Borough of Bellefonte, PA
Centre County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The developer shall provide all improvements required by these regulations. The specifications for the improvements contained herein shall apply.
A. 
Monument placement. Monuments must be set at:
(1) 
The intersection of all street and right-of-way lines;
(2) 
The intersection of lines forming angles in the boundaries of the subdivision and land development; and
(3) 
Such intermediate points as may be required by the Borough Engineer.
B. 
Marker placement. Markers must be set:
(1) 
At all corners except those monumented; and
(2) 
By the time the property is offered for sale.
C. 
Size and material. Monuments and markers shall be the following sizes and made of the following materials:
(1) 
Monuments shall be six inches square or four inches in diameter and shall be 30 inches long. Monuments shall be made of concrete, stone or by setting a four-inch cast iron or steel pipe filled with concrete.
(2) 
Markers shall be 3/4 inch square or 3/4 inch in diameter and 30 inches long. Markers shall be made of iron pipes or iron or steel bars.
D. 
Placement. Monuments and markers must be placed so that the scored or marked point coincides exactly with the point of intersection of the lines being monumented. They must be set so that the top of the monument or marker is level with the finished grade of the surrounding ground. Monuments must be marked on top with a copper or brass plate or dowel set in the concrete.
E. 
Removal. Any monuments or markers that are removed must be replaced by a registered engineer or surveyor at the expense of the person removing them.
Pavement and construction. Streets shall be designed in accordance with Article VI herein and shall be surfaced to the grades and dimensions drawn on the plans, profiles and cross sections submitted by the applicant and approved by the Borough Council. Before paving the street surface, the developer shall install the required utilities and provide, where necessary, adequate underdrains and stormwater drainage for the streets, as acceptable to the Borough Council. The pavement base and wearing surface must be constructed according to the following specifications and as outlined in § 500-14D above.
A. 
Subgrade.
(1) 
No base course shall be placed on wet, frozen or unsuitable material. Unsuitable material is defined by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Publication 408, as amended.
(2) 
Subgrade in fill area shall be compacted in not more than twelve-inch layers with a minimum roller weight of 10 tons or equivalent compaction.
(3) 
Subgrade that has been distributed by trenching shall be backfilled and compacted in eight-inch layers and inspected by the Borough Engineer or a designated agent.
(4) 
Unsuitable material in subgrade shall be removed and replaced with material acceptable to the Borough Engineer.
(5) 
The moisture content at the time of compaction and density of the finished subgrade shall be in accordance with the specifications as set forth by Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Publication 408, as amended.
(6) 
Any springs or spongy areas shall be provided with a proper underdrain system which is connected to the storm sewer system.
(7) 
Subgrade shall be inspected by the Borough Engineer or a designated agent prior to the placement of the base course.
B. 
Base course.
(1) 
Minor streets. Base course shall be consistent with the requirements of § 500-14D contained herein, in accordance with the specifications as set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
(2) 
Collector streets. Base course shall be consistent with the requirements of § 500-14D contained herein, in accordance with the specifications as set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
(3) 
Arterial streets. For the construction of arterial roads or highways, the applicant shall consult the Planning Commission and Borough Council and be governed by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation for the method of construction to be used.
(4) 
Base course shall be inspected by the Borough Engineer or his designated agent prior to the placing of binder course.
(5) 
Base shall have binder applied as soon as possible to avoid damage to the base.
(6) 
All foreign material shall be removed from base course prior to placing binder course.
(7) 
Base shall be compacted with a vibrating tamper or vibrating roller.
(8) 
The Borough Council shall decide if a collector or arterial street is required as a direct result of the subdivision or land development, in which case the developer is responsible for paving the additional width required.
C. 
Surface course.
(1) 
Minor and collector streets. Surface course shall be consistent with the requirements of § 500-14D contained herein, in accordance with the specifications as set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
(2) 
Surface course shall be sealed wherever it comes in contact with another surface (i.e., curb, manhole, inlet, etc.). This work shall be done in accordance with Pennsylvania Department of Transportation specifications.
(3) 
Surface course shall be inspected by the Borough Engineer or his designated agent after completion of all work.
D. 
Shoulders. The base course shall consist of six inches of compacted stone, gravel or slag constructed in accordance with the specifications as set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. The bituminous seal coat shall be constructed in accordance with the applicable requirements of the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
E. 
Driveway entrances. Driveway entrances or aprons within the street right-of-way shall be surfaced to their full width, and in no case shall be less than 12 feet wide for residential developments and 18 feet wide for commercial or industrial developments. In no case shall the driveway entrance be more than two feet wider than the driveway. The type of surface to be either plain cement concrete, minimum depth of four inches, or the same as specified above. Where sidewalks are installed, the required driveway surfacing shall end at the street side of the sidewalk.
(1) 
Driveway entrances along streets where curbs are not required shall be constructed to provide proper drainage along the streets and from the streets by the continuation of gutters, swales or ditches. Such continuation may be provided by having an approved pipe of not less than 15 inches in diameter across such driveway entrances.
(2) 
Driveway entrances along streets where curbs are not required shall be constructed so that the driveway meets that edge of the cartway as a continuation of at least the slope from the crown of the street for not less than five feet.
(3) 
Where proposed driveways provide access onto a state highway (Pennsylvania or United States route), the design of such driveway access and drainage shall be prepared in accordance with the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation and shall be subject to the approval and issuance of permits by the Department. A note shall be placed on the plan stating "that a Highway Occupancy Permit is required pursuant to Section 420 of the State Highway Law before driveway access to a state highway is permitted." The Borough Council may issue a final plat approval if a permit has been secured or the notice of requirement for such a permit is placed on the plan. No building permit will be issued for affected lots until such a highway occupancy permit has been secured.
(4) 
The curb height at driveway entrances may be reduced to a minimum of 1.5 inches for driveway entrances along streets where curbs are required. The maximum width of reduced curb height shall be 20 feet for residential driveways and 35 feet for commercial or industrial driveways. Sidewalks across driveway entrances, where required, shall be constructed in accordance with Borough standards.
F. 
Underdrain.
(1) 
Underdrain shall be constructed in accordance with the specifications set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
(2) 
Combination of storm sewer and underdrain shall be constructed in accordance with the specifications set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
(3) 
Underdrain pipe shall be six-inch perforated corrugated galvanized metal pipe (C.M.P.), helical in design, unless otherwise specified.
(4) 
Underdrains or combination storm sewer and underdrain shall be constructed where required by the Borough Engineer or the Borough Council.
(5) 
Underdrain shall be installed and inspected by the Borough Engineer or his designated agent after completion of the all work, just prior to the base course application.
G. 
Handicapped accessibility. When deemed necessary by the Borough Council, upon recommendation of the Borough Planning Commission, or when required under state or federal law, intersection curb cuts shall be provided where sidewalks and curbs are required.
A. 
Sewers.
(1) 
Where a public sanitary sewerage system is located within 1,000 feet of, or where plans approved by the Borough Council provide for the installation of such public sewer facilities to within 1,000 feet of, a proposed subdivision or land development the developer shall provide the subdivision or land development with a complete sanitary sewerage system to be connected to the existing or proposed sanitary sewerage system in accordance with the municipal authority and Borough specifications. If such a system is not available but will, in the opinion of the Borough Council become available within a reasonable time, then the developer shall install a complete sanitary sewerage system including a collector main installed in the street bed or approved right-of-way; lateral installations shall be to the right-of-way lines of streets, lot or parcel property lines or sewer easement right-of-way lines, whichever pertains to individual situations. All termini shall be capped in a manner which shall ensure that all collector mains, laterals and house connections shall be watertight pending connections with a public sanitary sewerage system. The system shall be designed by a registered engineer and approved by the Borough Engineer. The Borough Engineer shall also inspect construction of all sanitary sewers to ensure that said sewers will coordinate and have sewage pumping stations, interceptors and treatment plants to be installed by the developer.
(2) 
Design, approval of design, supervision and inspection fees for services rendered on behalf of the developer by the Borough Engineer shall be paid by the developer in accordance with the fee schedule submitted to Council by the Borough Engineer, which schedule shall be available for review in the Borough office by any developer.
(3) 
Sanitary sewers and sewage disposal systems shall not be combined with stormwater sewers and shall not be constructed to receive effluent from any storm collection system.
B. 
Water. If water is to be provided by means other than by private wells owned and maintained by the individual owners of lots within the subdivision or development, applicants shall present evidence to the Borough Council that the subdivision or development is to be supplied by a certificated public utility, a bona fide cooperative association of lot owners, or by a municipal corporation, authority or utility. A copy of a certificate of public convenience from the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission or an application for such certificate, a cooperative agreement, or a commitment or agreement to serve the area in question, whichever is appropriate, shall be acceptable evidence.
(1) 
Where a water main supply system is within 1,000 feet of, or where plans approved by the Borough Council provide for the installation of such public water facilities to within 1,000 feet of, a proposed subdivision or land development, the developer shall provide the subdivision or land development with a complete water main supply system to be connected to the existing or proposed water main supply system in accordance with Borough and/or utility specifications.
Whenever the evidence available to the Borough Council indicates that natural surface drainage is inadequate, the developer shall install a stormwater sewer system in accordance with approved plans and profiles. The system shall be designed by a registered engineer and be approved by the Borough Engineer. The developer shall submit engineering calculations upon which the size of conduits, culverts and other portions of the proposed storm sewer system has been based.
A. 
Pipe.
(1) 
Pipes shall be constructed in accordance with the specifications as set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
(2) 
Pipes shall be corrugated galvanized metal pipe (C.M.P.), helical in design, unless otherwise specified.
(3) 
All pipe joints shall be connected with metal bands.
(4) 
Pipes shall be placed on class B bedding.
(5) 
Pipe gauge shall be in accordance with approved engineering calculations. Minimum pipe gauge for C.M.P. shall be 16 gauge.
(6) 
Pipe sizes shall be in a accordance with that shown on approved drawings. Minimum pipe size shall be 15 inches in diameter.
(7) 
Pipe shall be constructed and set to line and grade as shown on approved drawings.
(8) 
Pipes shall be inspected by the Borough Engineer or his agent prior to backfilling.
B. 
Inlets.
(1) 
Inlets shall be constructed in accordance with the specifications as set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
(2) 
Inlet tops shall be precast concrete top units with a ten-inch hood or equivalent in order to place inlet in a two-inch sump condition and shall be compatible with type of curbing installed.
(3) 
Inlet boxes shall be either precast concrete box units, cast-in-place cement concrete, or constructed out of concrete blocks.
(4) 
All inlets shall have weep holes placed at the appropriate elevations to completely drain the subgrade prior to placing the base course and surface course.
(5) 
Size of concrete block shall be solid four inches by eight inches by 16 inches, unless otherwise specified.
(6) 
Inlets shall be inspected by the Borough Engineer or his designated agent after completion of all work.
C. 
Manholes.
(1) 
Manholes shall be constructed in accordance with the specifications set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
(2) 
Manholes shall be precast concrete units.
(3) 
Manholes shall be inspected by the Borough Engineer or his designated agent after completion of all work.
Curbs shall be required for all subdivisions and land development. The Borough Council, upon recommendation of the Borough Planning Commission and Borough Engineer, may waive the requirements of this section through the alteration requirements procedure set forth in § 500-38 of this chapter.
A. 
Curbs shall be constructed in accordance with the specifications set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
B. 
Rolled asphalt or macadam curbs will not be acceptable.
C. 
Curbs shall be constructed in accordance with the cross-section details shown on the approved drawings.
D. 
Curbs shall be set and finished to the line and grade as shown on the approved drawings.
E. 
Backfill must be placed within 48 hours after form removal, and this backfill shall be compacted in place along the rear face to within six inches of the top of the curb.
F. 
When curbing is to be removed to construct a driveway, the removal shall be done on the complete curb section. The length of curbing to be removed shall be carried to the nearest expansion joint or saw cut if the joint is located more than five feet from the end of the curb removal. Curb replacement shall be formed and shaped to the required driveway width. The driveway shall be depressed to a height of 1.5 inches above the finished paving grade.
G. 
No partial breaking out of the curb shall be permitted without approval by the Borough Engineer or his designated agent.
H. 
Curbs shall be inspected by the Borough Engineer or his designated agent after the forms have been placed, just prior to the pouring of concrete and after completion of all work.
Sidewalks shall be required as specified in the Bellefonte Borough Zoning Ordinance.[1]
A. 
Sidewalks shall be constructed in accordance with the specifications set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation and the Code of Bellefonte Borough.
B. 
Sidewalks shall be located within the right-of-way of the street and shall extend in width from the right-of-way line toward the curbline.
C. 
Sidewalks shall be at least four feet wide, unless otherwise specified.
D. 
Where a sidewalk abuts a curb, wall, building or any other structure, a premolded expansion joint 0.25 inch in thickness shall be placed between the sidewalk and said structure for the full length of said structure.
E. 
Sidewalks shall be boxed out around light standards, fire hydrants, etc., with a premolded expansion joint 0.25 inch in thickness.
F. 
Sidewalks shall be inspected by the Borough Engineer or his designated agent after the forms have been placed, just prior to the pouring of concrete and after completion of all work.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 575, Zoning.
Wherever a public or community water supply system is provided, fire hydrants shall be installed within 600 feet of all existing and proposed structures, measured by way of accessible streets.
Reasonable effort must be made by the applicant to preserve existing shade trees and, in addition, deciduous hardwood trees with a minimum caliper of 1.5 inches should be provided in accordance with conditions as recommended by the Planning Commission and agreed upon by the Borough Council and, if necessary, appropriate public utilities. Where provided, such trees should be planted between the sidewalk and the building setback line at least five feet from the sidewalk, provided the planting strip is a minimum of six feet wide.
The subdivision or land development shall be provided with street signs, to include but not be limited to street name signs at all intersections, directional and informational signs. Such signs shall conform to Pennsylvania Department of Transportation and Borough specifications and shall be installed by the developer in a manner specified by the Borough Engineer.
A. 
Streetlights shall be provided with the construction of all new streets. A plan for streetlights, approved by the local utility company, shall be provided by the applicant upon submission of final subdivision or land development plans.
B. 
Streetlights shall be provided at locations designated by the local utility company, consistent with current policy, at all street intersections and all other locations considered necessary for safety reasons as approved by Borough Council.
All electric and telephone service lines, including streetlighting, shall be placed underground within any subdivision or land development of five or more lots and/or dwelling units.