Township of Bloomfield, NJ
Essex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Adopted 11-19-1962 as Ch. 26, Art II, of the 1962 Code (Ch. 230, Art. V, of the 1987 Code)]
A. 
The installation, repair or replacement of curbs and sidewalks is the responsibility of the abutting property owner.
[Added 11-2-1987]
B. 
No sidewalk, curb, driveway, gutter or drain across the sidewalk space shall be laid in any street in the Township until a written permit, signed by the Township Engineer, shall have been issued. All such permits shall be valid for three months from the date of issuance.
Any person desiring a permit required by § 497-16 shall make an application, in writing, to the Township Engineer on a blank form provided by the Township. The application shall specify the location, material and width of the sidewalk, curb, driveway, gutter or drain and the size of the drain across the sidewalk space.
[Amended 11-2-1987]
No permit under § 497-16 will be granted to a contractor until he shall have filed with the Township Engineer a bond, in the amount of $1,000, with a responsible surety company as surety, conditioned for the proper performance by the contractor of all work undertaken by him in the Township under the provisions of this article during the period of one year from the date of the bond. All such bonds shall be approved by the Township Attorney.
The work of constructing, repairing or relaying sidewalks, curbs, driveways, gutters and drains across sidewalk spaces shall be done under the supervision of the Township Engineer, and all materials used and workmanship shall receive his inspection and approval.
All sidewalks, curbs, driveways, gutters and drains across sidewalk spaces shall be laid in accordance with lines and grades furnished by the Township Engineer and not otherwise. Lines and grades will be furnished without the payment of any fee.
A. 
Any sidewalk in any public street which shall be out of line or grade shall be relaid by the owner of the property within 30 days after notice from the Township Engineer to do so, unless the property owner shall give satisfactory reasons to the Township Council for such work not being done.
[Amended 11-2-1987]
B. 
The grade of the ground adjoining a sidewalk shall be maintained sufficiently low on one side to prevent the collection of water on the sidewalk.
A. 
After laying a curb or sidewalk, all rubbish shall be promptly removed from the street, and the entire space between the curbline and the property line shall be properly graded.
B. 
Where a fill is necessary, the slope on the property side shall begin at the property line, and no portion shall be within the street lines. A one-and-one-half-horizontal-to-one-vertical slope is recommended for fill.
A. 
All sidewalks, curbs, driveways, gutters and drains across sidewalk spaces laid in any private street or in a street of any new development shall conform in all respects with the regulations governing public streets. Failure to comply with such regulations will be sufficient cause for the Township to reject any proffered dedication of such streets.
B. 
Lines, grades and inspections of work in private streets will be furnished by the Township Engineer upon the payment to the Township of the cost thereof when specifically directed by the Township Council.
A. 
Concrete work incidental to the construction or repair of sidewalks, curbs, driveways or gutters shall not be done during the period from December 1 of any year to April 1 of the following year. This shall not be construed to prevent emergency repairs to flag sidewalks during this period.
B. 
The Township Engineer may require that such concrete work done during the month of November in any year shall be laid under special precautions and thereafter protected against freezing in an approved manner.
All concrete work laid under the provisions of this article must be properly protected by barricades until the cement shall be sufficiently hardened to carry its traffic. When required, all concrete work must be kept covered for three days and kept moist by sprinkling.
Whenever it shall be necessary to remove or cut any shade tree in order to perform work under the provisions of this article, the consent of the Township Council must first be obtained.
Every person, in doing any work under the provisions of this article, shall conform to the following specifications:
A. 
Sand. The sand shall be approved, clean, sharp, coarse sand, having by bulk not more than 5% of loam.
B. 
Cement. Before any cement is furnished, the brand shall be approved by the Township Engineer, and, if required, samples shall be submitted to him for testing. In general, tests will conform to the methods recommended by the Committee on Uniform Tests of Cement of the American Society of Civil Engineers.
C. 
Stone. All stone used in concrete for curb or sidewalk purposes shall not be larger than will pass through a one-inch ring or smaller than 1/4 of an inch in its smallest dimension. Stone shall be traprock or a stone of equal hardness and durability, clean and free from foreign matter.
A. 
Generally. All new sidewalks shall be not less than four feet wide and shall be constructed of concrete, unless the Township Council shall direct or authorize the construction of a flag sidewalk.
B. 
Concrete sidewalks.
(1) 
The concrete shall be not less than three inches thick when tamped solid and shall consist of not less than one part portland cement to 2 1/2 parts of sand and five parts of broken stone. After the concrete is tamped, it is to be cut entirely through every four feet, or steel patent forms may be used. The joints so made shall be filled with dry sand to provide for expansion. In sidewalks more than four feet wide, expansion joints shall be spaced so that no section will contain more than 25 square feet.
(2) 
The top finish shall be one-inch thick and composed of one part portland cement to two parts screened sand, thoroughly mixed and placed on the concrete base before the base shall have attained its initial set and, in any case, not longer than one hour after the concrete base shall have been laid. The top shall then be finished either smooth, rough or grooved, with approved tools, as directed. The top shall be marked directly over the expansion joint and cut through to the concrete, and the outside edges shall be rounded.
C. 
Flag sidewalks. In constructing new flag sidewalks and in relaying existing sidewalks, each flagstone shall be not less than two inches thick, four feet wide and 2 1/2 feet long. They shall be laid on sand or other approved material.
All new curbs shall be bluestone, granite or concrete and shall not be less than 16 inches in depth or five inches in width.
That area between the curb or curbline of a street and the concrete or flagstone walk may be constructed with either of the following materials after the grading and shaping is done to the depth and in the manner as specified by the Township Engineer.
A. 
Concrete. The concrete shall be not less than seven inches in depth, using Class B concrete, according to state specifications.
B. 
Bituminous concrete.
(1) 
The base course shall be six inches in depth, using 1 1/2 inches of clean sharp stone, bound with stone dust or screenings.
(2) 
The wearing surface shall be 1 1/2 inches in depth, using a cold-mixed bituminous concrete of either Type A or Type T material.
(3) 
Both of the above courses shall be thoroughly compacted to a finished grade and shape, using a roller weighing at least three tons.
(4) 
Cast-iron or vitrified pipes under driveways will not be permitted.
(5) 
Open gutters shall be constructed where possible.
A. 
No leader pipe or other drain shall be discharged over the sidewalk, but water shall be carried under the sidewalk to the gutter in a cast-iron pipe.
B. 
The hole in the curb shall be round and neatly cut, and at least one inch of solid stone or concrete shall be left over the hole. The hole shall not be of larger diameter than is necessary, and no other damage shall be done to the curb.
C. 
When the sidewalk is but four feet wide, pipes must be so laid that the hubs will not be under the sidewalk. Instead of a cast-iron pipe, a trough of masonry may be constructed and covered with a suitable loose iron plate, having its top surface flush with the surface of the sidewalk and of a rough character to prevent slipping. No trough shall be more than six inches wide.
[Added 11-2-1987[1]]
Any person who violates any provision of this article shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to a penalty as provided by § 1-15, General penalty, of this Code.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.