§ 265-39Accessory uses and structures.
§ 265-40Yard and lot requirements.
§ 265-41Outdoor sign regulations.
§ 265-51Storage of recreational and commercial
vehicles in residential districts.
§ 265-52Outdoor storage.
§ 265-53Trash or junk.
§ 265-54Abandoned vehicles.
§ 265-55Off-street parking requirements.
§ 265-56Off-street loading requirements.
§ 265-57Access drives.
§ 265-60Habitable floor area.
§ 265-61Number of principal uses on a
§ 265-62Impervious area.
§ 265-63Sight distance.
§ 265-64Street access.
§ 265-65Water supply.
§ 265-66Grading requirements.
§ 265-67Temporary structures for dwelling
§ 265-69Landscaping, buffer and screen
§ 265-70Environmental performance standards.
§ 265-71Exceptions for public utility
§ 265-71.1Clear sight triangles.
The provisions of this chapter shall be subject to such exceptions, additions or modifications as herein provided by the following supplementary regulations.
Residential accessory structures.
An accessory structure sharing a common wall with a principal residence shall be considered as part of the principal structure and shall comply with all of its respective principal use setbacks listed in the extent-of-use Schedule,
Residential accessory structures shall comply with the following design standards.
|Permitted Accessory Structure||Maximum Permitted Size||Minimum Front Setback||Minimum Side Setbacks||Minimum Rear Setback||Maximum Permitted Height|
|One detached accessory shed per lot, excluding garages||240 square feet5||Not permitted in front yard unless set back no less than 100 feet from street line||6 feet||6 feet||15 feet|
|One detached garage||900 square feet5||Not permitted in front yard unless set back no less than 100 feet from street line||6 feet||6 feet||20 feet|
|One swimming pool1 and/or one tennis court2 per lot||N/A||Not permitted in front yard unless set back no less than 100 feet from street line||10 feet||10 feet||10 feet for sliding boards and tennis court fences|
|Fences and walls3||N/A||No fence or wall shall be located within a street right-of-way, nor within a clear-sight triangle as listed in § 265-71.1||0 feet||0 feet||3 feet in front yard; 6 feet in side and rear yards|
|Permitted signs4||See § 265-41||Height of sign||10 feet|
|1 Swimming pools have additional requirements listed in § 265-39C.|
|2 Tennis courts have additional requirements listed in § 265-39F.|
|3 Fences and walls have additional requirements listed in § 265-39D.|
|4 Signs have additional requirements listed in § 265-41.|
|5 A detached accessory shed is permitted to be larger than 240 square feet by special exception if the applicant can demonstrate to the Zoning Hearing Board that the intended purpose of the larger shed is for a valid residential accessory purpose and that total lot coverage devoted to residential accessory buildings does not exceed that devoted to the principal residence.|
|6 A detached garage is permitted to be larger than 900 square feet by special exception if the applicant can demonstrate to the Zoning Hearing Board that the intended purpose of the larger garage is for a valid residential accessory purpose and that total lot coverage devoted to residential accessory buildings does not exceed that devoted to the principal residence.|
Nonresidential accessory structures. Unless specified elsewhere in this chapter, all public, quasi-public, commercial, industrial and farming accessory structures shall comply with their respective principal use setbacks listed in the extent-of-use Schedule,
Outdoor swimming pools, ponds and man-made lakes. Every outdoor swimming pool, ornamental pond or wading pool, outdoor spa or whirlpool, man-made lake, dam or impoundment, excluding stormwater management basins, must conform to all applicable requirements of Chapter 174, Ponds, of the York Township Code and, in addition, must comply with the following requirements:
Outdoor swimming pools.
The pool must be completely surrounded by a fence or wall not less than four feet in height, which shall be so constructed as to have openings, holes or gaps not larger than four inches in any dimension; and if a picket fence is erected or maintained, the horizontal or vertical dimension of space between pickets shall not exceed four inches. Should the wall of the pool be above ground and a fence be attached to the top of the pool wall, the height of the required fence may be reduced so that the total height of the wall of the pool and the attached fence shall be not less than four feet. All gates or doors opening through such enclosure shall be equipped with a self-closing and self-latching device for keeping the gate or door securely closed at all times when not in actual use. In addition, all access ladders must be detached and removed or be elevated above the ground so as to prohibit access when not in use.
No swimming pool shall be located within the front yard unless it is set back at least 100 feet from the street line.
All swimming pools (including adjoining decking and sidewalk) shall be set back a minimum of 10 feet from the nearest side lot line and 10 feet from the nearest rear lot line.
An approved temporary construction fence shall be erected around the excavation site during the construction of an in-ground pool and shall remain in place until the permanent fence is installed.
Water shall not be placed into a swimming pool until a certificate of use and occupancy has been issued.
No swimming pool shall occupy more than 25% of the lot area.
Floodlighting or other illumination used in conjunction with any swimming pool shall be shielded and directed away from adjacent properties.
No swimming pool with a capacity of 10,000 gallons or more shall be constructed or installed unless the Township Engineer has certified that the drainage of such pool is adequate and will not interfere with any domestic water facilities, any sanitary sewage facilities, any streets or any neighboring properties.
Ornamental ponds and wading pools.
No such pond/pool shall contain more than 3,500 gallons of water (7.5 gallons per each cubic foot of water). Any pond/pool that contains more than 3,500 gallons shall comply with those requirements listed in the following Subsection C(3) of this section.
Any pond/pool that is located within 50 feet of the edge of an existing streambank or riverbank, within the General Floodplain District and/or within a wetland, shall require state and/or federal approval from the appropriate agencies prior to approval of any building permit.
Such pond/pool shall comply with the following minimum setbacks:
Ten feet from a street right-of-way line.
Six feet from the closest side lot line.
Six feet from the rear lot line.
Twenty-five feet from the septic tank of any on-lot sewage disposal system.
Fifty feet from the closest point of any absorption area of an on-lot sewage disposal system.
No such pond/pool shall have a water depth exceeding two feet nor a width or diameter exceeding 15 feet.
No such pond/pool shall be used for the commercial hatching of fish or other species.
All such ponds/pools shall be maintained so as not to pose a nuisance by reason of odor nor the harboring of insects.
Manmade lakes, dams and impoundments.
Any dam, lake or impoundment that is located within 50 feet of the edge of an existing streambank or riverbank, within the General Floodplain District and/or within a wetland shall require state and/or federal approval from the appropriate agencies prior to approval of any building permit.
All dams, lakes and impoundments, excluding stormwater management basins, shall comply with the following minimum setbacks:
Fencing shall be used to protect the shoreline of all dams, lakes and impoundments from trampling by livestock.
All dams, lakes and impoundments shall be regularity maintained, and any floating debris shall be removed from all pipes and spillways.
Outdoor spas and whirlpools.
Such spa or whirlpool may not be erected or installed in any required minimum front, side or rear building setback.
The spa or whirlpool shall not be located closer to the front of the lot than the front wall of the principal building.
The spa or whirlpool shall be secured from unauthorized access by means of a lockable door, gate, cover or similar control device.
Floodlighting or other illumination used in conjunction with any spa or whirlpool shall be shielded and directed away from adjacent properties.
Fences and walls.
Upon a property of a principal residence, no fence or wall (except a retaining wall or a wall of a building permitted under the terms of this chapter) shall be erected to a height of more than three feet in any front yard, nor more than six feet in any other yard unless authorized by special exception. Permitted height shall include barbed wire on top of the fence or wall, if provided. Upon property devoted to commercial or industrial use, no fence or wall shall exceed an overall height of 10 feet, including any barbed wire atop the fence/wall.
Fences surrounding tennis courts may be erected to a height not exceeding 10 feet, subject to the further requirements of Subsection F.
No fence or wall shall be constructed which would obstruct a required clear sight triangle.
No retaining wall shall be constructed without satisfactory drainage provision or at a height exceeding six feet unless a continuous four-foot high protecting fence is provided on top within one foot of the wall edge. In lieu of the required fence, alternate treatment may be approved by the Zoning Officer.
The finished side of the fence shall face the adjoining property or public right-of-way.
Domestic pets. Within any dwelling unit, the noncommercial keeping of no more than a total of four adult (older than six months) nonfarm animals, that are locally available for purchase as pets, is a permitted accessory use. Any exterior pens or buildings for such animals shall comply with the applicable setbacks listed in Subsection A. For uses involving more animals, refer to the definitions of "kennel," "noncommercial keeping of livestock," "agriculture," and "intensive agricultural operations."
Tennis courts. Tennis courts are permitted accessory uses in all Residential and Office Professional Zoning Districts, subject to the following:
No facility shall be permitted unless it is protected by a permanent, open mesh, chain link fence 10 feet in height behind each baseline extending a minimum of 10 feet beyond the playing area in each direction.
Any such facility, including fence, shall conform to all minimum setbacks.
No facility, including fence, shall be located within the front yard unless it is located at least 100 feet from the street right-of-way line.
If lighting is provided, it shall be arranged so that there is no objectionable glare on adjoining properties.
Microwave antennas for satellite communication. Satellite antennas are permitted accessory structures in all zoning districts, subject to the following:
Antennas shall be installed in accordance with manufacturer's specifications and shall not exceed 12 feet in diameter. They may be located only in rear or side yards or on the roof of a building and must adhere to the specified setback requirements for the zoning district in which they are located.
Ground-mounted antennas shall not exceed 15 feet in height.
Roof-mounted antennas are subject to the requirements of Subsection F(2), except that they may not project more than 10 feet above the roofline.
Wind energy conversion systems. The Zoning Hearing Board may approve wind energy conversion systems in F-O and I Districts according to the procedures and requirements specified below:
One windmill or windwheel shall be permitted per property.
The structure supporting the wind rotor unit, including any required supporting cables, shall not be connected to any occupied structure and shall be located a minimum distance of the wind rotor unit tower height, plus 10 feet, from any occupied dwelling.
The maximum height of the wind rotor and tower shall be determined as follows:
|Maximum Tower Height (feet)||Minimum Distance From All Property Lines (feet)|
|35||75 to 85|
|40||86 to 95|
|45||96 to 100|
|50 to 70||More than 100|
The tower height may be increased from 50 feet up to a maximum of 70 feet, with the provision of one additional foot of setback from 101 feet for each foot of height above 50 feet.
All mechanical equipment and buildings associated with the operation shall conform to all minimum building setbacks and shall be enclosed with a six-foot fence. The tower shall also be enclosed with a six-foot fence, unless the base of the tower is not climbable for a distance of 12 feet.
When a building is required for storage cells or related mechanical equipment, the building may not exceed 150 square feet in area nor 8 feet in height and must be located at least 75 feet from any property line.
All electric and other utility wires associated with the wind energy conversion system shall be buried underground.
The applicant shall demonstrate that any noise emanating from the wind energy conversion system shall not exceed 60 decibels measured at the nearest property line.
If the wind energy conversion unit is abandoned from use, the tower and related structures shall be dismantled and removed from the property within 90 days.
The energy generated from the wind energy conversion system shall be used on the property on which it is located and shall not be operated as a commercial enterprise.
On corner lots, all yards abutting a street shall be considered front yards. The rear yard of a corner lot shall be that area contained between the principal structure and the property line directly opposite the street of address. The side yard of a corner lot shall be that area between the principal structure and the property line directly opposite the nonaddress street. See the following diagram for a graphic illustration of this Section.
Cornices, canopies (but excluding canopies over fuel dispensing facilities), eaves or other architectural features may project into required side yard setbacks a distance not exceeding two inches per one foot of side yard width but may not exceed a total of three feet.
Bay windows, balconies, fireplaces, uncovered stairways and necessary landings and chimneys may project a distance not exceeding three feet into a required side yard setback.
Patios, paved terraces and unroofed decks may be located in rear yards, provided that they do not extend closer than 25 feet from any property line. In case of a corner lot, no such structures shall extend into the required front yard adjoining each street.
Purpose. The purposes of these sign regulations are:
Sign permits. Signs may be erected, placed, established, created, altered or maintained only in conformance with the standards, procedures, exemptions and other requirements of this section and any and all other ordinances and regulations relating to signs and similar devices. Zoning permits will be required for the erection, placement, establishment, creation or alteration of all signs unless otherwise indicated in this section. Zoning permits for signs shall be required in accordance with the following:
Applications for permits to erect, alter or modify permanent signs shall be made to the Zoning Officer.
It shall be unlawful to commence the erection of any permanent sign or to commence the moving or alteration of any permanent sign until the Zoning Officer has issued a sign permit for such work.
In applying to the Zoning Officer for a sign permit, the applicant shall submit a dimensional sketch or scale plan indicating the shape, size, height and location of all signs to be erected, altered or moved; supply evidence that the proposed sign will not create a sight obstruction; and supply such other information as may be required by the Zoning Officer for determining whether the provisions of this section are being observed. If the proposed sign as set forth in the application is in conformity with the provisions of this section and other ordinances of the Township then in force, the Zoning Officer shall issue a sign permit for such sign. If the sign permit is refused, the Zoning Officer shall state such refusal in writing with the cause and shall immediately thereupon mail notice of such refusal to the applicant at the address indicated in the application. The Zoning Officer shall grant or deny the permit within 15 days from the date the application is submitted. The issuance of a permit shall, in no case, be construed as waiving any provisions of this section.
The Board of Commissioners shall set fees by resolution for sign permits, including required bonds to be posted, as deemed necessary, for temporary signs, banners, pennants, balloons and similar objects.
Computations. The following regulations shall control the computation of total sign area and sign height:
Computation of sign area of individual signs. Sign area shall be measured on the smallest square, triangle, rectangle, circle or other regular geometric shape, and/or combination thereof, that encompasses the extreme limits of the writing, representation, emblem or other display, together with any material or color forming an integral part of the background of the display or used to differentiate the sign from the backdrop or structure against which it is placed, but not including any supporting bracing or decorative fence or wall when such fence or wall otherwise meets regulations of this section and is clearly incidental to the display itself. Where the sign consists of individual letters or symbols attached to a building, wall or window, the area of the sign shall be considered to be that of the smallest regular geometric shape, or combination of shapes, that encompasses all of the letters and symbols.
Computation of sign area of double-faced signs. In computing sign area of a double-faced sign, only one side shall be considered, provided that:
Computation of sign height. The height of a sign shall be computed as the distance from the base of the sign at normal grade to the top of the highest attached component of the sign. "Normal grade" shall be construed to be the grade after construction, exclusive of any filling, berming, mounding or excavating solely for the purpose of locating and/or supporting the sign.
Design, construction and maintenance. All signs shall be designed, constructed and maintained in accordance with the following standards:
All signs shall comply with applicable provisions of any building and electrical codes as adopted by the Township.
Except for banners, flags, temporary signs and window signs conforming in all respects with the requirements of this section, all signs shall be constructed of permanent materials and shall be permanently attached to the ground, a building or another structure by direct attachment to a rigid wall, frame or structure. No signs shall be painted on, attached to or supported by a street sign or street light standard, stone, cliff or other natural object.
Signs must be constructed of durable material and maintained in good condition.
No sign shall be maintained within the Township in such a state of disrepair as to have the appearance of complete neglect, which is rotting or falling down, which is illegible or has loose parts separated from original fastenings.
Whenever a sign becomes structurally unsafe or endangers the safety of the building or premises, or endangers the public safety, the Zoning Officer shall give written notice to the owner of the premises on which the sign is located that such sign be made safe or removed within five days. Should the sign remain after said five-day period, the Zoning Officer may have the sign removed at the expense of the property owner.
Advertising painted upon or displayed upon a barn or other building or structure shall be regarded as a "flat wall sign" and the regulations pertaining thereto shall apply.
Each sign shall be removed when the circumstances leading to its erection no longer apply. Any sign which advertises business, service or other goods or activities no longer in existence on the premises shall be removed within 90 days of the termination of or change in use of the business or service. Such sign shall be removed by the persons responsible for the erection and/or maintenance thereof. After the ninety-day time period has elapsed, the Zoning Officer shall notify the property owner that the subject sign(s) must be removed within 30 days after receipt of said notice. If such persons fail or refuse to remove such sign(s) after the notice aforesaid, the Zoning Officer may remove the signs at the expense of the property owner.
Signs may be interior lighted with nonglaring lights or may be illuminated by floodlights or spotlights that are shielded so there is no direct light transmitted to other properties or public rights-of-way. Such lighting must comply with § 265.16A(6) of this chapter. Any lighted sign that becomes damaged shall be turned off until timely repairs are made.
No signs (except warning lights related to emergency services, clocks, hanging signs that swing in normal air currents, time and temperature signs and barber poles) shall incorporate in any manner:
Any flashing or moving illumination.
Illumination which varies in intensity or color.
Any visible moving part, visible revolving parts or visible mechanical movement of any description.
Any other apparent visible movement achieved by electrical pulsations or by nonswinging movements caused by normal wind currents.
No sign located within 300 feet of any traffic light shall be illuminated with red, green or yellow lights or neon tubing.
No sign, by reason of size, location, content, coloring or manner or intensity of illumination, shall distract or obstruct the vision of drivers, either when leaving a roadway or driveway, or obstruct or detract from the visibility or effectiveness of any traffic sign or control device on public streets and roads.
No signs may use the words such as "Stop," "Look," "One-Way," "Danger," "Yield" or any similar words, phrases, symbols, lights or characters in such a manner as to interfere with, mislead or confuse traffic.
Except in the case of billboards, all signs must relate to a use that is located and/or conducted within York Township.
Except as noted below, no signs shall be placed upon public property or public rights-of-way. Any sign installed or placed on public property and/or within public rights-of-way shall be forfeited to the public and subject to confiscation. In addition to other remedies hereunder, the Township shall have the right to recover from the owner or person placing such a sign the full costs of removal and storage/disposal of such sign. Such signs shall only be erected with the permission of the Township.
Permanent signs erected by or on behalf of a governmental body to post legal notices, identify public property, convey public information and direct or regulate pedestrian or vehicular traffic.
Bus stop signs erected by a public transit company.
Information signs of a public utility regarding its poles, lines, pipes or facilities.
Temporary signs erected by or on behalf of a governmental body to post legal notices, convey public information and direct or regulate pedestrian or vehicular traffic.
Emergency warning signs erected by a governmental agency, a public utility company or a contractor doing authorized or permitted work within the public right-of-way.
Any sign which has been nonconforming or becomes nonconforming as a result of the enactment or amendment of this section may be continued in accordance with the following requirements:
Repairs may be made to a nonconforming sign.
A nonconforming sign may not be altered or reconstructed if destroyed or damaged by fire, explosion, windstorm, lightning or similar causes to an extent exceeding 50% of its value.
A nonconforming sign which is destroyed less than 50% of its value may be reconstructed and used for the same purposes, provided that the reconstruction of the sign has commenced within 120 days from the date of the destruction or damaging of the sign and is carried to completion without undue delay.
New signs or changes to existing signs for businesses existing as nonconforming uses may be permitted as a special exception by the Zoning Hearing Board under the listed regulations, and the Zoning Hearing Board may attach certain conditions to its approval which it feels are necessary in order to preserve the character of the district in which the proposed sign would be located.
Billboards (advertising signs). Within the C-H and I Districts, billboards are permitted by special exception, subject to the following criteria:
No billboard shall be located within 1,000 feet of another billboard.
All billboards shall be a minimum of 50 feet from all side and rear property lines.
All billboards shall be set back at least 35 feet from any street right-of-way lines.
All billboards shall be set back at least 100 feet from any land within a F-O, RL3, RM5 and R1-19 District and/or existing residence.
No billboard shall obstruct the view of motorists on adjoining roads or the view of adjoining commercial or industrial uses which depend upon visibility for identification.
No billboard shall exceed an overall size of 300 square feet nor exceed 25 feet in height.
All properties upon which a billboard is erected shall be regularly maintained so as not to create a nuisance by means of weeds, litter or vector habitation.
On a lot in a residential district, recreation vehicles (including but not limited to trailers, trailer campers, boats, and motor homes) and commercial vehicles must be parked/stored as follows:
Parking or storage of recreational vehicles and commercial vehicles greater than 25 feet in length is permitted at any time within a garage, carport or an enclosed storage structure.
No commercial vehicle, truck or trailer (or similar equipment which cannot move under its own power) shall regularly be parked or stored within any of the required setbacks for any yards for a continuous period of more than 24 hours.
Parking or storage of a recreational vehicle is permitted outside only in the side yard, the rear yard or partially in both, provided that:
While parked or stored, a recreation vehicle shall not be:
Used or occupied for dwelling purposes, except for sleeping by visitors of the owner or occupant of the lot for a period not exceeding 14 days in any one calendar year. Cooking shall not be permitted at any time.
Permanently or temporarily connected to sewer lines, water lines or electrical lines. A unit may be temporarily connected to water and electric lines while used or occupied by visitors during the time specified in Subsection D(1) of this section or while being loaded, unloaded or serviced as provided in Subsection E hereof.
Used for storage of goods, materials, or equipment other than those considered to be a part of the unit or essential for its immediate use.
No recreational vehicle shall be parked or stored on any lot unless the same shall be owned or leased by the owner or occupant of such lot, except that a visitor of the owner or occupant of a lot may park or store a unit thereon for a period not exceeding 14 days in any calendar year upon notice thereof to the Zoning Officer. No more than one unit shall be permitted on any lot at any time.
In all districts, outdoor storage shall be confined to the rear of the property but shall in no instance be placed on that side of a building paralleling an existing or proposed street. Outdoor storage of materials over four feet in height must be set back a minimum of 25 feet from the street.
Outdoor storage shall be completely screened from view of any adjacent residential use. Screening shall consist of evergreen plantings, architectural screen or approved fence, in accordance with the requirements of § 265-69 of this article and with applicable requirements of the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
No storage shall be permitted within the front yard of any lot.
Outside storage of raw materials and/or finished products shall be permitted only within the buildable area of the lot to the rear of the front building wall of the principal building and shall not exceed 10 feet in height in residential districts and 20 feet in height in other districts.
No flammable or explosive liquids, solids or gases shall be stored in bulk above ground, except for tanks of fuel directly connected to energy or heating devices or used in conjunction with active agricultural or construction activities. A list of such liquids, solids or gases stored on site shall be supplied to the appropriate fire companies serving the Township. The applicant shall also demonstrate compliance with all applicable regulations of the United States Environmental Protection Agency; the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection; and the Pennsylvania State Police, Fire Marshal Division, including notification and registration requirements.
No structure or land shall be used or developed and no structure shall be located, extended, converted or structurally altered unless the applicant takes all reasonable measures to minimize the impacts of the aboveground and underground storage of heating oil, gasoline, diesel fuel, chemical solutions or other substances which, if released, would constitute pollutants to surface water or groundwater. The applicant shall also demonstrate compliance with all applicable regulations of the United States Environmental Protection Agency; the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection; and the Pennsylvania State Police, Fire Marshal Division, including notification and registration requirements.
The accumulation of trash or junk out-of-doors for a period in excess of 15 days is prohibited in all districts. In multiple-family, commercial, industrial and other nonresidential developments, garbage storage shall be centralized and enclosed on three sides by architectural screening or plantings in accordance with § 265-69 of this article and with applicable requirements of the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
In all districts, junked, wrecked, stripped or inoperable motor vehicles or trailers, trailers without current registration plates and motor vehicles without current registration plates and inspection stickers displayed thereon shall be parked or stored in a completely enclosed building unless the lawful principal use of the property on which such vehicles or trailers are located involves the repair, storage or disposal thereof. Any such vehicle or trailer must be removed immediately, as each day that violation is continued shall constitute a separate offense, as violations and penalties are outlined in Article VIII of this chapter. This section shall not be applied to farm equipment in usable working condition.
Accessory off-street parking spaces, open or enclosed, shall be provided for any use where specified in the district regulations in the following sections or in any other regulations found in this article, subject to the following provisions:
Location of parking areas.
Enclosed off-street parking spaces, including public and private garages, shall conform to the applicable building setback requirements of this chapter.
Open parking spaces and/or parking lots shall conform to the requirements of the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
Required accessory parking spaces, open or enclosed, shall be located within walking distance of the use which they serve: 100 feet in the case of a commercial use, 200 feet in the case of a residential or institutional use and 300 feet in the case of an industrial use.
In all cases, such parking spaces shall conform to all the regulations of the district in which the parking spaces are located.
In no event shall such parking spaces be located in any residential district unless the use to which the spaces are accessory is permitted in such residential districts. Such spaces shall be in the same ownership as the use to which they are accessory unless arrangements satisfactory to the Zoning Hearing Board have been made, binding the owner and his heirs and assigns to maintain the required number of spaces available either throughout the existence of such use to which they are accessory or until such spaces are provided elsewhere.
Areas computed as parking spaces. Areas which may be computed as open or enclosed off-street parking spaces include any private garage, carport or other area available for parking, other than a street or driveway. However, a driveway within the required front yard setback for a single-family or two-family residence may count as one parking space.
Size of spaces. Three hundred square feet shall be considered one parking space (to provide room for standing area and aisles for maneuvering). Entrance and exit lanes shall not be computed as parking space. Minimum parking stall width shall be 10 feet, and minimum length shall be 18 feet.
Large parking compounds. Parking compounds designed for more than 10 spaces shall meet the dimensional and landscaping requirements of the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
Access. Unobstructed access to and from a street shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
Drainage and surfacing. All open parking areas shall be properly drained and paved in accordance with the requirements of the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
Joint facilities. Required parking spaces, open or enclosed, may be provided in spaces designed to serve jointly two or more establishments whether or not located on the same lot, provided that the number of required spaces in such joint facilities shall not be less than the total number required for all such establishments. Joint parking facilities shall only be approved when a written agreement (in a form acceptable to the Township Solicitor) has been executed between affected property owners which assigns ownership and maintenance responsibilities. Should a subsequent change of use occur that would require additional parking spaces, such spaces shall be required prior to use and occupancy approval.
Minimum number of spaces required. The minimum number of off-street parking spaces by type of use shall be determined in accordance with the following provisions. When the computation to determine the number of required parking spaces results in a requirement of a fractional space, any fraction up to and including 0.5 shall be disregarded, and fractions over 0.5 shall equal one space.
Parking requirements for residential uses:
Apartment houses and townhouse developments. The total number of parking or garage spaces shall be not less than 2.5 times the number of dwelling units in the building to allow for resident and visitor parking. A garage accessory to an apartment house shall provide only for the storage of vehicles of the owner, tenants and employees.
Apartment units in combination with permitted commercial uses shall provide parking spaces as required if both uses were established separately.
Boarding- and rooming houses, hotels, motels and bed-and-breakfast inns: at least one parking space for each guest room, plus one additional space for every two full-time employees. If a restaurant in connection with the above is open to the public, the off-street parking facilities shall be not less than those required for restaurants, in addition to those required for guest rooms.
Dwellings: two parking spaces for each dwelling unit.
Parking requirements for commercial uses.
Beauty shops and barbershops: three parking spaces for each chair to be utilized in the business. If, however, the beauty shop or barbershop is legally part of a residence, two spaces for each chair, provided that there are two parking spaces for the residents.
Bowling alleys: at least five spaces per bowling lane.
Commercial kennels: one space per employee, plus three spaces for customer parking.
Commercial recreation: one space per five seats or similar accommodation or one space per two lockers or similar accommodation, whichever yields the larger parking requirement.
Commercial vehicles. Space shall be provided at the rear of each commercial or business building for the parking of commercial vehicles.
Convenience stores: one space for every 100 square feet of gross floor area, plus one space for every employee on the largest shift.
Dance halls, roller rinks, clubs, lodges and other similar places: at least one parking space for each 100 square feet of floor area.
Department/variety stores: not less than one parking space per every 200 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof.
Restaurants, fast-food or similar establishments: at least one space for each 50 square feet of building floor area.
Restaurants, taverns and bars, sit-down: at least one parking space for each four customer seats, plus one additional space for every two full-time employees.
Restaurants, take-out: at least one space for each 100 square feet of building floor area.
Food stores and pharmacies: at least one space for every 200 square feet of floor area devoted to the sale or display of merchandise, office use and employee use.
Medical, dental and veterinary offices and clinics: at least four parking spaces per practitioner.
Mortuaries, funeral homes and undertaking establishments: at least one parking space for each three seats for public use. Such space shall be in addition to employee parking needs and service area for mobile equipment, such as hearses and ambulances.
Office buildings: at least one parking space for each 200 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof.
Open areas used for commercial purpose: at least one parking space for each 1,500 square feet of area or fraction thereof.
Personal service establishments (not otherwise provided for): one space for each 100 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof devoted to such use, plus one space per employee.
Retail stores: at least one parking space for each 200 square feet of floor area, exclusive of areas not used for sale or display of merchandise.
Self-service laundries: one space per every 1.5 washing machines.
Shopping centers/malls: not less than 5.5 parking spaces per every 1,000 square feet of floor area, or fraction thereof, except that convenience stores and all restaurants shall be required to calculate required off-street parking spaces independent of the overall shopping center/mall.
Motor vehicle service stations: at least one parking space for every three service bays, plus one parking space for every two fuel pumps, or fraction thereof. In no case shall there be fewer than five parking spaces provided.
Motor vehicle washes: no less than four spaces per wash lane.
All other commercial uses: one space per employee, plus such space as may be determined by the Township on a case-by-case basis.
In addition to all of the above minimum requirements, additional spaces for visitor parking and salesmen provided according to the specific requirements of each use.
Parking requirements for industrial uses.
Bus and trucking terminals: sufficient parking to accommodate employees and visitors, subject to the approval of the Township.
Manufacturing, printing or publishing and other industrial establishments: at least one parking space for each two employees on the largest shift or each 500 square feet of floor area, whichever is greater.
Wholesale sales, storage or distribution: at least one space for each 1,000 square feet of sales and storage area or each two employees working on the largest shift.
In addition to all of the above minimum requirements, additional spaces for visitor parking and salesmen provided according to the specific requirements of each use.
Parking requirements for public and quasi-public uses.
Day-care centers and nursery schools: one space per employee, plus three spaces for a drop-off area.
Elementary schools: 2.5 spaces for each classroom, plus one space for each five seats in any auditorium or other place of public assembly.
Golf course/facility: at least eight parking spaces for each tee, plus one space for each employee on the largest shift, plus 100% of the spaces normally required for accessory uses.
Golf driving range: at least one parking space per tee, plus one space per employee.
Hospitals, nursing or convalescent homes: for visitors at the rate of at least one parking space for each three accommodations (beds) for patients, plus one space for each employee on largest shift.
Miniature golf course: at least two parking spaces per hole, plus one space per employee.
Park or recreation area; private club for hunting, horseback riding, tennis or other racquet sports; or other outdoor recreational use: variable, depending upon proposed intensity of use, and subject to the approval of the Zoning Hearing Board.
Secondary schools and similar educational establishments: four spaces for each classroom, plus one space for each five seats in any auditorium or other place of public assembly.
Swimming pools: where a swimming pool is the principal use, at least one parking space for each four persons based upon the designed capacity of the pool.
Theaters, auditoriums (excluding schools), places of worship, stadiums or any other place of public or private assembly: at least one parking space for each four seats or 200 square feet of floor space provided for public or private assembly, whichever is greater.
All other uses. The Zoning Hearing Board will establish parking area requirements for any proposed use which is not covered in the above list. Parking area requirements for uses not listed shall be based on requirements for uses generating similar volumes of traffic and similar demands for parking.
Combined spaces. When any lot or structure contains two or more uses having different parking requirements, the parking requirements for each use shall apply to the extent of that use. Where it can be conclusively demonstrated that one or more such uses will be generating a demand for parking spaces primarily during periods when the other use or uses is not or are not in operation, the Zoning Hearing Board may reduce the total parking spaces required for that use with the least requirement.
On lots divided by district boundaries. Parking spaces on lots divided by zoning district boundaries may be located without regard to district lines, provided that no such parking spaces shall be located in any residential district, unless the use to which they are accessory is permitted in such district.
Regulations for parking spaces adjacent to lots in any residential district. Buffer planting shall be provided for parking compounds and access drives which are adjacent to lots in residential districts, lots in existing residential use and public rights-of-way. Said buffer planting shall meet the requirements of the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
Handicapped parking. Handicapped accessible parking shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of the Americans With Disabilities Act, as may be amended from time to time.
Said spaces shall be most accessible and approximate to the building or buildings which the parking spaces shall serve.
Each space or group of spaces shall be identified with a clearly visible sign displaying the international symbol of access.
Each space shall be 96 inches wide with a ninety-six-inch-wide access aisle to allow room for persons in wheelchairs or on braces or crutches to get in and out of either side of an automobile onto a level, paved surface suitable for wheeling and walking.
Parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with the following table:
|Total Parking in Lot||Required Minimum Number of Accessible Spaces|
|1 to 25||1|
|26 to 50||2|
|51 to 75||3|
|76 to 100||4|
|101 to 150||5|
|151 to 200||6|
|201 to 300||7|
|301 to 400||8|
|401 to 500||9|
|501 to 1,000||2% of total|
|1,001 and over||20, plus 1 for each 100 over 1,000|
Where possible, such spaces shall be located so that persons in wheelchairs or using braces or crutches are not compelled to wheel or walk behind parked cars.
Where applicable, curb ramps shall be provided to permit handicapped people access from the parking lot to the sidewalk or building entrance.
Off-street loading spaces (berths), open or enclosed, are permitted accessory to any use (except one- or two-family residences) subject to the following minimum provisions:
Uses for which required.
Accessory off-street loading berths shall be provided for any use specified below. Any land which is developed as a unit under single ownership and control shall be considered a single lot for the purpose of these minimum loading requirements.
For a public library, museum or similar quasi-public institution or governmental building, community center, hospital or sanitarium, nursing or convalescent home, institution for children or the aged or school with floor area of up to 10,000 square feet: one berth; for each additional 25,000 square feet or fraction thereof: one additional berth.
For buildings with professional, governmental or business offices or laboratory establishments, with floor area of 10,000 to 25,000 square feet: one berth; for each additional 25,000 square feet or fraction thereof up to 100,000 square feet: one additional berth; for each additional 50,000 square feet or fraction thereof: one additional berth.
For buildings with offices and retail sales and service establishments: one berth for 8,000 to 25,000 square feet of floor area and one additional berth for each additional 25,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof so used.
For mortuaries and funeral homes: one berth for each chapel. (Such berths shall be at least 10 feet wide, 20 feet long and 14 feet high.)
For hotels, motels and resorts: one berth for each 25,000 square feet of floor area.
For manufacturing, wholesale and storage uses and for dry-cleaning and rug-cleaning establishments and laundries: one berth for 5,000 to 10,000 square feet of floor area in such use and one additional berth for each additional 20,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof so used.
Off-street loading requirements for uses not specifically cited above will be determined by the Zoning Hearing Board on a case-by-case basis.
Size of spaces. Each required loading berth shall conform to a dimension of not less than 12 feet by 50 feet, or 600 square feet in area, with a minimum overhead clearance of not less than 16 feet in height. These minimum dimensional requirements may be reduced by a special exception from the Zoning Hearing Board.
Location and access. Unobstructed access, at least 10 feet wide, to and from a street shall be provided. Such access may be combined with access to a parking lot. All permitted or required loading berths shall be on the same lot as the use to which they are accessory. Where possible, no off-street loading berth shall be located in any front yard. Where possible, off-street loading space shall be located on the face of a building not facing any adjoining land in a residential district. Wherever possible, required off-street parking space shall not be utilized for loading space.
Joint facilities. Permitted or required loading berths, open or enclosed, may be provided in spaces designed to serve jointly two or more adjacent establishments on the same lot, provided that the number of required berths in such joint facilities shall not be less than the total required for all such requirements.
On lots divided by district boundaries. Loading berths on lots divided by zoning district boundaries may not be located in any residential district, unless the use to which they are accessory is permitted in such district.
Access drives and driveways shall be located and constructed in accordance with the requirements of the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
Any exterior illumination must comply with § 265-16A(6) of this chapter.
Drainage facilities shall be located and constructed in accordance with the requirements of the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
The minimum habitable floor area of a dwelling unit or any building or structure hereafter erected or used for living purposes, shall be 700 square feet. In case of apartment houses and conversion apartments, the minimum habitable floor area shall be not less than 400 square feet per apartment, except in those apartments designed for and occupied exclusively by one person, which apartments shall each contain not less than 300 square feet of habitable floor area. All mobile homes hereafter occupied and used for nontransient use shall contain a minimum of 700 square feet of habitable floor area.
More than one principal use may be placed upon a single lot, provided that:
Unless otherwise regulated in Article VII or elsewhere in this chapter, the maximum permitted impervious area on any lot shall be as follows:
Proper sight lines must be maintained at all street, access drive and driveway intersections, in accordance with the requirements of the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
All uses shall be provided with access to an abutting improved public or private street, unless otherwise authorized by special exception. Such access shall meet the design requirements contained in the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
Unless a safe water supply is provided, a use certificate will not be issued for a building involving human use or occupancy. For any private water supply for a principal building involving human use and occupancy, satisfactory evidence to this effect must be submitted to the Township.
Grading shall be performed in accordance with the requirements of the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
No cabin, mobile home, garage, basement without a full story above, or other temporary structure, whether of a fixed or mobile nature, may hereafter be erected or established for any dwelling purpose for any length of time unless approval for temporary use is granted as a special exception by the Zoning Hearing Board.
Demolition of any structure must be completed within three months of the issuance of a permit. Completion consists of tearing the structure down to grade, filling any resulting cavity to grade and removing all resulting materials from the lot. A structure may be partly demolished only if a building remains and the demolition of the part is complete as aforesaid. All evidences of the structure which was demolished must be removed from the exterior surfaces of the building remaining.
The provisions of the following subsections are applicable to every lot with respect to which general zoning compliance or a building permit for any new structure or enlargement of any existing structure is hereafter required.
Buffer planting strip. Landscape buffer planting strips are required along zoning district boundaries, based on the zoning district classification(s). The type of buffer planting strip required is detailed in the York Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.
Where a proposed commercial, industrial or other nonresidential use abuts an existing residential use or residential district on the same side of a street.
Where any proposed multifamily residential use abuts an existing single-family detached, single-family semidetached, two-family detached or two-family semidetached dwelling.
Any other instance where buffering of proposed use is required by this chapter or by the Township.
Visual screens shall be required around the following site elements, when these are located partially or fully within 100 feet of the property line or existing road right-of-way:
Site elements not included in the above list that have similar visual impact shall be screened in accordance with requirements for the most similar elements as determined by the Township Engineer.
Street trees shall be planted for any subdivision or land development where suitable street trees do not exist, as part of the design and construction of:
Obstructions to vision. No shrubs shall be permitted within any required clear sight triangle nor within 10 feet of the right-of-way line adjacent to access drives; and all street trees shall be kept free of branches and foliage from the ground level to a height of at least six feet.
Plants shall not be placed where they might interfere with the construction, use or maintenance of any public or private sewage disposal system, water supply or other utility/facility, including sidewalks.
All mechanical equipment not enclosed in a structure shall be fully and completely screened in a matter compatible with the architectural and landscaping style of the remainder of the lot.
Water towers, storage tanks, processing equipment, fans, cooling towers, vents and any other structures or equipment which rise above the roofline shall be architecturally compatible or effectively shielded from view from any public or private dedicated street by an architecturally sound method, which shall be approved, in writing, by the Township before construction or erection of said structures or equipment.
No land or building in any district in the Township shall be used or occupied in such a manner so as to create any dangerous or objectionable elements in such amount as to adversely affect the surrounding area or premises. All uses of land or building shall initially and continuously comply with all applicable performance standards established by federal and state agencies.
The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to any existing or proposed building or extension thereof used or to be used by a public utility corporation if, upon petition of the corporation, the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission shall, after a public hearing, decide that the present or proposed situation of the building in question is reasonably necessary for the convenience or welfare of the public. It shall be the responsibility of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission to ensure that both the corporation and the Township have notice of the hearing and are granted an opportunity to appear, present witnesses, cross-examine witnesses presented by other parties and otherwise exercise the rights of a party to the proceedings.
No use, structure, building, vegetation or other material shall violate any of the following required clear sight triangles:
Corner lots. On corner lots, there shall be provided and maintained a clear sight triangle of at least 100 feet, as measured along the center line from the intersecting roads. No structure, planting, excavation nor other visual obstruction shall be permitted at a height greater than three feet within such area. All such clear sight triangles shall be depicted upon proposed subdivision and land development plans and sketch plans for zoning permit applications. A public right-of-way shall also be reserved for the purpose of removing any visual obstruction within the clear sight triangle. In addition, any vegetative material, trees and/or shrubs that create a visual obstruction and is greater than three feet in height that existed on the effective date of this section, and that is located within the above-described clear sight triangle shall be considered nonconforming. Such vegetation may continue for a period not to exceed six months from the effective date of this section. After six months, such vegetation must be trimmed so as not to create a visual obstruction or be removed by the owner.
Driveways serving only one farm and/or one dwelling unit. Driveways shall be located and constructed so that a clear sight triangle of 75 feet as measured along the street center line and five feet along the driveway center line is maintained; no permanent obstructions and/or plant materials over three feet high shall be placed within this area.
Access drives serving all other uses. Access drives shall be located and constructed so that no permanent obstructions and/or plant materials over three feet high shall be placed within a clear-sight triangle of 100 feet as measured along the street centerline and 50 feet as measured along the access drive centerline.