Town of Mamakating, NY
Sullivan County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Off-street parking. In all districts, in connection with every manufacturing, business, institutional, recreational, residential or any other use, there shall be provided, at the time any building or structure is erected or is enlarged or increased in capacity, off-street parking spaces for vehicles in accordance with the requirements set forth herein.
B. 
Size and access.
(1) 
Each off-street parking space shall have an area of not less than 200 square feet, exclusive of access drives or aisles, and shall be of usable shape and condition. Where the Planning Board deems it appropriate, it may approve perpendicular parking stalls less than 200 square feet, but no stall shall be smaller than nine feet by 18 feet. Except in the case of dwellings, no parking area provided hereunder shall be established for fewer than three spaces.
(2) 
There shall be adequate provisions for ingress and egress to all parking spaces. Access to off-street parking areas shall be limited to several well-defined locations, and in no case shall there be permitted unrestricted access along the length of the street or alley upon which the parking area abuts.
C. 
Off-site facilities. All permitted and required accessory off-street parking spaces, open or enclosed, shall be located on the same lot as the use to which such spaces are accessory. Where the Planning Board makes a determination that safe and adequate parking may not be located on the same lot, it may approve off-site parking facilities, except that such spaces shall be provided within a radius of no greater distance than 250 feet from that lot as measured from property lines.
D. 
Number of parking spaces required. The number of off-street parking spaces required shall be as set forth in Table 1 below.
Table 1
Use
Required Parking Spaces
One- or two-family dwelling
2 per dwelling unit
Multifamily dwelling
1 per studio unit; 1.5 per 1-bedroom unit; 2 per 2-bedroom unit and larger; plus an additional 10% of the total required spaces for visitor parking
Bank; post office
1 per 100 sf gfa or 3 per teller, whichever is greater, plus an additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Bowling alley
3 per lane
Churches and schools
1 per 3.5 seats in an auditorium or 1 per 17 classroom seats, whichever is greater
Conference center; educational, research or interpretative center
1 per 4 seats in major assembly hall or meeting area, plus 1 per 4 seats in classroom facilities
Country clubs; golf courses
1 per 3 members
Day-care center; nursery school
1 per staff member, plus 1 per 300 sf gfa, plus an additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Distribution facility
2 per each 3 employees on major employment shift
Dude ranch
1.25 per room or rental unit, in addition to required parking for the residential use
Gas station
1 per 100 sf gfa, plus an additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Health club or spa; indoor commercial recreational facility; indoor skating rink
1 per 200 sf gfa, plus an additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Hotels; motels
1.25 per room or rental unit
Home occupation; professional office
2 in addition to the required parking for the residential use
Kennel; animal hospital
1.25 per employee or 1 for each 200 sf gfa, whichever is greater, plus an additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Manufacturing, light industry
1 per 500 sf gfa
Membership club; lodge
1 per 5 members or 1 per 4 seats in the major assembly hall or meeting area or per 200 sf gfa, whichever is greater, plus an additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Office buildings, other medical and dental
1 per 300 sf gfa, plus an than additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Medical and dental offices
1 per 200 sf gfa, plus an additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Motor vehicle sales
1 per 200 sf gfa of sales area
Movie theater; music hall; indoor entertainment
1 per 3 seats or 1 per 75 sf gfa, whichever is greater, plus an additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Museum; art gallery; library; artisan studio
1 per 300 sf gfa, plus an additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Nursery; greenhouse; sale of agricultural products
1 per 200 sf gfa
Residential model home; sales office
6 for the first sales building and model home, plus 3 per each additional sales building or model home
Resort; country inn
1.25 per room or rental unit, plus required parking for accessory recreational, conference center, etc.
Restaurant, tavern, bar or deli
1 per 3 seats, or 1 per 75 sf gfa, whichever is greater, plus an additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Retail sales; service, commercial
1 per 200 sf gfa, plus an additional 5 for buildings of 5,000 sf gfa or less
Wholesale; storage; warehouse
1 per 1,000 sf gfa or 2 per each 3 employees on the largest shift, whichever is greater
Quick service or fast-food establishment
1 per 50 sf gfa
All other uses not specifically listed
As required by the Planning Board
Note:
gfa: gross floor area
sf: square feet
E. 
Off-street loading. In any district, in connection with every building or building group or part thereof hereafter erected and having a gross floor area of 10,000 square feet or more which is to be occupied by manufacturing or commercial uses or distribution by vehicles of material or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained, on the same zone lot with such building, off-street loading berths in accordance with the requirement of Table 2 following.
Table 2
Use
Floor Area
(square feet)
Number of Loading Berths
Schools
15,000 or more
1
Hotels and offices
From 10,000 or more
1
Retail, commercial whole- sale, manufacturing storage and miscellaneous
From 10,000 to 25,000
From 25,001 to 40,000
From 40,001 to 60,000
From 60,001 to 100,000
Each additional 50,000 or portion thereof
1
2
3
4
1 additional
F. 
Joint facilities for parking or loading. Off-street parking and loading facilities for separate uses may be provided jointly if the total number of spaces so provided is not less than the sum of the separate requirements for each use and provided that all regulations governing the location of accessory spaces in relation to the use served are adhered to. Further, no accessory space or portion thereof shall serve as a required space for more than one use unless otherwise approved by the Planning Board, taking into consideration the following:
(1) 
Said total capacity of the common facility will meet the intent of these requirements by reason of variations in the probable time of maximum use by residents, visitors, patrons, and employees among such uses. However, reserved parking areas shall be provided, indicating the availability of land to fulfill the requirements for each individual use in the event these variations may change.
(2) 
As a condition of the approval of the joint use, the Zoning Board of Appeals shall require a legal instrument satisfactory to the Zoning Board of Appeals and the Town Attorney assuring the continued existence and use of said parking spaces in connection with the uses and structures that they serve. Such instrument shall also guarantee that, upon termination of the use, each individual participant will provide off-street parking and loading spaces for its own use in accordance with the requirements of this chapter. Such legal instrument shall be recorded in the office of the County Clerk of Sullivan County.
The intent of this section is to allow some flexibility in the timing of the provision of parking, where the Planning Board has determined that there is some uncertainty as to the parking demand for a particular use, and that the immediate provision of parking would require the significant alteration of natural topography or disturbance to wooded sites. Where the Planning Board determines that the immediate use of any property may not require the full initial improvement of all off-street parking or loading facilities, the Planning Board may waive the initial improvement of not more than 50% of the required number of spaces, provided that the total number of parking spaces is shown on the approved plan. The area shall be reserved for future use. The Planning Board may require that said area be graded for parking in accordance with the approved plan. All such reserve lands, if graded, shall be landscaped in accordance with the approved landscaping plan until the reserved spaces may be required to be improved. Reserved spaces shall be improved within six months of the date of a written notice from the Planning Board that such spaces have been determined to be necessary. Appropriate written guaranties to the above shall be provided by the owner and approved by the Town Attorney. The Planning Board may require that a performance guaranty or other surety be posted to ensure the completion of said reserve parking, if so required.
The purpose of this section is to ensure that large expanses of paved surfaces are landscaped to provide visual relief. In addition to the provisions of § 199-41, off-street parking areas accessory to multifamily dwellings and nonresidential uses shall be suitably landscaped. All off-street parking areas, including all paved areas for off-street parking, drives, aisles, standing zones and other vehicular use areas, shall have a minimum landscape area of 20% of the parking area. Landscaping shall be placed at parking entryways and at parking end islands and shall help to define vehicular access and pedestrian movement. Landscaping shall consist of a mix of grass, vegetative ground cover, shrubs, trees and other landscaping materials. Where necessary, landscaping shall be protected from vehicular encroachment by raised curbing.
The maximum gradient of parking areas serving five or more vehicles shall not exceed 5%. The maximum gradient of driveways serving a single-family or two-family residence shall not exceed 14%. A driveway serving a use other than a single-family or a two-family residence shall have a platform with a gradient not exceeding 3% within 25 feet of the right-of-way line of the street on which the driveway provides access.