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Town of Appomattox, VA
Appomattox County
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This district covers that portion of the community intended for the location of mobile home parks so that opportunities for additional housing choice and better recreation may be provided in an atmosphere of health and safety for occupants of mobile homes and their property. The regulations for this district are formulated to encourage the design and layout of a mobile home development to the particular park site in a manner consistent with the preservation of the natural environment and the property values of adjoining areas. To this end, this district is limited to the development of mobile home parks, including the accessory uses therein.
In Mobile Park District MHP-1, structures to be erected or land to be used shall be for one or more of the following uses with a conditional use permit:
A. 
Mobile homes, including double-wides.
B. 
Park management office.
C. 
Child-care centers.
D. 
Laundry facilities.
E. 
Recreational facilities.
F. 
Off-street parking as required by this chapter.
G. 
Public utilities, such as poles, lines, distribution transformers, pipes, meters, and/or other facilities necessary for the provisions and maintenance, including water and sewerage facilities.
H. 
Business sign only to advertise the mobile home park.
I. 
Directional signs.
J. 
Accessory buildings or structures as defined, provided that such buildings and structures meet the following requirements:
(1) 
All mobile home accessory structures must meet the plumbing, electrical connection wiring, construction and other applicable requirements of the Town Building Code.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 62, Building Construction.
(2) 
Mobile home accessory structures, except ramadas, shall not exceed the height of the mobile home.
(3) 
No accessory structure shall be erected or constructed on any mobile home lot except as an accessory to a mobile home.
(4) 
Porches may be placed adjacent to mobile homes, provided they are constructed in accordance with the provisions of the Town Building Code.
(5) 
No accessory building or structure may be closer than two feet to any property line, or mobile home lot line.
A. 
All mobile homes shall meet the plumbing requirements and the electrical wiring and connection requirements of the building code and the construction, blocking and anchoring requirements of the state corporation commission, and shall display the seal of a testing laboratory approved by the commonwealth.
B. 
All mobile home units shall be completely enclosed with metal skirts, concrete blocks, ornamental wood, stone, or other similar material, in such a manner that no part of the undercarriage shall be visible to a casual observer, in accordance with methods and materials approved by the Building Inspector.
C. 
No permanent or semipermanent structure shall be affixed to any mobile home as an addition to such mobile home. The prohibition in this subsection against any addition or accessory to a mobile home shall not apply to a canopy or awning designed for use with a mobile home, nor to any expansion unit or accessory structures specifically manufactured for mobile homes.
D. 
All mobile homes must use and be secured with proper tie-down equipment.
A. 
The minimum area for each mobile home park shall be 10 acres with a minimum of 25 mobile home stands and a maximum of five mobile home stands per acre; and the minimum lot width for the portion used for the entrance and exit to a public road shall be 50 feet.
B. 
The minimum lot area of each individual mobile home lot shall be 3,600 square feet for single-wide units and 6,000 square feet for double-wide units.
C. 
No mobile home and an accessory building shall occupy more than 30% of the area of the lot on which it is situated.
D. 
The minimum length of a mobile home lot shall be 90 feet; the minimum width shall be 40 feet. On all lots larger than the minimum, the ratio of length to width shall not exceed 2.25 to 1.0.
E. 
No more than one detached mobile home accessory structure shall be permitted on any mobile home lot.
A. 
No mobile home unit, management office, or other structure except decorative fencing, lighting, wall, entrance or other decorative feature shall be located closer than 35 feet to a street right-of-way line of a public road with a right-of-way of 50 feet or greater, nor closer than 60 feet to the center line of a public road with a right-of-way of less than 50 feet.
B. 
No main or accessory structure shall be located closer than 25 feet to the property line of the mobile home park.
C. 
No mobile home shall be placed within 20 feet of another mobile home nor closer than 10 feet to the mobile home lot line.
A. 
No mobile home park may be a closed park where entry is denied anyone who has not purchased his home from the dealer, park owner or operator. No mobile home park may also serve as a general retail or wholesale and demonstration or storage area for mobile homes.
B. 
All mobile homes will be parked on a pad of concrete or bituminous material.
C. 
Every mobile home lot shall be clearly defined on the ground by permanent markers. There shall be posted and maintained in a conspicuous place on each lot a number corresponding to the number of each lot as shown on the site plan submitted so that each lot may be easily identified.
D. 
An internal street system shall be provided to furnish convenient access to mobile home lots, and other facilities in the park shall be designed such that connection to existing drainage and utility systems is convenient, and shall meet the following requirements in addition to such other reasonable standards and requirements as may be recommended by the resident engineer:
(1) 
All internal streets shall be permanently paved with plant bituminous material or other hard, durable surface which shall be maintained free of cracks and holes and the edges of which shall be protected from raveling. Minimum pavement widths shall be 24 feet for streets providing access to 40 or more mobile home lots, and 18 feet for streets providing access to less than 40 mobile home lots. Widths shall be measured from curb face to curb face.
(2) 
No on-street parking shall be permitted.
(3) 
Dead-end streets shall be limited in length to 400 feet, shall be provided with culs-de-sac with turning areas of not less than 40 feet in radius, or with "T" or "Y" turning areas, and shall provide access to no more than 20 mobile home lots.
(4) 
Streets shall be approximately at right angles at and within 100 feet of street intersections. Offsets at intersections of less than 125 feet from center line to center line and intersections of more than two streets at one point shall be avoided.
(5) 
Streets shall be adapted to the topography, shall follow the contours of the land as nearly as possible, and shall have safe grade and alignments. No grade shall exceed 12% or no curve shall have an outside radius of less than 80 feet.
(6) 
Lighting shall be provided in such a way as to produce a minimum of 0.1 footcandle at street level throughout the system, with at least 0.3 footcandle at street intersections, park entrances, and other potentially hazardous locations in or around the park.
(7) 
Entrances shall be provided in sufficient numbers to ensure safe and convenient ingress and egress. Where the proposed park adjoins two or more public roads, entrances shall be provided on at least two public roads where possible, provided that the internal street system shall be so designed as to discourage through traffic. Entrances shall be no closer than 125 feet from an existing public road intersection.
E. 
An adequate supply of water approved by the State Health Department shall be furnished from a public water supply system, or from a private water system conforming to all applicable laws, regulations, resolutions and ordinances with water connections located on each mobile home lot. All water lines shall be made frost-free.
F. 
In each mobile home park, all wastewater from a faucet, toilet, tub, shower, sink, slopsink, drain, washing machine, garbage disposal unit or laundry shall empty into a sewer system approved by the Health Department.
G. 
Each mobile home park shall provide door-to-door garbage pickup for disposal in approved containers at a central location within the mobile home park or provide an adequate number of trash containers as specified by the Town Manager, so located to allow the Town to collect and dispose of the solid waste generated by park residents only or by private contract for disposal in accordance with applicable state and local laws.
H. 
There shall be provided a minimum of 30,000 square feet of developed recreational area, exclusive of required setback and yard requirements, per each 25 mobile home lots or multiple or fraction thereof.
I. 
All utilities shall be underground, except control instrumentation and substations which must be screened by planting or ornamental walls. No overhead wires are permitted within the park.
J. 
Fencing or vegetative screening shall be provided to a height of six feet and such a density that no mobile home or mobile home accessory structure shall be visible to a casual observer on any side of a mobile home park abutting the back yard of a residential structure or the side yard of a residential structure, provided the screening does not extend beyond the setback line of the structure. Provided that where natural features such as topography or natural vegetation are prescribed and prevent the park from being casually visible from adjoining properties, requirements for screening may be waived. Fencing where required shall be maintained in a safe condition, shall be painted and shall be kept in good repair.
A. 
The minimum number of mobile home lots and stands completed and ready for occupancy before the first occupancy is permitted shall be 12, and no lot or stand shall be rented for a period of less than 60 days. Prior to the first occupancy, a certified statement of compliance shall be obtained from the Zoning Administrator.
B. 
Permanent buildings housing management offices, child-care centers, laundry facilities, or indoor recreational facilities or other service facilities may be permitted in mobile home parks, provided such facilities:
(1) 
Shall meet parking requirements for such facilities as specified in this chapter;
(2) 
Shall be subordinate to the residential use and character of the park;
(3) 
Shall be located, designed and intended to serve the service needs of persons residing in the park;
(4) 
Shall present no visible evidence of their nonresidential character to any area outside the park;
(5) 
Shall meet all applicable federal, state and local requirements pertaining to such uses; and
(6) 
Shall not occupy more than 10% of the area of the park.
A. 
Site plans shall be submitted at a scale of not less than one inch equals 100 feet.
B. 
Two clearly legible blue-line or black-line copies of the site plan shall be submitted. Additional copies may be requested as deemed necessary.
C. 
The names and addresses of the owner and developer and a scale and North arrow shall be included on all maps. The site plan shall also include:
(1) 
The names and addresses of the owners of record of all adjacent properties;
(2) 
Current zoning boundaries, including surrounding areas to a distance of 300 feet;
(3) 
Erosion control measures as regulated by Chapter 96;
(4) 
The location and size of proposed buildings and uses thereof;
(5) 
The proposed topography;
(6) 
The layout of off-street parking;
(7) 
The location of proposed utility lines, indicating where they already exist;
(8) 
Proposed storm and sanitary drainage systems, both surface and subsurface, showing pipe sizes, grades, flow and design loads;
(9) 
The proposed location, direction of power, and time and use of outdoor lighting;
(10) 
The location, size and design of proposed signs;
(11) 
Facilities for disposal of trash and other solid wastes; and
(12) 
The elevations of buildings to be built or altered on site.
D. 
The name of the proposed park shall be included on the site plan and shall not closely approximate that of any existing mobile home park or subdivision in the Town or in the county.
E. 
The location and dimensions of all existing streets and street rights-of-way, easements, water, sewerage, drainage facilities and other community facilities and utilities adjacent to the proposed park shall be included on the site plan.
F. 
All existing significant natural and historical features on or adjacent to the proposed park, including, but not limited to, views from the property and views from adjoining properties that might be affected by the proposed park, shall be included on the site plan.
G. 
The proposed layout shall include interior streets with dimensions and such typical street cross sections and center line profiles as may be required in evaluating the street layout; interior monuments and lot lines, dimensions, and areas of mobile home lots, common open space and recreation areas, common parking areas and other common areas; locations and dimensions of mobile home stands and parking spaces, management offices, laundry facilities, recreation buildings and other permanent structures; location and nature of firefighting facilities, including hydrants, fire extinguishers and other firefighting equipment; location of fuel storage facilities and structures of high flammability; and location and dimensions of landscaping amenities, including streetlights, sidewalks, planted areas, significant natural features to be retained and fencing and screening.
H. 
A narrative statement shall be included describing how the standards and requirements set forth herein are to be met; a statement from the Health Department certifying approval of the proposed site plan; and a statement from the resident engineer certifying that all ingress and egress to and from public streets and alleys meet the specifications of the Code of Virginia, § 33.1-198, and the minimum standards of entrances to state highways.
I. 
A vicinity map at a scale no smaller than 600 feet to one inch, showing all streets and property within 1,000 feet of the property for which the application is made shall be included on the site plan. All properties owned or controlled by the applicant in this area shall be identified.