City of Woodbury, NJ
Gloucester County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 12-26-1978 by Ord. No. 1337-78; 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
A. 
Any lawful nonconforming use or structure existing at the time of the passage of this chapter may be continued upon the lot or in the structure so occupied, and any such structure may be restored or repaired in the event of partial destruction thereof. The nonconforming use of a conforming or a nonconforming structure shall not be expanded, increased or enlarged. A nonconforming structure designed, arranged or devoted to a nonconforming use shall not be structurally enlarged unless the structure is changed to a conforming structure, and provided that the nonconforming use thereof is neither expanded, increased or enlarged. A nonconforming structure which complies with the use requirements of this chapter and is nonconforming because of height, area or yard regulations may be enlarged, provided that the height, area or yard regulations are not further violated.
B. 
A nonconforming use may be expanded or relocated within a building or on its existing lot, provided that the expansion or relocation is in conformity with the area, height and bulk regulations of the zone, the parking requirements of the Code and all other applicable provisions of this chapter, and that the Planning Board grants special exception approval of the expansion or relocation. The applicant shall present evidence to the Board that the following impact factors have been satisfactorily addressed so that the health, safety and welfare of the neighborhood will be protected: hours of operation; outdoor storage of refuse, equipment or materials; noise, odors, light glare and vibrations; off-street parking and loading areas; traffic generation; proposed structural alterations, including impact on historically significant structures; and compatibility with the immediate neighborhood and the district.
C. 
Where an existing nonconforming single-family dwelling exists in a district that does not permit such a dwelling, expansion of a single-family detached, semidetached or attached dwelling may occur, provided that the minimum yards, maximum building height and maximum percentage of lot coverage is in accordance with the respective requirements of the district in which it is located.
D. 
The Planning Board may by special exception permit the change from one nonconforming use to another nonconforming use, provided that all conditions required for the use where it is permitted are met and the Planning Board determines that the proposed nonconforming use is not more detrimental to the immediate neighborhood and the district than the existing nonconforming use. The applicant shall present evidence to the Planning Board that the impact factors have been satisfactorily addressed.
E. 
Replacement of a nonconforming use by a permitted use. If a nonconforming use is replaced by a permitted use, a nonconforming use may not thereafter be resumed.
F. 
Discontinuance of a nonconforming use. When a nonconforming use is discontinued for 12 consecutive months (except when government action impedes access to the premises), only uses permitted in conformity with the regulations of the district will be permitted, unless the Planning Board, by special exception, approves an extension of the twelve-month period.
G. 
Continuation of nonconforming structures. Where a nonconforming structure exists at the effective date of this chapter or amendment thereto that could not be built or erected under the terms of this chapter by reason of restrictions on lot area, lot coverage, height, yards, its locution on the lot or other requirements concerning the structure, such structure may continue to exist as long as it remains otherwise lawful, subject to the following provisions.
(1) 
No such nonconforming structure may be physically enlarged or altered in a way which increases its volume or nonconformity, but any structure or portion thereof may be altered to decrease its nonconformity.
(2) 
A nonconforming structure that has been destroyed by fire, windstorm or other causes deemed to be no fault of the owner may be reconstructed in accordance with the current zoning provisions by right, or by special exception, may be rebuilt to the size of the destroyed structure, provided that the reconstructed structure does not exceed the height, area or volume of the destroyed structure. In the case of flood, structures destroyed or damaged in excess of 50% of their replacement value may be reconstructed as stipulated above, provided that said structures are evaluated or floodproofed in accordance with applicable codes and ordinances of the City. A City building permit for replacement structure must be obtained within one year from the date of destruction or the nonconforming structure shall not be restored except in conformity with this section.
(3) 
Should such structure or part thereof be moved for any reason for any distance whatever, it shall thereafter conform to the regulations for the district in which it is located after it is moved.
H. 
Repairs and maintenance. On any nonconforming structure or structure containing a nonconforming use, repairs or replacement of structural components, fixtures, wiring or plumbing or improvements to increase safety or comply with municipal, state and/or federal code requirements shall be permitted, provided that no increase in volume of the structure or change of location occurs.
[Amended 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
A. 
Where, by reason of exceptional narrowness, shallowness or shape of a specific lot held in single and separate ownership at the effective date of this chapter, or by reason of exceptional topographic conditions or other extraordinary and exceptional situation or condition of such lot, the strict application of any regulation of this chapter would result in peculiar or exceptional practical difficulties to, or exceptional and undue hardship upon, the owner of such lot, the Board of Adjustment shall have the power to authorize, upon an appeal relating to such lot, a variance from the strict application so as to relieve such difficulties or hardships, provided that such relief may be granted without substantial detriment to the public good and without substantially impairing the intent and purpose of this chapter.
B. 
Whenever title to two or more contiguous lots is held by the same owner, regardless of whether or not each of said lots may have been approved as portions of a subdivision or acquired by separate conveyance or by other operation of law, and one or more of said individual lots should, by reason of exceptional shallowness, topographical conditions, substandard area or yard space or similar measurements, not conform with the minimum lot area and/or dimension requirements for the zone in which it is located, the contiguous lots, when combined, meets or exceeds the minimum required lot areas and dimensions, combination of contiguous lots to comply with the minimum lot size, area and dimensions shall be permitted, provided that no nonconforming lot or lots remain.
C. 
Any existing lot on which a building or structure is located and which lot does not meet the minimum lot size or dimensional requirements for the zone in which it is located or which building violates one or more yard requirements, may have additions to the principal building and/or construction of a new accessory building without an appeal for variance relief, provided that:
(1) 
The existing use(s) on the lot are conforming to the permitted use(s) stipulated in this chapter for the lot in question.
(2) 
The total permitted building and impervious coverage for the zone in which the lot is located is not exceeded.
(3) 
The accessory building and/or addition does not violate any other requirements of this chapter, such as, but not limited to, height, setback and parking.
(4) 
No additional violation(s) or extension or enlargement of any existing violation(s) are proposed, such as, but not limited to, yards, building height and parking.
This chapter shall not apply to existing property or to buildings or structures used or to be used by public utilities in furnishing service if, upon a petition of the public utility, the Board of Public Utility Commissioners shall, after a hearing, of which the City Council of the City of Woodbury shall have notice, decide that the present or proposed situation of the building or structure in question is reasonably necessary for the service, convenience or welfare of the public.
[Amended 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
No lot area on which a building is located, whether erected before or after the effective date of this chapter, shall be reduced in area nor the boundaries thereof changed so that the premises thereafter would not comply with the area restrictions and regulations established by this chapter.
On any corner lot no wall, fence or other structure shall be erected or altered and no hedge, tree, shrub or other growth shall be maintained which may cause danger to traffic on a street or public road by obscuring the view.
[Amended 2-1-1994 by Ord. No. 1730-94; 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
No building may be erected, altered or used and no lot or premises may be used for any trade, industry or business that is noxious or offensive by reason of odor, dust, smoke, gas, vibration, illumination or noise or that constitutes a public hazard, whether by fire, explosion or otherwise. Trailer camps, tourist cabin courts or automobile courts and automobile wrecking, billboards, conversion of hotels or motels into multifamily dwelling units, dumping or storage of waste or scrap material uses, including dumps and the storage of hazardous materials, ammunition, explosives and fireworks but does not include compost piles or bins, and the use of a building or structure of a temporary nature on any lot or parcel of land for living or sleeping purposes in any district on either a temporary or permanent basis except for the temporary use of a tent erected in the backyard on a residential lot for the use of family members and guests shall not be permitted in any district. Livestock is expressly prohibited from any residential district.
[Amended 5-16-1978 by Ord. No. 1324-78; 12-26-1978 by Ord. No. 1337-78; 6-27-1989 by Ord. No. 1592-89; 3-19-1991 by Ord. No. 1646-91; 7-1-1991 by Ord. No. 1648-91; 2-15-1994 by Ord. No. 1731-94; 12-2-1997 by Ord. No. 1839-97; 8-25-1998 by Ord. No. 1859-98; 11-28-2005 by Ord. No. 2015-05; 12-27-2006 by Ord. No. 2044-06; 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
A. 
Number of parking spaces required.
(1) 
Unless otherwise noted, the calculation of the required number of parking spaces shall be based upon the gross square footage of the floor area of the use. Where a permitted use of land contains more than one parking use category, the parking requirement shall be the sum of the individual uses computed separately in accordance with this section.
(2) 
In the case of the proposed reuse of an existing building by a new use or in any other case where any of the following parking space requirements are clearly demonstrated through evidence submitted by an applicant to be infeasible or unreasonable in the particular circumstance, the Planning Board may authorize as a conditional use the modification of any such requirement. In no case, however, shall the number of parking spaces required be reduced to less than the minimum number determined to provide necessary parking.
(a) 
Single-family detached or semidetached dwelling: two spaces per unit.
(b) 
Apartment or other multifamily dwellings: 1.5 spaces per unit.
(c) 
Senior citizen housing: one space per unit.
(d) 
Hotel, motel or tourist home: 1.3 spaces per room.
(e) 
Theater, auditorium, house of worship or other place of public assembly: one space for every four seats. Where individual seats are not provided, every 24 inches of bench or pew shall be considered one seat.
(f) 
Business, administrative, government or professional offices, but not to include medical, retail or banking uses: one space for every 230 square feet.
(g) 
Medical or dental clinic or office or outpatient medical services: one space for every 230 square feet.
(h) 
Hospitals, convalescent or nursing home: one space for every two beds, plus one space for each residence unit associated with the facility.
(i) 
Retail sales, excluding furniture and carpet sales or similar uses: one space for every 230 square feet.
(j) 
Furniture and carpet sales or similar uses: one space for every 800 square feet.
(k) 
Gasoline service centers and automobile repair facilities, including those associated with retail tire stores and automobile, truck or similar dealerships: five spaces for the first lift, wheel alignment pit or other work station; four spaces for the second such station; and three for each additional work station.
(l) 
Industrial or manufacturing facilities: one space for every 800 square feet.
(m) 
Warehousing facilities: one space for every 2,000 square feet.
(n) 
Any other use not specifically stated herein: one space for every 230 square feet.
(3) 
No off-street parking shall be required for any restaurant located within the C-1 Zone in the downtown area located between the Woodbury Creek to the north and the C-2 Zone to the south.
B. 
Parking space location; community parking lots. In general, required off-street parking spaces shall be located on the same zoning lot as the building or use to which such spaces relate. Exceptions are as follows:
(1) 
In the case of any nonresidential use, the required space can be provided on a lot located within 500 feet of the nearest boundary of the lot on which the building or use to which the spaces relate is located, provided that such spaces shall be in the same ownership as or under lease by the owner of the use to which they relate; shall be subject to lease or rental restrictions adequate to ensure that the required number of spaces will be available throughout the life of such use; and shall be located in a district in which a parking lot or structure is permitted. The minimum term of such lease or rental shall be consistent with the probable duration of the proposed occupancy but not less than 20 years.
(2) 
The Planning Board, at the time of site plan review, may authorize as a conditional use the collective provision of off-street parking facilities for two or more buildings or uses and the use of an off-site community parking lot, a commercial parking lot or a lot owned or leased by the City, Parking Authority or hospital or similar quasi-public community facility to fulfill the required spaces for a professional or commercial office building or other commercial use. Such authorizations shall be subject to the following:
(a) 
The total number of the spaces required for the using buildings or uses collectively shall not be less than the sum of the requirements for the various uses computed separately, unless it is demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Planning Board that adequate space will be available because of turnover or the underuse of such lot because of varying periods of peak demands or other reasons.
(b) 
The Planning Board shall require a written agreement or contract satisfactory to the Solicitor between the owner of the use and the community parking facility or such other evidence to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Board that the required number of spaces will be continuously available throughout the life of the use it is proposed to serve.
(c) 
The provisions of this subsection shall apply only where the off-site facility is within 500 feet of the boundary of the lot of the generating use.
(d) 
The Board shall be guided by the standards for review included in § 202-81 hereof and may prescribe further standards or requirements with respect to the adequacy and layout of the parking facility as it may deem appropriate in carrying out the objectives of this section.
(3) 
If off-street parking requirements are not met as provided above, the applicant must:
(a) 
Obtain approval of a parking space variance subject to the provisions in this chapter; and
(b) 
If a variance is granted due to demonstrated hardship or other good and sufficient reasons, make a cash contribution to the City of Woodbury for such required parking space not provided in order to develop a program of constructing public parking lots, in an amount equal to the cost of providing the required number of off-site parking spaces, to be calculated by the City Engineer.
(c) 
Any monies which are paid to the City for parking spaces as described shall be a one-time credit against an assessment for parking spaces if they are included within the assessment.
(4) 
The Planning Board shall be authorized to permit the incorporation of transit stops as a means of satisfying the otherwise applicable off-street parking standards, provided the following conditions are met:
(a) 
The transit stop shall be designed to be a station or waiting area for transit rides, clearly identified as such, and open to the public at large;
(b) 
The transit stop shall be designed as an integral part of the development project, with direct access to the station or waiting area from the development site;
(c) 
The transit waiting area or platform shall be designed to accommodate passengers in a covered waiting area, with seating for a minimum of six persons, shall include internal lighting and may include other features which encourage the use of the facility, such as temperature control within the waiting area or the inclusion of food vendors;
(d) 
The maximum reduction in the number of parking spaces shall be no more than 20% of the total required spaces;
(e) 
The Planning Board shall request a report and recommendation from the City Engineer on the planning aspects and the potential impacts of the proposed reduction in parking though the provision of a transit facility; and
(f) 
The transit stop shall be maintained by the developer for the life of the development project.
C. 
Parking space specifications.
(1) 
Parking spaces and traffic flow directions shall be clearly marked and well maintained. Not more than 30% of the total spaces required can be designated and marked for compact automobiles, and the size of such parking spaces may be reduced to not less than 7 1/2 feet in width and 15 feet in length. The aisle space between rows of spaces for compact automobiles shall in no case be less than 18 feet.
(2) 
The required parking area shall be measured exclusive of interior driveways or maneuvering areas. Outdoor parking service for uses open to the public and the approaches thereto shall be paved according to City specifications and shall be graded, properly drainedand maintained in a good condition. In computing the number of parking spaces required, if the computation shall result in a fraction, a space shall be required for each such fractional amount.
(3) 
Dimensions.
(a) 
Parking spaces and access aisle dimensions shall be adequate to accommodate anticipated volumes, types of vehicles and vehicle turnover. Generally, off-street parking spaces and access aisles shall be dimensioned in accordance with the following schedule, with permitted waivers, as conditions warrant.
Angle of Parking Space
Access Aisle Width with Nine-Foot Parking Space
(feet)
90°
24
60°
20
45°
15
30°
12
Parallel
18
(b) 
Each parking space shall be a minimum of nine feet in width by 18 feet in length. Alternatively, parking spaces may be reduced to 16 feet in length where vehicles overhand landscaped areas or expanded pedestrian walkways by a minimum of two feet, subject to Board approval. With the exception of preexisting painted parking spaces, all new parking spaces shall be delineated using hairpin striping. Each hairpin stripe separating adjacent parking spaces shall include two parallel, four-inch-wide white traffic-painted stripes placed two feet apart straddling the imaginary line that defines each nine-foot-wide parking space. All parking areas shall be provided with permanent and durable curbing to assist in orderly parking and separate pedestrian walkways from vehicular traffic, unless alternative treatment is warranted and approved by the Board. If walkways or curbed landscaped areas are not provided adjacent to parking spaces, front wheel stops (staked, black rubber type only) or alternative treatment may be provided, subject to Board approval.
(4) 
Where appropriate to the use being served, spaces shall be reserved for the physically handicapped. Handicapped parking shall be provided in accordance with the standards of the U.S. Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board requirements pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act[1] and shall be subject to the review and approval of the City Construction Code Official.
[1]
Editor's Note: 42 U.S.C. § 12101 et seq.
(5) 
A parking space that abuts a fixed object, such as a wall or column, whether within a structure or not, shall have a minimum width of 10 feet.
(6) 
An off-street parking facility existing at the effective date of this chapter shall not subsequently be reduced to an amount less than required under this chapter for a similar new building or use. An off-street parking facility provided to comply with the provisions of this chapter shall not subsequently be reduced below the requirements of this chapter.
(7) 
Every parking lot shall be subject to the following buffer requirements: in the case of a parking lot which is accessory to a permitted use and which has facilities for five or more automobiles, any boundary or property line which abuts a residential district or a lot used for residential purposes shall be screened from the adjacent property by a buffer planting strip not less than five feet in width. Any buffer requirement of this section shall be subject to any more stringent requirement of the district in which such lot is located.
(8) 
Every parking lot for off-street parking shall be separated from the street or highway by a raised curb, planting strip, wall or other suitable barrier against unchanneled motor vehicle entrance or exit, except for necessary accessways or exits, and the layout of such lot or area shall not be such as to require vehicles to back onto a street.
(9) 
Parking spaces provided to serve hospital uses, professional offices and accessory uses in residence districts and parking spaces provided to serve nonconforming commercial or industrial uses in residence districts shall be located to the rear of the required front yard. Such parking spaces and all other permitted parking lots serving commercial uses, including those which adjoin or are located within residence districts, shall provide a buffer area of not less than 10 feet in width, which shall be appropriately landscaped with plantings, fence or wall not less than four feet in height to screen such lot from residential properties adjoining and directly opposite therefrom.
D. 
Parking in front yard areas. In any Residence, Professional Office, Commercial-1 or Historic Preservation District, parking lots and the storage or placement of any passenger motor vehicle, commercial motor vehicle, bus trailer, boat, motorcycle, motor scooter or other similar means of conveyance shall be prohibited from any front yard except as provided below for shopping centers. In the case of a building located farther back on a lot than the minimum required for the district, this prohibition shall extend from the building frontage to the street line. This restriction shall not apply to the parking or standing of automobiles on a paved driveway or paved parking area which extends from the curbline towards the rear of a residence building or to a garage or a circular drive with dual access where the lot frontage is 100 or more feet. Such paved area may not exceed nine feet in width, except for a two-way driveway servicing four or more units or a multiple-vehicle garage which may have a width of up to 20 feet. The prohibition of front yard parking shall not apply to shopping centers in the C-1 District with more than 20,000 square feet of leasable area and which are located outside of the Historic District. Any changes to conditions in existing parking lots shall be accompanied by aesthetic improvements such as landscaping, sidewalks, pavement marking for pedestrian crossings, street furniture, etc., aimed at reducing the visual impact of large parking areas and improving safety conditions for pedestrians.
E. 
Parking for a mixed-use residential structure in a PO District. In any mixed-use structure used in part for residential purposes as permitted conditionally in the PO Professional Office District, the off-street parking spaces required by this section for the residential use should be clearly reserved as such by means of signage and appropriate pavement markings.
F. 
Parking structures. Parking structures shall be permitted as accessory uses on a lot in the C-1 and C-2 Commercial and MH Medical-Hospital Districts, except that governmental bodies or authorities may provide for such structures as principal uses on a lot. Parking structures shall conform to the following requirements:
(1) 
Location. Parking structures shall be subject to the area, yard and setback requirements of the district in which they are located, except as modified by § 202-74F(2) of this chapter. No parking structure shall be located in the front or side yard of a lot in any district unless the ground floor is devoted to retail uses integrated into such structure to hide the utilitarian look of parking structures.
(2) 
Height limitations. Parking structures as accessory uses on a lot shall not exceed 75% of the height of the principal use to which they relate or seven levels of parking above grade, whichever is less. Parking structures as principal uses on a lot shall not exceed the height limitations for the district in which they are located.
(3) 
Location of driveways. Driveways providing means of ingress and egress to parking structures located in the Historic District shall not be permitted to intersect with Broad Street (New Jersey State Highway, Route 45). No driveway shall be permitted within 65 feet of a corner, measured from the intersection of the rights-of-way.
(4) 
Pedestrian walkways. Adequate pedestrian walkways shall be required from any parking structure to a public right-of-way. Any accessory parking structure that is separated from the principal building by a public or private right-of-way and which contains 300 parking spaces or more shall provide a pedestrian bridge or tunnel connecting the parking facility with the principal building.
(5) 
Landscape plan. Parking structures shall be landscaped in accordance with and to the same extent as the overall landscape plan for the principal use and building the parking structure shall serve. Consideration shall be given to the landscaping of the upper deck level(s) of the parking structure.
(6) 
Signage. Adequate signage shall be located within the parking structure sufficient to direct motorist to stairwells, elevators, parking and exits. Signs at exit points shall indicate the street name(s) to which the exit driveway(s) leads.
(7) 
Parking layout.
(a) 
Within an enclosed parking structure, the following aisle widths and parking space angles shall apply:
Angle of Parking Space
(degrees)
Minimum Aisle Width
(feet)
Greater than 45 to 60
18
Greater than 60 to 75
22
90
24
(b) 
Parking layouts using ninety-degree parking spaces shall be designed for two-way travel. Parking layouts using less than ninety-degree parking spaces shall be for one-way travel only, clearly marked and signed as such.
(c) 
Parking layouts with less than forty-five-degree parking spaces shall not be permitted.
(8) 
Parking stall size. The standard parking stall size shall be nine feet by 18 feet in parking structures.
(9) 
Lighting. The interior of parking structures shall be adequately lighted during both day and night times.
(10) 
Design guidelines. The following design guidelines shall apply to all parking structures, unless, after due consideration of plans, testimony or other evidence, the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment waives strict compliance with the requirements of this subsection in order to promote the purposes of this article and of flexibility in parking structure design.
(a) 
Access ramps to the different levels of parking shall be contained entirely within the parking structure and shall not be attached to various points on the outside of the facility.
(b) 
Parking structures shall be so designed as to minimize blank concrete facades through the use of innovative architectural detail. The design of the exterior of any accessory parking structure shall be compatible in materials, spacing of solids and voids and design of the principal structure to the extent that the parking facility is clearly identified with such principal structure.
(c) 
Utilize the architectural vocabulary of adjacent facades to minimize the inherent look of the parking structure and integrate the structure as part of the overall facade.
(d) 
Parking structure entrances shall be indicated through increased massing, increased detail, material change and/or signage and shall be clearly visible from the secondary streets.
(e) 
Structured parking layouts shall take into consideration pedestrian circulation and connections with adjacent building uses.
(f) 
Structured parking facades shall be articulated similar to, and colors shall coordinate with, the proposed principal building and/or adjacent buildings.
(g) 
Utilitarian and monotonous appearances of structured parking shall not be permitted. Structures shall have design treatments such as colonnades, arcades, awnings, landscaping, street furniture and other public amenities to create the appearance of an occupied building. Blank walls shall not be permitted.
(h) 
Parked cars shall be visually screened from adjacent buildings and the street, and such screening shall be in keeping with the rest of the building's architectural style and materials.
(i) 
Locating structured parking at the interior of a block, surrounded by liner buildings, is the preferred method.
(j) 
Vehicular access to structured parking shall be accessed from alleys, placed underground, placed in structures above the ground or located behind or to the side of a building. Always provide clear signage to direct the driver to the parking entrance.
(k) 
Parking structures with floor-to-ceiling heights of less than eight feet shall maintain a light reflectance of at least 75% on the ceiling surface.
(l) 
Stairwells and elevator shafts shall be designed such that activities may be observed within them from at least one vantage point on the outside of the parking structure or else continuous aural monitoring of such areas by security personnel shall be required.
(m) 
Parking spaces shall be delineated by a double striped line, said line being closed at the aisle end.
(n) 
A reasonably level area of driveway shall be maintained at each entrance and exit point of a parking structure for the purpose of fee collection, change counting by motorists and entering the flow of traffic.
(o) 
Photovoltaic panels (solar cells) shall be permitted on the roof of a parking structure.
G. 
Use of on-street parking spaces.
(1) 
On-street parking credit may be counted for spaces which do not actually front on the property for which they are to be considered as serving, provided they are located within 1,000 feet of the property for customer or client parking and 2,000 feet of the property for employee parking. The Planning Board may, in its discretion, elect to give such spaces on-street parking credit; deny any credit for such spaces; or give partial credit for such spaces, depending on the use of the property upon which they front and the uses of intervening properties located between the property seeking to apply the spaces toward its parking need and the spaces themselves.
(2) 
Creation and maintenance of public transportation options may be used in lieu of on-street parking needs where such a program is proposed and reviewed and approved by the Planning Board as to the short- and long-term viability for any such plan.
(3) 
The following guidelines shall be used to determine which on-street parking spaces an applicant may assume are available:
(a) 
Parking spaces located on a residential street shall not be included in the parking inventory for a nonresidential kind use.
(b) 
Spaces directly abutting the applicant's property are one-hundred-percent available to the applicant, unless parking regulations restrict parking during the time period when the spaces are needed to satisfy the applicant's peak parking demand.
(c) 
Spaces abutting a different nonresidential use shall not be counted unless that use has an offsetting peak parking demand or unless the owner of the use certifies that it has no need for the available parking spaces.
(d) 
Parking that abuts open space, wetlands or detention basins shall be considered available but must be shared with other nearby users. The applicant shall propose to the Planning Board the percentage for the parking for which credit will be taken and will explain to the Planning Board the methodology used in determining that percentage.
(e) 
Fifty percent of the on-street parking spaces that abut residential land uses on roads that are classified as mixed-use roads shall be considered available for nonresidential parking but must be shared with other nonresidential uses as discussed above.
Off-street loading and unloading space, with proper access from a street or alley, shall be provided on any lot on which a building for trade or business is hereafter erected or substantially altered.
No land shall hereafter be subdivided unless direct access is provided to every lot through an open space on the same lot. Such open space shall be not less than 25 feet in width and shall extend from the lot to a public street or to a private street, road or way.
[Amended 2-28-1995 by Ord. No. 1758-95; 4-26-2004 by Ord. No. 1972-04; 7-25-2006 by Ord. No. 2005-05; 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
A. 
A private garage or other accessory building which is not an integral structural part of the main building may be erected in the prescribed rear and/or side yards, provided that it shall be situated farther back from the street line than the rearmost portion of the main building and not less than five feet from any other property line, except that if erected on a corner lot, the accessory building shall be set back from the side street to comply with the setback line applying to the principal building for that side street.
B. 
Private garages and accessory buildings shall not be located in any required buffer areas, easements or drainageways, except for fences.
C. 
Any accessory building attached to a principal building is part of the principal building and shall adhere to the requirements for the principal building, regardless of the technique of connecting the principal and accessory building(s).
D. 
A private garage may have a maximum height of 25 feet and a maximum size of 650 square feet.
E. 
A private garage may house one commercial vehicle, owned and used by the owner or tenant of the premises.
F. 
Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the erection of a common or joint garage which is not an integral structural part of a main building on adjoining lots.
G. 
No construction permit shall be issued for the construction of a private garage or accessory building prior to the issuance of a construction permit for the construction of the principal building upon the same lot or premises.
[Amended 12-26-1978 by Ord. No. 1337-78; 6-27-1989 by Ord. No. 1592-89; 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
A. 
Historic Preservation Districts. The front yard of a proposed building shall be increased or decreased in depth to the alignment of existing buildings on each side of the proposed building. In the event that the front yards of buildings on either side of the proposed building are not of equal depth, the front yard with the lesser depth shall be the controlling one.
B. 
All other districts. The front yard of a proposed building may be decreased in depth to the alignment of existing buildings on each side of the proposed building. In the event that the front yards of buildings on either side of the proposed building are not of equal depth, the front yard with the lesser depth shall be the controlling one. In the event that the proposed building is adjacent to vacant lots on both sides, the front yard depth for the district shall be required. In no case shall a proposed building be located closer to the street than existing building setbacks on either side of the proposed building.
For the purpose of furnishing adequate light and air, every room used for residence purposes shall have one or more windows opening directly on a yard of the required width or on a street or other open public space or upon a court located on the same lot as the building.
[Amended 7-21-1981 by Ord. No. 1391-81]
The minimum ground floor area for any one-story dwelling hereafter constructed shall be not less than 750 square feet, and the minimum ground floor area for any dwelling hereafter constructed with more than one story shall be not less than 600 square feet. In case of conversion into multiple dwellings no dwelling shall have more than one dwelling unit, unless each such dwelling unit has at least 500 square feet of floor area.
[Amended 12-26-1978 by Ord. No. 1337-78]
In any instance where the Board of Adjustment, the Planning Board or City Council is required by this chapter to consider a request for use on a conditional use, special permit or variance basis, or when a change in this chapter or the Zoning Map is under consideration, the Board of Adjustment, Planning Board and/or City Council shall:
A. 
Give full consideration to the size, scope, extent and character of the use desired and assure itself that such request is consistent with the plan for future land use in Woodbury and with the spirit, purpose and intent of this chapter and the City Plan.
B. 
Consider the public interest in or the need for the proposed use or change and the suitability of the property for the use desired.
C. 
Take into consideration the character and type of development in the area surrounding the location for which the request is made and determine that the proposed use will be appropriate in the area and will not substantially injure or detract from the use of surrounding property or from the character of the neighborhood.
D. 
Determine that the proposed use will promote the harmonious and orderly development of the district in which it is located and that it will serve the best interests of the City, the convenience of the community (where applicable) and the public health, safety, morals and general welfare.
E. 
Consider the suitability of the proposed location of the use with respect to traffic and streets in the area and ensure that adequate access and off-street parking arrangements are provided in order to protect streets from undue congestion and hazard.
F. 
Impose such conditions, in addition to those required, as are necessary to ensure that the general purpose and intent of this chapter is complied with and that the use of the property adjacent to the area of the proposed use is adequately safeguarded, which conditions may relate to but are not limited to harmonious design of buildings, appearance, plantings and its maintenance as a sight or sound screen, landscaping, hours of operation, lighting, numbers of persons involved, allied activities, ventilation, noise, sanitation, safety, smoke and fume control and the minimizing of noxious, offensive or hazardous elements.
G. 
Consider variance appeals from the requirements of Chapter 174, Swimming Pools, Private, in the same manner as required for other variance requests, using as guidelines the location requirements as set out therein.
H. 
Consider, where appropriate, the site plan review requirements included in § 170-6, Site plan review, of the Code of the City of Woodbury.
I. 
Additional requirements for conditional uses. In addition to the other evaluative criteria in this section, the following criteria and regulations shall be required for conditional use evaluation and approval:
[Added 10-2-1990 by Ord. No. 1632-90]
(1) 
Site plan review. All conditional uses shall also be required to obtain site plan approval, unless the Planning Board shall grant a waiver pursuant to § 170-6B(13) of the Code of the City of Woodbury.
(2) 
Burden of proof. The applicant for a conditional use shall have the burden of proof in establishing that the criteria for so granting such use shall have been met. In all cases the applicant shall present sufficient and credible evidence to fully support the assertions made by the applicant.
(3) 
Effect of approval. After the granting of an approval for a conditional use, the applicant shall secure a building permit or, in the case where no building permit is required, a certificate of occupancy, within one year from the date of approval, otherwise, the conditional use approval shall be deemed null and void.
J. 
Recycling. Consideration shall be given to the provisions for implementing recycling in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 162, Solid Waste, of the Code of the City of Woodbury and the Recycling Element of the City Master Plan.
[Added 11-26-1991 by Ord. No. 1658-91]
[Added 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
A. 
Limitation. No merchandise, wares, goods, food, etc., are permitted to be sold or offered for sale on any sidewalk or sidewalk right-of-way or public thoroughfare or public highway or public property within the City of Woodbury, except as provided herein.
B. 
Exemption.
(1) 
From time to time, charitable festivals and other organized activities are conducted within the C-1 District of the City of Woodbury.
(2) 
Whenever the governing body of the City of Woodbury gives permission for such charitable festivals and/or other such organized activities to occur within the C1 District, the following restrictions shall apply:
(a) 
Charitable organizations and/or nonprofit organizations and (their agents, servants and/or employees are permitted to peddle, solicit, canvass and/or sell merchandise, etc., during such charitable festivals or such other organized activity upon the public sidewalks and other public property as long as a safe, continuous, unobstructed path of a minimum of four feet is maintained on the sidewalk;
(b) 
The various shops and stores with the C-1 District may display their merchandise on the sidewalk directly in front of their stores or shops and may make sales from such locations during charitable festivals or other organized activity;
(c) 
No other peddler, solicitor, canvasser, person and/or entity shall be permitted to peddle, solicit, canvass, sell or offer for sale any merchandise during such charitable festival or other organized activity.
(3) 
A "charitable festival" or "organized charitable activity" is defined as one or more nonprofit organizations and/or nonprofit entities conducting an organized endeavor wherein merchandise may be sold, entertainment may be provided, celebration may be conducted, etc., all for the purpose of raising monies for charitable purposes.
C. 
Exception of certain groups. The following groups and individuals acting on behalf of such groups are exempt from the above:
(1) 
Political group: a nonprofit association of persons sponsoring or advocating certain ideas of government or maintaining certain political principles or beliefs in public policies of government or advocating the candidacy of any individual for elective office;
(2) 
Religious group: a nonprofit association of persons associated for the purpose of maintaining, advocating and/or espousing certain religious principles and beliefs;
(3) 
Charitable group: a nonprofit association of persons that freely and voluntarily administers to the needs of those persons unable to help themselves and generally associated to serve the public good and welfare without profit;
(4) 
Civic group: a nonprofit association of persons engaged in promoting the common good and general welfare of the residents of the City. Such definition shall include but not be limited to school groups, benevolent societies and service clubs engaged in nonprofit activities.
D. 
Displays of certain merchandise and ornamental plantings.
(1) 
The purpose of this subsection is to permit certain decorative displays of merchandise and plantings in front of stores within the C-1 District to assist the merchants to market their merchandise and goods to enhance the beauty of the City of Woodbury.
(2) 
Ornamental plantings, merchandise and goods, except clothing, shoes, personal apparel and garments which are offered for sale within a store with sidewalk frontage, may be displayed in front of the exterior storefront within the sidewalk right-of-way and on privately owned property in the C-1 District. Clothing shall only be displayed on a mannequin. There shall be no more than one mannequin per store. The clothing shall be worn by the mannequin, not merely draped upon it.
(3) 
Merchandise shall be tastefully and decoratively displayed and located no more than 30 inches (measuring perpendicularly from the front edge) from the front wall of the building in which the store is located. The merchandise or display shall not extend beyond four linear feet. The display shall not obstruct the storefront entrance and shall not extend above five feet from the sidewalk surface.
(4) 
A safe, continuous, unobstructed path on the public sidewalk a minimum of four feet must be maintained for pedestrian traffic to pass in front of the property having an outdoor decorative display. A minimum unobstructed distance of five feet must be maintained from the curb, as well.
(5) 
No other merchandise, wares, goods, foods, clothing, apparel, etc., may be displayed on the exterior of any store or building, either on private property or in the public right-of-way, except as provided herein.
(6) 
The decorative display shall not contain front lighting, backlighting and/or lighting within the display, except holiday lighting on ornamental plantings. The decorative display shall not contain electronic and/or mechanical moving devices or items, even if offered for sale within the stores. The decorative display shall not contain any signage.
(7) 
The above-referred-to merchandise and goods permitted to be displayed in front of the exterior storefront may be displayed on temporary, removable supports such as racks, benches, shelves, decorative carts, etc., and shall be removed at the end of each day of business and shall have no wheels except for the decorative carts. Packing cartons, cardboard boxes, card tables, folding tables or similar display supports are prohibited.
(8) 
No sales may occur outside the store. All sales must be conducted within the store. The goods and merchandise within the decorative display are not to be sold on the sidewalk.
(9) 
Plants, trees, cut flowers and any other vegetative matter displayed for beautification and not for sale shall be exempt from this section.
(10) 
No display shall contain any sound or lighting of any kind, and no electrical power devices, such as television, Internet/computer or other similar devices, shall be permitted. No merchandise, instruments, devices or paraphernalia which are designed for use in connection with a specified sexual activity, as defined in N.J.S.A. 2C:34-6, may be displayed.
(11) 
Business with any cafe tables and chairs or a sandwich board on the exterior of their buildings shall not be permitted to maintain an outdoor display.
(12) 
All displays of merchandise and goods under the provisions of this chapter, and all window boxes or other exterior fixtures on a commercial building, shall be kept neat and clean and free from dead plants, trash, litter and other debris.
(13) 
In the event that the Zoning Officer determines that any decorative display of merchandise and goods is in a state of disrepair, is unkempt or unclean, or presents a potential pedestrian hazard or otherwise fails to comply with the provisions of this section, the business owner shall immediately correct the display at the request of the Zoning Officer. The Zoning Officer shall also be authorized to order the business owner to discontinue the display for failure to comply with this section or the request to correct the display or if the Zoning Officer has determined that the business/building is in violation of any other municipal ordinance.
[Added 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
All electric, telephone, television and other communication service facilities, both main and service lines, shall be installed below grade as set forth under N.J.A.C. 5:21-4.12 of the New Jersey Residential Site Improvement Standards, the specifications of which are extended to nonresidential development.
[Added 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
A. 
In addition to the required facilities for passenger automobiles, facilities for the secure and convenient parking of bicycles shall be required. The number of spaces and/or racks shall be determined by the Planning Board at the time of subdivision or site plan review.
B. 
Bicycle parking facilities shall be of such a type and quantity so as to encourage and facilitate the use of the bicycle as a means of transportation by the employees and customers of the proposed use requiring site plan approval.
C. 
Outdoor bicycle parking facilities shall be located in convenient locations close to building entrances or pedestrian walkways leading to building entrances. Such facilities shall be clearly marked and separated from automobile access by either landscaping, raised curbs or similar devices. Indoor bicycle parking facilities shall be provided in a secure and safe area.
D. 
Bicycle access shall be combined with motor vehicle access, where possible. Bicycle access driveways or aisles shall not contain hazards to the cyclists (e.g., parallel bar drainage grates, insufficient sight clearance at points of intersection, or insufficient lateral or vertical clearance or radii of curvature). In those cases where bicycle access is combined with motor vehicle access driveways to the site under review, the driveway shall be not less than 15 feet wide if one-way in direction and 30 feet if two-way in direction. In those cases where bicycle access is independent from motor vehicle access driveways to the site under review, the bicycle access drive shall be not less than four feet wide if one-way in direction and eight feet wide if two-way in direction. Access, egress and internal circulation shall be planned so as to minimize conflicts between automobiles, trucks, bicycles and pedestrians, both within the lot and on the adjacent street.
E. 
Bicycle parking facilities shall be located close to major entrances to buildings or other areas they service, in view of working personnel on-site or close to high activity areas to minimize chances of theft or vandalism. Parking facilities shall provide for padlock, chain or cable attachment and shall allow for both wheels and the frame of a bicycle to be secured to it with a standard six-foot cable or chain. Devices such as lockers or those that support the bicycle by its frame or handlebars shall be used rather than slotted concrete slab or vertical-bar-type racks or other devices that support the bicycle by a wheel and could cause damage to wheel rims. In any planned developments, higher density residential developments, for office and industrial uses, and for other uses involving regular daily access by defined groups of people or the parking of bicycles for periods of time generally in excess of three hours, consideration should be given to sheltered parking facilities that provide provision for bicycles from direct sunlight and precipitation. For any use for which 12 or more employee bicycle parking spaces are required or provided, not less than 25% of the bicycle parking spaces shall be provided within wholly enclosed individually secured compartments or lockers. providing protection against theft, vandalism and the weather for all or any part any bicycle parked therein. The lockers shall be close to an entrance to the building they serve but need neither be located at a major entrance to the building nor be in view of working personnel on site or close to high activity areas. In lieu of the lockers, the same number of bicycle parking spaces providing equivalent security and convenience may be provided within the building they serve.
[Added 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
A. 
When, in the determination of the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment, an applicant's request for relief from the requirement set forth in § 202-74 is not inimical to the public interest and public safety, the Board may permit the applicant to make a contribution to a sidewalk fund in lieu of compliance with these requirements.
B. 
The fund created in accordance with Subsection A of this section shall be used solely for the purpose of construction of sidewalks, aprons and pedestrian ways in the City and for associated costs.
C. 
The contribution to be made by an applicant in accordance with Subsection A of this section shall be in an amount equal to the City Engineer's estimate of the cost of compliance.
[Added 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
A. 
Promotion of conservation. The design of residential and nonresidential buildings shall promote the conservation of energy through the use of site planning, architectural elements and construction techniques to reduce energy consumption and to provide for the maximum utilization of renewable energy sources. Building design and site planning shall address one or more of the following:
(1) 
The use of lot subdivision techniques which encourage the use of solar energy or decrease energy consumption over conventional development.
(2) 
The use of building designs which utilize natural features to decrease energy consumption over conventional development.
(3) 
The use of solar energy siting techniques.
(4) 
The use of materials systems or devices which decrease energy consumption.
(5) 
The use of green roofs.
(6) 
The use of solar screens for panels.
(7) 
The use of rain gardens, bioretention swales and/or rain barrels.
B. 
Lot, principal, structures, subdivision plans and site plat solar standards.
(1) 
Lot orientation. The buildable area of lots shall be oriented so that an imaginary line running perpendicular from the long axis of the buildable area will point within 30° of true south. To accommodate the orientation of buildable areas of lots in accordance with this section, the majority of roads, streets and/or alleyways should, within the limits of practicability and feasibility, be oriented along an east-west axis, with maximum deviations of 30° from true east.
(2) 
Lot arrangement. The lot arrangement shall be such that the buildable area for each lot will be situated so that homes built to the height permitted in this chapter will not interfere with the availability of direct sunlight to the south sides of buildable areas on adjacent lots in the subdivision between 9:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m., Eastern standard time, on December 21.
(3) 
Site techniques. The following techniques are recommended for all new land development.
(a) 
Roofing should be oriented towards the southern exposure, where possible.
(b) 
Windows opening on northern exposures should be limited in number.
(c) 
Windbreaks of evergreen material are recommended both on northern exposures of residential structures and on the northern property exposure.
(d) 
Deciduous trees are recommended on western exposures to intercept summer's setting sun and to allow the energy of the winter sun to pass through.
(4) 
Waiver provisions. Upon request of the applicant, the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment may grant relief from any of the requirements of this section to the minimum extent necessary if the Board finds that compliance with any of these sections is not practicable or feasible. Practicability and feasibility may be affected by, but not limited to, any of the following factors:
(a) 
Natural constraints, such as steep slopes, wetlands, floodplains, unsuitable soils, rock formations and wooded areas;
(b) 
Man-made constraints such as existing streets and utility infrastructures;
(c) 
Reduction in density below the density permitted in the Zoning Ordinance;[1] and
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 202, Zoning.
(d) 
Conflict with other land development standards.
[Added 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
A. 
Green building standards will ensure that development within the City preserves the unique characteristics of a site. The City desires that developers construct sustainable or "green" buildings. The guidelines that follow are intended to result in environmentally friendly and economically vibrant projects. According to the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), LEED evaluates environmental performance from a whole building perspective over a building's life cycle, providing a definitive standard for what constitutes a "green building." If it is based on accepted energy and environmental principles and strikes a balance between known established practices and emerging concepts. LEED is a performance-oriented system in which scoring points are earned for satisfying performance criteria in the categories of sustainable site development for new construction: reducing the urban heat island, energy efficiency, water savings, materials selection and indoor environmental quality. Different levels of green building certification are awarded by the USGBC based on the total points earned. As a means of evaluation and measuring achievements in sustainable design, this section encourages design, construction and operation of developments that meet criteria for a LEED-certified rating, as follows:
B. 
General.
(1) 
All new development within the City are encouraged to meet a minimum LEED certification rating under the LEED rating system and be so certified by the U.S. Green Building Council.
(2) 
All building projects are encouraged to have a LEED-accredited professional as a principal member of the design team from the beginning of the project.
(3) 
Energy Star: For all residential projects; appliances and fixtures should, if possible, meet U.S. EPA's Energy Star standards. Projects are encouraged to include Energy-Star-compliant clothes washers, dishwashers, refrigerators, ceiling fans, ventilation fans (including kitchen and bathroom fans), light fixtures (halls and common areas) and exit signs. To enhance energy efficiency further, the project may also choose to install two of the following Energy Star components: programmable thermostats (in residential units); residential light fixtures; windows and doors; and HVAC systems.
(4) 
Applicants may submit to the City the following information at the time of site plan application:
(a) 
The name of the LEED-accredited professional working on the project
(b) 
A LEED scorecard as part of the plan. The scorecard should be accompanied by an explanation of how each credit will be achieved or why the product cannot be achieved for the project.
C. 
Reducing the urban heat island. The ambient air in urban environments is usually significantly warmer (sometimes more than 10° F warmer) than air in less developed areas, an effect known as the "urban heat island." Dark, nonreflective surfaces absorb heat from the sun and then radiate it back to the surrounding area. Such hotter temperatures lead to an increased need for air conditioning, which costs money and consumes significant amounts of energy. Current statistics show that air conditioning consumes 1/6 of all electricity used in the United States. The following guidelines will help to mitigate the formation of an urban heat island:
(1) 
Provide shade trees (within five years) for 30% of the site's nonroof impervious surfaces.
(2) 
Use light-colored/high albedo materials (reflectance of at least 0.3) for at least 30% of the site's nonroof impervious surfaces.
(3) 
Use highly reflective and high emissive roofing materials (at least 0.9 when tested in accordance with ASTM 408) for at least 75% of the roof surface. In addition to the operational benefits to the building, this application helps to extend the life span of a roof.
(4) 
Use a "green" vegetative roof for at least 50% of the roof area. In addition to its ability to reduce stormwater flows and provide insulation, this application helps to extend the life span of the roof.
D. 
Energy efficiency.
(1) 
Buildings should be designed to exceed, by 20% the state energy code or the most recent edition of ASHRAE/IENA Standard 90.1 (without amendments), whichever is more stringent.
(2) 
Building owners are encouraged to provide a portion of the total energy used by a building with on-site sources, such as photovoltaic systems or geothermal systems.
E. 
Water savings. The following guidelines help decrease the amount of municipal water needed for buildings:
(1) 
Decrease the quantity of potable water used for landscape irrigation by 50%.
(2) 
Install ultra-low-flow fixtures in bathrooms and consider reusing roof runoff volumes for flushing toilets in order to reduce the amount of potable water required.
F. 
Materials selection and indoor environmental quality. The following materials guidelines ensure quality environments that help decrease the environmental impact of the materials needed for buildings:
(1) 
Divert as much construction waste away from disposal in landfills as possible by recycling construction materials, including metal, wood, concrete, brick, drywall and cardboard.
(2) 
Incorporate building materials that contain a high percentage of recycled content.
(3) 
Incorporate building materials that have been manufactured, and, where possible, generated, regionally. Using regional products not only reduces the amount of energy required for transportation, but also supports the local economy.
(4) 
Incorporate bio-based building materials, where possible. This includes materials incorporating certified wood, bamboo, wool, cotton, cork, natural linoleum and agricultural fiber boards.
(5) 
Limit the amount of indoor air contaminants that are introduced through building materials, where possible. Materials, including adhesives, sealants, paints and carpets, with lower VOC values are preferred over standard versions. Materials made of wood and agricultural fiber should contain no added urea formaldehyde.
[Added 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
The following trees, shrubs, vines and herbaceous plants, as well as their cultivars are known or believed to be invasive to natural ecosystems in New Jersey. With the exception of common reed (Phragmites australis), which is cosmopolitan but may include nonindigenous lineages known to aggressively invade and dominate diverse, wetland habitats, all species listed are nonindigenous. While many of these species may be available at commercial nurseries for landscaping, because of their invasive nature they are not suitable for landscaping, replanting of facilities or ecological restorations. The common name and scientific name for each species are provided. Scientific names should be consulted for accuracy in identifying species. Note that several species may be included under a single common name. The list will be periodically updated by the City based on new information.
Trees
Common Name
Scientific Name
Black locust
Robina pseudoacacia
Callery Pear
Pyrus calleryana
Catalpa
Catalpa bignonioides
Chinese
Ulmus parvifolia
Crack willow
Salix fragilis
Devil's walking stick
Aralia spinosa
Empress tree
Paulownia tomentosa
Japanese cork tree
Phellodendron japonicum
Mimosa
Albizia julibrissin
Norway maple
Acer platanoides
Paper mulberry
Broussonetia papyrifera
Scotch pine
Pinus sylvestris
Siberian elm
Ulmus pumila
Sweet cherry
Prumus avium
Tree of heaven
Ailanthus altissima
Umbrella tree
Magnolia tripetala
White mulberry
Morus alba
White poplar
Populus alba
White willow
Salix alba
Yellow buckeye
Aesculus flava
Shrubs
Common Name
Scientific Name
Amur honeysuckle
Lonicera maackii
Autumn olive
Elaegnus umbrellata
Black alder
Alnus glutinosa
Bramble
Rubus discolor
Bush honeysuckles
Lonicera morrowii
Butterfly-bush
Buddleja davidii
Clammy locust
Robibia viscose
Common buckthorn
Rhamnum cathartica
Coralberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Dog rose
Rosa canina
European barberry
Berberis vulgaris
European spindle tree
Euonymus europaeus
False indigobush
Amorpha fruticosa
Fragrant sumac
Rhus aromatica
Garden red currant
Ribes sativum
Japanese barberry
Berberis thunbergii
Japanese holly
Ilex crenata
Jethead
Rhodotypos scandens
Linden arrow-wood
Viburnum dilatatum
Morrow's bush honeysuckle
Lonicera morrowii
Multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Oriental redtip
Photinia villosa
Privet
Ligustrum obtusofolium
Rose acacia
Robinia hispida
Rugosa rose
Rosa rugosa
Russian olive
Elaeagnus angustifolia
Scotch broom
Cytisus scoparius
Shrub lespedeza
Lespedeza thunbergii
Siebold viburnum
Viburnum sieboldii
Smooth buckthorn
Rhamnus frangula
Snowberry
Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus
Sweetbrier
Rosa micrantha
Tatarian honeysuckle
Lonicera tatarica
Winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Winter creeper
Euonymus fortunei
Vines
Common Name
Scientific Name
Akebla
Akebia quinata
Black swallow-wort
Cynanchum louiseae
English Ivy
Hedera helix
Japanese honsysuckle
Lonicera japonica var. chinensis
Kudzu
Pueraria lobata
Mile-a-minute
Polygonum perfoliatum
Matrimony vine
Lycium barbarum
Oriental bittersweet
Celastrus orbiculatus
Periwinkle
Vinca minor
Porcelainberry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Wisteria
Wisteria floribunda
Yam-leaved clematis
Clematis terniflora
Herbs
Common Name
Scientific Name
Bedstraw
Galium mollugo
Bittercress
Cardamine impatiens
Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima
Bull thistle
Cirsium vulgare
Bush clover
Lespedeza cuneata
Butter and eggs
Linaria vulgaris
Canada thistle
Cirsium arvense
Chickweed
Cerastium bieberstenii
Chicory
Cichorium intybus
Coltsfoot
Tussilago farfa
Cottonweed
Froelichia gracilis
Creeping primrose-wlllow
Ludwigia peploides var. glabrescens
Crown vetch
Coronilla varia
Cudy dock
Romx crispus
Cyprsss spurge
Euphorbia cyparissias
Dame's rocket
Hesperis matronlis
Dusty miller
Artemisia stelleriana
Eurasian water-milfoil
Myriophyllum spicatum
Field garlic
Allum vineale
Garlic mustard
Alliaria petiolata
Giant knotweed
Polygonum sacalinense
Goosefoot
Chenopodium ambrosioides
Goutweed
Aegopodium podagraria
Ground ivy
Glechoma hederacae
Hawkweed
Hieracium caespitsum
Indian strawberry
Duchesnea indica
Japanese hops
Humulus japonicus
Japanese knotwood
Polygonum cuspidatum
Leafy spurge
Euphorbia escula
Lesser celandine
Ranunculus ficaria
Loblia
Lobelia chinensis
Moneywort
Lysimachia nummularia
Mullein
Verbascum blattaria
Mugwort
Artemisia vulgaris
Orange daylily
Hemerocallis fulva
Oxeye daisy
Leucanthemum vulgare
Bearded beggarticks
Bidens aristosa
Pondweed
Potamogeton crispus
Prince's feather
Polygonum orientale
Purple loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria
Queen Ann's lace
Daucus carota
Ragged robin
Lychnis flos-cuculi
Skeletonweed
Chondrilla juncea
Speedwell
Veronica beccabunga
Spotted knapweed
Centaurea maculosa
Sweet clover
Melilotus officinalis
Teasel
Dipsacus fullonum
Thistle
Carduus acanthoides
Water chesnut
Traps natans
Water starwort
Callitriche stagnalis
Water thyme
Hydrilla verticillata
White mullein
Verbascum lychnitis
Wild chervil
Anthriscus sylvestris
Wintercress
Barbarea verna
Graminoid
Common Name
Scientific Name
African weeping love grass
Eragrostis curvula
Brome
Bromus japonicus
Cane
Arundinaria gigantean
Canary grass
Phalaris canariensis
Chinese silver grass
Miscanthus sinensis
Common reed
Phragmites australis
Japanese sedge
Carex kobomugi
Japanese stiltgrass
Microstegium vimineum
Meadow fescue
Festuca pratensis
Small carp grass
Arthraxon hispidus
Sweet venal grass
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Umbrella-sedge
Cyperus amuricus
[Added 12-14-2009 by Ord. No. 2110-09]
The following perennials, grasses, ferns, shrubs, trees and vines are recommended for use in the City of Woodbury:
Native Perennials
Common Name/Description
Scientific Name
Blue heart-leaved aster: violet with yellow centers; 2 to 3 feet; August to October; charming small aster that provides starry flowers for butterflies
Aster cordifolius
Boneset: white; 4 feet; August to September; unimposing plant that is a top favorite with butterflies
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Wild bergamont: pale violet flowers; 36 inches; July; a spreading favorite nectar plant for many summer butterflies
Monarda fistulosa
Broadleaf mountain mint: white to violet; 3 to 4 feet; July to August; a top butterfly nectar plant with tiny flowers surrounded by lovely silvery bracts
Pycnanthemum muticum
Hoary vervain: violet; 2 to 3 feet; July to August; uprights spikes of lovely purple flowers top undemanding plants; butterfly favorite
Verbena stricta
New England aster: deep violet; 36 inches; late August to October; New Jersey native; butterfly favorite; thrives in moist soil but tolerates drier conditions
Aster novae-angliae
New York aster: light purple; 36 inches; late August to September; lovely bushy, slow spreading New Jersey native; favorite of butterflies
Aster novae-belgii
Showy aster: blue with yellow central disk; 18 inches; September to October; New Jersey native, especially in the south; thrives in dry conditions
Aster spectabilis
Black cohosh: white; 54 inches; July to August; woodland plant with graceful candle-like flowers
Cimicifuga racemosa
Blazing star "Rosea:" rosy-purple; 28 to 30 inches; July to September; spiked flowers; nectar for butterflies; seeds goldfinches
Liatris spicata "Rosea"
Cardinal flower: scarlet red; 32 inches; July to September; commanding spike of deep red; hummingbird dessert; plant near birdbath for moisture
Lobelia cardinalis
Columbine: red spurs, yellow sepals; 18 inches; April to June; early season nectar for hummingbirds; charming woodland plant that gently reseeds
Enchinacea purpurea
Coneflower: purple-pink with orange/brown center; 36 inches; July to August; flowers attracts a variety of butterflies; seeds a favorite of goldfinches
Aquilegia canadensis
Culver's root: white; 48 inches; August to September; curved spikes of flowers for butterflies; charming but underused garden plant
Veronicastrum virginicum
Dutchman's breeches: white; 10 inches; April to May; four-inch pot; spring ephemeral with pantaloon-like flowers; early season food for hummingbirds
Dicentra cucullaria
Stiff goldenrod: yellow; 2 to 5 feet; August to October; nectar for Monarchs and other butterflies; flowers form a flattened panicle on upright stems; does well in moist to dry soil; in the wild, it prefers a bit of lime in its soil
Solidago rigida
Great merrybells: yellow; 18 to 24 inches; April to May; lovely plant for the woodland shade garden; thrives if given a bit of lime
Uvularia grandiflora
Green and gold "Allen Bush:" yellow; 18 to 24 inches; April to May; lovely ground cover for many soil types; flowers may continue into summer
Chrysogunum virginianum "Allen Bush"
Joe pye weed: rose pink; 5 to 6 feet; July to September; dramatic nectar plant; prefers damp soil but thrives in drier areas once establbhed
Eupatorium maculatum
New York Ironweed: purple; 5 to 8 feet; August to October; nectar plant for many butterflies; thrives in both damp and dry soils
Vernonia noveboracensis
Great blue lobelia: blue; 30 inches; July to September; spikes of blue flowers attract hummingbirds and large butterflies; prefers moist soil
Lobelia siphilitica
Butterfly weed (milkweed): bright orange; 24 inches; July to August; a top butterfly plant for drier soil; host for Monarch caterpillars; brilliant flowers
Asclepias tuberose
Swamp milkweed: pink; 40 inches; July to August; a leading nectar plant for butterflies; host for Monarch caterpillars; lovely flowers; prefers moist soil in the wild but is easily established in average garden conditions
Asclepias incarnate
Woodland phlox "London Grove:" violet-blue; 10 to 12 inches; April to May; cultivar of endangered plant of New Jersey's deciduous woods; delightful early spring blooms
Phlox divaricata "London Grove"
Rose mallow "Southern Belle:" mixed colors (red, white or pink); 3 inches; July; large flowered cultivar of plant native to much of New Jersey; prefers rich, evenly moist soil
Hibiscus moscheutos "Southern Belle"
Wild stonecrop: white; 4 to 8 inches; May; adaptable, creeping nectar plant favored by the small spring butterflies
Sedum ternatum
Virginia spiderwort: mixed (predominantly blues, purples, lavenders); 26 to 30 inches; June to September; strap-like leaves and flowers that last for a single day; thrives in any soil type
Tradescantia virginiana
Great white trillium: white: 10 to 12 inches; April; tall, showy woodlander; relatively easy to grow in rich, woodsy soil
Trillium grandiflorum
White turtlehead: white; 32 inches; August to September; spreading favorite of butterflies and other insects; excellent companion plant for Cardinal Flower
Chelone glabra
Bleeding heart: pink; 12 inches; May to July; northern native with fern-like foliage; long bloom period; food for hummingbirds
Dicentra eximia
Tall tickseed coreopsis: yellow; 5 feet; July to September; clouds of butterflies from midsummer on; grows happily in the meadow or at the back of the border
Coreopsis tripteris
Foam flower: white; 8 to 10 inches; May to June; frothy wands of flowers; clumping form with heart-shaped leaves; endangered in New Jersey
Tiarella wherry
Wild geranium: violet rose; 15 to 24 inches; May to June; perennial nodding flowers for the edge of the woodland garden; nectar for early butterflies
Geranium maculatum
Wild ginger: mahogany; 3 inches; April; unassuming ground cover for the woodland garden; exotically shaped flowers
Asarum canadensis
Native Grasses
Common Name/Description
Scientific Name
Indian grass: golden seed heads; 5 to 6 feet; August; beautiful native meadow grass with strong, upright growth habit
Sorghastrum nutans
Switchgrass "Heavy Metal:" metallic blue blades; 3 to 4 feet; August; short cultivar of native meadow grass selected for sturdy, erect growth habit
Panicum virgatum "Heavy Metal"
Native Ferns
Common Name/Description
Scientific Name
Christmas fern: 24 to 26 inches; evergreen, once-divided, leathery deep-green fronds; easy and essential
Polystichum acrostichoides
Cinnamon fern: 30 inches; cinnamon colored fertile fronds emerge before green sterile ones; stately, handsome plant provides vertical accent and nesting material for hummingbirds
Osmunda cinnamomea
Eastern hay-scented fern: 18 to 20 inches; light green, lacy fronds that release the sweet scent of fresh hay when crushed
Dennstaedtia punctilobula
Leatherwood fern: 24 to 30 inches; evergreen, shiny fronds; strong, upright, and vigorous; makes a pool of green in the shade; endures considerable dry spells
Dryopteris marginalis
Maidenhair fern: 18 to 24 inches; delicate rounded fronds that spread slowly through the shade garden
Adiantum pedatum
Ostrich fern: 48 inches; imposing plume-like fronds create either a handsome focal point or stunning backdrop for other shade lovers; waits two to three years and then spreads; fiddle-heads may be eaten
Matteuccia struthiopteris
Woodfern: 18 to 24 inches; evergreen, erect, outward curving fronds; easy naturalizer
Dryopteris
Native Shrubs and Trees
Common Name/Description
Scientific Name
Lowbush blueberry: white flowers; blue fruit; 18 to 24 inches; May to June; something for everyone: nectar for early spring butterflies and hummingbirds, habitat for caterpillars, fruit for birds, and wonderful fall color; prefers dry soil
Vaccinium angustifolium
Buttonbush: creamy white; 6 to 12 feet; July to August; butterfly favorite; lovely round "button" flowers shine against glossy deep green leaves; thrives in wet soil and even in standing water
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Black chokeberry: black fruit; 3 to 8 feet; May; spring flowers, lovely fall color, fruit for winter birds; adaptable plant for dry-to-moist conditions
Aronia melanocarpa
Red maple: red; 40 to 70 feet; March to April; flowers provide crucial food for early spring butterflies; brilliant red leaves in fall; adaptable tree that tolerates a wide range of soil types and moisture levels
Acer rubrum
Gray dogwood: white flowers; 3 to 8 feet; May to June; fruit is a favorite snack for birds; naturally occurs in damp-to-wet soil but is more drought tolerant than many other dogwoods; best for naturalizing
Comus racemosa
Shadblow: white flowers; blue fruit; 10 feet; April; early spring flowers for insects followed by edible fruit for us if the birds do not get it first; adaptable plant that tolerates dry garden soil once established
Amelanchier canadensis
Spicebush: soft yellow; 8 to 12 feet; April; essential, understated understory shrub for much of the woodlands of northem New Jersey; nectar for early insects and forage for birds; blue-green leaves turn yellow in autumn
Lindhera benzoin
Sweet pepperbush (summersweet): ivory; 4 to 9 feet; July to August; butterfly favorite; the native alternative to the invasive butterfly bush; blooms in midsummer; sweet scent perfumes the garden; noncultivar rarely found in the trade
Clethra alnifolia
Fragrant sumac: yellow; 3 to 6 feet; May; spring flowering, colonial plant ideal for stabilizing banks; thrives poor quality soil and hot sun; red-to-burgundy fall foliage
Rhus aromatica
Blackhaw viburnum: clusters of white flowers, blue-black fruit; 6 to 15 feet; May to June; understated small tree providing shelter for caterpillars; late summer fruit loved by the birds; and deep red leaves in the autumn landscape
Viburnum trilobum
Cranberry bush vibumum: clusters of white flowers, bright red fruit; 6 to 15 feet; May to June; the American Cranberrybush; flowers in spring, with autumn berries much appreciated by birds; red foliage in fall; flowering and fruiting best with some sun
Viburnum prunifolium
Winterberry holly: greenish flowers, red berries; 6 to 10 feet; May to June; fruit for winter birds; noncultivar rarely found in the trade; prefers moist-to-damp solil; only female holly produce fruit; our plants are not identified by sex so we cannot guarantee that you will receive a female plant; for best chances of having fruit, order at least two plants
Ilex verticillata
Other acceptable native shrubs and trees shall include: Eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis, Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica), Eastern red-cedar (Juniperus Virginiana), American Holly (Ilex opaca), Silver maple (Acer saccharinum), Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) and Pin oak (Quercus palustris).
Native Vine
Common Name/Description
Scientific Name
Coral honeysuckle: red-orange; 8 to 10 feet; June to August; trumpet-shaped blossoms; a hummingbird favorite throughout its long bloom period
Lonicera sempervirens