[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Manlius 3-24-1981 as L.L. No. 3-1981. Amendments noted where applicable.]
It shall be the responsibility of the owner of all new and existing buildings located within the Village of Manlius which have facilities for two or more occupied dwelling units or commercial establishments having facilities for the overnight occupancy by three or more persons, such as, but not limited to, motels, hotels, nursing homes and rooming houses, to install smoke detectors in each such dwelling unit or accommodation as hereinafter provided. Said smoke detectors shall be capable of sensing visible or invisible particles of combustion and providing a suitable audible alarm thereof; further, they shall be installed by December 31, 1981, in the manner hereinafter provided, unless any other provision of county, state or federal law shall require installation before that date. Failure to install smoke detectors as and where required by said date will subject the property owner to the penalties set forth hereafter.
At least one smoke detector shall be installed to protect each sleeping area. A "sleeping area" is defined as the area or areas of the family living unit in which the bedrooms, or sleeping rooms, are located. Where bedrooms or rooms ordinarily used for sleeping are separated by other-use areas, such as kitchens or living rooms, but not bathrooms or closets, they shall be considered as "separate sleeping areas" for the purposes of this section. In commercial establishments, each separate room used as a sleeping area shall be considered a "separate sleeping area."
At least one smoke detector shall be installed at the head (top) of each stairway or in the hallway leading up to an occupied area in such a manner as to assure that rising smoke is not obstructed in reaching the detector and that the detector intercepts rising smoke before it reaches the sleeping area.
As an alternative to self-contained smoke detectors, an approved fire-detection system may be installed. Each fire-detection system must be individually approved and a permit issued therefor by the Village Building Inspector.
All devices, combinations of devices and equipment required herein are to be installed in conformance with the New York State Building Code and this chapter, and approved by the Underwriters Laboratories or Factory Mutual Testing Laboratory for the purposes for which they are intended. Such approval shall be permanent unless the Village Board subsequently finds that the equipment is hazardous or unreliable, in which case, the Board may suspend or revoke approval. The Village Building Inspector may, in any such case, determine whether replacement of existing installation shall be required.
In new residential dwellings, smoke detectors shall be wired directly (hard-wired) to the building's power supply. In existing dwellings within multifamily dwellings of 10 units or more, the detectors shall meet the multifamily building power source requirements of state law or, in the absence of state law, the requirements hereunder covering other existing dwellings. In other existing dwellings, it is preferred that smoke detectors be wired directly to the power supply; however, said detectors may be operated on a plug-in outlet which is fitted with a plug-restrainer device, provided that the outlet is not controlled by any switch other than the main power supply.
Every detector or system installed or maintained under this chapter, shall have an adequate power source for proper operation, and lack of same shall constitute a violation of this chapter.
No smoke detector or alternative system shall be directly connected (permanently wired) to the electrical system of the structure unless an electrical permit shall first have been obtained from the New York Board of Fire Underwriters.
This chapter is intended to be used with and supplemented by the applicable provisions of the Fire Prevention Code of the State of New York; however, if there shall be any conflict between this chapter and said code, this chapter and any rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto shall prevail.