[Ord. No. 2333 §III, 7-8-2014]
As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall mean:
- Every vehicle propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels, except scooters and similar devices.
- MOTORIZED BICYCLE
- Any two- or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor with a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower, including scooters and mopeds.
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which will enable its driver to stop the bicycle or motorized bicycle within twenty-five (25) feet from a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.
Every bicycle and motorized bicycle when in use on a street or highway during the period from one-half (½) hour after sunset to one-half (½) hour before sunrise shall be equipped with the following:
A front-facing lamp on the front or carried by the rider which shall emit a white light visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway at five hundred (500) feet;
A rear-facing red reflector, at least two (2) square inches in reflective surface area, or a rear-facing red lamp on the rear which shall be visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lower beams of vehicle headlights at six hundred (600) feet;
Reflective material and/or lights on any part of the bicyclist's pedals, crank arms, shoes or lower leg visible from the front and the rear at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at two hundred (200) feet; and
Reflective material and/or lights visible on each side of the bicycle or bicyclist and visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at three hundred (300) feet. The provisions of this Subsection shall not apply to motorized bicycles which comply with National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration regulations relating to reflectors on motorized bicycles.
[Ord. No. 2333 §IV, 7-8-2014]
Every person riding a bicycle or motorized bicycle upon a street or highway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle as provided by Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, except as to special regulations in this Chapter, and except as to those provisions of Chapter 304, RSMo., and this Title, which by their nature can have no application.
A person operating a motorized bicycle on a street or highway shall:
Have a valid driver's license issued by a state authorizing such person to operate a motor vehicle, but shall not be required to have passed an examination for the operation of a motorcycle;
Have a special permit issued by this City pursuant to this Chapter and affixed to the vehicle. These permits shall be issued annually by the City. The fee for said permit shall be five dollars ($5.00) unless changed by the City Council.
Be required to obey all the same traffic laws and signage rules as an operator of a motor vehicle.
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on a City street or highway:
Without a valid driver's license;
In excess of the posted speed limit;
In any careless or imprudent manner so as to endanger a person or property of another;
While under the influence of alcohol or any controlled substance;
Without adequate and appropriate insurance coverage. If stopped, the driver/operator will be required to show the officer proof of insurance coverage;
With a passenger or rider, unless said vehicle is designed for passengers or riders; provided, however, that in no event shall the operator allow more passengers than the number of seats or passenger allowance for the motorized bicycle;
During the period from sunset to sunrise unless the vehicle is equipped with a front-facing lamp on the front and a rear-facing red reflector, at least two (2) square inches in reflective surface area or a rear-facing red lamp, pursuant to Section 307.185, RSMo.;
On any public thoroughfare located within this City which has been designated as part of the Federal interstate highway system.
Every person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as safe, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction, except when making a left turn, when avoiding hazardous conditions, when the lane is too narrow to share with another vehicle, or when on a one-way street. Bicyclists may ride abreast when not impeding other vehicles.
Any person seventeen (17) years of age or older who violates any provision of this Chapter is guilty of an ordinance violation and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine. If any person under seventeen (17) years of age violates any provision of this Chapter, in the presence of a Peace Officer possessing the duty and power of arrest for violation of the general criminal laws of the State or for violation of ordinances of Counties or municipalities of the State, said officer may impound the bicycle or motorized bicycle involved for a period not to exceed five (5) days upon issuance of a receipt to the child riding it or to its owner.
No person shall operate a motorized bicycle within the corporate limits of this City unless it is equipped in accordance with the minimum requirements for construction and equipment of MOPEDS, Regulation VESC-17, approved July, 1977, as promulgated by the Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission.