Township of Montville, NJ
Morris County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 7-10-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-18]
The purpose of these provisions is to establish procedures and regulations applicable to development of properties located in historic districts and to individual historic landmarks and historic sites, as set forth in Schedule G, Locally Designated Historic Sites and Districts, included at the end of this chapter. Among the objectives of the provisions are the following:
A. 
To identify and establish historic landmarks and historic districts within the boundaries of the Township.
B. 
To conserve, protect, enhance and perpetuate such landmarks and such improvements within historic districts which represent or reflect elements of the Township's cultural, social, economic, political or architectural history.
C. 
To stabilize and improve property values in identified historic districts.
D. 
To foster civic pride in the beauty of the built environment and landscapes and the noble or significant accomplishments of the past.
E. 
To promote the use of historic districts and landmarks for the education, pleasure and welfare of the people of the Township.
F. 
To assist owners of historic landmarks and owners of property within historic districts in their efforts to preserve the historic character of such properties.
These regulations shall apply to all applications for development, including subdivisions, site plans, building permits and variances, involving properties situated in the historic districts and individual historic landmarks and historic sites set forth in Schedule G, Locally Designated Historic Sites and Districts, included at the end of this chapter. More specifically, these regulations shall apply to any of the following:
A. 
Subdivision, site plan or variances of land located in an historic district or of land on which is located an historic landmark or historic site.
B. 
Demolition of an historic landmark or any improvement to an historic landmark or within any historic district.
C. 
Relocation of any historic landmark or of any improvement within any historic district.
D. 
Change in the exterior appearance of any existing landmark or of any improvement within any historic district by addition, alteration or replacement which requires a building permit.
E. 
Any new construction, which requires a building permit, of a principal or accessory structure in an historic district or on land which contains an historic landmark or historic site.
A. 
Any application for development, including building permits, which is subject to Article XXV shall be made by an application for a certificate of appropriateness (see Schedule F).[1] An application for a certificate of appropriateness shall be filed with the Land Use Office to determine administrative completeness. The determination of completeness shall be made within 20 days from submission. Upon determination of completeness by the Land Use Office, the application shall be referred to the Historic Preservation Review Commission for its review.
[1]
Editor’s Note: Schedule F is included as an attachment to this chapter.
B. 
Within 30 days of receipt by the Historic Preservation Review Commission of an application, the Commission shall review the application and shall issue a written report to the Planning Board recommending approval, approval with conditions or denial of the application, based upon recognized standards such as those established by the Secretary of the Interior.
C. 
The Planning Board shall review the report of the Commission and shall make a final determination as to the disposition of the application within 30 days of receipt of the recommendation of the Commission to approve, approve with conditions or deny the application. If referral of the application to the Historic Preservation Review Commission emanated from the Zoning Officer, the Planning Board shall report its decision to the Zoning Officer.
D. 
Failure of the Historic Preservation Commission to report in writing to the Planning Board or the failure of the Planning Board to report to the Zoning Officer within 30 days of this referral shall be deemed to constitute a report in favor of issuance of the permit and without the recommendation of conditions to the permit.
E. 
Upon approval of the application, the Zoning Officer shall issue a certificate of appropriateness. An applicant for a certificate of appropriateness who is dissatisfied with the actions of the Zoning Officer in denying the certificate of appropriateness or in issuing the certificate of appropriateness with objectionable conditions may appeal that action to the Zoning Board of Adjustment within 30 days from the date of the administrative officer's written decision. The hearing on such appeal shall be conducted in the same fashion as any appeal from the administrative officer's determinations. This right of appeal is limited to the applicant only.
In considering whether an application should be granted, the Historic Preservation Review Commission and the Planning Board shall consider whether, if the approval is denied, the applicant may still make any reasonable use of the property as such use is permitted in the zoning regulations. No application shall be denied unless the Planning Board specifically finds that the property may, after such denial, reasonably be used for a use permitted in the zoning regulations.
A. 
Subdivisions, site plans and variances. Review of subdivision, site plan, and variance applications shall be consistent with the provisions of Part 2 of this chapter. In addition, the Commission and Planning Board shall consider the impact which the grant of the subdivision, site plan or variance would have in terms of the overall historic preservation objectives of these provisions and the design standards and criteria set forth in this chapter.
B. 
Demolition. In regard to an application to demolish an historic building or any improvement within an historic district, the following matters shall be considered:
(1) 
Its historic, architectural, archaeological, and social significance.
(2) 
Its potential for use for those purposes currently permitted by zoning regulations.
(3) 
Its importance to the Township and the extent to which its historical or architectural value is such that its removal would be detrimental to the public interest.
(4) 
The extent to which it is of such historical significance, unusual or uncommon design, craftsmanship, texture or material that it could not be reproduced or could be reproduced only with great difficulty.
(5) 
If it is within an historic district, the probable impact of its removal upon the ambience and streetscape of the historic district.
(6) 
The structural soundness and integrity of the building so as to comply with the requirements of the State Uniform Code.
(7) 
The effect on the remaining portion of the building, structure, site, object or landscape feature in cases of partial demolition.
C. 
Removals out of the Township. In regard to an application to move an historic building to a location outside the Township, the following matters shall be considered:
(1) 
The historic loss to the site of original location and the district as a whole.
(2) 
The compelling reasons for not retaining the landmark or structure at its present site.
(3) 
The proximity of the proposed new location to the municipality, including the accessibility to the residents of the municipality and other citizens.
(4) 
The probability of significant damage to the landmark or structure itself.
(5) 
The applicable matters listed in Subsection B above.
D. 
Removals within the Township. In regard to an application to move an historic landmark or any structure to a new location within the Township, the following matters shall be considered in addition to the matters listed in Subsection C above:
(1) 
The compatibility, nature and character of the current and of the proposed surrounding areas as they relate to the intent and purposes of this section.
(2) 
If the proposed new location is within an historic district, the visual compatibility factors as set forth in Subsection E below.
E. 
Visual compatibility considered for additions or removals. In regard to an application to move a landmark or structure into or to construct a new structure or add to or alter an existing structure within an historic district or a landmark, the visual compatibility of the proposed structure with the structures and surroundings to which it would be visually related shall be considered in terms of the visual compatibility factors as set forth in Subsection H below.
F. 
Consideration on other actions. In regard to an application for other approval of any proposed action as set forth in Subsection B hereof, the following matters shall be considered:
(1) 
If an historic landmark or a structure in an historic district is involved:
(a) 
The impact of the proposed change on its historic and architectural character.
(b) 
Its importance to the municipality and extent to which its historic or architectural interest would be adversely affected to the detriment of the public interest.
(c) 
The extent to which there would be involvement of textures and materials that could not be reproduced or could be reproduced only with great difficulty.
(2) 
The use of any structure involved.
(3) 
The extent to which the proposed action would adversely affect the public's view of a landmark or structure within an historic district from a public street.
(4) 
If the application deals with a structure within an historic district, the impact the proposed change would have on the character and ambience of the historic district and the structure's visual compatibility with the buildings, places and structures to which it would be visually related in terms of the visual compatibility factors set forth in Subsection H below.
G. 
Additional matters considered. In regard to all applications, additional pertinent matters may be considered but interior arrangement shall not be considered in any instance unless it has an impact on the exterior or structural stability of the building.
H. 
Visual compatibility factors. In assessing the effect of any proposed change under application for any landmark, the following visual compatibility factors shall be used to analyze the effect the change applied for would have on the landmark and on those structures to which the landmark is visually related.
(1) 
Height. The height of the proposed building shall be visually compatible with adjacent buildings.
(2) 
Proportion of building's front facade. The relationship of the width of the building to the height of the front elevation shall be visually compatible with buildings and places to which it is visually related.
(3) 
Proportion of openings within the facility. The relationship of the width of windows to the height of windows in a building shall be visually compatible with the buildings and places to which they are visually related.
(4) 
Rhythm of solids to voids on fronting of public places. The relationship of solids to voids in such facades of a building shall be visually compatible with the buildings and places to which they are visually related.
(5) 
Rhythm of spacing of buildings on streets. The relationship of the building to the open space between it and adjoining buildings shall be visually compatible with the buildings and places to which it is visually related.
(6) 
Rhythm of entrance and/or porch projections. The relationship of entrance and porch projections to the street shall be visually compatible with the buildings and places to which it is visually related.
(7) 
Relationship of materials, texture and color. The relationship of materials, texture and color of the facade and roof of a building shall be visually compatible with the predominant materials used in the buildings to which it is visually related.
(8) 
Roof shapes. The roof shape of a building shall be visually compatible with buildings to which it is visually related.
(9) 
Walls of continuity. Appurtenances of a building, such as walls, open-type fencing and evergreen landscape masses, shall form cohesive walls of enclosure along a street to the extent necessary to maintain visual compatibility of the building with the buildings and places to which it is visually related.
(10) 
Scale of building. The size of a building, the mass of a building in relation to open spaces, the windows, door openings, porches and balconies shall be visually compatible with the buildings and places to which it is visually related.
(11) 
Directional expression of front elevation. A building shall be visually compatible with buildings and places to which it is visually related in its directional character, whether this be vertical character, horizontal character or places to which it is visually related in its directional character, whether this be vertical character, horizontal character or nondirectional character.
I. 
Submittal requirements. The following is required:
(1) 
All applications which will be reviewed by the Historic Preservation Review Commission shall submit the information as set forth in Schedule F, Application for Certificate of Appropriateness, which is included at the end of this chapter and is hereby declared to be part hereof.
(2) 
One complete application package, that is received electronically by the Land Use Official, shall be forwarded to the Planning Board and the Historic Preservation Review Commission.
A. 
The Historic Preservation Review Commission shall identify historic landmarks, historic landmark sites and historic districts within the Township which are worthy of preservation because of their historical, cultural, social or architectural significance in that they possess integrity of location, design, setting, material workmanship and:
(1) 
Are associated with events that have made a significant contribution to the history of the Township, state or nation; or
(2) 
Are associated with the lives of significant persons in our past; or
(3) 
Embody the distinctive characteristics of a type, period or method of construction, represent the work of a master or possess high artistic values; or
(4) 
Have yielded or may be likely to yield information important in prehistory or history.
B. 
The Planning Board, either directly or by delegating the responsibility to the Historic Preservation Review Commission, shall notify each owner by certified mail that his or her property will be considered for designation as an historic landmark, advise him or her of the significance and consequence of same, and advise him or her of his or her right to be heard concerning such designation. As soon as practicable thereafter a public hearing shall be held at which all interested persons shall be entitled to present their opinions, suggestions and objections.
C. 
After full consideration of the evidence brought out at any public hearing held on any such proposed designation, and upon considering any recommendations of the Historic Preservation Review Commission, the Planning Board shall make its decision and shall issue its final report to the public stating reasons in support of its action with respect to each historical landmark, historical landmark site and historic district designation.
D. 
Any proposed designation by the Planning Board shall be forwarded to the Township Committee for a final determination of designation and, if designated, shall be included in the Master Plan.
E. 
Following adoption of a designation ordinance, certificates of designation shall be served upon the owner of the site so designated, and a true copy thereof shall be filed with the Tax Collector and the Tax Assessor who shall maintain a record of all historic designations in the tax rolls. The Municipal Assessment Search Officer shall indicate the historic designated properties. Notice of the designation shall also be made to the office of the Construction Official.
A. 
If any person shall undertake any exterior change to an historic landmark, historic site, or an improvement within an historic district without first having obtained a construction permit, such person shall be in violation of this article.
B. 
Upon learning of the violation, the Zoning Officer shall personally serve upon the owner of the lot whereon the violation has occurred a notice describing the violation in detail and giving the owner 10 days to abate the violation by restoring the landmark or improvement to its status quo ante. If the owner cannot be personally served within the municipality with said notice, a copy shall be posted on site and a copy sent by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the owner at his last known address as it appears on the municipal tax rolls.
C. 
In the event that the violation is not abated within 10 days of service or posting on site, whichever is earlier, the Zoning Officer shall cause to be issued a summons and complaint, returnable in the Municipal Court, charging violation of this article. Each separate day that the violation exists shall be deemed to be a new and separate violation.
D. 
Any person, firm or corporation violating any of the provisions of this article shall be subject to such penalties as are provided for in Chapter 1, Article III, General Penalty.
E. 
In the event that any action which would permanently change adversely the landmark or historic district, such as demolition or removal, is about to occur without a construction permit having been issued, the Zoning Officer is hereby authorized to apply to the Superior Court of New Jersey for such injunctive relief as is necessary to prevent the destruction of any landmark.