Village of Washingtonville, NY
Orange County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Washingtonville 6-5-1972. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES

Filling and grading — See Ch. 88.

Streets and sidewalks — See Ch. 148.

Subdivision of land — See Ch. 150.

Zoning — See Ch. 175.

§ A181-1
Purpose. 

§ A181-2
Certification by engineer. 

§ A181-3
Preparation and submission of street plans; easements. 

§ A181-4
Alteration of approved plans. 

§ A181-5
Bonds. 

§ A181-6
Classification of streets. 

§ A181-7
Monuments and construction stakes. 

§ A181-8
Clearing or grubbing. 

§ A181-9
Excavation, filling and rough grading. 

§ A181-10
Groundwater. 

§ A181-11
Curbs and sidewalks. 

§ A181-12
Foundation course (granular material). 

§ A181-13
Base course. 

§ A181-14
Binder course. 

§ A181-15
Surface course. 

§ A181-16
Conformity with state specifications. 

§ A181-17
Conflict of provisions. 

A181a Figure 1

§ A181-1 Purpose.

It is the purpose of these specifications to establish minimum acceptable standards of street construction for subdivisions which have been established by the Village of Washingtonville to conform to legal requirements in the State of New York, which requirements and standards must be met and paid for by the person or firm proposing that the village take over such road as a village road. These specifications include but are not limited to width, design, drainage, construction of base and pavement, curbs and monuments. Dedication of the right-of-way will not be accepted until the developer's professional engineer and the Village Engineer shall have certified to the Village Board, in writing, that the construction of the street or road has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications that follow and that the total right-of-way area has been cleared of all debris and all construction completed in a workmanlike manner. When new road rights-of-way are offered to the village for dedication, two copies of the final plan and deed description of the right-of-way shall be submitted to the County Superintendent of Highways for approval.

§ A181-2 Certification by engineer.

In his written certification, as required above, the developer's professional engineer shall state clearly that he or his authorized representative has inspected all phases of the street construction and that all work has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications.

§ A181-3 Preparation and submission of street plans; easements.

A. 

A plan of the proposed street shall be prepared by a qualified professional engineer or qualified land surveyor licensed by the State of New York. The plan shall clearly define the limits of the proposed right-of-way by metes and bounds and shall include the location, widths, profiles and grades of the proposed roadway, storm drainage, including culverts and other drainage structures, and the location of all easements and utilities. The plans shall also indicate the owner of property and the name of the developer if other than the owner. One copy each of the plans shall be submitted to the Village Engineer at the time of application to make such road a village road and to the County Superintendent of Highways when said proposed street drains toward, intersects or may otherwise affect a county highway. It will then be submitted to the Village Planning Board for review and approval under the applicable subdivision regulations of the village. Such roadway must not be subject to any right or easement in others which will in any way interfere with its use as a road at all times. Such roadway must be granted to the village by a full covenant and warranty deed containing the correct metes and bounds description as shown on the approved map, which deed must be in such form as may be required to entitle the same to be recorded in the office of the County Clerk of Orange County, and the filing fees must be paid by the application.

B. 

Permanent and temporary easements must be furnished in said deed granting to the village the right to maintain all outlets for surface water or natural stream drainage which will run from such roadway over private property to a point where a natural watercourse exists and to which such outlet and easement will carry such water. A minimum of a twenty-foot width of easement shall be required for the maintenance of said easements.

C. 

The proposed roadway must be constructed to conform to the minimum requirements and standards set forth below. The minimum width to be cleared shall include all trees, rock formations, buildings, walls and any such things that would endanger those using such roadway. The removal of such obstructions shall be borne by the person or firm proposing such road.

§ A181-4 Alteration of approved plans.

Plans submitted shall not be altered or amended after having been approved by the village unless amended plans are resubmitted and approved. However, the developer, at his own expense, shall provide additional storm drainage facilities or utilities as may be ordered by the Village Engineer, if during the course of construction, in the opinion of the Village Engineer and/or the County Superintendent of Highways, such additional structures or facilities are necessary to prevent any need for future installations of utilities or culverts with the pavement area, to assure the durability of pavement, future maintenance of right-of-way or welfare and safety of the public, except that the Village Planning Board may vary the requirements of such an order where there are practical difficulties in the way of carrying out to the letter of such order, unless any such variance conflicts with provisions of a town or county official drainage map, in which event the official map shall prevail. If construction of said road has not been started within one year from the date of final approval by the Village Planning Board, plans shall be resubmitted and approved as above.

§ A181-5 Bonds.

A. 

Performance bonds. Prior to the start of construction of any street, the developer shall deposit with the Village Clerk a performance bond of acceptable surety or shall deposit with the chief fiscal officer of the village acceptable negotiable government bonds, cash or certified check drawn upon a national or state bank, payable at sight to the Village Board, guaranteeing:

(1) 

The developer will complete all construction within the right-of-way including roadway, shoulders, curbs, gutters, storm drainage, etc., and all utilities including hydrants and house connections for each lot in accordance with the approved plans and these specifications and that all claims for labor and materials, in connection with said construction, have been paid in full prior to offering said road for dedication to the village.

(2) 

That, upon certification by the developer's professional engineer and by the Village Engineer that the construction of the street has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications, the developer will dedicate the completed street to the village for use as a public highway free and clear of all liens and encumbrances. This guaranty of dedication shall apply to the owner of the property as well as the developer, where the two are not synonymous.

B. 

Maintenance bonds.

(1) 

Prior to acceptance by the village of the dedication of the street as guaranteed by Subsection A(2) above, the developer shall deposit with the Village Clerk a maintenance bond of acceptable surety or shall deposit with the chief fiscal officer of the village acceptable negotiable government bonds, cash or certified check drawn upon a national or state bank, payable at sight to the Village Board, guaranteeing that for a period of one year from the date of acceptance of the dedication of the street by the village, the developer will maintain the street to the standard of construction set by these specifications, normal wear and tear excepted. This shall be interpreted to mean that the developer will, at his own expense, repair and make good any defects or damage which may develop during this maintenance period as a result of faulty construction within the right-of-way or as a result of other construction by the developer outside the right-of-way. During the maintenance period, the village shall be responsible for snow and ice control, street cleaning, cleaning of culverts and catch basins and other work of similar routine nature, provided that such work has in no way been caused by the developer's operations.

(2) 

The amount of the maintenance bond shall be at least equal to 10% of the original amount of the performance bond.

(3) 

Subsequent to the dedication of the street and after receipt of the maintenance bond, the Village Board shall release the performance bond.

§ A181-6 Classification of streets.

A. 

The Village Planning Board shall determine and designate into which of the two following classifications each proposed subdivision street falls on the basis of one or more of the criteria hereinafter set forth.

(1) 

Suburban-type streets.

(a) 

Collector.

(b) 

Local.

(2) 

Rural-type streets.

(a) 

Collector.

(b) 

Local.

B. 

Final plans shall be drawn to show and the developer shall construct each street in accordance with the particular specifications for its designated classification as hereinafter set forth as well as in accordance with the specifications common to all classifications.

C. 

Determining criteria.

(1) 

Suburban-type streets.

(a) 

The proposed street will serve residential subdivisions with lot size less than 40,000 square feet and with more than 10 lots to be developed in the subdivision; or

(b) 

The proposed street is to be used for commercial or industrial purposes.

(2) 

Rural-type streets. The proposed street will serve residential subdivisions with lot size of 40,000 square feet or more, or with smaller lot sizes if not more than 10 lots are to be developed in the subdivision, and where rezoning to smaller lot size is not designated in Chapter 175, Zoning, or contemplated in the Comprehensive Plan.

D. 

Width of roads.

(1) 

Suburban.

Type of Road Right-of-Way (feet) Pavement (feet)
Collector 60 40
Local access 50 30
(2) 

Rural.

Type of Road Right-of-Way (feet) Pavement (feet)
Collector 50 30
Local access 50 24

§ A181-7 Monuments and construction stakes.

A. 

Development of right-of-way and monuments. The developer shall establish and clearly mark on site the limits of road right-of-way and easements with concrete monuments and the center line and grades of the finished road pavement and the location and elevations of drainage structures as shown on the approved plans with construction stakes. Such construction stakes shall be maintained, at the developer's expense, until the construction of road pavement, drainage structures, curbs, sidewalks and shoulders has been completed, inspected and approved by the Village Engineer.

B. 

Permanent concrete monuments shall be set on right-of-way lines of streets at all intersections, angle points, points of curvature and beginning and end of streets. There shall be a clear view of adjacent monuments on the right-of-way line. All monuments shall exist on completion of the construction of the streets. The permanent markers shall be made of concrete or granite with minimum dimensions of 30 inches long, four-inch square top and six-inch square bottom with a one-half-inch drilled hole in the top with brass plug inserted. If a monument should be located in a rock ledge, the surface shall be stripped and a one-half-inch steel rod drilled into the ledge. Monuments shall protrude three inches above the final graded surface.

C. 

The developer's engineer or licensed surveyor shall certify that the location of all monuments is accurate before acceptance of the street by the Village Board.

§ A181-8 Clearing or grubbing.

A. 

The developer shall clear the entire area within the limits of:

(1) 

The road right-of-way.

(2) 

Stream channels and ditches.

(3) 

Easement areas (as determined by the Village Engineer).

B. 

All stumps, roots, walls and buildings shall be excavated and removed from the above areas.

§ A181-9 Excavation, filling and rough grading.

A. 

The developer shall complete the shaping of the road right-of-way, streams and ditches and easement areas to the line and grade as shown on the approved plans and as otherwise may be directed by the Village Engineer. In the construction of the roadway, all topsoil, loam, rocks and organic material shall be removed until a satisfactory subbase is established. In fills of less than three feet, all topsoil shall be excavated and removed. All fills shall be made with acceptable material as approved by the Village Engineer. Such fills shall be made in layers of not more than 18 inches each and properly compacted with an approved self-propelled roller weighing not less than 10 tons.

B. 

The subgrade shall be shaped to line and grade with no depressions. Any soft or unstable portions of the subgrade which develop under the roller shall be completely excavated and removed from the right-of-way and shall be replaced with acceptable granular material and the area regraded and compacted as above. No large stones or rock ledges shall protrude into the foundation course.

C. 

Also, before the curbs and foundation course are laid, all storm and sanitary sewers and all utilities, including house connections for existing and future homes, hydrants, gas, electric and telephone lines, shall have been installed to the satisfaction of the Village Engineer. All slopes and sidewalk areas shall be graded before the foundation course is made and all loose and exposed stones will be removed.

§ A181-10 Groundwater.

If, in the opinion of the Village Engineer, it is necessary to intercept and carry away groundwater within the limits of the right-of-way to protect the stability of the roadbed, curb or sidewalk areas, the subdrainage required by the Village Engineer shall be installed. Perforated pipe or porous wall pipe having a minimum diameter of four inches, encased in 12 inches of three-fourths-inch clean crushed stone or crushed gravel, shall be used for such purpose in an amount deemed necessary by the Village Engineer.

§ A181-11 Curbs and sidewalks.

Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
A. 

On all streets, six-inch portland cement concrete curbs shall be constructed in accordance with NYSDOT Section 609 on both sides of the street prior to laying street pavement to the dimensions shown in Figure 1.

Editor's Note: Figure 1 is included at the end of this chapter.
A base course of six inches minimum of one-half-inch to three-fourths-inch crushed stone or gravel shall be laid under all curbing. Approved mechanical vibrators shall be used in the placement of concrete.

B. 

Portland cement concrete sidewalks four inches thick shall be constructed in accordance with NYSDOT Section 608. A base course of six inches minimum thickness of one-half-inch to three-fourths-inch crushed stone or gravel shall be laid under all sidewalks. Concrete driveway entrances shall be constructed to a minimum thickness of six inches.

C. 

Sidewalks shall be five feet in width, with transverse joints scored every five feet. Scored joints shall be made to a depth of 3/4 inch and the edges shall be finished with a one-fourth-inch radius edging tool. Transverse construction joints shall extend to the full depth or the slab and shall be spaced at 20 feet apart. The edges of these joints shall be finished with a one-fourth-inch radius edging tool. A premoulded five-sixteenths-inch thick resilient joint filler meeting the requirements of NYSDOT Section 705-07 shall be installed at all construction joints as well as joints between sidewalk and curb, pavement, building, etc. All concrete sidewalk shall be reinforced with wire mesh as per New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) standards.

D. 

All exposed concrete surfaces on concrete sidewalks shall be finished so as to present a smooth surface and then lightly broomed to a uniform texture.

E. 

At least two standard concrete testing cylinders must be prepared and tested at 28 days for each day's placement of concrete. Test reports shall be filed at the office of the Village Engineer. The developer, at his own expense, shall replace any curbing that has settled, cracked, scaled or has become damaged in any way by the developer before and within the one-year maintenance period after dedication. Curbs shall be depressed four inches at all driveways. Stone curbs or precast curbs may be substituted on approval of the Village Engineer.

§ A181-12 Foundation course (granular material).

A. 

After the rough grade and all the curbs have been constructed to the satisfaction of the Village Engineer, the developer shall furnish and place a foundation course of approved run-of-bank gravel, crusher run stone or crusher run gravel to the minimum depth of eight inches. All materials acceptable for this course shall be hard, durable and sound and shall be well graded from coarse to fine, the maximum diameter of the large particles not exceeding three inches, with not more than 70% by weight passing the No. 40 mesh sieve and not more than 10% by weight passing the No. 200 sieve. A certified analysis of granular material will be filed with the Village Engineer.

B. 

The materials shall be placed on the finished subgrade by means of mechanical spreaders and shall be thoroughly compacted by rolling with a self-propelled ten-ton roller. Water shall be added to the materials in such amounts as the Village Engineer may consider necessary for proper compaction. After compaction, the course shall be true to grade and cross sections, and any depressions shall be eliminated by the use of additional granular materials, thoroughly rolled in place. In all cases, the foundation course must be so thoroughly compacted that it will not weave under the roller.

C. 

A minimum period of three months shall elapse between preparation of the foundation course and the laying of the base course to allow settlement. Any depressions which appear in this period shall be filled and compacted as required for the foundation course.

§ A181-13 Base course.

Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.

After the consolidation period has passed for the foundation course, a base course of three-inch compacted thickness shall be placed. This course shall consist of plant mix bituminous concrete conforming to NYSDOT specification for Item 403.11, Type 1, base course.

§ A181-14 Binder course.

Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.

Within one month after laying the base course, a binder course of two-inch compacted thickness shall be placed. This course shall consist of plant mix bituminous concrete conforming to the NYSDOT specifications for Item 403.13, Type 3, binder course.

§ A181-15 Surface course.

Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
A. 

The surface shall not be applied until all heavy trucking for building or site construction purposes is completed. Prior to application of the surface course, the binder course shall be cleaned of all loose and foreign material by brooming or other satisfactory method. Where deemed necessary by the Village Engineer, a truing and leveling course conforming to Item 403.21 of the NYSDOT specifications shall be placed.

B. 

The surface course shall consist of one-inch compacted thickness of plant mix bituminous concrete conforming to Item 403.1701, Type 6F, top course.

§ A181-16 Conformity with state specifications.

Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.

All placing, mixing, rolling and tolerances of materials shall be in conformity with the NYSDOT specifications and the following:

A. 

Bituminous concrete shall only be drawn from New York State approved plants. Certification of mix for each batch shall be provided to the Village Engineer.

B. 

Only asphalt paving machines consisting of a tractor unit and a screed unit shall be used to spread the base course, binder course, the truing course, if necessary, and the surface course.

§ A181-17 Conflict of provisions.

These specifications take precedence over any conflicting requirements of the Village of Washingtonville Subdivision Regulations dated and adopted June 6, 1960, by the Washingtonville Village Board of Trustees.

Editor's Note: See Ch. 150, Subdivision of Land.