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City of Fenton, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 3890, 1-24-2019[1]]
These regulations shall be known and may be cited as the “Zoning Code of the City of Fenton, Missouri.”
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Chapter 400, General Provisions, containing Sections 400.010 through 400.030, was repealed 1-24-2019 by Ord. No. 3890.
[Ord. No. 3890, 1-24-2019]
A. 
This Zoning Code is enacted pursuant to authority conferred under State law for the purpose of regulating and controlling the zoning and use of land, buildings, and structures within the City to promote public safety, health and general welfare of its citizens. This Title is specifically designed to:
1. 
Reflect and effectuate the principles and policies articulated in the Comprehensive Plan;
2. 
Enhance and protect the character and stability of residential, commercial, industrial, recreational, and open space areas within the City;
3. 
Foster the safe, efficient and economic use of the land, the City’s transportation infrastructure, and other public facilities and services;
4. 
Enhance and preserve the value of land, buildings, and structures throughout the City;
5. 
Divide the City into zoning Districts and establish, by reference, a map showing the boundaries of such Districts;
6. 
Fix reasonable standards to which land, buildings, structures, and their uses must conform;
7. 
Prohibit uses, buildings, or structures which are incompatible with the character or development of uses, buildings, or structures permitted within specified zoning Districts;
8. 
Provide for the continuation of non-conforming uses as required by law;
9. 
Designate and define the powers and duties of the officials administering and enforcing this Chapter; and
10. 
Provide penalties for the violation of this Chapter.
B. 
This document will help guide the City to:
1. 
Provide infrastructure more economically;
2. 
Bring complimentary uses together;
3. 
Provide the efficient delivery of needed public services such as police and fire control;
4. 
Control and reduce traffic congestion around business and commercial areas;
5. 
Provide efficient access to transportation facilities; and, most importantly,
6. 
Provide for open park spaces.
[Ord. No. 3890, 1-24-2019]
A. 
When discussing the intended meaning of the terminology used in this Zoning Code, the following rules shall be observed:
Words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. Terms not defined in this Code shall have their standard English dictionary meanings.
Words denoting the masculine gender shall be deemed to include the feminine gender.
Words used in the present tense shall include the future tense.
Words used in the singular number shall include the multiple tense.
The term “shall” is always mandatory; the term “may” is permissive.
The term “this municipality” shall mean the City of Fenton, Missouri.
The words “lot,” “parcel,” “tract” and “site” shall be synonymous.
The words “building” and “structure” shall be synonymous.
The words “extend,” “enlarge” and “expand” shall be synonymous.
The words “abutting,” “adjacent” and “contiguous” shall be synonymous.
All distances shall be measured to the nearest integral foot (ft) or (inches).
References to Sections shall be deemed to include all Subsections within that Section; but a reference to a particular Subsection designates only that Subsection.
A general term that follows or is followed by enumerations of specific terms shall not be limited to the enumerated class unless expressly limited.
B. 
Definitions. As used in this Title, the following terms shall have these prescribed meanings:
ABUTS/ABUTTING
Having a common lot line or district line.
ACCESS WAY
A curb cut, ramp, driveway or other means for providing specific vehicular access to an off-street parking or loading area. This definition does not include bikeway or walkway.
ACCESSORY BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES
Any building or structure, the use of which is incidental to, subordinate in size or purpose, and customarily in conjunction with the principal structure or use permitted or permitted by Special Use in the Zoning District in which it is located and is located on the same lot as the principal structure or use.
Except as otherwise provided for within this Title IV, any accessory building or structure attached to the Principal Building shall be considered as part of the principal building and shall comply with the minimum Setback requirements of the Zoning District in which the Principal Building is located.
ACCESSORY USE
A subordinate use of a building or land which is incidental to the principal use permitted or permitted by Special Use in the Zoning District in which it is located, customarily associated with the principal use, and located on the same lot as the principal building, structure or use.
Except as otherwise provided within this Title IV, any building or structure housing an accessory use is considered an integral part of the principal building when it has any part of a wall in common with the main building or is under an extension of the main roof and designed as an integral part of the principal structure.
ADMINISTER
The direct application of medical Marijuana to a Qualifying Patient, to the extent allowed by and pursuant to the terms of Article XIV, Section 1 of the Missouri Constitution, by way of any of the following methods:
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
1. 
Ingestion of capsules, teas, oils, and other Marijuana-Infused Products;
2. 
Vaporization or smoking of dried flowers, buds, plant material, extracts, or oils;
3. 
Application of ointments or balms;
4. 
Transdermal patches and suppositories;
5. 
Consuming Marijuana-Infused food Products;
6. 
Any other method recommended by a Qualifying Patient’s Physician as authorized by Article XIV, Section 1 of the Missouri Constitution.
AIRPORT
An area for the landing or taking off of aircraft, containing two (2) or more runways of a least two thousand (2,000) feet in length, possessing facilities for the storage, servicing or repairing of aircraft, and open to public use, but not to all types of aircraft.
AISLE
A vehicular traffic way within an offstreet parking area. Also, is used as a means of ingress/egress from parking spaces.
ALLEY
A public thoroughfare which affords only a secondary means of access to abutting property.
ALTER
To change the size, shape or use of a structure.
ANIMAL HOSPITAL
An establishment designed to provide medical care to animals and which may have the capability of providing on-site overnight care and boarding but does not include outdoor kennels or runs.
APPLICANT
Any person, corporation or other legal entity with the written consent of the owner seeking approval under these regulations.
ART DEALER
An establishment engaged in the sale of works of art.
ARTISAN, CRAFTSMAN AND PHOTOGRAPH STUDIO
The workshop or studio of an artist, craftsperson, sculptor, or photographer, which workshop is primarily used for on-site production of unique custom goods through the use of hand tools or small-scale equipment, and only incidentally used, on an infrequent basis if at all, as an accessory gallery or for incidental sales.
ASPHALT
A bituminous material (oil-based); usually refers to concrete made with sand, gravel and a bituminous binder.
ATTACHED
As applied to buildings, “attached” means having a common wall and/or a common roof.
AUTOMATED TELLER MACHINE (ATM FACILITY)
A mechanized consumer banking device operated by a Financial Institution for the convenience of its customers, whether outside or in an access-controlled facility. ATM Facilities located outside of a building and not on the premise of a Financial Institution shall be considered a Principal Use.
AUTOMOBILE
Any automobile not defined as a Commercial Motor Vehicle.
[Ord. No. 3945, 6-27-2019]
AUTOMOTIVE SALES AND/OR SERVICES
An establishment primarily engaged in automotive related sales or services. Terms associated with Automotive Sales and/or Services shall be defined as follows:
[Ord. No. 3945, 6-27-2019]
AUTOMOTIVE COLLISION SHOP – An establishment primarily engaged in the major repair of Automobiles and other non-Commercial Motor Vehicles, including the straightening of body parts, painting, welding, installation or repair of equipment or parts on motorized vehicles such as mufflers, brakes, tires, radios, transmissions, glass, and engines or engine parts and short-term outdoor storage of Automobiles and other non-Commercial Motor Vehicles until such repairs are performed, but excluding dismantling or salvage.
AUTOMOTIVE CONVENIENCE STORE – An establishment primarily engaged in gasoline, diesel fuel, and oil sales at retail (with no Automobile repair facilities) and the retail sale of a limited line of goods that generally includes tobacco products, milk, bread, soda, snacks, and similar household convenience goods for customers. Such establishment may include an accessory automatic carwash.
AUTOMOTIVE CUSTOMIZING SHOP – An establishment that primarily provides indoor after-sales services for Automobiles (including the attendant retail sales of accessories for such Automobiles), such as installation, conversion, and modifications to the interior or exterior of Automobiles, and may include indoor automotive detailing or dent removal.
AUTOMOTIVE SALES, NEW – An establishment primarily engaged in the sale and/or lease of new Automobiles, including incidental outdoor display, parking, and indoor servicing of vehicles available for sale or lease. Such a use also may include the sales of used Automobiles as a subordinate use.
AUTOMOTIVE SALES, USED – An establishment primarily engaged in the sale of used Automobiles, including incidental outdoor display, parking, and indoor servicing of such vehicles available for sale.
AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE STORE – An establishment primarily engaged in the sale and replacement or servicing of spark plugs, oil, water hoses, brake fluids, batteries, distributors, tires, brakes, fuel pumps, or other automotive parts or accessories for Automobiles. An Automotive Service Store may perform minor repairs of Automobiles and may have short-term outdoor storage of such vehicles until such repairs are performed, but excluding dismantling or salvage.
AUTOMOTIVE WASHING FACILITY An establishment engaged in washing and cleaning of Automobiles and related light equipment. Typical uses include self-service service and full-service car washes.
BACKFILL
Soil deposited in excessive part of an excavation after completion of construction in the excavation.
BANQUET FACILITY
An establishment available for lease by private parties to accommodate functions, including, but not limited to, banquets, weddings, anniversaries, and similar celebrations or events, including accessory facilities thereto. Banquet Facilities may serve alcohol and have Outdoor Dining as an accessory use.
BASEMENT
A floored and walled substructure of a building at least fifty percent (50%) below the average finished grade of the building. A basement shall not be included in computing the number of stories for the purpose of height regulations unless it is subdivided, rented, sold or leased for dwelling purposes.
BED AND BREAKFAST INN
An establishment operated in a private residence or portion thereof, consisting of between one (1) and twelve (12) guest rooms, which provides temporary accommodations to overnight guests for a fee and which is occupied by the operator of such establishment.
BLOCK
A tract of land bounded by streets or a combination of street, railroad or other rights-of-way, parks or other similar uses.
BOARD
The City of Fenton Board of Aldermen, unless specifically noted as the City of Fenton Board of Adjustment.
BOUNDARY ADJUSTMENT
The adjustment to lot lines of platted lots or other lawful parcels for the purpose of adjusting the sizes of building sites. The adjustment can be accomplished by plat or deed and must be reviewed by the Community Development Department prior to recording with the Recorder of Deeds of St. Louis County. No new lots shall be created by a boundary adjustment or shall the lots be reduced below the minimum size and dimensions as required by the Zoning Code.
BUFFER AREA
An area of land undeveloped (except for landscaping, fences and/or open space) used to protect a use situated on one (1) lot from the deleterious effects of a use on an adjacent lot.
BUILDING
Any covered structure permanently affixed to land and designed or used to shelter persons, chattels or property.
BUILDING BASE
The bottom of a building, including its foundation.
BUILDING CODE
Set of regulations affecting building design and construction.
BUILDING FOOTPRINT
The outline of a horizontal section of the structure, usually at the ground plane.
BUILDING HEIGHT
The vertical distance measured from the average grade at the front wall of a building to the highest point of the coping of a flat roof or to the deck line of mansard roof. Also means the height level between eaves and ridge for gable, hip or gambrel roofs. Chimneys, towers, cooling towers and similar projections shall not be included in calculating building heights.
BUILDING LINE
The line nearest the front of and across a lot, delineating the required yard from the lot line.
BUILDING/SITE RELATIONS
The interactive relationships between a building and the site it occupies.
BULK
Any one (1) or any combination of the following structural or site design characteristics:
1. 
Size or height of structure;
2. 
Location of exterior walls at all levels in relation to lot lines, streets or other structures;
3. 
Lot area; and
4. 
Yards or setbacks.
CARPORT
A roofed structure providing space for the parking or storage of motor vehicles and enclosed on not more than three (3) sides.
CASH-FOR-GOLD OPERATION
An establishment that engages in the retail purchase and resale of precious metals.
CEMETERY
Lands used for the internment of the dead, including mausoleums, graves, columbarium, related sales and maintenance facilities, and a mortuary or funeral chapel.
CHANNEL
A natural or manmade device, creek or waterway for conveying flowing surface water.
CHILD CARE
The care and supervision of another’s child for less than twenty-four (24) hours a day.
CHURCH
A church, synagogue, temple, mosque, or other facility that has a Principal Use of religious worship of any denomination.
CITY
The City of Fenton.
CITY OFFICIALS
Mayor, Board of Aldermen and/or personnel authorized by them.
CLUB AND CIVIC LODGE
An organization of persons for special purposes or for the promulgation of sports, arts, literature, politics, or other common goals, interests, or activities, characterized by membership qualifications, dues, or regular meetings, excluding clubs operated for profit and/or Churches.
COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE
Any motor vehicle or trailer which is designed, maintained, or used primarily for the transportation of property or which is used primarily for the transportation of passengers for hire, including, but not limited to, tow trucks, dump trucks, box trucks, refuse or garbage trucks, buses, semi-trailers, or truck-tractors or any motor vehicle or trailer having a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) in excess of fourteen thousand (14,000) pounds.
[Ord. No. 3945, 6-27-2019]
COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE DEALER
An establishment engaged in the business of buying, selling, exchanging or offering to negotiate, negotiating, or advertising the sale of a Commercial Motor Vehicles, including the outdoor display of vehicles, distribution of parts, and indoor service.
COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE REPAIR
An establishment primarily engaged in the indoor repair or customization of Commercial Motor Vehicles, including the straightening of body parts, painting, welding, installation, or repair of equipment or parts on motorized vehicles such as mufflers, brakes, tires, radios, transmissions, glass, and engines or engine parts and short-term outdoor storage of Commercial Motor Vehicles until such repairs are performed, but excluding dismantling or salvage.
[Ord. No. 3945, 6-27-2019]
COMMERCIAL USE
A use that is connected with or furthers an ongoing profit-making activity.
COMMISSION
The Planning and Zoning Commission of the City of Fenton.
COMMUNITY CENTER
A facility owned by a public or not-for-profit entity, that is designed for indoor and outdoor group activities, including meeting or recreational rooms, pools, ballfields, and playgrounds.
COMPACTION
Action that tends to lower the void ration and increase the density of a soil mass; generally, refers to compacting it into a lesser volume.
COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT PLAN
The Master City Plan or Master Comprehensive Plan adopted by the Commission which addresses future needs and the specific future uses of land within the City of Fenton.
[Ord. No. 3948, 6-27-2019]
CONFORMING USE
Uses which are in compliance with the applicable provisions of this Code.
CONSERVATION PLAN
A plan that illustrates the procedure for preserving trees and/or other natural areas within a site development plan.
CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT DEALER
An establishment primarily engaged in the sale and/or rental of construction equipment, power systems, and parts, and the outdoor display and indoor service of such equipment; which may include a truck and trailer rental facility affiliated with and subordinate to the Construction Equipment Dealer on the same property.
CONSTRUCTION PLAN
Plan of a building or site showing the position, form, dimensions and other required data for proposed construction.
CONTOURS
Lines on a site plan which represent points of the same elevation as referenced to a ground surface.
CONVENTION CENTER
A facility used for business or professional conferences and seminars, often associated with a Hotel.
CULTIVATION
As related to activity authorized pursuant to Article XIV, Section 1 of the Missouri Constitution and all rules and regulations issued by the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, the process by which a person, business or legal Entity promotes the germination and growth of a seed to a mature Marijuana plant.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
CULTIVATION IDENTIFICATION CARD
An additional, separate, or enhanced Identification Card issued by the State of Missouri allowing the holder to cultivate medical Marijuana in amounts and in secure manners as authorized by the Department, only to the extent authorized by applicable law.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
DAY CARE FACILITY
A building operated by an establishment who holds itself out as providing child care for more than four (4) children during the daytime, for compensation or otherwise, except those operated by a school system or in connection with an establishment which provides child care as a convenience for its customers or its employees, but a day care facility shall not include any private or religious organization academic preschool or kindergarten, a home school, a weekly Sunday or Sabbath school, a vacation Bible school or child care made available while the parents or guardians are attending worship services, or other meetings and activities conducted or sponsored by a religious organization. A Day Care Facility shall not be located in a dwelling.
DECK
A flat floored platform not set into but raised above the ground or finished grade at least twelve (12) inches, serving as a floor, which is usually, but not necessarily, made of treated and untreated woods and polyvinyl boards and attached to a wall.
DEDICATION
The allocation of land within development for non-development purposes related to the community’s residents or those of the development. This type of dedication will usually include, but is not limited to, bike trails, parks, lakes or common ground.
DENSITY
The amount of something per unit area measure. Habitation units per square feet of area.
DEPARTMENT
The Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, or its successor agency.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
DETACHED
As applied to buildings, “detached” means surrounded by yards on the same lot as the primary structure.
DETENTION POND
A drainage facility consisting of a customarily dry basin designed to accept and hold storm water and release it gradually at no greater rate than the pre-development flow rate (or other approved release rate) to prevent flooding of adjacent land and reduce stream erosion. (Also see RETENTION POND.)
DEVELOPER
Commonly known as the person or company responsible for the change in development of the land.
DEVELOPMENT
To erect any structure or to install any improvements on a tract of land or to undertake any activity such as grading or site preparation for the purpose of occupancy.
DIMENSIONS
Refers to both lot depth and lot width measured to the nearest foot or inch.
DIRECTOR
The Community Development Director or other official, as appointed by the Mayor of Fenton with the approval and consent of the Board of Aldermen to administer this Code, or their delegated representative.
[Ord. No. 3948, 6-27-2019]
DISTILLERY
An establishment that produces alcoholic beverages on-site and generally includes an accessory tasting room. A tasting room allows customers to taste samples of products manufactured on-site and purchase related sales items.
DISTRICT (ZONING)
A portion of the land within the City limits of the City of Fenton wherein certain uniform requirements or various combinations thereof apply to structures, lots and land uses under the terms of this Code.
DITCH
An open channel conveying surface water flow with side slopes of 6:1 or steeper (not to exceed 3:1).
DRIVE-THROUGH SERVICE
An accessory use where patrons are served through a window or other device while remaining in their motor vehicles.
DRIVEWAY
A minor way commonly providing vehicular access to a garage or off-street parking area.
DWELLING
Any building or portion thereof used exclusively for human habitations, except hotels, nursing homes, or house trailers. The following words or terms associated with dwelling shall have the following meanings:
APARTMENT – A room or suite of rooms in a building intended or designed for use as a single dwelling unit, provided with separate cooking and sanitary facilities.
CONDOMINIUM – A dwelling unit in a multi-family building in which a person has both separate ownership of a unit and a common interest, along with the Condominium’s other owners, in the common areas.
LOFT – A dwelling located above the first floor of a non-residential use such as a store or office.
DWELLING, MULTIPLE-FAMILY – A building or portion thereof designed exclusively for three (3) or more families.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY – A detached building containing one (1) dwelling unit, provided, however, notwithstanding any other provisions of this Code to the contrary, for the purposes of this Chapter a Group Home and Foster Home shall be included in the definition of a single-family home.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED – Two (2) single-family dwellings sharing common wall areas, each dwelling having its own lot.
DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY – A building designed for or occupied exclusively by two (2) families living independently of each other and being on a single lot.
DWELLING UNIT
One (1) room or more rooms and a single kitchen and at least one (1) bathroom, designed, occupied or intended for occupancy as a separate quarters for the exclusive use of a single housekeeping unit for living, cooking and sanitary purposes, located in a Single-Family, Two-Family or Multi-Family Dwelling or mixed-use Building.
EASEMENT
A right to use another person’s real property for certain limited purposes. Such examples include road or utility maintenance/improvement granted by property owner to City, County, State for the purpose of maintenance, improvements or widening.
EDUCATIONAL FACILITY
A facility that provides for the education and/or training of individuals or groups. Terms associated with an Educational Facility shall be defined as follows:
ACADEMIC SCHOOL – Any private or publicly-owned and operated institution providing academic instruction for students from pre-school up to and including 12th grade.
COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES – Any private or publicly-owned and operated institution of higher education, not including vocational and technical schools.
VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL SCHOOL – A facility that focuses on skills training for particular jobs or career fields, rather than on academics in the liberal arts. Programs at these schools typically last one (1) to two (2) years full-time, although students may attend part-time, and students may obtain diplomas, certificates, or associate degrees, depending on the length of the program.
TUTORING AND TEST PREPARATION CENTER – A private facility that focuses on teaching academic skills.
ELEVATION
The external face of the principal building or structure on a lot.
ELEVATION LINE, FRONT
A line that follows the contours of the elevation of the principal building facing the front lot line and that extends out from the corners of that elevation on a line generally parallel to the front lot line to the lot lines intersecting the applicable front lot line.
ELEVATION LINE, REAR
A line that follows the contours of the elevation of the principal building facing the rear lot line and that extends out from the corners of that elevation on a line generally parallel to the front lot line to the lot lines that intersect (or form a vertex at) the rear lot line.
ELEVATION, FRONT
The elevation of a building that is architecturally designed and constructed as the front facade of a building as determined by the Director.
ELEVATION, REAR
The elevation of a building that is most closely opposite of the front elevation.
EMERGENCY SERVICE FACILITY
A facility for public organizations/entities that provide public safety services by addressing different emergencies, including Police, Fire, and Ambulance.
ENGINEER
The duly designated engineer for the City.
ENLARGE
To increase the size such as floor area or height of an existing principal structure or accessory use. Also, can include devoting more land to an existing use.
ENTERTAINMENT FACILITY OR THEATER
A building or part of a building devoted to showing motion pictures or dramatic, musical or live performances. For the purposes of this Chapter, Adult Theater, Adult Arcade, and Adult Cabaret as defined in Section 456.010, shall not be included in the definition of Entertainment Facility or Theater. Entertainment Facilities or Theaters may serve alcoholic beverages with at least fifty percent (50%) of the gross income derived from the sale of prepared meals or food consumed on the premises.
ENTITY
A natural person, corporation, professional corporation, non-profit corporation, cooperative corporation, unincorporated association, business trust, limited liability company, general or limited partnership, limited liability partnership, joint venture, or any other legal Entity.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
EQUIPMENT
The tools, stock or apparatus related to a business and kept on-site. Equipment shall not be offered for sale or used for promotion or placed in long-term storage. For the purpose of this definition, long-term shall mean ninety (90) days or more.
EROSION
Progressive loss of a soil mass usually due to or by flowing water.
ESTABLISHMENT
An Institution or place of business.
F.E.M.A.
Federal Emergency Management Agency. An office of the Federal Government that deals with flood impact management.
FABRICATION
A method, operation, or series of actions intended to some new and useful end or result by changing a material’s chemical or physical characteristics.
FAMILY
One (1) or more persons who are related by blood, marriage or adoption (including foster care), living together and occupying a single dwelling unit, or a group of not more than three (3) persons living together on a non-profit, cost-share basis.
FARMERS MARKET
An establishment where local farmers sell fruits and vegetables and often meat, cheese, and bakery products directly to customers. A Farmers Market may be indoors and/or outdoors and typically consisting of booths, tables, or stands for the sale of products.
FARMING
The use of a lot for the production, keeping, or maintenance, for sale or personal use, of plants and animals, including, but not limited to: forages and sod crops; grains and seed crops; dairy animals and dairy products; poultry and poultry products; livestock, including beef cattle, sheep, swine, horses, ponies, mules, or goats, or any mutations or hybrids thereof, including the breeding and grazing of any or all of such animals; bees and apiary products; trees and forest products; fruits of all kinds; vegetables; nursery; floral, ornamental and greenhouse products; and structures necessary for processing, treating, maintaining, or storing of same; but excluding feed lots, stockyards, food canning plants, and animal slaughterhouses and buildings use for the sale of products on-site.
FENCING
A structure functioning as a boundary or barrier made of post, wire or rails. Fencing materials may include wood, plastic or other synthetic materials, woven fabric, chain-link or masonry elements.
FENCING, BLIND
Fencing which is used to block or shield the visibility of outdoor storage of equipment or materials including storage containers from the street and property immediately adjacent to the subject site.
FENCING, CHAIN-LINK
A series of interlinked (open mesh) metal links of thick (or heavy) gauge wire supported by metal posts used to confine, restrain or secure.
FILL
Buildup of the site surface above the original grade. Soil deposit produced by other than natural effects.
FINAL PLAT
A complete and exact plan of subdivision prepared for official recording as required by law.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTION
A State or Federally chartered bank, savings association, credit union, or industrial land company located in a building which provides for the custody, loan, exchange, or issue of money, extension of credit, or facilitating the transmission of funds, which may include accessory drive-through service on the same premises but does not include Pawnshops and Small Loan Businesses.
FITNESS INSTRUCTION STUDIO
An establishment offering instruction, including, but not limited to: dance, ballet, yoga, martial arts, personal training, and gymnastics.
FLOOD ELEVATION
The water surfaces elevation of the most severe flood that on the basis of Corps of Engineer’s data may be expected to occur once every one hundred (100) years. (Also known as the “100-year” flood.)
FLOOD HAZARD BOUNDARY MAP (FHBM) AND FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP (FIRM)
An official map of the City of Fenton on which the Flood Insurance Study has delineated the flood hazard boundaries and the zoning establishing insurance rates applicable to the City within these boundaries.
FLOOD INSURANCE STUDY
An official report provided by the Federal Insurance Administration containing flood profiles, as well as the Flood Boundary-Floodway Map and the water surface elevation of the base flood.
FLOOR AREA, GROSS
The sum of the gross horizontal areas of the floors of a building measured from the exterior walls or from the center of the common walls of attached buildings. Gross floor area includes basement floors; attic floor space; halls, closets, stairwells; space devoted to mechanical equipment and enclosed porches.
FLOOR AREA, PRIMARY
The total horizontal area of the first floor of the building as measures from the exterior walls.
FLOWERING PLANT
A Marijuana plant from the time it exhibits the first signs of sexual maturity through harvest.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
FOSTER HOME
A private residence licensed by the Division of Family Services or Department of Mental Health to provide foster care to one (1) or more but less than seven (7) children who are unrelated to either foster parent by blood, marriage or adoption.
FREEWAY
A roadway solely devoted to vehicular traffic, with no parallel walks, crossed by totally grade-separated intersections at wide intervals and having no frontage access.
FRONTAGE
The lineal extent of the front or street side of a lot.
FUNERAL HOME
A building used for the preparation of the deceased for burial or cremation, for the display of the deceased and/or for ceremonies or service related thereto, including cremation and the storage of caskets, funeral urns, funeral vehicles and other funeral supplies.
GARAGE (PRIVATE)
An enclosed space for the storage of one (1) or more motor vehicles, provided that no business, occupation or service is conducted for profit therein or that space therein for more than one (1) car is leased to a non-resident of the premises.
GARAGE (PUBLIC)
Any garage that is not classified as a private garage and is used for inside storage, repair, rental, servicing or supplying of gasoline or oil to motor vehicles. However, a “public garage” shall not be used for the storage of dismantled motor vehicles.
GARAGE (STORAGE)
Any building or premises, except those used as a private garage, used for equipping, repairing, hiring, selling or storing motor-driven vehicles.
GENERAL SERVICE CONTRACTOR
A person whose principal business involves specialized residential or non-residential construction, repair, improvement or service of real property. A General Service Contractor may display and store products for sale indoors.
GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATIVE BUILDING
A building in which government affairs, predominantly administrative, professional, clerical, or other services, are performed and which is designed to serve patrons at the site. Typical uses include, Police sub-stations, United States post offices, and City Hall.
GRADE
Elevation of the ground surface at some location which is often qualified as the original grade and/or the finished grade. This definition also includes slope of the ground surface (angle from the horizontal) at some location, commonly called gradient.
GROCERY STORE, CONVENIENCE
An establishment that:
1. 
Offers a diverse variety of unrelated, non-complementary food and non-food commodities, such as beverages, dairy, dry goods, fresh produce, and other perishable items, frozen foods, household products, and paper goods;
2. 
May provide beer, wine, and/or liquor sales for consumption off the premises;
3. 
May prepare minor amounts of food on site for immediate consumption;
4. 
Markets the majority of its merchandise at retail prices;
5. 
May not have an accessory Restaurant Use; and
6. 
May not exceed five thousand (5,000) square feet.
GROCERY STORE, GENERAL
An establishment that:
1. 
Offers a diverse variety of unrelated, non-complementary food and non-food commodities, such as beverages, dairy, dry goods, fresh produce, and other perishable items, frozen foods, household products, and paper goods;
2. 
May provide beer, wine, and/or liquor sales for consumption off the premises;
3. 
May prepare minor amounts of food on site for immediate consumption;
4. 
Markets the majority of its merchandise at retail prices; and
5. 
May have an accessory Restaurant and/or florist use.
GROUND COVER
Anything besides soil used to produce a site surface; usually refers to surface-spreading plants, such as grass or ivy.
GROUP HOME
A single-family dwelling in which eight (8) or fewer unrelated mentally or physically handicapped persons reside and may include two (2) additional persons acting as house parents or guardians who need not be related to each other or to any of the mentally or physically handicapped person.
HARDSHIP
A condition caused by peculiar characteristics of a tract of land which prevents strict compliance with these regulations; does not include personal or economic disadvantages or self-created conditions.
HEALING ARTS ESTABLISHMENT
An establishment providing health treatments or therapy generally not performed by a medical doctor or physician such as physical therapy, massage, acupuncture, aromatherapy, audiology, and homeopathy.
HEALTH CLUB
An establishment that is open to members and guests and that provides facilities for at least two (2) of the following: aerobic exercises, running and jogging, exercise equipment, fitness classes, game courts, and swimming facilities and that also includes amenities such as saunas, showers, and lockers.
HEARING, PUBLIC
A meeting announced and advertised in advance that is open to the public and at which the public is given an opportunity to speak and participate.
HOME OCCUPATION
An activity conducted in a dwelling unit or an accessory building or structure of a dwelling unit as an economic enterprise or for financial gain by members of the household residing therein that is clearly incidental and secondary to the use of the dwelling unit for residential purposes.
HOTEL
An establishment that:
[Ord. No. 3946, 6-27-2019]
1. 
Offers temporary lodging in rooms, for thirty (30) consecutive days or less in a calendar year, and charges guests on a per night basis;
2. 
May include restaurants, meeting, multi-function, or banquet rooms, and other accessory uses and services, including, without limitation, newsstands, gift shops, and similar incidental uses conducted entirely within the principal building;
3. 
May include one (1) manager’s quarter for the on-duty manager adjacent to the lobby area; which may include a kitchen or cooking facility but may not exceed the area of a typical guestroom within the hotel or be utilized as a temporary or permanent residence; and
4. 
Does not provide a kitchen or cooking facilities within the rooms.
HOTEL, EXTENDED STAY
An establishment that:
[Ord. No. 3946, 6-27-2019]
1. 
Offers temporary lodging in rooms which are advertised, designed, intended or routinely utilized for weekly or monthly occupancy; and typically charges guests on a weekly or monthly basis;
2. 
May include restaurants, meeting, multi-function, or banquet rooms, and other accessory uses and services, including, without limitation, newsstands, gift shops, and similar incidental uses conducted entirely within the principal building;
3. 
May include one (1) manager’s quarter for the on-duty manager adjacent to the lobby area; which may include a kitchen or cooking facility but may not exceed the area of a typical guestroom within the hotel or be utilized as a temporary or permanent residence; and
4. 
Provides kitchen or cooking facilities for the preparation of food by guests in at least thirty percent (30%) of the rooms or units.
IMPROVEMENTS
Grading, sanitary and storm sewer, water mains, pavements, curbs and gutters, sidewalks, road signs, lights, trees and other appropriate actions required to render land suitable for the use proposed.
INDUSTRIAL OR BUSINESS PARK
A tract of land which is planned as a whole for use by businesses with large lot sizes for planned expansion of each business. These businesses will normally own or control individual lots within the development tract. They will by virtue of such unified planning and development receive greater amenities and/or lower individual development costs. A “park” may contain one (1) type of use or a variety of uses within its zoning class.
INDUSTRIAL, HEAVY
A use engaged in the basic processing, fabrication, and manufacturing of materials or products predominantly from extracted or raw materials, or storage and/or use of heavy machinery and/or construction vehicles/equipment. Heavy Industrial may not include: facilities producing explosives or flammable gases or liquids, facilities for animal slaughtering, tanning, meatpacking or rendering, sulphur plants, rubber reclamation plants or cement plants, steel or any other metal mills, foundry or smelters, and those general uses which may be obnoxious or offensive by reason of emission of odor, dust, smoke or noise.
INDUSTRIAL, LIGHT
A use engaged in the manufacture, predominantly from previously prepared materials, of finished products or parts, including processing, fabrication, assembly, treatment, packaging, incidental storage, sales, and distribution of such products, but excluding basic industrial processing.
INSTITUTION
An organization established for a religious, educational, professional, or social purpose.
INTERSECTION
The point at which two (2) or more public rights-of-way meet.
LANDSCAPING
Changing, rearranging or adding to the original vegetation or scenery of a piece of land to produce an aesthetic effect appropriate for the use to which the land is put.
LIQUOR STORE
An establishment engaged in the retail sale of packaged alcoholic beverages, such as ale, beer, wine, and liquor for consumption off the premises, with sampling permitted on site with an approved license.
LOADING SPACE
An off-street space used for the temporary parking of a commercial vehicle while loading or unloading merchandise or materials.
LOT
A platted parcel of land intended to be separately owned, developed and otherwise used as a unit. The word lot shall include the word “plot,” “tract” or “parcel.” The derivations of a lot shall maintain the following definitions.
LOT AREA – The area of a horizontal plane bounded by the front, side and rear lines of a lot.
LOT, CORNER – A lot, or portion thereof, situated at the intersection of two (2) or more streets, having an angle of intersection of not more than one hundred thirty-five degrees (135°).
LOT DEPTH – The average distances between the front and rear lot lines.
LOT, FLAG – A residential lot with two (2) discernible portions described as follows:
1.
Access Portion. That portion of the lot having frontage on or abutting a public road, with the frontage being sufficient in width for a private drive to serve the building site portion.
2.
Building Site Portion. That portion of the lot not fronting on or abutting a public road but connected to a public road by the access portion of the lot.
LOT, INTERIOR – Any lot other than a through or corner lot.
LOT, THROUGH – A lot other than a corner lot which has a street on two (2) opposite sides of the lot (Also known as a “double-frontage” lot).
LOT WIDTH – The horizontal distance between the lot lines perpendicular to the front lot line, measured along the building line.
400b Lot Types.tif
LOT LINE
A line dividing one (1) lot from another, or from a public or private street right-of-way or any other public right-of-way (also see PROPERTY LINE). The derivations or modifications of a lot line shall maintain the following definitions:
LOT LINE, FRONT – The line separating the lot from the public right-of-way, private street, and/or access easement which it fronts.
LOT LINE, REAR – The line or lines that are most closely parallel to the front lot line. On a corner lot in Residential Districts, one (1) side lot line may be established in lieu of a rear lot line; provided that, in no case may the rear lot line that is mostly parallel with the rear elevation of the principal building be established as a side lot line in lieu of the rear lot line. On through lots in the Residential District, one (1) rear lot line may be established in lieu of a front lot line; provided that the rear lot line established in lieu of a front lot line is the line most parallel with the rear elevation of the principal building.
LOT LINE, SIDE – Any lot line that intersects with the front lot line and is not a front lot line or rear lot line. On an interior lot that is triangular in shape, the vertex of the side lot lines is considered to be a rear lot line parallel with the rear elevation of the principal building.
400a Lot Lines.tif
LOT OF RECORD
A lot shown upon a plan of a subdivision or upon a plat which is attached to or to which reference is made on a deed recorded in the Office of the Recorder of Deeds of St. Louis County.
LOT-BY-LOT DEVELOPMENT
The conventional approach to development in which each lot is treated as a separate development unit conforming to all land-use, density and bulk requirements of the zoning district.
M.S.D.
The Metropolitan St. Louis Sewer District.
MAJOR ARTERIAL OR HIGHWAY
Major activity streets which connect population concentrations and provide rapid vehicular travel between cities and development areas.
MARIJUANA-INFUSED PRODUCTS
Products that are infused with Marijuana or an extract thereof and are intended for use or consumption other than by smoking, including, but not limited to, edible products, ointments, tinctures, and concentrates.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
MARIJUANA OR MARIHUANA
Cannabis indica, Cannabis sativa, and Cannabis ruderalis, hybrids of such species, and any other strains commonly understood within the scientific community to constitute Marijuana, as well as resin extracted from the plant and Marijuana-Infused Products. “Marijuana” or “Marihuana” do not include industrial hemp containing a crop-wide average tetrahydrocannabinol concentration that does not exceed three-tenths of one percent (3/10 of 1%) on a dry weight basis, or commodities or products manufactured from industrial hemp.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
MAXIMUM
Qualification as the most extensive or the most that will be allowed.
MEDICAL FACILITY
A facility that provides medical and allied health services to an individual by physicians and other health care professionals licensed by a State-sanctioned Board overseeing the provision of medically oriented outpatient services. Medical facilities include, laboratories, diagnostic centers, and outpatient treatment facilities such as urgent care clinics.
MEDICAL MARIJUANA BUSINESS
A Medical Marijuana business shall be defined as any of the following hereinafter defined entities:
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
1. 
Medical Marijuana Cultivation Facility.
2. 
Medical Marijuana Dispensary Facility.
3. 
Medical Marijuana-Infused Products Manufacturing Facility.
4. 
Medical Marijuana Testing Facility.
5. 
Medical Marijuana Transportation Facility.
6. 
Any other Entity currently or hereafter included in and regulated by Article XIV, Section 1 of the Missouri Constitution and the rules and regulations promulgated by the Department of Health and Senior Services for the State of Missouri.
MEDICAL MARIJUANA CULTIVATION FACILITY
A facility licensed by the State of Missouri to acquire, cultivate, process, store, transport and sell Marijuana to a Medical Marijuana Dispensary Facility, Medical Marijuana Testing Facility, Medical Marijuana-Infused Products Manufacturing Facility.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
MEDICAL MARIJUANA DISPENSARY FACILITY
A facility licensed by the State of Missouri to acquire, store, sell, transport, and deliver Marijuana, Marijuana-Infused Products, and drug paraphernalia used to Administer Marijuana as provided by the State of Missouri solely pursuant to the terms of Article XIV, Section 1 of the Missouri Constitution to a Qualifying Patient, a Primary Caregiver, another Medical Marijuana Dispensary Facility, a Medical Marijuana Testing Facility, or a Medical Marijuana-Infused Products Manufacturing Facility.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
MEDICAL MARIJUANA TESTING FACILITY
A facility certified by the State of Missouri to acquire, test, certify, and transport Marijuana.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
MEDICAL MARIJUANA TRANSPORTATION FACILITY
A facility certified by the State of Missouri to store and transport Marijuana.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
MEDICAL MARIJUANA-INFUSED PRODUCTS MANUFACTURING FACILITY
A facility licensed by the State of Missouri to acquire, store, manufacture, transport, and sell Marijuana-Infused Products to a Medical Marijuana Dispensary Facility, a Medical Marijuana Testing Facility, or to another Medical Marijuana-Infused Products Manufacturing Facility.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
MEDICAL OFFICE
A building with one (1) or more physicians, dentists, chiropractors, optometrists, or other health practitioners providing medical services in a specific area of health care, organized as a single business entity, and lawfully established for medical consultation to persons on an outpatient basis. This term, includes, but is not limited to, mental health care, addiction counseling, chiropractic, and optical services; and physical therapy offices, clinics, and facilities.
MEDICAL USE
The production, possession, delivery, distribution, transportation, or administration of Marijuana or a Marijuana-Infused Product, or drug paraphernalia used to Administer Marijuana or a Marijuana-Infused Product as provided by Article XIV, Section 1 of the Missouri Constitution, for the benefit of a Qualifying Patient to mitigate the symptoms or effects of the patient’s qualifying medical condition as defined in Missouri State law.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
MINIMAL
Qualification as the least favorable or the least that can be expected for a given situation.
MIXED USE
The Development of a Lot, tract or parcel of land, Building or Structure with two (2) or more different Uses, including, but not limited to, residential, office, retail, public uses, personal service or entertainment uses (but not including accessory uses), designed, planned and constructed as a unit.
MODULAR UNIT
Factory fabricated transportable building unit designed to be used by itself or to be incorporated with similar units at a building site into a modular structure to be used for commercial, educational or industrial purposes.
MOTEL
See HOTEL.
MUSEUM
An establishment devoted to the acquisition, conservation, study, exhibition, and educational interpretation of objects having scientific, historical, or artistic value.
NON-CONFORMING USE OR STRUCTURE
A building, structure or use of land existing at the time of enactment of this Code and which does not conform to the regulations of the district or zone in which it is situated.
NURSERY
An establishment where flowers, shrubbery, vegetables, trees, and other horticultural and floricultural products are grown, propagated, and may be sold on-site.
NURSING HOME
Any premises, other than a hospital or residential substance abuse treatment center, which provides twenty-four (24) hour personal and health care, accommodation and board to individuals under the daily supervision of a licensed nurse and the supervision of a licensed physician, including “Residential Care Facilities I and II,” and “Intermediate Care Facility” or a “Skilled Nursing Facility” as defined by Chapter 198, RSMo.
OFFICE, GENERAL
A building with one (1) or more establishments providing executive, management, administrative or professional services, but not Medical Offices or Medical Facilities, or the sale of merchandise, except as accessory to a permitted Principal Use. Typical uses include real estate, insurance, property management, investment, employment, travel, advertising, law, architecture, design, engineering, accounting, and similar offices.
OPTIMAL
Qualification as the most favorable or the most that can be expected for a given situation.
OUTDOOR DINING
An accessory use of a restaurant, tavern, or other establishment engaged in the sale of food and/or beverages with tables located on the sidewalk, patio, or other open paved area in front of or adjoining the related establishment.
OUTDOOR STORAGE AREA
An unroofed, unenclosed, paved area outside of a business used to store equipment and materials or items other than properly licensed vehicles or equipment capable of traveling on the public roadways. The equipment and materials stored outdoors must be a necessary and integral function in the operation of the business on the premises, including equipment and materials stored temporarily for an off-site job site.
OUTDOOR STORAGE BIN
A covered or uncovered receptacle that is typically enclosed on three (3) sides and used for temporary or long-term storage of materials. Such storage devices are not customarily used to transport goods, equipment, or material.
OUTDOOR STORAGE CONTAINERS
Containers customarily used in the transport of goods, equipment and material used to store those goods, equipment and material on the lot of a business or company. These storage devices may be used for either temporary or long-term storage.
PARKING
The temporary storage of properly licensed vehicles or equipment capable of traveling on the public roadways.
PARKING AREA (INCLUDES LOT OR OFF-STREET PARKING)
Land that is improved in accordance with this Code and used primarily for the storage of passenger motor vehicles. An “off-street parking area,” depending on the circumstances of its use, may be either a principal use or an accessory use.
PARKING STALL
Area assigned to a single vehicle for parking.
PARKING STRUCTURE
Any building containing motor vehicle parking that is a Principal Use, with or without any additional Uses.
PATIO
A level unenclosed surfaced area, not exceeding twelve (12) inches in height, located at the finished grade that is usually directly adjacent to a building.
PAVEMENT
Structural surfacing of the ground for walks, drives, parking lots and roads.
PAWNSHOP
An establishment engaged in the buying and selling of new and secondhand merchandise and offering loans secured by personal property.
PERSONAL AND BUSINESS SERVICE SHOP
Shops primarily engaged in providing services generally involving the care of the person or such person’s apparel or rendering services to business establishments such as laundry or dry-cleaning tailoring, beauty or barber shops, employment service, mailing or copy and printing shops, shipping stores, and sign shops.
PET GROOMING FACILITY
An establishment primarily engaged in the cleaning, bathing, brushing, and cutting of hair of household pets. Pet grooming facilities do not include outdoor kennels, medical care, or overnight care.
PET SUPPLY STORE
An establishment primary engaged in the sale of pet supplies, which may include the accessory indoor sale or adoption of pets, pet grooming, and/or veterinarian clinic or hospital, but does include outdoor kennels or runs.
PHARMACY
An establishment where prescription drugs are compounded, dispensed, or sold by a pharmacist and where prescription drug orders are received or processed in accordance with the pharmacy laws as defined by Chapter 338 of the Missouri Revised Statutes. A Pharmacy may engage in general light retail sales and may include accessory drive-through service on the premises.
PHYSICIAN
An individual who is licensed and in good standing to practice medicine or osteopathy under Missouri law.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
PHYSICIAN CERTIFICATION
A document, whether handwritten, electronic or in another commonly used format, signed by a Physician and stating that, in the Physician’s professional opinion, the patient suffers from a qualifying medical condition as defined in Missouri State law.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
PLANTINGS
A set of growing plants used to develop the landscaping for a site.
PLAT
A map, plan or layout of a City, township, section or subdivision indicating the location and boundaries of individual properties.
PLAT (FINAL)
A map of land subdivision prepared in form suitable for filing of record with necessary affidavits, dedications and acceptances and with complete bearings and dimensions of all lines defining lots, blocks, streets, alleys, public areas and other dimensions of land.
PLAT (PRELIMINARY)
A map of a proposed land subdivision showing the character and proposed layout of the tract in sufficient detail to indicate the suitability of the proposed subdivision of land. This proposed land subdivision must be submitted in accordance with all requirements of this Code.
PLOT
A parcel of land consisting of one (1) or more lots or portions thereof which is described by reference to a recorded plat.
PORCH
A platform, that may be enclosed and/or covered by a roof, projecting from the wall of a building with direct access to or from a building.
PRINCIPAL BUILDING OR STRUCTURE
The main building or structure erected on or the principal use occupying a lot, as distinguished from an accessory structure or use.
PRINCIPAL USE
The primary or predominate use of land, building or structure.
PRIMARY CAREGIVER
An individual twenty-one (21) years of age or older who has significant responsibility for managing the well-being of a Qualifying Patient and who is designated as such under the rules and regulations of the Department and possesses a Department issued Primary Caregiver or Primary Caregiver Cultivation Identification Card.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
PRIVATE RESTRICTIONS
Private restriction or trust indenture is a recordable document which is used for the purpose of maintaining commonly owned property and/or facilities.
PROPERTY
A piece of real estate made up of one (1) or more than one (1) contiguous lots under a unity of ownership and use.
PROPERTY LINE
A legally recorded boundary of a lot.
PUBLIC PARK
Any public area created, established, designated, maintained, provided, or set aside by the City for the purpose of public rest, play, recreation, enjoyment, assembly, and all buildings, facilities, and structures located thereon or therein.
PUBLIC UTILITY FACILITIES
An electrical substation including but not limited to transmission substations, distribution substations, collector substations, converter substations, and switching stations. Towers, poles, and traffic signal controllers shall not be considered Public Utility Facilities. See TELECOMMUNICATIONS FACILITY defined in Section 491.030.
QUALIFYING PATIENT
A Missouri resident diagnosed with at least one (1) qualifying medical condition as defined in Missouri State law and possessing a Department issued Qualifying Patient or Qualifying Patient Cultivation Identification Card.
[Ord. No. 3917, 4-25-2019]
RAILROAD SWITCHING YARD
An area consisting of railroad track used for the storage, sorting, and loading and unloading of railcars and locomotives.
RECONTOURING
Manipulation of the existing contours on a site plan as part of the design for re-grading the site surface.
RECREATION FACILITY
A facility established primarily for amusement or recreational activities, which may serve alcohol. Terms associated with Recreational Facility shall be defined as follows:
RECREATIONAL FACILITY, INDOOR LIMITED — An indoor facility established primarily for amusement or recreational activities, such as pinball/video arcades, miniature golf, batting cages, and roller skating rinks. This definition is intended to restrict the type of recreational use allowed to those small-scale facilities that would be compatible with typical buildings and uses in the District in which this use is allowed.
RECREATIONAL FACILITY, INDOOR UNLIMITED – An establishment primarily engaged in operations and activities contained within large-scale gymnasium-type facilities such as for tennis, basketball, swimming, indoor soccer, indoor hockey, or bowling.
RECREATION FACILITY, OUTDOOR LIMITED – An outdoor recreation facility established primarily for amusement or recreational activities, such as miniature golf, bumper boating, batting cages, and go-carts.
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE SALES
An establishment primarily engaged in the sales, rental, leasing, and/or consignment of recreational vehicles, including the incidental outdoor display, parking, and indoor service thereof. Recreational vehicles shall include but are not be limited to motorcycles, boats, scooters, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), personal watercraft, towable recreational vehicles, and motorhomes.
RESEARCH CENTER
A facility or building dedicated to research, generally with the focus on a specific area, not including laboratory testing of animals.
RESTAURANT
An establishment where prepared food and beverages are sold for consumption within the building or away from the premises.
RESUBDIVISION
Any change in the plat or description of an approved or recorded subdivision, including a subdivision predating the adoption of regulations controlling the division of land, if such change affects any lot line, road layout or area reserved for public use.
RETAIL STORE
An establishment that operates as fixed point-of-sale locations, which are designed to attract a high volume of walk-in customers and stores have extensive displays of new merchandise. Retail does not include Restaurants, Used Merchandise Stores, Pawnshops, Cash-For-Gold Operations, Warehouse Showroom Sales, Pharmacies, Grocery Stores, any of the uses set forth under Automotive Sales or Services, or any other such Use as defined in this Section 400.030. Terms associated with Retail Stores shall be defined as follows:
RETAIL STORE, LARGE – A retail establishment over fifty thousand (50,000) square feet.
RETAIL STORE, MEDIUM – A retail establishment containing more than five thousand (5,000) square feet, but less than fifty thousand (50,000) square-feet.
RETAIL STORE, SMALL – A retail establishment of five thousand (5,000) square feet or less.
RETENTION POND
A drainage facility consisting of a wet pond or lake designated to accept additional stormwater and release it gradually at no greater rate than the pre-development flow rate (or other approved release rate) to prevent flooding of adjacent land and reduce stream erosion. (Also see DETENTION POND.)
RIGHT-OF-WAY (PUBLIC)
A public way established or dedicated by duly recorded plat, deed, grant, governmental authority or by operation of the law.
RUNOFF
Water flowing as a result of precipitation over a surface.
SCREENING
Trees, shrubs, walls, solid fences or berms used as a means of visual and/or noise control. Must be opaque in nature. A fence with an opaque value of seventy percent (70%) or greater.
SELF-STORAGE FACILITY
A building or group of buildings with controlled access that contains individual, compartmentalized, and controlled access stalls or lockers for the storage of customers’ property, merchandise, goods, or wares, which may include a truck and trailer rental facility affiliated with and subordinated to the Self-Storage Facility on the same property.
SERVICE CENTER, CUSTOMER
A facility accepting consumer calls or visits for dispatch of personnel to provide services of same, including utilities or communication systems.
SERVICE CENTER, REPAIR
An establishment providing repair or replacement parts for motorized equipment, or appliances.
SETBACK
The minimum horizontal distance between a lot line and the nearest allowable portion of a building or structure.
400c Setbacks.tif
SIGN
See Chapter 485.
SITE
An area of land with defined property boundaries.
SITE DESIGN
The proposed development plans for a site which shall incorporate all pertinent information relating to the development of the site.
SITE DEVELOPMENT
The work of constructing a site in compliance with design plans.
SITE PLAN
A plan to scale that shows uses and structures proposed for a parcel of land as required by the City Code and regulations involved. It includes, but is not limited to, lot lines, streets, building sites, reserved open space, buildings, major landscape features, both natural and manmade, and depending on requirements, the locations of proposed utility lines.
SITE PLAN REVIEW
The process whereby the City reviews the site plans and maps of a developer to assure that they meet the stated purposes and standards of the district. This shall include:
1. 
Providing for the necessary infrastructure and public facilities such as roads and schools; and
2. 
Protect and preserve topographical features and adjacent properties through appropriate siting of structures and landscaping.
3. 
Artist rendering of proposed development. (Not required for residential)
SLOPE ANGLE LIMIT
Extent of the angle from the horizontal of the sloping face of a soil mass.
SMALL LOAN BUSINESS
Establishments which:
1. 
Engage in the business of providing money to customers on a temporary basis, wherein such loans are secured by post-dated check, paycheck, or car title, or
2. 
Are registered as lenders under State or Federal law. The classification does not include Financial Institutions. Further, the classification does not include establishments selling consumer goods, including consumables, where the cashing of checks or money orders is incidental to the main purpose of the business. The classification, does include, but is not limited to, check cashing stores, payday loan stores and car title loan stores.
C. 
ST. LOUIS COUNTY D.R., R.D. The St. Louis County Department of Revenue, Recorder of Deeds.
STABLE, PRIVATE
A detached building accessory to a residential use for the keeping of horses owned by the occupants of the premises and which shall not be used for any commercial purpose including the boarding, hire, or training of horses.
STORAGE
A use or building function which protects products, materials, or equipment from damage, theft or visibility.
STORAGE STRUCTURE
An accessory building or structure used for storage.
STREET
A public or private way for motor vehicle travel. The term street includes a highway, thoroughfare, parkway, throughway, road, pike, avenue, boulevard, lane, place, drive, court and similar designations, but excludes an alley or a way for pedestrian use only.
STREET (ARTERIAL) – A multi-lane facility designed for movement of a relatively large volume of traffic. Arterials provide connections between local and collector streets and the freeways.
STREET (COLLECTOR) – A street located within a neighborhood or other integrated use area which collects from and distributes traffic to local streets and connects arterial streets.
STREET (CUL-DE-SAC) – A street or a portion of a street with only one (1) vehicular traffic outlet. The closed end having an adequate turnaround.
STREET (FRONTAGE OR SERVICE STREET) – A street generally parallel to and adjacent to arterial streets and highways which provides access to abutting properties and protection from through traffic.
STREET (LOCAL/MINOR) – A street associated with low intensity uses which represent small segments of an actual development area in a portion of a neighborhood of activity.
STREET (PRIVATE) – A street not accepted by dedication or otherwise by the Board of Aldermen.
STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS
Any change in the supporting members of a building, such as bearing walls or partitions, columns, beams or girders or any substantial change in the roof or in the exterior walls.
STRUCTURE
Anything constructed, assembled or erected on the ground or attached to something having a fixed location on the ground.
STRUCTURE PARKING
Parking developed with a structure that may be inside a building or in a separate structure developed primarily for parking.
SUBDIVIDER
A person, firm, corporation, partnership or association who shall lay out any subdivision or part thereof as defined herein, either for himself or others.
SUBDIVISION
Any land which is divided or proposed to be divided into two (2) or more lots, tracts, parcels, sites. Any other division of land for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of sale, lease, conveyance or development.
SUBDIVISION (MAJOR) – Any subdivision not classified as a minor subdivision.
SUBDIVISION (MINOR) – Any residential subdivision containing not more than four (4) lots fronting on an existing road and meet the requirements of this Section.
SUBDIVISION PLAN
A plan that illustrates the subdivision of parcels into lots.
SURFACE PARKING
Parking developed on a site surface; usually with some form of pavement.
SWALE
Open drainage channel with side slopes not steeper than 3:1. The width of the bottom of the swale shall equal or exceed the depth. A swale shall not be constructed in areas with continuous drainage.
TAVERN
An establishment primarily engaged in the preparation and retail sale of alcoholic beverages with a City and State approved liquor license for consumption on the premises. Typical uses include sports bars, cocktail lounges, nightclubs, and similar uses at which less than fifty percent (50%) of the total revenue is generated by food sales.
TOPOGRAPHY
The relief features or surface configuration of the ground within an area.
TOURIST INFORMATION CENTER
An establishment providing visitors with information on the area’s attractions, hotels, maps, and other items relevant to tourism, not including motorist rest stops.
TRAFFIC PATH
The portion of a site surface dedicated to the achievement of some travel, typically either as a footpath for pedestrians or a driveway for vehicles.
TRUCK GARDEN
Produce/vegetable growing operation of which the product is sold on premises.
TRUCK TERMINAL
A facility where freight is unloaded from interstate trucks, intermodal trailers, and shipping containers before being loaded onto local delivery trucks.
USE
The purpose or activity for which land or a structure thereon is designed, arranged, intended, occupied and/or maintained.
USE, PERMITTED
The purpose or activity which is allowed for use or development within a zoning district.
USE, PERMITTED BY SPECIAL PERMIT
A use of property subject to special controls and conditions in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter and subject to the restrictions applicable to that Zoning District.
USED MERCHANDISE STORE
An establishment primarily engaged in the retail sale of used or donated goods including clothing, furniture, or appliances, but not including used cars or other motorized vehicles.
VARIANCE
A granted deviance from the strict code application due to presented and defensible undue hardships not brought on by the applicant and shall relate to the lot size, topography, signage, setbacks or other building size requirements of this Code that are applicable to a particular lot or structure.
VISIBLE SITE
The viewed site consisting of the site surface and the objects on it.
1. 
A vertical building face perpendicular to the horizontal view between the base foundation and top of the wall at the roof line.
2. 
An independent masonry or wood structure defining an enclosed structure or accommodating a change in site grade.
WAREHOUSE
An establishment primarily engaged in the storage of merchandise or commodities for distribution, which may or may not include assembly of stored merchandise or commodities but does not include Self-Storage Facilities.
WAREHOUSE SHOWROOM SALES
An establishment primarily engaged in retail or wholesale sales and installation of residential and commercial building materials. Warehouse Showroom Sales may display, store, and perform light assembly of merchandise indoors.
WATERSHED
The area which contributes stormwater runoff to a point as defined by its topographic ridges prior to and/or after development.
WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENT
An establishment primarily engaged in selling merchandise to persons other than members of the general public.
YARD
The open area or space that is unobstructed, except as specifically permitted in this Code, and that is located on the same lot as the principal building. The derivations of yard shall maintain the following definitions.
YARD, FRONT – The front yard shall be that portion of a lot adjacent to any street and bounded by the front lot line (or lines), the lot lines intersecting the front lot line(s), and the Front Elevation Line.
YARD, REAR – The rear yard shall be that portion of a lot adjacent to the Rear Lot Line (or lines) and bounded by the Rear Lot Line, the lot lines intersecting the Rear Lot Line(s), and the Rear Elevation Line. In cases where the Rear Elevation Line is overlapped by the Front Elevation Line (such as Corner Lots or lots with buildings not parallel with the Front Lot Line), the Rear Yard shall be bounded by the Rear Lot Line, the lot lines intersecting the Rear Lot Line(s), and the Front Elevation Line.
YARD, SIDE – The side yard shall be that portion of a lot between the principal building and the adjacent lot line that is not considered a front yard or back yard.
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YARD, REQUIRED – The yard or portion of the yard located between the lot line and the required setback established by the zoning district in which the lot is located.
ZONE DISTRICT MAP
The map or any amendments thereto designating zoning districts and incorporated into this Code by reference.
ZONING ORDINANCE
A legally enforceable description of limitations affecting usage of some portion of a political jurisdiction.