[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 1]
Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meanings of terms used in this Part shall be as follows:
- The Plumstead Township Municipal Authority.
- BOD (BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND)
- The quantity of oxygen, expressed in parts per million (milligrams per liter) by weight, utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under laboratory procedure for five days at 20° C. The standard laboratory procedure shall be that found in the latest revised edition of Standard Methods.
- COUNTY AUTHORITY
- The Bucks County Water and Sewer Authority, Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
- CHLORINE DEMAND
- The amount of chlorine, in parts per million (milligrams per liter) by weight, which must be added to the wastewater to produce a specified residual chlorine content or to meet the requirements of some other objective, in accordance with procedures set forth in Standard Methods.
- COMMERCIAL AND INSTITUTIONAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Any structure or store, office or other unit thereof intended to be used, wholly or in part, for the purposes of carrying on a trade, business or profession or for social, amusement, educational, charitable or public use.
- CONSULTING ENGINEER
- The engineer retained by the County Authority or the Joint Authority or the Township, as indicated. In each case, such engineer shall be versed in sanitary engineering.
- The solid waste from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and disposal of food and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
- INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Any structure or separate unit thereof intended to be used, wholly or in part, for the manufacturing, fabricating, processing, cleaning, laundering or assembly of any product, commodity or article.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTE
- Any solids, liquids or gaseous substance or form of energy rejected or escaping from any industrial, manufacturing, trade or business process or from the development, recovery or processing of natural resources and distinct from sanitary sewage.
- JOINT AUTHORITY
- The Chalfont-New Britain Township Joint Sewage Authority, Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
- Any individual, group, company, association, society or corporation applying for permission to connect or use the sewer system.
- The logarithm of the reciprocal of the hydrogen ion concentration, expressed in moles per liter, and indicates the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a substance.
- PPM (PARTS PER MILLION)
- Milligrams per liter or weight-to-weight ratio; the parts per million multiplied by the factor 8.345 shall be equivalent to pounds per million gallons of water.
- PRIVATE DWELLING
- Any structure intended to be occupied as a whole by one family.
- SANITARY SEWAGE
- The domestic waste or normal wastewater carried from households and toilet wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions, and commercial, institutional and industrial establishments.
- SANITARY SEWERS
- The system of, pipes and facilities operated or caused to be operated by the Township, the County Authority and the Joint Authority, for the collection of sanitary sewage and acceptable industrial wastes, in and for the Township and the areas served by the County Authority and the Joint Authority.
- SEWAGE TREATMENT WORKS
- All the facilities of the Township, the County Authority and the Joint Authority for collecting, pumping, treating and the disposing of sewage and any such facilities of any other municipality to which the Township sewer system may in the future be connected.
- SEWER MANAGER
- Any person who may, from time to time, be placed in general charge of the sewer system.
- SEWER SYSTEM
- All facilities operated or caused to be operated by the Township for the collection and disposal of sanitary sewage and acceptable industrial waste in and for the Township, whether or not interconnected, and all such facilities of the County Authority and the Joint Authority to which the Township system is connected.
- Any discharge of sewage or waste exceeding a concentration or flow greater than five times that of an average twenty-four-hour discharge, which is discharged for a period of 15 minutes or more.
- STANDARD METHODS
- The laboratory and analytical procedures as set forth in the latest revised edition of "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater," as published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association and the Water Pollution Control Federation.
- The additional charge in excess of the basic charge and never less than the basic charge for the treatment of industrial waste, based upon the extra strength of waste applied as a factor against charges for sanitary sewage.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- The solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids which are removed by laboratory filtration.
- The Township of Plumstead, Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
- WATER COMPANY
- That private water company providing water service to customers connected to the sewer system.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 2; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 1]
There is hereby imposed upon each property located within the Township, served by the sewer system and having available to it the use thereof, sewer rents or charges, payable as hereinafter provided, for the use, whether direct or indirect, of the sewer system, based on the schedules of classifications and rates hereinafter set forth.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 3; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 1]
For each property located within the Township served by the sewer system and having available to it the use thereof, there is hereby imposed a base charge of $224 per year, payable in quarterly installments of $56 each, as hereinafter provided.
Multiple Use. In case of a combination of one or more commercial, industrial or institutional establishments, private dwellings (including mobile home space, row houses, semidetached houses and townhouses and individual dwelling units within a multiple-dwelling building), firehouses, churches, schools or municipal buildings in one property all having the use of the sewer system through one sewer connection, then each such establishment shall be charged the above-mentioned base charge as through each were separately connected to the sewer system; and if there is only one water meter for any such combination, the Township may estimate the amount of water used by each individual establishment if necessary for the purpose of establishing additional sewer rental charges imposed by § 18-404 hereof.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 4; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 1]
Meter Rates. For all properties located within the Township served by the sewer system and having available to it the use thereof, other than (A) private dwellings (including each mobile home space, or house, semidetached house and townhouse and individual dwelling unit within a multiple dwelling building), (B) firehouses, (C) churches, and (D) municipal buildings, there is hereby imposed an additional sewer rental, payable quarterly, for all discharge to the sewer system in excess of 14,000 gallons for any three-month period, based on the quantity of water used (or on discharge to the sewer system as hereinafter provided), at the rate of $4 per 1,000 gallons of water used (or discharged to the sewer system as hereinafter provided).
Schools. Schools shall be charged additional sewer rental, based upon the quantity of water used by them (or on discharge to the sewer system), at the rates and in the manner provided in Subsection 1 hereof; provided, however, that notwithstanding said Subsection 1, the additional sewer rental charge for each school for each quarterly billing period ending September 30 shall not be less than an amount equal to the average of the additional sewer rental charges for the three billing periods next preceding the period ending September 30 in each year.
Other Seasonal or Intermittent Use. Additional sewer rentals (for any quarterly billing period) imposed upon seasonal or other intermittent users of the sewer system, other than schools, at the sole discretion of the Township, may be based upon actual flow or upon average peak period flow; provided, however, that the Township shall not impose additional sewer rentals on the basis of average peak period flow until it shall have received at least one full year's flow record with respect to the subject user.
The Township reserves the right to require any property not subject to payment of additional sewer rentals hereunder to pay such rentals if, because of suspected infiltration or for any other reason, the Board of Supervisors of the Township believes that such property is discharging to the sewer system flow in excess of 14,000 gallons per use per quarter. Such additional sewer rentals shall be imposed by resolution of the Board of Supervisors of the Township upon not less than 10 days' prior written notice to the subject property owner. In such event, the Authority or Township, at its own expense, may require the installation of water or sewage measuring devices as provided in § 18-406 hereof.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 5; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 1]
In addition to sewer rents and charges imposed hereby, there is hereby imposed upon each committed basic billing unit (hereinafter defined) a reserve capacity charge of $168 per year, payable in equal quarterly installments in accordance with the provisions of § 18-408 hereof.
By appropriate action of the Board of Supervisors, the Township shall establish rules and regulations regarding commitments of reserve capacity in the sewer system to anticipated future users. Under such rules and regulations, the owner of any property in the Township not connected to the sewer system and the owner of any property already connected to the sewer system but desiring to reserve the right to make additional connections to the sewer system may make application for reservation of capacity in the sewer system for such future anticipated use. From and after granting of such reservation of capacity by the Township, the reserve capacity charge hereinabove imposed shall be payable.
For the purpose of this Part, one reserve capacity charge shall be payable with respect to each reservation of the following uses:
A private dwelling (including each mobile home space, row house, semidetached house and townhouse and individual dwelling unit within a multiple-dwelling building).
A municipal building.
With respect to any other use for which capacity is reserved, one reserve capacity charge shall be payable for each 14,000 gallons of flow (or any portion thereof) estimated by the Township or its consulting engineer to be discharged from such property per quarter-annual period.
Each use described in Subsection 3A through E above shall be deemed a basic billing unit for the purposes of this Part.
Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to require that the Township grant any reserve capacity commitments.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974; as added by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 1]
Methods of Measuring Volume.
Except as herein otherwise provided, whenever a person purchasing all water used from the water company discharges sanitary sewage and/or industrial waste into the sewer system, the volume of water used, as determined from meter readings of the water company, shall be used in computing the sewer rentals.
Except where water meter readings are not to be used in computing sewer rentals, where a person has a source of water supply in addition to or other than from the water company and discharges sanitary sewage and/or industrial waste into the sewer system, such person shall permit the Township or Authority to install a meter on such additional or other source of supply. The total amount of water consumed as shown by these meter readings will be used in computing the sewer rentals.
In cases where a person uses water from the water company and/or from an independent supply such that all or part of the water so used is not discharged into the sewer system, the quantity of water used to determine the sewer rentals shall be computed by one of the following methods as determined by the Sewer Manager:
Method No. 1: by placing a meter or measuring device on the sewer connection. The readings from this meter or measuring device shall be used in computing the sewer rentals.
Method No. 2: by placing a meter or measuring device on the effluent not discharging into the sewer system. The reading from this meter or measuring device will then be deducted from the total water meter readings, and the remainder will be used in computing the sewer rentals.
Method No. 3: When it is not practical to install measuring devices to determine continuously the quantity of water not discharged into the sewer system., the Sewer Manager will determine, in such manner and by such method as he may prescribe, the percentage of metered water discharged into the sewer system, and the quantity of water used to compute the sewer rentals shall be the percentage so determined of the quantity measured by the water meter or meters. Any dispute as to the estimated amount shall be submitted to the Board of Supervisors of the Township after notice of the estimate, whose decision on the matter shall be final.
With respect to any property connected to the sewer system, the Township, at its sole discretion, may be determined that, because of suspected infiltration or for any other reason, water meter readings are not an appropriate measure of sewer system usage. In such event, the Authority or the Township, at its own expense, shall cause a meter or metering device to be placed on the sewer connection. The readings from this meter or measuring device shall be used in computing the additional sewer rentals.
Measuring Devices. All meters or measuring devices required to be used under the provisions of this Part (except those provided by the water company or those provided by the Township or Authority under Subsection 1B above) shall be furnished and installed by the Township at the expense of the property owner. All such meters or measuring devices (except those provided by the water company) shall be under the control of the Township and may be tested, inspected or repaired by Township employees or agents whenever the Sewer Manager shall deem necessary. The owner of the property upon which such measuring device is installed shall be responsible for its maintenance and safekeeping; and all repairs thereto shall be made by the Township at the property owner's expense, whether such repairs are made necessary by ordinary wear and tear or other causes. Bills for such installation and repairs shall be due and payable at the same time and collected in the same manner as are the bills for sewer services. Such bills, from and after their due date, shall constitute a lien upon the property upon which such measuring device is installed.
Meter Readings. The Township shall be responsible for the reading of all meters or measuring devices (except to the extent the water company's readings are used), and they shall be made available to Township employees or agents for meter readings at any reasonable time.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 6; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 2]
If use or classification of any property should change within any quarterly period, the difference in the sewer rental, prorated on a monthly basis to the nearest calendar month, will be charged or credited, as the case may be, on the bill for the succeeding quarterly period. Additional classifications and additional sewer rentals may be established by the Township from time to time.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 7; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 3]
Sewer rentals or charges and reserve capacity charges shall be billed quarterly as of the last business day of the calendar quarter and shall be due and payable on their respective dates. The bills for properties connecting during a billing period will be prorated on the basis of the applicable rate. The bills for the first billed period after this Part is enacted shall be prorated.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 8; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 4]
Quarterly charges for sewer service shall be subject to a penalty of 5% if not paid within 30 days after they are due. If not paid within 60 days after becoming due, the bill plus the penalty shall bear interest from the due date at the rate of 1% per month or fraction thereof until paid, and the Township shall have the right to cut off sewer service from such premises and not to restore the same until all bills against the same and the cost of cutting off and restoring service shall have been paid.
All persons connected to the sewer system must give the Township their correct address. Failure to receive bills will not be considered an excuse for nonpayment nor permit an extension of the period during which bills are payable at face.
All sewer rentals, together with all penalties thereon, not paid on or before the end of one year from the date of each bill shall be deemed to be delinquent. All delinquent sewer rentals and all penalties thereon shall be a lien against such property in the office of the Prothonotary of Bucks County and shall be collected in the manner provided by law for the filing and collection of such liens.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 9; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 5]
The funds received by the Township from the collection of the sewer rentals and charges and all penalties thereon, as herein provided for, and any fines collected by the Township in connection with the sewer system shall be segregated, earmarked and deposited in a separate fund, to be designated as the "Sewer Revenue Account."
The funds received by the Township from payment of connection charges, inspection charges and tapping fees and all penalties thereon, imposed by the Authority and collected by the Township as its agent, shall be deposited in the above-mentioned Sewer Revenue Account.
Said funds shall be used only for the purpose specified in any lease or agreement it may enter into for and of, or in connection with, said sewer system, with the Authority, in accordance with the provisions of the Act of May 2, 1945, P.L. 382, as amended and supplemented.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 10; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 5; by Ord. 97-4-15, 4/15/1997; and by Ord. 2004-07, 12/7/2004, § 1]
Approval of Industrial Wastes.
In order to control the admission of industrial waste or any other waste not defined as sanitary sewage into the sewer system, the written approval of the Township, and also the consent of the County Authority and the Joint Authority, must be obtained prior to the discharge of such waste.
As the sewage treatment works cannot treat all waste, preliminary treatment may be required before discharge into the sewer system. Any waste containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the biological treatment processes employed within the sewage treatment works, or are amenable only to such a degree that such works' effluent cannot meet the requirements of other agencies having jurisdiction over the discharge to the stream, will require preliminary treatment.
Each industry making application for permission to discharge any industrial waste into the sewer system shall furnish to the Township and to the County Authority and the Joint Authority, where indicated in Subsection 1A above, all the information necessary to determine the quantity of such waste, the nature and quality of materials therein and the characteristics thereof. Approval of such application shall be in the discretion of the Township, and of the County Authority and the Joint Authority where indicated above, provided that all applicants of similar type shall be treated similarly.
The rate of flow at which any industrial waste can be discharged shall be at the discretion of the Township, and of the County Authority and the Joint Authority where indicated as aforesaid.
Any industry applying for a permit to discharge any industrial waste into the sewer system from new or existing facilities is required to furnish in quadruplicate a complete set of engineering reports, plans and specifications covering the connections to and from the plant waste treatment facilities. This applies also to alterations or additions to such connections or treatment facilities. Reports and supporting data herein referred to must be prepared by a professional engineer registered in Pennsylvania. Such report shall be subject to review by the Township consulting engineer, and the County Authority consulting engineer and the Joint Authority consulting engineer where indicated as aforesaid, who shall be other than the engineer making the report.
Adequate means shall be provided at each industrial connection with the sewer system for the periodic determination of all characteristics and concentrations of the waste. Samples shall be collected in such a manner as to be representative of the actual quality of the waste, and "Standard Methods of Analysis" shall be used. Waste shall also be subject to analysis by the Township, the County Authority and the Joint Authority.
A suitable manhole shall be installed in the building discharging the industrial waste into the sewer system to facilitate observation, sampling and measuring of the waste being discharged. Such manhole shall be constructed in accordance with plans and specifications approved by the Township. The manhole shall be installed and maintained in a safe condition at the expense of the owner of the premises being served and be so located as to be accessible at all times to authorized employees and agents of the Township, the County Authority and the Joint Authority without the consent of such owner.
Any authorized employee or agent of the Township or the County Authority or the Joint Authority shall be permitted to enter upon any private property discharging industrial waste into the sewer system at any time for the purpose of observation, measuring, sampling, repair and maintenance of any portion of the sewer system which is an obligation of the Township.
No person shall maliciously, willfully or negligently break, uncover, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is part of the sewer system. Any person, firm or corporation who shall violate any provision of this Part, upon conviction thereof in an action brought before a District Justice in the manner provided for the enforcement of summary offenses under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not less than $10 more than $1,000 plus costs and, in default of payment of said fine and costs, to a term of imprisonment not to exceed 90 days. Each day that a violation of this Part continues and each Section of this Part which shall be found to have been violated shall constitute a separate offense.
No statement in this Part shall be construed as preventing any special agreement between the Township, the County Authority, the Joint Authority and any person whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may not be accepted by the Township or the County Authority or the Joint Authority for treatment, subject to payment therefor by the industry.
Each discharge of industrial waste will be considered on its own merits and will require a special agreement with the Township, the County Authority and with the Joint Authority where such waste will be treated at the Joint Authority's plant. The agreement shall be for a period of one year. The Township, the County Authority and the Joint Authority reserve the right to cancel or renew any agreement with an industry after one year. If the Township elects not to cancel the agreement on or before its anniversary, the agreement will automatically renew itself for another period of one year, unless the County Authority or the Joint Authority elects to cancel within the same period.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 11; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 5]
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff or subsurface drainage into the sewer system.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following into the sewer system:
Any ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, fur, plastics, wood, paunch manure, butcher's offal, hair or any other solids or viscous substance capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers or interference with the proper operation of the sewer system.
Any inert insoluble solids such as asphalt clay, slag and mill scale or sludges and slurries.
Any waters or waste containing any quantities of formaldehyde, carbide waste or phenols.
Any waters or waste containing radioactive isotopes.
Any noxious or malodorous substances not mentioned in the foregoing list that will pass through the sewage treatment works and exceed the State and interstate requirements for the receiving stream.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 12; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 5]
Except as otherwise provided in this Part, no person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following-described substances, materials or waste into the sewer system:
Any cooling water, unpolluted industrial or commercial process water.
Any vapor or steam.
Any liquid having a temperature higher than 140° F.
Any fluid waste containing in excess of 100 parts per million of fat, oil, wax, or grease, either vegetable or mineral, or containing substances which may solidify between 32° F. and 100° F.
Any liquids, solids or gases, such as benzene, gasoline, naphtha, fuel oil or other volatile, explosive or flammable substance, which, by reason of its nature or quality, may cause fire or explosion or be in any way injurious to persons, to the sewer system or the operation thereof.
Any unshredded garbage. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipped with a motor of greater than 1/2 horsepower shall be subject to review and approval by the Township, the County Authority and the Joint Authority.
Any waste containing a five-day BOD in excess of 250 ppm.
Any waste containing a total solids content in excess of 800 ppm.
Any waste having a chlorine demand in excess of 10 ppm.
Any fluid having a pH lower than 5.5 or higher than 9.5.
Any wastewater containing any substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the biochemical wastewater treatment processes employed or are amenable to the treatment only to such a degree that the effluent of the sewage treatment works cannot meet the requirements of agencies having jurisdiction over the discharge to the receiving stream.
Any toxic substance not mentioned in the foregoing list that will pass through the treatment works and exceed the maximum permitted levels for such substance under the requirements of State or other governmental agencies.
Any substance prohibited by any permit issued by Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Any waste containing toxic or poisonous substance in excess of the following limits, measured at the point of discharge into the sanitary sewers:
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 13; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 5]
The following regulations shall apply:
A garbage disposal unit with a motor of 1/2 horsepower or less may be installed in any single-family dwelling or unit without a permit.
Air-conditioning units using 20 gallons of water per minute or less and having a discharge temperature of not over 140° F. may discharge into the sewer system.
Floor drains used for washing and cleaning will be permitted only on application to the Township, the County Authority and the Joint Authority and only after provisions have been made for the removal of sand, grit, oil, grease, garbage or any other materials.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 14; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 5]
In the event that the owner or operator of any industrial or commercial establishment fails to conform or comply with the terms and conditions of its agreement with the Township and the County Authority and the Joint Authority, as applicable, pertaining to the discharge of its wastes, which failure causes damage to the sewer system or to any employee thereof, the owner or operator shall be liable for such damage; or, in the event of the discharge of any substance that kills fish, the owner or operator shall be liable for the damages thereof. The limit of the damage shall be determined by the Township, the County Authority and the Joint Authority, where its facilities are involved, and the owner or operator shall be billed therefor. Legal action may be taken to enforce collection, or the Township may resort to the termination of its connection to the sewer system.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 15; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 5]
Any industrial waste of unusual strength or character accepted by the Township, the County Authority and the Joint Authority shall be subject to a surcharge to be paid by the industrial or commercial establishment concerned. The basic rate for the surcharge shall be the rate per 1,000 gallons as set forth in § 18-404 above, as follows:
The surcharge is based on a waste having a five-day 20° C. BOD greater than 250 ppm.
A total solids content greater than 800 ppm.
In the case of waste containing heavy metals, either in suspension or solution, or when, in the opinion of the Township, the suspended solids do not represent the true characteristics of the solids loading, the Township reserves the right to use total solids instead of suspended solids.
In the case of waste containing substances or materials that only can be treated with extra care and costs and where the surcharge as stated above does not apply, they may accept after a study of the waste has been made and a formula for the discharge has been established.
In order to ascertain the strength of every industrial waste, the Township or the County Authority or the Joint Authority shall cause appropriate analysis to be made at least four times each year of every industrial waste entering the sewer system, the coverage of which shall be used to establish the surcharge for the ensuing year. The Township reserves the right to, and may from time to time, adopt, revise amend and readopt such rules and regulations as it deems necessary and proper for the use and operation of the sewer system.
[Ord. 20, 1/31/1974, § 16; as amended by Ord. 30, 7/8/1975, § 5]
The rules and regulations hereunder shall become effective on the earliest date permitted by law and shall be applicable to all properties as soon as they respectively become connected with and have the right to use the sewer system. The Township reserves the right to make such changes from time to time as, in its opinion, may be desirable or beneficial and to amend this Part or to change the rates or charges in such manner and at such times as, in its opinion, may be advisable or as may be required by any lease referred to in § 18-409 hereof.