Borough of Doylestown, PA
Bucks County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. 1972-10, 10/16/1972, Art. VIII, § 800; as amended by Ord. 1973-2, 1/15/1973, §§ 8, 9; by Ord. 1976-6, 11/15/1976, § 1; by Ord. 1978-6, 5/15/1978, § 12; by Ord. 1981-3, 7/20/1981, § 6; by Ord. 1986-8, 6/16/1986, § 1; by Ord. 1999-10, 6/28/1999, § 6; by Ord. 2000-6, 7/17/2000, § 1; and by Ord. 2006-3, 3/27/2006, § 1]
Off-street parking spaces shall be provided and satisfactorily maintained in accordance with the following provisions for each use defined in § 406 which, after the effective date of this chapter is erected, enlarged or altered for use for any of the following purposes:
1. 
Residential (Uses 1 to 6): two spaces per dwelling unit.
2. 
Residential (Uses 7, 8, 9 and 9.1): see § 406, Subsections 7, 8, 9 and 9.1, respectively.
3. 
Residential (Use 10): two spaces per three beds.
3.1. 
Residential (Use 11, dwelling in combination): two spaces per dwelling unit, plus one space for every 400 square feet devoted to nonresidential patron use; or two spaces per dwelling unit, plus one space for each five seats, whichever is greater.
[Added by Ord. 2017-2, 2/27/2017]
4. 
Institutional, Recreational and Educational (Uses 12 through 19 and Uses 36 and 37): one space per five seats plus one space per two employees on the premises. In schools where fixed seats are not provided, one space for every 300 square feet of floor area intended to be used by patrons, guests, members, clients or customers plus one space per two employees on the premises at any one time.
5. 
Institutional (Uses 20 through 22): 1 1/2 spaces for each patient bed, not including cribs and bassinets. For Use 22, the requirements under § 801(6) shall be met also.
6. 
Office (Uses 23 through 28): one space for every 300 square feet of gross floor area devoted to office use, except within a zoning district designated as Central Commercial (CC) where off-street parking shall be provided as follows: No off-street parking spaces shall be required for the first 400 square feet of gross floor area devoted to office use. For each additional 400 square feet, or portion thereof, of gross floor area devoted to office use, one off-street parking space shall be provided and maintained.
7. 
Retail and Consumer Service (Uses 29 through 34): one space for every 300 square feet of gross floor area devoted to patron use or one space for each five seats, whichever is greater, except within a zoning district designated as Central Commercial (CC) where off-street parking shall be provided as follows: No off-street parking spaces shall be required for the first 400 square feet of gross floor area devoted to patron use or the first five seats, whichever is greater. For each additional 400 square feet, or portion thereof, of gross floor area devoted to patron use or each five seats, whichever is greater, one off-street parking space shall be provided and maintained.
8. 
Mortuary or Funeral Home (Use 35): one off-street parking space for each four seats provided for patron use, or at least one off-street parking space for each 50 square feet of gross floor area used or intended to be used in the operation of the establishment, whichever requires the greater number of off-street parking spaces, plus one additional space for each full-time employee.
9. 
Motel, Hotel, Tourist Home (Use 38): one space for each unit. In addition, Subsection 7 above shall be applicable for any eating place, including banquet facilities, on the premises.
10. 
Automotive Service (Uses 39 through 43): one space for every 150 square feet of gross floor area plus one space for every employee.
11. 
Transportation Facilities (Uses 44 through 48): off-street parking spaces as the Zoning Hearing Board shall determine adequate to serve customers, patrons, visitors, employees and vehicles normally parked on the premises.
12. 
Communication Facilities, Supply and Sanitary Utilities (Uses 49 through 52): two off-street parking spaces at each terminal or substation plus one space for each full-time employee.
13. 
Fire Station (Use 53): six off-street parking spaces for each fire truck where no community room is a part of the building; or where a community room is provided, two off-street parking spaces for each fire truck plus one off-street parking space for each 300 square feet of community room.
14. 
Industrial (Uses 55 through 59): three spaces for every five employees on the premises at any one time. Wherever multideck or underground parking is provided, the maximum permitted building coverage shall be increased by 100 square feet for each berth provided underground, 50 square feet for each berth provided on a two-story aboveground parking structure, and 25 feet for each berth provided on an additional deck. A parking structure shall not be defined as a building when computing building coverage.
15. 
Customary Home Occupation (Use 60): one off-street parking space in addition to spaces otherwise required.
16. 
No requirements: Uses 39, 54, 61 through 67.
[Ord. 1972-10, 10/16/1972, Art. VIII, § 801; as amended by Ord. 1981-3, 7/20/1981, § 7; by Ord. 1986-8, 6/16/1986, § 2; by Ord. 1988-10, 5/16/1988, § 1; and by Ord. 2000-6, 7/17/2000, § 2]
1. 
Existing Parking. Structures and uses in existence at the date of adoption of this chapter shall not be subject to the requirements of this Part so long as the kind and extent of use is not changed, provided that any existing parking facilities serving such structures or uses shall not in the future be reduced below that which existed at the date of adoption of this chapter.
2. 
Change in Requirements. Whenever there is an alteration of a structure or a change or extension of a use which changes the parking requirements according to the standards of § 801, the total additional off-street parking required for the alteration, change or extension shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of that Section; provided, however, that when a change of use is proposed from Use 7, 8, 12, 20, 21 or 38 or from any residential use under Part 4 of this Chapter to any office, retail or consumer service use, including Uses 23 through 34, whereby the combined total aggregate area of the proposed use will involve more than 3,500 square feet or will involve two or more existing or proposed units or leaseholds, then the total off-street parking requirements of that Section for such proposed use shall be fully applicable thereto regardless of the nature or extent of any existing off-street parking facilities serving the existing use.
3. 
Conflict with Other Uses. No parking area shall be used for any use that interferes with its availability for the parking need it is required to serve.
4. 
Continuing Character of Obligation. All required parking facilities shall be provided and maintained as long as the use exists which the facilities were designed to serve. Off-street parking facilities shall not be reduced in total extent after their provision, except upon the approval of the Zoning Hearing Board and then only after proof that, by reason of diminuation in floor area, seating area, the number of employees, or change in other factors controlling the regulation of the number of parking spaces, such reduction is in conformity with the requirements of this Part.
Reasonable precautions shall be taken by the owner or sponsor of particular uses to assure the availability of required facilities to the employees or other persons whom the facilities are designed to serve. Such facilities shall be designed and used in such a manner as to at no time constitute a nuisance, a hazard or unreasonable impediment to traffic.
5. 
Joint Use. Two or more uses may provide for required parking in a common parking lot if the total space provided is not less than the sum of the spaces required for each use individually. However, the number of spaces required in a common parking facility may be reduced below this total by special exception under Part 11 if it can be demonstrated to the Zoning Hearing Board that the hours or days of peak parking needed for the uses are so different that a lower total will provide adequately for all uses served by the facility.
6. 
Fractional Spaces. Where the computation of required parking space results in a fractional number, any fraction of the next highest number shall be counted as "one."
7. 
Location of Parking Spaces.
A. 
It is recognized that adequate off-street parking facilities within the Borough are essential to the economic viability of its business community and the safety and convenience of its citizens. It is further recognized that the duty to provide such facilities should fall upon those who develop or redevelop their property, to the extent that such facilities are required by such development or redevelopment.
B. 
Required off-street parking spaces shall be on the same lot with the principal use served. Where this requirement cannot be met, the Zoning Hearing Board may authorize, as a special exception, the use of land located within 300 feet of the lot on which the principal use is located, as a parking area for the principal use; provided, however, that such off-lot parking shall be permitted only to the extent that parking cannot be reasonably provided on the lot on which the principal use is located. This special exception shall be subject to the following conditions and standards:
(1) 
No more than 30% of the required off-street parking can be provided off lot up to a maximum of six spaces.
(2) 
No land located in any RI, R2 or CR Zoning District shall be utilized for off-lot parking purposes.
(3) 
Direct pedestrian access to and from the off-lot parking area via public accessways wherever possible.
(4) 
Adequate security lighting shall be provided for all off-lot parking areas and pedestrian accessways.
(5) 
Wherever off lot parking is proposed in combination with on-lot parking, the on-lot parking shall be reserved for customer/client use to the greatest extent possible to satisfy the standards of § 801 of this Chapter. Signage shall be provided to direct employee and customer/client parking.
(6) 
Off-lot parking areas shall be either owned by the owner of the principal use lot or leased by said owner for a term equivalent to the life expectancy of the principal use or the principal use building or 20 years, whichever is greater, or reserved by perpetual easement in favor of the owner of the principal use lot. Any such lease shall contain a provision that both lessor and lessee must notify the Borough on each anniversary of the lease that the lease is still in full force and in effect between the parties.
(7) 
Upon application for special exception, proof shall be submitted, in form and substance satisfactory to the Zoning Officer, that the proposed off-lot parking spaces are not obligated or subject to the use of other parties and are fully available for total utilization by the clients, customers or employees associated with the principal use lot.
(8) 
Once established, the off-lot parking area and number of parking spaces provided shall not be reduced, modified, abandoned or sold separately from the principal use lot except in accordance with § 802(4) of this Part. Any change which affects any of the conditions or standards imposed by this Section or any other conditions imposed by the Zoning Hearing Board in granting the special exception provided for herein shall be immediately reported to the Zoning Officer. Any change which results in the loss or reduction of off-lot parking permitted hereunder shall immediately, ipso facto, require a proportionate discontinuation of a corresponding portion of the principal use area in accordance with § 801 of this Part.
(9) 
All applications for special exception under this Section shall be reviewed by the Doylestown Borough Planning Commission and the Borough Engineer before consideration by the Zoning Hearing Board.
(10) 
All off-lot parking areas shall comply with the requirements of the Doylestown Borough Subdivision and Land Development Regulations and the requirements of § 803 of this Part; provided, however, that if a conflict exists between the provisions of this Part and the Subdivision and Land Development Regulations, the most restrictive provisions shall apply.
[Ord. 1972-10, 10/16/1972, Art. VIII, § 802; as amended by Ord. 1988-10, 5/16/1988, § 2]
The design standards for all off-street parking areas on principal use lots with a capacity of three or more vehicles and all off-lot parking areas regardless of vehicle capacity shall be those specified herein and in the Subdivision and Land Development Regulations; provided, however, that if a conflict exists between the provisions of this Part and the Subdivision and Land Development Regulations, the most restrictive provisions shall apply.
1. 
A buffer strip of a minimum of six feet from all property lines and street lines except as specified in § 609 herein shall be provided around all parking areas required under the provisions of this Chapter. All such buffer areas shall be planted and maintained in accordance with the standards and specifications of Article IV of the Subdivision and Land Development Regulations. Where buffer plantings are required along street frontages, these requirements shall be in addition to the requirements for street trees as specified in Article IV of the Subdivision and Land Development Regulations.
2. 
All parking areas shall be illuminated in accordance with the standards and specifications of Article IV of the Subdivision and Land Development Regulations. Design of parking lot lighting shall restrict off-site spillover light to 0.1 footcandle maximum within 10 feet of the property lines which are located adjacent to a residential zoning district or residential use.
3. 
All parking areas and drives required under the terms of this Chapter shall be graded, paved with a suitable all-weather surface and designed with stormwater collection and conveyance facilities as required under § 611 of this Chapter and in accordance with the standards and specifications of Article IV of the Subdivision and Land Development Regulations.
[Ord. 1972-10, 10/16/1972, Art. VIII, § 803]
Off-street loading requirements as specified below shall be provided on any lot on which a building exceeding 6,000 square feet of gross floor area for business or industry is hereafter erected.
1. 
Every department store, freight terminal or railroad yard, hospital, retail establishment, storage warehouse or wholesale establishment, sanitarium, industrial plant or manufacturing establishment shall provide off-street truck loading or unloading berths as specified in the following table:
Square Feet of Aggregate Gross Floor Area Devoted to Each Use
Required Number of Berths
Under 6,000
No requirement
6,000 up to 19,999
1
20,000 up to 79,999
2
80,000 up to 127,999
3
128,000 up to 191,999
4
192,000 up to 255,999
5
256,000 up to 319,999
6
320,000 up to 391,999
7
For each additional 72,000 square feet
1 additional berth
2. 
Every auditorium, convention hall, exhibition hall, funeral home, office building, restaurant, hotel, sports arena or welfare institution shall provide off-street truck loading and unloading berths as specified in the following table:
Square Feet of Aggregate Gross Floor Area Devoted to Each Use
Required Number of Berths
Under 30,000
No requirement
30,000 up to 44,999
1
45,000 up to 119,999
2
120,000 up to 197,999
3
198,000 up to 290,999
4
291,000 up to 389,999
5
Square Feet of Aggregate Gross Floor Area Devoted to Each Use
Required Number of Berths
390,000 up to 488,999
6
489,000 up to 587,999
7
588,000 up to 689,999
8
For each additional 105,000 Square feet
1 additional berth
[Ord. 1972-10, 10/16/1972, Art. VIII, § 804]
1. 
Off-street loading facilities shall be designed to conform to applicable requirements of the Doylestown Borough Subdivision and Land Development Regulations.
2. 
All required loading facilities shall be provided and maintained in accordance with the following requirements:
A. 
They shall be provided and maintained as long as the use exists which the facilities were designed to serve.
B. 
They shall not be reduced in total extent after their provision, except when such reduction is in conformity with the requirements of this Part.
C. 
Reasonable precautions shall be taken by the owner or sponsor of particular uses to assure the availability of required facilities to the delivery and pickup vehicles that they are designed to serve.