[Added 6-27-1978 by Ord. No. 1328-78; amended 3-6-1979 by Ord. No. 1338-79; 5-11-1982 by Ord. No. 1415-82; 8-16-1983 by Ord. No. 1445-83; 2-11-1986 by Ord. No. 1495-86; 4-4-1989 by Ord. No. 1582-89; 7-25-1989 by Ord. No. 1593-89; 4-12-1994 by Ord. No. 1735-94; 12-19-1995 by Ord. No. 1781-95 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
In any Historic Preservation District or historic site, regulations of this article shall apply.
The purposes of this article are to:
Promote the general welfare by preserving the heritage of the City of Woodbury through the protection of certain neighborhoods and site elements which exemplify its social, cultural, political, economic and architectural history.
Stabilize neighborhood communities and improve property values.
Foster civic beauty and neighborhood pride.
Promote the use of historic sites for the education, welfare and pleasure of all citizens of the City.
Afford the City government, qualified organizations, historical societies and interested persons the opportunity to acquire and arrange for the protection of historic sites.
Ensure that all replacement or new structures, or modifications to structures and sites, will harmonize in scale and spirit with the existing district environment.
Encourage the proper maintenance and preservation of historic settings and landscapes.
Spur beautification and private reinvestment.
Encourage the continued use of historic resources and facilitate their appropriate reuse.
Safeguard the heritage of the City of Woodbury by preserving resources within the City which reflect elements of its cultural, social, economic and architectural history.
As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- CERTIFICATE OF APPROPRIATENESS
- A document embodying a simple statement that the contemplated modification to any historic site is in conformity with the purposes of this article.
- EMERGENCY REPAIRS
- Shall consist only of those immediate remedial actions undertaken to alleviate the results of accidental damage or destruction to private property where time will not permit the owner to obtain a certificate of appropriateness and a building permit prior to their undertaking.
- EXTERIOR FEATURES
- The general arrangement of the exterior of any historic or other district site, including but not limited to architectural style, design, color, texture and form of windows, walls, roofs, lighting fixtures, fences, pavements, signs, and other street furniture and landscaping features, natural and man-made, including trees, shrubbery and gardens, visible from a public street, place or way.
- HISTORIC PRESERVATION DISTRICT
- A contiguous area of the City largely composed of a number of historically significant elements. In addition thereto, specific historic sites outside the physical boundaries of the Historic Preservation District shall be considered part of the Historic Preservation District.
- HISTORIC SITE
- Any arrangement of elements, man-made or natural, on the land or any structure or building or location or portion thereof of particular historic or aesthetic significance to the City of Woodbury, to Gloucester County, to the State of New Jersey or to the nation. Historic sites include buildings, structures or places where some element of historical interest is reflected, found or exemplified, or which are identified with historic personages or important events, or which embody the distinguishing characteristics of an architectural specimen, inherently valuable as a representation of a period, style or method of a designer or architect whose individuality influenced the age.
- MINOR ALTERATIONS or REPLACEMENTS
- Includes the following activities:
- (1) Installation of signs which comply with zoning requirements pertaining to size, location and mounting.
- (2) Repainting involving a change in color.
- (3) Installation of storm windows or the replacement of window sash, exterior doors or shutters.
- (4) Installation of gutters and downspouts which do not affect architectural details.
- (5) Repair or restoration of architectural details.
- (6) Replacement of sidewalks, fences, porches or gates.
- (7) Replacement of roofing material.
- (8) Changes in or additions to landscaping.
- ORDINARY REPAIRS
- Any construction activity which will not modify any exterior feature and which will be consistent with the purposes of this article. Ordinary repairs shall not include the demolition of any exterior wall or portion thereof, the modification or removal of any structural element, the modification or removal of any required exitway or means of egress, the modification of any element affecting fire safety or any activity which will increase the nonconformity with New Jersey Uniform Construction Code requirements of any existing structure. Repainting with the same color shall be considered an ordinary repair.
For the purposes of this article, the terms "Historic Preservation District" and "historic site" shall be synonymous unless otherwise specified herein.
There are established as Historic Preservation Districts the following described areas:
All those lots or parcels of land lying within the following bounds: north of the rear property lines of those lots fronting on the southerly side of Aberdeen Place; east of the easterly side line of South Broad Street and North Broad Street; south of the southerly side line of Hunter Street and west of the Conrail right-of-way and west of Railroad Avenue.
All those lots and parcels of land which face or adjoin the westerly side lines of both South Broad Street and North Broad Street between the northerly side line of Penn Street and the southerly high-water line of the Woodbury Creek.
All those lots and parcels of land which face or adjoin the easterly side line of South Broad Street between the northerly side line of Carpenter Street and the southerly side line of Aberdeen Place.
All those lots and parcels of land which face or adjoin the easterly side line of North Broad Street between the northerly side line of Hunter Street and the lands of the Woodbury Lake System.
All those lots and parcels of land which face or adjoin the northerly and southerly side lines of Hunter Street between the easterly side line of North Broad Street and the high-water line of the Woodbury Lake System.
All those lots and parcels of land which face or adjoin the northerly and southerly side lines of Hunter Street between the westerly side line of South Broad Street and the easterly side line of South Jackson Street.
All those lots and parcels of land which face or adjoin Delaware Street and Cooper Street.
All those lots and parcels of land which face or adjoin Green Avenue from Cooper Street to its intersection with East Barber Avenue.
The following sites are designated as historical sites:
33 Delaware Street, Block 78, Lots 8 and 9, and commonly known as "Woodbury City Hall and Woodbury Public Library."
120 North Broad Street, Block 121, Lot 4, commonly known as the "Friends Meeting House."
Northwest corner, North Broad Street and Delaware Street, known as the "Old Gloucester County Court House," being further described as the easterly portion of Lot 11, Block 83, Plate 19, of the Tax Map of the City of Woodbury.
Old West End School, bounded by Glover Street, Logan Street and Morris Street, being known as "Lot 14, Block 57, Plate 14, of the Tax Map of the City of Woodbury."
Unless a proposed action to erect, alter, restore, move or demolish any portion of any building or structure visible from a public street is clearly outside the spirit and intent of the purposes of this article, It shall be approved by the Planning Board. Further, ordinary repairs are excluded from the provisions of this article so long as they do not affect the exterior features of any building or structure, as viewed from a public street, in a manner inconsistent with the purposes of this article. Interior arrangements are not to be considered.
No exterior feature, as defined above, of any building or other structure shall be erected, altered, restored, moved or demolished within the Historic Preservation District until after a certificate of appropriateness has been issued by the Planning Board. In those cases where a building permit is required, no such permit shall be issued until a certificate of appropriateness has been issued by the Planning Board.
Application for a certificate of appropriateness to construct, alter, repair, move or demolish any structure within the Historic Preservation District shall be made to the City's Construction Code Official who shall forward such application to the Historic Preservation Commission and to the Woodbury Planning Board. The Historic Preservation Commission shall provide recommendations to the Planning Board within 30 days of the application filing date.
When applications for certificates of appropriateness which involve solely minor exterior alterations or replacements, as defined, are reviewed and approved without condition by a quorum of at least three members of the Historic Preservation Commission, the Construction Code Official shall issue a permit for such minor exterior alterations or replacements prior to Planning Board approval. The Planning Board shall memorialize the approval of such application at its next regularly scheduled meeting. In the event that such approval is not granted, the applicant shall have the right of appeal to the Planning Board at its next regularly scheduled meeting.
The Planning Board shall consider only external features subject to public view from a public street, place or way and shall not disapprove applications under this article except when necessary to prevent construction, alteration, restoration, moving or demolition which would clearly be inconsistent with the purposes of this article.
The applicant shall be afforded an opportunity to appear before the Planning Board to present any evidence concerning the proposed action.
The Planning Board, after reviewing the recommendations of the Historic Preservation Commission and hearing any evidence offered by the applicant, shall, within 45 days of the application date, determine that:
A determination by the Planning Board that the actions proposed by the applicant within the Historic Preservation District or to a property designated on the Woodbury Register of Historic Sites are consistent with the purposes and intent of this article shall require the Planning Board to issue a certificate of appropriateness.
A report of the action of the Planning Board shall be made to the Zoning Official of the City of Woodbury.
In reviewing the application for a certificate of appropriateness the Historic Preservation Commission and/or the Planning Board shall give consideration to:
The historical or architectural value of and significance of the structure and its relationship to the historic value of the surrounding area.
The general compatibility of exterior design, arrangement and materials proposed to be used.
Any other factor, including aesthetic, which it deems pertinent.
The intent that alterations or repairs of structures be made in the spirit of their architectural style and that any additions be made in such a manner as not to detract from a building's original appearance.
The guidelines as set out by the New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, Division of Local Government Services, Local Planning Assistance Unit, entitled "A Citizen's Guide to Creating Historic Districts," and any additions and amendments thereto.
Architectural integrity and the historical character of Woodbury should be maintained. Architectural review and approval of building elevations shall include the following:
The general capability of the exterior design, arrangement and materials proposed to be used and any other factor, including aesthetics, which it deems pertinent.
Where appropriate, the historic or architectural significance of the structure and its relationship to the historic value of the surrounding area.
Architectural review within the City of Woodbury historic district shall be responsive to the architectural character of the area, using the following standards as guidelines for new construction:
The proposed buildings shall be aesthetically pleasing and compatible with the historic structures within 300 feet of the subject site in both directions.
The materials selected for buildings within the historic district shall be material used during the period or contemporary facsimile, provided the visual appearance is substantially equivalent, as determined by the Historic Preservation Commission and/or the Planning Board.
Where appropriate, one of the styles suggested in the Table of Architectural Guidelines shall be employed. The characteristics are proposed as a guideline. Additional architectural styles of a similar nature will be considered by the Commission and/or Board.
Editor's Note: The Table of Architectural Guidelines is included at the end of this chapter.
Consideration shall be given to detrimental impact and the financial condition of the applicant affected by the application of historic preservation standards and promoting less expensive alternatives when undertaking an alteration, improvement, rehabilitation or restoration of a structure.
The Commission shall be guided for further details by the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Historic Preservation Projects, prepared by the Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation, United States Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C., and as amended from time to time.
Applications to demolish or improve historic landmarks.
In regard to an application to demolish an historic landmark or any improvement within an historic preservation district, the following matters shall be considered:
Its historic, architectural, cultural or scenic significance in relation to the criteria established in this section.
If it is within an historic district, its significance to the district as a key, contributing or noncontributing structure and the probable impact of its removal on the district.
Its structural condition and the economic feasibility of alternatives to the proposal. A prolonged lack of maintenance shall not facilitate the demolition of historic buildings.
Its importance to the City and the extent to which its historical or architectural value is such that its removal would be detrimental to the public interest.
The extent to which it is of such old, unusual or uncommon design, craftsmanship, texture or material that it could not be reproduced or could be reproduced only with great difficulty and expense.
The extent to which its retention would promote the general welfare by maintaining and increasing the real estate values, generating business, creating new jobs, attracting tourists, attracting new residents, encouraging study and interest in both American history and the history of Woodbury, stimulating interest and study in architecture and design, educating citizens in American culture and heritage or making the City a more attractive and desirable place in which to live and work.
Upon receipt of an application to demolish or raze a building or structure in the Historic Preservation District, if, for reasons it shall state in a written opinion, the Commission determines that the building or structure is of historical significance, the Commission shall seek alternatives to demolition and include those alternatives in its recommendation to the Board.
In the event the Board determines there are historically significant features and there appears to be no alternative to demolition, the applicant shall cooperate with the Board in permitting these features to be removed for preservation before the building or structure is demolished. The applicant shall provide photographic documentation of the structure and a site plan locating the structure on the site.
A certificate shall be valid for two years from the date of issuance and thereafter shall be void unless extended as follows: Prior to the date of expiration of the certificate of appropriateness, the recipient of a certificate may apply for an extension of time of a period not exceeding one year. Applications for extensions shall be limited to two years.
The Planning Board shall ensure that alterations, restorations, additions and demolitions to the historic sites outside the Historic Preservation District, as adopted, shall be made in a manner consistent with the purposes and procedures of this article; provided, further, that such changes shall be made in the scale and spirit of the environment of the historic site.
It is further the intent of this article that the Planning Board shall, in its review of plans for new construction, alterations, restoration or demolition of properties within 200 feet of any Historic Preservation District boundary or any historic site boundary, ensure that such actions are consistent with the purposes of this article. However, such additional requirements shall only be considered in general terms and judged with leniency, so long as such action will not detract from the character of the Historic Preservation District or historic site. Such actions shall not be contingent upon the issuance of a certificate of appropriateness. The Planning Board may also refer to the Historic Preservation Commission for review and recommendation any site or development plans for premises which are near enough to an historic preservation district or historic site to have an effect thereon.
Nothing in this article shall be construed to prohibit emergency repairs pending an application for a certificate of appropriateness. Application for a certificate of appropriateness must be made within 30 days of the commencement of any emergency repairs for which a certificate is required, and such application shall therein indicate the character of proposed permanent repairs, alterations or replacement and a proposed timetable for their execution.
The uses permitted in the underlying zoning district are permitted in the Historic Preservation District.
The Historic Preservation Commission shall from time to time prepare a recommended boundary of the Historic Preservation District and a list of proposed historic sites outside the District. It shall transmit said boundaries and list to the Planning Board. The Planning Board shall review the recommended Historic Preservation District boundary and proposed historic sites for consistency with the City Master Plan. The Planning Board thereafter shall consider such recommended districts and sites and, where it deems appropriate, recommend the same for inclusion as historic preservation districts or historic sites to the Mayor and City Council.
The City Council may then take appropriate action to include the Historic Preservation District as a part of the City of Woodbury Zoning Map and prescribe the boundaries thereof. There shall also be prepared a register of historic sites which shall become a part of the Master Plan.
In the event that the Planning Board refuses to issue a certificate of appropriateness, then the applicant may appeal on the record to the City Council. The City Council shall, within 30 days, hold a public hearing and shall notify the applicant and the Planning Board of the time and place of such hearing.