Town of Albion, NY
Orleans County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Albion 3-11-1996 by L.L. No. 2-1996; amended in its entirety 5-28-1996 by L.L. No. 4-1996. Subsequent amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Dumps, dumping and landfills — See Ch. 49.
Waste hauler's license — See Ch. 49, § 49-12.
Junk dealers — See Ch. 68.
Recycling — See Ch. 84.
Abandoned vehicles — See Ch. 95.
Waste Management Facility Overlay District — See Ch. 103, § 103-31.

§ 87-1 Title.

This chapter shall be known as and may be cited as the "Solid Waste Management Facilities Law of the Town of Albion."

§ 87-2 Findings.

The Town Board, concerned with the public health, welfare and safety of the community, finds that environmental science is presently inadequate to satisfactorily evaluate and control pollution from solid and liquid waste management facilities such as landfills, ashfills, construction and demolition debris processing and disposal facilities, resource recovery, and incineration facilities. Among other factors, the Board finds as follows:
A. 
The inability of geological science to precisely ascertain the existence and flow of groundwaters and to map subterranean geology makes it impossible to determine the extent to which solid and liquid waste disposal may, or may not, contaminate water supplies.
B. 
Moreover, the accumulated extent of hazardous waste disposal in solid and liquid waste disposal facilities cannot be measured or accurately determined because of state and federal regulations permitting disposal of residential or small user quantities of hazardous wastes.
C. 
The Town's need for solid and liquid waste disposal are being met.
D. 
The Town is already the site of two landfills which are the source of serious environmental concern. At least one landfill has been placed by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) on the Registry of Inactive Hazardous Waste Disposal Sites. This site has been confirmed as the source of groundwater contamination at levels exceeding DEC Part 703 standards. This site is classified as a Class 2 site, representing a significant threat to the public health or environment - action required. Groundwater in the vicinity of this site is used as a drinking water source. A Department of Health analysis shows that organic and inorganic contaminates exist in leachate that has migrated from this landfill and in surface water samples taken from the Erie Canal.
E. 
Faced with enormous risks posed by existing facilities, the Town Board also recognizes that future correction of pollution from solid or liquid waste management facilities, including sanitary landfills, construction and demolition debris disposal facilities, and incineration facilities may be very expensive or even impossible to achieve. According to the DEC pollution from solid waste management facilities has already contaminated portions of the local water supply. DEC studies, including the Upstate New York Groundwater Management Plan, cite disposal facilities as major sources of water, including groundwater, contamination.
F. 
The Draft Comprehensive Plan for the Town of Albion, Village of Albion and Town of Barre states that "Landfills are inconsistent with the long-term development goals of the community." Further, the Draft Comprehensive Plan calls for the adoption of local laws implementing the Erie Canal Corridor Plan for the Genesee/Finger Lakes Region prepared by the New York State Urban Development Corporation, including restricting expansion of existing landfills within the corridor and preventing further deterioration of aesthetic impacts and water quality.
G. 
The Town Zoning Ordinance[1] does not allow disposal facilities such as landfills within the community.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 103, Zoning.
H. 
Within the Town of Albion approximately 64% of all property is dedicated to agricultural uses. Four thousand three hundred sixty-four (4,364) acres, or about half the total farm land, and 31% of all land within the Town is within a County Agricultural District. The New York State Legislature has recently enacted legislation, effective in 1998, prohibiting in certain cases siting solid waste management facilities (other than land application facilities and transfer stations) on land in agricultural production within agricultural districts. The Legislature has previously declared it to be the policy of the state to conserve and protect agricultural lands. The Town Board finds that the siting of landfills and other large noxious solid waste management facilities within the Town is inconsistent with the preservation of the agricultural industry and the policies of the State Legislature.
I. 
The Town Board finds, based on its review of existing facilities and present community development goals, that the community character's will be adversely and unalterably impacted by the location and operation of any additional solid or liquid waste management facilities within the Town.
J. 
Substantial scientific opinion questions the environmental and health effects of both "resource recovery" facilities that incinerate or burn solid waste and of the handling and disposal of ash residue from such facilities, and the containment methods for liquid waste.
K. 
The Town of Albion contains significant natural and cultural resources. The wetlands and woodlands contained within the Town are a precious ecological resource and are deserving of the utmost protection. The Town is also home to a portion of the Erie Canal, a significant historical and recreational resource.
L. 
These resources constitute crucial physical, ecological, social, aesthetic, recreational, and economical assets, and their preservation is necessary to protect and promote the health, safety, and general welfare of present and future residents of the Town.
M. 
There are substantial floodplains within the Town. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the placement of solid waste management facilities near or in floodplains can result in wastes being carried by floodwaters and flow from the site, and filling in floodplains that may restrict the flow of floodwaters, causing greater flooding upstream and/or reduced water storage capacity in the floodplain.
N. 
The siting, construction, operation and expansion of solid waste management facilities within the Town of Albion will affect and impact upon all Albion residents. Furthermore, facilities which are poorly sited or operated may have a negative environmental impact on the surrounding communities because they can contaminate groundwater and surface water, and lead to odors and air pollution.

§ 87-3 Purpose.

A. 
It is the intent of this chapter to promote the public purposes identified in this chapter by providing for the proper regulation and use of solid waste management facilities within the Town. Specifically, the Town intends by this chapter to:
(1) 
Regulate the siting, construction, operation and expansion of solid waste management facilities within the Town of Albion in order to promote a clean, wholesome and attractive environment for the community.
(2) 
Improve the ability of public officials and Town residents to participate in the process of siting and licensing solid waste management facilities.
(3) 
Reduce the risk of pollution from solid waste management operations by regulating the type, scope and size of such activities.
(4) 
Ensure that accurate, current information about solid waste management operations within the Town is available to public officials and citizens.
(5) 
Protect the residents of the Town from undesirable effects of solid waste management operations including:
(a) 
Unaesthetic results, including odors, blowing litter, increased traffic, dust, and noise; and
(b) 
Deterioration in property values associated with an adjacent or proximate solid waste management operation that may interfere with the orderly development of properties; and
(c) 
Threats to public health or the environment by contamination of air, surface water or groundwaters.
(6) 
To exercise the Town's police powers under the Municipal Home Rule Law and §§ 130 and 136 of the Town Law for the physical and mental well-being and safety of its citizens and to restrict waste disposal operations within the Town that might otherwise be permitted under the ECL. Section 27-0711 of the ECL specifically recognizes and authorizes the right and authority of a Town to legislate stricter controls on solid waste management operations than state law requires.
B. 
It is not the intent of this chapter to restrict, obstruct, or otherwise hinder the continuation of agricultural production. The Town Board believes that the community is enhanced by the farms, representing a majority of land uses in the community, that operate within its boundaries. By enacting this chapter the Town affirms its commitment to agriculture for this generation, and future generations who will work the land, and to the protection of lands within Agricultural Districts.
C. 
It is not the intent of this chapter to regulate in any way the composting of yard waste and food waste at the personal residences or farms at which such waste is produced.

§ 87-4 Applicability.

A. 
This chapter shall be applicable to all areas within the Town of Albion, except within the incorporated Village of Albion.
B. 
Nothing in this chapter shall prohibit the Town Board from entering into an agreement with any facility operator or owner, properly permitted under this chapter, concerning host fees or contractual services.

§ 87-5 Definitions.

A. 
Unless defined below or the context otherwise requires, the terms and words used in this chapter shall have the same meanings as in normal usage.
B. 
As used in this chapter, these terms and words shall be defined as follows:
AGRICULTURAL DISTRICT
A district created under Article 25AA of the New York State Agriculture and Markets Law.
APPLICANT
The person applying for a permit under this chapter who must be the owner or operator of the solid waste management facility.
AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE
The individual responsible for the overall operation of a solid waste management facility or an operational unit of a facility, such as the manager, superintendent or individual of equivalent responsibility who has authority and knowledge to make and implement decisions regarding operating conditions at the facility.
COMPLETED APPLICATION
An application in which all necessary information and proof of other approvals, required by any other entity or relevant law or regulation, is provided to the Town Board. If the Albion Town Board is engaged in coordinated review with other regulating agencies, such information may be provided to the Town Board in accordance with the applicable coordinated review procedure.
DEC
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.
DISPOSAL 
Is the:
(1) 
Placement, distribution, removal, discharge, deposit, injection, spilling, dumping or leaking of a solid waste, or any constituent thereof, in, onto, in or under any land, surface water or groundwater; and
(2) 
The storage of solid waste on, onto, in or under any land, water or structure, except at the site of generation.
DISPOSAL FACILITY
A solid waste management facility or part of one, other than a land application facility, in which or on which solid waste is intentionally placed, including any land or water, and at which solid waste will remain after closure.
ECL
The New York Environmental Conservation Law.
EPA
The United States Environmental Protection Agency.
FACILITY
Any solid waste management facility.
LANDFILL
Land or a disposal facility or part of one where solid waste or its residue after treatment is intentionally placed and which is not a land application facility, surface impoundment, injection well or waste pile.
MAJOR MODIFICATION OF A PERMIT
A modification which either involves a material change in existing permit conditions or of the permitted actions; or there is newly discovered material information or there has been a material change in environmental conditions, relevant technology or applicable law or regulations since the issuance of the existing permit.
OPERATOR
The person responsible for the overall operation of a solid waste management facility or part of a facility, with the authority and knowledge to make and implement decisions, or whose actions or failure to act may result in noncompliance with the requirements of this chapter or the permit issued by any state or federal agency, or the regulations or conditions set by said state or federal agency.
OWNER
A person who owns a solid waste management facility or part of one, and can include, without limitation, the real property on which the solid waste management facility is located.
PERSON
Any individual, public or private corporation, political subdivision, government agency, authority, department or bureau of the state, municipality, industry, partnership, limited liability company, association, firm, trust, estate or any other legal entity whatsoever.
REFUSE
Anything putrescible or nonputrescible that is discarded as useless or worthless.
RELATED CORPORATIONS
All corporations included with the applicant in one or more chains of corporations connected by stock ownership with a common parent corporation.
SEQRA
The State Environmental Quality Review Act[1] and the review procedures required therein.
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITY
Any facility employed beyond the initial solid waste collection process and managing solid waste, including but not limited to storage areas or facilities; transfer stations; rail-haul or barge-haul facilities; landfills; disposal facilities; solid waste incinerators; refuse-derived fuel processing facilities; pyrolysis facilities; construction and demolition debris processing facilities; land application facilities; composting facilities; surface impoundments; used oil storage, reprocessing, and rerefining facilities; recyclables handling and recovery facilities; waste tire storage facilities and regulated medical waste treatment facilities. The term includes all structures, appurtenances, and improvements on the land used for the management or disposal of solid waste.
USED ENGINE LUBRICATING OIL RETENTION FACILITIES
Any facility employed to store used engine lubricating oil by a service establishment or any other person, commercial or industrial operation, airport, bus or trucking terminal, or state or local government facility that generates at least 500 gallons of used engine lubricating oil annually, or accepts used oil from do-it-yourselfers.
WATER BODY
Any body of standing water which exists at least nine months of the year, and which, when wet, is customarily more than 5,000 square feet in water surface area.
WATERCOURSES
Any body of water flowing in an identifiable channel or course at least nine months of the year.
[1]
Editor's Note: See ECL § 8-0101 et seq.

§ 87-6 Exemptions.

A. 
The following are not subject to this chapter:
(1) 
Any disposal of manure in normal farming operations; but not including sewage sludge processing and spreading.
(2) 
Any sewage treatment facility but not including any sewage sludge spreading facility or land application facility.
(3) 
On-site facilities, other than disposal facilities and incinerators, located on an applicant's premises and serving only the applicant's waste products created at that site. Persons constructing, operating and expanding such facilities shall apply to the Town Board and request an on-site facility waiver. The request shall include copies of all applicable state and federal licenses, permits and pending permit applications. The Town Board may place reasonable restrictions on the waiver, including reporting requirements, to insure compliance with this chapter. No person who qualifies for and receives this on-site facility waiver shall accept, handle, import or transport any waste created or generated by any other party or from any other source or location.
(4) 
Used engine lubricating oil retention facilities.
(5) 
Junkyards that are regulated by the Town of Albion Junk Dealers Law, Chapter 68 of the Town Code.
B. 
None of the above exemptions shall be construed to permit any activity contrary to existing or future building codes, zoning ordinances or codes or other local or state laws or as exempting any other permit required by state or local law.

§ 87-7 Coordination with state and local law and local, state and federal agencies.

A. 
The provisions of this chapter shall be interpreted in such a manner as being consistent with state law, except that the more stringent requirements of this chapter shall apply.
B. 
The Town Board may coordinate all reviews of applications, including the SEQRA process, with other local, state and federal agencies having approval over the application. Nothing in this chapter shall limit the right or power of the Town to participate in any permitting process held by another agency. A decision of the lead agency under SEQRA shall not be binding upon the Town, nor limit the right and power of the Town to conduct any and all inquiries, hearings and investigations it deems necessary in taking an action on an application.
C. 
Nothing in this chapter waives the requirement of compliance with any other law, ordinance or resolution of the Town of Albion; nor does this chapter authorize what is otherwise prohibited by any other law, ordinance or resolution of the Town of Albion.

§ 87-8 Permit required.

A. 
No solid waste management facility shall hereafter be sited, constructed, expanded, transferred, or operated within the Town of Albion, except as permitted by this chapter.
B. 
Renewals of facility permits, expansions, transfers of permits and major modifications of facility permits, shall require a new permit and application. Applications for renewals shall be made no later than six months prior to the expiration of the expiring permit.
C. 
Existing solid waste management facilities, other than those prohibited by § 87-9, shall apply for a permit under this chapter within 30 days of the effective date of this chapter. Such facilities shall be allowed to continue to operate during the application proceeding, subject to the terms and conditions of existing permits.

§ 87-9 Prohibited facilities.

A. 
The following solid waste management facilities may not be expanded, constructed or operated within the Town of Albion:
(1) 
Disposal facilities, including, but not limited to, landfills, sanitary landfills, ashfills, industrial waste landfills, construction and demolition debris landfills, and monofills, but not including landfill gas recovery facilities.
(2) 
Incinerators.
(3) 
Used oil storage, reprocessing, and rerefining facilities, but not including used engine lubricating oil retention facilities.
(4) 
Waste tire storage facilities.
(5) 
Medical waste treatment facilities.
(6) 
Composting facilities.
(7) 
Construction and demolition debris processing facilities.
(8) 
Hazardous waste facilities.
(9) 
Surface impoundments.
(10) 
Rail-haul and barge-haul facilities.
B. 
If any part of this section prohibiting certain facilities should be judicially declared to be invalid, void, unconstitutional, or unenforceable, in whole or in regard to any specific facility, applications for said affected facilities shall be made in accordance with this chapter and shall be evaluated in accordance with the application procedures of this chapter, and unaffected provisions hereof shall survive such declaration, and this chapter shall remain in full force and effect as if the invalidated portions had not been enacted.
C. 
Any facility listed in Subsection A above currently licensed and operating within the Town may continue operations until the expiration of the current necessary federal, state, or local operating license or permit, or five years, whichever is sooner. Nothing in this provision shall authorize the transfer, expansion, or major modification of an existing facility.

§ 87-10 Application process.

A. 
Applicants, including new, renewal, major modification, transfer and expansion applicants, shall submit 10 copies of any application, including any required application fee, which shall be filed with the Town Clerk.
B. 
Upon receipt of all of the requisite application materials, the Town Clerk shall notify the Town Board, which shall declare the application complete or incomplete within 30 days of such notification. If the Town Board does not so declare within 30 days of notification, the applicant may submit a demand for determination letter ("demand letter") to the Town Board. If the Town Board does not so declare within 30 days after the receipt of the demand letter, the application will be deemed complete. The time periods noted within this section shall not otherwise begin until the application has been declared complete. If, in accordance with § 87-11A(15), the Town Board requests additional information of the applicant, the time period within this section to determine the application incomplete or complete shall commence with receipt of the additional information, and all time periods within this section shall be tolled until such additional information is deemed complete. If the Town Board does not so declare within 30 days of receipt of the additional information, the applicant may submit a demand letter to the Town Board. If the Town Board does not declare the application, including the additional information, complete or incomplete within 30 days after the receipt of the demand letter, the application and the additional information will be deemed complete. The Town Board shall give written reasons if the application or additional information is found to be incomplete.
C. 
The approving authority with respect to all aspects of all applications hereunder shall be the Albion Town Board.
D. 
The Town Board has the right to obtain, in the manner established by General Municipal Law § 101 et seq., legal and/or engineering consultation, from consultants of the Town Board's choice, with the cost of such consultation to be borne by the applicant. Additionally, the Town Board has the right to retain consultants for assisting in the SEQRA review, with the cost of such consultation to be borne by the applicant. If the Town Board or other agency acting as lead agency in the case of a coordinated SEQRA review, determines that an environmental impact statement shall be prepared, all time periods within this section shall be tolled until the completion of the SEQRA process. A separate account shall be established for each applicant. Fees shall be paid in advance and the time periods in this section shall be tolled while such fees are unpaid. Interest earned, if any, on such accounts shall belong to the applicant and all excess funds at the close of the application process shall be repaid to the applicant.
E. 
The Town Board has the right to promulgate by resolution regulations establishing application fees and annual permit fees. Application fees shall be initially set at $500 per application, including new, renewal, expansion, major modification and transfer applications, and are due upon submission of the application. Rejected applications may be resubmitted within one year of the date of rejection by the Town Board without requiring payment of another application fee. Permit fees shall be initially set at $500 annually, and are due upon issuance of the permit and on that date annually thereafter.
F. 
The Town Board may refer any application submitted to it pursuant to this chapter to the Albion Planning Board, or other Town committees, for review and report. The Planning Board shall report back to the Town Board within 30 days of the date of referral or within such greater period as may be specified by the Town Board at the time of referral, not to exceed 60 days. Failure to comply within the specified time periods shall be interpreted by the Town Board as indicating no objection to the application.
G. 
A public hearing shall be held by the Town Board, within 60 days after an application, including the receipt of requested additional information, is deemed complete, or if the Town Board determines to obtain such consultation as described in Subsection D above, within 180 days after an application, including the receipt of requested additional information, is deemed complete, upon no less than 20 days' notice. The public hearing may be adjourned to subsequent dates if in the opinion of the Town Board such adjournment is necessary to allow full public participation. Written notice of such public hearing shall be published in a newspaper of general circulation within the Town at least five days prior to the hearing. Written notice of such public hearing shall be delivered to persons owning real property within 500 feet of any line of any premises which is the subject of the application as may appear upon the latest completed assessment roll, such notice to be delivered at least five days before the date set for the public hearing.
H. 
A determination shall be made to approve, approve with modifications, approve with conditions or disapprove an application within 60 days following completion of the public hearing, or 60 days after the completion of the SEQRA process, whichever is later.
I. 
All time periods in this chapter may be extended by the mutual consent of the Town and the applicant. Unless otherwise stated, all time periods within this chapter are directory not mandatory, and no rights shall accrue to any applicant by the failure of the Town Board to act within the stated time periods, except as specifically stated herein.

§ 87-11 Application contents.

A. 
Any person who shall desire and intends to establish, construct, operate, expand or maintain a solid waste management facility in the Town of Albion shall for an application submit the information listed herein, including a transmittal letter with an oath that subject to the penalties of perjury the information in the application is correct.
(1) 
The name and address of the applicant, including the name, address and telephone number of the applicant' s authorized representative.
(2) 
All information required to be submitted to the DEC or EPA for all state or federal permits required to locate, construct, expand, transfer or operate the facility, including copies of all applicable county, state, and federal permits or permit applications required for the facility.
(3) 
A description of the operations, including the type of waste streams, the type of storage, treatment, disposal or processing that will occur to each waste stream, the machinery and equipment which will be used, and the number of employees expected to be engaged in the operations.
(4) 
The maximum volume and the expected average volume of each waste stream the applicant will accept for disposal, for processing, for treatment or for storage, on a weekly and on a monthly basis. Included should be the maximum volume of each waste stream to be stored at the facility at any one time.
(5) 
The name and address of the owner of the land upon which the site is to be located, and if the applicant is not the owner, the nature of his right of occupancy of such land.
(6) 
If the applicant is a corporation the names of all parent, related and subsidiary corporations engaged in waste management activities, the names of shareholders owning a ten-percent or greater voting interest, and if the applicant is a partnership or limited liability company, the names of each partner or person holding a greater than 10% general or limited partnership or other interest.
(7) 
Site map or maps, prepared by a licensed engineer, showing the following:
(a) 
Title of drawing, including the name and address of the applicant.
(b) 
North arrow, scale and date.
(c) 
The exact location of the area intended for use as a facility, including buffer zones.
(d) 
Existing and proposed contours at intervals of not more than 10 feet.
(e) 
Building orientation, footprint and elevations.
(f) 
Existing natural features such as water bodies, watercourses, wetlands, wooded areas, individual large trees, flood hazard areas within 1,000 feet of the area intended for use as a facility, including buffer zones.
(g) 
The location of all boundary lines and/or streets and highways abutting the facility and all dwellings situated within 1,000 feet of the area intended for use as a facility, including buffer zones.
(h) 
The location of any adjoining property boundary within 1,000 feet of the area intended to be used as a facility, excluding buffer zones.
(i) 
Location of any property boundary of an active farm within 1,000 of the area intended to be used as a facility, including buffer zones.
(j) 
The location of water wells within 1,000 feet of the area to be used as a facility.
(k) 
Provision for buffer areas and other landscaping.
(l) 
Location of all parking and truck-loading areas, showing access and ingress drives.
(m) 
Zoning district and Agricultural district boundaries within 1,000 feet of the area intended for use as a facility, including buffer zones.
(n) 
Grading and erosion control measures including the proposed location of sediment sink/settling pond and interceptor swales, etc.
(o) 
Location and design for stormwater management facilities.
(p) 
The topography of the site.
(q) 
A soils overlay, if general site grades exceed 10% or if portions of the site have susceptibility to erosion, flooding or ponding.
(r) 
Such other topographical and perimeter surveys, hydrological computations, engineering studies, and other factual or scientific data and reports as deemed necessary by the Town Board.
(s) 
Perimeter fencing location, type and height.
(t) 
Areas to remain undisturbed.
(8) 
A full environmental assessment form. If the Town Board or other agency issues a positive declaration of environmental impact for the proposed impact, no consideration of the application will occur prior to the completion of the SEQRA process.
(9) 
Where applicable, a plan for the storage and/or disposal of collected leachate, including written commitments from any facilities where such leachate would be disposed.
(10) 
A drainage report including supporting design data and copies of engineering computations used to determine the design capacities and performance requirements of drainage facilities.
(11) 
A report outlining the vehicular traffic impact of the project, including recommendations for mitigating such impacts.
(12) 
Description of all violations of any federal, state or local statute or regulation by the applicant; its parent corporation, subsidiaries or related corporations; owners; shareholders (or their parent corporation, subsidiaries or related corporations) owning more than 10% of the applicant; or partners owning more than 10% of the applicant, including the affected statute or regulation involved, the circumstances of the violation, penalties assessed and remedial action required.
(13) 
A U.S. Army Corps of Engineers federal wetlands determination for the site and areas within 1,000 feet.
(14) 
Each application for a facility where disposal of solid waste will occur shall contain a reclamation plan including the following:
(a) 
A comprehensive plan for the rehabilitation of the entire area in which the applicant proposes to conduct operations. The plan of rehabilitation shall set the final contours and slopes, and include measures to conserve topsoil and filling and compaction necessary to allow the practical use of the site for the principal uses for which the site is zoned under Chapter 103, Zoning, of the Code of the Town of Albion. A basic reclamation plan shall include grading and slope treatment, disposal of refuse or soil, drainage and water control features and revegetation, proposals for the prevention of pollution, the protection of the environment, the protection and perpetuation of the highest value of surrounding property and the protection of the property, health, safety and general welfare of the community.
(b) 
A specific time schedule for the commencement and conclusion of all reclamation activities pursuant to the reclamation plan, including revegetation, which schedule shall in all events be completed within one year after the conclusion of solid waste management activities.
(c) 
An estimate prepared by an engineer duly licensed by the State of New York of the anticipated cost for the completion of the reclamation plan within the time schedule required under this section, as proposed by the applicant and including an analysis of how said estimated cost was computed.
(15) 
Such other information as deemed necessary by the Town Board, including information necessary for compliance with SEQRA.
B. 
A waiver from any of the application content requirements of this section may be granted by the Town Board in its discretion, and on such conditions as it may reasonably establish, when the Town Board determines that the information requested is not necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter or is otherwise available to the Town.

§ 87-12 Decision criteria.

A. 
The applicant shall have the burden of demonstrating that the proposed activity will be in accord with the policies and provisions of this chapter.
B. 
In approving, disapproving, or approving with modifications any application the Town Board shall exercise its discretion in consideration of the following factors:
(1) 
The environmental impact of the proposed action;
(2) 
The overall need for the proposed action. That the facility will primarily involve waste generated outside the Town shall not be a factor in evaluating the application;
(3) 
The alternatives to the proposed action;
(4) 
Irreversible and irretrievable commitments of resources that would be involved in the proposed activity;
(5) 
The character and degree of injury to, or interference with, safety, health, or the reasonable use of property that is caused or threatened;
(6) 
The suitability or unsuitability of such activity to the area for which it is proposed, including current and anticipated future land uses, surrounding community character, anticipated growth in the surrounding area, zoning and natural features of the site;
(7) 
The effect of the proposed activity with reference to the protection or enhancement of the Town's natural resources including, but not limited to, agricultural uses and districts, wildlife, flora, recreation, wetlands, water bodies, and watercourses;
(8) 
The availability of preferable alternative locations on the subject parcel or, in the case of activity of sufficient magnitude, the availability of other reasonable locations;
(9) 
The availability of mitigation measures or safeguards that could feasibly be added to the plan or action;
(10) 
The extent to which the exercise of property rights and the public benefit derived from such use may outweigh or justify the possible degradation of the site, the interference with the exercise of other property rights, and the impairment or endangerment of public health, safety, or welfare;
(11) 
Compliance with the New York Solid Waste Management Plan; Local Solid Waste Management Plan and Town Comprehensive Plan;
(12) 
Actual and potential litter, noise, odor, rodent and other vermin infestation, air pollution and water (surface and ground water) pollution problems from the project.
(13) 
Effect of the project on vehicular traffic within the Town, including adequacy and arrangement of vehicular traffic access and circulation, including emergency vehicle access;
(14) 
Adequacy of drainage and flood prevention.
(15) 
Adequacy of stormwater and sanitary waste disposal.
(16) 
Effect from the project of any impacts identified in any engineering review by a Town-retained hydrogeological consultant or other engineering consultant.
C. 
Permits will be issued by the Town Board only if the Town Board shall find that the proposed regulated activity is consistent with the policy of this chapter.
D. 
Nondiscrimination requirement. In evaluating any application request or permit condition under this chapter, the Town Board shall not consider and shall not base any decision on the source, origin, or destination of any waste stream, nor on the method or route of transporting any waste stream. No decision of the Town Board under this chapter shall favor in-town interests over out-of-town interests nor act to subsidize local interests. No decision of the Town Board under this chapter shall require any applicant to provide different services or prices for Town residents or businesses.
E. 
The Town Board shall be authorized to deny a permit application or renewal if it determines, after a public hearing and affording the applicant an opportunity to present evidence on the issue, that the applicant, including the applicant's parent, subsidiary and other related corporations, limited liability companies, joint ventures or partnerships, has such a record of violations of applicable federal, state, or local laws that, in the judgment of the Town Board, the applicant is unsuitable to operate a solid waste management facility.
F. 
As part of any permit the Town Board may impose such reporting requirements as it deems necessary to fully inform the public and public officials on the operation of the facility. The Town Board may also designate a location for deposition of such reports for public inspection. All reports, tests, correspondence, notices, etc., in connection with the facility, sent by the operator or owner to the DEC, EPA or other state or federal agency, shall also be provided to the Town, if the Town so requires as a condition of the permit.

§ 87-13 Permit requirements.

A. 
Any permit issued hereunder shall at all times be displayed conspicuously at or near the entrance to the site.
B. 
Any permit issued hereunder shall be effective from the date of its issuance for five years or until expiration of the applicable state or federal permit, whichever is sooner. A permit hereunder may be renewed for the lesser of an additional five-year period or the period of a corresponding applicable facility state or federal facility permit, if any, provided that the operations are in conformance with this chapter and the permit would be approved as an original application if submitted at the time. The granting of an original or renewed permit shall in no way create vested rights for the permittee or the site.
C. 
No permit issued under this chapter shall be transferable or assignable without the prior written approval of the Town Board. Without limiting the forgoing, for the purpose of this section, if the permittee or licensee is a corporation whose stock is not sold to the general public on any recognized stock exchange or "over the counter," and any type of transfer or assignment of the ownership of a share or shares of stock in said corporation is made, voluntarily or involuntarily, which transfer or assignment would cause the controlling interest in said corporation to be vested in a party other than the party holding controlling interest in the corporation before such transfer, shall be considered a transfer governed by this section. The Town Board must be notified in writing by the corporate licensee or permittee as to any transfer or assignment of ownership of controlling interest in the shares of stock in said licensee or permittee. Any transfer or assignment will cause an automatic revocation of any permit issued hereunder, unless the Town Board, in its sole discretion, consents in writing prior to such transfer.
D. 
Such permit may be revoked, modified or suspended by the Town Board for the violation of any regulation herein after a public hearing at which the permittee shall have an opportunity to be heard and present evidence. Notice of the Town Board's intent to revoke, modify, or suspend a permit, stating the alleged facts or conduct which appear to warrant the intended revocation, modification or suspension, shall be mailed by first-class mail to the address of the permittee as given in accordance with § 87-11A(1) of this chapter no later than 15 calendar days before the public hearing. Nothing in this section shall prohibit Town action without prior notice in the event of an actual or threatened emergency which poses a threat to the public health, safety and welfare.
E. 
Such permit may be revoked, modified or suspended by the Town Board after the permittee is given an opportunity to be heard. Grounds for revocation, modification or suspension are materially false or inaccurate statements in the permit application or supporting papers; failure by the permittee to comply with the terms or conditions of the permit; exceeding the scope of the project as described in the permit application; newly discovered material information or a material change in environmental conditions, relevant technology or applicable law or regulations since the issuance of the existing permit; or noncompliance with previously issued conditions or orders of the Town Board.

§ 87-14 General regulations.

A. 
A person who shall operate a facility site for which a permit is granted hereunder shall be responsible for the operation, management, and security of said site.
B. 
No disposal facility shall employ ash or ash residue of any kind as daily cover.
C. 
The area designed to be used as a solid waste management facility at which any type of disposal occurs, including associated buildings, utilities, construction staging areas, and other appurtenant physical features and buffer areas, shall be:
(1) 
No less than 1,000 feet from active farm land.
(2) 
Not within and no less than 1,000 feet from the boundary of an Agricultural District.
(3) 
No less than 1,000 feet from any aquifer or adjacent recharge area, as determined by the DEC Division of Water.
(4) 
No less than 1,000 feet from the first water bearing unit.
(5) 
No less than 1,000 feet from the boundary of the one-hundred-year floodplain.
(6) 
No less than 1,000 feet from any wetland, water body, or watercourse.
(7) 
No less than 1,000 feet from any public water wellhead.
(8) 
Not within and no less than 1,000 feet from the boundary of any residential zoning district.
D. 
The area designed to be used as a solid waste management facility at which disposal does not occur, including associated buildings, utilities, construction staging areas, and other appurtenant physical features and buffer areas, shall be as stated in Subsection C of this section except that the distances for separation or buffers required by Subsections C(1) through (8) in each instance shall be 500 feet.
E. 
The area designed to be used as an incinerator, including associated buildings, utilities, construction staging areas, and other appurtenant physical features and buffer areas, shall be, in addition to the requirements of Section C of this section:
(1) 
No less than 1,000 feet from any public or private school, hospitals, nursing homes or medical facilities.
F. 
The applicant shall execute a document binding itself, its successors, assigns and parent corporations or entities to indemnify and hold harmless the Town of Albion for any costs associated with the investigation, monitoring, removal, cleanup and/or remediation arising out of the operation of any solid waste management facility, including liability for such activities under current or future state or federal law or private civil legal action. The Town Board may impose such financial security requirements as it determines are necessary, including but not limited to closure and post-closure funds and liability insurance.
G. 
The slope of any facility shall be no steeper than 4:1. The height of any facility shall not exceed 90 feet measured from its highest point to its base, except the height of a construction and demolition debris landfill where construction and demolition debris is employed for reclamation purposes shall not exceed five feet above the original level of the property prior to excavation operations.
H. 
The area designated to be used for facility purposes shall be enclosed with a suitable fence and entrance gate to contain blowing papers and to secure the area during nonoperational hours. All unloading of solid waste shall be conducted in such a manner as to eliminate odor and litter outside of the facility. Such litter and odor outside of the facility that are detectable at the nearest residence or commercial establishment will automatically require a temporary suspension of the permit, until the violation is remedied.
I. 
Refuse shall not be unloaded when weather conditions, e.g., high winds, make it probable that the litter may be carried beyond the limits of the facility.
J. 
At the discretion of the Town Board, baseline testing and surface water monitoring systems shall be required at any proposed or existing facility, at the permittee's expense.
K. 
Recyclable items, e.g., glass, aluminum, newspaper, etc., shall not be deposited in any disposal facility. Such items shall be removed from any deposits of refuse by the permittee and delivered to any appropriate recycling center for disposal.
L. 
Reclamation. As part of any permit for a solid waste management facility where disposal will occur, the Town Board shall adopt a reclamation plan. Where applicable, the Town Board may, in its sole discretion, adopt the reclamation plan approved by the DEC, plus such additional measures, if any, which the Town Board in its sole discretion deems necessary to accomplish the goals of this chapter.
M. 
Prior to the issuance of a permit, the Town Board may require the applicant to execute and file with the Town Clerk a reclamation bond, approved as to form by the Town Attorney and in an amount to be affixed by the Town Board, with a surety company licensed in New York State as surety and conditioned upon the faithful performance of the conditions contained in this chapter and the observance of the all other Town ordinances and local laws, to indemnify the Town of Albion for any damage to Town property, and to insure the reclaiming of the affected land in accordance with the reclamation plan adopted under this section, and to protect against all claims, including attorneys' fees, damages, costs and judgments arising from the performance of any solid waste management activity. In the event of a default, such bond shall be forfeited to the Town of Albion.
N. 
The Town of Albion reserves the right to promulgate rules and regulations applicable to permittees and the operation of facilities consistent with this chapter in order to clarify its terms and/or to monitor compliance with its provisions and/or promote enforcement thereof. Violation of any such rules and regulations shall be a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter.
O. 
Variances from the requirements of this section may be granted by the Town Board, upon a demonstration of unnecessary hardship due to unique circumstances not caused by the applicant, at the sole discretion of the Town Board, only upon a supermajority (majority plus one of all seats, regardless of whether then vacant) of the Town Board. No variance shall be granted if the site in question could yield a reasonable return if used for other purposes allowable under Town law. No variance shall be granted to allow a facility or operation otherwise prohibited by this chapter.
P. 
These general regulations shall apply to all solid waste management facilities. To the extent that these general regulations refer specifically to a type of facility that is prohibited by § 87-9A, the purpose of these regulations is to provide guidance should any portion of the prohibition be invalidated as discussed in § 87-9B.

§ 87-15 Penalties for offenses; enforcement.

A. 
All violations of this chapter or any of its regulations or provisions, shall be deemed Class A misdemeanors, punishable by a fine not exceeding $5,000 or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both. Each and every day that a violation of this chapter is permitted to exist shall constitute a separate offense. Each and every provision of this chapter that is violated shall constitute a separate offense.
B. 
Any violation of this chapter or regulations or provisions thereof shall create a liability to the people of the Town for civil penalty not to exceed $5,000, to be determined after a hearing or opportunity to be heard, upon due-notice and with the right to specification of the charges and representation by counsel at such hearing. Each and every day that a violation of this chapter occurs or continues shall constitute a separate violation for purposes of civil liability.
C. 
Upon any violation of this chapter by any person, the Town shall be entitled to obtain an injunction against such persons prohibiting further violations and, in addition, ordering that any solid or liquid waste disposed or stored in violation hereof be removed from the Town, and ordering that any land on which solid or liquid waste is disposed of in violation of this chapter be restored as nearly as possible to its former condition by the removal of any waste illegally disposed of and by such other restorative measures as are available, and further ordering that the operator remedy any effects of the violation of surrounding or adjacent properties or resources, including, without limitation, air, trees, crops, water bodies, wetlands and groundwaters, at the sole cost of the operator or owner.
D. 
Any person who has been found by a judicial tribunal of the State of New York to have intentionally violated this chapter shall, in addition to the provisions found in Subsections A and B, be liable to reimburse the Town and citizens of Albion for its costs and expenses associated with bringing a particular prosecution to enforce this chapter, including, but not limited to, its reasonable attorney fees.
E. 
The Town of Albion shall have the authority to appoint an Enforcement Officer(s) authorized to act on behalf of the Town of Albion to enforce the provisions of this chapter. Any peace officer, the Town Supervisor, and members of the Town Board or their duly authorized representatives shall be granted access to any facility site permitted hereunder to inspect the same for compliance herewith, upon reasonable notice, and without prior notice in the event of an actual or threatened emergency which poses a threat to the public health, safety and welfare.

§ 87-16 Repealer; effect on other provisions.

Sections 3C, D, H, I, J, K, and L, 7, 10, 14, 15 and 16 of Chapter 49 of the Code of the Town of Albion, which was originally adopted by ordinance on September 21, 1981, and amended by Local Law No. 1 of 1990 and Local Law No. 2 of 1990, are hereby repealed in their entirety. All other ordinances and local laws or parts thereof in conflict herewith are superseded by this chapter; provided, however, that the provisions of this chapter shall not be interpreted as obviating any requirements or restrictions wherever it is possible to conform to the provisions of both this chapter and any other law or ordinance. Further, the specific terms, conditions and limitations contained in any existing permit or approval for any facility governed by this chapter, to the extent said specific terms, conditions and limitations are more restrictive than the provisions of this chapter, shall continue in full force until a permit under this chapter shall be issued by the Town Board.

§ 87-17 Severability.

If any part of this chapter shall be judicially declared to be invalid, void, unconstitutional, or unenforceable, all unaffected provisions hereof shall survive such declaration, and this chapter shall remain in full force and effect as if the invalidated portions had not been enacted. Furthermore, if this chapter, in its entirety, is judicially declared to be invalid, void, unconstitutional or unenforceable, then the repeal of Sections 3C, D, H, I, J, K, and L, 7, 10, 14, 15 and 16 of Chapter 49 of the Code of the Town of Albion, shall be nullified and that law shall be automatically reinstated and become fully effective.

§ 87-18 When effective.

This chapter shall become effective when it is filed with the Secretary of State pursuant to the Municipal Home Rule Law.