Township of Union, NJ
Union County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Health of the Township of Union 12-12-1990 (Ch. 323 of the 1986 Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Sewers and sewage disposal — See Ch. 434.
Individual sewage disposal systems — See Ch. 602.

§ 614-1 Purpose and intent.

This chapter requires all owners of nonresidential potable and nonpotable wells within the Township to test their water annually for certain toxic chemicals and report the laboratory test results to the Township Board of Health and also regulates the construction and certification of all new potable water wells. The regulations provided in this chapter are intended to:
A. 
Protect the health of consumers of well water in the Township of Union.
B. 
Provide information to enable the community to monitor groundwater quality.
C. 
Assure that all new potable water wells meet certain construction and water quality standards.

§ 614-2 Definitions.

The words, terms or phrases listed below, for the purpose of this chapter, shall be defined and interpreted as follows:
CERTIFIED LABORATORY
A laboratory certified by the New Jersey State Department of Environmental Protection (pursuant to N.J.A.C. 7:18) to conduct testing for individual hazardous contaminants.
NONPOTABLE WATER WELL
Any well that is not used for potable water purposes. Examples of nonpotable wells include water used for cooling, processing, irrigating and other uses.
NONRESIDENTIAL WELL
A well which is not used exclusively to provide water for domestic purposes; a water supply system from which potable water is supplied to consumers, including employees, members, guests or the public at large. Examples of nonresidential water supplies include commercial offices, industrial buildings, schools, commercial shops and retail stores, hotels, motels, trailer camps, food establishments, gasoline service stations, day-care facilities, houses of worship, boarding and rooming homes, clubhouses, camps of all types, health-care institutions and others.
PITLESS WELL ADAPTER
A device fabricated at the job site designed for attachment to one or more openings through a well casing and so constructed as to prevent the entry of contamination into the well or potable water, conduct water from the well, protect the water from freezing or extremes of temperature and provide access to water system components within the well.
PITLESS WELL UNIT
A preassembled device which extends the upper end of a well casing to above grade, provided with a pitless well cap and so constructed as to prevent the entry of contamination into the well or potable water, conduct water from the well, protect the water from freezing or extremes of temperature and provide access to water system components within the well.
POTABLE WATER
Any water used for drinking or culinary purposes.
RESIDENTIAL WATER SUPPLY
A water supply used for potable or domestic purposes in a family residence.

§ 614-3 Testing for volatile organic compounds.

A. 
All owners of nonresidential wells in Union Township are required, at their expense, to have a certified laboratory test their well water for the following volatile organic compounds:
Benzene
Bromoform
Bromodichloromethane
Bromomethane
Carbon tetrachloride
Chlorobenzene
Chloroethane
1, 2-Dichloroethylene
trans,-1, 2-Dichloropropene
trans,-1, 3-Dichloropropene
1, 2-Dichloropropane
Ethylbenzene
Methylene chloride
1, 1, 2, 2-Tetrachloroethane
2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether
Chloroform
Chloromethane
cis-1, 3-Dichloropropene
Dibromochloromethane
Dichlorodifluoromethane
1, 1-Dichloroethane
1, 2-Dichloroethane
Tetrachloroethylene
Toluene
1, 1, 1-Trichloroethane
1, 1, 2-Trichloroethane
Trichloroethylene
Trichlorofluoromethane
Vinyl chloride
B. 
Other contaminants as may be determined by the local health agency or as may be specified by the Director of Environmental Protection.

§ 614-4 Testing by certified laboratory.

All tests shall be performed by a laboratory that is certified by the State of New Jersey.

§ 614-5 Testing technique.

The laboratory technique to be used will be the "purge and trap" method or any other method deemed acceptable by the appropriate Department of Environmental Protection agency.

§ 614-6 Schedule of testing.

A. 
Initial testing. Within 120 days upon adoption of this chapter, a copy of the required written laboratory test results shall be furnished to the Union Township Board of Health by all nonresidential well owners.
B. 
Frequency of testing.
(1) 
Wells shall be tested annually thereafter. A copy of written laboratory test reports shall be provided to the Board of Health no later than November 1.
(2) 
When, in the opinion of the Board of Health, a groundwater problem occurs or exists, the Board of Health may require the individual testing of potentially affected area wells.

§ 614-7 Sample collection.

A. 
Certification form required. Within the provisions of this chapter, any person collecting a well water sample for submission to a laboratory shall complete and sign a form to be approved and/or provided by the Board of Health. The form shall include, among other things, a list of instructions to be followed by the collector, sampling data and a statement to be signed certifying as to the location of the sample. The completed certificate shall be forwarded to the Board of Health with the laboratory test result.
B. 
Collection requirements for handlers of volatile organics. Any person, corporation or firm that transports, receives, stores or otherwise handles volatile organic compounds shall be required to have his well water sample collected by a representative from the laboratory performing the analysis.

§ 614-8 Permits required for construction of potable water wells.

No water well, regardless of use, shall be located or constructed in the Township of Union until a permit has been issued by the appropriate Department of Environmental Protection agency and approved by the local Board of Health.

§ 614-9 Standards for well construction.

All potable water wells shall be constructed in strict compliance with state regulations as set forth and known as "Standards for Construction of Public Noncommunity and Nonpublic Water Systems" (N.J.A.C. 7:10-3.10 through 3.93 inclusive).

§ 614-10 Pitless adapters or units.

A pitless adapter or pitless unit shall be provided on every new potable water well constructed.

§ 614-11 Certificates required for new wells placed in service.

No potable water well shall be placed in service until the Board of Health is issued a written certificate of approval that the well water complies with state and federal water quality standards.

§ 614-12 Requirements for approval.

A. 
Laboratory testing. Upon notification by the property owner, a representative of a certified laboratory will collect well water samples and submit the samples to a laboratory for testing. Tests shall include those volatile organics as listed in § 614-3 and a bacteriological examination.
B. 
Certification by the well driller. A written certificate of compliance shall be provided by the driller to the Board of Health before any potable water well can be placed into service. Said form shall require Board of Health approval and will include a statement to be signed by the well driller indicating that he or she has constructed the well in compliance with all state standards as set forth in § 614-9 of this chapter.
C. 
Well water to meet state drinking water standards and guidelines. No well water supply shall be approved by the Board of Health if the water fails to meet current New Jersey drinking water quality standards or guidelines.

§ 614-13 Violations and penalties.

Any person who violates any provision of this chapter shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to a penalty of not more than $500. Each day that a violation continues shall constitute an additional, separate and distinct offense.