Whenever in this chapter the following terms are used, they shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this section:
- A public way within a block generally giving access to the rear of lots or buildings, and not used for general traffic circulation.
- Every device propelled by human power, upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels, except scooters and similar devices.
- BUSINESS DISTRICT
- The territory of any city, village or incorporated town contiguous to and including a highway when within any 600 feet along such highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including but not limited to hotels, banks, or office buildings, railroad stations, and public buildings which occupy at least 300 feet of frontage on one side or 300 feet collectively on both sides of the highway.
- That portion of the roadway included within the prolongation of the sidewalk lines at street intersections.
- A. That portion of the roadway included within the connections of the lateral lines prolongation of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway, and in the absence of a sidewalk on one side of the highway, that part of the highway included within the extension of the lateral line of the existing sidewalk to the side of the highway without the sidewalk, with such extension forming a right angle to the center line of the highway.
- B. Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface placed in accordance with the provisions in the Manual adopted by the Department of Transportation as authorized in 625 ILCS 5/11-301.
- DRAG RACING
- The act of two or more individuals competing or racing on any street or highway in this state in a situation in which one of the motor vehicles is beside or to the rear of a motor vehicle operated by a competing driver and the one driver attempts to prevent the competing driver from passing or overtaking him, either by acceleration or maneuver, or against time on any street or highway in the Village.
- Every person who drives or is in actual physical control
of a vehicle or a motor vehicle.[Amended 7-5-2005 by Ord. No. 508]
- EMERGENCY VEHICLE
- Police vehicles, vehicles of the Fire Department, ambulances, vehicles carrying a state, county or Village officer or employee in response to an emergency call, and emergency vehicles of public service corporations on an emergency call.
- Any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities, or packing that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion, or by a detonator of any part of the compound or mixture may cause such a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructible effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb.
- FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS
- Any liquid which has a flash point of 70° F. or less, as determined by tagliabue or equivalent closed-cup test device.
- IMPROVED HIGHWAY
- A roadway of concrete, brick, asphalt, macadam or gravel.
- A. The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different roadways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
- B. Where a highway includes two roadways 40 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection.
- C. The junction of an alley with a street or highway does not constitute an intersection.
- LANED ROADWAY
- A street, the roadway of which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
- LOADING ZONE
- The space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or materials.
- MERGING TRAFFIC
- A maneuver executed by the drivers of vehicles on converging roadways to permit simultaneous or alternate entry into the junction thereof, wherein the driver of each vehicle involved is required to adjust his vehicular speed and lateral position so as to avoid a collision with any other vehicle.
- METAL TIRES
- Every tire the surface of which in contact with the roadway is wholly or partially of metal or other hard, nonresilient material.
- Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding an autocycle or tractor.
- MOTOR VEHICLE
- Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which
is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires
but not operated upon rails, except for vehicles moved solely by human
power, motorized wheelchairs, low-speed electric bicycles, and low-speed
gas bicycles.[Amended 7-5-2005 by Ord. No. 508]
- To stand a vehicle, whether occupied or not, for a period of time greater than is reasonably necessary for the actual loading or unloading of persons or merchandise.
- Any person afoot or wearing in-line speed skates, including a person with a physical, hearing, or visual disability.
- PNEUMATIC TIRE
- Every tire in which compressed air is designed to support the load.
- POLICE or POLICE OFFICER
- All members of the regularly constituted Police Department, special police, auxiliary police and patrolmen duly constituted and appointed by proper authorities of the Village.
- PROPERTY LINE
- The line marking the boundary between any street and the lots or property abutting thereon.
- PUBLIC BUILDING
- A building used by the Village, the county, any park district, school district, the State of Illinois, or the United States government.
- RESCUE VEHICLE
- Any publicly or privately owned vehicle which is specifically designed, configured, and equipped for the performance of access to and extrication of persons from hazardous or life-endangering situations, as well as for the emergency transportation of persons who are sick, injured, wounded or otherwise incapacitated or helpless.
- RESIDENCE DISTRICT
- The territory of any city, village, or incorporated town contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on such highway for a distance of 300 feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business. For purposes of establishing maximum speed limits, a residence district shall be at least a quarter of a mile long with residences or residences and buildings in use for businesses spaced no more than 500 feet apart.
- REVERSIBLE LANE
- A lane of a two or more laned roadway upon which traffic may be directed to move in either direction by means of lane-control signals or other devices, in conjunction with official signs.
- The privilege of the immediate use of the roadway.
- ROAD TRACTOR
- Every motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon either independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn.
- SAFETY ZONE
- The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
- A. Every motor vehicle, except as provided in Subsection B of this definition, owned or operated by or for any of the following entities for the transportation of persons regularly enrolled as students in grade 12 or below in connection with any activity of such entity:
- B. This definition shall not include the following:
- (1) A bus operated by a public utility, municipal corporation or common carrier authorized to conduct local or interurban transportation of passengers when such bus is not traveling a specific school bus route but is:
- (a) On a regularly scheduled route for the transportation of other fare-paying passengers;
- (b) Furnishing charter service for the transportation of groups on field trips or other special trips or in connection with other special events; or
- (c) Being used for shuttle service between attendance centers or other educational facilities.
- (2) A motor vehicle of the First Division.
- (3) A multifunction school-activity bus.
- Every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle.
- That portion of a street between the curbline or roadway and the adjacent property line designated for pedestrian use.
- SOLID TIRE
- Every tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not depend upon compressed air for the support of the load.
- SPEED-CHANGE LANE
- An auxiliary lane, including tapered areas, primarily for the acceleration or deceleration of vehicles entering or leaving the through traffic lanes.
- STREET OR HIGHWAY
- The entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public, as a matter of right, for the purpose of vehicular traffic.
- SUBURBAN DISTRICT
- That portion of any city, village or incorporated town other than the business and residence districts.
- THROUGH HIGHWAY
- Every highway or portion thereof at the entrance to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to stop before entering or crossing the same and when stop signs are erected as provided in this chapter.
- Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances, whether singly or together, while using any highway for the purpose of travel.
- Every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying passengers or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle.
- TRUCK TRACTOR
- Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn.
- URBAN DISTRICT
- The territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than 100 feet for a distance of a 1/4 mile or more.
- A. Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway or requiring a certificate of title under 625 ILCS 5/3-101(d), except devices moved by human power, devices used or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks and snowmobiles as defined in the Snowmobile Registration and Safety Act (625 ILCS 40/1-1 et seq.).
- B. For the purposes of this chapter, unless otherwise prescribed, a device shall be considered to be a vehicle until such time as it either comes within the definition of a "junk vehicle,' as defined under this chapter, or a junking certificate is issued for it.
- C. For the purpose of this chapter, motor vehicles as a class shall be divided into two divisions:
- (1) First Division: those vehicles which are designed for the carrying of not more than 10 persons.
- (2) Second Division: those vehicles which are designed or used for living quarters, those designed for pulling or carrying freight or the carrying of more than 10 persons, those motor vehicles of the First Division remodeled for use and used as motor vehicles of the Second Division, and those motor vehicles of the First Division used and registered as school buses.
- YIELD RIGHT-OF-WAY
- When required by an official sign means the act of granting the privilege of the immediate use of the intersecting roadway to traffic within the intersection and to vehicles approaching from the right or left, provided that when the roadway is clear the vehicle may proceed into the intersection.
Members of the Police Department, special police, auxiliary police and patrolmen assigned to traffic duty are hereby authorized to direct all traffic in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, or in emergencies as public safety or convenience may require, and it shall be unlawful for any person to fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order, signal or direction of a policeman. Except in case of emergency, it shall be unlawful for any person not authorized by law to direct or attempt to direct traffic. Any person convicted of violating this section is guilty of a petty offense and shall be subject to a mandatory fine of $150.
The Fire Chief, or any fireman designated by him, may exercise the powers and authority of a policeman in directing traffic at the scene of any fire or where the Fire Department has responded to an emergency call for so long as Fire Department equipment is on the scene in the absence of or in assisting the police.
Whenever flashing red or yellow signals are used, they shall require obedience by vehicular traffic as follows:
Flashing red (stop signal). When a red lens is illuminated by rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles shall stop before entering the nearest crosswalk at any intersection or at a limit line when marked or, if none, then before entering the intersection, and the right to proceed shall be subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign.
Flashing yellow (caution signal). When a yellow lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles may proceed through the intersection or past such signal only with caution.
No person shall place, maintain or display upon or in view of any street any unauthorized sign, signal, marking, light, reflector or device which purports to be or is an imitation of or resembles an official traffic-control device or railroad sign or signal, or which attempts to direct the movement of traffic, nor shall any person place, maintain or display upon or in view of any street any other sign which hides from view or interferes with the movement of traffic or effectiveness of any traffic-control device or any railroad sign or signal, and no person shall place or maintain nor shall any public authority permit upon any highway any traffic sign or signal bearing thereon any commercial advertising. No tree, bush or foliage of any kind shall be so placed, maintained, allowed to remain, or displayed upon either public or private property in such a manner as to hide from view or interfere with the movement of traffic or the effectiveness of any traffic-control devices, sign or signal.
It shall be unlawful for any person to deface, injure, move or interfere with any official traffic sign or signal.
It shall be unlawful to maintain anywhere in the Village any sign, signal, marking or device, other than a traffic sign or signal authorized by the Village Board or the Illinois State Department of Transportation, which purports to be or is an imitation of or resembles an official traffic-control device or railroad sign or signal, in view of any street or highway, and it shall be unlawful to place or maintain any sign which hides from view any lawful traffic-control device.
It shall be unlawful to maintain or operate in view of any street or highway any flashing or rotating beacon of light.
No person shall operate an ambulance or rescue vehicle, which shall include any motor vehicle primarily designed and used for conveyance of sick or injured persons, in a manner not conforming to a provision of the motor vehicle laws and regulations of this state or ordinances of this Village as such provision applies to motor vehicles in general, except in compliance with the following conditions:
The person operating the ambulance or rescue vehicle shall be either responding to a bona fide emergency call or specifically directed by a licensed physician to disregard traffic laws in operating the ambulance or rescue vehicle during and for the purpose of the specific trip or journey that is involved.
The ambulance or rescue vehicle shall be equipped with a siren producing an audible signal of an intensity of 100 decibels at a distance of 50 feet from the siren, and with a lamp emitting an oscillating, rotating or flashing red beam directed in part toward the front of the vehicle, and these lamps shall have sufficient intensity to be visible at 500 feet in normal sunlight; in addition to other lighting requirements, these vehicles may also operate with a lamp or lamps emitting an oscillating, rotating, or flashing green light.
The aforesaid siren and lamp shall be in full operation at all times when it is reasonably necessary to warn pedestrians and other drivers of the approach thereof during such trip or journey.
Whenever the ambulance or rescue vehicle is operated at a speed in excess of 40 miles per hour, the ambulance or rescue vehicle shall be operated in complete conformance with every other motor vehicle law and regulation of this state and ordinances of this Village in which the ambulance or rescue vehicle is operated, relating to the operation of motor vehicles, as such provision applies to motor vehicles in general, except laws and regulations pertaining to compliance with official traffic-control devices or to vehicular operation up the right half of the roadway.
The ambulance or rescue vehicle shall display registration plates identifying the vehicle as an ambulance or rescue vehicle.
Any person riding a bicycle or an animal, or driving any animal drawing a vehicle upon any street, shall be subject to the provisions of this chapter applicable to the driver of a vehicle, except those provisions which can have no application to one riding a bicycle or driving or riding an animal.
The provisions of this chapter regulating the movement or parking of vehicles shall not apply to the driver of any authorized emergency vehicle when responding to an emergency call, but such driver, when approaching, shall slow down as necessary for safety but may proceed cautiously past a red or stop sign or signal. At other times, drivers of authorized emergency vehicles shall stop in obedience to a stop sign or signal.
No driver of any authorized emergency vehicle shall assume any special privileges except when such vehicle is operated in response to an emergency call or in the immediate pursuit of an actual or suspected violator of the law.
The provisions of this chapter regulating the movement and parking of vehicles shall not apply to persons, equipment or vehicles while actually engaged in installing, repairing, or otherwise improving streets or street pavements.