Village of Wesley Hills, NY
Rockland County
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All structures and uses shall be provided with a sufficient number of off-street parking and loading spaces to meet the needs of employees, residents, visitors, clients, patrons and other persons at such structures or uses, but not less than the minimum requirements of this chapter. No certificate of occupancy shall be issued for any structure or use, whether for a new structure or a change of use of an existing structure, until such off-street parking and loading spaces have been established in accordance with the requirements of this chapter.
A. 
Required off-street parking spaces shall be provided on the same lot with the structure or use they serve, except as provided in § 230-14X(4), 230-26G(1)(g), or 230-29 of this chapter. Except for special permit uses or for shopping centers as provided in Subsection D, required off-street parking spaces may be located only within a building or in a side or rear yard. In no event shall parking and loading spaces for a use not permitted in a district be located in that district.
[Amended 9-6-2011 by L.L. No. 2-2011]
B. 
In residential districts, not more than one vehicle with commercial registration under 5,000 pounds' gross vehicle weight may be parked on a lot. No vehicle with commercial registration over 5,000 pounds' gross vehicle weight may be parked overnight or kept on a lot in a residential district.
C. 
Off-street loading spaces may be located within any building, within a side or rear yard, or within a required off-street parking area, provided such spaces do not block access to such parking area or any parking space.
D. 
In shopping centers, required off-street parking spaces may be located within a front yard, provided that no portion of any parking space shall be located within seven feet of any side property line, within 14 feet of any front property line or within 20 feet of the traveled way of any public street, unless the Planning Board shall approve lesser distances as being adequate to protect the public health and safety on traveled ways and to avoid conflicts between the usage of the parking area and adjacent traveled ways, in light of the topography, screening, or other natural or man-made physical features affecting the site.
[Added 3-12-1991 by L.L. No. 1-1991]
The Planning Board, in approving a site plan, may allow off-street parking and loading spaces required for structures or uses on the same or adjacent lots to be provided in a single common facility, on one or more of said lots, subject to the following:
A. 
The total capacity of the common facility shall be the sum of the requirements of each individual use, except that said total capacity may be reduced by the Planning Board, provided the applicant demonstrates to the satisfaction of the approving agency that the capacity of such facility will meet the intent of the requirements by reason of the provision of nonreserved parking spaces and variation in the probable time of maximum use by residents, visitors, patrons and employees among such uses.
B. 
As a condition of its approval, the Planning Board shall require a legal instrument satisfactory to the Village Attorney assuring the continued existence and use of said parking spaces in connection with the uses and structures that they serve. Such instrument shall also guarantee that, upon termination of such use, each individual participant will provide off-street parking and loading spaces for its own use in accordance with all requirements of this chapter.
Structures and uses in existence or for which building permits have been issued prior to the effective date of this chapter shall not be subject to the parking or loading requirements of this chapter, provided that any parking and loading facilities then existing to serve such structures or uses shall not in the future be reduced or redesignated to serve other structures or uses, except to the extent they exceed such requirements. When existing structures and uses are expanded, required parking and loading facilities shall be provided for both the existing and new structure or use.
[Amended 4-7-1987 by L.L. No. 5-1987; 12-13-1988 by L.L. No. 7-1988; 3-12-1991 by L.L. No. 1-1991; 9-9-1997 by L.L. No. 4-1997; 10-12-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999; 3-11-2003 by L.L. No. 1-2003; 1-13-2009 by L.L. No. 1-2009; 1-10-2012 by L.L. No. 1-2012]
A. 
The following schedule presents the minimum parking space and loading space requirements of this chapter. Where a lot contains more than one use, the minimum requirements must be satisfied for each and every such use. For uses that do not fall within the categories listed, or for which no requirement is listed, the Planning Board shall set the minimum parking space and loading space requirements, based on the specific nature of the facility and on expected parking demand. Where the number of spaces required pursuant to the following schedule results in a fractional remainder, any fractional remainder exceeding 0.5 shall be rounded upwards to count as one additional space.[1]
Use
Minimum Off-Street Parking Spaces
Minimum Loading Spaces
Principal Uses
One-family dwellings
2 spaces, at least 1 of which shall be an indoor space
Agricultural uses
Shopping centers
1 space per 225 per square feet of GFA
Requirements of § 230-31B
Business or professional offices
1 space per 333 square feet of GFA
Offices of a physician, chiropractor, dentist, psychologist psychiatrist, ophthalmologist, optometrist, optician, speech pathologist, speech audiologist, or other health-related professional
1 space per 200 square feet of GFA
Veterinary office
1 space per employee on the maximum shift, plus 1 space per 400 square feet of GFA
Retail sales, personal services
1 space per 175 square feet of GFA
1 space per each 1,500 square feet of GFA
Restaurants, delicatessens
1 space per 3 seats or 1 space per 75 square feet of GFA, whichever is greater
Fast-food restaurants
1 space per 50 square feet of GFA
Banks
5 spaces per teller station or 1 space per 175 square feet of GFA, whichever is greater
Accessory Uses
Accessory structures
Storage vehicles or boats
1 space per vehicle or boat
Keeping of not more than 1 roomer
1 space
Minor neighborhood gatherings
15 spaces
Group family day-care homes
1 space per staff member, plus 1 space per 3 enrolled children
Special Permit Uses
Public utility buildings, substations, lines, poles and facilities; standpipes and water towers
1 space for each commercial vehicle kept on the lot
Private membership clubs
Meeting or banquet rooms: 10 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA; offices: 3; bars: 13.3
Neighborhood facilities
Not applicable
Not applicable
Farm stands
10 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA
Camps
Day-care centers
1 space per staff member, plus 1 space per 3 enrolled children
Neighborhood gatherings, other than minor neighborhood gatherings
15 spaces (if the special permit use is located in a building also used as a single-family residence); or 20 spaces (if not so located)
Cemeteries
0.3 space per occupied grave site but not less than 40 spaces
Schools
1 space per 1,000 square feet of GFA, plus 1 space per vehicle used by an adult staff resident or member of his or her family
Home business, other than home occupations
See § 230-26J
Keeping of horses, cattle, goats, sheep
Increased impervious surface
GFA = Gross floor area
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
B. 
In shopping centers, separate loading spaces shall be provided for each 10,000 square feet of gross floor area or major portion thereof.
A. 
Table of Minimum Parking Dimensions.[1]
Parking Configuration
Parallel
Perpendicular
Length of stall (feet)
22.0
18.0
Aisle width (feet):
One-way flow
12.0
24.0
Two-way flow
24.0
24.0
NOTES:
The length of perpendicular parking stalls may be reduced by 1.5 feet where curb design permits vehicle overhang.
All parking stalls shall be 9.0 feet in width, except as provided in § 230-33A and C herein.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
B. 
For nonresidential uses, poured-in-place concrete curbing shall be provided to outline all parking areas and to prevent any vehicle parking within the facility from overhanging a property line or projecting over any sidewalk, other walkway or public road.
C. 
No vehicle shall be forced or encouraged by the nature of the design of the parking area to back out of the parking facility onto a public road.
D. 
Suitable walks shall be provided within the facility for the safety of pedestrians moving to or from their vehicles.
E. 
All required parking facilities shall be graded, surfaced, drained and maintained throughout the duration of their use to the extent necessary to avoid nuisances of dust, erosion, or excessive water flow across public ways or adjacent lands. The maximum gradient within parking areas shall not exceed 5%.
F. 
Suitable markings shall be provided to indicate individual parking spaces, maneuvering areas, entrances, exits, directions of traffic flow, and other similar requirements.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Original § 7.6.7, regarding design standards for parking facilities for religious or neighborhood gatherings, added 6-12-1990 by L.L. No. 3-1990, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 3-11-2003 by L.L. No. 1-2003.
A. 
Employee parking. In parking areas designated for employees, the Planning Board may permit a reduction in the width of such spaces to 8.5 feet.
B. 
Parking facilities for the handicapped. Parking spaces shall be reserved for the handicapped as required by state law and as directed by the Planning Board. The location of such spaces shall permit barrier-free access for the handicapped to proposed buildings and facilities, when required. Where required, such spaces shall be identified with a blue freestanding sign specified by state law.
C. 
Compact car parking. Compact car parking may be permitted by the Planning Board, subject to the following requirements:
(1) 
Compact car parking spaces shall be not less than 7.75 feet wide and 15 feet long.
(2) 
Compact car parking spaces shall be permitted only for long-term parking use such as for commuters or employees.
(3) 
No more than 1/3 of the total off-street parking spaces required by this chapter shall be designated for compact cars.
(4) 
Compact car parking spaces shall be appropriately signed.
For reasons of traffic and pedestrian safety, both on- and off-street, as well as to provide for possible future road widening or other improvements, all new driveways and sidewalk crossings entering onto any street shall comply with all requirements of these regulations and shall be subject to permit approval by the Village Engineer, Rockland County Highway Department, or New York State Department of Transportation for access onto Village, county, or state roads, respectively.
A. 
Driveway width. Unobstructed access to and from a street shall be provided for all parking spaces. Such access shall consist of at least one twelve-foot-wide lane for parking areas with less than 30 parking spaces and at least two ten-foot-wide lanes for parking areas with 30 parking spaces or more. No entrance or exit to any off-street parking area shall exceed grades in excess of those permitted in Subsection B below.
B. 
Driveway gradients.
(1) 
The maximum gradient for any five-foot-long segment of a new access driveway to a one-family dwelling shall be 12%.
[Amended 4-7-1987 by L.L. No. 5-1987; 12-12-1995 by L.L. No. 1-1995; 10-12-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
(2) 
The maximum gradient for any five-foot-long segment of a new access driveway serving a use other than a one-family dwelling shall be 8%.
[Amended 10-12-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
(3) 
Notwithstanding the maximum permitted gradient specified above, a driveway serving a use other than a single-family dwelling shall have a platform with a gradient not greater than 3% within 50 feet of the center line of the traveled way of the street or within 25 feet of the right-of-way line of the street, whichever distance is greater.
C. 
Driveway construction. All new driveways having direct access onto a public street shall be paved with a blacktop surface, or comparable durable surface acceptable to the Village Engineer, for a distance at least 50 feet from the existing road right-of-way. All other parts of a new driveway shall be constructed of a dustless surface.
[Added 7-8-1986 by L.L. No. 3-1986]
D. 
Deferment of full improvement of off-street-parking. Where the Planning Board determines that the immediate use of any property may not require the full initial improvement of all off-street parking and loading facilities, the Planning Board may waive the initial improvement of not more than 1/3 of the required number of spaces, provided that the total number of spaces is shown on the approved plan, and further provided that the area not to be improved is reserved for such future use. All such reserved land shall be used and maintained as additional landscaped area until the reserved spaces may be required to be improved. Reserved spaces shall be improved within six months of the date of a written notice from the Planning Board that such spaces have been determined to be necessary. Appropriate written guarantees to the above shall be provided by the owner and approved by the Village Attorney.
[Added 3-12-1991 by L.L. No. 1-1991]
In shopping centers, all deliveries to stores shall be made from the rear of the stores only. All loading spaces in shopping centers therefore shall be located in the rear of the stores.