Town of Woodstock, NY
Ulster County
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The general area and bulk regulations in each zoning district are set forth in the Schedule of Area and Bulk Regulations.[1] This schedule is supplemented, as appropriate, by other provisions of this chapter, including the extraordinary standards for certain special permit uses stated in Article VI of this chapter.
[1]:
Editor's Note: The Schedule of Area and Bulk Regulations is included at the end of this chapter.
A. 
Nothing contained herein shall prohibit the development of an existing lot of record of less than the prescribed lot area or lot width, if such existing lot of record was owned individually and separate from any adjoining lot or tract at the time of adoption of the Town's initial Zoning Ordinance on December 28, 1965, or any amendment thereto, or was owned individually and separate from any adjoining lot or tract at the time of the adoption of this chapter, provided that:
(1) 
Such lot has an area of at least 7,500 square feet and a minimum width of 60 feet if it is to be used for residential purposes;
(2) 
Such lot may not be used for more than one dwelling unit;
(3) 
Such use satisfies all applicable requirements of the Town of Woodstock and the Ulster County Health Department for potable water supply and sewage disposal facilities; and
(4) 
All other bulk requirements for that district are met.
B. 
Nothing contained herein shall prohibit the use of an undeveloped lot in a subdivision which has been properly approved by the Town Planning Board and subsequently filed in the office of the Ulster County Clerk within the time limits prescribed by law for such action and prior to the adoption of this chapter, provided that the four conditions listed above in this section are met.
A. 
In all districts where residences are permitted, a lot held in single ownership may be improved for residential use in accordance with the minimum lot area per dwelling unit and related bulk regulations for the district as set forth in § 260-16, the Schedule of Area and Bulk Regulations, except as provided in the following sections of this chapter:
(1) 
Section 260-17 above, which regulates existing lots of record.
(2) 
Section 260-20, which details permitted modification of minimum lot area.
(3) 
Section 260-46, which regulates residential cluster development.
(4) 
Sections 260-59 and 260-60, which regulate accessory apartments.
(5) 
Section 260-63N, which regulates multifamily dwellings.
(6) 
Article VIII, which details Planned Residential Development (PRD) District regulations.
B. 
Only one principal residential structure or dwelling unit shall be permitted on a lot, except pursuant to the provisions of §§ 260-46 and 260-63N and Article VIII of this chapter and as follows:
(1) 
Conversion of an existing single-family residence to a two-family residence and construction of a two-family residence shall be allowed in the R1.5, HR, HC and NC Districts without application of the minimum lot area per dwelling unit requirement to each dwelling unit where central water and common sewer are provided by the Town of Woodstock, and provided that the lot meets the minimum lot area requirement for the applicable district, and all other applicable requirements of this chapter and other applicable laws, rules and regulations are strictly met.
(2) 
For two-family residences in the R8, R5 and R3 Districts, or for those lots without Town-provided central water and common sewer, the minimum lot area per dwelling unit requirement shall apply.
C. 
A residential lot of required or greater than required area as set forth in this chapter shall not be reduced in area for transfer of ownership if such lot so divided will form two or more lots, any of which shall be less than the minimum lot area required for the district in which the lot or lots are situated, except pursuant to the provisions of § 260-20 of this chapter.
[Amended 10-11-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
In all districts where nonresidential uses are permitted, a lot held in single ownership may be improved for nonresidential use in accordance with the minimum lot area, floor area ratio (FAR) and other related bulk regulations for the district as set forth in § 260-16, the Schedule of Area and Bulk Regulations and the minimum parking requirements set forth in § 260-30. All such calculations for nonresidential uses shall be based on the total floor area proposed to be used for such purposes, regardless of the number of individual nonresidential uses proposed. Floor area ratio shall be calculated as defined in § 260-123 of this chapter.
In the R8, R5 and R3 Districts, the minimum lot area may be reduced to two acres, provided that each of the following conditions is met:
A. 
Under no circumstances shall more lots be created than would otherwise be created if the parcel were subdivided in compliance with the minimum lot area requirement for the district, as listed in § 260-16, the Schedule of Area and Bulk Regulations.
B. 
The maximum number of undersized lots which may be created shall be determined by dividing the number of acres of the parcel by twice the minimum lot area of the district and rounding the result down to the next whole number, but shall in no case exceed three undersized lots per parcel.
C. 
Each newly created parcel which meets or exceeds the minimum lot area requirement for the district shall have a restriction written on the map within the boundaries of the parcel and in the deed for the parcel. The Planning Board shall calculate the potential number of additional lots which may be created in a future subdivision, such that the total number of lots shall never exceed the number that would be created if the parcel were subdivided in compliance with the minimum lot area requirement for the district. The restriction(s) written on the map and in the deed(s) shall read "This parcel may not be subdivided. The maximum permitted subdivision has been done pursuant to § 260-20 of the Zoning Law of the Town of Woodstock" or "This parcel may be subdivided into at most n lots, pursuant to § 260-20 of the Zoning Law of the Town of Woodstock," where n is the potential number of future additional lots calculated above. Where there are two or more lots which are eligible for further subdivision, the number n shall be apportioned among said lots as desired by the applicant. The restriction(s) shall appear on the map prior to signing by the Woodstock Planning Board and in the deed(s) prior to filing with the Ulster County Clerk.
For the purpose of conveyance between contiguous property owners, the Planning Board may create a lot of less than the minimum required lot area, provided that the conveyed lot shall be attached to and become part of an existing contiguous lot.
That portion of a structure which encroaches on any required yard may not be increased in height, regardless of whether the encroachment existed at the time of the adoption of this chapter or was permitted by variance.
A. 
The height restrictions set forth in § 260-16, the Schedule of Area and Bulk Regulations, shall not be applicable to the following structures, provided that, in their aggregate, such structures occupy not more than 80 square feet or 10%, whichever shall be less, of the roof area of the building of which they are a part:
(1) 
A radio or television antenna shall be restricted to a height of 65 feet above the average finished grade of the building of which it is a part.
(2) 
A spire, belfry, flagpole, chimney, water or cooling tower, parapet or railing, elevator, stair bulkhead, air-conditioning unit or similar structure shall be restricted to a height of 50 feet above the average finished grade of the building of which it is a part.
(3) 
Nothing described in Subsection A(1) or (2) above shall be used as a place of habitation or for advertising not otherwise authorized by this chapter.
B. 
Towers constructed for personal wireless service facilities shall not exceed the minimum height necessary to provide adequate coverage as defined in § 260-123 of this chapter and in no instance shall exceed 150 feet above finished grade.
C. 
Non-tower structure-mounted and building-mounted antenna(s) for personal wireless service facilities shall be permitted to exceed the height restrictions as set forth in this section and in § 260-16 of this chapter by not more than 15 feet.
A. 
Accessory structures as defined in § 260-123 of this chapter, excepting those in Subsection B below, may be located in any front, rear, or side yard, provided that:
(1) 
No such structure shall exceed 25 feet in height;
(2) 
Such structure shall comply with all requirements as set forth in § 260-16, the Schedule of Area and Bulk Regulations;
(3) 
Not more than 10 such accessory structures, other than a permitted sign or fence, of which not more than one shall be a private garage and not more than one shall be a guest cottage, shall be permitted on an individual lot in any district; and
(4) 
All such structures in the aggregate shall not occupy more than 30% of any required yard.
B. 
Swimming pools (aboveground and in-ground), tennis courts and other hard-surfaced game courts, and satellite dish antennas are permitted only in side and rear yards and must comply with all other provisions of Subsection A above.
C. 
The following architectural features and accessory structures may be located in any required yard, except where such constitute a permanent obstruction in a required front yard in a commercial or light industrial district:
(1) 
Chimney or pilaster;
(2) 
Open arbor or trellis;
(3) 
Unroofed steps, patio or terrace not less than 20 feet from the highway right-of-way nor less than 10 feet from any side or rear lot line, provided that the building complies with the yard requirements of this chapter, except that in the Hamlet Commercial (HC) District such feature may encroach wholly to the lot line if determined by the Planning Board under site plan review to represent no detriment to the public health, safety or welfare;
(4) 
Awning or movable canopy not to exceed 14 feet in height;
(5) 
Retaining wall, fence or masonry wall, except as limited by § 260-32 of this chapter;
(6) 
Overhanging roof not in excess of three feet into the required front yard; and
(7) 
Open fire escape not less than five feet from any lot line nor more than eight feet from the principal building.
D. 
A single portable accessory building with a maximum floor area of 80 square feet may be installed or constructed and utilized without the issuance of a building permit or certificate of occupancy, provided that:
(1) 
The structure does not have a permanent foundation;
(2) 
The structure is not served by any utility such as electricity, gas or plumbing;
(3) 
The structure does not exceed eight feet in height;
(4) 
The structure is never used for human habitation; and
(5) 
All other requirements of this chapter related to accessory structures are fully met.
E. 
Fences may be located in required yards where in full compliance with the standards provided in § 260-32 of this chapter.
No detached principal building shall be located closer to any other principal building on the same lot than the maximum height of the highest of said buildings.
A. 
On streets, roads or highways with less than a fifty-foot right-of-way, the front setback in all districts shall be measured perpendicularly from the center line of the existing right-of-way with 25 feet added to the required front yard setback to establish the building line.
B. 
For lots of record in existence prior to May 23, 2001, which are smaller in area than the minimum lot area specified in § 260-16 of this chapter for the district in which the lot is located, the following minimum setbacks shall apply:
(1) 
For R1.5 Districts: if a lot is less than 1.5 acres in size, the required yards shall be:
(a) 
Front: 25 feet.
(b) 
Side: 15 feet.
(c) 
Rear: 25 feet.
(2) 
For R3, R5 and R8 Districts: if a lot is less than three acres in size, the required yards shall be:
(a) 
Front: 25 feet.
(b) 
Side: 25 feet.
(c) 
Rear: 50 feet.
(3) 
For R5 and R8 Districts: if the lot is at least three but less than five acres, the required yards shall be:
(a) 
Front: 50 feet.
(b) 
Side: 50 feet.
(c) 
Rear: 50 feet.
(4) 
For R8 Districts: if the lot is at least five but less than eight acres, the required yards shall be:
(a) 
Front: 75 feet.
(b) 
Side: 75 feet.
(c) 
Rear: 75 feet.
A. 
Required front yards. On a corner lot, each street frontage shall be deemed to be a front street line, and the required yard along such lot line shall be a required front yard. However, the above notwithstanding, for the purposes of this chapter, no lot shall be interpreted to have more than two front yards regardless of how such lot is located or configured. The Zoning Enforcement Officer, in consultation with the owner, shall establish which of the remaining yards shall be the required side yard and the required rear yard for purposes of this chapter.
B. 
Obstructions at street intersections. At all street intersections no obstructions to vision such as a fence, wall, hedge, structure or planting over three feet in height shall be erected or installed and maintained on any lot within the triangle formed by the intersecting street lines or their projections where corners are rounded and a straight line joining said street lines at points which are 35 feet distant from their point of intersection measured along said street lines and/or projections.