After receiving a certificate attesting to the successful completion of a training course administered by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board, the Village President, Trustees, Chief of Police and police officers shall be conservators of the peace. All persons specified in this section shall have the power:
To arrest or cause to be arrested, with or without process, all persons who break the peace or are found violating any municipal ordinance or any criminal law of the state.
To commit arrested persons for examination.
If necessary, to detain arrested persons in custody overnight or Sunday in any safe place, or until they can be brought before the proper court.
To exercise all other powers as conservators of the peace that the Board may prescribe.
Whenever any person shall be arrested on view for violating any of the provisions of this Code and shall be taken before the proper officer, such officer shall note upon his docket the cause of such arrest, as stated by the officer making such arrest, and proceed to hear and determine the case in the same manner as if such person had been arrested by virtue of a warrant, or may continue the suit, upon the application of either the person accused or the Village Attorney, for lawful cause, as in other actions before the proper officers; in which case, or in case the trial of any such person shall be continued or adjourned from day to day, if the person accused shall give bond conditioned for his appearance on the day named therein, or from day to day during such trial, and to abide the order of the court, with security to be approved by such proper officer, he shall be discharged from the custody of the officer making the arrest, but otherwise he shall, in the discretion of such proper officer, be committed to the county jail or remain in the custody of the officer making the arrest.
Whenever any competent person shall make complaint, in writing, to the proper officer in the Village, and shall therein state, upon oath, that such complainant has reasonable grounds to believe and does believe that any person has violated any of the provisions of this Code, such officer may, at the request of the Village Attorney or Chief of Police, issue a warrant for the arrest of such person so accused; and upon the arrest of the person so accused, by virtue of any such warrant, the same proceedings shall be had as are provided in Subsections A and B above in cases of arrest on view.
In all cases of arrest on view for a violation of any of the provisions of this Code, in which detention in custody of the person so arrested shall be authorized by any of such provisions, and in all cases of arrest on legal process, wherein the proper officer in the Village shall order such commitment, in default of bond being given as provided in Subsection B above, or in default of payment of any fine recovered for the violation of any of the provisions of this Code, it shall be the duty of the keeper of the county jail to receive into his custody, from any officer legally empowered to make such arrests, any such person, and to keep him safely until he can be brought before the proper officer and be tried for such violation in the manner prescribed by ordinance, or until he shall be otherwise lawfully discharged.
In any case where there shall be a violation of this Code or of any Village ordinance, for which no penalty is provided, the person violating the same shall be subject to a fine of not less than $50 nor more than $750 for each offense, except as provided in Subsection B below.
In any case where this Code or any ordinance or section of an ordinance of the Village shall not provide a greater penalty for a second or subsequent conviction for a violation thereof, any person violating the same who shall previously have been convicted of a violation thereof shall be subject to a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000 for each offense, except that where the penalty provided by this Code or any such ordinance or section for a first violation thereof shall be larger than the penalty herein provided, such larger penalty shall be applicable.
No violation of this Code or of any ordinance of the Village shall be construed to be a misdemeanor, unless the Code or such ordinance specifically so provides, nor shall imprisonment be imposed as a punishment for a violation of the Code or any ordinance of the Village, except in the case of misdemeanors specifically designated, or in the event of a failure of the defendant to pay the fine imposed by the court as provided, any other provision of the general ordinances of the Village to the contrary notwithstanding.
When a fine shall be imposed for the violation of this Code or any ordinance of the Village or any section thereof, the court may also sentence the defendant to pay the cost of the action.
Upon conviction for a violation of this Code or any ordinance or section of an ordinance of the Village, the defendant shall be afforded, if deemed appropriate and necessary by the court, adequate time in which to pay any fine imposed by the court, in installments if necessary.
Any defendant who defaults in the payment of a fine or in any installment may be held in contempt and imprisoned for nonpayment. The court may issue a summons for this appearance or a warrant for his arrest.
Unless the defendant shows that his default was not due to his intentional refusal to pay, or not due to a failure on his part to make a good faith effort to pay, the court may order him imprisoned for a term not to exceed 30 days.
Payment of the fine at any time shall entitle the defendant to be released, but imprisonment under this section shall not satisfy the payment of the fine.
If it appears that the default in the payment of a fine is not intentional under Subsection D above, the court may enter an order allowing the defendant additional time for payment, reducing the amount of the fine or of each installment, or revoking the fine or the unpaid portion.
A default in the payment of a fine or any installment may be collected by any means authorized for the collection of money judgments rendered in favor of the Village.