[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Board of the Village of Mazomanie 6-28-1988 as §§ 3-2-2, 3-2-4 to 3-2-8 and 3-2-11 and Title 3, Ch. 3 of the 1988 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Fire district. The fire limits of the Village are hereby established on a map adopted by the Village Board and on file with the Village Clerk-Treasurer.
Definitions. The terms "fire-resistive construction," "mill construction," "ordinary construction," "frame construction" and "fire-retardant roof coverings" shall have the meaning as defined in Ch. Comm 75, Wis. Adm. Code.
Regulations within fire districts.
Requirements. Every building hereafter erected, enlarged or moved within or into the fire district shall be of fire-resistive, mill or ordinary construction, except as otherwise provided by this section. Enclosing walls, division walls and party walls shall be of four-hour, fire-resistive walls of a construction as provided in § Comm 75.02, Wis. Adm. Code, which is hereby by reference made a part of this section with respect to all buildings and structures within the fire district.
Exceptions. No building of frame construction shall be constructed within or moved within or into the fire district except the following:
Buildings occupied as a private garage, not more than one story in height nor more than 750 square feet in area, located on the same lot with a dwelling; provided that any such building shall be placed at least three feet from the lot lines of adjoining property. Buildings occupied as a public garage shall be placed at least three feet from the lot lines of adjoining property.
Buildings of frame construction, except when used for a high-hazard occupancy, not exceeding 2,500 square feet in area when used for a business occupancy or 1,000 square feet in area when used for other occupancies, nor more than one story in height, and having a horizontal separation of not less than 10 feet on all sides. Walls having a horizontal separation of less than 10 feet shall have a fire-resistance rating of not less than four hours.
Greenhouses not more than 15 feet in height.
Sheds open on the long side, not more than 15 feet in height nor more than 500 square feet in area, located at least five feet from buildings and from adjoining lot lines.
Builders' shanties for use only in connection with duly authorized building construction.
Bulk oil tanks prohibited. The storage of Class I and Class II flammable liquids, as defined in § Comm 10.01, Wis. Adm. Code, in aboveground tanks outside of buildings is prohibited within the fire district.
Razing old or damaged buildings. Any existing building of frame construction within the fire limits which may hereafter be damaged by fire, or which has deteriorated to an amount greater than 1/2 of its value, exclusive of the foundation, as determined by the Village Assessor, shall not be repaired or rebuilt, but shall be ordered removed by the Building Inspector under the provisions of the Wisconsin Statutes.
Every roof hereafter constructed within the fire district, including buildings listed in Subsection C, shall be covered with a roofing having a bona fide fire-resistive rating equivalent to Class "B" or better, as tested according to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard E 108 (Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Roof Coverings), or the Underwriters' Laboratories or other accepted testing laboratories, whose standards are hereby adopted by reference and incorporated in this section as if fully set forth herein.
No roofing on an existing roof shall be renewed or repaired to a greater extent than 1/10 of the roof surface, except in conformity with the requirements of this chapter.
Enforcement. The Building Inspector and Fire Inspector are hereby authorized and it shall be their duty to enforce the provisions of this chapter.
The following orders, rules, and regulations of the Department of Commerce, all of which are set forth in the Wisconsin Administrative Code as from time to time amended, are incorporated herein by reference and adopted as part of this chapter:
Chapter Comm 7, Explosive Materials.
Chapter Comm 10, Flammable and Combustible Liquids.
Chapter Comm 14, Fire Prevention.
Chapter Comm 32, Public Employee Safety and Health.
Chapter Comm 40, Gas Systems.
Chapter Comm 43, Anhydrous Ammonia.
Chapters Comm 61 to 65, Commercial Building Code.
Wisconsin Electrical Code.
No person shall impede the progress of the fire engine or fire truck or other fire apparatus of any Fire Department along the streets or alleys of such Village at the time of a fire or when the Fire Department of the Village is using such streets or alleys in response to a fire alarm or for practice.
No person shall willfully injure in any manner any hose, hydrant or fire apparatus belonging to the Fire Department or Village, and no vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of the Fire Department when laid down on any street, private driveway or other place, to be used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the Fire Department official in command.
It shall be lawful for any fireman while acting under the direction of the Fire Chief or other officer in command to enter upon the premises adjacent to or in the vicinity of any building or other property then on fire for the purpose of extinguishing such fire, and in case any person shall hinder, resist or obstruct any fireman in the discharge of his duty as is hereinbefore provided, the person so offending shall be deemed guilty of resisting firemen in the discharge of their duty.
Every person who shall be present at a fire shall be subject to the orders of the Fire Chief or officer in command and may be required to render assistance in fighting the fire or in removing or guarding property. Such officer shall have the power to cause the arrest of any person or persons refusing to obey said orders.
Whenever there shall be a fire or fire alarm, or the Fire Department shall be out for practice, every person driving or riding in a motor or other vehicle shall move and remain to the side of the street until the fire engine and fire truck and other fire apparatus shall have passed, provided that such Fire Department vehicles are operating the proper emergency signals prescribed by state statutes.
No person shall occupy any portion of such streets or alleys with a motor or other vehicle between such fire engine or fire truck or other fire apparatus and any hydrant to which a fire hose may be or may be about to be attached.
One- or two-family dwellings.
General provisions. Every one- or two-family dwelling unit hereafter erected or constructed shall be provided with approved smoke detectors.
Equipment performance. Each smoke detector shall be capable of detecting abnormal quantities of smoke that may occur in a dwelling and shall properly operate in the normal environmental conditions of a household. Smoke detectors shall be capable of detecting gray smoke having a minimum smoke obscuration of 4% per foot (optical density of 0.0177 per foot). The failure of any nonreliable or short-life component which renders the detector inoperative shall be readily apparent to the occupant of the dwelling without the need for testing.
Alarm-sounding devices. Each detection device shall cause the operation of an alarm which shall be clearly audible in all bedrooms over background noise levels with all intervening doors closed. The tests of audibility level shall be conducted with all household equipment which may be in operation at night in full operation. Examples of such equipment are window air conditioners and room humidifiers. All alarm-sounding devices shall have a minimum rating of 85 dBA at 10 feet.
Level of protection. A basic smoke detector shall be installed to protect each separate sleeping area and at the head of each stairway leading to an occupied area.
Detector locations. Smoke detectors in rooms with ceiling slopes greater than one foot rise per eight feet horizontally shall be located at the high side of the room. A smoke detector installed at the head of stairs shall be so located as to assure that smoke rising in the stairwell cannot be prevented from reaching the detector by an intervening door or obstruction. A smoke detector installed to protect a sleeping area shall be located outside of the bedrooms but in the immediate vicinity of the sleeping area. Detectors shall be located on the ceiling.
Power supply. It is recommended that an AC primary source of electric power be utilized. The requirements of Article 760 of the National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard No. 70, shall be met. In cases of conflict between the National Electrical Code and the Electrical Code of the Village, the National Electrical Code shall be followed. A separate circuit shall be utilized and the circuit breaker shall be colored red. Wire used shall be of the solid conductor, nonstranded type. Neither loss nor restoration of primary power shall cause an alarm signal. A visible "power on" indicator shall be provided.
Installation. All equipment shall be installed in a workmanlike manner and in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. All devices shall be so located and mounted that accidental operation will not be caused by jarring or vibration. Installed equipment shall be mounted so as to be supported independently of its attachment to wires. Upon completion of the system, the installer shall test each device for proper operation. The supplier or installing contractor shall provide the owner, through the Building Inspector, with instruction charts describing the operation, testing and proper maintenance of the smoke detectors. In addition, printed information shall be provided to inform the owner where he may obtain repair or replacement service and where and how parts requiring regular replacement may be obtained within two weeks.
General provisions. Approved heat and/or smoke detectors shall be installed in each room throughout every commercial, industrial, institutional, school or public building not covered under Subsection A hereinafter constructed or structurally altered. Where the Bureau of Fire Prevention finds that, by reason of construction or highly combustible occupancy, existing buildings constitute a severe fire hazard to their occupants or to adjoining property, the provisions of this section will also apply.
Approval. All fire detection devices shall be approved for the purpose for which they are intended and shall be installed in conformity with NFPA Standard No. 72E. Three complete sets of information regarding the fire detectors, including specifications and floor plans showing the location of the detectors, shall be submitted for approval of the Fire Prevention Bureau prior to installation of the detectors. Before requesting final approval of the installation, the installing contractor shall furnish a written statement to the Fire Chief to the effect that the detectors have been installed in accordance with approved plans and tested in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. Upon completion of the installation, a satisfactory test of the fire detectors shall be made in the presence of a representative of the Fire Department.
Installation. All equipment shall be installed in a workmanlike manner and in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Detectors shall be supported, in all cases, independently of their attachment to the circuit conductors. Detectors shall not be recessed in any way into the mounting surface unless they have been tested and listed for such recessed mounting. In the case of solid joist construction, detectors shall be mounted at the bottom of the joists.
Power supply. An AC primary source of electrical power shall be utilized. A separate circuit shall be provided for the system and the circuit breaker shall be colored red. The requirements for power-limited fire protective signaling circuits as defined in Article 760 of the National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard No. 70, shall be met. In cases of conflict between the National Electrical Code and the Electrical Code of the Village, the National Electrical Code shall be followed. Wire used shall be of the solid conductor, nonstranded type. The system shall be electrically supervised against both short and open wiring faults in the detection circuit, the alarm circuit and the alarm and trouble relay coils. A short or open wiring fault occurring in these circuits shall cause an audible and visible trouble indication at the control panel.
Heat detectors. The location and spacing of heat detectors shall be in accordance with the recommendations contained in NFPA Standard No. 72E. Detectors of the fixed-temperature or rate-compensated spot-pattern type shall be classified as to the temperature of operation and marked with the appropriate color code. Detectors having fixed-temperature or rate-compensated elements shall be selected in accordance with Paragraph 3-3.1 of Standard No. 72E for the maximum ceiling temperature that can be expected.
Smoke detectors. Smoke detectors shall be located on the ceiling not less than six inches from a side wall. Spacing of detectors shall result from an evaluation based upon engineering judgment supplemented, if feasible, by field tests. Ceiling shape and surfaces, ceiling height, configuration of contents, burning characteristics of stored combustibles and ventilation are some of the parameters that shall be considered. Spacing shall also be in accordance with Paragraph 4-4 of Standard No. 72E. The selection and installation of detectors shall take into consideration both the design characteristics of the detector and the areas into which the detectors will be installed so as to prevent false operation or nonoperation after installation. Detectors shall be capable of detecting gray smoke having a minimum smoke obscuration of 4% per foot (optical density of 0.0177 per foot).
Alarm-sounding devices. Each detection device shall cause the operation of an alarm which shall be clearly audible over background noise levels. The tests of audibility level shall be conducted with all equipment which may be in operation. All alarm-sounding devices shall have a minimum rating of 85 dBA at 10 feet.
Maintenance and testing. Each automatic detector shall be continuously maintained in reliable operating condition at all times, and such periodic inspections and tests shall be made as are necessary to assure proper maintenance as specific in Chapter 7 of Standard No. 72E. Detectors shall be under the supervision of a responsible person who shall cause proper tests to be made at specified intervals and have general charge of all alterations and additions. After installation, a visual inspection of all detectors shall be made to be sure that they are properly located, and each detector shall be checked to ensure that it is connected and powered in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. Specifics for initial installation tests, periodic tests, cleaning and maintenance, and tests following an alarm, as contained in Chapter 7 of Standard No. 72E, shall be followed.