Town of Bethel, CT
Fairfield County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Selectmen of the Town of Bethel 7-17-1964. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Private sewage disposal — See Ch. 88.
Sewer charges — See Ch. 90.

§ 86-1 Purpose.

[Amended 12-1-1979]
In order to assure the proper disposal of sewage and wastewaters and the proper operation and maintenance of the public sewers, sewage treatment plant and other sewage works within the Town of Bethel, Connecticut, and to provide an adequate record of sewers, drains, appurtenances and connections thereto, the following regulations are enacted by the Sewer Authority of the Town of Bethel, Connecticut, under the authority of Chapter 103, Section 7-246, of the General Statutes of Connecticut, Revision of 1958, as amended.

§ 86-2 Definitions and word usage.

A. 
Definitions. Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in these regulations shall be as follows:
BOD (denoting "biochemical oxygen demand")
The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20º C., expressed in milligrams per liter by weight.
BUILDING DRAIN
That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a building drainage system that receives the discharge from the soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five feet outside the inner face of the building wall.
CHLORINE DEMAND
The amount of chlorine which must be added to water or waste to produce a residual chlorine content of at least 1/10 milligram per liter after a minimum contact time of 10 minutes.
COOLING WATER
Includes the wastewater from air-conditioning, industrial cooling, condensing and hydraulically powered equipment or similar apparatus.
DESIGNATED AGENT
A person appointed by the Sewer Authority to represent the Authority in the field.
DRAIN LAYER or CERTIFIED DRAIN LAYER
Either an individual, partnership or corporation to whom the Sewer Authority of the Town of Bethel has issued a certificate to install, alter or repair sewers, sewer connections, house connections, etc., during the period when such certificate is valid, and the proper agents and representatives of such drain layer.
GARBAGE
Solid wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage and sale of produce. "Properly shredded garbage" shall mean garbage which has been shredded so that no garbage particles will be greater than 1/2 inch in any dimension.
NATURAL OUTLET
Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or ground water.
PERSON
Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.
pH
The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
SEWAGE
Wastewater or water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments. "Sewage" shall be further classified as follows:
(1) 
The solid and liquid wastes from toilet and lavatory fixtures, kitchens, laundries, bathtubs, shower baths or equivalent plumbing fixtures as discharged from dwellings, business and industrial buildings.
(2) 
The water-carried wastes of any industrial process, as distinct from domestic or sanitary sewage. All substances carried in industrial wastes, whether dissolved, in suspension or mechanically carried by water, shall be considered as industrial wastes.
SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
SEWAGE WORKS
All facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage or wastewater.
SEWER
The pipe, together with manholes and other structures or equipment appurtenant thereto, provided to carry sewage. "Sewers" shall be further classified as follows:
(1) 
A trunk, main or lateral sewer up to and including the Y-branch or tee provided for connection thereto, and to which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights and which is controlled by public authority. The public sewer does not include the building or house sewer, or the building connection lateral after it is connected with a building sewer.
(2) 
A sewer which carries only sanitary sewage and to which stormwater, subsoil drainage and cooling water are not intentionally admitted.
(3) 
The extension from the building drain to the public sewer.
(4) 
The pipe laid incidental to the original construction of a public sewer from said public sewer up to some point at the side of the street, highway or similar location, and there capped, having been provided and intended for extension and for use at some time thereafter as part of a building or house sewer connection.
SEWER AUTHORITY
The Public Works Commission of the Town of Bethel.
[Amended 12-1-1979]
SEWER DISTRICT
That area within the Town of Bethel which is now or may in the future be served by public sewers.
[Amended 12-1-1979]
SLUG
Any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average twenty-four-hour concentration or flow during normal operation.
STORM SEWER or STORM DRAIN
A pipeline carrying stormwater, subsoil drainage, acceptable cooling water or other reasonably clean waters, but excluding sewage and polluted industrial wastes.
STORMWATER
Includes the runoff or discharge of rain and melted snow or other water from roofs, surfaces of public or private lands or elsewhere. "Stormwater" shall also include subsoil drainage as defined herein.
SUBSOIL DRAINAGE
Includes water from the soil percolating into subsoil drains and through foundation walls, basement floors or underground pipes.
SUSPENDED SOLIDS
Solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in, water, sewage or other liquids, and which are removable by filtering as prescribed in Standard Methods for the Examination of Water, Sewage and Industrial Waste, American Public Health Association.
TOWN
The Town of Bethel, Connecticut.
WATERCOURSE
A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
B. 
Word usage. "Shall" is mandatory; "may" is permissive.

§ 86-3 Disposal of wastes; use of public sewer.

A. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner upon public or private property within the Sewer District of the Town of Bethel any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste.
[Amended 12-1-1979]
B. 
It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet or storm sewer within the Town of Bethel any sanitary sewage, industrial wastes or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of these regulations.
C. 
The owner of all houses, buildings or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purpose, situated within the Sewer District of the Town of Bethel, is hereby required at his expense to install suitable toilet facilities therein and to connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, within 60 days after date of official notice from the Sewer Authority in writing to do so, provided that said public sewer is located or may in the future be located in any street, alley or right-of-way within 200 feet of the property line.
[Amended 12-1-1979]
D. 
Except as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool or other facility intended or used for the disposal of sewage within the Sewer District.

§ 86-4 Private sewage disposal.

A. 
Where a public sanitary sewer is not available under the provisions of § 86-3C, the building sewer shall be connected to a private sewage disposal system complying with the provisions of the Sewage Disposal Ordinance adopted by the Town of Bethel on July 15, 1961.[1]
[Amended 12-1-1979]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 88, Sewage Disposal, Private.
B. 
At such time as a public sewer becomes available to a property served by a private sewage disposal system, as provided in § 86-3C, a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer in compliance with these regulations, and any septic tank, cesspool and similar private sewage disposal facility shall be abandoned.

§ 86-5 Prohibited wastes; treatment of objectionable wastes.

A. 
No person shall discharge into any public sewer of the Town of Bethel any waste, substance or waters other than such kinds or types of waters or water-carried wastes for the conveyance of which the particular public sewer is intended, designed or provided.
[Amended 12-1-1979]
B. 
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any compressed air, steam, stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, cooling water, air-conditioning and refrigerating wastewaters or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.
C. 
Except as hereinafter provided, no person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewer:
(1) 
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150º F.
(2) 
Any water or waste which may contain more than 100 milligrams per liter by weight of fat, oil, wax or grease, or containing other substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures between 32º and 150º F.
(3) 
Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, alcohol, tar, fuel oil or any other flammable or explosive liquid, solid, gas or vapor.
(4) 
Any garbage except properly shredded garbage. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipped with a motor of 3/4 horsepower or greater shall be subject to the review and approval of the Sewer Authority.
(5) 
Any ashes, cinders, stones, sand, mud, straw, grass clippings, shavings, sawdust, metal, sticks, coarse rubbish, glass, rags, feathers, plastics, waste rubber, wood, paunch manure, animal guts or tissues, entrails, blood, hair, hides or other substance likely to damage, destroy or cause an obstruction to the flow in any sewer or which may interfere with the proper operation of the sewage works.
(6) 
Any waters, sewage or wastes having a pH lower than 5.0 or higher than 9.5, or having any other corrosive or detrimental property capable of causing damage or hazard to the sewage works or personnel.
(7) 
Toxic, poisonous and radioactive wastes.
(a) 
Any waters or wastes containing a toxic, poisonous or radioactive substance in sufficient quantity to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process or to constitute a hazard to humans, animals or marine life or create any hazard in the receiving waters. The following toxic or poisonous substances shall not be present in any appreciable quantity of industrial or commercial process discharges in excess of the following limits in milligrams per liter by weight:
[1] 
Cyanides: one milligram per liter.
[2] 
Copper, zinc, nickel, cadmium, iron, chromium, lead, tin, silver, mercury or other metals, or the salts thereof: five milligrams per liter.
(b) 
Radioactive wastes or materials may be discharged into a public sewer if Conditions I and II below are met and if either Condition III or IV is also met, provided that such discharges are in compliance with applicable state or federal regulations:
[1] 
Condition I: Such wastes must be readily soluble or dispersible in water.
[2] 
Condition II: The gross quantity of all radioactive materials so discharged must not exceed one curie per year.
[3] 
Condition III: The daily quantity of any radioactive material, if diluted by the average daily volume of sewage discharged into the system from the installation, must not exceed the maximum concentrations allowed by the regulations of the United States Atomic Energy Commission.
[4] 
Condition IV: Daily quantities of radioactive materials up to the maximum permitted by the United States Atomic Energy Commission may be so discharged, provided that the total monthly quantities, if diluted by the average monthly volume of sewage discharged from the installation, do not exceed the concentrations permissible under Condition III above.
(8) 
Any noxious, malodorous or taste-producing gas, vapor or substance, such as phenols, capable of creating a public or private nuisance or which may prove toxic to sewage treatment processes or which may exceed acceptable limits for discharge to receiving waters.
(9) 
Materials which exert or cause:
(a) 
Unusual concentrations of inert suspended solids, such as but not limited to fuller's earth, lime slurries and lime residues, or of dissolved solids, such as but not limited to sodium chloride and sodium sulfate.
(b) 
Excessive discoloration, such as but not limited to dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions.
(c) 
Unusual BOD, suspended solids, chemical oxygen demand or chlorine requirements in such quantities as to constitute a significant load on the sewage treatment works.
(d) 
Unusual volume of flow or concentration of wastes constituting slugs as defined herein.
(10) 
Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the sewage treatment processes employed, or are amenable to treatment only to such degree that the sewage treatment plant effluent cannot meet the requirements of other agencies having jurisdiction over discharge to the receiving waters.
D. 
If any waters or wastes are discharged or are proposed to be discharged to the public sewers, which waters contain the substances or possess the characteristics enumerated in Subsection C and which in the judgment of the Sewer Authority may have a deleterious effect upon the sewage works, processes, equipment or receiving waters or which otherwise create a hazard to life or constitute a public nuisance, the Sewer Authority may:
(1) 
Reject the wastes;
(2) 
Require pretreatment to an acceptable condition for discharge to the public sewers;
(3) 
Require control over the quantities and rates of discharge; and/or
(4) 
Require payment to cover the added cost of handling and treating the wastes not covered by existing taxes or sewer charges.
E. 
Determination of exclusion of wastes. In determining whether any waste discharged or proposed to be discharged into any public sewer is to be excluded, consideration will be given to the quantity, time or times, rate and manner of discharge, dilution and character of the waste in question, the size of the sewer into which the waste is to be discharged, the probable quantity of sewage or other wastes likely in said sewer and other pertinent facts. Minute quantities of a waste which would be objectionable in larger quantity may be accepted if sufficiently diluted when and as discharged, or if the quantity discharged is small as compared with the flow in the receiving sewer, but any permission to discharge minute quantities of an otherwise excluded waste shall be revocable at any time by the Sewer Authority.
F. 
Pretreatment facilities.
(1) 
At all premises where wastes or substances specified to be excluded from public sewers by these regulations are present and liable to be discharged directly or indirectly into said sewers, suitable and sufficient piping layouts, oil, grease, sand and flammable waste traps or absolute grease separators, screens, settling tanks, diluting devices, storage or regulating chambers, treatment, cooling or other equipment and devices shall be provided. These shall be maintained and properly operated by the owner of the premises or his agent at his expense to ensure that no waste or substance is discharged in violation of these regulations.
(2) 
On premises where any of the wastes or substances as described in Subsection C of this section are present, the Sewer Authority may require the owner to provide, operate and maintain at his (the owner's) expense a sampling well or wells, flow measuring devices, manholes or other appurtenances, all readily accessible, on the building sewer or drain from said premises near the point where said sewer or drain connects to the public sewer. By means of said sampling well or wells, flow measuring devices or other appurtenances, the owner, the occupants of said premises, the Sewer Authority's designated agent or any public officer having legal jurisdiction may secure samples of or examine the wastes being discharged into the public sewer, for the purpose of determining compliance or noncompliance with the requirements of these regulations. In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the building sewer is connected.
(3) 
If the Sewer Authority permits the pretreatment or equalization of waste flows, the design and installation of the plants and equipment shall be subject to the review and approval of the Sewer Authority and of any and all state regulatory agencies having jurisdiction, and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until said approvals are obtained in writing.
(4) 
On premises where pretreatment plants and equipment are to be installed, the Sewer Authority may require the owner to provide a control valve to permit prohibited discharges to be diverted away from the public sewer in the event of a malfunction of such pretreatment facilities. The control valve will be under the sole jurisdiction of the Sewer Authority, and no person other than the Sewer Authority's designated agent will be permitted its use.
G. 
The Sewer Authority's designated agent shall have the right to enter and inspect any part of the premises served by public sewers upon which there may be reason to believe that violations of the requirements of these regulations have occurred or are likely to occur, for the purpose of ascertaining the facts as to such violation or suspected violation, or of obtaining samples of wastes, or of inspecting flow measuring devices or treatment facilities provided to prevent prohibited discharges, or of regulating discharges through control valves.
H. 
All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of water and wastes to which reference is made in this section shall be determined in accordance with the Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Sewage, published by the American Public Health Association.
I. 
No statement contained in this section shall be construed as preventing any special agreement or arrangement between the Sewer Authority and any industrial concern whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the Sewer Authority for treatment, subject to payment therefor by the industrial concern.

§ 86-6 Discharge of effluents from private systems into public sewers.

A. 
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged into any public sewer, either directly or indirectly, any overflow or effluent from a septic tank, cesspool, subsurface drainage trench, bed or filter or other receptacle storing organic waste.
B. 
The contents of privy vaults, septic tanks or cesspools may be delivered and will be processed at the municipal sewage treatment plant, provided that:
(1) 
Such contents were accumulated and located on property within the Town of Bethel.
(2) 
Such contents consist only of domestic or commercial wastes, excluding any industrial wastes or substances specified to be excluded from public sewers by these regulations.
(3) 
Such contents are transported in sanitary, watertight vehicles, equipped with a suitable valve outlet and meeting such requirements as may be stipulated by local or state health agencies.
(4) 
A permit is issued by the Sewer Authority for the discharge of such contents. A permit fee may be set by the Sewer Authority for each tank load of such wastes.
(5) 
Delivery of such contents is made to the sewage treatment plant site on weekdays between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. and on Saturdays between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 11:30 a.m., except holidays.
(6) 
One or more copies of the permit form for the discharge of such contents are surrendered to the sewage treatment plant operator or his agent, and that such operator or his agent accepts the delivery as containing no substances or wastes known to be harmful to the sewage treatment plant or its treatment processes.
C. 
Permits issued under this section shall be void after 30 days from date of issuance. All permits are subject to cancellation, revocation or suspension by the Sewer Authority when such action is deemed necessary to safeguard the sewage works.

§ 86-7 Permit required to work in or on public sewers.

A. 
Connections, alterations or repairs to any public sewer or the manholes or other appurtenances of said sewer system under the jurisdiction of the Sewer Authority shall not be made by any person without a permit issued by the Sewer Authority.
B. 
No unauthorized person shall open the cover of, enter or alter any manhole or other appurtenance of any public sewer; no person shall place or insert in any public sewer or its appurtenances any foreign material which said sewer or its appurtenances was not intended to receive; nor shall any person damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper in any way with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is a part of the sewage works. Any person violating this provision of these regulations shall be subject to arrest under a charge of disorderly conduct.

§ 86-8 Building or house sewer permits.

A. 
There shall be two classes of building sewer permits: Class A for residential and commercial service and Class B for service to industrial establishments. In either case, the owner or his agent shall make application on a special form furnished by the Sewer Authority. The application shall state the location and character of the work to be performed, the person granted permission to perform such work, the time limit for completion of the work, the general character of the wastes which are or may be discharged into the public sewer and any other pertinent information or conditions. The permit application shall be supplemented by plans and specifications of the proposed building sewer. A permit and inspection fee of $10 for each Class A permit and $20 for each Class B permit shall be paid to the Treasurer, Town of Bethel, at the time the application is filed.
B. 
All costs and expenses incident to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner. All building sewers shall be maintained by the owner of the property served. When a building connection lateral has been connected with a building sewer, the lateral shall become and thereafter be a part of such building connection and shall be maintained at the expense of the owner or owners of the property served.
C. 
A permit for excavating any street shall be obtained from the Board of Selectmen of the Town of Bethel, and in the event that such street excavation is within the limits of any state highway, a permit shall be obtained from the State of Connecticut Highway Department, and said permit or permits must accompany the application for a building sewer permit.
D. 
No person other than those working for and under the direction of the Sewer Authority shall excavate, construct, install, lay, repair, alter or remove any building sewer or any appurtenance thereof if such sewer is connected or is intended at some future time to be connected, directly or indirectly, into any public sewer until said person has a permit secured by the owner or his agent of the property in question for doing such work, and further provided that said person has been granted a certificate to perform such work by the Sewer Authority under the stipulations and requirements of § 86-9 of these regulations.
E. 
Any permit may be suspended, revoked or terminated by the Sewer Authority on written notice to the permittee for violation of the conditions thereof or for any violation of the requirements of these regulations or for other reasons in the public interest.

§ 86-9 Persons authorized to do sewer work.

A. 
Only the following person or persons shall construct, repair, alter or remove building sewers or make connections therefrom to a public sewer:
(1) 
Regular forces of, or a contractor employed by, the Sewer Authority.
(2) 
Any person who shall have been certified by the Sewer Authority to perform work of this type during the period provided by the certificate and under the conditions of the certificate. Such persons shall be called certified drain layers as defined in § 86-2. Plumbers and others may work on pipes within and not more than five feet outside the walls of any structure without said certification, provided that no connection to a public sewer shall be made by such persons without a permit from the Sewer Authority, irrespective of the distance of said public sewer to the structure in question. All drains and fixtures within structures shall be connected by plumbers and others in conformity with the requirements of these regulations as to what may or what shall not be discharged into public sewers.
B. 
The following regulations shall apply to certified drain layers:
(1) 
Any person desiring to be certified as a drain layer in the Sewer District of the Town of Bethel shall file an application in writing with the Sewer Authority, furnishing such information as the Sewer Authority may require with respect to his qualifications and the qualifications of his personnel. The fee for a drain layer's certificate shall be $25, which shall be paid before any certificate is granted. Within a period of 30 days after the filing of an application and after making such investigation as the Sewer Authority deems necessary, a certificate will be issued by the Sewer Authority to any applicant who is deemed to be qualified on the basis of experience and training.
[Amended 12-1-1979]
(2) 
Each certificate shall expire on December 31 of the year in which issued, shall be nontransferable and may be renewed annually upon the payment of a renewal fee of $25.
(3) 
The Sewer Authority may at any time revoke the certificate of a drain layer for any violation of these regulations.
(4) 
Any person certified as a drain layer shall give personal attention to the work performed and shall employ only competent persons who are familiar with these regulations.
(5) 
Each certified drain layer shall file with the Sewer Authority a performance and guaranty bond, which shall remain in full force for at least 13 months from date of application, in the amount of not less than $2,000, in form and with surety satisfactory to the Sewer Authority. Such surety shall include that the applicant shall indemnify the Town of Bethel for any negligence or omission of the applicant or his agents while operating under the certificate granted by the Sewer Authority; that the applicant shall reimburse the Town of Bethel for any expense to said Town arising from any injury or damage to any sewer or other property of said Town, or by reason of any violation by the applicant or his agents of any requirement of these regulations; that the applicant shall faithfully execute all work required under the certificate as granted; that the applicant shall restore that portion of any street or public place in which the applicant may have made an excavation incidental to his work to as good a condition as it was prior to said work and also shall maintain said street or public place in like good condition to the satisfaction of said municipality for a period of six months after said restoration; that the applicant shall reimburse the Town of Bethel or the state for the expense of repairs to any street or public place made necessary by reason of any excavation made by the applicant; and that the applicant shall comply with all rules, regulations, laws, ordinances, etc., relative to work in public streets and public places.
(6) 
Each certified drain layer shall file with the Sewer Authority a certificate or certificates of public liability and property damage insurance, which shall remain in full force for at least 13 months from the date of application, in an amount of not less than $100,000 for injuries, including accidental death, to any one person and, subject to the same limit for each person, in an amount of not less than $100,000 on account of any one accident and property damage insurance in an amount not less than $10,000. The Town of Bethel and the Sewer Authority shall be included as an assured, or, in lieu thereof, the drain layer shall file with the Sewer Authority an owner's protective liability and property damage insurance policy in the same limits as aforementioned. Each insurance certificate and policy shall contain a statement by the insurance carrier that it will not cancel the policy or policies except upon 15 days' notice to the Town of Bethel and the Sewer Authority.
(7) 
Each certified drain layer shall file with the Sewer Authority a certificate of policy covering workmen's compensation insurance, which shall remain in full force for at least 13 months from date of application.

§ 86-10 Regulations for building sewers, connections and appurtenances.

The following requirements of this section shall apply to any person certified by the Sewer Authority to do sewer work and who has a building or house sewer permit to do such sewer work, as provided in §§ 86-8 and 86-9 of these regulations.
A. 
No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, exterior foundation drains, areaway drains or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.
B. 
Old building sewers may be used and connected to a public sewer only when they are found on examination or test by the Sewer Authority's designated agent to meet all requirements of this section. The Sewer Authority may require, where indicated, the uncovering of old sewers for inspection.
C. 
A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building, except that, when two or more buildings are so situated that separate and independent building sewers for each building would be impractical or impose unnecessary hardship, the Sewer Authority may authorize a single building sewer connection to the public sewer, subject to such terms and conditions as to easement, design and construction as the Sewer Authority may require.
D. 
No building shall be connected to a public sewer unless the plumbing system of said building has a soil vent pipe extended to a point above the roof. The Sewer Authority may require that no running trap, main house trap or other device which might prevent the free flow of air throughout the whole course of the building sewer, house drain and said soil vent pipe will be allowed.
E. 
The building sewer shall be cast-iron soil pipe, vitrified clay sewer pipe, asbestos-cement sewer pipe or plastic pipe of the type known as "polyvinyl chloride (PVC) sewer pipe, Type I, Grade l," or equal. Any material other than those listed must have the approval of the Sewer Authority. All pipe materials shall conform with the latest standard specification of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Wherever possible, water service and house sewer pipes shall be laid in separate trenches. Where laid in the same trench, the water pipe shall be laid on a bench at least 12 inches above the top of the sewer pipe and at least 12 inches, and preferably 18 inches, from the side of the sewer trench. Cast-iron pipe with leaded joints may be required by the Sewer Authority where the building sewer is exposed to damage by tree roots. If installed in filled or unstable ground, the building sewer shall be of cast-iron soil pipe, except that nonmetallic material may be accepted if laid on a suitable concrete bed or cradle as approved by the Sewer Authority. No building sewer shall be located within five feet of a cellar drain or groundwater drain unless pipe is of cast iron with leaded joints.
F. 
The size and slope of the building sewer shall be subject to the approval of the Sewer Authority, but in no event shall the pipe diameter be less than four inches, nor shall the slope of such building sewer be less than 1/8 inch per foot.
G. 
In all buildings where the building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sewage or other wastewaters carried by such drain shall be lifted by approved artificial means and discharged to the building or house connection lateral through a cast-iron force main or asbestos-cement pressure pipe. All joints, including that with the building sewer, shall be made gastight and watertight by a method approved by the Sewer Authority.
H. 
All excavations required for the installation of a building sewer shall be open trench work unless otherwise approved by the Sewer Authority. In every case work shall proceed from the house connection lateral or Y-branch to the structure involved, and pipe laying shall start at said building or house connection lateral or Y-branch and proceed toward the structure to be served. In no event shall pipelaying start at the building or structure involved and proceed toward the public sewer.
I. 
Whenever possible the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor, No building sewer shall be laid parallel to or within three feet of any bearing wall which might thereby be weakened. The depth of the building sewer shall be sufficient to afford protection from frost, and in general such depth shall not be less than 30 inches below the finished ground surface at all points. All building sewers shall be laid at uniform grade and in straight alignment insofar as possible. Changes in direction shall be made only with properly curved pipe and fittings. Building sewers shall be laid on firm, undisturbed soil or a suitable foundation; they shall be located at a sufficient distance from other parallel pipes to permit alterations or repairs to any such pipes or to the sewer pipe without disturbing the other; they shall be well cleaned inside after laying; and they shall conform to all reasonable requirements for good construction. Backfill placed over building sewers shall be done with hand tools to a depth of at least one foot over the pipe, using fine earth free from stones and rubbish. Backfill shall be well and carefully tamped over the sewer. The open ends of building sewers, building drains and building connection laterals shall be kept closed or protected during construction and during periods when work is suspended, in order to exclude from the public sewer all water or debris which might obstruct, damage or otherwise be detrimental to the public sewer or sewage works. Abandoned building sewers or drains shall be likewise promptly closed and sealed off from any public sewer at the expense of the owner of the property.
J. 
All joints and connections for or between building sewers, building drains and building connection laterals shall be made gastight and watertight, as follows. No jointing material other than those listed may be used without prior approval of the Sewer Authority.
(1) 
Cast-iron pipe joints shall be firmly packed with oakum or hemp and filled with molten lead, Federal Specification QQ-L-156, not less than one inch deep. Lead shall be run in one pouring and caulked tight. No paint, varnish or other coatings shall be permitted on the jointing material until the joint has been tested and approved.
(2) 
Joints on plastic sewer pipe shall be made with solvent cement consisting of a viscous, brushable solution of polyvinyl chloride in suitable active solvents or rubber gaskets.
(3) 
All joints in vitrified clay pipe, asbestos-cement pipe or other approved pipe or between such pipes and metals shall be made with rubber or similar gaskets. Hot-poured jointing materials or cement mortar shall not be approved.
K. 
The connection of the building sewer to the public sewer shall be made at the curb fitting, if provided, or at the Y-branch, if such branch is available at a suitable location. If the public sewer is 12 inches in diameter or less and no properly located Y-branch is available, the owner shall at his expense install a Y-branch in the public sewer at the location specified by the Sewer Authority and under the direct supervision of the Sewer Authority's designated agent. Where the public sewer is greater than 12 inches in diameter and no properly located Y-branch is available, a neat hole may be cut into the public sewer to receive the building sewer, at the location specified by the Sewer Authority and under the direct supervision of the Sewer Authority's designated agent. Entry shall be made in the downstream direction at an angle of about 45º. A forty-five-degree ell may be used to make such connection, with the spigot end cut so as not to extend past the inner surface of the public sewer. Where the public sewers are of asbestos-cement sewer pipe, the connection may be made with a cast-iron saddle, in the event that no fitting is available on the public sewer. The invert of the building sewer at the point of connection of twelve-inch-diameter sewers or larger shall be connected to either match the center lines of such sewers or be higher. A smooth, neat joint shall be made and the connection made secure and watertight by encasement in concrete. Special fittings may be used for the connection only when approved by the Sewer Authority.
L. 
When excavation is to be made in a street or highway, work shall proceed in full accordance with the Town and/or state specifications for such work.
M. 
When the building sewer trench has been excavated and the building sewer constructed, altered or repaired and is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer, the Sewer Authority shall be notified during regular working hours, not less than 12 hours in advance of the time when the connection to the public sewer is planned. The connection of the building sewer to the public sewer shall be made under the direct supervision of the Sewer Authority's designated agent, and a record of all said connections shall be kept by the Sewer Authority. Under no circumstances shall backfill be permitted around and over the pipe until the pipe, joints, lines, elevations and workmanship has been inspected and approved by the Sewer Authority's designated agent. If any person constructs, installs, alters or repairs any building sewer or drain connecting with a public sewer in the Town of Bethel in violation of any section of these regulations or fails to give adequate notice to the Sewer Authority for an inspection of the work, said Sewer Authority may order all or any portion of said work to be uncovered for inspection and approval.
N. 
All excavations for building sewer installations shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard.
O. 
If any person, after proper order or direction from the Sewer Authority, fails to remedy any violation of this section or of any other section of these regulations, the Sewer Authority may disconnect the building sewer of the property where the violation exists from the public sewer and may collect the cost of making such disconnection from any person or persons responsible for or willfully concerned in or who profited by such violation of the requirements of these regulations.

§ 86-11 Power and authority of inspectors.

The Sewer Authority's designated agent or other duly authorized employees of the Town bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter upon all properties for the purposes of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling and testing, in accordance with the provisions of these regulations.

§ 86-12 Violations and penalties.

A. 
Any person found to be violating any provision of these regulations, except § 86-7, shall be served by the Town of Bethel with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
B. 
Any person who shall violate any provision of these regulations shall be fined not more than $100. Each day that any violation of these regulations continues and each day that any person continues to discharge prohibited wastes or substances into any public sewer shall be deemed to be a separate offense for the purpose of applying the penalty provided in this section.
[Amended 12-1-1979]
C. 
Any person violating any of the provisions of these regulations shall be liable to the Town of Bethel for any expense, loss or damage occasioned the municipality by reason of such violation.