[R.O. 2009 §17.44.010]
The legislature of the State of Missouri has in Section 77.260, RSMo., delegated the responsibility to local units to adopt regulations designed to promote the public health, safety and general welfare of its citizenry. Therefore, the City Council of Sikeston, Missouri, does ordain as follows.
[R.O. 2009 §17.44.020]
The flood hazard areas of Sikeston, Missouri, are subject to periodic inundation which results in loss of life and property, health and safety hazards, disruption of commerce and governmental services, extraordinary public expenditures for flood protection and relief and impairment of the tax base, all of which adversely affect the public health, safety and general welfare.
These flood losses are caused by the cumulative effect of obstructions in floodplains causing increases in flood heights and velocities and by the occupancy in flood hazard areas by uses vulnerable to floods or hazards to other lands which are inadequately elevated, floodproofed or otherwise unprotected from flood damages.
[R.O. 2009 §17.44.030]
It is the purpose of this Chapter to promote the public health, safety and general welfare and to minimize public and private losses due to flood conditions in specific areas by provisions designed:
To protect human life and health;
To minimize expenditures of public money for costly control projects;
To minimize the need of rescue and relief efforts associated with flooding and generally undertaken at the expense of the general public;
To minimize prolonged business interruptions;
To minimize damage to public facilities and utilities such as water and gas mains, electric, telephone and sewer lines, streets and bridges located in floodplains;
To help maintain a stable tax base by providing for the sound use and development of flood-prone areas in such a manner as to minimize future flood blight areas;
To insure that potential home buyers are notified that property is in a flood area; and
To insure that those who occupy the areas of special hazard assume responsibilities for their actions.
[R.O. 2009 §17.44.040]
In order to accomplish its purposes, this Chapter includes methods and provisions for:
Restricting or prohibiting uses which are dangerous to health, safety and property due to water or erosion or to flood heights or velocities.
Requiring that uses vulnerable to floods, including facilities which serve such uses, be protected against flood damage at the time of initial construction.
Controlling the alteration of natural floodplains, stream channels and natural protective barriers which are involved in the accommodation of floodwaters.
Controlling filling, grading, dredging and other development which may increase erosion or flood damage.
Preventing or regulating the construction of flood barriers which will unnaturally divert floodwaters or which may increase flood hazards in other areas.