City of Haverhill, MA
Essex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

§ 255-20 Applicability of dimensional and density regulations.

The regulations for each district pertaining to minimum lot area, minimum lot frontage, minimum lot depth, minimum front yard depth, minimum side yard depth, minimum rear yard depth, maximum height of buildings, maximum number of stories, maximum building area, maximum floor area ratio and minimum open space shall be specified in this article and set forth in Table 2: Table of Dimensional and Density Regulations, and subject to the further provisions of this article. A fence, wall or other enclosure is not regulated except as provided in §§ 255-24 and 255-28 below and in Article V.

§ 255-21 Table 2: Table of Dimensional and Density Regulations.

[Amended 6-10-1992 by Doc. 52-C]
Table 2: Table of Dimensional and Density Regulations, as referenced and included on the accompanying pages, plus attached notes, is declared to be a part of this chapter.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Table 2: Table of Dimensional and Density Regulations is included at the end of this chapter.

§ 255-22 Reduction of lot areas.

The lot or yard areas required for any new building or use may not include any part of a lot that is required by any other building or use to comply with any provisions of this chapter, nor may these areas include any property of which the ownership has been transferred subsequent to the effective date of this chapter if such property was a part of the area required for compliance with the dimensional regulations applicable to the lot from which such transfer was made.

§ 255-23 Separation of lots.

Lots shall not be so separated or transferred in ownership so as not to comply with the provisions of this chapter.

§ 255-24 Screening and buffer area in I or C Districts.

A. 
A screening and buffer area shall be required in any I or C District which adjoin or abut an R or S District at the side or rear of the property. This screening must consist of any one of, or some combination of, the following:
[Amended 8-14-1973 by Doc. 188]
(1) 
A solid fence or wall not less than six feet in height.
(2) 
Evergreen shrubbery placed in two rows, with at least three feet between rows. There shall be at least three feet from the center line of the row adjacent to the lot line and said lot line. There shall be at least three feet from the center line of the row furthest from the lot line and the nearest paved area or building. The plants in each row shall be no more than four feet apart, and the plants in one row shall be staggered in relation to the plants in the other row. All plant materials shall be at least three feet in height at the time of planting and shall be maintained at maturity between five and six feet in height. Shrubbery shall be selected from the following:
(a) 
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry).
(b) 
Buxus sempervirenus suffruticosa (English boxwood).
(c) 
Ilex crenata rotundifolia (holly).
(d) 
Juniperus chinesis pfitzeriana (Pfitzer's juniper).
(e) 
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel).
(f) 
Pieris japonica (Japanese andromeda).
(g) 
Taxus cuspidata (Japanese yew).
(3) 
Trees (or large-scale shrubs) placed in two rows, with at least 10 feet between rows. There shall be at least six feet from the center line of the row adjacent to the lot line and said lot line. There shall be at least six feet from the center line of the row furthest from the lot line and the nearest paved area or building. The plants in each row shall be no more than 20 feet apart, and the plants in one row shall be staggered in relation to the plants in the other row. At least 1/2 of the selected trees for screening purposes under this method shall be of an evergreen variety. Such trees shall be at least three feet in height if of the evergreen variety or two-inch caliper if of the deciduous variety at the time of planting. Trees (or large-scale shrubs) shall be selected from the following:
[Amended 8-14-1973 by Doc. 188]
(a) 
Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive).
(b) 
Juniperus chinesis (Chinese juniper).
(c) 
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar).
(d) 
Ligustrum ovalifolium (California privet).
(e) 
Picea excelsa (Norway spruce).
(f) 
Pinus banksiana (pine).
(g) 
Pinus nigra austriala.
(h) 
Pinus resinosa.
(i) 
Pinus strobus.
(j) 
Populus grandidentata (aspen).
(k) 
Thuja occidentalis (American arbor vitae).
(l) 
Tsuga canadensis (hemlock).
(m) 
Tsuga caroliniana.
(n) 
Acer platanoides (Norway maple).
(o) 
Gleditsia triacanthos inermis (thornless honey locust).
(p) 
Phellodendron amurense (Amur cork tree).
(q) 
Sophora japonica (Chinese scholar).
(r) 
Tilia cordata (little leaf linden).
(s) 
Zelkova or Japanese keaki-zelkova serrata.
(t) 
Acer rubrum (red maple).
(u) 
Acer saccharum (sugar maple).
(v) 
Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo).
(w) 
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweet gum).
(x) 
Platanus acerifolia (london plane).
(y) 
Quercus alba (white oak).
(z) 
Quercus borealis (red oak).
(aa) 
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak).
(bb) 
Quercus palustris (pin oak).
(cc) 
Ulmus americana (American elm).
(dd) 
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood).
(ee) 
Crataegus oxycantha pauli (Paul's scarlet hawthorn).
(ff) 
Crataegus phaenopyrum cordate (Washington hawthorn).
(gg) 
Koelreutheria paniculata (gold rain tree).
(hh) 
Malus floribunda (Japanese flowering crabapple).
(ii) 
Prunus sargenti (sargent cherry).
(jj) 
Cornus kousa (Japanese dogwood).
(kk) 
Amelanchier canadensis (shadblow).
(ll) 
Betula alba (white birch or canoe birch).
(mm) 
Betula pendula (cutleaf weeping birch).
(nn) 
Betula papyrifera (clump birch).
(oo) 
Acer platanoides columnara (columnar Norway maple).
(pp) 
Acer saccharum columnara (columnar sugar maple).
(qq) 
Ginkgo biloba fastigiata (sentry ginkgo).
(rr) 
Tilia americana fastigiata (pyramidal American linden).
B. 
The screening required by this section shall be set back 15 feet from each front lot line. The required screening, whether fencing or plant materials, shall be maintained in good condition.
C. 
The use of existing plant material and/or natural topography or any other method of screening entirely different from or in combination with the above may be utilized, provided that written approval of same is obtained from both the City of Haverhill's Director of Natural Resources and Director of Planning and Development.
[Amended 8-14-1973 by Doc. 188]

§ 255-25 Preservation of natural vegetation and provision of street trees.

[Amended 8-14-1973 by Doc. 188; 1-14-1975 by Doc. 357/C]
Initial development of any parcel or lot shall include the provision of street trees, landscaping and preservation of natural vegetation in the following manner:
A. 
Street trees selected from those deciduous types listed in § 255-24A(3) shall be planted a maximum of 50 feet on center and three feet from the front property line (and within the property and with proper allowance for utility lines and driveways).
B. 
Exclusive of the street trees noted above, each lot or parcel developed shall include the installation of trees selected from and as stipulated in § 255-24A(3) in the following ratio:
(1) 
Single-family and two-family homes on lots less than 15,000 square feet: two trees per lot.
(2) 
Single-family and two-family homes on lots of 15,000 square feet or more: four trees per lot.
(3) 
Multifamily development: 15 trees per acre.
(4) 
Commercial or industrial development: one tree per every 20 parking spaces, to be distributed within such parking areas and protected from vehicular damage.
C. 
The developer of any lot or parcel is encouraged to preserve existing vegetation and, therefore, may fulfill the above requirements by maintaining and preserving existing tree growth that is consistent with the above specifications.

§ 255-26 Detached accessory buildings.

In R and C Districts, a detached accessory building shall conform to the following provisions: it shall not occupy more than 25% of the area of the rear yard; it shall not be less than 20 feet from the front street line, nor less than five feet from any other lot line or from any principal building; and it shall not exceed 20 feet in height.

§ 255-27 Attached accessory buildings.

In R and C Districts, an accessory building attached to the principal building shall be considered as an integral part thereof and shall be subject to front, side and rear yard requirements applicable to the principal building.

§ 255-28 Accessory swimming pools.

[Amended 8-8-1972 by Doc. 197]
In any district, an accessory swimming pool shall conform to the following provisions: it shall not be located in the required front yard; it shall not be less than five feet from any rear or side lot line; and it shall not exceed a height of six feet.

§ 255-29 Fencing of water storage facilities; violations and penalties. [1]

[Added 8-9-1983 by Doc. 131]
A. 
Within cluster residential, multifamily residential, planned unit development and single-family residential uses requiring Planning Board approval, any natural water body, any altered natural water body and/or any existing or proposed man-made temporary and/or permanent storage facilities of stormwater runoff known as and serving as detention basins, retention ponds and/or runoff delay areas shall have chain link fencing at least four feet in height completely enclosing said storage facilities at the top of the grade, when required by the Planning Board.
[Amended 10-17-1995 by Doc. 141]
B. 
The Building Inspector shall enforce the provisions of this section and shall provide written notice to anyone in violation. A fine of $100 per day shall be levied against any person in violation, beginning 30 days from the date the notice is issued. The Conservation Commission Officer shall notify the Building Inspector of any possible violations.
[1]
Editor's Note: The provisions of this section were moved from their original location as Ch. 146, Fences, Art. I, Water Storage Facilities, of the 1980 Code.