City of Hazelwood, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Editor's Note—Ord. no. 3834-07 §2, adopted January 3, 2007, repealed ch. 390 and enacted new provisions set out herein.

Section 390.010 Definitions.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall mean:
BICYCLE
Every vehicle propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels, except scooters and similar devices.
ELECTRIC PERSONAL ASSISTIVE MOBILITY DEVICE (EPAMD)
A self-balancing, two non-tandem wheeled device, designed to transport only one (1) person, with an electric propulsion system with an average power of seven hundred fifty (750) watts (one (1) horsepower), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a propulsion system while ridden by an operator who weighs one hundred seventy (170) pounds, is less than twenty (20) miles per hour. Persons under sixteen (16) years of age shall not operate an electric personal assistive mobility device, except for an operator with a mobility-related disability.
MOTORIZED BICYCLE
Any two- or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor and a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground. A motorized bicycle shall be considered a motor vehicle for purposes of any homeowners' or renters' insurance policy.
SCOOTER
A device that typically has one (1) front and one (1) rear wheel and a low footboard between, is steered by a handlebar and is propelled either by pushing one foot against the ground while resting the other foot on the footboard or a motor. A scooter may have more than two (2) wheels.

Section 390.020 Scope of Regulations.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
These regulations apply to bicyclists, motorized bicycle operators, scooter operators, roller bladers, roller skaters, electric personal assistive mobility devices (EPAMD) and skateboarders when such devices are operated upon any highway, roadway or alleyway or upon any path set aside for the exclusive use of such devices subject to those exceptions stated by this Code.

Section 390.030 Traffic Laws To Apply.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
Every person operating a bicycle, motorized bicycle, scooter, roller blades, roller skates, EPAMD or skateboards upon a highway, roadway or alleyway is granted all of the rights and is subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by the laws of this State declaring rules of the road applicable to the driver of a vehicle, except as to special regulations in this Chapter and except as to those provisions of law and ordinance which by their nature can have no application.

Section 390.040 Obedience To Traffic Control Devices.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
A. 
Any person operating a bicycle, motorized bicycle, scooter, roller blades, skateboards, EPAMD or roller skates, shall obey the instructions of official traffic control devices applicable to vehicles, unless otherwise directed by a Law Enforcement Officer.
B. 
Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating that no right or left or U-turn is permitted, no person operating a bicycle, motorized bicycle, scooter, roller blades, roller skates, EPAMD and skateboards, shall disobey the direction of any such sign. Where such person dismounts from such devices to make any such turn, the person shall then obey the regulations applicable to pedestrians.

Section 390.050 Motorized Devices — License and Equipment Required.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
A. 
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle or motorized scooter on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless the person has a valid license to operate a motor vehicle.
B. 
No motorized bicycle or motorized scooter may be operated on any public thoroughfare located within this City which has been designated as part of the Federal interstate highway system.
C. 
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highways, streets or roads in this City unless it is equipped in accordance with the minimum requirements for construction and equipment of MOPEDS, Regulation VESC-17, approved July 1977, as promulgated by the Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission, as amended.
D. 
Motorized scooters shall be so equipped and maintained so as to not create excessive noise.
E. 
Operators of motorized scooters are not required to have vehicle registration, nor required to show proof of financial responsibility.

Section 390.060 Riding On Bicycles, Scooters or Skateboards.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
A. 
A person propelling a bicycle or motorized bicycle shall not ride on the seat other than a permanent and regularly attached seat.
B. 
No bicycle, motorized bicycle, scooter, roller blades, roller skates, EPAMD or skateboard shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.

Section 390.070 Riding On Highways, Roads, Alleyways.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
A. 
Every person operating a bicycle, motorized bicycle, scooter, roller blades, roller skates, EPAMDs or skateboard on a highway, roadway or alleyway shall ride as near to the right side of the highway, roadway or alleyway as practicable and shall exercise due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction.
B. 
Persons riding bicycles, motorized bicycles, scooters, roller blades, roller skates, EPAMDs or skateboards upon a road shall not ride more than two (2) abreast except when riding on paths or part of roads set aside for the exclusive use of such devices.

Section 390.080 Speed.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
No person shall operate a bicycle, scooter, motorized bicycle, roller blades, roller skates, EPAMD or skateboard at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the existing conditions nor shall such operator exceed the legal speed limit for the roadway while riding upon the roadway.

Section 390.090 Emerging From Alleyway, Private Roadway or Driveway.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
The operator of a bicycle, scooter, motorized bicycle, roller blades, roller skates, EPAMD or skateboard emerging from an alleyway, private roadway, driveway or building shall, upon approaching a sidewalk or the sidewalk area, yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians approaching on the sidewalk or sidewalk area. Upon entering the highway or roadway, the operator shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on the highway or roadway.

Section 390.100 Carrying Articles.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
No person operating a bicycle, scooter, motorized bicycle, roller blades, roller skates, EPAMD or skateboard shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the rider from keeping at least one (1) hand upon the handle bars, as applicable.

Section 390.110 Parking.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
No person shall park a bicycle, scooter, motorized bicycle, roller blades, roller skates, EPAMD or skateboard upon a highway, roadway or sidewalk in such a manner as to obstruct vehicular or pedestrian traffic.

Section 390.120 Lamps and Other Equipment On Bicycles, Etc..

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
A. 
Every bicycle, scooter, motorized bicycle, roller blades, roller skates, EPAMD or skateboard, when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with and shall use a lamp on the front which emits a white light visible from a distance of at least five hundred (500) feet to the front and with a red, white or yellow reflector on the rear of a type which is visible from all directions from fifty (50) feet to three hundred (300) feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful upper beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.
B. 
Every bicycle, scooter, motorized bicycle, roller blades, roller skates, EPAMD or skateboard, shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which will enable its driver to stop the device within twenty-five (25) feet from a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.

Section 390.130 Helmet Required For Users of Bicycles and Certain Other Devices.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
A. 
For purposes of this Chapter, the term "helmet" means a piece of headgear which meets or exceeds the impact standard for protective bicycle helmets set by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission federal safety standards, those developed by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the Snell Memorial Foundation or the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM).
B. 
Every person under the age of seventeen (17) years operating or being a passenger on a bicycle or using a scooter, in-line skates, roller skates or a skateboard shall wear a bicycle helmet of good fit, fastened securely upon the head with the straps of the helmet.
C. 
No person operating a bicycle shall allow anyone under the age of seventeen (17) years to ride as a passenger unless the passenger is wearing a bicycle helmet, or else is in an enclosed trailer or other device which meets or exceeds current nationally recognized standards of design and manufacture for the protection of the passenger's head from impacts in an accident without the need for a helmet.
D. 
No parent, custodian or legal guardian of a person under the age of seventeen (17) years shall knowingly permit said person to operate or be a passenger on a bicycle, or to use a scooter, in-line skates, roller skates and skateboards without wearing a bicycle helmet.
E. 
No person operating a bicycle shall allow anyone who is either four (4) years old or younger or weighing forty (40) pounds or less, to ride as a passenger on the bicycle other than in a seat, which shall adequately retain the passenger in place and protect the passenger from the bicycle's moving parts.
F. 
Any operator of or passenger on equipment described in this Chapter found to be in violation of this Chapter may be issued an equipment violation notice as prescribed on a Missouri Uniform Complaint and Summons. The person responsible for payment of the violation may have the violation dismissed, if the person submits a receipt for a proof of purchase of a bicycle helmet along with the helmet, to the Hazelwood Police Department within five (5) calendar days of the date of the violation notice.
G. 
Fines assessed to juvenile violators (age sixteen (16) and under) will be the legal responsibility of the violator's parent, custodian or legal guardian; and therefore any summons issued as a result of a violation committed by such a juvenile, shall be issued to said violator's parent, custodian or legal guardian.
H. 
This Chapter shall not apply to bicycles, scooters, in-line skates, roller skates or skateboards operated on private residential property.

Section 390.140 Roller Skates, Roller Blades and Skateboards — Use Restricted.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
No person upon roller skates, roller blades or a skateboard shall go upon any road except while crossing the road. When so crossing, such person shall be granted all of these rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to all other pedestrians.

Section 390.150 Restrictions On Use of Devices.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
A. 
It shall be unlawful for any person upon a bicycle, a scooter, a motorized bicycle, roller skates, roller blades, EPAMD, a skateboard or similar device, to:
1. 
Ride in or upon any public property (including sidewalks) or private property of another, to include steps, staircases, ramps, banisters, courtyards, fountains, foyers, plazas and other improved areas associated with real property, without specific permission from the property owner or an agent thereof.
2. 
Ride in or upon any school playground, parking garage or paved lot, if the area has been posted to prohibit such devices or without specific permission from the property owner or an agent thereof.
3. 
Use such devices in a crowd or during a public event, except that a person with a demonstrable mobility-related disability may use an EPAMD unless such use would pose a hazard to public safety.
4. 
Latch onto a motor vehicle with the intent to secure a tow or ride.

Section 390.160 Penalty For Violation.

[Ord. No. 3834-07 §2, 1-3-2007]
Any person who shall be convicted of a violation of the provisions of this Chapter shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. If a person seventeen (17) years of age or younger violates a provision of this Chapter, responding Police Officers may impound the device involved and retain possession of same until such time as the parent or guardian of the violator shall appear at the Police Department and claim the impounded device.