Township of Swatara, PA
Dauphin County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words shall, for the purpose of this chapter, have the meanings herein indicated:
ALLEY
A service way providing a secondary means of public access to abutting property and not intended for general traffic circulation.
APPLICANT
A landowner or developer, as hereinafter defined, who has filed an application for development including his heirs, successors and assigns.
APPLICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
Every application, whether preliminary, tentative or final required to be filed and approved prior to start of construction or development including but not limited to an application for a building permit, for the approval of a subdivision plat or plan or for the approval of a development plan.
BASE FLOOD ELEVATION
The one-hundred-year-flood elevation as indicated on the Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM), as revised, for the Township of Swatara, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, prepared by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Federal Insurance Administration.
BLOCK
An area bounded by streets.
BOARD
Any body granted jurisdiction under a land use ordinance or under this chapter to render final adjudications.
BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS
The Board of Commissioners of Swatara Township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania.
BUILDING
Any combination of materials forming any structure which is erected on the ground and permanently affixed thereto, designed, intended, or arranged for the housing, shelter, enclosure, or structural support of persons, animals, or property of any kind.
BUILDING SETBACK LINE
The line within a property defining the required minimum distance between any principal or accessory structure and the adjacent right-of-way, and the line defining side and rear yards, where required.
CARTWAY
That portion of a street or alley which is improved, designated or intended for vehicular use.
CHAIRMAN
The Chairman of the Swatara Township Planning Commission.
CLEAR SIGHT TRIANGLE
A triangular shaped portion of land established at street intersections in which nothing is erected, placed, planted or allowed to grow in such a manner as to limit or obstruct the sight distance of motorists entering or leaving the intersection. Refer to Chapter 441, "Access to and Occupancy of Highways by Driveways and Local Roads," as amended, a set of standards established by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
COMMISSION
The Swatara Township Planning Commission.
COMMON ELEMENTS
Land amenities, parts of buildings, central services and utilities, and any other elements and facilities owned and used by all unit owners and designated as common elements. These elements may include but are not limited to:
A. 
The land on which the building is located and portions of the building which are not included in a unit;
B. 
The foundation, structural parts, supports, main walls, roofs, basements, halls, corridors, lobbies, stairways and entrances and exits of the building;
C. 
The yards, parking area and driveways;
D. 
Portions of the land and building used exclusively for the management, operation or maintenance of the common elements;
E. 
Installations of all central services and utilities;
F. 
All other elements of the building necessary or convenient to its existence, management, operation, maintenance and safety or normally in common use; and
G. 
Such other facilities as are designated as common elements.
COMMON OPEN SPACE
A parcel or parcels of land or an area of water, or a combination of land and water within a development site and designed and intended for the use or enjoyment of residents of a development, not including streets, off-street parking areas, and areas set aside for public facilities.
CONDOMINIUM
Real estate, portions of which are designated for separate ownership and the remainder of which is designated for common ownership solely by the owners of those portions. Real estate is not a condominium unless the undivided interests in the common elements are vested in the unit owners.
CONDOMINIUM ASSOCIATION
The community association which administers and maintains the common property and common elements of a condominium.
COUNTY
County of Dauphin, Pennsylvania.
CROSSWALK
A right-of-way, publicly or privately owned, intended to furnish access of pedestrians.
CULVERT
A drain, or conduit not incorporated in a closed system, that carries drainage water under a driveway, roadway, railroad, pedestrian walk or public way.
CURB
A stone or concrete boundary usually marking the edge of the roadway or paved area.
CURB CUT
The opening along the curbline at which point vehicles may enter or leave the roadway.
CUT
An excavation, the difference between a point on the original ground and designated point of lower elevation on the final grade. Also, the material removed in excavation.
DECISION
Final adjudication of any board or other body granted jurisdiction under any land use ordinance or this chapter to do so, either by reason of the grant of exclusive jurisdiction or by reason of appeals from determinations. All decisions shall be appealable to the Court of Common Pleas of the county and judicial district wherein the Township lies.
DETERMINATION
Final action by an officer, body or agency charged with the administration of any land use ordinance or applications thereunder, except the following:
A. 
The Board of Commissioners;
B. 
The Zoning Hearing Board; or
C. 
The Planning Commission, only if and to the extent the Planning Commission is charged with final decision on preliminary or final plans under the subdivision and land development or planned residential development ordinances. Determinations shall be appealable only to the boards designated as having jurisdiction for such appeal.
DEVELOPER
Any landowner, agent of such landowner, or tenant with the permission of such landowner, who makes or causes to be made a subdivision of land or a land development.
DEVELOPMENT PLAN
The provisions for development including a planned residential development, a plat of subdivision, all covenants relating to use, location and bulk of buildings and other structures, intensity of use or density of development, streets, ways and parking facilities, common open space and public facilities. The phrase "provisions of development plan" when used in this chapter shall mean the written and graphic materials referred to in this definition.
A. 
Surface water runoff;
B. 
The removal of surface water or groundwater from land by drains, grading or other means which include runoff controls to minimize erosion and sedimentation during and after construction or development, the means for preserving the water supply and the prevention or alleviation of flooding.
DRAINAGE FACILITY
Any ditch, gutter, culvert, storm sewer or other structure designed, intended or constructed for the purpose of diverting surface waters from or carrying surface waters off streets, public rights-of-way, parks, recreational areas or any part of any subdivision or contiguous land areas.
DRAINAGE SYSTEM
Pipes, swales, natural features and man-made improvements designed to carry drainage.
DRIVEWAY
A private roadway providing access for vehicles to a parking space, garage, dwelling or other structure.
DWELLING
A single unit providing complete independent living facilities for one or more persons including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation.
DWELLING, EARTH-SHELTERED
Any completed building or structure that was designed to be built partially or wholly underground. A completed building or structure which was not intended to serve as a substructure or foundation for a building.
DWELLING, INDUSTRIALIZED HOUSING
Any structure designed primarily for residential occupancy, except a mobile home, which is wholly or in substantial part made, fabricated, formed or assembled in manufacturing facilities for installation or assembly and installation on the building site in such a manner that all concealed parts or processes of manufacture cannot be inspected at the site without disassembly, damage or destruction.
DWELLING, MOBILE HOME
A transportable, single-family dwelling intended for permanent occupancy, contained in one unit or in two or more units designed to be joined into one integral unit capable of again being separated for repeated towing, which arrives at a site complete and ready for occupancy except for minor and incidental unpacking and assembly operations, and constructed so that it may be used without a permanent foundation.
DWELLING, MULTIFAMILY
A building which is designed for three or more families living independently of each other and doing their own cooking, including apartment houses, row houses, or townhouses.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED (TOWNHOUSES)
A single-family dwelling attached to two or more one-family dwellings by common vertical walls.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED
A building which is designed for and occupied by not more than one family and surrounded by open space or yards and which is not attached to any other dwelling by any means, excluding mobile home dwellings.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY SEMIDETACHED
A building which is designed for one family, having one side yard, and one party wall in common with another dwelling.
DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY DETACHED (DUPLEX)
A building designed for use by two families with one dwelling unit arranged over the other and having two side yards.
DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY SEMIDETACHED (DOUBLE DUPLEX)
A building designed for use by two families, with one dwelling unit arranged over the other, having one side yard and one party wall in common with another building.
EASEMENT
A right-of-way granted for the limited use of land for public or quasi-public purposes.
ENGINEERING LAND SURVEYS
Surveys for:
A. 
The development of any tract of land including the incidental design of related improvements, such as line and grade extension of roads, sewers and grading but not requiring independent engineering judgment; provided, however, that tract perimeter surveys shall be the function of the professional land survey;
B. 
The determination of the configuration or contour of the earth's surface, or the position of fixed objects thereon or related thereto, by means of measuring lines and angles and applying the principles of mathematics, photogrammetry or other measurement methods;
C. 
Geodetic or cadastral survey, underground survey and hydrographic survey;
D. 
Sedimentation and erosion control surveys;
E. 
The determination of the quantities of materials;
F. 
Tests for water percolation in soils; and
G. 
The preparation of plans and specifications and estimates of proposed work as described herein.
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATIONS
The engineering specifications of the Township regulating the installation of any required improvements or for any facility installed by any owner, subject to public use.
ENGINEER, PROFESSIONAL
An individual licensed and registered under the laws of the commonwealth to engage in the practice of engineering. A professional engineer may not practice land surveying unless licensed as set forth in P.L. 534, No. 230;[1] however, a professional engineer may perform engineering land surveys.
ENGINEER, TOWNSHIP
A registered professional engineer in Pennsylvania designated by the Township to perform the duties of engineer as herein specified.
EROSION
The detachment and movement of soil or rock fragments or the wearing away of the land surface by water, wind, ice and gravity.
EXCAVATION
Any act by which earth, sand, gravel, rock or any other similar material is dug into, cut, quarried, uncovered, removed, displaced, relocated or bulldozed. It shall include the conditions resulting therefrom.
EXISTING GRADE
The vertical location of the ground surface prior to excavation or filling.
FILL
Any act by which earth, sand, gravel, rock or any other material is placed, pushed, dumped, pulled, transported or moved to a new location above the natural surface of the ground or on top of the stripped surface and shall include the conditions resulting therefrom. The difference in elevation between a point on the original ground and a designated point of higher elevation on the final ground. The material used to make a fill.
FINISHED GRADE
The proposed elevation of the land surface of a site after completion of all site preparation work.
FLOOD
A temporary inundation of normally dry land areas.
FLOOD, BASE (ONE-HUNDRED-YEAR FLOOD)
A flood that, on the average, is likely to occur once every 100 years (i.e., that has a one-percent chance of occurring each year, although the flood may occur in any year).
FLOOD-FRINGE
That portion of the floodplain outside the floodway.
FLOOD HAZARD, AREAS OF SPECIAL
The land in the floodplain within a community subject to a one-percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year.
FLOOD HAZARD BOUNDARY MAP (FHBM)
An official map of a community, issued by the Federal Insurance Administration.
A. 
A relatively flat or low land area adjoining a river, stream or watercourse which is subject to partial or complete inundation;
B. 
An area subject to the unusual and rapid accumulation or runoff of surface waters from any source.
FLOODPROOFING
Any combination of structural and nonstructural additions, changes or adjustments to proposed and existing structures which reduces or eliminates flood damage to real estate or improved real property, water and sanitary facilities, structures and their contents.
FLOODWAY
The designated area of a floodplain required to carry and discharge floodwaters of a given magnitude. For the purposes of this chapter, the floodway shall be capable of accommodating a flood of the one-hundred-year magnitude.
A. 
Right-of-way width required for the expansion of existing streets to accommodate anticipated future traffic loads;
B. 
A right-of-way established to provide future access to or through undeveloped land.
GOVERNING BODY
The Board of Commissioners of Swatara Township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania.
GRADE, EXISTING
See definition of "existing grade."
GRADE, FINISHED
See definition of "finished grade."
IDENTIFIED FLOODPLAIN AREA OR DISTRICT
Those floodplain areas specifically designated in Chapter 295, Zoning, as being inundated by the one-hundred-year flood. Included would be areas identified as the Floodway (FW) and the Flood-Fringe (FF).
IMPROVEMENTS
Any man-made, immovable item which becomes part of, placed upon, or is affixed to, real estate.
LAND DEVELOPMENT
Any of the following activities:
A. 
The improvement of one lot or two or more contiguous lots, tracts or parcels of land for any purpose involving:
(1) 
A group of two or more residential or nonresidential buildings, whether proposed initially or cumulatively, or a single nonresidential building on a lot or lots regardless of the number of occupants or tenure; or
(2) 
The division or allocation of land or space, whether initially or cumulatively, between or among two or more existing or prospective occupants by means of, or for the purpose of, streets, common areas, leaseholds, condominiums, building groups or other features.
B. 
A subdivision of land.
C. 
"Land development" does not include development which involves:
(1) 
The conversion of an existing single-family detached dwelling or single-family semidetached dwelling into not more than three residential units, unless such units are intended to be a condominium;
(2) 
The addition of an accessory building, including farm building, on a lot or lots subordinate to an existing principal building; or
(3) 
The addition or conversion of buildings or rides within the confines of an enterprise which would be considered an amusement park. For the purposes of this subsection, an "amusement park" is defined as a tract or area used principally as a location for permanent amusement structures or rides. This exclusion shall not apply to newly acquired acreage by an amusement park until initial plans for the expanded area have been approved by the proper authorities.
LANDOWNER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of land including the holder of an option or contract to purchase (whether or not such option or contract is subject to any condition), a lessee if he is authorized under the lease to exercise the rights of the landowner, or other person having a proprietary interest in land, shall be deemed to be a landowner for the purpose of this chapter.
LOT
A designated parcel, tract or area of land established by a plat or otherwise as permitted by law and to be used, developed or built upon as a unit.
LOT AREA
The area contained within the property lines of a lot as shown on a subdivision plan excluding space within any rights-of-way, but including the area of any easement.
LOT, DOUBLE FRONTAGE
An interior lot having frontage on two streets.
LOT, REVERSE FRONTAGE
A lot extending between and having frontage on an arterial street and a minor street, and with vehicular access solely from the latter.
MASTER DEED
A legal instrument under which title to real estate is conveyed or by which a condominium is created and established.
MOBILE HOME DWELLING
See definition of "dwelling, mobile home."
MOBILE HOME LOT
A parcel of land in a mobile home park, improved with the necessary utility connections and other appurtenances necessary for the erection thereon of a single mobile home.
MOBILE HOME PARK
A parcel or contiguous parcels of land which has been so designated and improved that it contains two or more mobile home lots for the placement thereon of mobile homes.
MUNICIPAL AUTHORITY
Municipal Authority of the Township of Swatara.
OPEN SPACE, COMMON
See definition of "common open space."
OPEN SPACE, PUBLIC
Open space owned by a public agency and maintained by it for the use and enjoyment of the general public.
PERSON
Any individual or group of individuals, partnership, copartnership or corporation.
PLAN, COMPREHENSIVE
The Development Policy Plan (Master Plan) and/or Future Land Use Plan and/or Official Map or other such plans, or portions thereof, as may be adopted, pursuant to statute, for the area of the Township in which the subdivision or land development is located.
PLANNING COMMISSION
Swatara Township Planning Commission, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania.
PLAN, SKETCH
An informal plan or plat, not necessarily to exact scale, indicating salient existing features of a tract and its surroundings and the general layout of a proposed subdivision or land development.
PLAT, FINAL
A complete and exact subdivision or land development plan, prepared for official recording as required by statute, to define property rights and proposed streets and other improvements and meeting all of the requirements contained in this and other related ordinances, including, but not limited to, Chapter 295, Zoning, hereof.
PLAT, PRELIMINARY
A tentative subdivision or land development plan, in lesser detail than a final plan, showing approximate proposed street and lot layout as a basis for consideration prior to preparation of a final plan.
PRINCIPAL BUILDING or PRINCIPAL USE
The basic purpose for which a building or land area is occupied or intended to be occupied as opposed to accessory or incidental uses; usually classifiable as residential, commercial, manufacturing or public in nature.
PRIVATE ROAD
A legally established right-of-way, other than a public street, which provides the primary pedestrian and vehicular access to one or more lots and constructed to the design standards contained in this chapter.
PROFILE LINE
The profile of the center line of the finished surface of the street, which shall be midway between the side lines of the street.
PUBLIC GROUNDS
Includes:
A. 
Parks, playgrounds, trails, paths and other recreational areas and other public areas;
B. 
Sites for schools, sewage treatment, refuse disposal and other publicly owned or operated facilities; and
C. 
Publicly owned or operated scenic and historic sites.
PUBLIC HEARING
A formal meeting held pursuant to public notice by the Board of Commissioners or Planning Commission, intended to inform and obtain public comment, prior to taking action in accordance with this chapter.
PUBLIC MEETING
A forum held pursuant to notice under the Act of July 3, 1986 (P.L. 388, No. 84), known as the "Sunshine Act," 65 P.S. § 271 et seq.[2]
PUBLIC NOTICE
Notice published once each week for two successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the Township. Such notice shall state the time and place of the hearing and the particular nature of the matter to be considered at the hearing. The first publication shall not be more than 30 days and the second publication shall not be less than seven days from the date of the hearing.
REAL ESTATE
Any fee, leasehold or other estate or interest in, over or under land, including structures, fixtures and other improvements and interests which by custom, usage or law pass with a conveyance of land though not described in the contract of sale or instrument of conveyance. Real estate includes parcels with or without upper or lower boundaries and spaces that may be filled with air or water.
REPORT
Any letter, review, memorandum, compilation or similar writing made by any body, board, officer or consultant other than a solicitor to any other body, board, officer or consultant for the purpose of assisting the recipient of such report in the rendering of any decision or determination. All reports shall be deemed recommendatory and advisory only and shall not be binding upon the recipient, board, officer, body or agency, nor shall any appeal lie therefrom. Any report used, received or considered by the body, board, officer or agency rendering a determination or decision shall be made available for inspection to the applicant and all other parties to any proceeding upon request, and copies thereof shall be provided at cost of reproduction.
RESERVE STRIP
A strip of land adjacent to a street intended to control access to the street from an adjacent property.
REVERSE FRONTAGE LOT
See definition of "lot, reverse frontage."
RIGHT-OF-WAY, STREET
A public thoroughfare for vehicular traffic and/or pedestrian traffic, whether designated as a street, highway, thoroughfare, parkway, road, avenue, boulevard, lane, alley or however designated.
RUNOFF
The surface water discharge or rate of discharge of a given watershed after a fall of rain or snow that does not enter the soil but runs off the surface of the land.
SANITARY SEWER (PUBLIC)
A sanitary sewage collection method in which sewage is carried from the site by a system of pipes to a central treatment and disposal plant.
SEDIMENTATION
The process by which mineral or organic matter is accumulated or deposited by wind, water or gravity. Once this matter is deposited (or remains suspended in water), it is usually referred to as "sediment."
SEPTIC SYSTEM
An underground system with a septic tank used for the decomposition of domestic wastes. Also referred to as an "on-lot system."
SERVICE DRIVE (PRIVATE)
A service way providing a secondary means of private access to abutting property and not intended for general traffic circulation.
SETBACK LINE
See definition of "building setback line."
SHADOW ANALYSIS
A graphic representation of shadows cast by nature, landscaping, screening and structures plotted with regard to topography, slope and direction at 9:00 a.m., 12:00 noon and 3:00 p.m. on the date of the winter solstice.
SIDEWALK
A paved, surfaced or leveled area, paralleling and usually separated from the street, used as a pedestrian walkway.
SIGHT DISTANCE
The length of roadway visible to the driver of a passenger vehicle at any given point on the roadway when the view is unobstructed by traffic.
SLOPE
The face of an embankment or cut section; any ground whose surface makes an angle with the plane of the horizon. Slopes are usually expressed in a percentage based upon vertical difference in feet per 100 feet of horizontal distance.
SOIL STABILIZATION
Chemical or structural treatment of a mass of soil to increase or maintain its stability or otherwise to improve its engineering properties.
SOLAR ENERGY
Radiant energy (direct, diffuse or reflected) received from the sun at wave lengths suitable for conversion into thermal, chemical or electrical energy.
SOLAR ENERGY COLLECTOR
Any device, structure or part of a device or structure which is used primarily to transform solar energy into thermal, chemical or electrical energy, including any space or structural component specifically designed to retain heat derived from solar energy.
SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM
A complete design or assembly consisting of a solar energy collector, an energy storage facility (where appropriate) and components for the distribution of transformed energy to the extent that they cannot be used jointly with a conventional energy system. Passive solar energy systems which use the natural properties of materials and architectural components to collect and store solar energy without using any external mechanical power are included in this definition if they do not fulfill structural or other functions.
SOLAR SKYSPACE
The space between a given location and the sun which must remain unobstructed between 9:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. mean solar time on the date of the winter solstice in order to permit sufficient solar energy to impinge on that location to allow efficient solar utilization.
SOLAR SKYSPACE EASEMENT
A right, expressed as an easement, covenant or condition or other property interest in any deed or other instrument executed by or on behalf of any landlord which protects the solar skyspace of an actual, proposed or designated solar energy collector at a described location by forbidding or limiting activities or land uses that interfere with access to solar energy. The solar skyspace may be described as a three-dimensional space in which an obstruction is prohibited or limited, or as the times of day during which direct sunlight to the solar energy combination of the two methods.
STORMWATER DETENTION
Any storm drainage technique that retards or detains runoff, such as detention or retention basins, parking lot storage, rooftop storage, porous pavement, dry wells or any combination thereof.
STREAM
A watercourse having a source and terminus, banks and channel through which waters flow at least periodically.
STREET
Includes street, avenue, boulevard, road, highway, freeway, parkway, lane, alley, viaduct or any other ways used or intended to be used by vehicular traffic or pedestrians whether public or private.
A. 
A street or highway which carries large volumes of traffic at comparatively high speed with access at designated points and not from abutting properties.
B. 
A street or highway with fast or heavy traffic volumes of considerable continuity and used primarily as a traffic artery for intercommunications among large areas.
C. 
A street or highway which carries traffic from minor streets to the major system of arterial streets, including principal entrance streets of a residential, commercial or industrial development and streets for major circulation with such developments.
D. 
A street used primarily for access to abutting properties.
E. 
A street which is parallel and adjacent to limited access highways or arterial streets and which provides access to abutting properties and protection from through traffic.
F. 
A street open at one end for vehicular and pedestrian access with the opposite end terminating in a vehicular turnaround.
STREET GRADE
The officially established grade of the street upon which a lot fronts or in its absence the established grade of the other streets upon which the lot abuts, at the midpoint of the frontage of the lot thereon. If there is no officially established grade, the existing grade of the street at such midpoint shall be taken as the street grade.
STREET WIDTH
The shortest distance between the lines delineating the right-of-way of a street.
STRUCTURE
Any man-made object having an ascertainable stationary location on or in land or water, whether or not affixed to the land.
SUBDIVIDER
The owner or authorized agent of the owner of a lot, tract or parcel of land to be subdivided for sale or development under the terms of this chapter.
SUBDIVISION
The division or redivision of a lot, tract or parcel of land by any means into two or more lots, tracts, parcels or other divisions of land including changes in existing lot lines for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of lease, partition by the court for distribution to heirs or devisees, transfer of ownership or building or lot development; provided, however, that the subdivision by lease of land for agricultural purposes into parcels of more than 10 acres, not involving any new street or easement of access or any residential dwelling, shall be exempted.
A. 
Any subdivision involving more than six lots, parcels of land or other divisions of land whether or not they involve new streets, additional utilities or other facilities immediate or future.
B. 
The subdivision of a single lot, tract or parcel of land into six or fewer lots, tracts or parcels of land, for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of transfer of ownership or of building development, providing lots, tracts or parcels of land thereby created have frontage on an improved public street or streets and providing further that there is not created by the subdivision any new street, street easement, easements of access or need therefor.
SUBSTANTIALLY COMPLETED
Where, in the judgment of the Township Engineer, at least 90% (based on the cost of the required improvements for which financial security was posted pursuant to the requirements of this chapter) of those improvements required as a condition for final approval have been completed in accordance with the approved plat, so that the project will be able to be used, occupied or operated for its intended use.
SURFACE DRAINAGE PLAN
A plan showing all present and proposed grades and facilities for stormwater drainage.
SURVEYOR, PROFESSIONAL LAND
An individual licensed and registered under the laws of this commonwealth to engage in the practice of land surveying. A professional land surveyor may perform engineering land surveys but may not practice any other branch of engineering.
SWALE
A low-lying stretch of land characterized as a depression used to carry surface water runoff.
TOPOGRAPHIC MAP
A map showing the elevations of the ground by contours or elevations.
TOPOGRAPHY
The configuration of a surface area showing relative elevations.
TOPSOIL
Surface soils and subsurface soils which presumably are fertile soils and soil material, ordinarily high in organic matter or humus debris. Topsoil is usually found in the uppermost soil layer called the "A Horizon."
TOWNSHIP
The Township of Swatara, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, Board of Commissioners, its agents or authorized representatives.
UNDEVELOPED LAND
Any lot, tract or parcel of land which has not been graded to in any other manner prepared for the construction of a building.
UNIT
Means a part of the property, structure or building designed or intended for any type of independent use, which has direct exit to a public street or way or to an easement or right-of-way leading to a public street or way, and includes a proportionate undivided interest in the common elements, which is assigned to the property, structure or building.
A. 
Any agency which under public franchise or ownership, or under certificate of convenience and necessity, provides the public with electricity, gas, heat, steam, cable television, communication, rail transportation, water, sewage collection or other similar service.
B. 
A closely regulated private enterprise with an exclusive franchise for providing a public service.
WATERCOURSE
A permanent stream, intermittent stream, river, brook, creek or a channel or ditch for water, whether natural or man-made.
WATER SURVEY
An inventory of the source, quantity, yield and use of groundwater and surface water resources within the Township.
WIND-ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM (WECS)
A device which converts wind energy to mechanical or electrical energy.
WIND ROTOR
The blades, plus hub to which the blades are attached, that are used to capture wind for the purpose of energy conversion. The wind rotor is generally used on a pole or tower and, along with other generating and electrical storage equipment, forms a wind-energy conversion system.
[1]
Editor's Note: See now 63 P.S. § 148 et seq.
[2]
Editor's Note: Said Act was repealed 10-15-1998 by P.L. 729, No. 93. See now 65 Pa.C.S.A. § 701 et seq.