Town of Bethel, CT
Fairfield County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Selectmen of the Town of Bethel 3-8-1976. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction — See Ch. 42.
Driveways — See Ch. 50.
Excavations in highways — See Ch. 54.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 95.

§ 82-1 Conformance required.

On and after the effective date of this chapter, no new street, highway or public way shall be laid out or offered for acceptance as a public or private thoroughfare in the Town of Bethel which does not conform to the standards and specifications as herein provided.

§ 82-2 Approval of Planning and Zoning Commission.

[Amended 12-1-1979]
Any person, firm or corporation desiring to lay out and construct any proposed new street, highway or public way in the Town of Bethel shall first submit a plan for the proposed facility to the Planning and Zoning Commission for its approval as prescribed in Section 8-24 of the General Statutes of the State of Connecticut. This plan shall conform to the standards set forth in the Subdivision Regulations of the Town of Bethel[1] as to form and content.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 95, Subdivision of Land.

§ 82-3 Permit required; fine for noncompliance.

Before any work is commenced on a proposed roadway, including clearing of the site, the owner shall apply for and have issued a roadway construction permit from the Public Works Director. The Director will supply an application form which must be completed and returned to him with one set of roadway construction plans and the required fee (as the same may be from time to time established by the Public Works Commission) prior to the issuance of the permit and start of construction. Failure to comply with the provisions of this section shall be punishable by a fine of not less than $100, and each day work is continued without obtaining the aforementioned permit shall be considered a separate offense.

§ 82-4 Submission of road plans.

A. 
After securing the approval of the Planning and Zoning Commission of the subdivision layout, the developer shall submit to the Director of Public Works a detailed plan showing the proposed road profiles and the layout of any proposed utilities, including storm sewers, waterlines, sanitary sewers and any other underground utility.
[Amended 12-1-1979]
B. 
These plans shall be prepared by a professional engineer licensed to practice in the State of Connecticut. Each sheet of said plans shall bear his seal and title box.
C. 
Plans shall be drawn in ink on plan-profile linen the size of which shall be 24 inches in width and 36 inches in length.
D. 
The plan shall include the following data:
(1) 
The scale. Generally the vertical scale shall be one inch equals four feet, and the horizontal scale shall be one inch equals 40 feet.
(2) 
The existing center-line profile based upon actual field measurements taken every 50 feet along the proposed roadway.
(3) 
The center-line profile of the proposed roadway, which profile shall indicate gradient and data concerning vertical curves.
(4) 
The plan portion of the submission shall show the proposed road layout as approved by the Planning and Zoning Commission with lot lines as they intersect the road lines, as well as lot numbers.
[Amended 12-1-1979]
(5) 
The plan shall also show roadway stationing as it relates to the accompanying profile with each proposed road starting at 0 + 00.
(6) 
The plan shall show in detail the location and size of an drainage conduits, including existing pipes which drain onto or off of the proposed land to be serviced by the roadway. The plan shall also indicate location of all proposed catch basins, manholes, headwalls and streams or open ditches which relate to the proposed construction. The plan shall show invert elevations at influent points, catch basins, manholes and discharge points. Proposed conduits shall be shown on the profile with their relation to the proposed center line of the roadway.
(7) 
Proposed underground utilities other than storm drains shall be shown on the same general detail, including location, size, etc.
(8) 
Each proposed roadway shall be shown on a separate sheet.
(9) 
Where streams discharge onto the parcel to be subdivided, the petitioner shall submit hydrologic data concerning area of watershed and estimated flow information. This data shall be prepared by a licensed professional engineer and shall be used in the design of all conduits which relate to the watercourse in question.

§ 82-5 Road classification.

[Amended 12-1-1979]
All proposed streets shall be designated into one of the following classifications by the Planning and Zoning Commission prior to final approval:
A. 
Primary major collector.
B. 
Industrial.
C. 
Secondary high density (in sections where zoning permits lot areas of less than 20,000 square feet).
D. 
Secondary low density (in sections where zoning permits lot areas of 20,000 square feet or larger).

§ 82-6 Road design criteria.

A. 
Classification. The classification of streets shall be as follows:
[Amended 12-1-1979]
(1) 
Major collector.
(2) 
Industrial.
(3) 
Secondary high density.
(4) 
Secondary low density.
B. 
Right-of-way. The minimum width of the right-of-way shall be as follows:
(1) 
Major collector: 60 feet.
(2) 
Industrial: 60 feet.
(3) 
Secondary high density: 50 feet.
(4) 
Secondary low density: 50 feet.
C. 
Pavement width. The minimum width of the paved surface as measured from face of curb to face of curb shall be as follows:
(1) 
Major collector: 40 feet.
(2) 
Industrial: 40 feet.
(3) 
Secondary high density: 32 feet.
(4) 
Secondary low density: 27 feet.
D. 
Curve radius. The minimum radius of all horizontal curves at center line shall be as follows:
(1) 
Major collector: 750 feet.
(2) 
Industrial: 200 feet.
(3) 
Secondary high density: 200 feet.
(4) 
Secondary low density: 200 feet.
E. 
Gradient. The minimum gradient of all streets shall be 1%. The maximum gradient shall be as follows:
(1) 
Major collector: 7%.
(2) 
Industrial: 7%.
(3) 
Secondary high density: 10%.
(4) 
Secondary low density: 10%.
F. 
Culs-de-sac.
(1) 
Where culs-de-sac are permitted, the following minimum radii for rights-of-way shall be used:
(a) 
Major collector: not permitted.
(b) 
Industrial: 70 feet.
(c) 
Secondary high density: 60 feet.
(d) 
Secondary low density: 60 feet.
(2) 
The paved portion of the cul-de-sac shall have the following minimum radii:
(a) 
Major collector: not permitted.
(b) 
Industrial: 60 feet.
(c) 
Secondary high density: 45 feet.
(d) 
Secondary low density: 45 feet.
G. 
Curbs. Curbing shall be required on all streets. Material to be used shall be as follows:
(1) 
Major collector: bituminous concrete.
(2) 
Industrial: bituminous concrete.
(3) 
Secondary high density: granite or concrete.
(4) 
Secondary low density: bituminous concrete.
H. 
Vertical curves. Every change in grade shall be effected with a vertical curve of sufficient length to ensure adequate stopping sight distance and to provide for smooth transition.
I. 
Cross slope of pavement. The transverse slope of all paved sections shall be at the rate of 3/8 inch per one foot. The Public Works Commission may waive the above standards in situations involving one-way streets, roads with no on-street parking, boulevard-type roads or other road plans included on cluster housing, planned building groups, special permit uses and uses requiring site plan approval by the Planning and Zoning Commission of the Town of Bethel.

§ 82-7 Road construction specifications.

A. 
Subgrade.
(1) 
The subgrades shall be prepared in an approved manner by excavating or filling as required. Filling shall be done in layers not to exceed 12 inches in depth using suitable material, each layer to be consolidated by rolling before the next layer is placed. Stones in earth fill shall be well distributed, and no stone over four inches in diameter shall be left within 12 inches of the finished subgrade.
(2) 
Wherever soft clay or spongy or other types of unsuitable soil which will not compact under rolling is encountered, such soil shall be removed and replaced with gravel or other approved material, which shall be compacted as specified above.
(3) 
Wherever soil is of such nature that it retains an excessive amount of moisture, or where conditions do not afford ready natural drainage, subdrains and side drains shall be provided, in accordance with the requirements of the Town Engineer.
(4) 
Preparation of the subgrade shall be performed upon completion of required excavation, filling and the installation of utilities. Where roadways are in cut, they shall be brought to subgrade elevation for a width of at least two feet wider than the finished pavement width, i.e., one foot on either side.
(5) 
Where roadways are in embankment, the fill shall extend to subgrade level, and for a width not less than six feet outside the curbline on each side. The total subgrade area shall then be thoroughly consolidated by repeated rollings, using a self-propelled roller, weighing not less than 10 tons. Side slopes, whether in cut or fill, shall not exceed a slope of 2.5:1. These areas shall be graded and seeded.
B. 
Shoulders. The finished shoulders of the road shall measure six feet from the face of the curb. This area shall be graded back from the top of the curb at a gradient of 1/4 inch per foot. The area shall be fine graded and seeded.
C. 
Surface drainage. There shall be installed, prior to the final construction of the subgrade, a complete system of surface drainage, as shown on the approved plans. Catch basins, manholes and pipe shall comply with the highway construction specifications of the Department of Transportation of the State of Connecticut.
D. 
Foundation course.
(1) 
Alternate No. 1. Upon the prepared subgrade, finished parallel to and 12 inches below the surface of the finished grade of the street, there shall be spread a layer of approved bank-run gravel to a depth which, when thoroughly compacted, shall be 12 inches. The largest stone size permitted in this course is four inches. This course shall be rolled with a ten-ton roller until thoroughly compacted. Inequalities in the surface shall be corrected and rolling continued as may be necessary for a satisfactory result.
(2) 
Alternate No. 2: calcium chloride stabilized base. A calcium chloride stabilized base may be used in lieu of the above-described bank-run gravel base. The work under this item shall conform to Section 3.06 of the Standard Specifications for Roads, Bridges and Incidental Construction of the Department of Transportation, State of Connecticut (Form 811, 1974).
(3) 
Alternate No. 3: premixed bituminous concrete base. A premixed bituminous concrete base may be used in lieu of the above-described Alternate Nos. 1 and 2. The work under this item shall conform to Section 3.07 of the Standard Specifications for Roads, Bridges and Incidental Construction of the Department of Transportation, State of Connecticut (Form 811, 1974).
E. 
Final wearing surface.
(1) 
Upon the prepared foundation course as herein described (Alternate No. 1, only) a two-inch layer of screened gravel shall be placed so as to effect a fine grade. This gravel shall be carefully spread by means of a motorized grader and shall be wetted and thoroughly rolled with a ten-ton roller. When completed, the surface shall be smooth and true to line and grade parallel to the finish surface.
(2) 
The final wearing surface, in all cases, shall consist of bituminous concrete placed in two courses. The compacted thickness of each course shall be 1 1/2 inches. Material for this course shall conform to the requirements of Article M.04.01, Class I, of the Standard Specifications for Roads, Bridges and Incidental Construction of the Connecticut State Highway Department, Form 811, 1974 Revision. This article is entitled, "Bituminous Concrete Mixture." The method of placing shall conform to all the requirements of Article 4.02.03 of the above-described Standard Specifications.
F. 
Inspection. Before commencing any of the hereindescribed roadway items, it shall be the responsibility of the builder to notify the Engineer at least 48 hours in advance of his intent to proceed. No construction shall take place without the specific authorization, after inspection, of the Engineer.
G. 
Utilities. Prior to the placement of the base course, all utilities are to be installed, together with service extensions, to each lot within the proposed subdivision. The intent of the above is to provide all required underground services to each lot prior to the placement of base course and finished pavement.
H. 
Scheduling of roadway construction.
(1) 
In all cases, the first paving course shall weather at least one full winter (November 1 through March 31) in place.
(2) 
The placement of the first course of the final wearing surface may be at the discretion of the builder if all previous work has been approved by the Engineer.
(3) 
The final wearing surface shall be placed only at the discretion of the Engineer and only after all patches and repairs have been made to the base course as directed. In general, this final surface shall not be installed until a substantial number of homes have been constructed in the subdivision. In no case shall bituminous concrete be placed after November 1 unless specific written approval is granted by the Engineer.

§ 82-8 Storm drainage design criteria.

Storm drainage shall be provided and designed in accordance with the following standards:
A. 
Pipe.
(1) 
Sufficient pipe shall be installed within the subdivision to carry existing watercourses and to drain the proposed roads and/or easements which may reasonably be expected to be constructed at some future date on adjoining property which normally drains across the area of the proposed subdivision or which in the opinion of the Town Engineer would be the most practical course for such drainage. If in his judgment there will be no substantial danger from soil erosion or danger to the public health and safety, the Town Engineer may permit the discharge of rivers and large streams in their natural courses and may permit the discharge of stormwater and established watercourses in open ditches across proposed lots of one acre or larger. All pipe shall be of such diameter (not less than 15 inches) as will in the judgment of the Town Engineer be sufficient to properly carry stormwater expected to enter the pipe from the proposed subdivision and from other properties, when developed, which normally drain across the area of the proposed subdivision. The minimum slope for fifteen-inch pipe shall be 0.75%.
(2) 
The intent of the above subsection is that pipes shall be installed the full length in all proposed roads to permit the connection of house storm drains and cellar drains where required by ground conditions.
B. 
Manholes. Manholes shall be provided at each change in direction or grade of the pipe and shall not be spaced more than 400 feet apart. Manholes shall be constructed as shown on the standard detail. Only precast concrete units or solid concrete blocks shall be used.
C. 
Catch basins.
(1) 
Catch basins shall be provided in order that surface water will not travel without interception more than as shown in the following schedule of grades and distances:
Grade
(percent)
Distance
(linear feet)
0.50 to 1.00
250
1.00 to 2.00
300
2.00 to 5.00
350
5.00 to 8.00
300
8.00 to 10.00
250
(2) 
Each catch basin shall be connected to a manhole or adjacent catch basin where no manhole exists. Construction shall conform to the standard detail. Only precast concrete units or solid concrete blocks shall be used.
D. 
Underdrains.
(1) 
In all roadway areas where a high-water table is found to exist, either before commencing or during actual construction of the roadways the developer shall be required to install underdrains, as directed by the Town Engineer or his duly authorized agent, to protect the stability of the roadway.
(2) 
If required, perforated concrete or metal pipe shall be used, backfilled with washed gravel or crushed rock 1/2 inch nominal size to a depth of at least 12 inches over the top of the pipe. The remainder of the trench shall be backfilled with bank-run gravel as approved by the Town Engineer.
(3) 
Sufficient pitch shall be provided to allow this underground water to run freely to a point of discharge. The size and type of conduit shall be as directed by the Engineer.
E. 
Discharge. The discharge of all stormwater shall be into suitable drainage structures of watercourses. Where the discharge shall be onto private property within or adjoining the proposed subdivision, proper easements and discharge rights for the Town shall be secured by the applicant before approval of the final map and acceptance of the drainage plan by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
[Amended 12-1-1979]

§ 82-9 Storm drainage construction specifications.

The storm drainage system shall be constructed in accordance with the following standards and procedures:
A. 
Pipe. All pipe used shall be of reinforced concrete meeting State Highway Department specifications. In some instances the Engineer may recommend use of corrugated-metal pipe where he feels such pipe will provide a more satisfactory drainage system.
B. 
Joints. The joints of all pipe shall be shoved tight. Pipe laid in sandy, silty or other soil, where in the judgment of the Engineer there is the possibility of silting, shall have joints thoroughly sealed with one-to-three portland cement mortar or other approved method.
C. 
Catch basins and manholes. Catch basins and manholes shall be constructed in accordance with the approved plans. Manholes shall be constructed of solid concrete radial manhole blocks eight inches thick. Catch basins shall be constructed of eight-inch solid concrete blocks.
D. 
Headwalls, culverts and bridges. Headwalls, culverts and bridges shall be constructed, where required, in accordance with good engineering practice and as specified by the Engineer. Cement block construction will not be permitted.
E. 
Open ditches. Open ditches may be permitted at the discretion of the Engineer. The waterway shall be of sufficient size to convey all water expected to be discharged and shall be suitably stabilized against erosion. The side banks shall be moderately sloped, not less than three horizontal to one vertical, and then seeded or otherwise stabilized. Paved bottom sections and riprap slopes shall be provided when directed by the Engineer to prevent scour and erosion.

§ 82-10 Driveway entrances.

Where driveways have been constructed prior to the petition for acceptance, said driveways shall be constructed in accordance with the Bethel Driveway Ordinance.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 50, Driveways.

§ 82-11 Street signs.

Street signs shall be required at all intersections. To insure uniformity, the developer shall pay to the municipality the sum of $50 per required sign, and his responsibility under this provision shall end upon payment of this sum to the Board of Selectmen.

§ 82-12 Mailboxes.

When homes within a subdivision are occupied prior to acceptance of the street, it shall be the responsibility of the developer to erect mailboxes where said street intersects the nearest public highway. The mailboxes shall be erected as directed by the Postmaster, and they shall be maintained in good order until the street is accepted as a public highway. The developer shall remove same when postal service is supplied to the individual home. On a cul-de-sac, all mailboxes shall be placed in a cluster, the location of which shall be determined by the Director of Public Works.

§ 82-13 Guard posts and railings.

When, in the opinion of the Engineer, guardrailing is necessary to protect the traveling public, the subdivider shall install same as directed. The guardrailing shall consist of the two-cable variety or approved equal and shall conform to the applicable State Highway Department specification.

§ 82-14 As-built drawings.

A. 
When the first paving course has been completed, the developer shall submit as-built drawings. Such drawings shall be in ink on plan-profile linen and shall be 36 inches by 24 inches in size. Drawings shall be prepared by a person registered as a professional engineer or land surveyor in the State of Connecticut and shall show the following details:
(1) 
Concrete monuments delineating the right-of-way.
(2) 
Edge of paved surfaces as they relate to right-of-way.
(3) 
A center-line profile of the paved surface.
(4) 
The location and size of all sanitary and storm sewer conduits and structures, including invert elevations of same.
(5) 
Bearings and distances on all right-of-way boundaries tied into the monuments described above.
(6) 
Drainage easements as shown on the approved subdivision plan.
B. 
The original drawings shall be delivered to the office of the Director of Public Works, and said plans shall be reviewed as to conformance with these standards before submission to the Board of Selectmen for consideration.

§ 82-15 Bonds; release of bonds.

Bonds for the construction of new roads and the release thereof shall be in accordance with the Bethel Subdivision Regulations.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 95, Subdivision of Land.

§ 82-16 Manner of acceptance.

A. 
All petitions for the acceptance of new streets as public highways shall be presented to the Board of Selectmen. After inspection, a written report shall be delivered to the petitioner setting forth any repairs which will be necessary to bring the roadway up to standard.
B. 
All repairs and/or modifications shall be effected by the developer. If the Town Engineer determines that the construction meets the standards as set forth herein, and provided that all other statutes and requirements are met, the petition shall be acted upon by the Board of Selectmen.

§ 82-17 Applicability.

The provisions of this chapter shall apply to the construction and acceptance of all roads in the Town of Bethel, the actual construction of which commences subsequent to the effective date of this chapter.

§ 82-18 Provisions on file.

The standards and specifications provided for in this chapter shall be on file and open for inspection in the office of the Director of Public Works.

§ 82-19 Acceptance of existing roads.

[Added 6-28-1989]
A. 
The purpose of this section is to provide a method for certain existing roads to be accepted as Town road.
B. 
Notwithstanding the provisions of this Chapter 82, Code of the Town of Bethel, certain existing roads may be accepted as Town roads by petition. To be eligible for acceptance, the following are required:
(1) 
The road must be in existence at the time of the adoption of this section.
(2) 
The road must provide a sole means of access to at least five existing and detached single-family residential homes.
(3) 
The road must be paved to a minimum width of 18 feet.
(4) 
The road must have a right-of-way a minimum of 50 feet in width for the entire length.
(5) 
If the road is a dead end, it must have a paved cul-de-sac at the dead end of sufficient size to permit a full-sized Town Highway Department truck with plow attached to reverse direction without backing up.
C. 
The petition for acceptance of the road shall be made in the following manner:
(1) 
A petition signed by not less than 2/3 of the owners of existing residential homes abutting said road and also signed by the owner of the road right-of-way, which shall be presented to the Board of Selectmen.
(2) 
A survey and two copies to scale showing the location of the road shall also be presented to the Board of Selectmen. The survey shall be prepared and certified by a surveyor licensed by the State of Connecticut and shall be drawn to a scale of not more than one inch to 100 feet and shall contain the following:
(a) 
The location of the road right-of-way.
(b) 
The location of the paved portion of the road.
(c) 
The location of all catch basins and known drainage pipes.
(d) 
The names of all abutting land owners.
(3) 
Upon receipt of the petition and survey, the Board of Selectmen shall refer the same to the Planning Commission for a report pursuant to Section 8-24 of the Connecticut General Statutes and to the Director of Public Works for an inspection of the subject matter road and follow-up report and comment.
(4) 
Action by Board of Selectmen.
(a) 
Upon receipt of reports from the Planning Commission and the Director of Public Works, the Board of Selectmen shall:
[1] 
Notify the petitioner that certain recommendations, repairs or modifications are required before further action on the petition can be had; or
[2] 
If there are no recommendations, repairs or modifications, the Board of Selectmen shall act on the petition and shall either accept or deny the same as a Town road. In the event the Board of Selectmen shall deny the same as a Town road, it shall specify its reasons in writing and present the same to the petitioner forthwith.
(b) 
In the event the Board of Selectmen accept the road as a Town road, the Board of Selectmen must find that the requirements of Subsection B herein have been met and
[1] 
That all real estate taxes for the roadway due and owing to the Town of Bethel are current; and
[2] 
The road is in safe condition for travel by the public; and
[3] 
Acceptance of the road is in the best interests of the Town, public safety and convenience.
(5) 
No acceptance of any existing road shall be effective until the following have been submitted by the petitioner and approved in both form and substance by Town Counsel:
(a) 
A mylar of the survey referred to in Subsection C(2) herein and certified by the surveyor.
(b) 
A duly executed warranty deed in recordable form conveying the roadway in question to the Town.
(c) 
If required, duly executed easements in recordable form granting all necessary drainage easements.
(d) 
A title insurance policy issued by a title insurance company authorized to do business in the State of Connecticut, insuring the fee to the roadway for the benefit of the Town of Bethel subject only to those drainage easements and standard utility and pole line easements as approved by Town Counsel. In lieu of a title insurance policy, the petitioner may submit a certificate of title from a duly licensed Connecticut attorney certifying ownership of the roadway and subject only to those drainage easements and standard utility and pole line easements. The certificate of title shall be subject to acceptance and approval by Town Counsel.
(e) 
If requested, the petitioner shall submit further documentation and information as required by Town Counsel.