damage to bicycles by motor vehicles;
3. 
In a convenient, highly visible, active, well-lit area;
4. 
In a manner that does not interfere with pedestrian movements; and
5. 
As near the principal entrance of the building as practical.
C. 
Design features. Bicycle parking racks or facilities shall be permanent fixtures on the property, and shall be consistent with the surroundings in color and design, and shall whenever possible be incorporated into building or street furniture design. Bicycle parking shall also be designed to:
1. 
Allow each bicycle to be supported by its frame;
2. 
Allow the frame and wheels of each bicycle to be secured against theft and to avoid damage to the bicycles;
3. 
Be anchored in a manner that resists rust or corrosion, or removal by vandalism; and
4. 
Facilitate easy locking without interfering with adjacent bicycles.
D. 
The provisions of this section may not be waived, except that a variance may be granted, consistent with the provisions of Section 307.1, only upon a finding that the bicycle parking rack or facility cannot be located on the same lot as the principal use and must be located on a property within at least 300 feet of the principal use lot or on publicly owned land by agreement with the property owner.
[1]:
Editor's Note: The provisions adopted by this bill, as amended by Bill No. 48-2013, were originally designated as § 409.13 but were renumbered as § 409.14 at the direction of the County Attorney to avoid duplicate section numbers.