[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Geneva 5-27-1972 as Ch. 35 of the 1972 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Water — See Ch. 161.
In pursuance of the authority conferred by the Town Law in the State of New York and in order to promote the health, safety and general welfare of the inhabitants of the town, this chapter is hereby enacted.
All construction and operations referred to in this chapter must be in accordance with federal, state and local laws and codes. All sanitary conditions must comply with the rules of the state and county Boards of Health.
When used in this chapter, certain words and terms shall have the following meanings:
- ABOVEGROUND SWIMMING POOL
- All swimming pools having all or any section of their exterior wall above the surrounding ground level.
- IN-GROUND SWIMMING POOL
- All swimming pools having their entire water surface below the level of the surrounding ground.
- PERMANENT CONSTRUCTION
- The installation of an aboveground or belowground swimming pool which requires more than one foot of excavation for any part of the pool, and/or constructed of concrete, wood, metal or other materials and/or encircled or partly encircled by deck or platform, any part of which cannot be dismantled for storage.
- SWIMMING POOL
- All private or semiprivate swimming, bathing, wading pools, ponds or tanks above or below the ground of permanent or temporary nature, which have a depth of more than 24 inches and/or a water surface of more than 100 square feet and those which are excavated, erected, constructed or created by damming of a stream, whether out of doors or inside a structure or building.
- TEMPORARY CONSTRUCTION
- The installation of an aboveground swimming pool which requires less than one foot excavation for any part of the pool, with no platform encircling or partly encircling the pool, other than an entrance platform four feet by four feet maximum size, all of which can be dismantled and stored.
A swimming pool shall be deemed to be a structure under Chapter 165, Zoning, of this Code, and, where applicable, all work must be done in accordance with the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code.
A swimming pool may be permitted only as an accessory structure to a principal building used for residential purposes. Said pool shall be for the exclusive use of the occupants of the principal building and their guests.
A swimming pool may be permitted when said use is not as an accessory structure to the principal building only upon application to the Zoning Board of Appeals in accordance with this chapter. Pools used normally by the public, such as clubs and similar organizations, must comply with the New York State Board of Health regulations.
The building line of the pool shall be considered to be its inside wall.
Building permit required. Before any swimming pool is moved, placed, erected, assembled or excavated upon a lot or created by damming a stream, a building permit shall be required.
Additions and alterations. A building permit shall be required for any enlargement of an existing pool, for a dressing shelter, a pump house, a filter house, an enclosure for the pool or any other structure erected in conjunction with the swimming pool. Such structures shall conform to all provisions of the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code and the Municipal Code and all other rules and regulations of the town and shall not unduly interfere with the use or enjoyment of the adjacent property.
Application. Each application for a building permit to erect, construct, dam a stream or excavate a swimming pool or to enlarge an existing pool or to build an ancillary structure must be accompanied by a building permit fee and by plans in sufficient detail to show the following:
A plot plan of the property on which the swimming pool is to be constructed or placed, showing the location of the swimming pool in reference to the side lines, rear lines, grades, basement and other structures on the property, and existing electrical service lines and electrical lines.
The pool dimensions and depths.
The location and dimensions of the fence, and any structures or appurtenances built or that are to be built in conjunction with the swimming pool.
The estimated cost of the proposed swimming pool.
The location and type of waste disposal and drainage system of the property.
The location and source of water supply.
The location, size and description of all proposed electrical connections, lighting (both above and below the ground) and any pool-heating device.
These plans, along with structural calculations and details, must be prepared and signed by either the owner of the property or a licensed professional engineer or a registered architect or a recognized pool contractor who is an accredited member of the National Swimming Pool Institute.
Whenever the Code Enforcement Officer or any officer of the Town of Geneva shall determine that Chapter 141, Swimming Pools, of the Geneva Code shall be required to be enforced, the costs incurred by said officer for consultation fees with engineers, attorneys or other professionals or costs incurred in enforcement of compliance with this Code, including but not limited to the costs of meeting the requirements of Article 6 of the Environmental Conservation Law (SEQR), shall be reimbursed by the real property owner before a building permit, certificate of occupancy, or other permit, may be issued, and if the real property owner fails to make such reimbursement, then said reimbursement costs levied pursuant to this chapter are hereby made a lien on the premises, and if the same is not paid within 30 days after it shall be deemed payable, the same shall be certified to the County Treasurer's office, which shall place the same on the real property tax roll for that year, with interest, and penalties allowed by law, and be collected as other town taxes are collected.
[Added 7-12-2001 by L.L. No. 8-2001]
The location of a permanent or temporary swimming pool on the property must:
Not be placed in the front yard.
Be at least 15 feet from any side yard line and rear yard line.
Be at least 15 feet from any house basement.
Be at least 20 feet from any active well, septic tank, leach bed, etc., unless conditions warrant a lessening or increasing of this distance.
Not endanger the health and/or safety of its user and does not unduly interfere with the use and enjoyment of the adjacent property.
Design and construction. The swimming pool shall be designed and constructed in such a manner as not to endanger the health and/or safety of its users or nonusers and to not unduly interfere with the use and enjoyment of adjacent property.
Filtering equipment. The swimming pool shall be required to have adequate equipment to properly recirculate, filter, algacide and germicide the water of the pool with provisions and instructions for maintenance of same.
Ladder or steps. The swimming pool must be equipped with proper safeguards for users of the pool. At least one ladder, not more than two feet from the bottom of the pool, steps or equivalent must be provided at a location to facilitate quick exit.
All swimming pools must have a rescue pole made of aluminum, fiber glass, bamboo or equal material, stored within 15 feet of the swimming pool's interior edge. The rescue pole shall be in length at least 1/2 of the swimming pool's width, or 1/2 of the swimming pool's diameter, depending on the type of pool.
All swimming pools must have a ring buoy with at least 25 feet of attached rope or cord prominently stored within 10 feet of the pool's interior edge. The type of ring buoy must meet the specifications as set forth by the National Swimming Pool Institute or the American Red Cross.
Referral to Code Enforcement Officer. The Town Code Enforcement Officer shall pass upon the safety and adequacy of the design, materials, construction and equipment of all swimming pools. In doing so, he or she may be guided by the minimum standards for residential pools of the National Swimming Pool Institute.
Height. No part of the pool structure, with the exception of deck fencing, shall project more than 41/2 feet above the surrounding existing grade, except by special permit.
Plumbing. Where applicable, all plumbing must conform to the plumbing regulations of the town. If connections are to be made to public water or storm sewer, work must be done under the supervision of a licensed plumber.
Water supply. There shall be no fixed or direct connection to any nonpotable water supply.
[Amended 12-23-1997 by L.L. No. 5-1997]
Outdoor swimming pools shall be provided with an enclosure which shall comply with the following:
It shall be at least four feet in height and have a maximum vertical clearance to grade of two inches.
Where a picket-type fence is provided, the horizontal openings between pickets shall not exceed four inches.
Where a chain link fence is provided, the openings between links shall not exceed 23/8 inches.
The enclosure shall be constructed so as not to provide footholds.
Pickets and chain link twists shall extend above the upper horizontal bar.
Such enclosure shall have railings and posts within the enclosure, which shall be capable of resisting a minimum lateral load of 150 pounds applied midway between the posts and the top of the posts. The enclosure, fence material or fabric shall be capable of withstanding a concentrated lateral load of 50 pounds applied anywhere between supports on an area 12 inches square, without failure or permanent deformation. Gates provided in the enclosure shall be self-closing and self-latching with the latch handle located within the enclosure and at least 40 inches above grade.
A wall of a dwelling is permitted to serve as part of the enclosure under the following conditions:
Conformance with state standards. All lighting and electrical work shall conform to the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code and be inspected and approved by the New York State Board of Fire Underwriters, or such other qualified inspection agency approved by the town. Also, all underground wiring and lighting shall be of low voltage.
[Amended 12-23-1997 by L.L. No. 5-1997]
Disturbance of adjoining owners prohibited. No lighting shall be installed in such a manner that it may be an annoyance to the owners of adjacent property. Under normal circumstances flood lighting or the illumination of adjacent property, among other things, will be sufficient to constitute an annoyance.
Safety restrictions. No pool shall be erected within 10 feet of existing electrical service lines, nor shall electrical lines be strung over the water surface nor within four feet of the outer edge of the pool.
Every swimming pool presently constructed or installed or hereafter constructed or installed shall be maintained at all times in such manner as never to constitute a public nuisance, a hazard or a menace to health or safety. Any such hazard which may exist or develop in or in consequence of or in connection with any such swimming pool shall be forthwith abated and/or removed by the person in possession, owning or having jurisdiction over such pool, upon receipt of notice from the town.
Use of a swimming pool shall be in a reasonable manner and at reasonable times so as not to cause undue discomfort and/or annoyance to adjacent residents.