Township of Upper Chichester, PA
Delaware County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The standards of this section shall apply to all subdivisions and land developments consisting of the following:
A. 
Commercial uses.
B. 
Industrial uses.
A. 
In compliance with Chapter 600, Zoning, requirements, the size, shape, and orientation of a tract or lot shall be appropriate for the type of use being considered with adequate area for all elements of the development plan.
B. 
The overall development plan for industrial parks shall be laid out as, or as part of, a single architectural and landscaping scheme.
C. 
The objectives of nonresidential development shall be as follows, where applicable.
(1) 
The height and bulk of new buildings shall be related to the prevailing scale of development to avoid overwhelming or dominating existing development.
(2) 
An efficient layout of rights-of-way shall provide for safe and convenient access and internal circulation activities.
(3) 
Design shall provide a sufficient buffer area and planted visual screen between nonresidential and residential uses.
(4) 
Development shall be carried out concurrently unless phased development has been approved by the Township.
(5) 
Signage shall complement the architectural style and scale of the building and site and shall conform to Article XIX, Signs, of Chapter 600, Zoning.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
(6) 
Maintenance of buildings and property in nonresidential developments shall comply with the latest edition of the Pennsylvania Uniform Construction Code unless otherwise approved by the Township.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
A. 
Block layout.
(1) 
In general, blocks in nonresidential development should vary from the elements of design in residential regulations.
(2) 
The block layout shall conform to the best possible layout to permit efficient traffic circulation, parking, delivery, and pickup and to accommodate the most practical location of buildings.
B. 
Lot layout.
(1) 
The lot sizes in nonresidential development shall comply with the Township zoning requirements.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See also Ch. 600, Zoning.
(2) 
Remnants of land after subdivision shall be incorporated into adjacent parcels or offered for dedication for public purposes.
A. 
In order to encourage an attractive building arrangement, variations in the setback alignment of buildings erected on the same frontage or attached to other building is encouraged, except as may otherwise be provided in Article IX, Chichester Avenue Design Standards, of this chapter.
[Amended 3-11-2004 by Ord. No. 608]
B. 
In cases where there is more than one building on a lot, the distance at the closest point between any two buildings or groups of buildings should be at least as great as the average height of adjoining buildings, except as otherwise specifically provided in Chapter 600, Zoning.
C. 
Buildings should be located so as not to impede extension of utilities and access ways to adjoining areas zoned for similar nonresidential uses or areas designated for similar uses in the Township comprehensive plan.
D. 
Buildings should be sited so that their entrances avoid loading areas of other buildings.
E. 
The orientation of buildings to provide access through rear entrances from parking lots is encouraged, with the rear facade receiving appropriate design treatment.
A. 
General.
(1) 
The street system of a proposed nonresidential subdivision or land development should be designed to create a functional street pattern, to prevent the congestion of existing streets, and to ensure the free flow of through traffic without interference from parked or parking cars, and to provide adequate and safe parking spaces.
(2) 
Where there are no specific standards governing street design for nonresidential subdivisions and land developments, the regulations for residential streets shall apply. See § 505-35.
(3) 
Proposed streets in nonresidential developments may be a hierarchy of roads or a single point or access. The hierarchical classification system may consist of the following:
(a) 
Entrance road: to provide direct access into shopping centers, local commercial establishments, planned business campuses, and limited industrial uses.
(b) 
Secondary road: to provide access to individual lots in a planned business campus and industrial parks.
(4) 
Streets carrying nonresidential traffic shall not be extended to the boundaries of adjacent existing or potential residential areas, nor be connected to streets intended for predominantly residential traffic.
(5) 
The arrangement of streets shall provide for continuation of existing or proposed streets and proper access to adjoining undeveloped tracts suitable for future nonresidential development.
(6) 
Where feasible, nonresidential developments should provide more than one point of access. Also, where conditions permit, a one-way-in, one-way-out pattern should be considered.
(7) 
Where feasible, the distance between points of access shall not be less than 200 feet.
B. 
Right-of-way and cartway widths.
(1) 
Street right-of-way and cartway widths in proposed subdivisions and land developments shall conform to the minimum standards listed in Table 5 below:
Table 5
Nonresidential Street Widths
Right-of-Way Width
(feet)
Cartway Width
(feet)
Entrance road
60
36
Secondary road
50
34
(2) 
Proposed nonresidential development to be located on existing streets shall be required to increase the cartway along the frontage of subject property to conform with the standards in the table above or with standards in Table 2, § 505-35, whichever is applicable.
(3) 
Right-of-way widths for nonresidential streets should be based on the actual need to accommodate utilities, drainage facilities, landscaping, street furniture, and grading.
(4) 
Greater width may be required, based on traffic design requirements and the type and volume of the anticipated traffic.
(5) 
No parking spaces shall be provided on the entrance road.
C. 
Street grades.
(1) 
The maximum street grades shall be as follows:
(a) 
Entrance road: 4%.
(b) 
Secondary road: 8%.
(2) 
All streets shall have a minimum grade of 1%.
D. 
Horizontal curves.
(1) 
Whenever street center line are deflected more than 5°, connection shall be made by horizontal curves.
(2) 
Horizontal curves shall be designed with a minimum center-line radius of 400 feet for entrance roads. For secondary roads the minimum center-line radius shall be 300 feet.
(3) 
A minimum tangent of 100 feet shall be required between reverse curves on nonresidential streets and between a curve and a street intersection where one of the intersecting streets is a collector or an arterial street.
E. 
Vertical curves.
(1) 
Vertical curves shall be used when there is any change in grade.
(2) 
Vertical curves shall be designed with a minimum sight distance of 300 feet for both entrance roads and secondary roads.
F. 
Intersections.
(1) 
Streets shall intersect at right angles whenever practicable, and no two streets shall intersect at an angle less than 60°.
(2) 
When an entrance road and another street intersect a third street from opposite sides, their center line shall be offset a minimum of 400 feet.
(3) 
Clear sight triangles shall be provided at all intersections. The maximum height of any object within such triangles shall be 2 1/2 feet, and no object that would obscure the vision of the motorist shall be permitted. Such triangles shall be established from a minimum distance of 150 feet from the point of intersection of the center line of two streets.
G. 
Culs-de-sac. The minimum radius of the turnaround shall be 65 feet to the curbline and 75 feet to the right-of-way line.
A. 
A walkway system no less than four feet six inches wide shall be provided for access linking buildings to each other and to parking areas, unless the Township Engineer recommends a width of six feet or more at schools, libraries, or other public/civic locations.
[Amended 3-11-2004 by Ord. No. 608]
B. 
Where walkways are interrupted by steps, a ramp access should be provided with a slope no greater than 8%.
C. 
If ramps are provided, a level platform at least three feet deep and five feet wide is required, if a door does not swing onto the platform or toward the ramp. If a door swings onto the platform or toward the ramp, a level platform shall be at least five feet by five feet.
A. 
Parking facilities shall be provided in accordance with Article XVIII, Parking Regulations, of Chapter 600, Zoning.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
B. 
The minimum dimensions of stalls and aisles shall be as listed in Table 3, § 505-40.
C. 
The maximum grade of parking areas shall not exceed 6%.
D. 
Parking areas located adjacent to existing or proposed residential areas should be effectively screened to produce visual protection of the residential area. Grading the parking area, raised berms, landscaping, or fencing are satisfactory methods to create such visual protection.
E. 
No more than 20 parking spaces shall be permitted in a continuous row without being interrupted by landscaping.
F. 
All dead-end parking areas shall be designed to provide sufficient back-up areas for the end stalls of the parking area.
G. 
Entrances and exits to and from off-street parking areas shall be located so as to avoid interference with street traffic.
H. 
Entrances and exit drives crossing the street line shall be spaced at least 200 feet apart. Property owners are encouraged to integrate their circulation with adjacent property owners to provide single egress and ingress points to serve adjacent lots with a one-way directional traffic pattern. Paved areas with easements should be extended to property lines for future extension when desirable.
I. 
On all corner properties, driveways shall be located a minimum of 60 feet from the center line of intersecting streets.
J. 
The width of egress and ingress driveways into the following developments shall be as follows:
(1) 
Industrial parks and planned business campuses:
(a) 
A minimum of 18 feet for one-way use only.
(b) 
A minimum of 30 feet for two-way use.
(2) 
Commercial developments and shopping centers:
(a) 
A minimum of 12 feet for one-way use only.
(b) 
A minimum of 24 feet for two-way use.
K. 
Pedestrian crosswalks in parking areas shall not be subject to passage or concentration of surface runoff.
A. 
Each space for loading and unloading of vehicles shall be no less than 12 feet wide and 50 feet long, exclusive of drives and maneuvering space, and located entirely on the lot being served.
B. 
There shall be appropriate means of access, preferably via a service road, and adequate maneuvering space.
C. 
Off-street loading facilities shall be designed to permit any truck to maneuver from a driveway into and out of such space without encroaching upon any portion of existing or proposed right-of-way including the walkway area.
D. 
For further design and layout standards, see § 600-143, Design and layout of off-street loading facilities, of Chapter 600, Zoning.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
See § 600-144, Screening and landscaping requirements, of Chapter 600, Zoning.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
A. 
Refuse collection stations shall be provided for garbage and trash removal. Containers shall be verminproof.
B. 
Refuse collection stations shall be effectively screened from public view and appropriately located to offer convenient access.
All nonresidential developments shall be in conformance with all other applicable sections of this chapter and with Chapter 600, Zoning.