[R.O. 2009 §13.08.360; Ord. No. 4101 §9, 1980]
For the purpose of this Article, the following definitions shall apply. Words used in the singular include the plural and the plural the singular; words used in the present tense include the future tense. The word "shall" is mandatory and not discretionary. The word "may" is permissive. Words not defined in this Section shall be construed to have the meaning given by common and ordinary use as defined by the latest edition of Webster's Dictionary.
- 100-YEAR STORM
- Rainstorms of varying durations and intensities having a one percent (1%) or more probability of recurring in any one (1) year.
- Any person applying for a permit to proceed with a project.
- An underground formation, group of formations or part of a formation that is permeable enough to transmit, store and yield usable quantities of water.
- ARTIFICIAL DRAINAGE SYSTEM
- Any canal, ditch, culvert, dike, storm sewer or other manmade facility which tends to control the surface flow of water.
- BONA FIDE AGRICULTURAL PURSUITS
- Those uses of land solely for agricultural purposes.
- COUNCIL AND CITY COUNCIL
- The City Council of the City of Sikeston, Missouri.
- Any person who acts in his/her own behalf or as the agent of any owner of property and engages in alteration of land or vegetation in preparation for construction activity.
- The carrying out of any building or mini-operation or the making of any material change in the use or appearance of any structure or land.
- DISCHARGE, DISCHARGE POINT
- The outflow of water from a project, site, aquifer, drainage basin or facility.
- DRAINAGE CORRIDOR, NATURAL DRAINAGE CORRIDOR
- Surface streams or swamps which convey water to natural points of discharge.
- GROUND WATER
- Water beneath the surface of the ground whether or not flowing through known and definite channels.
- A graph showing, for a given point on a stream or conduit, the runoff flow rate with respect to time.
- HYDROLOGIC CYCLE
- The movement of water through the environments on, above and below the surface of the earth.
- The alteration of any structure, land, vegetation or water body or the construction of any structure.
- The earth, water and air above, below or on the surface and includes any vegetation, improvements or structures customarily regarded as land.
- NATURAL FLOW PATTERN
- The rate, volume and direction of the surface or ground water flow occurring under natural conditions for any given portion of Sikeston, Missouri.
- An individual, corporation, governmental agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, two (2) or more persons having a joint or common interest or any other legal entity.
- The particular structures and improvements proposed by the applicant on a particular land area which are part of a common plan of development and shall include the subdivision of land into two (2) or more parcels for the purpose of offering the same to the public for purchase.
- PROJECT INITIATION
- All acts antecedent to actual construction activities and includes, but is not limited to, land clearing, surveying, site planning, architectural drawing, utility construction and the like.
- Volume per unit of time.
- The inflow of water into a project, site, aquifer, drainage basin or facility.
- SITE PLAN
- The plan required to acquire a development construction, building or stormwater permit which shows the means by which the developer will conform with applicable provisions of this Article and other applicable ordinances.
- STORM SEWER
- A closed conduit for conveying stormwater.
- STORMWATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM
- All means, natural or manmade, used for conveying stormwater to, through or from a drainage area to the point of final outlet including, but not limited to, conduits and appurtenant features, canals, channels, ditches, streams, culverts and streets.
- STORMWATER RUNOFF
- The waters derived from rain or melting snow within a tributary drainage basin, flowing over the surface of the ground or collected in channels or conduits.
- That which is built or constructed, an edifice or building of any kind or any piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner.
- SURFACE WATER
- Water upon the surface of the earth, whether contained in bounds created naturally or artificial or diffused. Water from natural springs or wells shall be classified as surface water when it exits from the spring or well onto the earth's surface.
- Occupied space and is measured in cubic units.
- All water on or beneath the surface of the ground or in the atmosphere, including natural or artificial watercourses, lakes, ponds or diffused surface water and water standing, percolating or flowing beneath the surface of the ground, as well as all coastal waters within Sikeston, Missouri.
- WATER DETENTION STRUCTURE, WATER MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE
- A facility which provides for storage of stormwater runoff and the controlled release of such runoff during and after a flood or storm.
- WATER RETENTION STRUCTURE
- A facility which provides for storage of stormwater runoff.
- Fresh or salt water marshes, swamps, bogs and wet woodlands characterized by specific vegetational types and plan communities, whether:
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.370; Ord. No. 4101 §1, 1980]
This Article shall apply to the incorporated areas of the City.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.380; Ord. No. 4101 §2, 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
No person may make any improvements or change in the use, arrangements or appearance of any structure or land without first obtaining a permit from the City of Sikeston, in the manner set forth in this Article, and in any and all other applicable ordinances in effect in this City.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.390; Ord. No. 4101 §3, 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
For purposes of this Article, the following activities may potentially alter or disrupt the natural stormwater runoff patterns and as such will require a permit prior to the initiation of any such project.
Clearing and/or draining of land as an adjunct to construction;
Clearing and/or draining of land for agricultural purposes;
Converting agricultural lands to non-agricultural uses;
Subdividing land into two (2) or more parcels;
Replatting recorded subdivisions and the development of unrecorded subdivisions;
Changing the use, arrangement, appearance, intensity or density of structures or land;
Altering the shoreline or bank of any surface water body;
Any activities which disturb one (1) acre or more of pervious surface, with the exception of farming activities; and
Creating and/or increasing pervious surface, either building or parking area, with an area of greater than two thousand (2,000) square feet.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.410; Ord. No. 4101 §5, 1980; Ord. No. 4208 §4, 1980; Ord. No. 4332 §§1—2, 1982; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
Stormwater management control standards shall meet the following performance standards and requirements:
The surface runoff from the developed site shall approximate the hydrograph, in terms of peak flow, for a two-year frequency storm for the undeveloped, natural site. In addition the shape and timing of the outflow hydrograph on downstream flow and water quality conditions shall be assessed.
Historical rates and volumes of stormwater runoff, whether discharged into natural drainage corridors or artificial drainage systems, shall meet existing water quality standards at the point of discharge. Discharge points shall be designed to prevent erosive velocities.
Runoff computations shall be based on the most critical situation (rainfall duration and distribution) and conform to acceptable engineering practices using rainfall data and other local information applicable to the affected area.
Retention or detentions structures and attenuation devices.
Retention or detention structures and attenuation devices in subdivision projects shall be on private property, except where it is determined, through the subdivision review process, that there will be a public benefit and that specific public benefit is desirable in the proposed location. Maintenance responsibility shall remain with the property owner on which the structure is located.
To determine the desirability and feasibility of public ownership and public maintenance of a retention or detention structure and attenuation devices the following items shall be considered in, but not limited to, the following evaluations.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.420; Ord. No. 4101 §6(part), 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
The following criteria are to be applied in the design and development of stormwater drainage facilities:
Stormwater collection systems.
Design frequency. Ten (10) year frequency rainfall amounts from technical papers published by the U.S. Weather Bureau shall be used to determine the discharges for the design of storm sewers, inlet capacities and such appurtenances.
Hydrologic design. Hydrologic designs and summary runoff computations shall be prepared by a professional engineer registered in the State of Missouri and must be made using the Rational Method (with "C" factors based upon percent of impervious site area from the tabulation in this paragraph), Soil Conservation Service Technical Release 55 (TR-55) or other technical method acceptable to the City. If other methods than the two (2) noted herein are proposed, then approval must be obtained from the City.
Hydraulic design. Hydraulic computations for pipes and ditches shall use open-channel, pressurized pipe, culvert, orifice and weir equations and coefficients generally accepted by the civil engineering community. The project engineer shall clearly document the sources used for hydraulic design.
Conveyance on streets. The 10-year storm flow shall be allowed to be conveyed on all streets to a depth of two (2) inches above the roadway centerline, but in no case shall the stormwater extend either to more than fourteen (14) feet beyond the edge of pavement or back of curb or outside the street right-of-way.
Maintenance during construction.
Straw bale barriers, silt fences or similar erosion control features must be provided during construction to control the transport of silt from the site and into the public streets or storm water system.
Seeding and mulching or sodding of earthen improvements must made as soon as possible after completion of the improvements.
Prior to acceptance by the City all features must be free of sediment and a sufficient stand of grass or other protective measures must be established to retard erosion and control the transport of sediment.
If the developer fails to provide adequate maintenance and the facilities become inoperative or ineffective, the City of Sikeston may perform remedial work at the developer's expense.
Stormwater detention or retention facilities.
When required. Detention or retention systems will be required for development sites from which the post-development 10-year discharge would exceed the 10-year pre-development discharge and where the existing downstream drainage facilities have inadequate capacity to accept the additional post-development discharge from the site. Design computations will be required to demonstrate that no detention is required. Developments without detention or retention must be individually approved by the City Manager or his/her designee.
Detention design frequency. Detention basins shall be designed to receive the 10-year post-development discharge and limit the maximum discharge from the site to the 2-year pre-development discharge. Computations must be provided for the basin volume and for the performance of the control structure.
Detention volume for sites of 20 acres or less. For sites of twenty (20) acres or less the volumes for detention basins shall be determined by either a routing of the 10-year hydrograph through the basin and control structure by an acceptable computer-based hydraulic routing program or by providing a volume equivalent to provided one thousand eight hundred (1,800) seconds of storage of the difference between the 10-year peak post-development discharge and the 2-year peak pre-development discharge.
Detention volume for sites of over 20 acres. For sites of over twenty (20) acres the volumes for detention basins must be determined by routing the 10-year hydrograph through the basin and control structure with an acceptable computer-based hydraulic routing program.
Retention basin design. Storm water retention basins or hybrid detention/retention basins may be used to take advantage of soil infiltration to reduce the peak rate of discharge. Discharge from such basins shall not exceed the 2-year pre-development flow. Design seepage rates shall not be more than ten percent (10%) of that observed by on-site percolation tests or indicated by soil report data. The total volume of no-discharge retention-only basins shall not be less than that required to contain the total volume of runoff from an eight and one-half (8.5) inch rainfall event as indicated by Table 2-1 of TR-55.
Forms of detention and retention. Detention and retention basins may be provided in the following forms:
Drain-dry earthen basins with maximum 4:1 side slopes, concrete lined low-flow channels and a one (1) foot minimum freeboard,
Permanent ponds with maximum 4:1 side slopes, minimum permanent water depth of three (3) feet and two (2) foot minimum freeboard,
Underground piping and basins with provisions for silt control and removal,
Parking lots to a maximum depth of twelve (12) inches.
The above list of design options is not intended to preclude the use of innovative design concepts.
Detention and retention facility design and site details. The design and site details for detention and retention basins must provide for the following:
Adequate space and legal authority for access (a minimum of fifteen (15) feet around top of slopes) must be provided for maintenance and inspection.
The facilities must be designed and have emergency spillways to allow passage of a 100-year developed runoff without detriment to the structure and must limit backwater to avoid damage to the improvements on the site.
Low-flow openings of less than twelve (12) inches in diameter or minor dimension shall be provided with a two (2) inch bar screen with a net opening area of at least one hundred forty-four (144) square inches.
Maintenance during construction.
Detention or retention facilities must be constructed before other major site disruption to allow the features to be used for the control of the transport sediment.
Accumulated sediment must be removed whenever the presence of such sediment degrades the performance of the structure in the control of transport of sediment.
If the developer fails to provide adequate maintenance and the facilities become inoperative or ineffective or become a nuisance, the City of Sikeston may perform remedial work at the developer's expense.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.420; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
The following provisions shall govern the control of all construction site runoff for all construction projects within the City.
Site disturbance permits required. All construction projects which would disturb one (1) acre or more must obtain a land disturbance permit from the Missouri Department of Natural Resources. In addition to the requirements of this Chapter the condition of any land disturbance permit shall be applicable.
Best management practices (BMP's). BMP's shall include both physical improvements and good construction practices. The minimum required BMP's shall include the following, but may include others as required by the owner in the review of the construction.
Physical silt control BMP's. All construction projects shall provide a physical or vegetative buffer to retard the migration of silt from the site of the project. These measures must be installed prior to the start of excavating or grading activities and may be either silt fencing, straw bale barriers, sod strips, fully-established turf strips or other management practice that will effectively retard the migration of silt.
Physical tracking control BMP's. The access to construction sites must be either a permanently paved or a temporary gravel surface sufficient to allow for the movement to and from the site and parking of vehicles on site. The goal of this requirement is to eliminate the tracking of silt on vehicles from construction sites.
Establishment of turf. The contractor shall provide seeding and mulching of a minimum width of twenty (20) feet along the perimeter of the site immediately upon completion of grading activities. Follow-up seeding shall be done as required to produce an acceptable stand of grass. No disturbed areas along the site perimeter shall be left without seeding for more than one (1) month.
Construction practice BMP's. Provisions must be made on construction sites to prevent the migration of mud, silt and debris including the following minimum measures:
The contractor shall be responsible to inform employees on the goals to minimize pollution and to provide instructions on the measures required by this Chapter.
Parking on non-surfaced areas shall be avoided. Contractors must use paved access and parking areas adjacent to or within the area.
All vehicles leaving the site will be washed of all mud. The contractor shall maintain a wash down area and washed materials shall be removed on a regular basis.
The contractor shall sweep the public roadway as required to remove mud, dirt or rock tracked from the site.
No slopes or cut faces or embankments shall be left at day's end that are greater than 3 horizontal to 1 vertical except for excavations than have no discharge from the site.
Spill prevention BMP's. The following provisions must be made regarding spill prevention and control:
Any spill of petroleum, paint or other product which might cause ground water pollution in excess of five (5) gallons shall be immediately reported to the City.
Vehicles that have fluid leaks will not be used, any leaks will be fixed immediately or the equipment shall be hauled from the site.
Concrete trucks shall not be washed down in areas where the washed material will not be properly disposed with embankment.
The contractor shall not allow any liquid to be washed into any street, storm sewer, swale or ditch. All liquid products shall be stored in their original containers and sealed when not in use.
Solid waste BMP's. The following provisions must be made regarding the handling of solid waste:
All vegetative solid waste shall be disposed by the contractor in compliance with prevailing laws, ordinances and regulations. No burning of any form will be allowed.
Removed pavement may be used as embankment as long as it qualifies as clean fill in compliance with prevailing laws, ordinances and regulations.
Other solid waste not conforming to the above requirements shall be disposed by the contractor at a permitted solid waste disposal facility.
Maintenance and inspection of BMP's. As a minimum the contractor shall perform the following maintenance and inspection activities:
All control measures shall be inspected by the contractor at least once per week and following any storm event of one-half (0.5) inches or more. A log shall be kept of inspection activities.
Repairs required for any structural BMP's shall be made by the contractor within twenty-four (24) hours of being discovered.
Public roadways used for access for the project shall be inspected daily for dirt, debris, spills and any such materials shall be corrected immediately.
Public roadway pavements shall be inspected daily for pavement damage, any noted damage must be reported to the City immediately.
Accumulated sediment that impacts the performance of a BMP will be removed and shall not be allowed to exceed one-third (1/3) the height of the barrier.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.430; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
The following provisions shall govern the long-term operation and maintenance of privately-owned drainage facilities including detention and retention basins.
If responsibility for post-construction operation and maintenance is to be transferred to the individual private owners in a subdivision, the developer shall assure perpetual maintenance of the drainage facilities through the adoption of maintenance agreements and covenants to be noted on and recorded with the subdivision plat and referenced on the deeds for any such facilities.
Operation and maintenance responsibilities for stormwater detention and retention structures including flow attenuation devices shall remain with the legal owner of the site of the subject improvements. Typical operation and maintenance activities include the following:
If the owner of the site for stormwater detention and retention structures including flow attenuation devices fails to provide adequate operation and maintenance and the facilities become inoperative or ineffective or become a nuisance, the City of Sikeston may perform remedial work at the developer's expense.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.440; Ord. No. 4101 §7(part), 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
Any person proposing to make any material change in the use or appearance of any structure or land shall apply for a permit on an application form available from the Planning/Code Enforcement Office of the City of Sikeston. Said application shall be filed by the owner/applicant and shall contain the following elements:
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.450; Ord. No. 4101 §7(part), 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
Within forty-five (45) working days after submission of the completed permit application package, the City Manager or his/her designee shall approve, approve subject to conditions/modifications or reject the proposed plans and shall notify the applicant accordingly.
If additional engineering information is required, it shall be the responsibility of the applicant to furnish the following information to the City Manager or his/her designee:
A detailed site plan, including general location map for the proposed project prepared by a professional engineer registered in the State of Missouri;
Topographic maps of the site before and after the proposed alteration, including such adjoining land whose topography may affect the layout or drainage;
General vegetation maps of the site before and after the proposed alteration; and
The construction plans, specifications and computations necessary to indicate compliance with the requirements of this Article.
If the application is rejected or modified, the City Manager or his/her designee shall state the reasons for rejection or modification.
If the City Manager or his/her designee has not rendered a decision within forty-five (45) business days after the application's submission, the designee must inform the applicant of the status of the review process and the anticipated completion date.
If the applicant feels aggrieved due to rejection, modification or delay, the applicant must request a hearing before the City Council.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.460; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
A permit fee shall be collected at the time the permit application is filed. Said fee will reflect the cost of the administration and management of the permitting process.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.470; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
After approval of the permit application, the applicant shall be required to adhere strictly to the stormwater management plan and construction site runoff control measures, as approved. Any changes or amendments to the plan must be approved by the City Manager or his/her designee in accordance with the procedures set forth in Sections 700.090 through 700.140. The City Manager or his/her designee shall be granted inspection rights and right-of-entry privileges in order to insure compliance with the requirements of this Article.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.480; Ord. No. 4101 §10, 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
If the City Manager or his/her designee determines the project is not being carried out in accordance with the approved plan, said designee is authorized to:
Issue written notice to the applicant specifying the nature and location of the alleged non-compliance, with the remedial steps necessary to bring the project into compliance.
Issue a stop work order directing the applicant to cease and desist all or any portion of the work which violates the provisions of this Article, if the remedial work is not completed within a specified time frame. The applicant must then bring the project into compliance or be subject to immediate revocation of this permit and to the penalties in Section 700.190.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.490; Ord. No. 4101 §12, 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
Where it may be shown by investigation that an increase or decrease in the rate or volume of surface runoff may be beneficial to the water resources of the City of Sikeston, Missouri, the City Manager, upon recommendation by his/her designee, may grant a variance to this Article. The variance request must be initiated by the developer.
[R.O. 2009 §3.08.500; Ord. No. 4101 §13, 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
No part of this Article shall be construed to prevent the doing of any act necessary to prevent material harm to or destruction of real or personal property as a result of a present emergency when the property is in imminent peril and the necessity of obtaining a permit is impractical and would cause undue hardship in the protection of the property.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.510; Ord. No. 4101 §14, 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
In the interpretation and application of this Article, the provisions expressed shall be held to be the minimum requirements and shall be liberally construed in favor of the City and shall not be deemed a limitation or repeal of any other powers granted by City Charter or State Statutes.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.520; Ord. No. 4101 §15, 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
This Article shall not create liability on the part of the City or any official or employee thereof for any damages which may result from reliance on this Article or on any administrative decision lawfully made thereunder.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.530; Ord. No. 4101 §16, 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
In case of conflict between this Article or any part thereof and the whole or part of any other existing or future ordinance or code, the most restrictive in each case shall apply.
[R.O. 2009 §13.08.540; Ord. No. 4101 §11, 1980; Ord. No. 5816 §II, 6-15-2010]
Any person, whether owner, lessee, principal, agent, employer or otherwise, who violates or causes to be violated any provision of this Article or permits any such violation or fails to comply with any of the requirements shall be punished by a fine not to exceed five hundred dollars ($500.00) or by imprisonment for a period not to exceed sixty (60) days, or by both such fine and imprisonment. Each day upon which such violation shall continue shall constitute a separate offense hereunder.