City of Creve Coeur, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 370.010 Bicycle and Motorized Bicycle — Defined.

As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall mean:
BICYCLE
Every vehicle propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels, or two (2) parallel wheels and one (1) or two (2) forward or rear wheels, all of which are more than fourteen (14) inches in diameter, except scooters and similar devices.
MOTORIZED BICYCLE
Any two- or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor with a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground. A motorized bicycle shall be considered a motor vehicle for purposes of any homeowners' or renters' insurance policy.
OPERATOR
Every person who is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle upon a highway.

Section 370.020 Brakes Required.

Every bicycle and motorized bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which will enable its driver to stop the bicycle or motorized bicycle within twenty-five (25) feet from a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.

Section 370.030 Lights and Reflectors — When Required — Standards To Be Met.

A. 
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle when in use on a street or highway during the period from one-half (½) hour after sunset to one-half (½) hour before sunrise shall be equipped with the following:
1. 
A front-facing lamp on the front or carried by the rider which shall emit a white light visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway at five hundred (500) feet;
2. 
A rear-facing red reflector, at least two (2) square inches in reflective surface area, or a rear-facing red lamp on the rear which shall be visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lower beams of vehicle headlights at six hundred (600) feet;
3. 
Reflective material and/or lights on any part of the bicyclist's pedals, crank arms, shoes or lower leg visible from the front and the rear at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at two hundred (200) feet; and
4. 
Reflective material and/or lights visible on each side of the bicycle or bicyclist and visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at three hundred (300) feet. The provisions of this Subsection shall not apply to motorized bicycles which comply with National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration regulations relating to reflectors on motorized bicycles.

Section 370.040 Rights and Duties of Bicycle and Motorized Bicycle Riders.

Every person riding a bicycle or motorized bicycle upon a street or highway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle as provided by Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, except as to special regulations in this Chapter, and except as to those provisions of Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, which by their nature can have no application.

Section 370.050 Riding To Right — Required For Bicycles and Motorized Bicycles — Mandatory Use of Bicycle Path By Bicycles.

A. 
Every person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as safe, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction, except when making a left turn, when avoiding hazardous conditions, when the lane is too narrow to share with another vehicle, or when on a one-way street. Bicyclists may ride abreast when not impeding other vehicles.
B. 
Whenever a usable path for bicycles practical for sustained riding for transportation purposes has been provided adjacent to a roadway, riders shall use such path and shall not use the roadway.

Section 370.060 Bicycle To Operate On The Shoulder Adjacent To Roadway, When — Roadway Defined.

A. 
A person operating a bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway may operate as described in Section 370.050 of this Chapter or may operate on the shoulder adjacent to the roadway.
B. 
A bicycle operated on a roadway, or the shoulder adjacent to a roadway, shall be operated in the same direction as vehicles are required to be driven upon the roadway.
C. 
For purposes of this Section and Section 370.050, "roadway" means that portion of a street or highway ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder.

Section 370.070 Bicycle Required To Give Hand or Mechanical Signals.

The operator of a bicycle shall signal as required in Section 340.190 of this Title, except that a signal by the hand and arm need not be given continuously if the hand is needed to control or operate the bicycle. An operator of a bicycle intending to turn the bicycle to the right shall signal as indicated in Section 340.190 of this Title or by extending such operator's right arm in a horizontal position so that the same may be seen in front and in rear of the vehicle.

Section 370.080 Penalty For Violation.

Any person seventeen (17) years of age or older who violates any provision of this Chapter is guilty of an ordinance violation and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars ($5.00) nor more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00). If any person under seventeen (17) years of age violates any provision of this Chapter in the presence of a Police Officer, said officer may impound the bicycle or motorized bicycle involved for a period not to exceed five (5) days upon issuance of a receipt to the child riding it or to its owner.

Section 370.090 Motorized Bicycles — License Required.

A. 
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless the person has a valid license to operate a motor vehicle.
B. 
Violation of this Section shall be deemed an infraction.

Section 370.100 Equipment Required.

No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless it is equipped in accordance with the minimum requirements for construction and equipment of MOPEDS, Regulation VESC-17, approved July, 1977, as promulgated by the Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission.

Section 370.110 Carrying Articles.

[R.O. 2008 §16-473; Ord. No. 977 §1(11.6), 1-5-1981]
No person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the use of both hands in the control and operation of the bicycle or motorized bicycle. A person operating the bicycle or motorized bicycle shall keep at least one (1) hand on the handlebars at all times.

Section 370.120 Inspecting Bicycles or Motorized Bicycles.

[R.O. 2008 §16-456; Ord. No. 977 §1(11.11), 1-5-1981]
A uniformed City Police Officer may, at any time upon reasonable cause to believe that a bicycle or motorized bicycle is unsafe or not equipped as required by law or that its equipment is not in proper adjustment or repair, require the person riding the bicycle or motorized bicycle to stop and submit the bicycle or motorized bicycle to an inspection and such test with reference thereto as may be appropriate.

Section 370.130 Bicycle Helmet Required.

[R.O. 2008 §16-457; Ord. No. 2049 §3, 1-24-2000; Ord. No. 5397 §1, 10-27-2014]
A. 
Every person operating or being a passenger on a bicycle or motorized bicycle or using in-line skates, roller skates, a skateboard, a scooter, or similar wheeled device on a public roadway, public bicycle path or other public rights-of-way shall wear a bicycle helmet of good fit, fastened securely upon the head with the straps of the helmet.
B. 
No person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle or using in-line skates, roller skates, a skateboard, a scooter, or similar wheeled device on a public roadway, public bicycle path or other public rights-of-way shall allow anyone to ride as a passenger unless the passenger is wearing a bicycle helmet of good fit, fastened securely upon the head with the straps of the helmet, or else is in an enclosed trailer or other device properly attached to a bicycle which meets or exceeds current nationally recognized standards of design and manufacture for the protection of the passenger's head from impacts in an accident without the need for a helmet.
C. 
No parent, custodian or legal guardian of a person age sixteen (16) and under shall knowingly permit said person to operate or be a passenger on a bicycle or motorized bicycle or to use in-line skates, roller skates, a skateboard, a scooter, or similar wheeled device, without wearing a bicycle helmet of good fit, fastened securely upon the head with the straps of the helmet.
D. 
No person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle on a public roadway, public bicycle path or other public right-of-way shall allow anyone who is either four (4) years old or younger, weighing forty (40) pounds or less, to ride as a passenger on the bicycle or motorized bicycle other than in a seat which shall adequately retain the passenger in place and protect the passenger from the bicycle's or motorized bicycle's moving parts.
E. 
A person regularly engaged in the business of renting bicycles, motorized bicycles, in-line skates, roller skates, skateboards, scooters, or similar wheeled devices shall require each person seeking to rent one (1) or more of these items to provide his/her signature either on the rental form or on a separate form indicating both of the following:
1. 
Receipt of a written explanation of the provisions of this Section and the penalties for violations as provided in Code Section 100.090.
2. 
A statement concerning whether the person will be an operator or passenger on the bicycle, motorized bicycle, in-line skates, roller skates, skateboard, scooter, or similar wheeled device in an area where the use of a bicycle helmet is required.
F. 
A person regularly engaged in the business of selling or renting bicycles, motorized bicycles, in-line skates, roller skates, skateboards, scooters, or similar wheeled devices shall provide a bicycle helmet to any person who will be an operator or passenger on the bicycle, motorized bicycle, in-line skates, roller skates, skateboard, scooter, or similar wheeled device in an area requiring a bicycle helmet, if the person does not already have a helmet in his/her possession. A reasonable fee may be charged for the bicycle helmet rental.
G. 
Any operator or passenger found to be in violation of this Section may be issued an equipment violation notice as prescribed on a Missouri Uniform Complaint and Summons. The person responsible for payment of the violation may have the violation dismissed, if it is his/her first such notice of violation and the person submits a receipt for a proof of purchase of a bicycle helmet along with the helmet to the Creve Coeur Police Department within five (5) calendar days of the date of the violation notice.
H. 
Fines assessed to juvenile violators [age sixteen (16) and under] will be the legal responsibility of the violator's parent, custodian or legal guardian; and therefore any summons issued as a result of a violation committed by such a juvenile shall be issued to the violator's parent, custodian or legal guardian.
I. 
This Section shall only apply to bicycles, motorized bicycles, in-line skates, roller skates, skateboards, scooters, and similar wheeled devices operated on a public roadway, public bicycle path or other public rights-of-way and not on private residential property.

Section 370.140 Riding  On  Motorized  Bicycle — Additional  Passenger — Requirements. [1]

[R.O. 2008 §16-468; Ord. No. 977 §1(11.4), 1-5-1981]
A. 
The operator of a motorized bicycle shall ride only astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto and shall not permit more than one (1) person to ride thereon at the same time, unless the motorized bicycle is designed to carry more than one (1) person. Any motorized bicycle designed to carry more than one (1) person must be equipped with a passenger seat and footrests for the use of a passenger.
B. 
No motorized bicycle may be operated on any public thoroughfare located within this City which has been designated as part of the Federal interstate highway system.
[1]
State Law Reference — Operation of motorized bicycles, §300.345(2), RSMo.

Section 370.150 Bicycles and Motorized Bicycles On Sidewalks. [1]

[R.O. 2008 §16-472; Ord. No. 977 §1(11.10), 1-5-1981; Ord. No. 1253 §1, 11-3-1987]
A. 
A person may not propel or operate a motorized bicycle on sidewalks or crosswalks.
B. 
A person propelling a bicycle upon and along a sidewalk or across a roadway upon and along a crosswalk shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrians and shall give audible signal before overtaking and passing such pedestrian.
C. 
A person shall not ride a bicycle upon and along a sidewalk or across a roadway upon and along a crosswalk, where such use of bicycles is prohibited by official traffic control devices.
D. 
A person propelling a bicycle upon and along a sidewalk or across a roadway upon and along a crosswalk shall have all the rights and duties applicable to a pedestrian under the same circumstances.
E. 
No person shall propel a bicycle, skateboard or operate a motorized vehicle of any type upon the fitness trail or grass area of Conway Park, except for authorized maintenance or emergency vehicles.
[1]
State Law Reference — Similar provisions, §300.347, RSMo.