City of Evanston, WY
Uinta County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Evanston by Ord. No. 81-29. Amendments noted where applicable.]

§ 16-1 Intent and purpose of chapter.

§ 16-2 Territorial jurisdiction.

§ 16-3 Definitions.

§ 16-4 Permit—Required; transfer.

§ 16-5 Same—Application and filing fee.

§ 16-6 Same—Issuance or refusal; form and contents.

§ 16-7 Permittee's bonds and insurance.

§ 16-8 Conversion from natural production to or use of new well for enhanced recovery or disposal—Permit required.

§ 16-9 Same—Application and fee for permit; permit approval or disapproval; drilling and testing requirements.

§ 16-10 Annual inspection fee.

§ 16-11 Disposal of salt water and other deleterious substances.

§ 16-12 Compliance with applicable laws.

§ 16-13 Surface casing.

§ 16-14 Purchase of wellsites by City.

§ 16-15 Abandonment and plugging.

§ 16-16 Movement of heavy equipment.

§ 16-17 Well location.

§ 16-18 Fences.

§ 16-19 Noise and other nuisances.

§ 16-20 Maintenance and identification of lease equipment.

§ 16-21 Storage tanks and separators.

§ 16-22 Fire prevention.

§ 16-23 Pits.

§ 16-24 Motive power.

§ 16-25 Derrick and rig.

§ 16-26 Open hole formation testing.

§ 16-27 Drilling operations and equipment generally.

§ 16-28 Drilling in or blocking streets and alleys.

§ 16-29 Flaring of gas.

§ 16-30 Pollution through fracture and acidizing.

§ 16-31 Swabbing and bailing.

§ 16-32 Rupture in surface or production casing.

§ 16-33 Depositing oil products, etc., into or upon highways, sewers, rivers, etc.

§ 16-34 Safety precautions generally.

§ 16-35 Authority of oil and gas inspector to request copies of forms filed with oil and gas commission.

§ 16-36 Fresh water supply wells drilled to provide drilling muds.

§ 16-37 Employment and powers and duties generally of oil and gas inspector.

§ 16-38 Reports and records of service companies.

§ 16-39 Accumulation of vapor.

§ 16-40 Inspection of pressure lines.

§ 16-41 Ingress and egress by City and state personnel.

§ 16-42 Order to cease operations; hearing and decision by City engineer and administrative assistant.

§ 16-43 City council review of permit approval or disapproval recommendations; appeals.

§ 16-44 Permit for conduits on, under or through streets and alleys.

§ 16-45 Annual renewal and inspection fee for conduits.

§ 16-46 Applicability of chapter to existing operations.

§ 16-47 Enforcement of chapter by legal action.

§ 16-48 Violations and penalties; revocation or suspension of permits.

§ 16-1 Intent and purpose of chapter.

Since the imprudent operation of an oil and gas facility can constitute a menace to the public health, safety and welfare of the City, it is the intent and purpose of this chapter that oil and gas operations be reasonably regulated for the public good.

§ 16-2 Territorial jurisdiction.

The territorial jurisdiction of this chapter shall include all of the incorporated land located within the City and, pursuant to Wyoming Statutes, 1977, section 15-3-202, such other territory peripheral to the City which is located within one-half mile of the corporate limits.

§ 16-3 Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by this section; provided, that all technical or oil and gas industry words or phrases used herein and not specifically defined herein shall have that meaning customarily attributable thereto by prudent operators in the oil and gas industry:
ABANDONED WELL
Any natural production well in which production casing has been run but which has not been operated for six months, and each well in which no production casing has been run and for which drilling operations have ceased for ninety consecutive days.
ARTIFICIAL PRODUCTION
The raising to the surface of the earth, by means other than natural flow, of petroleum or natural gas.
CITY
The City and all territory lying within the jurisdictional limits of the City as set forth in section 16-2.
DELETERIOUS SUBSTANCE
Any chemical, salt water, oil field brine, waste oil, waste emulsified oil, basic sediment, mud or injurious substances produced or used in the drilling, development, producing, transportation, refining and processing of oil, gas or condensate.
ENHANCED RECOVERY
An operation by which fluid or energy is introduced into a source of supply for the purpose of facilitating recovery therefrom.
NATURAL PRODUCTION
The raising to the surface of the earth, by natural flow, of petroleum or natural gas.
OIL AND GAS COMMISSION
The state oil and gas commission.
OIL AND GAS INSPECTOR
That person employed by the City to enforce this chapter, or his authorized representatives.
PERMITTEE
The person to whom is issued a permit under the terms of this chapter.
PERSON
Any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, cooperative, trust or other type of organization.
POLLUTION
The contamination or other alteration of the physical, chemical or biological properties of any natural waters of the City or state, or such discharge of any liquid, gaseous or solid substance into any waters of the City as will or is likely to create a nuisance or render such waters harmful or detrimental or injurious to public health, safety or welfare; to domestic, commercial, industrial, agricultural, recreational or other beneficial uses; or to livestock, animals or aquatic life.
PRESSURE MAINTENANCE
An operation by which gas, water or other fluids are injected into a supply of oil to maintain pressure or retard pressure decline therein for the purpose of facilitating recovery therefrom.
STATE
The State of Wyoming and its branches, departments, agencies, boards or the officers thereof.
WATER OR WATERS OF THE CITY OR STATE
All streams, lakes, ponds, marshes, watercourses, waterways, wells, springs, irrigation systems, drainage systems and all other bodies or accumulations of water, surface and underground, natural or artificial, public or private, which are contained within, flow through or border upon the City or state or any portion thereof.
WELL
Unless specifically qualified, any hole or bore to any depth, for the purpose of producing and recovering any oil, gas or liquefied matter or for the injection or disposal of any of the foregoing; provided, that nothing contained herein shall require a permit under this chapter for the drilling of a water well capable of providing potable water as a fresh water supply.

§ 16-4 Permit—Required; transfer.

It shall be unlawful and an offense for any person, acting for himself or acting as agent, servant, employee, subcontractor or independent contractor of any other person, to commence to drill an original well or reenter any abandoned well in order to bring such abandoned well into production within the City, or to work upon or assist in any way in the production or operation of any such well, without a permit having first been issued by the authority of the oil and gas inspector in accordance with this chapter. Any permit issued pursuant hereto shall be transferred only after obtaining the express written consent of the oil and gas inspector.

§ 16-5 Same—Application and filing fee.

Every application for a permit to drill an original well or to reenter an abandoned well shall be in writing, signed by the applicant or by some person duly authorized to sign the same on his behalf, and it shall be filed with the oil and gas inspector and be accompanied by a filing fee of five thousand dollars for wells not exceeding a depth of ten thousand feet, and seven thousand five hundred dollars for wells exceeding a depth of ten thousand feet. No application shall request a permit to drill more than one well. The application shall contain the information required by the oil and gas inspector, including the following:
A. 
Name and address of the applicant and date of the application.
B. 
Where applying for a proposed original well:
(1) 
A block map of the fifteen acres surrounding the drill site, including thereon the location of the proposed well and distances therefrom to all existing dwelling houses, buildings or other structures, designed for the occupancy of human beings or animals, within three hundred feet of any such well, and the location of all existing oil, gas or fresh water wells within such fifteen acre tract.
(2) 
The names of the mineral, surface and lease owners.
(3) 
A copy of the approved drilling permit from the oil and gas commission and a copy of the staking plat.
(4) 
A drilling prognosis, to specify in detail the amount, weight and size of conductor pipe and surface pipe and the procedures to be used for cementing such. Plugging procedures to be used in the event production is not established shall also be specified.
(5) 
A statement of the provisions for water for the drilling rig.
(6) 
The name and address of the person within the state upon whom service of process upon the applicant may be made within the state; and in the case of any nonresident person who has no such service agent within the state, there shall be attached to the application the designation of such a service agent resident in the county and a consent that service of summons may be made upon such person in any action to enforce any of the obligations of the applicant hereunder.
(7) 
A verification of the application, under oath.
C. 
Where the application is one for the reentry of an abandoned well, such application shall contain all of the information required by subsection B of this section, with the exception that the oil and gas inspector may vary the requirements thereof to suit the application before him; provided, that such application for a permit to reenter an abandoned well shall provide the following information in every case:
(1) 
A statement of:
(a) 
The then condition of the well.
(b) 
The depth to which it is proposed such well shall be deepened.
(c) 
The proposed casing program to be used in connection with the proposed deepening.
(2) 
Evidence of adequate current tests showing that the casing strings currently passed the same tests that are required in the case of the drilling of an original well.

§ 16-6 Same—Issuance or refusal; form and contents.

A. 
The oil and gas inspector's office, within thirty business days after the filing of an application for a permit under this chapter, shall determine whether or not such application complies in all respects with the provisions of this chapter and applicable federal and state law and, if it does, shall recommend to the mayor and City council that the permit be issued. Each permit issued under the terms of this chapter shall:
(1) 
By reference have incorporated therein all of the provisions of this chapter, with the same force and effect as if this chapter were copied verbatim therein.
(2) 
By reference have incorporated therein all of the provisions of applicable state law and the rules, regulations and standards adopted in accordance therewith relating to the protection of human beings, animals and natural resources.
(3) 
Specify that the term of such permit shall be for a period of one year from the date of issuance thereof, and for like periods thereafter upon the successful inspection of the permittee's well and operations, as is provided for elsewhere in this chapter.
(4) 
Specify such conditions imposed by the oil and gas inspector as are by this chapter authorized.
(5) 
Specify that no actual operations shall be commenced until the permittee shall file and have approved the required bonds and certificate of insurance in the appropriate amounts as provided for elsewhere in this chapter.
(6) 
Specify that the issuance of the permit will be contingent upon obtaining a conditional use permit as required by sections 24-94, 24-96 or of 24-106 of this Code.
B. 
If the permit is issued, it shall, in two originals, be signed by the oil and gas inspector and the permittee and, when so signed, shall constitute the permittee's license to drill and operate in the City and the contractual obligation of the permittee to comply with the terms of such permit, such bonds as are required and applicable state law, rules, regulations, standards and directives. One executed original copy of such permit shall be retained by the oil and gas inspector; the other shall be retained by the permittee and shall be kept available for inspection by any City or state law enforcement official who shall demand to see the same.
C. 
If the permit is refused, or if the applicant notifies the oil and gas inspector in writing that he does not elect to accept the permit as tendered and wishes to withdraw his application, or if the bonds of the applicant are not approved, the cash fee filed with the application shall be refunded to the applicant; except, that there shall be retained therefrom by the City five hundred dollars as a processing fee.

§ 16-7 Permittee's bonds and insurance.

In the event a permit is issued by the oil and gas inspector, no actual operations shall be commenced until the permittee shall file with the City bonds and a certificate of insurance, as follows:
A. 
A bond in the principal sum of at least one hundred thousand dollars, such bond to be executed by a reliable insurance company authorized to do business in the state, as surety, and with the applicant as principal, running to the City for the benefit of the City and all persons concerned, conditioned that the permittee will comply with the terms and conditions of this chapter in the operation of the well for either natural or artificial production, injection or disposal. Such bond shall become effective on or before the date the same is filed with the City and remain in force and effect for at least twelve months subsequent to the expiration of the permit term; in addition the bond will be conditioned that the permittee will promptly pay fines, penalties and other assessments imposed upon the permittee by reason of his breach of any of the terms, provisions and conditions of this chapter; that the permittee will promptly restore the streets, sidewalks and other public property of the City which may be disturbed or damaged in the permittee's operations to their former condition; that the permittee will promptly clear all premises of all litter, trash, waste and other substances and will, after abandonment, grade level and restore such property to the same surface condition, as practicable as is possible, as existed prior to commencing operations; and, further, that the permittee shall indemnify and hold harmless the City from all liability attributable to granting the permit.
If, after the completion of a producing well, the permittee has complied with all of the provisions of this chapter, such as removing the derrick and clearing the premises, he may apply to the oil and gas inspector to have such bond reduced to a sum of not less than fifty thousand dollars for the remainder of the time such well produces without reworking. During reworking operations the amount of the bond shall be increased to the original amount.
B. 
In addition to the bond required in subsection A of this section, the permittee shall obtain a bond in the principal sum of at least one million dollars; or policies of public liability insurance, including contractual liability, which policies in the aggregate shall provide a minimum coverage of at least one million dollars; or, with the City council's prior approval, a letter of indemnity of not less than one million dollars. No policy shall include any exclusion for property damage caused by explosion hazard, collapse hazard, blowout and cratering or underground property damage, or for damage resulting from discharge, dispersal, release or escape of other oil or petroleum substance or derivative into or upon any watercourse or body of water. Such bond or insurance policy shall be executed by a reliable insurer licensed to do business in the state. Such bond, insurance policy or letter of indemnity shall run to the benefit of the City and all persons concerned, conditioned that the permittee will comply with every applicable federal and state and local law, rule, ordinance, regulation, standard or directive relating to the maintenance of the safe and beneficial physical, chemical and biological properties of any natural waters of the City; that the permittee shall obtain the necessary permits from the City and state with regard to any operations which have the potential of rendering such waters harmful or detrimental or injurious to the public health, safety and welfare; that the permittee shall bear all the costs necessary and incidental to the correction of any pollution to such waters caused by the permittee or the permittee's agents, servants, employees, subcontractors or independent contractors; that the permittee shall pay all fines, penalties, assessments or judgments resulting directly or incidentally from the permittee's activities and which result in pollution of City waters; and that the permittee shall indemnify and hold harmless the City from all liability attributable to granting the permit or from the operation of such well.
C. 
In addition to the bonds required in subsections A and B of this section, the permittee shall carry policies of standard comprehensive public liability insurance, including contractual liability covering bodily injuries and property damage, naming the permittee and the City, issued by an insurer authorized to do business within the state. Such policies, in the aggregate, shall provide for the following minimum coverage: (1) Bodily injuries, five hundred thousand dollars per person; one million dollars per accident; (2) Five hundred thousand dollars.
(1) 
The permittee shall file with the City certificates of such insurance as above stated and shall obtain the written approval thereof of the oil and gas inspector, who shall act thereon promptly after the date of such filing.
(2) 
Such insurance policies shall not be canceled without written notice to the oil and gas inspector at least thirty days prior to the effective date of such cancellation. In the event such policies are canceled, the permit granted shall immediately thereupon terminate, without any action on the part of the oil and gas inspector, and the permittee's rights to operation under such permit shall cease until the permittee files additional insurance as provided herein.
(3) 
If, after completion of a producing well, the permittee has complied with all of the provisions of this chapter, such as removing derricks, clearing premises and the like, he may apply to the oil and gas inspector to have such insurance policies reduced as follows: Bodily injuries, two hundred fifty thousand dollars per person and five hundred thousand dollars per accident; and property damage, two hundred fifty thousand dollars.

§ 16-8 Conversion from natural production to or use of new well for enhanced recovery or disposal—Permit required.

A. 
No person shall convert any well from natural or primary production to a use for enhanced recovery or disposal without first obtaining the necessary permit therefor.
B. 
No person shall reenter any abandoned well or drill an original well to be used for enhanced recovery without first obtaining the necessary permit therefor.

§ 16-9 Same—Application and fee for permit; permit approval or disapproval; drilling and testing requirements.

A. 
An application for such permit as is required by section 16-8 shall be in the same form as that required for a permit to drill an original well and shall contain complete information required by the oil and gas inspector, including the following:
(1) 
A block map of the well site, showing all equipment to be used thereat, location of pipelines, access road and distances from the well to all fences, public roadways and buildings within a radius of three hundred thirty feet.
(2) 
A block map of the project, showing the location of all supply, disposal, injection and producing wells; all conduits; tank battery, pumping station and appurtenant equipment; all wells in the project area and those located in the sections immediately adjacent, to include producing, abandoned, disposal and public or private fresh water supply wells.
(3) 
Evidence that all wells in the area of the project and adjacent sections are adequately plugged.
(4) 
All wells associated with the project shall be indicated by statu (e.g., P and A, injection, SW, oil, etc.), and show the following additional information:
(a) 
Footage location (surface).
(b) 
DF or KB elevation.
(c) 
Drilled total depth.
(d) 
PBTD.
(e) 
Size, depth and quality of surface and production casing.
(f) 
Location of all plugs, packers, cement plugs, tubing anchors, etc., with the well bore.
(g) 
Depth and nature of all cement squeeze jobs.
(h) 
Formation name and depth of all open perforations producing open hole.
(i) 
Volume and type of cement used on surface and production strings.
(j) 
Top of cement.
(5) 
One copy of all electric, mechanical, sample and driller's logs, if available.
(6) 
Fee and operation name for each well.
(7) 
One copy of all cement bond logs and production logs.
(8) 
One copy of all work performed on the well.
(9) 
Copies of all information supplied to the oil and gas commission, and such commission's approval of the project.
(10) 
Copies of oil and gas commission orders, indicating successful pressure testing of each injection well at a pressure greater than the maximum proposed for the project, or if no such order has been entered, sufficient evidence of the successful pressure testing of each injection well.
B. 
Upon the completion of the application required hereunder, the oil and gas inspector shall have thirty business days to review the same and make a recommendation of approval or disapproval to the mayor and City council.
C. 
A fee of one thousand dollars shall be submitted along with every application required hereunder.
D. 
Injection lines shall be buried in a trench of a depth no less than four feet and shall be pressure tested (static) annually at a minimum of one hundred fifty percent of the pressure normally encountered at the injection pump discharge for a period of hours to be fixed by the oil and gas inspector. The oil and gas inspector shall be notified five days in advance of such test and may supervise the same. Test results shall be filed with the City upon completion.
E. 
Fresh water wells located within a radius of one-quarter mile of any enhanced recovery or disposal well shall be tested semiannually for the presence of deleterious substances, such as chlorides, sulphates and dissolved solids. Such testing is the responsibility of the permittee and at the permittee's expense, to be conducted by a person approved by the oil and gas inspector. The oil and gas inspector shall be notified five days in advance of such testing and may be present therefor. Test results shall be filed with the City upon completion; provided, that if the permittee is not able to obtain permission from the owner of such wells to test the same, such failure to test shall not be considered as a violation of this chapter.

§ 16-10 Annual inspection fee.

An annual inspection fee is hereby levied upon each well operated or maintained under a permit issued by the City. Such fee shall be in the amount of one thousand dollars, payable to the City on or before the annual anniversary date of the issuance of any permit under this chapter. No permit for any well shall be considered valid for any year for which the annual fee has not been paid.

§ 16-11 Disposal of salt water and other deleterious substances.

A. 
Every permittee under this chapter shall make sufficient provisions for the safe disposal of salt water or other deleterious substances which he may bring to the surface of the earth. Such disposal shall not result in pollution of the waters of the City and shall not result in any other environmental hazard and shall incorporate the best available techniques and equipment.
B. 
In the event of any leakage or spillage of any pollutant or deleterious substance, whatever the cause thereof, the permittee shall cause the oil and gas inspector to be notified thereof promptly. If, in the judgment of the oil and gas inspector, such leakage or spillage presents a potential environmental hazard, he may issue whatever corrective orders he deems appropriate and may require the appropriate testing of the surface and subsurface for pollutant incursion, the cost of such tests to be borne by the permittee.

§ 16-12 Compliance with applicable laws.

No person shall drill an original well or reenter an abandoned well for any purpose, or permit to exist any well, structure, equipment, pipeline, machinery, tank or other appurtenance, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or other City ordinances as may be applicable, or the laws, rules, regulations, operative standards or directives of the state.

§ 16-13 Surface casing.

A. 
Surface casing shall be set a minimum of two hundred feet below the deepest fresh water zone found in the eight sections adjacent to the wellsite section. A resistivity and porosity electric log shall be run in the surface hole before surface pipe is set, a copy of which will be filed with the oil and gas inspector. Surface pipe shall have a centralizer on the shoe joint, a centralizer within fifty feet of the shoe joint and centralizers no more than two hundred feet apart above the second centralizer.
B. 
Surface pipe shall be cemented by attempting to circulate good cement to the surface by normal displacement practices. If cement cannot be circulated to the surface due to washed out hole or lost circulation, the existing cement shall not be over-displaced, and a plug shall be left in the bottom of the casing string to be drilled out once the surface is set. The remaining open hole behind the surface pipe shall be cemented by running a tubing string between the conductor string and surface pipe until the top of the cement is tagged. The remaining uncemented annular space will then be cemented until good cement is circulated to the surface.
C. 
Where an existing well is to be used as an injection or disposal site, the existing casing and cement shall be of such integrity and depth as to adequately and safely isolate fresh water producing zones from the seepage or bleeding of injection fluids or disposants. Where additional protective operations are undertaken to comply with this subsection, the oil and gas inspector shall be notified thereof sufficiently in advance in order for him to be present for such operations.

§ 16-14 Purchase of wellsites by City.

If any well is to be abandoned, or has otherwise been determined by the permittee to be useless for his purposes, the permittee shall give notice to the City thereof, and in a proper case, the City shall have the right, if it so chooses, to acquire the well or any portion thereof for use as a fresh water supply well, at a price determinable by its cost to the permittee. No well shall be plugged before the City has first, in writing, declined to obtain such well as a source of fresh water, any other provision of this chapter notwithstanding.

§ 16-15 Abandonment and plugging.

Whenever any well is abandoned, it shall be the obligation of the permittee and the operator of the well to set a two hundred foot cement plug in the bottom of the surface casing, with the bottom of the plug one hundred feet below the surface casing section, and to set a fifty foot cement plug in the top of the surface casing. No surface or conductor string of casing may be pulled or removed from a well. During initial abandonment operations it will be the obligation of the permittee and operator to flood the well with mud-laden fluid, weighing not less than ten pounds per gallon, and to circulate this mud until stabilized, and the well shall be kept rifled to the top with mud-laden fluid of the weight herein specified at all times; mud-laden fluid of the above specifications will be left in the well bore below and between cement plugs. Any additional provisions or precautionary measures prescribed by the state or the oil and gas commission of the state in connection with the abandonment and plugging of a well shall be complied with by the permittee.

§ 16-16 Movement of heavy equipment.

A. 
No person shall move or cause to be moved over, upon or across any paving, paved street or alley within the City any piece of machinery of extreme weight which may crack or injure such pavement, except as provided in this section.
B. 
Prior to the moving of any such machinery over, across or upon any paved street or alley within the City, application shall be made to the City clerk and approved by the oil and gas inspector.

§ 16-17 Well location.

No permit shall be issued for the drilling of an original well or the reentry of an abandoned well in other than L-I, H-I or A-1 zones, after obtaining a conditional use permit as required by chapter 24 of this Code, and at any location which is nearer than two hundred feet from any permanent residence or commercial building, or which is closer than three hundred feet to a producing fresh water well.

§ 16-18 Fences.

Any person who completes any well as a producer shall have the obligation to enclose such well, together with its surface facilities, by a fence sufficiently high and properly built so as to ordinarily keep persons and animals out the enclosure, with all gates thereto to be kept locked when the permittee or his employees are not within the enclosure; provided, that in non-platted areas the oil and gas inspector, at his discretion, may waive the requirement of any fence or may designate the type of fence to be erected. Fences must be kept locked at all times workers of the permittee are not present; a duplicate set of keys to such lock shall be filed with the oil and gas inspector.

§ 16-19 Noise and other nuisances.

All oil operations, drilling and production operations shall be conducted in such a manner as to eliminate, as far as practicable, dust, noise, vibration or noxious odors and shall be in accordance with the best accepted practices incident to exploration for, drilling for and production of oil, gas and other hydrocarbon substances. Proven technological improvements in exploration, drilling and production methods shall be adopted as they become, from time to time, available, if capable of reducing factors of nuisance and annoyance.

§ 16-20 Maintenance and identification of lease equipment.

All lease equipment shall be painted and maintained in a good state of appearance and shall have posted in a prominent place a metal sign no less than two feet square in area upon which the following information shall be conspicuous: Permittee's name; lease name; location of the drill site by reference to the United States survey; identifying number of the permit issued by the City.

§ 16-21 Storage tanks and separators.

A. 
Crude oil storage tanks shall not be constructed, operated or used, except to the extent of two steel tanks for oil storage, not exceeding five hundred barrels capacity each and so constructed and maintained as to be vapor tight; provided, that additional tankage may be approved by the oil and gas inspector.
B. 
A permittee may use, construct and operate a steel conventional separator and such other steel tanks and appurtenances as are necessary for treating oil, with each of such facilities to be so constructed and maintained as to be vapor tight. Each oil and gas separator shall be equipped with both a regulation pressure relief safety valve and a bursting head.

§ 16-22 Fire prevention.

Adequate fire fighting apparatus and supplies approved by the City fire department shall be maintained on the drilling site at all times during drilling and production operations. All machinery, equipment and installations on all drilling sites within the City limits shall conform with such requirements as may from time to time be issued by the fire department.

§ 16-23 Pits.

Steel mud or circulating pits shall be used. Such pits and contents shall be removed from the premises and the drilling site within sixty days after completion of the well. No earthen pits shall be allowed, unless small and temporary and approved in writing by the oil and gas inspector.

§ 16-24 Motive power.

The motive power for all well pumping equipment shall be electricity, unless specific approval is given by the oil and gas inspector for an alternate source of power.

§ 16-25 Derrick and rig.

It shall be unlawful and an offense for any person to use or operate in connection with the drilling, reentry or reworking of any well within the City any wooden derrick or any steam powered rig, and all engines shall be equipped with adequate mufflers approved by the oil and gas inspector. Permitting any drilling rig or derrick to remain on the premises or drilling site for a period of longer than sixty days after completion or abandonment of a well is hereby prohibited.

§ 16-26 Open hole formation testing.

A. 
All open hole formation testing shall be done during daylight hours, with advance notification thereof made to the oil and gas inspector, adequate to enable him to be present if he so chooses.
B. 
All open hole formation testing shall be done into steel tanks, or flared properly in the case of gas.

§ 16-27 Drilling operations and equipment generally.

All drilling, reentry and operations at any well performed under this chapter shall be conducted in accordance with the best practices of the reasonably prudent operator. All casing, valves and blowout preventers, drilling fluid, tubing, bradenhead, Christmas tree and well head connections shall be of a type and quality consistent with the best practices of such reasonably prudent operator. Setting and cementing casing and running drill stem tests shall be performed in a manner and at a time consistent with the best practices of such reasonably prudent operator. Any permittee under this chapter shall observe and follow the recommendations or regulations of the American Petroleum Institute and the oil and gas commission. A copy of all electric, production, cased hole and cement bond logs shall, if requested by the oil and gas inspector, be filed with the oil and gas inspector.

§ 16-28 Drilling in or blocking streets and alleys.

No well shall be drilled, and no permit shall be issued for any well to be drilled, at any location which is within any of the streets or alleys of the City; and no street or alley shall be blocked or encumbered or closed in any drilling or production operation, except with the written approval of the oil and gas inspector, and then only temporarily.

§ 16-29 Flaring of gas.

All produced gas shall either be sold or flared, with the flaring procedures being approved by the oil and gas inspector and the chief engineer of the fire department.

§ 16-30 Pollution through fracture and acidizing.

In the completion of an oil and gas, injection, disposal or service well, where acidizing or fracturing processes are used, no oil, gas or other deleterious substances or pollutants shall be permitted to pollute any surface or subsurface fresh waters.

§ 16-31 Swabbing and bailing.

In swabbing, bailing or purging a well, all deleterious substances removed from the bore hole shall be placed in appropriate tanks or pits, and no substances shall be permitted to pollute any surface or subsurface fresh waters.

§ 16-32 Rupture in surface or production casing.

In the event a rupture, break or opening occurs in the surface or production casing, the permittee or the operator or drilling contractor shall take immediate action to repair it and shall report the incident to the oil and gas inspector promptly.

§ 16-33 Depositing oil products, etc., into or upon highways, sewers, rivers, etc.

No person shall deposit, drain or divert into or upon any public highway, street or alley, drainage ditch, storm drain, sewer, gutter, paving, creek, river, lake or lagoon any oil or oily liquid with petroleum content or any mud, rotary mud, sand, water or salt water, or in any manner permit, by seepage, overflow or otherwise, any of such substances to escape from any property owned, leased or controlled by such person and flow or be carried into or upon any public highway, street or alley, drainage ditch, storm drain, sewer, gutter, paving, creek, river, lake or lagoon within the City.

§ 16-34 Safety precautions generally.

Persons drilling, operating or maintaining any well shall use all necessary care and take all precautions which shall be reasonably necessary under the circumstances to protect the public. The provisions of this chapter shall be deemed to be the minimum requirements for the preservation of the public health, safety and welfare, and compliance with the terms hereof shall not be deemed to relieve any person of any additional duty imposed by law.

§ 16-35 Authority of oil and gas inspector to request copies of forms filed with oil and gas commission.

Copies of all applications, notices, forms, records, logs and the like filed by the permittee with the oil and gas commission shall, if requested by the oil and gas inspector, be filed with the City. The oil and gas inspector shall keep confidential all submitted material which the state requires to be kept confidential.

§ 16-36 Fresh water supply wells drilled to provide drilling muds.

In the event a fresh water supply well is drilled to provide water for drilling muds, and upon the completion of operations for which such well is required, the City shall have the right to purchase such well at a price determinable by the cost of completion. If the City, in a proper case, does not make such purchase, any such well shall be properly plugged after notice of intention to so plug is provided the oil and gas inspector, who may supervise the operation.

§ 16-37 Employment and powers and duties generally of oil and gas inspector.

A. 
The City engineer, with the approval and consent of the mayor and City council, shall employ an oil and gas inspector, whose duty it shall be to enforce the provisions of this chapter.
B. 
The oil and gas inspector shall have the authority to issue such orders or directives as are required to carry out the intent and purpose of this chapter and its particular provisions. Failure to abide by any such order or directive shall be a violation of this chapter.
C. 
The oil and gas inspector shall have the authority to go upon and inspect any premises covered by the terms of this chapter to ascertain whether this chapter and the applicable laws, rules, regulations, standards or directives of the state are being complied with. Failure to permit access to the oil and gas inspector shall be deemed a violation of this chapter.
D. 
The oil and gas inspector shall have the authority to request and receive any records, logs, reports and the like relating to the status or condition of any well or project or the appurtenances thereof within the City. Such material shall remain confidential where such confidentiality is usually granted by the state. Failure to provide any such requested material shall be deemed a violation of this chapter.

§ 16-38 Reports and records of service companies.

Upon request of the oil and gas inspector, service companies or other persons shall furnish and file reports and records showing perforating, hydraulic fracturing, cementing, shooting, chemical treatment and all other service operations on any site covered by this chapter. Such furnished material shall remain confidential where such confidentiality is usually granted by the state. Failure to provide any such requested material shall be deemed a violation of this chapter.

§ 16-39 Accumulation of vapor.

The oil and gas inspector shall have the authority to require the immediate shutting in or closing of any well if he finds that there exists, within a one hundred foot radius of any well, any gas or gasoline vapor in a quantity sufficient to constitute, in his judgment or in the judgment of the chief engineer of the City fire department, a fire hazard. The well shall remain shut or closed in until the hazard and its cause are removed.

§ 16-40 Inspection of pressure lines.

The oil and gas inspector shall inspect all pressure lines in use at any well or at any project to assure that tubing, fittings, equipment or connections are reasonably tight, safe and free from leaks.

§ 16-41 Ingress and egress by City and state personnel.

Lease roads shall be maintained in such manner as to safely and comfortably allow for ingress and egress of City or state personnel traveling in a common passenger motor vehicle.

§ 16-42 Order to cease operations; hearing and decision by City engineer and administrative assistant.

A. 
If the oil and gas inspector finds that, in his judgment, a hazard to life or natural resources exists, he shall order immediate rectification of the cause. If the permittee takes no immediate measure to reduce the hazard, or if the situation is so perilous as to constitute an imminent threat to safety, he may order the prompt cessation of activity and, if necessary, the clearance of the premises.
B. 
The oil and gas inspector shall apply to the City engineer and administrative assistant for a hearing upon such order, which hearing shall be held not longer than twenty-four hours after the issuance of such order by the oil and gas inspector. The City engineer and administrative assistant shall determine if proper cause existed and, if not, shall order the permittee's activity to resume without delay. If the City engineer and administrative assistant determine that proper cause did exist for the order to cease activity to issue, they shall make whatever ruling is proper to assure rectification of the cause of the peril. Such ruling and compliance with it by the permittee shall not be construed to absolve the permittee of any liability for any violation of this chapter for any damage or injury caused thereby.

§ 16-43 City council review of permit approval or disapproval recommendations; appeals.

A. 
Upon the consideration of any application for a permit required by the terms of this chapter, the oil and gas inspector shall recommend approval or disapproval thereof to the mayor and City council, who shall review the matter at a regularly scheduled meeting and thereupon uphold or reverse the recommendation, with or without the addition of any conditions thereto.
B. 
Any permittee aggrieved by any order, directive or ruling issued by the oil and gas inspector or by any ruling by the City engineer and administrative assistant may appeal the same to the City council, which shall hear the matter at its next scheduled meeting. The lodging of such appeal shall not stay the enforcement of any of the provisions of this chapter. The City council, upon hearing the matter, may issue whatever ruling or order is appropriate; provided, that such ruling or order is in keeping with the spirit and purpose of this chapter.

§ 16-44 Permit for conduits on, under or through streets and alleys.

A. 
No permittee shall make any excavations or construct any lines for the conveyance of fuel, water or minerals on, under or through the streets and alleys of the City, without first having obtained a permit therefor upon application to the City engineer.
B. 
The City engineer shall prescribe the forms to be used for such application and the information to accompany it.
C. 
Each application for a permit under this section shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable filing fee in the amount of two hundred fifty dollars.
D. 
The City engineer shall, within twenty days of receipt of the properly executed application, either grant or deny the request.
E. 
The granting of any such permit shall not be construed to be the granting of a franchise.

§ 16-45 Annual renewal and inspection fee for conduits.

A. 
The permittee under section 16-44 shall pay to the City an annual renewal and inspection fee of one dollar per rod of conduit, multiplied by the number of rods in the conduit for which the permit was issued.
B. 
The City engineer shall appoint a representative who shall inspect such conduits to assure the public safety. No permit issued under section 16-44 shall be renewed if the conduit or any part thereof covered by such permit is in an unsafe condition.

§ 16-46 Applicability of chapter to existing operations.

This chapter shall apply to any person drilling an original well, reentering an abandoned well, conducting natural or artificial production projects or operations or maintaining a disposal well within the City on May 7, 1981, and every such person shall have no longer than ninety days to come into compliance with this chapter; provided, that:
A. 
No initial permit fees shall be charged such persons as would otherwise apply.
B. 
No penalties shall be sought against any activity violative of this chapter, where such activity preexisted the adoption of this chapter and was otherwise in compliance with the applicable federal, state or City laws, rules, regulations, ordinances, standards or directives.
C. 
The oil and gas inspector may allow for reasonable extensions or variations for compliance with this chapter where to do so would be in the interests of fairness.

§ 16-47 Enforcement of chapter by legal action.

In case any oil or gas facility or operation is or is proposed to be erected, constructed, reconstructed, changed, maintained or used, or any land is proposed to be used, in violation of any provisions of this chapter or any amendment thereto, the City council or any owner of real estate within the City, in addition to other remedies provided by law, may institute injunction, mandamus or abatement to enjoin, prevent, abate or remove such unlawful use. Appeals from the judgments rendered in any action instituted to enforce this chapter shall be permitted and shall be in accordance with the general appeal provisions of applicable law.

§ 16-48 Violations and penalties; revocation or suspension of permits.

It shall be unlawful and an offense for any person to violate or neglect to comply with any provisions of this chapter, irrespective of whether or not the verbiage of each section hereof contains the specific language that such violation or neglect is unlawful and is an offense. Any person who shall violate any of the provisions of this chapter or any of the provisions of a drilling and operating permit issued pursuant hereto, or any condition of the bond filed by the permittee pursuant to this chapter, or who shall neglect to comply with the terms hereof, shall be deemed guilty of an offense and shall, on conviction thereof, be fined in a sum not more than seven hundred fifty dollars, and the violation of each separate provision of this chapter, and of such permit and of such bond, shall be considered a separate offense, and each day's violation of each separate provision thereof shall be considered a separate offense. In addition to the foregoing penalties, it is further provided that the City council, at any regular or special session or meeting thereof, may, provided ten days' notice has been given to the permittee that revocation is to be considered at such meeting, revoke or suspend any permit issued under this chapter and under which drilling or producing operations are being conducted in the event the permittee thereof has violated any provision of such permit, such bond or this chapter. In the event the permit is revoked, the permittee may make application to the oil and gas inspector for reissuance of such permit, and the action of the City thereon shall be final. Any continuing offense shall be considered a public nuisance, the remedies for which under law shall be in addition to those hereinbefore enumerated.