City of Creve Coeur, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 405.790 Applicability.

[R.O. 2008 §26-90; Ord. No. 1903 §1, 11-24-1997]
A. 
Purpose And Intent.
1. 
The purpose of this Section is to ensure that an adequate, safe and convenient arrangement of pedestrian circulation facilities, roadways, driveways, off-street parking and loading spaces are provided on every site requiring site development plan approval. Such roads, pedestrian walks and off-street parking and loading facilities shall be designed as an integral part of an overall site design and shall be properly related to existing and proposed buildings and appropriate landscaping. Parking facilities shall be landscaped and screened to the extent necessary to eliminate unsightliness and monotony of large concentrations of parked cars. Parking facilities shall be designed with careful regard to orderly arrangement, topography, landscaping, ease of access and shall be developed as an integral part of an overall site design. Any above ground loading facility shall be screened from public view to the extent necessary to eliminate unsightliness.
2. 
It is not the intent of this Section to allow an increase in the size of an existing building due to the adoption of the revised schedule of parking included herein when the application of this revised schedule would reduce the amount of required parking to such an extent that a larger building would be allowed. Any increase in the size of buildings after the effective date of this Chapter must be in conformance with revised floor area ratio provisions and all other zoning ordinance requirements.
3. 
Off-street parking spaces shall be required for all uses in all zoning districts. Off-street loading facilities shall be provided as required by Section 405.850. Within this Article, references to parking facilities include parking lots and parking garages.
B. 
Procedure. Every site development plan application for the construction or improvement of a parking and/or loading facility shall include therewith, as specified further in Section 405.540, a concept landscape plan, drawn to scale, showing any off-street parking or loading facilities and related site improvements and landscaping.
C. 
Decreased Parking Demand. When a building, structure or site undergoes a decrease in the number of dwelling units, floor area, seating capacity or other unit of measurement specified hereinafter as a means for determining required off-street parking and loading facilities or when the application of the standards herein would result in a requirement for fewer total off-street parking and/or loading spaces than are provided on the subject site, the available off-street parking and/or loading facilities may be so reduced accordingly; provided that existing off-street parking and loading remaining would equal or exceed the off-street parking and loading requirements resulting from application of the provisions of these standards to the entire building, structure or site as modified.
D. 
Increased Parking Demand. Notwithstanding the requirements of Section 405.610(E) when any building, structure or site undergoes a change of use or any increase in the number of dwelling units, floor area, seating capacity or other unit of measurement specified hereinafter as a means for determining required off-street parking or loading facilities and when such a change or increase would, through application of the provisions of these standards thereto, result in a requirement for greater total off-street parking and/or loading spaces, such off-street parking and/or loading facilities shall be increased to equal or exceed the off-street parking and loading requirements resulting from application of the provisions of these standards to the entire building, structure or site as modified in use or capacity.

Section 405.800 General Provisions.

[R.O. 2008 §26-91; Ord. No. 1903 §1, 11-24-1997; Ord. No. 1926 §1, 3-12-1998]
A. 
Prohibition Of Large Commercial Vehicles On Residential Parking Facilities. Facilities accessory to a residential use which are developed in any residential district in accordance with the requirements of this Article shall be used solely for the parking of passenger automobiles or commercial vehicles of not more than five (5) tons gross weight owned by occupants of the dwelling structures to which such facilities are accessory or by guests or tenants of such occupants or owners.
B. 
Prohibition Of Repair, Service Or Sales Use Of Parking Facilities. No required off-street parking or loading facilities shall be utilized for motor vehicle repair work, service, display or sales of any kind, except as expressly permitted elsewhere in this Chapter.
C. 
Prohibition Of Use Of Required Parking As Commercial Or Public Lot. No area designated as a required parking area in connection with any designated building, structure, site or use shall be operated as a commercial or public parking facility providing parking spaces for the general public.
D. 
Entries And Exits. All entrances and exits to parking and loading areas from a public right-of-way shall be subject to specific approval by the Planning and Zoning Commission by site development plan approval in accordance with Section 405.1080 in order to ensure the smooth and safe circulation of vehicles to and from the public street system. The number of entrances and exits shall be limited to one (1) entrance and one (1) exit or one (1) combined entrance and exit per three hundred (300) linear feet of street frontage unless additional entrances and/or exits are deemed necessary by the Planning and Zoning Commission. Except for single-family residential dwellings and duplexes, all parking access shall be designed to prevent the need to back directly onto a public road or right-of-way.
E. 
Location Of Parking Or Loading Space. All required off-street parking or loading spaces shall be provided on the same parcel of land occupied by the use or building to which it is appurtenant; provided however, that where there are, in the judgment of the Planning and Zoning Commission, practical difficulties in satisfying the requirement for parking space and/or if the public safety or convenience would be better served by another location, the Planning and Zoning Commission may authorize an alternative location for any portion of the required parking for a non-residential use which will adequately serve the public interest, subject to the following conditions:
1. 
Required accessory off-street parking facilities may be provided elsewhere than on the lot on which the principal use served is located and shall not exceed twenty percent (20%) of the total parking required, provided that the property occupied as parking is in the same possession, either by deed, by easement or by long-term lease which has a term equal to or exceeding the projected life of the facility occupied by the principal use and, further provided, that the owner shall be bound by covenants filed on record in the office of the County Recorder of Deeds requiring the owner and his/her or her heirs and assigns, as well as subsequent owners, heirs or assigns, to maintain the required number of off-street parking spaces during the existence of such principal use.
2. 
Accessory off-street parking shall be available within a walking distance of not more than five hundred (500) feet measured from the nearest property line of the premises to the nearest part of the accessory parking area.
3. 
Such separated parking space shall be usable without causing unreasonable traffic congestion, detriment to any residential neighborhood or hazard to pedestrians or vehicular traffic.
F. 
Zoning Of Accessory Parking Areas. All accessory off-site parking facilities, whether provided in fulfillment of or in excess of the requirements of this Article and whether located on the same or on a different lot from the principal use as provided in the preceding paragraph, shall be located on non-residentially zoned property (non-residential zoning districts do not include the "A", "B", "C", "D", "AR" or "MR" Districts).
G. 
Joint Parking Facilities. Off-street parking facilities for different buildings, structures or uses or for mixed uses may be provided and used collectively or jointly in any zoning district in which separate off-street parking facilities for each constituent use would be permitted, subject to the following provisions:
1. 
The total number of spaces so located together is not less than the sum of the separate requirements for each use except as provided by Subsections (G)(3) and (G)(4) and Section 405.820(H)(6)(b).
2. 
A legally sufficient written agreement assuring the perpetual joint usage of said common parking for the combination of uses or buildings is properly drawn and executed by the parties concerned, approved as to form and execution by the City Attorney and filed with and made part of the application for a building permit.
3. 
Up to fifty percent (50%) of the parking spaces required for a theater (unless the theater's required parking spaces are based on the provisions of Section 405.820(H)(6)(b) or other place of evening entertainment for a church or for multi-family dwelling units may be provided and used jointly by banks, offices, retail stores, repair shops, service establishments and similar uses not normally open, used or operated during evening hours if specifically approved by the Planning and Zoning Commission; and provided however, that written agreement assuring the retention for such purpose shall be properly drawn and executed by the parties concerned, approved as to form and execution by the City Attorney and shall be filed and made part of the application for a building permit. Such approval may, with fifteen (15) days prior written notice, be rescinded by the City Council and additional parking shall be obtained by the owners in the event that the City Council determines that such joint use is resulting in a public nuisance or is otherwise adversely affecting the public health, safety or welfare.
4. 
Land uses which do not meet the criteria of Subsection (G)(3) above but which can clearly demonstrate the ability to successfully provide joint parking facilities to the satisfaction of the Planning and Zoning Commission may be permitted to share up to fifty percent (50%) of their required parking spaces, provided that written agreement assuring the retention for such purpose shall be properly drawn and executed by the parties concerned, approved as to form and execution by the City Attorney and shall be filed and made part of the application for a building permit. Such approval may, with fifteen (15) days' prior written notice, be rescinded by the City Council and additional parking shall be obtained by the owners in the event that the City Council determines that such joint use is resulting in a public nuisance or is otherwise adversely affecting the public health, safety or welfare.
H. 
Variance In The Required Number Of Parking And Loading Spaces. The number of parking and loading spaces to be constructed may be less than the number of spaces required herein in the event that the following conditions are met to the satisfaction of the Planning and Zoning Commission:
1. 
Evidence is submitted firmly documenting that the special nature of the use, activity or building proposed requires less parking area or spaces than required by this Chapter for the same.
2. 
The site development plan submitted to and approved by the Planning and Zoning Commission in accordance with Section 405.810 or Section 405.1080 indicates that the location and layout of that portion of the parking requirement deemed unnecessary can and will be constructed accordingly on the surface of the site in the event that the Planning and Zoning Commission determines at any time that all or any portion of this parking is necessary.
In no event shall any portion of the required parking or loading that is so designated for future construction as provided herein be counted as open space or other non-paved area required by other provisions of this Chapter.
3. 
The owner shall initiate construction of the approved "future" parking area(s), as identified on the approved site development plan, within three (3) months of the date of the first (1st) letter sent to the owner of record from the Planning and Zoning Commission Chairperson, identifying that such parking is determined to be necessary.

Section 405.810 Design and Maintenance Standards.

[R.O. 2008 §26-92; Ord. No. 1903 §1, 11-24-1997; Ord. No. 2058 §1, 6-12-2000; Ord. No. 5243 §4, 2-13-2012]
A. 
The following design and maintenance standards shall apply to all parking facilities.
1. 
Size of parking spaces.
a. 
The following schedule of parking space and layout standards shall apply to all parking facilities provided in the City in accordance with this Article. Each parking space shall provide seven (7) feet of vertical clearance.
Parking Angle (in degrees)1
Stall Width (in feet)
Stall End to Curb (in feet)
Aisle Width2 (in feet)
Bay Width (in feet)
90
9
19
22
60
75
9
20.5
18 (one-way)
22 (two-way)
59
63
60
9
21
18 (one-way)
22 (two-way)
60
64
45
9
19.7
13 (one-way)
22 (two-way)
52.4
61.4
1 Other parking angles between forty-five and ninety degrees (45° — 90°) may be approved by the Planning and Zoning Commission provided that the resulting stall widths are nine (9) feet wide, the usable stall length is nineteen (19) feet long and the minimum two-way drive aisles are twenty-two (22) feet wide.
2 Additional width of drive aisles may be required where the aisle serves as the principal means of access to on-site buildings or structures.
Parallel parking spaces shall have minimum dimensions of eight (8) feet wide by twenty-three (23) feet long.
b. 
The Planning and Zoning Commission may approve the use of continuous concrete curbs as wheel stops and thus measure the size of parking spaces to be two (2) feet less in length than otherwise required. In such instances the parking layout should allow for the vehicle to overhang the curb by two (2) feet and such overhang area must be clear of all obstructions (signs, trees, etc.) and may not be regarded as required landscape area or pedestrian circulation space.
2. 
Parking surface and drainage. All open off-street parking areas, except those accessory to one- or two-family dwellings, shall be improved with a compacted select rock base surfaced with an all-weather, dustless material suitably designed for the intended use to a standard approved by the City Engineer. Parking and loading facilities shall be provided with adequate stormwater drainage facilities to prevent damage or inconvenience to abutting property and/or public streets and alleys. The retention of stormwater runoff shall be subject to further regulations in accordance with Chapter 425, Stormwater Control.
3. 
Pavement marking. All parking spaces shall be marked by durable painted lines at least four (4) inches wide and extending the length of the space or by curbs or other means to indicate individual spaces. Physically disabled parking spaces shall be identified through the use of light blue painted lines (see Section 405.840(B)). Signs or markers located on the surface within a parking facility shall be used as necessary to ensure efficient and safe traffic operation of the facility.
4. 
Lighting. Any off-street parking or loading area used between 6:00 P.M. and 6:00 A.M. shall contain a system of lighting to provide an adequate standard of at least one (1) foot-candle of illumination over the area of the parking area to be used. All lighting shall be arranged to deflect, shade and focus lights away from adjacent properties, shall be designed so as not to create more than one (1) foot-candle of illumination at any property boundary abutting a residential zoning district and shall comply with all provisions of Section 405.680. Any land use which utilizes an off-street parking or loading area between 6:00 P.M. and 6:00 A.M. an average of less than four (4) days per month may be exempted from this requirement by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
5. 
Screening and landscaping.
a. 
All parking and loading areas shall be landscaped and provide screening in accordance with all applicable requirements of Section 405.540, Landscaping.
b. 
All parking adjoining a residential use or public right-of-way, except for those associated with single-family and two-family residences, shall be screened from view by an earth berm, a solid wall, decorative fence, evergreen planting of equivalent visual density or other effective means. Such fence or berm and associated landscaping shall be a minimum of eighteen (18) inches in height and an average of three (3) feet in height at the time of planting. Screening shall be a minimum of six (6) feet in height between the parking lot and any other abutting residential property line. The Planning and Zoning Commission may require greater screening requirements for parking of large trucks, the screening of large equipment and utility structures and for screening overhead doors and truck loading areas and docks.
(1) 
All fencing shall be placed on the property line adjacent to the properties being screened and shall not project over the base setback line or side or rear property line. Planted fences shall be placed in back of the aforereferenced lines at places where natural growth will not extend to or be maintained at these lines.
(2) 
Variances in base setback screening height or landscaping and screening placement as determined by ingress and egress will be consistent with safe sight distance for passing traffic and be compatible with adjoining property screening and landscaping.
6. 
Signs. Parking direction and regulation signs may be provided in accordance with Section 405.950(H) showing the ownership of any parking facility and the permitted use thereof. If the lot is so operated that a charge is made for the use of the parking facilities, the rates for parking shall be legibly shown upon the parking regulation sign.
7. 
Attendant shelter. A shelter for the use of a parking facility attendant may be maintained on the lot provided the location, construction and design of same shall be first approved by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
8. 
Maintenance. Any person operating or owning a parking facility shall keep it free, as may be practical, of dust and loose particles and shall promptly remove the snow and ice from the surface of the parking facility. Such person shall also keep all adjacent sidewalks free from dirt, ice, sleet and snow and shall keep the sidewalks in a safe condition for use by pedestrians. All signs, markers or any other methods used to indicate direction of traffic movement and location of parking spaces shall be maintained in a neat and legible condition. Likewise any walls, landscaping including trees and shrubbery, as well as surfacing and curbing of the parking facility, shall be maintained in good condition throughout its use for parking purposes and the City Council shall have the authority to prohibit the use of the area for parking purposes, after fifteen (15) days' written notice, unless and until proper maintenance, repair or rehabilitation is completed including the replacement of any landscaping material which may die from time to time or the failure of the landscape irrigation or surface drainage system within the parking area.

Section 405.820 Required Off-Street Parking Spaces.

[R.O. 2008 §26-93; Ord. No. 1903 §1, 11-24-1997; Ord. No. 1958 §4, 10-12-1998; Ord. No. 2058 §2, 6-12-2000; Ord. No. 5165 §6, 12-13-2010; Ord. No. 5172 §3, 1-24-2011; Ord. No. 5297 §1, 2-11-2013; Ord. No. 5300 §21, 4-22-2013; Ord. No. 5304 §1, 5-28-2013; Ord. No. 5318 §1, 8-12-2013]
A. 
Rules For Computing Parking Spaces. In computing the number of required off-street parking spaces, the following rules shall apply:
1. 
"Floor area" shall mean the gross floor area of the entire building of the specific use, excluding any floor or portion thereof used for parking. For office developments (including general offices, banks and savings and loans and other finance-related services and medical and dental offices), the gross leasable floor area shall be interpreted as eighty-five percent (85%) of the gross floor area of the entire building.
2. 
Where fractional spaces result, the parking spaces required shall be the next greater whole number.
3. 
In the case of mixed uses, (that include office and residential), the parking spaces required shall be computed separately for each use except as provided in Sections 405.800(G)(34) and 405.820(H)(6)(b).
4. 
All required parking shall be available at all times for the use for which the parking is required except as specifically provided by this Article.
5. 
In the case of bench seating, such as pews in a place of worship, twenty-four (24) lineal inches of bench seating shall equate to one (1) seat.
6. 
For residential uses, off-street parking requirements can be met through the use of a garage and/or paved parking spaces located outside of any right-of-way.
7. 
If a specific land use is not included in the list of uses for which parking space requirements are specifically listed, then the required parking for that use shall be determined by using the required parking for the most similar use that is specifically listed.
[Ord. No. 5431 §14, 7-27-2015]
B. 
General Parking Requirements.
1. 
Shopping centers designed for restaurant, retail uses and personal service establishments in NAICS 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 448, 451, 452, 453 shall provide the combined total parking spaces for each use, less a fifteen percent (15%) reduction in the total number of parking spaces required.
2. 
Residential uses.
a. 
One- and two-unit structures shall provide two (2) parking spaces per dwelling unit.
b. 
Multi-family uses shall provide two (2) parking spaces per dwelling unit for the first (1st) fifty (50) dwelling units; one and three-quarter (1¾) spaces per dwelling unit for the second (2nd) fifty (50) dwelling units; and one and one-half (1½) spaces per dwelling unit for all units in excess of one hundred (100) units.
3. 
Churches, synagogues, temples, other places of worship, public buildings, auditoriums and other places of public assembly: one (1) space for each four (4) seats.
4. 
General offices including professional, governmental or institutional except as specifically enumerated in this Article: For buildings less than fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet, four (4) stalls per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross leasable floor area. For buildings greater than fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet, three and three-tenths (3.3) stalls per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross leasable floor area.
5. 
Business Enterprise Center (as defined herein): 0.85 parking spaces per one hundred fifty (150) square feet of office suite space.
C. 
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing And Hunting (NAICS 11).
1. 
Veterinary services. One (1) parking space per two hundred (200) square feet of floor area.
2. 
All other uses. One (1) parking space per five hundred (500) square feet of floor area and two (2) spaces per acre of land area.
D. 
Construction (NAICS 23). One (1) space per five hundred (500) square feet of floor area plus one (1) space per three thousand (3,000) square feet of outdoor storage area.
E. 
Manufacturing, Transportation, Telecommunication And Utility Uses (NAICS 22, 31-33, 48-49, 517).
1. 
Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33).
a. 
Research and development facility. One (1) parking space per four hundred (400) square feet of floor area.
b. 
All other manufacturing. One (1) parking space for every five hundred (500) square feet of floor area.
2. 
Transportation, telecommunication and utility uses (NAICS 22, 48-49, 517). One (1) parking space for every four hundred (400) square feet of floor area.
F. 
Wholesale And Retail Trade (NAICS 42, 44-45, 49 722).
1. 
Automotive Dealers (NAICS 4411-4413) (not including automobile repair):
a. 
Automobile or boat dealers (NAICS 4411-4412). One (1) space per two hundred fifty (250) square feet of showroom floor area plus three (3) parking spaces per service bay plus one (1) space per one thousand two hundred fifty (1,250) square feet of total aggregate building area. Parking spaces typically occupied by new or used automobiles for sale shall not be counted towards the required off-street parking requirements. Such parking spaces occupied by automobiles for sale do not have to meet the minimum parking space requirements specified in this Chapter.
b. 
Automotive parts, accessories, and tire stores (NAICS 4413). Four (4) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross floor area.
c. 
Gasoline stations (NAICS 447). Four (4) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross floor area plus three (3) spaces for every service bay.
d. 
All other automotive uses. Four (4) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross floor area.
2. 
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers (NAICS 444). Four (4) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross floor area plus one (1) space per one thousand (1,000) square feet of outdoor display area.
3. 
Furniture and home furnishings stores (including carpeting and major appliances) (NAICS 442). Four (4) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross floor area.
4. 
General retail establishments (general merchandise, food, apparel and accessories and miscellaneous retail stores) (NAICS 443, 445, 446, 448, 451, 452, and 453). Four (4) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area.
5. 
Food services and drinking places (NAICS 722).
a. 
One (1) parking space per every three (3) seats of maximum occupancy recorded under the conditional use permit plus one (1) parking space per every two hundred fifty (250) square feet of total building floor area plus one (1) parking space per each eight (8) seats in an outdoor seating area.
b. 
Small restaurant facilities which offer only carry-out/delivery service and/or a seating capacity of sixteen (16) or fewer persons shall provide parking spaces at the ratio required for basic retail uses; provided such small restaurant facilities shall not be freestanding or provide drive-through, drive-up or curb service facilities.
6. 
Wholesale trade, warehousing and storage (NAICS 42, 49) shall have their parking requirements based on the following:
Building Size
Parking Spaces
Less than 5,000 square feet
1 space per 1,000 square feet
5,000 to 15,000 square feet
1 space per 1,500 square feet
15,001 to 40,000 square feet
1 space per 2,000 square feet
Greater than 40,001 square feet
1 space per 2,500 square feet
or one (1) space per employee on the largest shift, whichever is greater.
G. 
Finance, Insurance And Real Estate (NAICS 52 and 531).
1. 
Finance and insurance (NAICS 52).
a. 
For buildings up to fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet in size, four (4) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross floor area.
b. 
For buildings greater than fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet in size, three and three-tenths (3.3) parking stalls per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross leasable floor area.
2. 
All other finance (credit agencies, securities and commodities services), insurance and real estate offices. Four (4) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross floor area.
H. 
Services.
1. 
Accommodation (NAICS 721110). One and three-tenths (1.3) spaces per rentable room plus one (1) space for each three (3) seats in the restaurant and lounge plus one (1) space per five hundred (500) square feet of conference rooms.
2. 
Personal and laundry services (NAICS 812).
a. 
dry-cleaning and laundry services (NAICS 81232).
(1) 
Dry-cleaning and laundry services (except coin-operated) (NAICS 812320). One (1) space per one hundred fifty (150) square feet of floor area for the pickup area and one (1) space per three hundred (300) square feet of floor area for clothing storage and other areas.
(2) 
All other uses. One (1) space per three hundred (300) square feet of floor area.
b. 
Hair, nail and skin care services (NAICS 81211). Four (4) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area.
c. 
Death care services (NAICS 8122). One (1) space per fifty (50) square feet of floor space devoted to parlors, individual funeral service rooms and similar areas plus one (1) space for each funeral vehicle kept on the premises plus one (1) parking space per employee.
d. 
All other personal service establishments. One (1) space per two hundred (200) square feet of floor area.
3. 
Miscellaneous business services (advertising agencies NAICS 54181, news syndicates NAICS 51911, and broadcasting (except Internet) facilities, NAICS 5151).
a. 
One (1) space per three hundred (300) square feet of floor area.
b. 
Computer systems design and related services (NAICS 5415). One (1) space per two hundred (200) square feet of floor area.
4. 
Automotive repair and maintenance (NAICS 6111). One (1) space per three hundred (300) square feet of floor area plus one (1) space per service bay.
5. 
Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance (NAICS 8112), commercial and industrial machinery and equipment (except automotive and electronic) repair and maintenance (NAICS 8113), and personal and household goods repair and maintenance (NAICS 8114). One (1) space per three hundred (300) square feet of floor area.
6. 
Motion pictures and video industries (NAICS 5121).
a. 
Single motion picture theaters. One (1) space per three (3) seats.
b. 
Multi-plex motion picture theaters (NAICS 512131). One (1) space per four (4) seats. Except, however, that such theaters may have their parking modified by the provisions of Section 405.800(G)(3) or for multi-plex theaters located with shopping centers containing over twenty-five thousand (25,000) square feet of floor area which provide at least six (6) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area or multi-plex theaters located with shopping centers over fifty thousand (50,000) square feet of floor area which provide at least five (5) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area may provide parking according to the following standards:
Gross Retail Area
Parking Standard
25,000 — 49,999
1 space per 5 seats
50,000 — 79,999
1 space per 6 seats
80,000 — 99,999
1 space per 7 seats
100,000 square feet and larger
1 space per 8 seats
c. 
Video tape and disc rental (NAICS 53223). One (1) space per two hundred (200) square feet of floor area.
d. 
All other motion picture uses. One (1) space per three hundred (300) square feet of floor area.
7. 
Amusement and recreation facilities.
a. 
Fine arts schools (NAICS 61161) and sports and recreation instruction (NAICS 61162). One (1) space per two hundred (200) square feet of floor area.
b. 
Fitness and recreational sports centers (NAICS 71394), and all other amusement and recreation industries (NAICS 713990). One (1) space per one hundred fifty (150) square feet of floor area.
c. 
Bowling centers (NAICS 71395). Five (5) spaces per lane.
d. 
Golf courses and country clubs (NAICS 71391). Four (4) spaces per hole.
e. 
Public or private commercially operated recreational complexes and associated structures. Five (5) spaces per gross acre plus one (1) space per one hundred (100) square feet of floor area for associated support buildings.
8. 
Health care and social assistance (NAICS 62).
a. 
Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621).
(1) 
Buildings under fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet. Four (4) spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross leasable floor area.
(2) 
Buildings greater than fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet. Three and three-tenths (3.3) spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross leasable floor area.
b. 
Nursing and residential care personal care facilities (NAICS 623). One (1) space per two (2) patient beds.
c. 
Hospitals (NAICS 622).
(1) 
Eighty-five one-hundredths (0.85) space per employee on duty at any one (1) shift change or sixty-five one-hundredths (0.65) space per full-time equivalent total employment, whichever is greater, and additional parking spaces shall be provided for visitors on the basis of six-tenths (0.6) space per hospital bed.
(2) 
The parking requirements for a hospital may be reduced by the Planning and Zoning Commission if a total parking analysis which reflects all uses provided is submitted by the applicant and approved by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
d. 
Other health services. Four (4) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross floor area.
9. 
Professional, scientific, and technical services (NAICS 54). One (1) space per two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.
10. 
Educational services (NAICS 61).
a. 
Elementary and secondary schools (NAICS 6111).
(1) 
High schools. One (1) space for every four (4) students based on the maximum design capacity of the school plus one (1) space for every employee.
(2) 
Junior high and elementary schools. Two (2) spaces per classroom.
b. 
Colleges, universities, business schools and technical/vocational schools (NAICS 6112, 6113, 6114, and 6115). One (1) space for every two (2) students based on the maximum design capacity of the school plus one (1) space for every employee.
c. 
Other educational services. One (1) space per three hundred (300) square feet of floor area.
11. 
Social assistance (NAICS 6244).
a. 
Child day care services (NAICS 62441). One and one-half (1.5) spaces per staff person required for the licensed capacity of the facility. In addition, day care facilities shall provide safe drop-off areas near the main entrance to the facility.
b. 
All other social service uses. One (1) space per three hundred (300) square feet of floor area.
12. 
Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions (NAICS 7121). One (1) space per three hundred (300) square feet of floor area plus one (1) space per two thousand five hundred (2,500) square feet of outdoor display area.
13. 
Grant-making and giving services, social advocacy organizations, civic and social organizations, and business, professional, labor, political and similar organizations (NAICS 8132, 8133, 8134, and 8139). One (1) space per two hundred (200) square feet of floor area.

Section 405.830 Parking Garages.

[R.O. 2008 §26-94; Ord. No. 1903 §1, 11-24-1997]
A. 
General. Required off-street parking spaces may be provided within parking garages provided that all other provisions of this Article are met.
B. 
Parking Garage Setbacks. Every part of a parking garage situated above ground level shall comply with the building setback requirements of the specific zoning district in which it is located. Those portions of a parking garage located below ground level may encroach into this setback, provided that no part of the parking garage extends into a public right-of-way or crosses any other property line.
C. 
Measurement Of Parking Spaces Within Parking Garages. Within parking garages, parking space width shall be measured from the base of structural columns rather than from the center of such columns.

Section 405.840 Accessible Parking Requirements.

[R.O. 2008 §26-95; Ord. No. 1903 §1, 11-24-1997; Ord. No. 5243 §2, 2-13-2012]
A. 
General. All applicants for site development plan approval for a new or changed development should be aware of the requirements of the Federal Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), as amended, and any rules or regulations established pursuant thereto.
B. 
Accessible Parking Spaces. Accessible parking spaces shall be a minimum of eight (8) feet in width and each space shall have access to a five (5) foot wide access aisle. In addition, at least one (1) of the accessible parking spaces must be capable of accommodating a wheelchair van which shall be provided a parking space of eight (8) feet wide plus an eight (8) foot wide discharge area. All accessible parking spaces shall be identified by light blue lines and an accessible symbol painted on the pavement and by an accessible parking space sign for each space. Notwithstanding the foregoing, effective August 28, 2011, for any re-striped or newly constructed parking lot, one (1) in every four (4) accessible spaces, and in no event less than one (1), shall be served by an access aisle a minimum of ninety-six (96) inches wide and shall be designated "lift van accessible only" with signs that meet the requirements of the Federal American Disabilities Act, as amended, and any rules or regulations established pursuant thereto.
C. 
Signs. Beginning August 28, 2011, all new signs designating accessible parking spaces shall not contain the words "Handicap Parking" or "Handicapped Parking".
D. 
Non-Conformities. Non-conforming signs or spaces in use prior to August 28, 2011 shall not be in violation of this Section during the useful life of such signs or spaces. Under no circumstances shall the useful life of a non-conforming sign or space be extended by means other than those used to maintain any other sign or space on the same property.

Section 405.850 Off-Street Loading Requirements.

[R.O. 2008 §26-96; Ord. No. 1903 §1, 11-24-1997]
A. 
Purpose And Intent.
1. 
It is the City's intent to require sufficient off-street loading areas and to ensure that such areas are located in a convenient location out of site of the general public to the extent feasible. Such off-street loading areas shall be located at the rear of building whenever practical.
2. 
Off-street loading areas shall be provided for every use identified in Section 405.850(C). Loading areas which are utilized for the location of trash collection or compaction units shall be provided for and shall be in addition to the loading space requirements provided in Section 405.850(C), Schedule of Off-Street Loading Spaces.
B. 
Dimensions Of Spaces. Loading spaces shall have minimum dimensions of twelve (12) feet width by thirty-five (35) feet length with a vertical clearance of at least fourteen (14) feet. In addition, some uses may be required to provide loading zones of at least sixty (60) feet in length to accommodate large tractor-trailers.
C. 
Schedule Of Off-Street Loading Spaces.
1. 
Offices and personal or community service establishments. One (1) loading space shall be provided for each such use including schools, medical or dental clinics, auditoriums or clubs and similar use having greater than six thousand (6,000) square feet of gross floor space.
2. 
Residential uses. Any building or project containing more than fifty (50) apartment dwelling units shall provide one (1) loading space for each two hundred (200) dwelling units or fraction thereof.
3. 
Every building consisting of over three thousand (3,000) square feet of floor area designed or adaptable for retail, warehouse, wholesale or manufacturing use shall be provided with loading spaces and zones as follows.
Building Size in Square Feet
Number of Spaces
Number of Zones
3,000 — 14,999
1
0
15,000 — 39,999
1
1
40,000 — 100,000
1
2
Each additional 100,000 square feet
1 additional space
1 additional zone
* Retail uses existing on the effective date of this Chapter may be allowed to substitute one (1) off-street loading space per required off-street loading area if they can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Planning and Zoning Commission that off-street loading areas are not necessary for their business.

Section 405.860 through Section 405.900. (Reserved)