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City of Norwalk, CT
Fairfield County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Common Council of the City of Norwalk 2-10-2015. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Planning and Zoning Commissions — See Ch. 97.
Zoning — See Ch. 118.
A. 
The intent of zoning enforcement is to protect the public health, safety and welfare of the City and to provide for compliance with the zoning regulations. There are standard policies for all zoning enforcement procedures conducted by the Planning and Zoning Department and such policies are available to the public in that Department.
B. 
The purpose of this chapter is to encourage compliance with the zoning regulations of the City and to establish a means by which the City may more effectively enforce its zoning regulations by implementing fines for violations.
This chapter is adopted pursuant to C.G.S. §§ 8-12a and 7-152c, as the same may be amended. Pursuant to C.G.S. § 8-12a, the Zoning Official is hereby authorized to issue citations for any violation of the zoning regulations of the City to the extent and in the manner provided herein.
The following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
VIOLATION
Any activity, condition or event that does not conform to the zoning regulations.
ZONING OFFICIAL
Any Zoning Inspector or Deputy Zoning Inspector, or any other person designated by the City to enforce the zoning regulations.
ZONING REGULATIONS
Building Zone Regulations of the City of Norwalk as found in Chapter 118 of the Norwalk City Code.
Upon the determination by the Zoning Official that a violation exists, the Zoning Official is authorized to issue citations as follows:
A. 
Notification of violation. The Zoning Official shall provide written notice to any person who violates the zoning regulations. The notice(s) of violation shall state the violation(s), what is required to remedy the violation(s), and the date(s) by which said violation(s) shall be remedied. Upon the failure of the person(s) to remedy the violation(s) or to commence corrective action to the satisfaction of the Zoning Official within the time specified in the notice, the Zoning Official shall issue a citation as provided for in Subsection B hereof. This Subsection A shall not apply to those persons who have received a notice of violation or citation within the previous twenty-four-month period for the same violation(s). Repeat offenders shall be issued a citation without first receiving a notice of violation.
B. 
Citation issuance. The Zoning Official shall issue a citation when a violation(s) persists beyond the date by which the Zoning Official required that the violation(s) be remedied or beyond the date that corrective action be commenced or, in the event a person has received a notice of violation or citation within the previous twenty-four-month period for the same violation(s). The citation shall state:
(1) 
A description of the violation(s).
(2) 
The initial fine(s) of $150 plus such other penalties, costs and/or fees due for each violation.
(3) 
That after five days from the date of the citation, each day thereafter that the violation(s) exists shall constitute a separate violation(s) and shall be subject to an additional fine of $150 per day.
(4) 
That the uncontested payment of such fine(s), penalties, costs and/or fees shall be made within 10 days of the date of the citation.
(5) 
That such person(s) may contest his/her liability before a citation hearing officer by delivering in person or by mail a written demand for a hearing within 10 days of the date of receipt or publication of the citation.
(6) 
That if he/she does not demand such a hearing, an assessment and judgment shall be entered against him/her and that such judgment may issue without further notice.
C. 
Any notice of violation or citation issued hereunder shall be sent to the person(s) named in the citation by certified mail, return receipt requested.
D. 
Once a written demand for a hearing has been received by the Planning and Zoning Department, no additional citations shall be issued for the same violation(s), nor shall daily fines be imposed until after the conclusion of the hearing procedure as set forth in § 117-8 hereof.
A. 
The fine for each citation shall be $150 or the maximum amount allowed by C.G.S. § 8-12a, as amended, whichever is greater, and shall be payable to the City of Norwalk.
B. 
Each occurrence of a violation, and each day following the fifth day after the citation that such violation continues, shall constitute a separate violation and shall be subject to a separate fine.
C. 
The person(s) to whom a citation has been issued shall be responsible for reporting, in writing, subsequent compliance to the Zoning Official. Until such time, the fine(s) shall continue to be imposed on a daily basis.
Any person(s) receiving a citation shall be allowed a period of 10 days from the date of the citation to make an uncontested payment of the fine(s), penalties, costs and/or fees due at that time. All amounts shall be made payable to the City of Norwalk.
A. 
If the person(s) who has been issued a citation pursuant to this chapter wishes to admit liability for any alleged violation(s), the person(s) may, without requesting a hearing, pay the full amount of the fine(s), penalties, costs and/or fees admitted to the Planning and Zoning Office. Such payment shall be inadmissible in any proceeding, civil or criminal, to establish the conduct of such person(s) or other person making the payment.
B. 
Any person(s) who does not deliver or mail written demand for a hearing within 10 days of the date of the citation, shall be deemed to have admitted liability, and the Zoning Official shall certify to the hearing officer that such person(s) has failed to respond. The hearing officer shall thereupon enter and assess the fine(s), penalties, costs and/or fees provided for by this chapter and shall follow the procedures set forth in § 117-8.
A. 
If a hearing is requested, it shall be conducted in accordance with C.G.S. § 7-152(c), as may be amended from time to time.
B. 
The Mayor shall appoint one or more citation hearing officers which are electors of the City of Norwalk, other than employees of the City, persons who issue zoning citations, anyone on any City board, commission or agency, Common Council members, or anyone currently holding a politically appointed position.
No action taken pursuant to this chapter shall preclude the City from pursuing any other enforcement remedy which may be imposed by the Zoning Officer for a violation as authorized by any state statute, ordinance or zoning regulation.