City of Scranton, PA
Lackawanna County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Overall requirements.
(1) 
Number of spaces. Each use that is newly developed, enlarged, significantly changed in type or increased in number of establishments shall provide and maintain off-street parking spaces in accordance with Table 6.1[1] and the regulations of this Article, except as exempted by § 445-54F in the C-D District.
[1]
Editor's Note: Table 6.1 is included at the end of this chapter.
(2) 
Uses not listed. Uses not specifically listed in Table 6.1 shall comply with the requirements for the most similar use listed in Table 6.1, unless the applicant proves to the satisfaction of the Zoning Officer that an alternative standard should be used for that use.
(3) 
Multiple uses. Where a proposed lot contains or includes more than one type of use, the number of parking spaces required shall be the sum of the parking requirements for each separate use, except as may be allowed under § 445-53B.
(4) 
Calculation. Where the calculation of required parking spaces does not result in a whole number, the calculation shall be rounded to the closest whole number.
(5) 
Mixed-Use Adaptive Reuse. For lots involving development under Mixed-Use Adaptive Reuse, the number of parking spaces required shall be as specifically listed for this category in Table 6.1[2] and not based on the sum of the parking requirements for each separate use.
[Added 1-12-2012 by Ord. No. 59-2011]
[2]
Editor’s Note: Table 6.1 is included at the end of this chapter.
B. 
Reduction of parking requirements by special exception.
(1) 
Purposes. The purposes shall be to minimize impervious surfaces, while ensuring adequate parking; to recognize that unique circumstances may justify a reduction in parking.
(2) 
The Zoning Hearing Board may permit a reduction, through the special exception process of § 445-19, of the number of parking spaces required to be developed if the applicant proves to the satisfaction of the Board that less parking spaces are needed.
(a) 
Proof. To prove that less parking spaces are needed, the applicant shall provide existing and projected employment, customer, resident or other relevant data. Such data may include a study of parking at similar developments during peak periods of use.
(b) 
Shared parking. Under this section, an applicant may seek to prove that parking permanently shared with another use or another lot with shared internal access or another lot within 400 feet of the entrance to the use will reduce the total amount of parking needed because the uses have different peak times of parking need or overlapping customers.
(c) 
Reservation of future parking areas. If a reduction is permitted under this section, the Board may require as a condition of the special exception that the lot include the reservation, permanently or for a specified number of years, of areas for use if needed in the future for additional parking.
[1] 
Such reservation shall be provided in a legal form acceptable to the Zoning Hearing Board Solicitor. A legally binding deed restriction is recommended.
[2] 
In such case, the applicant shall be required to submit site plans to the Zoning Officer showing where and how the additional parking could be accomplished. Such future parking areas shall be designed to meet all City requirements, including stormwater runoff. Such future parking areas shall not be covered by buildings and shall be attractively landscaped unless needed for parking.
[3] 
Such additional parking shall be required to be provided within one year by the owner of the lot at that time after the Zoning Officer may determine, in writing, to such owner that such parking has become needed to meet actual use. Such determination shall be based upon the Zoning Officer's on-site review on at least three different days.
A. 
General. Parking spaces and accessways shall be laid out to result in safe and orderly use and to fully take into account all of the following: vehicular access onto and off the site, vehicular movement within the site, loading areas, pedestrian patterns and any drive-through facilities. No parking area shall cause a safety hazard or impediment to traffic off the lot.
B. 
Existing parking. Structures and uses in existence at the effective date of this chapter shall not be required to add additional parking spaces to meet the requirements of this Article unless the general type of use is significantly changed or the use is expanded a total aggregate over time of more than 5% or 2,000 square feet in floor area, whichever is more restrictive. Any parking spaces serving such preexisting structures or uses at the time of adoption of this chapter shall not in the future be reduced in number below the number required by this chapter.
C. 
Change in use or expansion. If a building or use significantly changes in type of principal use or expands by a measure used in this Article to determine parking need (such as floor area, maximum number of employees, number of dwelling units or seating capacity) and if such expansion or change would increase the number of required parking spaces by at least 10% or 20 spaces, whichever is less, then the use shall provide the total number of parking spaces that would be required if the entire existing and proposed uses would be newly developed under this Article, instead of only being required to provide the additional uses for the change or expansion.
D. 
Continuing obligation of parking and loading spaces. All required numbers of parking spaces and off-street loading spaces shall be available as long as the use or building which the spaces serve still exist, and such spaces shall not be reduced in number below the minimum required by this chapter. No required parking area or off-street loading spaces shall be used for any other use (such as storage or display of materials) that interferes with the area's availability for parking to serve a use, except that an owner of a parking area may allow use of the spaces by another use during specific times of the day and week when they are clearly not needed for the primary user.
E. 
Location of parking. Required off-street parking spaces shall be on the same lot or abutting lot with the principal use served, unless the applicant proves to the satisfaction of the Zoning Officer that a guaranteed method of providing the spaces is available using parking spaces within 400 feet of a patron/patient entrance of the principal use being served, provided that such parking is in a district where such parking is permitted.
(1) 
Such distance between the entrance of the use and the parking spaces shall be 200 feet instead of 400 feet for parking that serves uses located within the R-2/O District, provided that such parking is in a district where such parking is permitted.
(2) 
To meet the requirement that the availability of the parking be guaranteed, an applicant may provide a suitable deed restriction or a lease extending 25 years or for the life of use of the property, whichever is of shorter duration.
(3) 
Such distance between entrance of use and the parking spaces may be up to 700 feet for Mixed-Use Adaptive Reuse in the I-L District.
[Added 1-12-2012 by Ord. No. 59-2011]
F. 
Downtown exemption. In recognition of the need to strongly encourage new construction and to reuse building space in the downtown and recognizing the availability of public parking areas, the requirements for minimum numbers, minimum aisle widths, minimum sizes and landscaping requirements of off-street parking spaces in this Article shall not apply within the C-D District.
A. 
General requirements.
(1) 
No parking area shall be designed to require or encourage parked vehicles to back into a public street in order to leave a parking space, except for a single-family or two-family dwelling with its access onto a local street or parking court.
(2) 
Every required parking space shall be designed so that each motor vehicle may proceed to and from the parking space provided for it without requiring the moving of any other vehicle, except spaces for a single-family detached dwelling, twin dwelling or for approved valet parking areas.
(3) 
Parking areas shall not be within any of the following: a required buffer yard or a required paved area setback.
(4) 
Defined trafficways. All parking areas shall include clearly defined and marked traffic patterns. In any lot with more than 30 off-street parking spaces, raised curbs and landscaped areas shall be used to direct traffic within the lot. Major vehicular routes shall be separated as much as is reasonable from major pedestrian routes within the lot.
(5) 
Separation from street. All areas for off-street parking, off-street loading and unloading and the storage or movement of motor vehicles shall be physically separated from the street by a raised curb, planting strip, wall or other suitable barrier against unchanneled motor vehicle entrance or exit, except for necessary and approved vehicle entrances and exits to the lot. All commercial and industrial parking areas approved after the adoption of this chapter shall be separated from the street by a grass or landscaped strip of land. Parking spaces may back into an alley. See § 445-55G.
(6) 
Stacking. Each lot shall provide adequate area upon the lot to prevent backup of vehicles on a public street while awaiting entry to the lot or while waiting for service at a drive-through facility.
(7) 
Stormwater management. The applicant for any new or expanded parking lot that would result in 5,000 square feet or greater of impervious coverage (compared to what previously existed), outside of the C-D District, shall be required to submit stormwater management calculations to the City Engineer and prove to the satisfaction of the City Engineer that stormwater will be adequately managed.
B. 
Size and marking of parking spaces. Each parking space shall include a rectangle with a minimum width of nine feet and a minimum length of 18 feet, except:
(1) 
The minimum length shall be 21 feet for parallel parking.
(2) 
If a lot or parking deck includes more than 30 parking spaces, a maximum of 20% of the required spaces include a rectangle with a minimum width of eight feet and a minimum length of 16 feet, provided that those spaces are marked as "compact cars only" and provided that those spaces do not include the most desirable spaces in the lot or deck.
(3) 
All spaces shall be marked to indicate their location, except those of a single-family or two-family dwelling.
(4) 
If a parking area is permitted to not be paved, then a minimum width of 10 feet per space shall be used.
C. 
Aisles.
(1) 
Each aisle providing access to stalls for one-way traffic only shall be at least the maximum aisle width specified as follows:
Angle of Parking
(degrees)
Minimum Aisle Width
(feet)
Parallel or 30
12
45
14
60
18
90
20
(2) 
Each aisle providing access to stalls for two-way traffic shall be at least 20 feet in width.
(3) 
Maximum length of parking aisle: 300 feet.
(4) 
Modification. By special exception, the Zoning Hearing Board may reduce the minimum size of parking spaces or aisles to reflect congested conditions and the need for parking spaces in older commercial areas of the City.
D. 
Access drives and driveways.
(1) 
Width of driveway/accessway at entrance onto public street (at the edge of the cartway):
One-Way Use
(feet)
Two-Way Use
(feet)
Minimum
12
20
Maximum
35
50
NOTE:
The standards shall apply unless a different standard is required by PennDOT for an entrance to a state street.
(2) 
Drainage. Adequate provisions shall be made to maintain uninterrupted parallel drainage along a public street at the point of driveway or access drive entry.
(3) 
Separation between driveways. At least 50 feet shall be provided between the center lines of any two accessways or driveways along one street within one lot.
(4) 
Separation from intersection. If a driveway or accessway enters onto a collector or arterial street, then the center line of that driveway or accessway where it enters the collector or arterial street shall be a minimum of 75 feet from the center line of any other street, where that street enters the collector or arterial street at a different point than the driveway or accessway.
(5) 
State permit. Where there will be new or intensified access to a state street or other work within the right-of-way of a state street, a state highway occupancy permit shall be obtained, as applicable.
(6) 
Sight distance for driveways. See § 445-74C(2).
E. 
Paving, grading and drainage.
(1) 
Parking, loading facilities, driveways and vehicle sales display areas shall be graded and adequately drained to prevent erosion or excessive water flow across streets or adjoining properties. See the City stormwater management ordinance.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 405, Stormwater Management.
(2) 
Except for landscaped areas, all portions of required parking, loading facilities and driveways shall be surfaced with asphalt, concrete or decorative paving block, except that portions or all of driveways or parking areas may be left in grass or gravel where the applicant proves to the full satisfaction of the Zoning Officer that the parking or driveway:
(a) 
Is clearly intended for use for a maximum of one year or for a maximum of 30 days in a calendar year;
(b) 
Serves an agricultural use; or
(c) 
Involves a single-family residential driveway with a length of over 100 feet.
(3) 
Each of the following existing parking areas shall be paved with asphalt, concrete or decorative paving block within three years of the adoption of this chapter:
(a) 
Parking lots in the C-D District that have existed for at least five years prior to the adoption of this chapter and that include a minimum of 25 parking spaces, except for lots for which an official development plan or building permit has been approved or is being reviewed prior to approval, and except where the property owner has signed an agreement to develop the property within a specified period of time.
(b) 
Off-street parking spaces serving three or more dwelling units.
F. 
Lighting of parking areas. See § 445-46, Light and glare control.
G. 
Paved area setbacks (including off-street parking setbacks).
(1) 
Intent. The intent shall be to ensure that parked or moving vehicles within a lot do not obstruct sight distance or interfere with pedestrian traffic, to aid in stormwater management along streets and to prevent vehicles from entering or exiting a lot other than at approved driveways.
(2) 
Uses within the paved area setback. The paved area setback required by this section, in addition to areas of any existing street right-of-way area not used as a cartway, street shoulder or on-street parking, shall be maintained in natural ground cover (such as grass) and shall not be used for any of the following:
(a) 
Paving except approved driveway/access drive entrances and except any concrete sidewalks of eight feet wide or fewer are permitted.
(b) 
Fences.
(c) 
Parking or storage of vehicles or display of vehicles or items for sale or rent.
(3) 
A paved area setback is not required abutting a parking deck.
(4) 
A paved area setback may include the following: permitted freestanding signs, stormwater facilities that are not impervious or approved driveway crossings. If sidewalks exist, the paved area setback may be provided between the sidewalk and the street or between the sidewalk and the paving.
(5) 
Any commercial, industrial, institutional, townhouse or low-rise apartment use developed after the adoption of this chapter shall provide paved area setbacks as follows:
If a paved area abuts:
Minimum paved area setback
(measured from the curbline or the existing legal right-of-way line after development if no curbline will exist)
(feet)
Expressway or expressway ramp or arterial street(other than abutting an arterial street in the C-D or C-N District):
For lot with 2 acres or less of impervious coverage
5
For lot with more than 2 acres of impervious coverage
10
Collector or local street in any district
3
Arterial street in the C-D or C-N District
3
(6) 
Buffer areas between uses. See § 445-74.
(7) 
Planting strip along parking lots. See § 445-75.
H. 
Paved area landscaping (parking lot trees).
(1) 
Intent. This section is primarily intended to reduce the thermal pollution of surface waters from parking lot runoff.
(2) 
Any lot approved after the adoption of this chapter, outside of the C-D District, that would include more than 25 parking spaces shall be required to provide shade trees within the paved area.
(3) 
One deciduous tree shall be required for every 3,000 square feet of paved area. Such trees may be placed within or around the edges of paved areas.
(4) 
Trees required by this section shall meet the following standards:
(a) 
Type of trees permitted. Required trees shall be chosen from the following list of approved street trees, unless the applicant provides standard reference material or a signed letter from a registered landscape architect that proves to the satisfaction of the Zoning Officer that another specific type of tree would shade paved areas, be resistant to disease, road salt and air pollution and be attractive.
Types of Deciduous Trees Permitted
Acer rubrum - American red maple
Acer saccharum - Sugar maple
Celtis occidentalis - Common hackberry
Fagus sylvatica - European beech
Fraxinus americana - White ash
Fraxinus pennsylvania - Green ash
Ginko biloba fastigiata - Maiden hair tree (male only; female has noxious odor)
Gleditsia triacanthos - Thornless locust
Liriodendron tulipifera - Tulip poplar
Quercus alba - White oak
Quercus acutissima - Sawtooth oak
Quercus borealis - Red oak
Quercus coccinea - Scarlet Oak
Quercus macrocarpa - Bur oak
Quercus imbricaria - Shingle oak
Quereus montana - Chestnut oak
Quercus velutina - Black oak
Quercus phellos - Willow oak
Sophora japonica - Chinese scholar tree
Tilia americana - American linden
Tilia cordata - Little leaf european linden
Tilia euchlora - Crimean linden
Tilia petiolaris - Silver linden
Zelkova serrata - Zelkova
NOTE:
This chapter only regulates the species of trees that are used to meet requirements of the City. The species of trees that are not required by City ordinances are not regulated.
(b) 
Quality of trees. Required trees shall be of symmetrical growth and free of insect pests and disease.
(c) 
Minimum size. The trunk diameter [measured at a height of one foot above the finished grade level] shall be a minimum of two inches or greater.
(d) 
Planting and maintenance. Required trees shall be:
[1] 
Planted in conformance with good landscaping practices, with adequate unpaved surface around each for water and air;
[2] 
Properly protected by raised curbs, distance or other devices from damage from vehicles;
[3] 
Surrounded by a minimum of nine square feet of pervious ground area, which shall be protected from vehicles; and
[4] 
Properly maintained.
(e) 
Removal and replacement of trees. A required tree shall not be removed without being replaced within 12 months by another tree that meets the requirements of this section. Trees which have died or have become diseased or pest-ridden shall be replaced within 12 months.
(5) 
Curbing and landscaped islands shall be located as needed to direct the flow of traffic through the parking lot in a smooth, orderly and safe manner to prevent cross-taxiing.
(6) 
Existing trees. For every existing tree on the lot that is healthy and is protected and preserved and maintained after the completion of all construction and that would generally meet the requirements of this section:
(a) 
One fewer deciduous tree shall be required to be planted for every such preserved tree with a minimum trunk diameter of between four and 16 inches (measured one foot above the natural ground level); and
(b) 
Two fewer deciduous trees shall be required to be planted for every such preserved tree with a minimum trunk diameter of 16 inches or greater (measured one foot above the natural ground level).
I. 
Buffer yard. See § 445-74.
J. 
Handicapped parking.
(1) 
Number of spaces. Any lot including four or more off-street parking spaces shall include a minimum of one handicapped space. The following number of handicapped spaces shall be provided, unless a revised regulation is officially established under the federal Americans With Disabilities Act:
Total No. of Required Parking Spaces on the Lot
Required Minimum No./Percent of Handicapped Parking Spaces
4 to 25
1
26 to 50
2
51 to 75
3
76 to 100
4
101 to 150
5
151 to 200
6
201 to 300
7
301 to 400
8
401 to 500
9
501 to 1,000
2% of required number of spaces
1,001 or more
20, plus 1% of required number of spaces over 1,000
(2) 
Location. Handicapped parking spaces shall be located where they would result in the shortest reasonable accessible distance to a handicapped accessible building entrance. Curb cuts with an appropriate slope shall be provided as needed to provide access from the handicapped spaces.
(3) 
Minimum size. Each required handicapped parking space shall be a minimum of eight by eighteen (8 x 18) feet. In addition, each space shall be adjacent to a five-foot-wide access aisle. Such access aisle may be shared by two handicapped spaces by being placed between them. However, one out of every eight required handicapped parking spaces shall have an adjacent access aisle of eight feet width instead of five feet.
(4) 
Slope. Handicapped parking spaces shall be located in areas of fewer than six-percent slope in any direction.
(5) 
Marking. All required handicapped spaces shall be well-marked by clearly visible signs and/or pavement markings.
A. 
Purpose. The purpose shall be to prevent the character of residential areas from being harmed by nuisances, hazards and visual blight and to prevent the establishment of junkyards in residential districts.
B. 
Storage of unregistered, commercial or junk vehicles.
(1) 
Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE
A motor vehicle that has a gross vehicle weight of greater than 6,000 pounds and is primarily used for business purposes, including but not limited to making service calls, transporting equipment used in a business or in accomplishing physical work as part of a business (such as hauling material).
TRACTOR OF A TRACTOR-TRAILER
A truck with a minimum of three axles that is primarily intended to pull a trailer, as defined below, and not primarily to carry goods itself.
TRAILER OF A TRACTOR-TRAILER
A commercial vehicle with a length of 20 feet or more that is not self-propelled, that is intended to haul materials, vehicles, goods, gases or liquids and that is intended to be pulled by a tractor (as defined above) and that is not a recreational vehicle.
(2) 
Residential district. Within a residential district, no motor vehicle that does not display current registration and current safety inspection (or safety inspection and registration that expires less than 90 days prior) and no junk vehicle (as defined by Article II) shall be parked or stored in any way that is visible from a public street or an adjacent dwelling.
(3) 
Nonresidential district. In a nonresidential district, a maximum of one junk vehicle (as defined by Article II) shall be parked or stored in such a way that the vehicle is visible from a public street or a dwelling. This section shall not apply to a permitted auto sales use, auto service station, junkyard or auto repair garage, provided that the regulations for that use are met.
(4) 
Exceptions. This section does not apply to the following, provided that they are in an operational condition:
(a) 
Municipally owned vehicles.
(b) 
Ambulance, fire and rescue vehicles.
(c) 
Buses used primarily for transporting public or private school children to and from school or transporting persons to or from a place of worship.
(d) 
Recreational vehicles (see definition in Article II and regulations in § 445-35).
(e) 
Vehicles operated by the United States Postal Service or a level of government or a municipal authority.
(f) 
Vehicles actively engaged in the construction or repair of buildings, streets, curbs, sidewalks, rehabilitation or utilities in the immediate area.
(g) 
Vehicles actively engaged in making routine household deliveries or rendering routine household services to a property that is adjacent or on the same lot as the vehicle is parked.
(h) 
Equipment and vehicles clearly primarily intended for agricultural use.
(i) 
Parking of vehicles that is customarily accessory to a lawful nonconforming principal business use.
(5) 
Commercial vehicles in a residential district.
(a) 
In a residential district, a maximum of two commercial vehicles (as defined above) may be parked for more than eight hours in any forty-eight-hour period on private property. Such vehicles shall be permitted only if used by residents of the property as a means of transportation between their home and work. No commercial vehicle in a residential district shall have a gross vehicle weight of over 15,000 pounds if parked outside of an enclosed building.
(b) 
Idling. In a residential district, the engine of a tractor of a tractor-trailer shall not be idled for more than 10 minutes on the property between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. or be repaired, except for clearly emergency repairs.
(c) 
No trailer of a tractor-trailer shall be parked, stored, maintained or kept in a residential district for more than eight hours in any forty-eight-hour period.
(d) 
Streets. See requirements of the state motor vehicle code[1] that require vehicles parked on a public street to have current registration.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 75 Pa.C.S.A. § 101 et seq.
A. 
General requirements.
(1) 
Each use receiving or shipping material or merchandise by trucks shall provide sufficient off-street loading facilities, which meet the requirements of this section, to accommodate the maximum demand generated by the use. For the purposes of this section, the words "loading" and "unloading" are used interchangeably.
(2) 
The applicant shall provide evidence to the Zoning Officer that the use will have sufficient numbers and sizes of loading facilities. If a site plan or land development review is required, such information shall also be provided to the Planning Commission, who may advise the Zoning Officer.
B. 
Design and layout of loading facilities. Off-street loading facilities shall meet the following requirements:
(1) 
Each off-street loading space shall be at least:
Largest Type of Truck Intended
Minimum Width
(feet)
Minimum Length (feet)
Tractor-trailer
12 (except 11 if more than 10 such spaces on a lot)
40 (with 12 feet clear height)
Trucks other than tractor-trailers, pickups or vans
10
25
Pickup truck or van
9
18
(2) 
Each space shall have sufficient maneuvering room to avoid conflicts with parking and traffic movements within and outside of the lot. No facility shall be designed or used in such a manner that it threatens a safety hazard, public nuisance or a serious impediment to traffic off the lot.
(3) 
Each space and the needed maneuvering room shall be located such that it does not inhibit traffic on public streets and shall be located outside of required buffer areas and paved area setbacks. An appropriate means of access to a street shall be provided.
(4) 
Paving, grading and drainage. See § 445-55E.
C. 
Fire lanes and emergency access.
(1) 
Fire lanes shall be provided where required by state or federal regulations or other local ordinances. The specific locations of these lanes are subject to review by the City Fire Superintendent or his/her designated staff.
(2) 
All buildings shall have adequate access for emergency vehicles.