City of Farmington, MO
St. Francois County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 1-532 §1, 5-24-2010; Ord. No. 1-535 §1, 10-18-2010]
A. 
Creation And Establishment Of A City Tree Board. There is hereby created and established a City Tree Board for Farmington, Missouri, which shall consist of the Chairman of the Park and Recreation Advisory Board, a member of City Council appointed by the Mayor, a member of the Planning and Zoning Commission appointed by the Commission, the Parks and Recreation Director, and three (3) citizen members as appointed by the Mayor.
B. 
Duties And Responsibilities. The Board shall advise the City in the care, replacement, maintenance and removal or disposition of trees and shrubs in parks, along streets and in other public areas.
1. 
It shall be the responsibility of the Tree Board to study, investigate, counsel and recommend updates to the City of Farmington Comprehensive Landscape Master Plan. The Tree Board shall consider all existing and future utility, public works and environmental factors when recommending improvement for each street, park and other public lands of the municipality.
2. 
The Tree Board shall recommend amendments or additions to the Comprehensive Landscape Master Plan at any time for consideration by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
3. 
The Tree Board, when requested by the City Council, shall investigate, make findings, report and recommend upon any special matter or questions relating to trees.
C. 
Operation. The Tree Board shall choose its own officers, make its own rules and regulations and keep journals of its proceedings according to law. A majority of the members shall be a quorum for the transaction of business.
[Ord. No. 1-532 §1, 5-24-2010]
Street Tree Species To Be Planted. The Tree Board shall maintain an extensive list of recommended trees for planting in public areas. The purpose of this listing will be to maintain diversity in the total tree population. This list shall be available to residents of the City upon request to aid in the selection of trees for private and public properties. The list of recommended trees shall be updated periodically by the Tree Board to reflect new developments or species that will affect the population of the community forest.
[Ord. No. 1-532 §1, 5-24-2010]
As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall have these prescribed meanings:
CALIPER
The diameter of a tree six (6) inches above ground.
COMMUNITY FOREST MANAGER (CFM)
Professional consultant retained by the City to advise staff on the care and maintenance of landscaping throughout the City as well as implementation of the Comprehensive Landscape Master Plan.
COMPREHENSIVE LANDSCAPE MASTER PLAN
A written document that guides the work of the Tree Board and Park Board. The plan was established in 2003 with extensive community input and provides short- and long-term landscaping recommendations throughout the City.
CONIFEROUS TREE
A tree that is typically evergreen such as pine, spruce, fir or hemlock.
DBH
The diameter of a tree at breast height which shall be measured at four (4) feet above ground.
DECIDUOUS TREE
A tree that typically loses its leaves or needles in the fall (autumn).
DEVELOPMENT
The performance of any building activity or the making of any material change to any structure or natural surface of land to include activities that change or disturb the natural surface of the land such as clearing, excavating and filling; or any change in the use or appearance of any structure or land; or the division of land into two (2) or more parcels for the creation or termination of rights of access.
LANDMARK TREES
A tree in fair or better condition which equals or exceeds these diameter sizes:
1. 
Large hardwoods (oaks, hickories, etc.) — twenty-four (24) inches DBH.
2. 
Large hardwoods (pines, spruces, etc.) — twenty (20) inches DBH.
"Fair or better condition" is defined as a tree having a normal life expectancy, a relatively sound and solid trunk with no extensive decay, no more than one (1) major and several minor dead limbs (hardwoods only) and no major insect or disease problems. A lesser sized tree can be considered a landmark tree if it is a rare or unusual species, of exceptional quality or of historical significance. Landmark trees may be designated by the City of Farmington Tree Board or the CFM.
LARGE TREES
Trees attaining a mature height of forty-five (45) feet or more and/or a mature spread of thirty (30) feet or more.
LIMIT OF DISTURBANCE
A line as shown on the site plan and tree preservation plan that identifies the limit of construction, grading or excavation activity of any kind. This line will typically delineate the tree preservation area.
MAINTAIN
To plant, mulch, water, trim as necessary and remove if dead or diseased.
MEDIUM TREES
Trees attaining a mature height of thirty (30) to forty-five (45) feet and/or a mature spread of twenty (20) feet or more.
NATURAL WATERCOURSE
A channel formed in the existing surface topography of the earth prior to man-made changes.
PARK TREES
Trees located within City-owned public parks.
PRIVATE COMMUNITY FOREST
All trees within municipal boundaries but not owned by the City.
PRIVATE TREE
A tree located on privately owned property (i.e., not owned by the City of Farmington).
PUBLIC COMMUNITY FOREST
All street and park trees and other trees owned by the City as a total resource.
SMALL TREES
Trees attaining a mature height of up to thirty (30) feet and a mature spread of approximately twenty (20) feet or less.
STREET TREES
Trees located on City-owned right-of-way along public streets.
TRACT
The total area of a parcel, site, lot or ownership of land upon which development or land disturbance is proposed irrespective of the actual limits or size of the proposed development or land disturbance activity.
TREE
A woody plant that grows mostly upright as a single stem (rarely multi-stem) that may eventually attain a height of fifteen (15) feet or more.
TREE CANOPY COVERAGE
The area in square feet of a tree's branch spread. Existing tree canopy is determined by measuring the ground surface area that is covered by the branch spread of a single tree or clump or grove of trees.
TREE TOPPING
The drastic removal or cutting back of large branches in mature trees leaving large, open wounds which subjects the tree to disease and decay. Topping causes immediate injury to the tree and ultimately results in early failure or death of the tree.
WATER BODY
An accumulation of water that is large enough to maintain ten thousand (10,000) square feet of surface area throughout the year.
WOODLAND
Any area over five thousand (5,000) square feet of tree canopy coverage having thirty percent (30%) or more of its trees two and one-half (2½) inches in diameter (DBH) or greater.
[Ord. No. 1-532 §1, 5-24-2010]
A. 
Standards. All work on public trees will be consistent with American National Standard Institute A300, Standards for Tree Care Operations.
B. 
Tree Topping. It shall be unlawful as a normal practice for any person, firm or City department to top any street tree, park tree or other tree on public or private property. "Topping, rounding off or pollarding" is defined as the systematic cutting back of limbs within the tree's crown to such a degree as to remove the normal canopy and disfigure the tree. Trees severely damaged by storms or other causes or certain trees under utility wires or other obstructions where other pruning practices are impractical may be exempted from this Section at the determination of the Tree Board.
[Ord. No. 1-532 §1, 5-24-2010]
A. 
Standards. It shall be unlawful for the owner of any lot or parcel of ground in the City to maintain or allow to stand upon such lot or parcel of ground any tree or tree limb which, due to a diseased, decayed or hazardous condition or for any other reason, endangers or is likely to injure any person or property in and upon a street or any adjacent property in the City, or is likely to cause damage to any tree of other landowners by the spread of a contagious disease.
B. 
Lot Owner's Responsibility. It shall be the duty of the owner of any lot or parcel of ground in the City to properly cause such trees or tree limbs as are described in Subsection (A) of this Section to be cut down and no tree or tree limb in the City which has been cut down or which has fallen or been broken down shall be permitted to remain in or upon any sidewalk, street or adjacent property in the City or so near thereto as to endanger any person thereon, and it shall be the duty of the owner of such lot or parcel of ground to cause the same to be promptly removed and it shall be unlawful for any such owner to fail so to do.
C. 
Nuisances. Trees or tree limbs on private land that cause obstructions, present insect or disease problem or otherwise present a danger to public health or safety are hereby declared to be a nuisance. The City may order such trees to be pruned, removed or treated. This includes, but is not limited to, trees diagnosed with Dutch elm disease or oak wilt.
[Ord. No. 1-532 §1, 5-24-2010]
A. 
It shall be unlawful for any person who owns, manages or occupies any premises within the City to allow trees, shrubs, plants or other vegetation to be planted or allowed to grow in such a manner as to materially obstruct vision in the street right-of-way or sight triangle as determined by the Public Works Director. Plantings and landscaping less than thirty (30) inches in height shall be exempt from these provisions unless declared a nuisance.
B. 
Owners shall trim all vegetation that obstructs the view or passage on any street, sidewalk or bike path. Street tree limbs shall be pruned to fourteen (14) feet or more in height above the road elevation. Dead limbs shall be removed to prevent becoming a hazard to the motoring and pedestrian public. All vegetation shall be trimmed so it shall not obstruct any street or traffic sign.