Frederick County, VA
 
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[Adopted 1-8-1997 [1]; amended in its entirety 1-9-2013]
[1]:
Editor's Note: This ordinance also repealed former Art. XIV, General Business License Provisions, adopted 2-28-1990 (Ch. 9, Art. XVIII, of the 1984 Frederick County Code), as amended; former Art. XV, Classified Business and Occupational License Provisions, adopted 2-28-1990 (Ch. 9, Art. XVIII-A, of the 1984 Frederick County Code), as amended; and former Art. XVI, Special License Provisions, adopted 2-28-1990 (Ch. 9, Art. XVIII-B, of the 1984 Frederick County Code), as amended.

§ 155-68 Overriding conflicting ordinances.

§ 155-69 Definitions.

§ 155-70 Purpose.

§ 155-71 License deemed personal privilege.

§ 155-72 Applicability.

§ 155-73 License requirement.

§ 155-74 Levying of annual license taxes.

§ 155-75 New businesses and filing deadlines.

§ 155-76 License application.

§ 155-77 Compliance with zoning regulations.

§ 155-78 Payment; delinquent payments; late filing; grace period.

§ 155-79 Situs of gross receipts.

§ 155-80 Limitations and extensions.

§ 155-81 Appeals and rulings.

§ 155-82 Recordkeeping and audits.

§ 155-83 Gross receipts; exclusions and deductions from gross receipts.

§ 155-84 Persons separately licensed.

§ 155-85 Proration of tax.

§ 155-86 Transfer of license.

§ 155-87 Evidence of business.

§ 155-88 Assessment of omitted license taxes.

§ 155-89 Refund of license taxes.

§ 155-90 Merchants going out of business.

§ 155-91 Acts of General Assembly.

§ 155-92 Exemption.

§ 155-93 Enforcement.

§ 155-94 Construal of provisions.

§ 155-95 Minimum tax on classified business and occupations.

§ 155-96 License fee and tax.

§ 155-97 Amusement machine operators.

§ 155-98 Carnivals, circuses and trained animal shows.

§ 155-99 Fortunetellers.

§ 155-100 Itinerant and distressed merchandise vendors.

§ 155-101 Junk dealers.

§ 155-102 Pawnbrokers.

§ 155-103 Peddlers.

§ 155-104 Public utilities.

§ 155-105 Claim adjusters.

§ 155-106 Auction sales.

§ 155-107 Gasoline and oil sale and distribution.

§ 155-108 Milk bottling plants; milk distributors.

§ 155-109 Bank franchise tax.

§ 155-110 Violations and penalties.

§ 155-111 Precious metals dealers.

§ 155-112 Flea markets.

§ 155-113 Contractor to provide list of subcontractors.

§ 155-68 Overriding conflicting ordinances.

Except as may be otherwise provided by the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and notwithstanding any other current ordinances or resolutions enacted by Frederick County, whether or not compiled in the Code of this jurisdiction, to the extent of any conflict, the provisions of this article shall be applicable to the levy, assessment and collection of licenses required and taxes imposed on businesses, trades, professions and callings and upon the persons, firms and corporations engaged therein within this County.

§ 155-69 Definitions.

For the purposes of this article, unless otherwise required by the context, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
A. 
One or more chains of includable corporations connected through stock ownership with a common parent corporation which is an includable corporation if:
(1) 
Stock possessing at least 80% of the voting power of all classes of stock and at least 80% of each class of the nonvoting stock of each of the includable corporations, except the common parent corporation, is owned directly by one or more of the other includable corporations; and
(2) 
The common parent corporation directly owns stock possessing at least 80% of the voting power of all classes of stock and at least 80% of each class of the nonvoting stock of at least one of the other includable corporations. As used in this subdivision, the term "stock" does not include nonvoting stock which is limited and preferred as to dividends. The term "includable corporation" means any corporation within the affiliated group irrespective of the state or country of its incorporation; and the term "receipts" includes gross receipts and gross income.
B. 
Two or more corporations if five or fewer persons who are individuals, estates or trusts own stock possessing:
(1) 
At least 80% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote or at least 80% of the total value of shares of all classes of the stock of each corporation; and
(2) 
More than 50% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote or more than 50% of the total value of shares of all classes of stock of each corporation, taking into account the stock ownership of each such person only to the extent such stock ownership is identical with respect to each such corporation. When one or more of the includable corporations, including the common parent corporation, is a nonstock corporation, the term "stock" as used in this subdivision shall refer to the nonstock corporation membership or membership voting rights, as is appropriate to the context.
ASSESSMENT
A determination as to the proper rate of tax, the measure to which the tax rate is applied and ultimately the amount of tax, including additional or omitted tax, that is due. An assessment shall include a written assessment made pursuant to notice by the assessing official or a self-assessment made by a taxpayer upon the filing of a return or otherwise not pursuant to notice. Assessments shall be deemed made by an assessing official when a written notice of assessment is delivered to the taxpayer by the assessing official or an employee of the assessing official or mailed to the taxpayer at his last known address. Self-assessments shall be deemed made when a return is filed or, if no return is required, when the tax is paid. A return filed or tax paid before the last day prescribed by ordinance for the filing or payment thereof shall be deemed to be filed or paid on the last day specified for the filing of a return or the payment of tax, as the case may be.
ASSESSOR or ASSESSING OFFICIAL
The Commissioner of the Revenue of Frederick County.
BASE YEAR
The calendar year preceding the license year except for contractors subject to the provisions of § 58.1-3715, Code of Virginia.
BROKER
An agent of a buyer or a seller who buys or sells stocks, bonds, commodities or services, usually on a commission basis.
BUSINESS
A course of dealing which requires the time, attention and labor of the person so engaged for the purpose of earning a livelihood or profit. It implies a continuous and regular course of dealing, rather than an irregular or isolated transaction. A person may be engaged in more than one business. The following acts shall create a rebuttable presumption that a person is engaged in a business: advertising or otherwise holding oneself out to the public as being engaged in a particular business; or filing tax returns, schedules and documents that are required only of persons engaged in a trade or business.
COMMODITY
Staples such as wool, cotton, etc., which are traded on a commodity exchange and on which there is trading in futures.
CONTRACTOR
Has the meaning prescribed in § 58.1-3714B, of the Code of Virginia, as amended, whether such work is done or offered to be done by day labor, general contract or subcontract. "Contractor" means any persons, firm or corporation:
A. 
Accepting or offering to accept orders or contracts for doing any work on or in any building or structure requiring the use of paint, stone, brick, mortar, wood, cement, structural iron or steel, sheet iron, galvanized iron, metallic piping, tin, lead or other metal or any other building material;
B. 
Accepting or offering to accept contracts to do any paving, curbing or other work on sidewalks, streets, alleys or highways or public or private property, using asphalt, brick, stone, cement, concrete, wood or any composition;
C. 
Accepting or offering to accept an order for or contract to excavate earth, rock or other material for foundation or any other purpose or for cutting, trimming or maintaining rights-of-way;
D. 
Accepting or offering to accept an order or contract to construct any sewer of stone, brick, terra cotta or other material;
E. 
Accepting or offering to accept orders or contracts for doing any work on or in any building or premises involving the erecting, installing, altering, repairing, servicing or maintaining of electric wiring, devices or appliances permanently connected to such wiring or the erecting, repairing or maintaining of lines for the transmission or distribution of electric light and power;
F. 
Accepting or offering to accept an order or contract to remodel, repair, wreck or demolish a building;
G. 
Accepting or offering to accept an order or contract to bore or dig a well;
H. 
Accepting or offering to accept an order or contract to install, maintain or repair air-conditioning apparatus or equipment; or
I. 
Engaging in the business of plumbing and steam fitting.
DEALER
Any person engaged in the business of buying and selling securities for his own account, but does not include a bank, or any person insofar as he buys or sells securities for his own account, either individually or in some fiduciary capacity, but not as part of a regular business.
DEFINITE PLACE OF BUSINESS
An office or a location at which occurs a regular and continuous course of dealing for 30 consecutive days or more. A definite place of business for a person engaged in business may include a location leased or otherwise obtained from another person on a temporary or seasonal basis; and real property leased to another. A person's residence shall be deemed to be a definite place of business if there is no definite place of business maintained elsewhere and the person is not licensable as a peddler or itinerant merchant.
DIRECT SELLER
Any person who engages in the trade or business of selling or soliciting the sale of consumer products primarily in private residences and maintains no public location for the conduct of such business. Direct sellers receive remuneration for such activities, with substantially all of such remuneration being directly related to sales or other sales oriented services rather than to the number of hours worked. Direct sellers perform such activities pursuant to a written contract between such person and the person for whom the activities are performed, and such contract provides that such person will not be treated as an employee with respect to such activities for federal tax purposes.
FINANCIAL SERVICES
The buying, selling, handling, managing, investing and providing of advice regarding money, credit, securities and other investments, and shall include the service for compensation by a credit agency, an investment company, a broker or dealer in securities and commodities or a security or commodity exchange, unless such service is otherwise provided for in this article.
GROSS RECEIPTS
The whole, entire, total receipts attributable to the licensed privilege, without deduction, except as may be limited by the provisions of Chapter 37 of Title 58.1 of the Code of Virginia.
ITINERANT MERCHANT
Includes each person or company who shall engage in or transact any temporary or transient business in Frederick County and who, for the purpose of carrying on such business, occupies any location for a period of less than one year.
LICENSE YEAR
The calendar year for which a license is issued for the privilege of engaging in business. Itinerant merchants by their nature and as defined in § 58.1-3717B, Code of Virginia, are licensed for less than one year.
PERSONAL SERVICES
Rendering for compensation any repair, personal, business or other services not specifically classified as financial, real estate or professional service under this article or rendered in any other business or occupation not specifically classified in this article unless exempted from local license tax by Title 58.1 of the Code of Virginia.
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES
Services performed by architects, attorneys at law, certified public accountants, dentists, engineers, land surveyors, surgeons, veterinarians and practitioners of the healing arts (the arts and sciences dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cure or alleviation of human physical or mental ailments, conditions, diseases, pain or infirmities) and such occupations, and no others, as the Virginia Department of Taxation may list in the BPOL guidelines promulgated pursuant to § 58.1-3701, Code of Virginia. The Department shall identify and list each occupation or vocation in which a professed knowledge of some department of science or learning, gained by a prolonged course of specialized instruction and study is used by its practical application to the affairs of others, either advising, guiding or teaching them, and in serving their interests or welfare in the practice of an art or science founded on it. The word "profession" implies attainments in professional knowledge as distinguished from mere skill and the application of knowledge to uses for others rather than for personal profit.
PURCHASES
All goods, wares and merchandise received for sale at each definite place of business of a wholesale merchant. The term shall also include the cost of manufacture of all goods, wares and merchandise manufactured by any wholesaler or wholesale merchant and sold or offered for sale. Such merchant may elect to report the gross receipts from the sale of manufactured goods, wares and merchandise if it cannot determine or chooses not to disclose the cost of manufacture.
REAL ESTATE SERVICES
Rendering a service for compensation as lessor, buyer, seller, agent or broker and providing a real estate service, unless the service is otherwise specifically provided for in this article, and such services include, but are not limited to, the following:
A. 
Appraisers of real estate.
B. 
Escrow agents, real estate.
C. 
Fiduciaries, real estate.
D. 
Lessors of real property.
E. 
Real estate agents, brokers and managers.
F. 
Real estate selling agents.
G. 
Rental agents for real estate.
RETAILER or RETAIL MERCHANT
Any person or merchant who sells goods, wares and merchandise for use or consumption by the purchaser or for any purpose other than resale by the purchaser, but does not include sales at wholesale to institutional, commercial and industrial users.
SECURITY
Has the same meaning as in the Securities Act (§ 13.1-501 et seq.) of the Code of Virginia or in similar laws of the United States regulating the sale of securities. Those engaged in rendering financial services include, but without limitation, the following:
A. 
Buying installment receivables.
B. 
Chattel mortgage financing.
C. 
Consumer financing.
D. 
Credit card services.
E. 
Credit unions.
F. 
Factors.
G. 
Financing accounts receivable.
H. 
Industrial loan companies.
I. 
Installment financing.
J. 
Inventory financing.
K. 
Loan or mortgage brokers.
L. 
Loan or mortgage companies.
M. 
Safety deposit box companies.
N. 
Security and commodity brokers and services.
O. 
Stockbrokers.
P. 
Working capital financing.
SERVICES
Things purchased by a customer which do not have physical characteristics, or which are not goods, wares or merchandise.
WHOLESALER or WHOLESALE MERCHANT
Any person or merchant who sells wares and merchandise for resale by the purchaser, including sales when the goods, wares and merchandise will be incorporated into goods and services for sale, and also includes sales to institutional, commercial, government and industrial users which because of the quantity, price or other terms indicate that they are consistent with sales at wholesale.

§ 155-70 Purpose.

It is the purpose and policy of the Board of Supervisors, in enacting this article imposing a license tax for the privilege of conducting business and engaging in certain professions, trades and occupations in Frederick County, to equalize as far as practicable the burden of such license taxation among those hereby liable thereto by adopting for general law (or to any restrictions or exceptions as may be imposed specifically hereafter) a system of license taxes measured by the gross receipts of the business, profession, trade or occupation on which the tax is levied.

§ 155-71 License deemed personal privilege.

Every license issued under the provisions of this article shall be a personal privilege to transact, carry on or conduct the business or profession, trade or occupation which is the subject of the license and shall not be exercised except by the person licensed.

§ 155-72 Applicability.

Each and all of the taxes hereinafter imposed are imposed upon the privilege of doing business or engaging in a profession or occupation in Frederick County, including all phases of the business, profession, trade or occupation conducted in this County.
A. 
Nonresidents. Businesses, professions, trades or occupations for which a gross receipts license tax or set fee is levied which are carried on or conducted only in part within the County limits by a person having a regularly established place of business therein shall subject such person to these provisions, conditions and rates. In such cases where only part of the business, profession, trade or occupation is so conducted or carried on within the County, the tax liability shall be measured by only that portion of the business, profession, trade, occupation or employment conducted or carried on within the Frederick County limits.
B. 
Residents. Businesses, professions, trades or occupations for which a gross receipts license tax or fee is levied, each of which has a regularly established place of business in the County, shall be taxed on all gross receipts derived from the business, profession, trade or occupation in this licensing basis. In cases where the business, profession, trade or occupation involves the performance of activities outside the County and such person pays a licensing tax to a foreign taxing jurisdiction based on gross receipts derived from activities within said foreign jurisdiction, such person shall be permitted to deduct such gross receipts taxed by the foreign taxing jurisdiction in arriving at his licensing basis. In this connection, the term "foreign taxing jurisdiction" shall be construed as limited to local political subdivisions outside the taxing jurisdiction of this County.
C. 
In determining the situs for license taxes under this article and §§ 58.1-3707 and 58.1-3708, Code of Virginia, as amended from time to time,[1] are hereby incorporated into this article by reference as though fully set out herein for the purpose of such determination.
[1]:
Editor's Note: Section 58.1-3707, Code of Virginia, was repealed by Acts 1996, cc. 715 and 720, effective January 1, 1997.

§ 155-73 License requirement.

A. 
Every person engaging in Frederick County in any business trade, profession, occupation or calling (collectively hereinafter "a business") as defined in this article, unless otherwise exempted by law, shall apply for a license for each such business if such person maintains a definite place of business in this County, such person does not maintain a definite office anywhere but does maintain an abode in this County, which abode for the purposes of this article shall be deemed a definite place of business, or there is no definite place of business but such person operates amusement machines, is engaged as a peddler or itinerant merchant, carnival or circus as specified in § 58.1-3717, 58.1-3718 or 58.1-3728, respectively, Code of Virginia, or is a contractor subject to § 58.1-3715, Code of Virginia, or is a public service corporation subject to § 58.1-3731, Code of Virginia. A separate license shall be required for each definite place of business. A person engaged in two or more businesses or professions carried on at the same place of business may elect to obtain one license for all such businesses and professions if all of the following criteria are satisfied:
(1) 
Each business or profession is licensable at the location and has satisfied any requirements imposed by state law or other provisions of the ordinances of Frederick County;
(2) 
All of the businesses or professions are subject to the same tax rate, or, if subject to different tax rates, the licensee agrees to be taxed on all businesses and professions at the highest rate; and
(3) 
The taxpayer agrees to supply such information as the Assessor may require concerning the nature of the several businesses and their gross receipts.
(4) 
Such actual license, once issued by the Assessor, shall be displayed by the taxpayer in a place where visible by the public and shall be replaced by each renewal license as received.
B. 
For all classified licenses computed on a gross receipts basis, gross receipts under $4,000 will not require a business license in Frederick County. Any person who exceeds gross receipts of under $4,000 must meet all license application requirements within 30 days of reaching the threshold of $4,000.

§ 155-74 Levying of annual license taxes.

For every year beginning January 1 of each year and ending on December 31 following, there are hereby levied and there shall be collected the annual taxes set forth under this article, except as otherwise provided under this article, on each person conducting or engaged in any business, trade or occupation in Frederick County.

§ 155-75 New businesses and filing deadlines.

Each person subject to a license tax shall apply for a license prior to beginning business, if he was not subject to licensing in Frederick County on or before January 1 of the license year, or no later than March 1 of the current license year if he had been issued a license for the preceding license year. The application shall be on forms prescribed by the assessing official.

§ 155-76 License application.

A. 
Every person liable to pay a license tax under the provisions of this article shall make application therefor, in writing, to the Commissioner of the Revenue of Frederick County. The Commissioner of the Revenue shall furnish license application forms, which forms shall be properly and fully executed by the applicant and shall contain such information as may be required by the Commissioner of the Revenue in order to properly assess the tax liability.
B. 
The application shall contain at least the following information:
(1) 
The name.
(2) 
The trade name.
(3) 
The nature of the business.
(4) 
The business address.
(5) 
The mailing address of the applicant.
(6) 
The business telephone number and any e-mail address.
(7) 
The certification/registration number issued by the State Corporation Commission, if the business is not conducted by an individual but by an entity.
(8) 
If an entity, the federal identification number of the business; if an individual, the social security number.
(9) 
The date the business began.
(10) 
Whether the business is an individual or an entity (corporation, limited liability company, partnership, etc.) and, if an entity, the entity's registered agent.
(11) 
Estimated and/or actual gross receipts or purchases, as applicable.
(12) 
Signature of the owner. If the business is owned by an association, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation, the application shall be signed by a member, partner, executive officer, or other person specifically authorized in writing by the association, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation to sign.
(13) 
The date of the application.
(14) 
Proof of zoning approval, if applicable.
(15) 
Proof of state licensure, if applicable.
(16) 
Proof of public safety requirement satisfaction and/or satisfactory registration with the Sheriff's department, if applicable.
(17) 
Proof of workers' compensation insurance, if applicable.
C. 
Any such person, including the individual signing on behalf of the business, who willfully subscribes any such return or application which is not true and correct as to every material matter shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
D. 
If any person shall continue to provide a business service or shall continue a business, profession, trade or occupation after the expiration date of a license previously issued therefor without obtaining a new license, such person shall, if such failure to obtain a new license shall be continued for one month, be subject to the penalty provided for under this article.

§ 155-77 Compliance with zoning regulations.

The Commissioner of the Revenue shall not issue a license for conducting any business, profession, trade or occupation at a location where the conduct of such business, profession, trade or occupation is prohibited by the Code of the State of Virginia, by Chapter 165, Zoning, of the Code of the County of Frederick, Virginia, or by any other chapter in the Frederick County Code. Proof of compliance with the Code of Frederick County is the responsibility of the license applicant.

§ 155-78 Payment; delinquent payments; late filing; grace period.

A. 
The license tax or fee shall be paid with the application in the case of any license not based on gross receipts. If the tax is measured by the gross receipts of the business, the tax shall be paid on or before April 1 in full unless the total tax exceeds $1,000. Taxes over $1,000 for any calendar year may be paid in quarterly installments upon application to the Treasurer of Frederick County for acceptance. The first of such installments will be due on April 1 for businesses filed on or before March 1. Businesses beginning after January 1 with licenses due after March 1 must pay their first installment with the application. Installment number two shall be due June 30, installment number three shall be due September 30 and installment number four shall be due by December 30 of the year of the license. In the event that a business with a total tax exceeding $1,000, that begins after January 1 with licenses due after March 1, starts after the due date of either installment two, three or four, then all installments that would be due on the date the business starts shall be due with the application.
B. 
The Commissioner of the Revenue may grant an extension of time, not to exceed 90 days, in which to file an application for a license, for reasonable cause. The extension shall be conditioned upon the timely payment of a reasonable estimate of the appropriate tax based on an estimate of the gross receipts from the best information available, subject to adjustment to the correct amount of tax at the end of the extension together with interest from the due date until the date paid on any underpayment. If the estimate submitted with the extension is found to be unreasonable under the circumstances, a penalty of 10% of the portion of unpaid tax at the due date will be assessed.
C. 
A penalty of 10% of the tax shall be imposed upon the failure to file an application or the failure to pay the tax by the appropriate due date. Only the late filing penalty shall be imposed by the assessing official if both the application and payment are late by the initial due date. However, both penalties shall be assessed if the assessing official determines that the taxpayer has a history of noncompliance.
D. 
In the case of an assessment of additional tax made by the assessing official, if the application and, if applicable, the return were made in good faith and the understatement of the tax was not due to any fraud, reckless or intentional disregard of the law by the taxpayer, there shall be no late payment penalty assessed with the additional tax. If any assessment of tax by the assessing official is not paid within 30 days, the Treasurer shall impose a ten-percent late payment penalty. The penalties shall not be imposed or, if imposed, shall be abated by the official who assessed them if the failure to file or pay was not the fault of the taxpayer. In order to demonstrate lack of fault, the taxpayer must show that he acted responsibly and that the failure was due to events beyond his control.
E. 
"Acted responsibly" means that the taxpayer exercised the level of reasonable care that a prudent person would exercise under the circumstances in determining the filing obligations for the business and the taxpayer undertook significant steps to avoid or mitigate the failure, such as requesting appropriate extensions (where applicable), attempting to prevent a foreseeable impediment, acting to remove an impediment once it occurred and promptly rectifying a failure once the impediment was removed or the failure discovered.
F. 
Events beyond the taxpayer's control include but are not limited to the unavailability of records due to fire or other casualty; the unavoidable absence (e.g., due to death or serious illness) of the person with the sole responsibility for tax compliance; or the taxpayer's reasonable reliance in good faith upon erroneous written information from the assessing official, who was aware of the relevant facts relating to the taxpayer's business when he provided the erroneous information.
G. 
Interest shall be charged on the late payment of the tax from the due date until the date paid without regard to fault or other reason for the late payment. Whenever an assessment of additional or omitted tax by the assessing official is found to be erroneous, all interest and penalty charged and collected on the amount of the assessment found to be erroneous shall be refunded together with interest on the refund from the date of payment or the due date, whichever is later. Interest shall be paid on the refund of any tax paid under this article from the date of payment or due date, whichever is later, whether attributable to an amended return or other reason. Interest on any refund shall be paid at the same rate as charged by the State of Virginia for the period in question.
H. 
No interest shall accrue on an adjustment of estimated tax liability to actual liability at the conclusion of a base year. No interest shall be paid on a refund or charged on a late payment, in event of such adjustment, provided that the refund or the late payment is made not more than 30 days from the date of the payment that created the refund or the due date of the tax, whichever is later.

§ 155-79 Situs of gross receipts.

A. 
General rule. Whenever the tax imposed by this article is measured by gross receipts, the gross receipts included in the taxable measure shall be only those gross receipts attributed to the exercise of a licensable privilege at a definite place of business within Frederick County. In the case of activities conducted outside of a definite place of business, such as during a visit to a customer location, the gross receipts shall be attributed to the definite place of business from which such activities are initiated, directed or controlled. The situs of gross receipts for different classifications of business shall be attributed to one or more definite places of business or offices as follows:
(1) 
The gross receipts of a contractor shall be attributed to the definite place of business at which his services are performed in this County, or if his services are not performed at any definite place of business, then the definite place of business from which his services are directed or controlled in this County, unless the contractor is subject to the provisions of § 58.1-3715, Code of Virginia.
(2) 
The gross receipts of a retailer or wholesaler shall be attributed to the definite place of business at which sales solicitation activities occur, or if sales solicitation activities do not occur at any definite place of business, then the definite place of business from which sales solicitation activities are directed or controlled; however, a wholesaler or distribution house subject to a license tax measured by purchases shall determine the situs of its purchases by the definite place of business at which or from which deliveries of the purchased goods, wares and merchandise are made to customers. Any wholesaler who is subject to license tax in two or more localities and who is subject to multiple taxation because the localities use different measures, may apply to the Department of Taxation for a determination as to the proper measure of purchases and gross receipts subject to license tax in each locality.
(3) 
The gross receipts of a business renting tangible personal property shall be attributed to the definite place of business from which the tangible personal property is rented, or if the property is not rented from any definite place of business, then the definite place of business at which the rental of such property is managed.
(4) 
The gross receipts from the performance of services shall be attributed to the definite place of business at which the services are performed, or if not performed at any definite place of business, then the definite place of business from which the services are directed or controlled.
B. 
Apportionment. If the licensee has more than one definite place of business and it is impractical or impossible to determine to which definite place of business gross receipts should be attributed under the general rule (and the affected jurisdictions are unable to reach an apportionment agreement), except as to circumstances set forth in § 58.1-3709, Code of Virginia, the gross receipts of the business shall be apportioned between the definite places of business on the basis of payroll. Gross receipts shall not be apportioned to a definite place of business unless some activities under the applicable general rule occurred at or were controlled from such definite place of business. Gross receipts attributable to a definite place of business in another jurisdiction shall not be attributed to this jurisdiction solely because the other jurisdiction does not impose a tax on the gross receipts attributable to the definite place of business in such other jurisdiction.
C. 
Agreements. The Assessor may enter into agreements with any other political subdivision of Virginia concerning the manner in which gross receipts shall be apportioned among definite places of business. However, the sum of the gross receipts apportioned by the agreement shall not exceed the total gross receipts attributable to all of the definite places of business affected by the agreement. Upon being notified by a taxpayer that its method of attributing gross receipts is fundamentally inconsistent with the method of one or more political subdivisions in which the taxpayer is licensed to engage in business and that the difference has or is likely to result in taxes on more than 100% of its gross receipts from all locations in the affected jurisdictions, the Assessor shall make a good faith effort to reach an apportionment agreement with the other political subdivisions involved.

§ 155-80 Limitations and extensions.

A. 
Where, before the expiration of the time prescribed for the assessment of any license tax imposed pursuant to this article, both the assessing official and the taxpayer have consented, in writing, to its assessment after such time, the tax may be assessed at any time prior to the expiration of the period agreed upon. The period so agreed upon may be extended by subsequent agreements in writing made before the expiration of the period previously agreed upon.
B. 
Notwithstanding § 58.1-3903, Code of Virginia, the assessing official shall assess the local license tax omitted because of fraud or failure to apply for a license for the current license year up to six years for assessments made.
C. 
The period for collecting any local license tax shall not expire prior to the period specified in § 58.1-3940, Code of Virginia, two years after the date of assessment if the period for assessment has been extended pursuant to this subdivision, two years after the final determination of an appeal for which collection has been stayed pursuant to following subsections under this article or two years after the final decision in a court application pursuant to § 58.1-3984, Code of Virginia, or similar law for which collection has been stayed, whichever is later.

§ 155-81 Appeals and rulings.

A. 
Any person assessed with a licensing tax under this article as the result of an audit may apply within 90 days from the date of the assessment to the assessing official of Frederick County for a correction of the assessment. The application must be filed in good faith and sufficiently identify the taxpayer, audit period, remedy sought, each alleged error in the assessment, the grounds upon which the taxpayer relies and any other facts relevant to the taxpayer's contention. The Assessor may hold a conference with the taxpayer if requested by the taxpayer or require submission of additional information and documents, further audit or other evidence deemed necessary for a proper and equitable determination of the applications. The assessment shall be deemed prima facie correct. The Assessor shall undertake a full review of the taxpayer's claims and issue a determination to the taxpayer setting forth its position. Every assessment pursuant to an audit shall be accompanied by a written explanation of the taxpayer's right to seek correction and the specific procedure to be followed in the jurisdiction (e.g., the name and address to which an application should be directed).
B. 
Provided that an application is made within 90 days of an assessment, collection activity shall be suspended until a final determination is issued by the Assessor, unless the Assessor determines that collection would be jeopardized by delay or that the taxpayer has not responded to a request for relevant information after a reasonable time. Interest shall accrue in accordance with the provisions of this article, but no further penalty shall be imposed while collection action is suspended. The term "jeopardized by delay" includes a finding that the application is frivolous, or that a taxpayer desires to depart quickly from the locality, to remove his property therefrom, to conceal himself or his property therein or to do any other act tending to prejudice or to render wholly or partially ineffectual proceedings to collect the tax for the period in question.
C. 
Any person assessed with a license tax under this article as a result of an audit may apply within 90 days of the determination by the assessing official on an application pursuant under this article as detailed above to the Tax Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Taxation (hereinafter called the "Tax Commissioner") for a correction of such assessment. The Tax Commissioner shall issue a determination to the taxpayer within 90 days of receipt of the taxpayer's application, unless the taxpayer and the assessing official are notified that a longer period will be required. The application shall be treated as an application pursuant to § 58.1-1821, Code of Virginia, and the Tax Commissioner may issue an order correcting such assessment pursuant to § 58.1-1822, Code of Virginia. Following such an order, either the taxpayer or the assessing official may apply to the appropriate circuit court pursuant to § 58.1-3984, Code of Virginia. However, the burden shall be on the party making the application to show that the ruling of the Tax Commissioner is erroneous. Neither the Tax Commissioner nor the Virginia Department of Taxation shall be made a party to an application to correct an assessment merely because the Tax Commissioner has ruled on it.
D. 
On receipt of a notice of intent to file an appeal to the Tax Commissioner under this article as detailed above, the assessing official shall further suspend collection activity until a final determination is issued by the Tax Commissioner, unless the Assessor determines that collection would be jeopardized by delay or that the taxpayer has not responded to a request for relevant information after a reasonable time. Interest shall accrue in accordance with the provisions of this article, but no further penalty shall be imposed while collection action is suspended. The term "jeopardized by delay" shall have the same meaning as set forth in this article.
E. 
Any taxpayer may request a written ruling regarding the application of the tax to a specific situation from the Assessor. Any person requesting such a ruling must provide all the relevant facts for the situation and may present a rationale for the basis of an interpretation of the law most favorable to the taxpayer. Any misrepresentation or change in the applicable law or the factual situation as presented in the ruling request shall invalidate any such ruling issued. A written ruling may be revoked or amended prospectively if there is a change in the law or a court decision or if the Assessor notifies the taxpayer of a change in the policy or any interpretation upon which the ruling was based. However, any person who acts on a written ruling which later becomes invalid shall be deemed to have acted in good faith during the period in which such ruling was in effect.

§ 155-82 Recordkeeping and audits.

Every person who is assessable with a license tax shall keep sufficient records to enable the Assessor to verify the correctness of the tax paid for the license years assessable and to enable the Assessor to ascertain what is the correct amount of tax that was assessable for each of those years. All such records, books of accounts and other information shall be open to inspection and examination by the Assessor in order to allow the Assessor to establish whether a particular receipt is directly attributable to the taxable privilege exercised within this jurisdiction. The Assessor shall provide the taxpayer with the option to conduct the audit in the taxpayer's local business office, if the records are maintained there. In the event that the records are maintained outside this jurisdiction, copies of the appropriate books and records shall be sent to the Assessor's office upon demand.

§ 155-83 Gross receipts; exclusions and deductions from gross receipts.

The calculation of gross receipts, gross expenditures or gross purchases for license tax purposes shall be either a cash or accrual basis, provided that the basis used must coincide with the system of accounts used by the taxpayer and the method employed by the taxpayer for federal and state income tax purposes. The preceding year's gross receipts, gross expenditures or gross purchases may be either the fiscal year used by the business or the calendar year, provided that the year employed must also coincide with the year used for federal and state income tax purposes.
A. 
General rule. Gross receipts for license tax purposes shall not include any amount not derived from the exercise of the licensed privilege to engage in a business or profession in the ordinary course of business or profession.
B. 
The following items shall be excluded from gross receipts:
(1) 
Amounts received and paid to the United States, the commonwealth or any County, city or town for the Virginia retail sales or use tax or for any local sales tax or any local excise tax on cigarettes or any federal or state excise taxes on motor fuels.
(2) 
Any amount representing the liquidation of a debt or conversion of another asset to the extent that the amount is attributable to a transaction previously taxed (e.g., the factoring of accounts receivable created by sales which have been included in taxable receipts even though the creation of such debt and factoring are a regular part of its business).
(3) 
Any amount representing returns and allowances granted by the business to its customer.
(4) 
Receipts which are the proceeds of a loan transaction in which the licensee is the obligor.
(5) 
Receipts representing the return of principal of a loan transaction in which the licensee is the creditor or the return of principal or basis upon the sale of a capital asset.
(6) 
Rebates and discounts taken or received on account of purchases by the licensee. A rebate or other incentive offered to induce the recipient to purchase certain goods or services from a person other than the offeror and which the recipient assigns to the licensee in consideration of the sale of goods and services shall not be considered a rebate or discount to the licensee, but shall be included in the licensee's gross receipts together with any handling or other fees related to the incentive.
(7) 
Withdrawals from inventory for purposes other than sale or distribution and for which no consideration is received and the occasional sale or exchange of assets other than inventory, whether or not a gain or loss is recognized for federal income tax purposes.
(8) 
Investment income not directly related to the privilege exercised by a licensable business not classified as rendering financial services. This exclusion shall apply to interest on bank accounts of the business and to interest, dividends and other income derived from the investment of its own funds in securities and other types of investments unrelated to the licensed privilege. This exclusion shall not apply to interest, late fees and similar income attributable to an installment sale or other transaction that occurred in the regular course of business.
C. 
The following shall be deducted from gross receipts or gross purchases that would otherwise be taxable:
(1) 
Any amount paid for computer hardware and software that are sold to a United States federal or state government entity, provided that such property was purchased within two years of the sale to said entity by the original purchaser who shall have been contractually obligated at the time of purchase to resell such property to a state or federal government entity. This deduction shall not occur until the time of resale and shall apply to only the original cost of the property and not to its resale price, and the deduction shall not apply to any of the tangible personal property which was the subject of the original resale contract if it is not resold to a state or federal government entity in accordance with the original contract obligation.
(2) 
Any receipts attributable to business conducted in another state or foreign country in which the taxpayer is liable for an income or other tax based upon income.

§ 155-84 Persons separately licensed.

A. 
A separate revenue license shall be obtained by each member of a firm or company of persons practicing any profession or calling which is regulated by the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia for the practicing of which profession or calling a license is required by Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia of 1950, as amended.
B. 
For persons practicing a profession requiring a separate revenue license for each member of a firm or company of persons practicing any profession or calling which is regulated by the laws of this state, such license is measured by gross receipts. The gross receipts of an associate of a professional association shall consist of his salary and such part of the gross receipts of the association remaining after the payment of salaries to all the associates, as bears the same ratio of all such remaining gross receipts of his ownership in the association bears to the ownership therein of all the associates.

§ 155-85 Proration of tax.

A. 
In the event that a person, firm or corporation ceases to engage in a business, trade, profession or calling within the County during a year for which a license tax has already been paid, the taxpayer shall be entitled upon application to a refund for that portion of a license tax already paid, prorated on a monthly basis so as to ensure that the licensed privilege is taxed only for that fraction of the year during which it is exercised within the County. Frederick County may elect to remit any refunds in the ensuing fiscal year and may offset against such refund any amount of past due taxes owed by the same taxpayer. In no event shall the County be required to refund any part of a minimum flat tax or the flat portion of the fee which is not based upon the gross receipts of the taxpayer.
B. 
Licenses issued on a basis other than gross receipts or gross purchases, that is, those assessed a flat license fee, shall not be prorated for any period less than one calendar year, except as provided by the Code of Virginia 1950, as amended, and except as otherwise provided in this article.

§ 155-86 Transfer of license.

A. 
No Frederick County license shall be transferred from any person, firm or corporation to another person, firm or corporation.
B. 
No Frederick County license shall be transferred from one location or stand to another location or stand except for the continuation of the same business for which the license was originally used unless specified otherwise in this chapter.
C. 
Upon application, any license that meets the conditions of Subsection B may be transferred for the unexpired term thereof. Upon presentment to the Commissioner of the Revenue of such license, such official shall transfer the license. The assignee shall have the same privileges and be subject to the same regulations and penalties as an original licensee, unless herein otherwise expressly provided. Estimated licenses may not be transferred.

§ 155-87 Evidence of business.

When any person, firm or corporation shall, by use of signs, circulars, cards or use of any newspapers circulated in and around Frederick County, advertise any business, it shall be considered prima facie evidence of their liability under the ordinances of Frederick County and they shall be required to take out a license for such business.

§ 155-88 Assessment of omitted license taxes.

If the Commissioner of the Revenue ascertains that any person has not been assessed with a license tax levied under the terms of this article for any license tax year during the past six years or for the current license tax year and that the absence of such assessment was due to failure to apply for a license or the fraudulent intent to evade taxes on the part of such person, it shall be the duty of the Commissioner of the Revenue to assess such person with the proper license tax for the year or years omitted, adding thereto the penalty set forth in this article.

§ 155-89 Refund of license taxes.

No refunds may be made to any person, partnership or corporation of license tax paid except in case of error or for due cause as determined and authorized by the Commissioner of the Revenue. The minimum license tax shall not be refunded under any circumstances.

§ 155-90 Merchants going out of business.

If a merchant desires to discontinue business at the close of the year for which he is licensed and desires additional time in which to dispose of his stock then on hand at the close of the license year, he may, by filing, before December 31 of that year, a sworn affidavit with the Commissioner of the Revenue that he is going out of business, obtain a prorated license not to exceed 60 days, in increments of one month, but in no case shall the fee be less than $30.

§ 155-91 Acts of General Assembly.

As to all questions in regard to the duty and conduct of officers of the County in collecting and enforcing the taxes herein imposed and in regard to questions of construction and for definition of terms used in this article and the rules and regulations applicable to putting the same in operation, reference is hereby made to the Code of Virginia, Title 58.1; for the assessment, levy and collection of taxes for the current year or so much thereof as is applicable to this article and for the conduct and guidance of the officers of the County and other parties affected by this article and for fixing their powers, rights, duties and obligations, the provisions of said Code of Virginia, so far as applicable, are hereby adopted without being specifically herein quoted.

§ 155-92 Exemption.

All businesses with a gross income of less than $4,000 per year are exempt from business license taxation under this article and under Chapter 155 of the Code of Virginia.

§ 155-93 Enforcement.

A. 
In the enforcement of the provisions of this article, the Commissioner of the Revenue of the County of Frederick, in addition to the powers herein specifically granted, shall have all the same enforcement authority with respect to County licenses that state law confers upon the Commissioner of the Revenue generally. As one of the means of ascertaining the amount of any license tax due under the provisions of this article or of ascertaining any other pertinent information, the Commissioner of the Revenue may propound interrogatories to each applicant and may use such other evidence he may procure. Such interrogatories shall be answered under oath, and it shall be a misdemeanor for a person liable for a license tax to refuse to answer any such interrogatories.
B. 
The Commissioner of the Revenue or his duly qualified Deputy or Deputies shall have the power to summon any person by registered or certified letter or otherwise to appear before him at his office, at a time to be specified in such summons, and to answer, under oath, questions touching a taxpayer's license tax liability. Failure to answer such summons without good cause or failing or refusing to answer, under oath, questions touching their tax liability shall be a Class 1 misdemeanor.

§ 155-94 Construal of provisions.

Nothing contained in this article shall be construed to repeal any tax imposed by ordinance for any subject not herein this article mentioned.

§ 155-95 Minimum tax on classified business and occupations.

The amount of tax imposed on all classified licenses computed on a gross receipts basis shall be in no event less than $30 unless otherwise provided in this article. Higher minimums may apply as provided in this article.

§ 155-96 License fee and tax.

A. 
Unless otherwise provided in this section or in this article, every person or business subject to licensure under this article shall be assessed and required to pay annually a fee for the issuance of such license as follows:
(1) 
Gross receipts of $4,000 to $14,999.99 will owe a fee of $30.
(2) 
Gross receipts of $15,000 to $99,999.99 will owe a fee of $50.
B. 
Instead of the license fee specified in Subsection A above, and except as may be otherwise provided in this section or in §§ 58.1-3712, 58.1-3712.1 and 58.1-3713, Code of Virginia, every such person or business subject to licensure under this article with annual gross receipts of $100,000 or more shall be assessed and required to pay annually a license tax on all the gross receipts of such persons includable as provided in this article at a rate set forth below for the class of enterprise listed:
(1) 
For contractors and persons constructing for their own account for sale, $0.16 per $100 of gross receipts.
(2) 
For retailers and retail sellers, and including operators of coin-operated machines or devices, which includes direct sellers as defined in the Code of Virginia and including persons engaged in the short-term rental business as defined in § 58.1-3510.4 of the Code of Virginia, $0.20 per $100 of gross receipts.
(3) 
For financial, real estate and professional services, $0.58 per $100 of gross receipts.
(4) 
For repair, personal and business services and all other businesses and occupations not specifically listed or exempted in this article or otherwise by law, $0.36 per $100 of gross receipts.
(5) 
For wholesalers and wholesale merchants, $0.05 per $100 of purchases. (See § 58.1-3716, Code of Virginia, for limitations.)
C. 
Instead of the license fees specified in Subsections A and B above and except as provided in Subsection C(9)(f), every other such person or business subject to licensure under this article shall be assessed and required to pay a license tax as set forth below for the class of enterprise listed:
(1) 
For carnivals, circuses and speedways, $500 for each performance held in this jurisdiction. (See § 58.1-3728, Code of Virginia, for limitations.)
(2) 
For fortune tellers, clairvoyants and practitioners of palmistry, $1,000 per year, and is nonproratable and nontransferable.
(3) 
For massage parlors, $200 per year, and must meet the requirements of Chapter 112 of the Frederick County Code, and is nonproratable and nontransferable.
(4) 
For itinerant merchants or peddlers, $500 per year. (See limitation § 58.1-3717, Code of Virginia.) This license is nonproratable and nontransferable. For limitations for dealers in fireworks or explosives, see Subsection C(4)(a) below. Detailed explanation of itinerant and distressed vendors is found later in this article.
(a) 
Each person dealing in the sale of fireworks or explosives and who sets up a temporary location must first comply with the Fire Marshal and the Zoning Administrator's office and because of the nature of the merchandise shall be issued an itinerant merchants license for a period of not more than 30 days, nonproratable.
(b) 
No persons shall be exempt from the payment of the license tax imposed by this section by reason of associating temporarily with any local merchant, dealer or trader or by reason of conducting such business in the name of any local merchant, dealer, trader or auctioneer.
(5) 
For photographers, $30 per year, if without regularly established places of business in this state, as limited under § 58.1-3727, Code of Virginia.
(6) 
For permanent coliseums, arenas or auditoriums having a maximum capacity in excess of 10,000 persons, open to the public, $1,000 per year.
(7) 
For savings and loan associations and credit unions, $50 per year only if the main office is located within this County.
(8) 
For direct sellers as defined in § 58.1-3719.1, Code of Virginia, with total annual sales in excess of $4,000, $0.20 per $100 of total annual retail sales or $0.05 per $100 of total annual wholesale sales, whichever is applicable.
(9) 
For sale of alcoholic beverages:
(a) 
Every person who shall engage in the business of manufacturing, bottling, wholesaling or retailing alcoholic beverages shall obtain a license therefor and shall pay therefor the license tax hereinafter provided.
[1] 
Distiller's license. For each distiller's license, the license tax shall be $500 per annum, provided that no license shall be required of any distiller manufacturing not more than 5,000 gallons of alcohol or spirits, or both, during such license year.
[2] 
Winery license. For every winery license, the license tax shall be $50 per annum, provided that no license shall be required of any winery manufacturing not more than 5,000 gallons of wine during such license year.
[Amended 2-12-2014]
[3] 
Brewery license. For each brewery license, the license tax shall be $500 per annum.
[4] 
Bottler's license. For each bottler's license, the license tax shall be $150 per annum.
[5] 
Wholesale beer and wine license. For each wholesale beer license, the license tax shall be $75 per annum. For each wholesale wine license, the license tax shall be $50 per annum.
[Amended 2-12-2014]
[6] 
Retail on-premises wine and beer license. For each retail on-premises wine and beer license, the license tax shall be $20 per annum.
[7] 
Retail off-premises wine and beer license. For each retail off-premises wine and beer license, the license tax shall be $20 per annum.
(b) 
For each mixed beverage license for restaurants, including restaurants located on premises of and operated by hotels and motels, the license tax shall be:
[1] 
One hundred dollars per annum for each restaurant with a seating capacity at tables for 50 to 100 persons.
[2] 
One hundred fifty dollars per annum for each restaurant with a seating capacity at tables for more than 100 but not more than 150 persons.
[3] 
Two hundred dollars per annum for each restaurant with a seating capacity at tables for more than 150 persons.
[4] 
Two hundred dollars per annum for each private, nonprofit club operating a restaurant on the premises of such club.
(c) 
The aforesaid license shall be as respectively defined by the Act of the General Assembly, known as the "Alcoholic Beverage Control Act," and the terms "alcoholic beverages," "alcohol," "spirits" and "wine," wherever used in this article, shall reflect the meanings respectively ascribed to them by such Act.
(d) 
No license shall be issued under this section to any person unless such person shall hold or secure simultaneously therewith the proper state license required by the Alcoholic Beverage Control Act, which state license shall be exhibited to the Commissioner of the Revenue, and all dining rooms, restaurants, lunchrooms and clubrooms wherein the beverages herein defined are sold for consumption on the premises shall at all times be open to inspection by the State Police and the police or Sheriff's authorities of this County; provided, further, that all storerooms or other buildings from which deliveries are made, either at wholesale or retail, whether they are bottlers, wholesalers or retailers, shall at all times be open to inspection by State Police and police or Sheriff's authorities of the County. Any violation of the terms of this provision shall be sufficient grounds for the revocation of the license issued in accordance with this section.
(e) 
No alcoholic beverage license shall be prorated or transferable.
(f) 
This tax shall be in addition to applicable license taxes based on gross receipts or gross purchases. In imposing retail merchant license taxes measured by gross receipts, the term "gross receipts" shall be construed to include receipts from the sale of alcoholic beverage by persons licensed under this section. In computing gross receipts, alcoholic beverages shall be included in the base for measuring such license taxes the same as if the alcoholic beverages were nonalcoholic. No alcoholic beverage license levied under this section shall be construed as exempting any license fr om any merchant license tax, and such merchant license tax shall be in addition to the alcoholic beverage taxes levied under this section.

§ 155-97 Amusement machine operators.

On all operators of coin-operated amusement machines, there is hereby levied an annual license tax of $100 for the operation of 10 or more amusement machines in Frederick County. For the operation of fewer than 10 coin-operated amusement machines, there shall be levied a license tax of $10 per machine. Such license shall not be prorated or transferable.
A. 
The term "amusement operator" shall not include a person owning fewer than three such machines and operating such machines on property owned or leased by such person.
B. 
"Amusement machine" shall mean any coin-operated machine not listed in § 58.1-3721, Code of Virginia 1950, as amended.
C. 
The term "amusement operator" means any person selling, leasing, renting or otherwise furnishing or providing a coin-operated amusement machine in this County.
D. 
The amusement operator license is hereby levied on all nonresident amusement machine operators regardless of the number of machines they have placed in this County.
E. 
In addition, there is hereby levied a license of $0.20 per $100 of gross receipts on the operator's share of receipts actually received by such operator from coin-operated machines in this County.

§ 155-98 Carnivals, circuses and trained animal shows.

[Amended 4-24-2013]
A. 
"Carnival" shall mean an aggregation of shows, amusements, concessions, eating places and riding devices operated together on one lot or street or not on contiguous lots or street, whether the same are owned and actually operated by a separate person or not. Carnivals, for the privilege of doing business in Frederick County, shall pay a license tax of $500 per day or part thereof, which shall not be prorated or transferable.
B. 
Circuses, menageries, trained animal shows, and shows of a like nature shall pay for the privilege of showing in the County a license tax of $100 per day or part thereof.
C. 
Persons conducting events pursuant to § 155-100F of this Code shall pay for the privilege of conducting such events in the County a license tax of $100 per event.
D. 
A nonprofit organization is not required to obtain a license under this section, nor is any person or organization participating in an event, not to exceed 10 consecutive days in length, conducted by a nonprofit organization, when the purpose of such event is in furtherance of the nonprofit nature of such organization, required to obtain a license under this section.

§ 155-99 Fortunetellers.

Every person engaged in work as a fortuneteller, clairvoyant, phrenologist, spirit medium, astrologer, hypnotist or palmist, for which compensation is received, shall pay for the privilege an annual license tax of $1,000. This license shall not be transferred or prorated.

§ 155-100 Itinerant and distressed merchandise vendors.

A. 
Each person who shall engage in or transact any temporary or transient business in this County for the sale of goods, wares and merchandise and who, for the purpose of carrying on such business, shall hire, lease, use or occupy any building or structure, motor vehicle, tent, car or public room or any part thereof, including rooms in hotels, lodging houses or houses of private entertainment, or in any street, alley or other public place for a period of less than a year for the exhibition or sale of such goods, wares or merchandise shall pay for such privilege a license tax of $500 per year, which license shall not be prorated or transferable.
B. 
Each person who or which has not been licensed for at least one year to sell or to offer for sale goods, wares or merchandise before the adoption of this section and who shall hereafter apply for a license to sell or offer for sale goods, wares or merchandise within the County shall file with such application a statement from the owner of the building, structure, etc., to be used by such applicant, indicating consent to use the premises for such sales, or no license shall be issued unless and until such statement is attached to the application.
[Amended 4-24-2013]
C. 
On each transient vendor for the sale of bankrupt, assignee, trustee, fire-wreck stock or salvage stock, a license tax shall be paid of $500 per year, which license shall not be prorated or transferable.
D. 
No persons shall be exempt from the payment of the license tax imposed by this section by reason of associating temporarily with any local merchant, dealer or trader or by reason of conducting such business in the name of any local merchant, dealer, trader or auctioneer.
E. 
No license tax shall be required under this section for any itinerant merchant participating in an event, not to exceed 10 consecutive days in length, conducted by a nonprofit organization, when the purpose of such event is in furtherance of the nonprofit nature of such organization, and the sale of any goods, wares or merchandise is merely ancillary to such event and not the primary purpose therefor, and any such itinerant merchant shall have registered with and been approved by such nonprofit organization. The provisions of this Subsection E do not create any exemption from the provisions of this Code regarding the meals tax or from the provisions of the Code of Virginia regarding the sales and use tax.
[Amended 4-24-2013]
F. 
Notwithstanding Subsections A through D of this section, each person who shall engage in or transact any business in this County for the sale of goods, wares and merchandise at a festival, as that term is defined in § 86-2 of this Code, or at any other prearranged event at a single location, whether indoors or outdoors, of more than 100 individuals, shall pay for such privilege a license tax of $30 per festival or event, which license shall not be prorated or transferable, and any such person shall have registered with and been approved by the person conducting the festival or event. No license shall be required under this subsection for i) vendors at flea markets under § 155-112 of this Code, who are to be licensed under that section, or ii) vendors who have otherwise obtained or are otherwise required to obtain a license pursuant to § 155-73 of this Code or pursuant to the laws or ordinances of any incorporated town located in Frederick County. The provisions of this Subsection F do not create any exemption from the provisions of this Code regarding the meals tax or from the provisions of the Code of Virginia regarding the sales and use tax.
[Added 4-24-2013; amended 2-12-2014]
G. 
"Conducting" shall, for purposes of this section, mean organizing, sponsoring, promoting, hosting, or otherwise being responsible for a festival or event under this section.
[Added 4-24-2013]

§ 155-101 Junk dealers.

A. 
Junk dealers, as defined in § 59.1-116.1, Code of Virginia, shall be licensed based on their gross receipts and shall pay the same license tax or fees as retailers as set forth in this chapter if they have an established place of business in Frederick County. No business license shall be issued to any itinerant junk dealer.
B. 
Pawnbrokers are included under separate listing of this article and are not classified as junk dealers.

§ 155-102 Pawnbrokers.

Pawnbrokers, as defined in § 54.1-4000, Code of Virginia, shall be licensed on their gross receipts and must pay the same license tax or fees as retailers as set forth in this chapter if they have an established place of business in Frederick County. No business license shall be issued to any itinerant pawnbroker.

§ 155-103 Peddlers.

A. 
Any person who shall carry from place to place any goods, wares or merchandise and offer to sell or barter the same or actually sell or barter the same shall be deemed to be a peddler and shall obtain a license therefor. Any person licensed as a peddler may sell any personal property a merchant may sell, or he may exchange the same for other articles.
B. 
All persons who do not keep a regular place of business (whether it is a house or vacant lot or elsewhere) open at all times in regular business hours and at the same place and who shall offer for sale goods, wares and merchandise shall be deemed peddlers under this section. All persons who keep a regular place of business, open all times in regular business hours and at the same place, who shall elsewhere than at the regular place of business, personally or through their agents, offer for sale or sell and, at the time of such offering for sale, deliver goods, wares and merchandise shall also be deemed peddlers as above, but this section shall not apply to those who sell or offer for sale, in person or by their employees, ice, meat, milk, butter, eggs, poultry, oysters, game, vegetables, fish, fruits or other family supplies of a perishable nature grown or produced by them and not purchased by them for sale. A dairyman who uses upon the streets of this County one or more vehicles may sell and deliver from his vehicle milk, butter, cream and eggs in said County without procuring a peddler's license.
C. 
Activities which would otherwise be subject to the tax pursuant to this provision are exempt from any license tax, provided that they are conducted on an occasional-sales basis and are carried on by religious, benevolent, charitable, fraternal or school organization that is chartered or meets on a regular basis within this County for religious, benevolent, charitable, fraternal or school purposes insuring no profit to any individual.
D. 
For the privilege of peddling or bartering in the County, a license tax or fee shall apply as provided for retail sales within and under this article.
E. 
Nothing in this section shall be construed to require of any farmer a peddler's license for the privilege of selling or peddling farm products, wood or charcoal grown or produced by him, nor shall this section apply to peddlers of farm products who do not offer their produce for sale or sell on the markets of this County or the streets designated for market purposes.
F. 
The tax imposed hereby shall not be prorated or transferable.

§ 155-104 Public utilities.

A. 
The license tax for the privilege to any person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of providing telephone, telegraph, water, heat, light or power service in Frederick County shall be 1/2 of 1% of the preceding year's gross receipts.
B. 
In the case of telephone companies, charges for long distance telephone calls shall not be included in gross receipts for purposes of license taxation.

§ 155-105 Claim adjusters.

Every person engaged in the business of adjusting claims shall pay a license tax of $100 per annum, nonprorated and nontransferable.

§ 155-106 Auction sales.

The specific license tax for conducting an auction sale which is not otherwise licensed under this article shall be $100 per year with no limit on the number of sales. This does not apply to individuals selling their own personal property but does apply when sale items are purchased for resale or are consigned to the sale.

§ 155-107 Gasoline and oil sale and distribution.

Each person using the public streets for the sale, delivery or distribution of oils, gasoline or other oil products from vehicles shall be taxed $100 for each vehicle, except when the distributor pays a merchant's license tax to the County of Frederick. The Commissioner of the Revenue shall issue a business license identifying the individual vehicle tag number. Said business license shall remain within the vehicle.

§ 155-108 Milk bottling plants; milk distributors.

On each person bottling and/or distributing milk for retail, there is hereby imposed a specific license tax of $100.

§ 155-109 Bank franchise tax.

Upon all banks located within the County of Frederick, Virginia, there is hereby imposed a tax of 80% per annum of the state rate of each $100 of the net capital of such bank, in accordance with § 58.1-1208 et seq., Code of Virginia 1950, as amended.

§ 155-110 Violations and penalties.

A. 
It shall be unlawful to engage in any business, employment or profession for which a license is required by any of the provisions of this article without first having obtained such license, which shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $2,500 or by a jail sentence of not more than 12 months, or by both such fine and jail sentence.
B. 
No such license shall be issued until the applicant has produced satisfactory evidence that all delinquent license, personal property, meals, transient occupancy, severance and admissions taxes owed by the applicant to the County have been paid which have been properly assessed against the applicant by the County.
C. 
Anyone who engages in a business, employment or profession without obtaining a required license, or after being refused the same, shall not be relieved of the tax imposed by the provisions of this article.
D. 
Whenever any person is required by any of the provisions of this article to file a return for tax purposes, it shall be unlawful for such person to willfully fail or refuse to file such return at the time or times required or to make a false statement in such return with intent to defraud, and any violation hereof shall be punishable as provided in § 58.1-3916.1, Code of Virginia.

§ 155-111 Precious metals dealers.

Precious metal dealers, as defined in § 54.1-4100, Code of Virginia, shall be licensed based on their gross receipts and shall pay the same license tax or fees as retailers as set forth in this chapter. No business license shall be issued to any itinerant precious metals dealer. The business of a precious metals dealer shall be conducted only from the fixed and permanent location in Frederick County specified in the business license application. If the dealer seeks to conduct business from one or more different County locations, the dealer shall file a separate application for and obtain a separate business license to conduct business from each such location.

§ 155-112 Flea markets.

On each person operating a flea market, there is hereby imposed a specific license tax of $500 per year. Each individual vendor at a flea market must pay the same license tax or fees as a retailer as set forth in this chapter, if the vendor is otherwise subject to licensure as a retailer under this chapter. If the operator of the flea market engages in the sale of merchandise at the flea market, he must also pay the same license tax or fees as a retailer as set forth in this chapter, to the extent that such tax or fees would exceed $500.

§ 155-113 Contractor to provide list of subcontractors.

[Added 2-12-2014]
The Commissioner, in performing the duties of such office, shall have authority to require any person doing business in the County to furnish, as to each subcontractor to whom any part of a contract is sublet, a list of, among other things, the names and addresses of each subcontractor and the amount of each subcontract performed in the County.