Schedule of Bulk and Area Regulations. There is hereby established, at the end of this chapter, a Schedule of Bulk and Area Regulations for all zoning districts. Such schedule sets forth regulations applicable to the following area and use dimensions of a parcel: the area of lots; the heights of buildings; the yards and open spaces to be provided; the minimum floor area ratio; and required off-street parking spaces. Additional off-street loading and parking requirements are contained in Article IV; alternative area or use dimensions and additional regulations, including those related to conservation development and incentive zoning, are contained in Article V.
Density and net parcel size.
To calculate the density of a parcel and therefore the number of potential lots into which such parcel may be subdivided, if any, the applicant shall prepare and submit to the Planning Commission a proposed subdivision plat showing roads, recreation areas, lots meeting the minimum lot size and setback requirements. From that subdivision plat, the Planning Commission must determine the net parcel size by subtracting from the gross (total) parcel:
State-designated wetlands requiring issuance of a state wetland permit prior to alteration or use or wetlands that meet the criteria for classification as federal jurisdictional wetlands;
Land having slopes greater than 30%; and
Land subject to an easement or right-of-way, or road, unless the applicant has secured and submitted to the Planning Commission all necessary permits or approvals that would allow development in those areas.
Density shall be determined by applying the area and use dimensions, set forth in the Schedule of Bulk and Area Regulations, to the net parcel size. As a result of features unique to a parcel or lot, the Planning Commission may, through site plan or subdivision review, reduce density below the density otherwise permissible according to the application of the Schedule of Bulk and Area regulations to the net parcel size, as the Planning Commission deems necessary to protect the public health, safety and welfare.
Editor's Note: The Schedule of Bulk and Area Regulations for Residential Districts and the Schedule of Bulk and Area Regulations for Commercial and Industrial Districts are included at the end of this chapter.
Permitted accessory parking. Off-street parking spaces, open or enclosed, are permitted accessory to any use. In any residence district one commercial vehicle with no more than one-ton capacity may be parked, provided it belongs to residents therein and is not parked between the street line and the principal building.
Required off-street parking spaces. Accessory off-street parking spaces, open or enclosed, shall be provided for any lot as specified in § 325-18 and as specified for the particular uses listed below for such use in any district. Any land which is developed as a unit under single ownership and control shall be considered a single lot for the purpose of these regulations. Reasonable and appropriate off-street parking requirements for structures and uses which do not fall within the categories listed below shall be determined by the Planning Commission upon consideration of all factors entering into the parking needs of each use.
|Use||At Least 1 Parking Space for Each|
|Places of worship, libraries and other public buildings||300 square feet of floor area, but not less than 1 space for each 6 seats where provided|
|Schools||12 seats or students|
|Hospitals or sanitariums||3 beds|
|Rooming houses||Guest room|
|Eating and drinking places||3 seats|
|Undertakers||2 employees, plus 5 spaces for each chapel|
|Hotels or motels||Guest room|
|Bowling alleys||1/5 alley|
|Home occupation or professional office||3 spaces|
Areas computed as parking spaces. Areas which may be computed as open or enclosed off-street parking spaces include any private garage, carport or other area available for parking, other than a street or a driveway. However, a driveway within a required front yard for a one- or two-family residence may count as one parking space, other than on a corner lot as provided in § 325-22C.
Location and ownership of required accessory parking facilities. Required accessory parking spaces, open or enclosed, may be provided upon the same lot as the use to which they are accessory, or elsewhere, provided all spaces therein are located within 300 feet, walking distance, of such lot. In all cases such parking spaces shall conform to all the regulations of the district in which they are located; and in no event shall such parking spaces be located in any residence district unless the uses to which they are accessory are permitted in such district, or by special permission of the Zoning Board of Appeals. All such spaces shall be in the same ownership as the use to which they are accessory and shall be subject to deed restriction, approved by the Planning Commission and filed with the County Clerk, binding the owner and his heirs and assigns to maintain the required number of spaces available either throughout the existence of such use to which they are accessory or until such spaces are provided elsewhere.
Size of spaces. A parking space shall be 10 feet wide and 20 feet long, exclusive of standing area and aisles for maneuvering. Entrance and exit roadways shall not be computed as parking spaces except for one-family and two-family residences as in § 325-19C. Overall area per parking space shall be computed at 300 square feet.
Access. Unobstructed access to and from a street shall be provided. Such access shall consist of at least one ten-foot lane for parking areas with 20 spaces or more.
Drainage and surfacing. All open parking areas shall be properly drained and all such areas shall be provided with a dustless surface, except for parking spaces accessory to a one-family or two-family residence.
Joint facilities. Required parking spaces, open or enclosed, may be provided in areas designed to serve jointly two or more establishments, whether or not located on the same lot, provided that the number of required spaces in such joint facilities shall be not less than the total required for all such establishments.
Combined spaces. When any lot contains two or more uses having different parking requirements, the parking requirements for each use shall apply to the extent of that use. Where it can be conclusively demonstrated that one or more such uses will be generating a demand for parking spaces primarily during periods when other use or uses is not or are not in operation, the Planning Commission may reduce the total parking spaces required for the use with the least requirement.
Screening. Where required off-street parking areas of over 10 spaces are coincident with or lie within 25 feet of street or property lines, suitable screening shall be required as approved by the Planning Commission.
Parking spaces in Multiple Residence R-3 and R-4 Districts. In R-3 and R-4 Districts, wherever space is provided for parking of 10 or more vehicles in the open, such spaces shall be individually identified by means of pavement markings and shall be screened as required by the Planning Commission. No parking space shall be located in any front yard or within three feet of any lot line in side or rear yards. The parking of motor vehicles within 15 feet of any wall or portion thereof of a three-or-more-family dwelling, which wall contains windows (other than bathroom or kitchen windows) with a sill height of less than eight feet above the level of the parking space, is prohibited. No service of any kind shall be permitted to be extended to users of the lot, including automobile service, repair or fueling, and no gasoline, oil, grease or other supplies shall be stored or sold in any such lot or in any garage on such lot.
Parking spaces adjacent to residence districts.
Wherever a parking lot abuts the side or rear lot line of a lot in a residence district or is located across the street from any residence district, the parking lot shall be screened as required by the Planning Commission.
Identification and directional signs for any such parking lot shall not exceed an area of three square feet each and shall be limited to such as are essential for the particular use.
Permitted accessory loading berths. Off-street loading berths, open or enclosed, are permitted accessory to any use except residences for one or two families. No off-street loading berth shall be located in a front yard.
Required off-street loading berths. Open or enclosed accessory loading berths shall be provided for any lot or any use specified herein. Any land which is developed as a unit under single ownership and control shall be considered a single lot for the purposes of such requirements.
For a public library, museum, art gallery or similar quasi-public institution, or governmental building, community center, hospital or sanitarium, nursing or convalescent home, institution for children or the aged, or school with floor area less than 10,000 square feet, one berth; for each additional 25,000 square feet or fraction thereof, one additional berth.
For buildings with professional, governmental or business offices, or laboratory establishments, with floor area of 5,000 to 25,000 square feet, one berth; for each additional 25,000 square feet or fraction thereof up to 100,000 square feet, one additional berth; for each additional 50,000 square feet or fraction thereof, one additional berth.
For buildings with offices and retail sales and service establishments, one berth for 5,000 to 25,000 square feet of floor area, and one additional berth for each additional 25,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof so used.
For undertakers, one berth for each chapel. (Such berths shall be at least 10 feet wide, 20 feet long and 7 1/2 feet high.)
For hotels or motels, one berth for each 25,000 square feet of floor area.
For manufacturing, wholesale and storage uses, and for dry-cleaning and rug-cleaning establishments and laundries, one berth for 5,000 to 10,000 square feet of floor area in such use, and one additional berth for each additional 10,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof so used.
Size, location and access. Unless otherwise specified, each required loading berth shall be at least 12 feet wide, 33 feet long and 14 feet high if enclosed. Unobstructed access, at least 10 feet wide, to and from a street, shall be provided. Such access may be combined with access to a parking lot. All permitted or required loading berths shall be on the same lot as the use to which they are accessory.
[Amended 12-13-1973 by L.L. No. 10-1973]
Joint facilities. Permitted or required loading berths, open or enclosed, may be provided in spaces designed to serve jointly two or more adjacent establishments, provided that the number of required berths in such joint facilities shall not be less than the total required for all such establishments.
Access near street corners. No entrance or exit for any accessory off-street parking area with over 10 parking spaces, nor any loading berth, shall be located within 50 feet of the intersection of any two street lines.
On lots divided by district boundaries. When a use is located on a lot which is partly in one district and partly in another district, the regulations for the district requiring the greater number of parking spaces or loading berths shall apply to all of the lot. Parking spaces or loading berths on such a lot may be located without regard to district lines, provided that no such parking spaces or loading berths shall be located in any residence district unless the use to which they are accessory is permitted in such district, or upon approval by the Planning Commission.
Driveways. No driveway shall provide access to a lot located in another district, which lot is used for any use prohibited in the district in which such driveway is located.
Trailers. The storage or parking and use of a trailer by any person or persons, except as hereinafter provided, is hereby prohibited in all districts of this chapter, except that:
Storage and parking of one trailer on an occupied lot in a residential district may be permitted, provided such trailer is not placed in use, is not within the required yards of the residential district, is secured in place and the door thereof is kept securely locked.
A temporary permit for the placing and use of a trailer on a lot may be issued by the Building Inspector in connection with any construction on that lot for which a building permit has been issued. Such permit shall be for a period of not greater than six months, but may be renewed at the discretion of the Building Inspector for an additional six-month period if work on said construction is proceeding diligently.