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Town of Appomattox, VA
Appomattox County
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The primary purpose of the M-1 Industrial District is to permit certain industries, which do not in any way detract from residential desirability, to locate in any area adjacent to residential uses. The limitations on (or provisions relating to) height of building, horsepower, heating, flammable liquids or explosives, controlling emission of fumes, odors and/or noise, landscaping, and the number of persons employed are imposed to protect and foster adjacent residential desirability while permitting industries to locate near a labor supply.
In Industrial District M-1, any structure to be erected or land to be used shall be for one or more of the following uses, all of which shall require a conditional use permit:
A. 
Assembly of electrical appliances, electronic instruments and devices; also the manufacture of small parts such as coils, condensers, transformers and crystal holders.
B. 
Automobile assembling, painting, upholstering, repairing, rebuilding, reconditioning, body and fender work, truck repairing or overhauling, tire retreading or recapping or battery manufacture with a conditional use permit.
C. 
Welding or machine shop excluding punch presses exceeding forty-ton-rated capacity and drop hammers.
D. 
Laboratories, pharmaceutical and/or medical.
E. 
Manufacture, compounding, processing, packaging or treatment of such products as bakery goods, candy, cosmetics, dairy products, drugs, perfumes, pharmaceuticals, perfumed toilet soap, toiletries and food products.
F. 
Manufacture, compounding, assembling or treatment of articles of merchandise from the following previously prepared materials: bone, cellophane, canvas, cloth, cork, feathers, felt, fiber, fur, glass, hair, horn, leather, paper, plastic, precious or semiprecious metals or stone, shell, straw, textiles, tobacco, wood, yarn and paint.
G. 
Manufacture of pottery and figurines or other similar ceramic products, using only previously pulverized clay and kilns fired only by electricity or gas.
H. 
Manufacture of musical instruments, toys, novelties and rubber and metal stamps.
I. 
Building material sales yards, plumbing supplies storage, millwork manufacturing and feed and seed process.
J. 
Contractors' equipment storage yard or plant, or rental of equipment commonly used by contractors.
K. 
Cabinet, furniture and upholstery shops.
L. 
Boatbuilding.
M. 
Monumental stone works.
N. 
Veterinary or dog or cat hospital, kennels.
O. 
Truck terminals and petroleum storage.
P. 
Wholesale businesses, storage warehouses.
Q. 
Public utility generating, booster or relay stations, transformer substations, transmission lines and towers, and other facilities for the provision and maintenance of public utilities, including railroads and facilities, and water and sewerage installations.
A. 
Before a zoning permit shall be issued or construction commenced on any permitted use in the M-1 Industrial District, or a permit issued for a new use, the plans, in sufficient detail to show the operations and processes, shall be submitted to the Zoning Administrator for study. The Administrator may refer these plans to the Planning Commission for its recommendation. Modifications of the plans may be required.
B. 
Landscaping may be required within any established or required front setback area in the M-1 District. The plans and execution must take into consideration traffic hazards. Landscaping may be permitted up to a height of three feet and to within 50 feet from the corner of any intersecting streets.
C. 
Sufficient area shall be provided:
(1) 
To adequately screen permitted uses from adjacent business and residential districts;
(2) 
For off-street parking of vehicles incidental to the industry, its employees and clients; and
(3) 
For off-street loading and unloading facilities.
D. 
The Administrator shall act on any application for a zoning permit received within 31 days after receiving the application. If formal notice in writing is given to the applicant, the time for action may be extended for a twenty-day period. Failure on the part of the Administrator to act on the application within the established time limit shall be deemed to constitute approval of the application.
For permitted uses in the M-1 District utilizing individual sewage disposal systems, the required area for any such use shall be approved by the health official. The Administrator shall require a greater area if considered necessary by the county sanitarian.
Structures in the M-1 Industrial District shall be located 35 feet or more from the street right-of-way. This shall be known as the "setback line."
For permitted uses in the M-1 Industrial District, the minimum side yard adjoining or adjacent to a residential or agricultural district shall be 10 feet. The side yard of corner lots shall be 35 feet from the street right-of-way.
In the M-1 Industrial District, buildings may be erected up to a height of 35 feet. For buildings over 35 feet in height, approval shall be obtained from the Administrator. Chimneys, flues, cooling towers, flagpoles, radio or communication towers or their accessory facilities not normally occupied by workmen are excluded from this limitation. Parapet walls are permitted up to four feet above the limited height of the building on which the walls rest.
Buildings or groups of buildings with their accessory buildings may cover up to 70% of the area of the lot in the M-1 Industrial District.