Lancaster Area Sewer Authority, PA
Lancaster County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of the Lancaster Area Sewer Authority; amended in its entirety 9-23-2010 by Res. No. 10-09-002. Subsequent amendments noted where applicable.]

§ 40-1 Definitions.

As used in these Rules and Regulations, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ACT or THE ACT
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, also known as the Clean Water Act, as amended, 33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq.
ADDITIONAL SPACE
Any renovations, structural alterations or construction to an improved property which increases the number of square feet available for use on such improved property or which increases the number of EDUs or gallons per day discharged into the sewer system from such improved property.
ALLOWABLE INDUSTRIAL WASTE
Any solid, liquid, or gaseous substance, waterborne waste or form of energy ejected or escaping from any industrial, manufacturing, trade, or business process or from the development, recovery, or processing of natural resources, as distinct from sanitary sewage, which complies with all provisions of these Regulations and which is allowed to be discharged into the sewer system by the Board of the Lancaster Area Sewer Authority, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, or allowable by the Rules and Regulations of the Lancaster Area Sewer Authority.
AUTHORITIES ACT
The Pennsylvania Municipality Authorities Act, 53 Pa. C.S.A. § 5601 et seq., as amended and supplemented.
AUTHORITY
Lancaster Area Sewer Authority (referenced herein as "LASA" or the "Authority"), Lancaster County, a Pennsylvania municipal authority or its authorized deputy, agent, or representative.
AUTHORITY ENGINEER or CONSULTING ENGINEER
An engineer retained or employed by the Authority, including any authorized member of the staff of such engineer.
AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF HAULER OR TRANSPORTER
An authorized representative may be any of the following:
A. 
A principal executive officer of at least the level of vice president, if the firm is a corporation;
B. 
A general partner or proprietor if the firm is a partnership or proprietorship, respectively; or
C. 
A duly authorized representative of the individual designated above if such representative is responsible for the overall operation of hauling or transporting.
AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF INDUSTRIAL USER
An authorized representative of an industrial user may be any of the following:
A. 
A principal executive officer of at least the level of vice president, if the industrial user is a corporation;
B. 
A general partner or proprietor if the industrial user is a partnership or proprietorship, respectively; or
C. 
A duly authorized representative of the individual designated above if such representative is responsible for the overall operation of the facilities from which the indirect discharge originates.
BASEMENT
That part of a building which is wholly or partially below ground level.
BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (BMPs)
Schedules of activities, prohibitions of practices, maintenance procedures, and other management practices to implement the prohibitions list in § 60-3. BMPs also include treatment requirements, operating procedures, and practices to control plant site runoff, spillage or leaks, sludge or waste disposal, or drainage from raw materials storage.
BOD (BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND)
The quantity of oxygen expressed in mg/l, utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20° C. The standard laboratory procedure shall be found in 40 CFR Part 136.
BUILDING SEWER
That part of the main building or house drain or sewer line inside the walls of the building and extending through the wall to a point approximately five feet outside the wall and connecting to the service line or house connection.
BULK DISCHARGER
Any municipality, which is an incorporated member of the Authority that discharges sanitary sewage to the Authority through an intermunicipal agreement.
CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARD or CATEGORICAL STANDARD
Any regulation containing pollutant discharge limits promulgated by the EPA in accordance with Section 307(b) and (c) of the Act which applies to a specific category of industrial users that appear in 40 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter N, Parts 405-471.
COD (CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND)
A measure of the oxygen-consuming capacity of organic matter present in wastewater. COD is expressed as the amount of oxygen consumed from a chemical oxidant in mg/l during a specific test. The standard laboratory procedure shall be found in 40 CFR Part 136, as amended.
COLLECTION SYSTEM
Those portions of a sewer system constructed by a developer at his own expense which are located within the dedicated right-of-way of a public street or within a right-of-way located on private land dedicated to LASA and which connect to the LASA sewer system.
COLOR
Color of an industrial waste is the color of the light transmitted by the waste solution after removing the suspended material, including the pseudo-colloidal particles.
COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENT
Any structure or portion thereof intended to be used in whole or in part for the purpose of carrying on a trade, business or profession or for social, amusement, charitable, educational or public uses. In a structure where the individual offices or similar units share sanitary facilities, those units sharing the same facilities shall be considered as one such establishment.
[Amended 10-22-2015 by Res. No. 15-10-003]
COMPOSITE SAMPLE
A combination of individual samples obtained at regular intervals over a specified time period. The volume of each sample may be proportional to the flow rate during the sample period (flow-proportional composite) or the volume may be constant and collected at equal time intervals during the sample period (time-proportional composite).
CONNECTION
The jointure, or the process of making the jointure, of one sewer line to another.
CONNECTION FEE
A single charge levied against a property owner for each physical or actual connection of a service line to the sewer system, which fee is related to the actual cost of making such connection, and which is set through resolution.[1]
COOLING WATER
The water discharged from any use such as air conditioning, cooling or refrigeration, or to which the only pollutant added is heat.
DEDUCT METER
Any Authority-approved device that is used to measure and record water flow, when such water is not discharged into the Authority's sewer system. The deduct meter or meters shall be installed after the main water meter on the waterline that supplies water to the customer. The location of such installation shall be inspected and approved by the Authority and shall be located such that the Authority is able to verify that the water flowing through such meter(s) is being consumed in a process and is not being discharged into the Authority's sewer system. The water flow measured and recorded by the deduct meter shall be used by the Authority to reduce the total flow for the purpose of billing rental charges and to determine whether the customer's flow is within the permitted or allowed hydraulic capacity.
DEVELOPER
An individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, agency or other entity vested with ownership, legal or equitable, sole or partial, of any property situated in the service area of the Authority, and who plans to or actually connects to or extends or extends to LASA's sewer lines to permit new connections to the Authority's sewer system.
DIRECT DISCHARGE
The discharge of treated or untreated wastewater directly to the waters of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
DISSOLVED SOLIDS
The anhydrous residues of the dissolved constituents in water or wastewater.
EFFLUENT DATA
With reference to any source of discharge of any pollutant:
A. 
Information necessary to determine the identity, amount, frequency, concentration, temperature, or other characteristics (to the extent related to water quality) of any pollutant which has been discharged by the source (or of any pollutant resulting from any discharge for the source), or any combination of the foregoing;
B. 
Information necessary to determine the identity, amount, frequency, concentration, temperature, or other characteristics (to the extent related to water quality) of the pollutants which, under an applicable standard or limitation, the source was authorized to discharge (including to the extent necessary for such purpose, a description of the manner or rate of operation of the source); and
C. 
A general description of the location and/or nature of the source to the extent necessary to identify the source and to distinguish it from other sources (including, to the extent necessary for such purposes, a description of the device, installation, or operation constituting the source).
D. 
Notwithstanding Subsections A, B, and C, above, the following information shall be considered to be “effluent data” only to the extent necessary to allow LASA to disclose publically that a source is (or is not) in compliance with an applicable standard or limitation, or to allow LASA to demonstrate the feasibility, practicability, or attainability (or lack thereof) of an existing or proposed standard or limitation:
(1) 
Information concerning research, or the results of research, on any product, method, device, or installation (or any component thereof) which was produced, developed, installed, and used only for research purposes; and
(2) 
Information concerning any product, method, device, or installation (or any component thereof) designed and intended to be marketed or used commercially but not yet so marketed or used.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY or EPA
The United States Environmental Protection Agency, or, where appropriate, the term may also be used as a designation for the Administrator or other duly authorized official of said agency.
EQUIVALENT DWELLING UNIT or EDU
Equal to one individual dwelling unit, or, where a property contains no individual dwelling units, one EDU shall be equal to 350 gallons of sewerage discharged per day.
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
The person designated by the Authority to supervise the operation of the sewerage system and who is charged with certain duties and responsibilities by the Authority Board, the Authority officers, or as set forth in a job description approved by the Authority Board, or his duly authorized representative.
EXISTING SOURCE
Any source not considered a “new source” as defined in this chapter.
FINANCIAL SECURITY
A performance and maintenance security which shall be required to assure completion of construction of sewer lines and appurtenances by developers, to guarantee the timely delivery by the developer to the Authority of as-built plans of the sewer system and timely dedication of such facilities by the developer to the Authority (if applicable), and timely payment of all deposits and expenses related thereto. All security shall be of a type and in a form acceptable to the Authority.
FOOD SERVICE FACILITY
Any commercial establishment which prepares, processes, and/or packages food or beverages for on- or off-site sale or consumption, with the exception of private residences. Food service facilities shall include, but are not limited to, food courts, food manufacturers, food packagers, restaurants, grocery stores that prepare or serve food, bakeries, lounges that prepare or serve food, hospitals, hotels with a restaurant, nursing homes that prepare or serve food, churches that prepare or serve food, schools that prepare or serve food, and all other commercial establishments that prepare, process, or serve food or beverages which are not specifically listed above.
[Added 8-23-2012 by Res. No. 12-08-001]
FORCE MAIN
A pipe that delivers wastewater, under pressure, discharged from a pump station to its destination at a point of gravity flow downstream, or at a treatment plant.
FULL-SERVICE SENIOR FACILITIES (FSSFs)
Any facilities providing a continuum of care to senior citizens who are at least 60 years or older, including housing, meal services and skilled nursing care, and including the following types of facilities:
A. 
Personal care and assisted-living facilities with units that include living and sleeping facilities and full bathing facilities but no kitchen facilities and whose residents are provided meal service through a central kitchen and dining room or meal service facility and who require assistance with one or more activities of daily living; or
B. 
Private dwelling units.
(1) 
Private dwelling unit(s), provided that all the following criteria are met:
(a) 
The census for the private dwelling unit(s) is 1.5 or less per unit overall; and
(b) 
Three meals per day are available to residents of the private dwelling unit(s) from a centralized meal service facility and are ordinarily served in central dining facilities; and
(c) 
The water flow to the private dwelling unit(s) is measured by a water meter or meters measuring exclusively the water flow to the private dwelling unit(s); and
(d) 
The average water consumption for the private dwelling unit(s) is less than 135 gallons per day per unit.
(2) 
The private dwelling unit(s) must meet all four of the above requirements each year to qualify as a FSSF. Any year the private dwelling unit(s) do(es) not meet all of the above requirements, the private dwelling unit(s) will be billed as residential units on a per-EDU basis.
GARBAGE
Solid waste resulting from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from handling, storage, and sale of produce.
GRAB SAMPLE
A sample that is taken from a waste stream without regard to the flow in the waste stream and over a period of time not to exceed 15 minutes.
GREASE
A material either liquid or solid, composed primarily of fat, oil and grease from animal or vegetable sources. The terms "fats, oils and grease (FOG)," "oil(s) and grease" or "oil and grease substances" shall all be included within this definition.
[Added 8-23-2012 by Res. No. 12-08-001]
GREASE INTERCEPTOR
A device located underground and outside of a food service facility designed to collect, contain or remove food wastes and grease from the wastestream while allowing the balance of the liquid waste to discharge to the wastewater collection system by gravity. Grease interceptors shall be in conformance with the provisions of Chapter 125, Sewer Construction.
[Added 8-23-2012 by Res. No. 12-08-001]
GREASE TRAP
A device located inside of a food service facility or under a sink designed to collect, contain or remove food wastes and grease from the wastestream while allowing the balance of the liquid waste to discharge to the wastewater collection system by gravity. Grease traps shall be in conformance with the provisions of Chapter 125, Sewer Construction.
[Added 8-23-2012 by Res. No. 12-08-001]
GROUNDWATER
Water that is contained in or passing through the ground.
HOLDING TANK WATER
Any waste from holding tanks such as vessels, chemical toilets, campers, trailers, septic tanks, and vacuum-pump tank trucks.
IMPROVED PROPERTY
Any property upon which there is erected any structure intended for continuous or periodic habitation, occupancy or use by human beings or animals and from which structure sanitary sewage and/or industrial wastes shall be or may be discharged.
INDIRECT DISCHARGE
The discharge or the introduction of nondomestic pollutants from any source regulated under Section 307(b), (c) or (d) of the Act into the sewage system (including holding tank waste discharged into the system).
INDIVIDUAL DWELLING UNIT
Includes a single-family residence, an apartment or a mobile home.
INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENT
Any structure or portion thereof intended to be used in whole or in part for the manufacturing, fabricating, processing, cleaning, laundering and assembling of any product, commodity or article. In a structure where the individual units share sanitary facilities, those units sharing the same facilities shall be considered as one such establishment.
INDUSTRIAL USER
A source of indirect discharge.
INDUSTRIAL WASTE
Solid, liquid or gaseous substance, waterborne waste or form of energy discharges or escaping in the course of development, recovering or processing of natural resources, but not sewage.
INDUSTRIAL WASTE DISCHARGE PERMIT
The permit described in Chapter 60, Industrial Waste, of these Rules and Regulations.
INTERFERENCE
A discharge, which alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, inhibits or disrupts the sewage treatment plant, its treatment processes or operations or its sludge processes, use or disposal; and, therefore, is a cause of a violation of the Authority's NPDES permit or of the prevention of sewage sludge use or disposal in compliance with any of the following statutory/regulatory provisions or permits issued thereunder, or any more stringent state or local regulations; Section 405 of the Act; the Solid Waste Disposal Act, including Title II commonly referred to as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA); any state regulations contained in any state sludge management plan prepared pursuant to Subtitle DS of the Solid Waste Disposal Act; the Clean Air Act; the Toxic Substances Control Act; and the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act.
KITCHEN FACILITIES
A dwelling unit contains kitchen facilities if it contains a standard dish-washing unit or all three of the following:
A. 
A sink; and
B. 
A range or stove; and
C. 
A refrigerator.
LATERAL SEWER
That part of the sewerage system extending from the sewer main to a point at least five feet behind the curbline and, if there is no curb existing, at least five feet beyond the edge of the improved road surface.
LOCAL LIMIT
A specific discharge limit developed and enforced by the Authority upon users to implement the general and specific discharge prohibitions listed in § 60-3.
MANHOLE
A structure leading from the surface of the ground to a sewer, permitting access to the sewer.
MEMBER MUNICIPALITY
Those municipalities which incorporated the Authority, including the Townships of Manor, Lancaster, East Hempfield, West Hempfield, and Manheim, and the Boroughs of East Petersburg and Mountville.
METERED DISCHARGER
Any person and/or municipality that discharges into the sewer system at one or more metered connection points and which is not either an industrial/commercial establishment or a bulk discharger.
MULTIPURPOSE COMMERCIAL OR INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENT
Any structure or building which contains a combination of one or more dwelling or living units with a commercial establishment or industrial establishment, or a combination of a commercial establishment with an industrial establishment.
MUNICIPAL BUILDING
Any structure occupied primarily by the governing body of a political subdivision or other governmental body, or by any agency thereof.
MUNICIPALITY
Any county, county authority, municipal authority, city, borough, township, or school district.
MUNICIPAL PARKS, PLAYGROUNDS AND RECREATION AREAS
Any land, together with appurtenant buildings and structures, which is owned wholly by a municipality of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and used exclusively for recreational purposes by the public.
NATIONAL POLLUTION DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM OR NPDES PERMIT
A permit issued pursuant to Section 402 of the Act.
NATIONAL PROHIBITIVE DISCHARGE STANDARD OR PROHIBITIVE DISCHARGE STANDARD
Any regulation developed under the authority of Section 307(b) of the Act and 40 CFR 403.5.
A. 
Any building, structure, facility, or installation from which there is (or may be) a discharge of pollutants, the construction of which commenced after the publication of proposed pretreatment standards under Section 307(c) of the Act which will be applicable to such source if such standards are thereafter promulgated in accordance with Chapter 60, provided that:
(1) 
The building, structure, facility, or installation is constructed at a site at which no other source is located; or
(2) 
The building, structure, facility, or installation totally replaces the process or production equipment that causes the discharge of pollutants at an existing source; or
(3) 
The production or wastewater-generating processes of the building, structure, facility, or installations are substantially independent of an existing source at the same site. In determining whether these are substantially independent, factors such as the extent to which the new facility is integrated with the existing plant, and the extent to which the new facility is engaged in the same general type of activity as the existing source, should be considered.
B. 
Construction on a site at which an existing source is located results in a modification rather than a new source if the construction does not create a new building, structure, facility, or installation meeting the criteria of Subsection A(2) or (3) above but otherwise alters, replaces, or adds to existing process or production equipment.
C. 
Construction of a new source as defined under this subsection has commenced if the owner or operator has:
(1) 
Begun, or caused to begin, as part of a continuous on-site construction program:
(a) 
Any placement, assembly, or installation of facilities or equipment; or
(b) 
Significant site preparation work including clearing, excavation, or removal of existing buildings, structures, or facilities which is necessary for the placement, assembly, or installation of new source facilities or equipment; or
(2) 
Entered into a building contractual obligation for the purchase of facilities or equipment, which are intended to be used in its operation within a reasonable time. Options to purchase or contracts, which can be terminated or modified without substantial loss, and contracts for feasibility, engineering, and design studies, do not constitute a contractual obligation under this section.
NONCOMPLIANCE
Any violation not considered "significant noncompliance" as defined in this chapter.
OPERATOR
Any person having charge, care, management or control of a tank truck or trucks for use in the removal, transportation and disposal of sewage and industrial waste, septic or holding tank waste or other liquid waste.
OWNER
Any person vested with ownership, legal or equitable, sole or partial, of an improved property.
PASS-THROUGH
A discharge which exits the sewage treatment plant into waters of the United States in quantities or concentrations which, alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, is cause of a violation of any requirement of the Authority's NPDES permit, including an increase in the magnitude or duration of a violation.
PERSON
Any individual, industry, partnership, joint venture, firm, company, corporation, association, joint-stock company, trust, estate, governmental entity or any other legal entity, or their legal representatives, agents, or assigns. The masculine gender shall include the feminine, and the singular shall include the plural where indicated by the context.
pH
The logarithm of the reciprocal of the concentration of hydrogen ions expressed in gram equivalent per liter of solution, and indicating the degrees of acidity or alkalinity of a substance. A stabilized pH will be considered as a pH which does not change beyond the specified limits when the waste is subjected to aeration. It shall be determined by one of the accepted methods described in 40 CFR Part 136.
PLUMBING FIXTURE
Any receptacle intended to receive and discharge any liquid, water, or water-carried waste into a building sewer.
POLLUTANT
Any dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive materials, heat, wrecked or discharged equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt and industrial, municipal, and agricultural waste discharged into water.
POLLUTION
The man-made or man-induced alteration of the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological integrity of water.
PRETREATMENT or TREATMENT
The reduction of the amount of pollutants, the elimination of pollutants, or the alteration of the nature of pollutant properties in wastewater to a less harmful state prior to or in lieu of discharging or otherwise introducing such pollutants into the sewerage facilities. The reduction or alteration can be obtained by physical, chemical or biological processes, by process changes, or by other means, except as prohibited by § 60-8.
PRETREATMENT REQUIREMENTS
Any substantive or procedural requirement related to pretreatment imposed on an industrial user, other than a pretreatment standard.
PRETREATMENT STANDARD
Prohibited discharge standards, categorical pretreatment standards, and local limits, including any rule or regulation, ordinance or resolution, or term or condition of a permit or order adopted or issued by the commonwealth or the Authority for the implementation or enforcement of an industrial waste pretreatment program established under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act or the Clean Streams Law.
PRIVATE DWELLING OR LIVING UNIT
Any structure intended to be occupied as a whole by one family, or an apartment intended to be occupied by one family, or any other one-family living unit containing plumbing for kitchen or toilet facilities.
PROHIBITED DISCHARGE STANDARDS or PROHIBITED DISCHARGES
Absolute prohibitions against the discharge of certain substances; these prohibitions appear in Chapter 60 of these Regulations.
QUALIFIED LABORATORY
Any laboratory which is accredited by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection Laboratory Accreditation Program or the NELAC Institute (TNI) to perform the necessary analysis.
RECREATIONAL CAMPING GROUNDS
Any land the purpose of which is to accommodate recreational-type vehicles or which provides space for camping activities on a transitory basis. This definition specifically excludes mobile homes, which shall be deemed private dwelling or living units.
REFRIGERATION
The preservation of food products, the maintenance of temperature for aid in process work, and the maintenance of storage temperature.
REGULATORY AUTHORITY
The Director in an NPDES state with an approved state pretreatment program and the Administrator of the EPA in a non-NPDES state or NPDES state without an approved state pretreatment program.
RESERVATION OF CAPACITY FEE
A fee which will guarantee a developer an allocation of capacity within the sewer system when paid in accordance with the regulations governing reservation of capacity.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
A public way including streets and sanitary sewer easements.
SANITARY FACILITIES
Toilets, sinks, and other plumbing fixtures and related piping intended to receive and discharge sanitary sewage into a building sewer.
SANITARY SEWAGE
The normal water-carried household and toilet wastes and industrial waste from residences, business buildings, institutions and commercial and industrial establishments excluding, however, the effluent from septic tanks or cesspools, rain, storm and groundwater, as well as roof or surface water drainage or percolating or seeping waters, or accumulation thereof, whether underground or in cellars or basements.
SANITARY SEWER
A sewer which carries sanitary sewage and to which storm, surface, and groundwaters are not intentionally admitted.
SERVICE AREA
Those areas within the member municipalities served by the Authority's sewer system.
SERVICE LINE
That part of the sewer line connecting to the lateral sewer at the street right-of-way or utility easement line and extending to and connecting to the building sewer at a point approximately five feet outside the building wall.
SEWAGE
The normal water-carried household and toilet waste from any improved property, excluding, however, the effluent from septic tanks or cesspools, rain, storm and groundwater, as well as roof or surface water, drainage or percolating or seeping waters, or accumulation thereof, whether underground or in cellars or basements.
SEWAGE SYSTEM or SEWERAGE SYSTEM
All facilities operated by the Authority which are used for collecting, plumbing, transporting, treating or disposing of sewage and allowable industrial waste. For the purposes of these Regulations, “sewage system and sewerage system” shall also include any sewers that convey wastewaters to the sewerage system from persons who are, by contract or agreement with the Authority, users of the Authority’s sewerage system.
SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
That portion of the sewerage system designed to provide treatment to wastewater, including but not necessarily limited to any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage and allowable industrial waste.
SEWER
A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage, or allowable industrial waste.
SEWER LINE
Any pipe or conduit constituting a part of the sewer system and used or usable for sewage collection or transportation purposes, including sewer mains, lateral sewers, service lines, and building sewers.
SEWER MAIN
Any pipe which collects and transports wastewater from lateral sewers to the Authority's sewage treatment plant.
SEWER SYSTEM
Sewer mains, lateral sewers, pumping stations, sewer force mains, sewage treatment plants, and all appurtenant facilities operated by the Authority in furnishing sewage service.
SHALL
Is mandatory; "may" is permissive.
SIU or SIGNIFICANT INDUSTRIAL USER
All industrial users subject to categorical pretreatment standards under 40 CFR 403.6 and 40 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter N, and
A. 
Any industrial user of the sewerage system who has an average discharge flow of 25,000 gallons or more per day of process wastewater (excluding sanitary, noncontact cooling and boiler blowdown wastewater); or
B. 
Contributes a process wastestream which makes up 5% or more of the average dry weather hydraulic or organic capacity of the POTW treatment plant; or
C. 
Is found by the Authority, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, or the United States Environmental Protection Agency to have significant impact, either singly or in combination with other contributing industries, on the sewerage system, the quality of sludge, the system’s effluent quality, or air emissions generated by the system.
SLUG
Any discharge of a nonroutine, episodic nature, including but not limited to an accidental spill or noncustomary batch discharge, or which could cause a violation of the prohibited discharge standards of Chapter 60 of these Regulations.
SNC or SIGNIFICANT NONCOMPLIANCE
Defined as a significant industrial user meeting one or more of the following, or a user meeting one or more of the items listed in Subsection C, D, or H, below.
A. 
Chronic violations of wastewater discharge limits, defined here as those in which 66% or more of all the measurements taken for the same pollutant parameter during a six-month period exceed (by any magnitude) a numeric pretreatment standard or requirement, including instantaneous limits, as defined by 40 CFR 403.3(1);
B. 
Technical review criteria (TRC) violations, defined here as those in which 33% or more of the measurements taken for the same pollutant parameter during a six-month period equal or exceed the product of the numeric pretreatment standard or requirement including instantaneous limits, as defined by 40 CFR 403.3(1) multiplied by the applicable TRC (1.4 for BOD, TSS, fats, oils and grease, and 1.2 for all other pollutants except pH);
C. 
Any other discharge violation of a pretreatment standard or requirement as defined by 40 CFR 403.3(1) (daily maximum, longer-term average, instantaneous limit, or narrative standard) the Authority believes has caused, alone or in combination with other discharges, interference or pass-through, including endangering the health of sewerage system personnel or the general public;
D. 
Any discharge of pollutants that has caused imminent endangerment to the public or to the environment, or has resulted in the Authority’s exercise of its emergency authority to halt or prevent such a discharge;
E. 
Failure to meet within 90 days of the scheduled date, a compliance milestone contained in an industrial waste discharge permit or enforcement order for starting construction, completing construction, or attaining final compliance;
F. 
Failure to provide within 30 days after the due date, any required reports, including baseline monitoring reports, reports on compliance with categorical pretreatment standard deadlines, periodic self-monitoring reports, and reports on compliance with compliance schedules;
G. 
Failure to accurately report noncompliance; or
H. 
Any other violations, which may include a violation of best management practices, the Authority determines will adversely affect the operation or implementation of the local pretreatment program.
SPECIAL FACILITIES FEE
A fee for a special purpose facility applicable only to a particular group of customers, or serving a particular purpose and/or serving a specific area, based upon the cost of such a facility.
STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION (SIC)
A classification pursuant to the Standard Industrial Classification Manual issued by the Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget, 1987.
STANDARD METHODS
An abbreviated expression used to denote "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water," a manual published by the American Public Health Association specifying official analytical procedures for the measurement of wastewater parameters.
STATE
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
STORM SEWER or STORM DRAIN
A pipe or conduit which carries stormwater, surface water, drainage, and certain industrial water discharges, such as cooling and air-conditioning waters.
STREET
A public way including any highway, street, road, lane, court, public square, alley, or other passageway.
TAPPING FEE
A charge levied against the property owner of each property connecting to the sewer system on or after the effective date of these Regulations (or any predecessor regulations) computed on an equivalent-dwelling-unit basis or on a gallons-per-day basis, which is authorized by the Authorities Act as amended from time to time.
TENANT
Any person in possession of a whole or a part of an improved property, who is not an owner.
TOTAL SOLIDS
The sum of dissolved and undissolved constituents in water or wastewater.
TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS (TSS)
Solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtering. The standard laboratory procedure shall be found in 40 CFR Part 136, as amended.
TOXIC SUBSTANCE
Any substance or combination of substances that:
A. 
Is listed as toxic in regulations promulgated by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency under the Provision of CWA 307(a) or other acts; or
B. 
Is present in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, to constitute a hazard to humans, animals, to create a public nuisance, or to create any hazard in the sewerage system or in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant.
UNAUTHORIZED WASTE
Any waste which is not in compliance with the provisions of these Regulations or which is discharged into the sewerage system by a person in violation of any provision contained in these Regulations.
USER
Any person who contributes, causes or permits the contribution of wastewater into the Authority's sewerage system.
VENT PIPE
Any pipe extended vertically from a service line to provide ventilation for the system of piping and to prevent siphonage and back pressure.
WASTEWATER
The liquid and water-carried industrial or domestic wastes from dwellings, commercial buildings, industrial facilities, and institutions, whether treated or untreated, which is contributed into or permitted to enter the sewerage system.
WATER-COOLED EQUIPMENT
Any equipment using water as a cooling medium for purposes other than air-conditioning or refrigeration.
WATERS OF THE STATE
All streams, lakes, ponds, marshes, watercourses, waterways, wells, springs, reservoirs, aquifers, irrigation systems, drainage systems and all other bodies or accumulations of water, surface or underground, natural or artificial, public or private, which are contained within, flow through, or border upon the state or any portion thereof.
WATER SUPPLIER
Any public agency or private company furnishing water service to the particular property connected to the sewer system.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 30, Charges, Rates and Fees, Art. III, Connection Fee.

§ 40-2 Abbreviations.

The following abbreviations shall have the designated meanings:
BMPs
Best management practices
BOD
Biochemical oxygen demand
CFR
Code of Federal Regulations
COD
Chemical oxygen demand
DEP
Department of Environmental Protection
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency
IDU
Individual dwelling unit
LASA
Lancaster Area Sewer Authority
LCSWMA
Lancaster County Solid Waste Management Authority
LEL
Lower explosive limit
mg
Milligrams
mg/L
Milligrams per liter
NPDES
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
O&M
Operation and maintenance
PA DEP or DEP
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection
POTW
Publicly owned treatment works
SIC
Standard Industrial Classification
SIU
Significant Industrial User
SNC
Significant noncompliance
SWDA
Solid Waste Disposal Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6901 et seq.
TRC
Technical review criteria
TS
Total solids
TSS
Total suspended solids
USC
United States Code
WPCF
Water pollution control facility
° C.
Degrees Celsius