Town of Greece, NY
Monroe County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Land disturbance activities and associated increases in impervious cover alter the hydrologic response of local watersheds and increase stormwater runoff rates and volumes, flooding, stream channel erosion, and sediment transport and deposition. This stormwater runoff contributes to increased quantities of water-borne pollutants. Stormwater runoff, soil erosion and nonpoint source pollution can be controlled and minimized through the regulation of stormwater runoff from development sites.
B. 
During the construction process, soil is the most vulnerable to erosion by wind and water. This eroded soil endangers water resources by reducing water quality, and causing the siltation of aquatic habitat for fish and other desirable species. Eroded soil also necessitates maintenance and/or repair of sewers and ditches, and the dredging of waterways. In addition, clearing and/or grading during construction tends to increase soil erosion and causes the loss of native vegetation necessary for terrestrial and aquatic habitat, and to provide a healthy living environment for citizens of the Town of Greece. Improper design and construction of stormwater management practices can increase the velocity of stormwater runoff, thereby increasing stream bank erosion and sedimentation. Impervious surfaces allow less water to percolate into the soil, thereby decreasing groundwater recharge and stream base flow.
C. 
Regulation of land disturbance activities by means of performance standards governing stormwater management and site design will produce development compatible with the natural functions of a particular site or an entire watershed and thereby mitigate the adverse effects of erosion and sedimentation from development.
D. 
As a result, the purpose of this article is to safeguard public health, protect property, prevent damage to the environment and promote the public welfare by guiding, regulating, and controlling the design, construction, use, and maintenance of any development or other activity which disturbs or breaks the topsoil or results in the movement of earth on land in the Town of Greece. It seeks to meet those purposes by achieving the following objectives:
(1) 
Meet the requirements of minimum measures 4 and 5 of the SPDES General Permit for Stormwater Discharges from Municipal Separate Stormwater Sewer Systems (MS4s), Permit No. GP-02-02, or as amended or revised;
(2) 
Require land disturbance activities to conform to the substantive requirements of the NYS Department of Environmental Conservation State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES) General Permit for Construction Activities, or as amended or revised;
(3) 
Minimize increases in stormwater runoff from land disturbance activities in order to reduce flooding, siltation, increases in stream temperature, and streambank erosion and maintain the integrity of stream channels;
(4) 
Minimize increases in pollution caused by stormwater runoff from land disturbance activities which would otherwise degrade local water quality;
(5) 
Minimize the total annual volume of stormwater runoff which flows from any specific site during and following development to the maximum extent practicable; and
(6) 
Reduce stormwater runoff rates and volumes, soil erosion and nonpoint source pollution, wherever possible, through stormwater management practices and ensure that these management practices are properly maintained and eliminate threats to public safety.
This article shall be applicable to all land disturbance activities that will disturb one or more acre of land unless exempted under § 176-19B of this article. This article also applies to land disturbance activities that are less than a one-acre disturbance if such activities are part of a larger common plan of development or sale that will disturb one or more acres, even though multiple separate and distinct land disturbance activities may take place at different times on different schedules.
A. 
Compliance with this article does not relieve the applicant of the obligation and responsibility to obtain separate coverage under the NYSDEC SPDES General Permit for Construction Activities if required. For projects also applying for coverage under the NYSDEC SPDES General Permit for Stormwater Discharges from Construction Activity, the applicant shall submit a copy of the following to the Town of Greece Department of Public Works for review and approval: stormwater pollution prevention plan (SWPPP), a notice of intent (NOI) with a certification statement including the date demonstrating submission to the NYSDEC, a letter of permission from the NYSDEC granting approval to disturb five acres or greater of land at one time (if applicable) and any related documents.
B. 
The requirements of this article should be considered minimum requirements, and where any provision of this article imposes restrictions different from those imposed by any other federal, state, or local ordinance, rule or regulation, or other provision of law, the provisions that are more restrictive or impose more stringent requirements shall take precedence.
C. 
Construction activities that involve land disturbance may also require additional compliance measures detailed in other regulations and/or ordinances such as Article IV, Design and Management of Postconstruction Stormwater Pollution Prevention Measures, of this chapter.
A. 
The Town of Greece requires the use of technical standards for erosion and sediment controls. These are detailed in the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation's Standards and Specifications for Erosion and Sediment Control. For the design of water quality and water quantity controls (postconstruction stormwater runoff control practices), the NYSDEC's technical standards are detailed in the New York State Stormwater Management Design Manual.
B. 
Where stormwater management practices are not in accordance with the aforementioned technical standards, the applicant or developer must demonstrate equivalence to these technical standards and the SWPPP shall be prepared by a licensed/certified professional.
A. 
Application requirements.
(1) 
Any applicant requesting site plan approval or a permit for land disturbance activity which would require the disturbance of one or more acres of land shall also include with a submission a SWPPP that shall be reviewed and approved by the Stormwater Management Officer prior to issuance of the final site plan approval or a permit.
(a) 
No applicant shall be granted site plan approval or a permit which would require the disturbance of one or more acres of land without the review and approval of a SWPPP by the Stormwater Management Officer.
(b) 
Furthermore, prior to the issuance of a permit or site plan approval, all projects that would result in the disturbance of one or more acres of land will be required to comply with all applicable provisions of Article IV, Design and Management of Postconstruction Stormwater Pollution Prevention Measures, of this chapter. As part of the SWPPP, the applicant shall include a signed statement that all applicable requirements of Article IV have been met to the satisfaction of the Town of Greece.
(c) 
Each application shall bear the name(s) and address(es) of the owner or developer of the site, and of any consulting firm retained by the applicant, together with the name of the applicant's principal contact at such firm, and shall be accompanied by a filing fee as set forth in § 176-24.
(d) 
Each application shall include a comprehensive and complete SWPPP that shall be prepared in accordance with § 176-21 of this article.
(e) 
Each application shall include a statement that any land clearing, construction, or development involving the movement of land shall be in accordance with the submitted SWPPP.
(2) 
All land disturbance activities as defined in § 176-2 of this chapter not subject to site plan or permit approval shall be required to submit a SWPPP to the Stormwater Management Officer, who shall approve the SWPPP if it complies with the requirements of this article.
B. 
Exemptions. The following activities are exempt from review under this article:
(1) 
Any emergency activity, which is immediately necessary for the protection of public health, property or natural resources.
(2) 
Agricultural activity as defined in § 176-2.
(3) 
Silvicultural activity, except that landing areas and log haul roads are subject to this article.
(4) 
Routine maintenance activities that disturb fewer than five acres and are performed to maintain the original line and grade, hydraulic capacity or original purpose of a facility.
(5) 
Repairs to any stormwater treatment practice deemed necessary by the Town of Greece.
The Town of Greece requires the applicant to submit a financial guarantee in a form acceptable to the Town of Greece prior to issuance of site plan approval or a permit in order to insure that the stormwater pollution prevention and erosion and sediment control practices are implemented and maintained by the applicant as required by the approved SWPPP. The amount of the financial guarantee shall be the total estimated construction cost of the stormwater pollution prevention and erosion and sediment control practices approved, plus a contingency. The financial guarantee shall contain forfeiture provisions for failure to complete work specified in the SWPPP. The financial guarantee shall be released in full only upon satisfaction of the requirements listed in § 176-23 of this article. At its discretion, the Town of Greece may allow for a partial release of the financial guarantee based on the completion of various development stages.
A. 
Stormwater Management Officer; SWPPP required; exception to professional review requirement.
(1) 
The Town of Greece shall designate a Stormwater Management Officer who shall accept and review all SWPPPs and notify the Planning Board of the approval of the final document. A consultant cannot be appointed as a Stormwater Management Officer. The Stormwater Management Officer may:
(a) 
Review the plans;
(b) 
Engage the services of a New York State licensed professional engineer to review the plans, specifications and related documents at a cost not to exceed a fee schedule established by the Town Board; or
(c) 
Accept the certification of a licensed/certified professional that the plans conform to the requirements of this article.
(2) 
Prior to final approval of a land disturbance activity, a SWPPP shall be prepared by the applicant in accordance with the specifications outlined by the Town of Greece and submitted to the Stormwater Management Officer for review. This plan must be prepared in accordance with sound engineering practices by a qualified professional as defined in § 176-2 of this chapter. The final plan must be signed by a New York State licensed professional engineer (PE), who will certify that the design of all stormwater pollution prevention and erosion and sediment control practices meets the requirements outlined in the New York Standards and Specifications for Erosion and Sediment Control and shall be adequate to prevent transportation of sediment from the site to the satisfaction of the Stormwater Management Officer.
(3) 
The requirement to have a SWPPP prepared by a qualified professional and to have the final plan signed and certified by a New York State licensed professional engineer (PE) are not applicable to land disturbance activities that meet technical standards and are five acres or less occurring on a single-family residence, which is not part of a larger common plan of development, or an agricultural property. In addition, these land disturbance activities must not discharge directly to a 303(d) impaired water body or must not be located in a total maximum daily load (TMDL) watershed.
B. 
Minimum requirements. All SWPPPs shall provide the following background information and erosion and sediment controls:
(1) 
Background information about the scope of the project, including location, type and size of project and contact information that includes the name, address, and telephone number of all persons having a legal interest in the property and the tax reference number and parcel number of the subject property or properties.
(2) 
Site map/construction drawing(s) for the project, including a general location map and a topographic base map of the site, at a scale of one inch equals 100 feet, which extends a minimum of 200 feet beyond the limits of the proposed development. At a minimum, the site map should show the total site area; all improvements; areas of disturbance; areas that will not be disturbed; existing vegetation; on-site and adjacent off-site surface water(s), including receiving waters (name of the water), streams, ponds, culverts, ditches, and wetlands as well as drainage patterns that could be affected by the construction activity; existing and final slopes; locations of utilities, roads, soils types, forest cover, and significant natural and man-made features not otherwise shown; locations of off-site material, waste, borrow or equipment storage areas, proposed concrete clean-out basin(s) and construction entrance; and location(s) of the stormwater discharge(s); and resources protected under other chapters of this Code or by easements.
(3) 
Description of the soil(s) present at the site.
(4) 
Construction phasing plan describing the intended sequence of construction activities, including clearing and grubbing, excavation and grading, utility and infrastructure installation, final grading and landscaping, and any other activity at the site that results in soil disturbance. Sequencing shall identify the expected date on which clearing will begin and the estimated duration of exposure of cleared areas. Consistent with the New York State Standards and Specifications for Erosion and Sediment Control, not more than five acres shall be disturbed at any one time unless pursuant to an approved SWPPP and a letter of permission from the NYSDEC.
(5) 
A description of the pollution prevention measures that will be used to control litter and prevent construction chemicals and construction debris from becoming a pollutant source in the stormwater discharges; a description of construction and waste materials expected to be stored on-site with updates as appropriate; a description of controls that will be implemented to reduce pollutants from these materials, including storage practices to minimize exposure of the materials to stormwater; and a description of spill prevention and response measures.
(6) 
A description of the temporary and permanent structural and vegetative measures to be used for soil stabilization, runoff control and sediment control for each stage of the project, from initial land disturbance to project closeout, including who will be responsible for the maintenance and implementation of said features at the site and what practices will be employed to ensure that adequate vegetative cover is established and preserved. For temporary and permanent vegetative control measures, the seeding mixtures and rates, types of sod, method of seedbed preparation, depth of topsoil, expected seeding dates, type and rate of lime and fertilizer application, and kind and quantity of mulching shall be provided.
(7) 
A site map/construction drawing(s) specifying the location(s), size(s) and length(s) of each erosion and sediment control practice.
(8) 
Illustration of all necessary erosion and sediment control measures, including the siting and sizing of any temporary sediment basins and the dimensions, material specifications and installation details for each throughout all phases of construction and completion of development of the site. Depending upon the complexity of the project, the drafting of intermediate plans may be required at the close of each season.
(9) 
Identification of all temporary practices that will be converted to permanent control measures.
(10) 
Implementation schedule for staging temporary erosion and sediment control practices, including the timing of initial placement and duration that each practice should remain in place.
(11) 
Identification of the parts or components of the SWPPP that require maintenance. Furthermore it shall also provide a schedule of required maintenance and identify the party responsible for such work.
(12) 
Description of structural practices designed to divert flows from exposed soils, store flows, or otherwise limit runoff and the discharge of pollutants from exposed areas of the site to the degree attainable.
(13) 
Any existing data that describes the stormwater runoff at the site.
(14) 
Assurance that all other applicable environmental permits have been acquired for the site prior to initial land disturbance. Copies of the applicable environmental permits shall be provided to the Town of Greece.
(15) 
Assurance that the applicant or its responsible individual, as defined in § 176-2, shall be on site at all times when earthwork takes place and shall inspect and document the effectiveness of all erosion and sediment control practices.
(16) 
Assurance that all contractors and subcontractors involved in soil disturbance and/or stormwater management practice installation and maintenance shall be identified in the SWPPP. All such contractors and subcontractors shall sign a copy of the following certification statement before undertaking any land disturbance activity at the site: "I certify under penalty of law that I understand and agree to comply with the terms and conditions of the SWPPP. I also understand that it is unlawful for any person to cause or contribute to a violation of the water quality standards." The certification must include the name and title of the person providing the signature, address and telephone number of the contracting firm; the address (or other identifying description) of the site; and the date the certification is made. The certification statement must be included in the SWPPP.
C. 
Modifications to the plan after approval.
(1) 
Major amendments of the SWPPP shall be submitted to the Stormwater Management Officer and shall be approved or disapproved.
(2) 
The applicant shall amend the SWPPP whenever:
(a) 
There is a significant change in design, construction, operation, or maintenance which may have a significant effect on the potential for the discharge of pollutants to the waters of the United States and which has not otherwise been addressed in the SWPPP; or
(b) 
The SWPPP proves to be ineffective in providing the proper stormwater pollution prevention and erosion and sediment control as required by this article; amendments to the SWPPP must be made. A copy of the newly amended SWPPP must be provided to the Stormwater Management Officer, within five business days, for review and approval.
(3) 
Additionally, the SWPPP shall be amended to identify any new contractor or subcontractor that will implement any measure of the SWPPP. The Stormwater Management Officer may request copies of signed contractor certification statements from new contractors/subcontractors working on the site.
(4) 
Field modifications of a minor nature may be authorized by the Stormwater Management Officer by written authorization to the applicant.
A. 
Town of Greece inspections.
(1) 
The Town of Greece or designated agent as defined in § 176-2 shall make inspections as hereinafter required and shall either approve that portion of the work completed or shall notify the applicant that the work fails to comply with the SWPPP. In addition, the Town of Greece reserves the right to enter the work site at any reasonable time for purposes of inspection. The SWPPP and the records of any inspections completed by the owner or its agent shall be maintained at the site in the site logbook from the date of initiation of construction activities to the date of final stabilization. To obtain inspections, the applicant shall notify the Town of Greece at least 48 hours before the following activities occur:
(a) 
Start of construction.
(b) 
Erosion and sediment control measures have been installed and stabilized.
(c) 
Site clearing has been completed.
(d) 
Rough grading has been completed.
(e) 
Final grading has been completed.
(f) 
Close of the construction season.
(g) 
Final landscaping.
(h) 
Closeout inspection.
(2) 
The above inspection time table does not relieve the owner of the obligation under this or any other permit or regulation to conduct regular inspections as set forth in said permit and/or regulation.
(3) 
If any violations are found, the applicant and developer shall be notified in writing of the nature of the violation and the required corrective actions. No further earthwork shall be conducted on the site, except for site stabilization, until the violations are corrected and approved by the Town of Greece.
B. 
Property owner/developer inspections.
(1) 
The applicant shall employ a responsible individual, as defined in § 176-2 of this chapter, who will oversee the implementation of the SWPPP on a daily basis. The responsible individual shall be on site at all times when construction or grading activity takes place and shall inspect and document the effectiveness of all erosion and sediment control practices. The applicant shall also employ the services of a qualified professional in erosion and sediment control who will inspect and document the effectiveness of all erosion and sediment control practices. The documentation will be kept in a site logbook. Inspection reports will be completed every seven days and within 24 hours of any storm event producing 0.5 inch of precipitation or more and provided to the Stormwater Management Officer by e-mail within 24 hours of the inspection. A monthly summary of reports will be copied to the site logbook and delivered to the Stormwater Management Officer within five days after the month's end.
(2) 
The requirement to employ a qualified professional to inspect and document the effectiveness of all erosion and sediment control practices is not applicable to land disturbance activities of five acres or less occurring on a single-family residence, which is not part of a larger common plan of development or on an agricultural property. In addition, these land disturbance activities must not discharge directly to a 303(d) impaired water body or must not be located in a total maximum daily load (TMDL) watershed.
A. 
Duration.
(1) 
For a project that requires a NYSDEC SPDES Permit, the SWPPP approved by the Stormwater Management Officer shall be in effect until:
(a) 
The site has been finally stabilized;
(b) 
A notice of termination (NOT) is submitted to the NYSDEC in accordance with the general permit; and
(c) 
A final inspection has been completed by the Town of Greece.
(2) 
For projects that do not require a NYSDEC NOT, the SWPPP is in effect until a final inspection is conducted and the Stormwater Management Officer has issued the applicant written approval.
B. 
Maintenance.
(1) 
The applicant shall at all times properly operate and maintain all stormwater management facilities and erosion and sediment control measures which are installed or used by the applicant to achieve compliance with the conditions of this article. Sediment shall be removed from sediment traps or sediment ponds whenever their design capacity has been reduced by 50%. The land disturbance activity shall not cause an increase in turbidity that will result in substantial visible contrast to natural conditions in surface waters of the State of New York.
(2) 
At the end of the construction season when soil disturbance activities will be finalized or suspended until the following spring, it may be desirable to reduce the frequency of the required weekly site inspections to monthly inspections. In order to reduce inspection frequencies, the applicant must complete stabilization activities before proper installation is precluded by snow cover or frozen ground. If vegetation is used as a stabilization method, seeding, planting, and/or sodding must be scheduled to avoid fall frosts and to allow for proper germination/establishment. Installations and maintenance must be done according to the New York State Standards and Specifications for Erosion and Sediment Control.
C. 
Closeout. The applicant must satisfy the following project closeout requirements:
(1) 
Reestablish grade of all permanent stormwater facilities.
(2) 
Inspect grading of all drainage structures and provide elevation as-builts to the Town of Greece.
(3) 
Establish perennial vegetative cover to a density of 80% over 100% of the site.
(4) 
Removal of all debris and temporary erosion and sediment control practices.
(5) 
Provide a written certification by a New York State licensed/certified professional that the site has undergone final stabilization (as defined in § 176-2) and that all temporary erosion and sediment controls not needed for long-term erosion control have been removed.
(6) 
Complete any other measure deemed appropriate and necessary by the Town of Greece to stabilize the project site.
The developer, prior to the scheduling a preconstruction meeting, shall pay the stormwater fees as established by the Town Board of the Town of Greece.