Town of Mamaroneck, NY
Westchester County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Mamaroneck 11-1-2000 by L.L. No. 20-2000. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Cable television — See Ch. 74.
Streets and sidewalks — See Ch. 187.

§ 75-1 Legislative intent.

The Town of Mamaroneck has the authority to grant franchises and other authorizations for the use and occupancy of the streets and has determined that the streets are a valuable public resource that has required and will continue to require substantial investment by the town. The town desires to structure and implement a fair and orderly process for the grant of franchises and other authorizations (and renewals of such franchises and authorizations) to occupy and use the streets to provide telecommunications services (as hereinafter defined) in the town, including the negotiation of terms and conditions to protect the public interest consistent with applicable law. In addition, consistent with applicable law, the town desires to manage the streets and obtain fair and reasonable compensation from telecommunications providers (as hereinafter defined) on a competitively neutral and nondiscriminatory basis for the use of the streets on a nondiscriminatory basis. The town also desires to minimize inconvenience and disruption to the public, provide for the orderly and efficient use of the streets now and in the future and preserve adequate capacity for existing and future uses of the streets; and the town intends to exercise, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, its authority with respect to the regulation of the occupation and the use of the streets in connection with the provision of telecommunications services.

§ 75-2 Definitions; word usage.

For purposes of this chapter, the following terms, phrases, words and their derivations shall have the meanings set forth in this section, unless the context clearly indicates that another meaning intended. When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense include the future, words used in the plural number include the singular number and words used in the singular number include the plural number.
A. 
Each person who falls into one or more of the following categories:
(1) 
Each person having, directly or indirectly, a controlling interest in the applicant;
(2) 
Each person in which the applicant has, directly or indirectly, a controlling interest;
(3) 
Each officer, director, joint venture or joint venture partner of the applicant; and
(4) 
Each person, directly or indirectly, controlling, controlled by, or under common control with, the applicant; provided that
B. 
"Affiliated person" shall in no event mean the town or any creditor of the applicant solely by virtue of its status as a creditor and which is not otherwise an affiliated person by reason of owning a controlling interest in, being owned by, or being under common ownership, common management or common control with, the applicant.
CABLE SERVICES
As defined in the Communications Act of 1934, as amended by the Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984, the Cable Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act of 1992 and the Telecommunications Act of 1996 and as may be further amended from time to time (the "Cable Act"). In the event that "cable services" is no longer defined in the Cable Act or the definition in the Cable Act otherwise becomes inapplicable, "cable services" shall mean "cable services" as defined in the Cable Act immediately prior to such term no longer being defined in the Cable Act or such definition otherwise becoming inapplicable.
CHAPTER
This chapter and all modifications and amendments thereto.
CONTROL OR CONTROLLING INTEREST
Actual working control in whatever manner exercised, including, without limitation, working control through ownership, management, debt instruments or negative control, as the case may be, of the applicant or the equipment in the streets. A rebuttable presumption of the existence of control or a controlling interest shall arise from the beneficial ownership, directly or indirectly, by any person, or group of persons acting in concert, of more than 10%, of any person (which person or group of persons is hereinafter referred to as "controlling person"). "Control" or "controlling interest" as used herein may be held simultaneously by more than one person or group of persons.
EQUIPMENT
The poles, wires, electrical conductors, conduits, subways, manholes, fixtures, appliances and appurtenances that are used to provide telecommunications services.
FRANCHISE
An initial authorization, or reenrollment thereof, issued by the town in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, which authorizes the occupation and use of the streets to provide telecommunications services.
MAY
Being permissive.
PERSON
Any individual or any association, firm, partnership, joint venture, corporation or other legally recognized entity, whether for profit or not for profit, but shall not mean the town or the town school district of the Town of Mamaroneck.
REVOCABLE LICENSE
An initial authorization or renewal thereof, issued by the town in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, which authorizes the limited occupation and use of specifically identified streets, provided that a revocable license shall be issued only in the limited circumstances set forth in § 75-3B and § 75-3F of this chapter.
SHALL
Being mandatory, not merely directive.
STREETS
The surface of, as well as the spaces above and below, any and all streets, alleyways, avenues, highways, boulevards, driveways, bridges, tunnels, parks, parkways, public grounds or waters, and other public rights-of-way within or belonging to the town.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS
All transmissions, between or among points specified by the user, of information of the user's choosing without change in the form or content of the information as sent and received.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROVIDER
Any person who:
A. 
Owns, constructs, operates or maintains equipment in the streets used to provide telecommunications services, regardless of whether such telecommunications services originate or terminate in the town; or
B. 
Provides telecommunications services that originate or terminate in the town by means of specifically identifiable equipment in the streets, which equipment is owned by such person or made available to such person under a lease or any other arrangement for a period of longer than 120 days; or equipment in the streets if the use of such equipment is continuing and substantial, and the town has determined that it is necessary and appropriate to impose the requirements of this chapter in order to preserve the application of this chapter on a competitively neutral and nondiscriminatory basis consistent with applicable law.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES
The offering of telecommunications for a fee directly to the public, or to such classes of users as to be effectively available to the public, regardless of the facilities used. The term "telecommunications services" shall not include cable services.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM
The plant, equipment, real property (including interests in real property), tangible and intangible personal property, buildings, offices, furniture, customer lists, cable, wires, optical fibers, amplifier, antenna and all other electronic devices, equipment and facilities used to provide telecommunications services.
TOWN ADMINISTRATOR
The Administrator of the town and his/her designee.
TOWN
The Town of Mamaroneck, New York.
TOWN BOARD
The Town Board of the town and its designee or any successor thereto.

§ 75-3 Granting authority.

A. 
No person shall use or occupy the streets as a telecommunications provider, or construct, operate or maintain equipment in the streets used to provide telecommunications, without a franchise or revocable license granted by the town. A franchise or revocable license granted in accordance with the provisions of this chapter shall not be construed to grant any rights or authorization to provide cable services in the town, and any person seeking to provide cable services in the town shall first obtain a separate franchise in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
B. 
Any person seeking to use the streets to construct, operate or maintain equipment to provide telecommunications for or in connection with the internal operations of such person's business, residence or employment and not for sale or resale to any person in the town shall first obtain a revocable license in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
C. 
The Town Board may grant one or more franchises and revocable licenses in accordance with this chapter, provided that the Town Board reserves the right to modify any provision of this chapter by amendment hereof.
D. 
The grant of any franchise or revocable license shall be made by adoption of a separate chapter by the Town Board and shall be on such terms and conditions as shall be specified in said separate chapter and/or a franchise or license agreement between the town and the franchisee or licensee.
E. 
Any franchise or revocable license granted shall be nonexclusive. The town specifically reserves the right to grant, at any time, such additional franchises, revocable licenses or other authorizations for use of the streets by any means, as the town deems appropriate.
F. 
A franchise may be granted for all or any defined portion of the town.
G. 
Limitations on grant of revocable licenses.
(1) 
A revocable license is intended to be a limited grant of authority to use and occupy specifically identified streets to provide telecommunications services and shall be granted only if:
(a) 
The use or occupation of such streets, together with all revocable licenses previously granted to such person and affiliated persons, shall not exceed 2,500 linear feet; or
(b) 
The use or occupation of such streets does not involve the offering or provision of telecommunications services to any person within the town.
(2) 
In the event that an application for a revocable license would cause a telecommunications provider to exceed or fail to comply with the limits specified Subsection G(1)(a) and/or G(1)(b) of this § 75-3G, then such telecommunications provider must apply for a franchise in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, and the use of specifically identified streets pursuant to all previously granted revocable licenses shall thereafter be pursuant to and in accordance with any such franchise that may be granted.

§ 75-4 Compliance with rules; permits required.

A. 
Subject to the provisions of this chapter, the town may adopt rules, policies and requirements to carry out the purposes and provisions of this chapter. Each applicant, franchisee and licensee shall comply with such rules, policies and requirements.
B. 
No person shall construct or install any equipment in the streets used to provide telecommunications services without first obtaining such permits or other authorizations as may be required by the town. No permits or other authorizations for such construction or installation shall be issued prior to the granting of a franchise or a revocable license pursuant to this chapter or such other authorization as maybe required by applicable law.

§ 75-5 Submission of application.

A. 
Applications for franchises and revocable licenses shall be submitted to the Town Administrator with a copy also to be submitted to the Town Counsel.
B. 
An application shall contain the following information with respect to the proposed franchise or revocable license and such other information with respect to the proposed franchise or revocable license as the town may deem necessary or appropriate, consistent with applicable law:
(1) 
The name, address and telephone number of the applicant and the person the town may contact concerning the application.
(2) 
A description of the telecommunications services proposed to be provided, including, without limitation, a description of facilities and equipment.
(3) 
A description of the proposed franchise area or, in the case of a revocable license, the specifically identified streets and/or portions thereof proposed to be used.
(4) 
A proposed construction schedule and sequence.
(5) 
A map showing the proposed location of the applicant's telecommunications system.
(6) 
Proposed financing plans for the construction and operation of the telecommunications system by which the proposed telecommunications services would be provided.
(7) 
A description of the legal, financial, technical and other appropriate qualifications of the applicant to hold the franchise or revocable license.
(8) 
Ownership of the applicant and identification of all affiliated persons.

§ 75-6 Responsibilities of applicants.

It shall be the responsibility of each applicant for a franchise or revocable license to comply with all applicable laws, chapters, resolutions, rules, regulations and other directives of the town and any federal, state or local governmental authority having jurisdiction.

§ 75-7 Negotiation of agreement.

If an application is complete and otherwise complies with applicable law, chapters, resolutions, rules, regulations and other directives of the town, including the provisions of this chapter, the town shall enter into negotiations with the applicant to determine whether such applicant and the town are able to reach agreement on the terms of the proposed franchise or revocable license in accordance with §§ 75-10 and 75-11 of this chapter. The town may reject any application which is incomplete or otherwise fails to comply with applicable law, chapters, resolutions, rules, regulations and other directives of the town and any federal, state or local authority having jurisdiction.

§ 75-8 Factors for review of application.

A. 
In making any determination hereunder as to any application for a franchise or revocable license, the Town Board may consider such factors as it deems appropriate and in the public interest, provided that such factors are consistent with applicable law, including, without limitation;
(1) 
The adequacy of the proposed compensation to be paid to the town, including the value of any facilities and telecommunications services offered by the applicant to the town.
(2) 
The legal, financial, technical and other appropriate qualifications of the applicant.
(3) 
The ability of the applicant to maintain the property of the town in good condition throughout the term of the franchise or revocable license.
(4) 
Any services or uses of the streets that may be precluded by the grant of the franchise or revocable license; and the adverse impact of the proposed franchise or revocable license on the efficient use of the streets or utilities at present and in the future.
(5) 
The willingness and ability of the applicant to meet construction and physical requirements and to abide by all lawful conditions, limitations, requirements and policies with respect to the franchise or revocable license.
(6) 
The adequacy of the terms and conditions of the proposed franchise or revocable license agreement to protect the public interest, consistent with applicable law.
(7) 
Any other public interest factors or considerations that the town has a lawful right to consider and that are deemed pertinent by the town for safeguarding the interests of the town and the public.
B. 
Consistent with applicable law, the town may develop and implement policies and requirements to ensure that the streets have sufficient capacity reasonably to accommodate existing and future uses in a rational and efficient manner. In evaluating an applicant for a franchise or revocable license, the town may consider an applicant's proposals for addressing capacity needs and compliance with town policies and requirements.

§ 75-9 Procedure for consideration of and action on applications.

A. 
The Town Board may make such investigations and take or authorize the taking of such other steps as the Town Board deems necessary or appropriate to consider and act on applications for franchises or revocable licenses and to determine whether a franchise or revocable license should be granted to an applicant, and may require the applicant to furnish additional information and data for this purpose. In considering applications, the Town Board may seek advice from town officials, departments, agencies, boards, commissions or bodies, from such other advisory bodies as it may establish or determine appropriate, or from the public, and may request the preparation of one or more reports to be submitted to the Town Board, which may include recommendations with respect to such applications.
B. 
Consistent with applicable law, upon completion of the steps deemed appropriate by the Town Board, the Town Board may grant or deny the franchise or revocable license, and may specify the conditions under which the franchise or revocable license is granted.

§ 75-10 Terms and conditions of franchise.

A. 
The terms and conditions applicable to any franchise granted pursuant to this chapter shall be set forth in the separate chapter granting the franchise and/or in a separate written agreement. A franchise granted pursuant to this chapter shall not become effective until said separate chapter becomes effective and any separate agreement is executed by both parties.
B. 
Such separate chapter or written agreement, among other things, shall address the following subjects:
(1) 
The term of the franchise.
(2) 
The franchise area and the telecommunications services to be offered.
(3) 
The compensation to be paid to the town, which shall include the payment of fees and/or the provision of facilities or services.
(4) 
The circumstances upon which the franchise may be terminated or canceled.
(5) 
The mechanisms, such as performance bonds, security funds or letters of credit, to be put in place to insure the performance of the franchisee's obligations under the franchise.
(6) 
The town's right to inspect the facilities and records of the franchisee.
(7) 
Insurance and indemnification requirements applicable to the franchisee.
(8) 
The obligation of the franchise to maintain complete and accurate books of account and records, and the town's inspection rights with respect thereto.
(9) 
Provisions to ensure quality workmanship and construction methods.
(10) 
Provisions to ensure that the franchise will comply with all applicable town, state and federal laws, regulations, rules and policies.
(11) 
The obligation of the franchisee to supply an engineering site plan showing the proposed location of the applicant's telecommunications system to all existing poles, utilities, sidewalks, pavement, telecommunications systems and other improvements in the streets, all of which shall be subject to approval by the appropriate town departments.
(12) 
Provisions to place reasonable limitations upon the assignment or other transfer of the franchise.
(13) 
Remedies available to the town to protect the town's interest in the event of the franchisee's failure to comply with terms and conditions of the franchise.
(14) 
Provisions to ensure that the franchisee will obtain all necessary licenses and permits from, and comply with, all laws, regulations, rules and policies of any governmental body having jurisdiction over the franchisee, including the Federal Communications Commission.
(15) 
Provisions to ensure that the franchisee will protect the property of the town and the delivery of public services from damage or interruption of operations resulting from the construction, operation, maintenance, repair or removal of improvements related to the franchise;
(16) 
Provisions designed to minimize the extent to which the public use of the streets of the town are disrupted in connection with the construction of improvements relating to the franchise.
(17) 
Such other provisions as the town determines are necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the public interest, consistent with applicable law.

§ 75-11 Terms and conditions of revocable license.

A. 
The terms and conditions applicable to any revocable license granted pursuant to this chapter shall be set forth in the separate chapter granting the revocable license and/or in a separate written agreement. A revocable license granted pursuant to this chapter shall not become effective until the separate chapter granting the license becomes effective and any separate written agreement is executed by both parties. Such separate chapter and/or written agreement shall address the same subjects listed in § 75-10 of this chapter, subject to the following limitations:
(1) 
The revocable license shall be for a term not to exceed 10 years from the date that the chapter granting the revocable license becomes effective.
(2) 
The revocable license shall be revocable at any time by the town for cause or for the town's purposes.
(3) 
The revocable license, together with all revocable licenses previously granted to the applicant or affiliated persons, shall not authorize the occupation and use of more than 2,500 linear feet of specifically identified streets, unless the use or occupation of the streets does not involve the offering or provision of telecommunications services to any person in the town.
B. 
In the event that an application for a revocable license would cause a telecommunications provider to exceed or fail to comply with the limits specified in Subsection A(3) of this § 75-11, then such telecommunications provider must apply for a franchise in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, and the use of specifically identified streets pursuant to all previously granted revocable licenses shall thereafter be pursuant to and in accordance with any such franchise that may be granted.

§ 75-12 Severability.

If any section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase or other portion of this chapter is, for any reason, declared invalid, in whole or in part, by any court, agency, commission, legislative body or other authority of competent jurisdiction, such portion shall be deemed a separate, distinct and independent portion, such declaration shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions hereof, which other portions shall continue in full force and effect.

§ 75-13 Delegation.

The Town Board shall have the right to delegate and redelegate, and to revoke any such delegation or redelegation, from time to time, any of its rights or obligations under this chapter to any body, organization or official of the town. Any such delegation, redelegation or revocation, no matter how often made, shall not be deemed an amendment to this chapter or to require the consent of any applicant for a franchise or revocable license or franchisee or licensee.

§ 75-14 Applicability to existing providers, franchisees and licensees.

To the extent permitted by law, the town may determine to apply all or certain provisions of this chapter to telecommunications providers and franchises, revocable licenses and other right-of-way authorizations existing on the effective date of this chapter.