Village of Granville, IL
Putnam County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

§ 252-16 Required position and method of turning at intersection.

§ 252-17 Starting parked vehicle.

§ 252-18 Driver's signal.

§ 252-19 Signals and turning.

§ 252-20 Signal lamps and devices.

§ 252-21 Driving from alleys, driveways or garages.

§ 252-22 Sidewalks and safety zones.

§ 252-23 Right-of-way.

§ 252-24 Vehicles turning left.

§ 252-25 U-turns.

§ 252-26 No left turn.

§ 252-27 Fire Department vehicles and equipment.

§ 252-28 Driving on right side of roadway.

§ 252-29 Passing vehicles.

§ 252-30 Overtaking vehicles.

§ 252-31 Overtaking vehicles on right.

§ 252-32 Limitations on overtaking on left.

§ 252-33 One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands.

§ 252-34 Driving on roadways laned for traffic.

§ 252-35 Operation of vehicles on approach of emergency vehicles.

§ 252-36 Reckless, negligent or careless driving.

§ 252-37 Speed restrictions.

§ 252-38 Speed limits while passing schools.

§ 252-39 Traffic not to be obstructed.

§ 252-40 Bicycles and motorcycles.

§ 252-41 Unattended vehicles.

§ 252-42 Unattended animals.

§ 252-43 Clinging to vehicles.

§ 252-44 Toy vehicles.

§ 252-45 Riding on outside of vehicle.

§ 252-46 Train signals.

§ 252-47 Driving through funeral or other procession.

§ 252-48 Drivers in procession.

§ 252-49 Funeral processions.

§ 252-50 Backing.

§ 252-51 Restricted access roadways.

§ 252-52 Trucks prohibited on certain streets.

§ 252-53 Limited load streets.

§ 252-54 School buses.

§ 252-55 Following too closely.

§ 252-56 Disregarding traffic orders.

§ 252-57 Refusal to stop vehicle.

§ 252-58 Lights on motor vehicles.

§ 252-59 Disobeying traffic-control devices.

§ 252-60 Opening door into traffic lane.

§ 252-61 Drag racing.

§ 252-62 Alcohol in motor vehicles.

§ 252-63 Seat belts.

§ 252-64 Lights on emergency vehicles.

§ 252-16 Required position and method of turning at intersection.

The driver of a vehicle intending to turn at an intersection shall do so as follows:
A. 
Both the approach for a right turn and a right turn shall be made as close as practical to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway, or as indicated by traffic markers or signs.
B. 
At any intersection where traffic is permitted to move in both directions on each roadway entering the intersection, an approach for a left turn shall be made in that portion of the right half of the roadway nearest the center line thereof and by passing to the right of such center line where it enters the intersection, and after entering the intersection the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection to the right of the center line of the roadway being entered. Whenever practicable, the left turn shall be made in that portion of the intersection to the left of the center of the intersection, or as indicated by traffic markers or signs.
C. 
At any intersection where traffic is restricted to one direction on one or more roadways, the driver of a vehicle intending to turn left at any such intersection shall approach the intersection in the extreme left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in the direction of travel of such vehicle, and after entering the intersection the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection, as nearly as practicable, in the left lane lawfully available to traffic moving in such direction upon the roadway being entered, or as indicated by traffic markers or signs.
D. 
The driver of a vehicle about to enter or cross a highway from a private road or driveway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on the highway.

§ 252-17 Starting parked vehicle.

No person shall start a vehicle which is stopped, standing, or parked unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety.

§ 252-18 Driver's signal.

No driver of a vehicle shall suddenly start, slow down, stop or attempt to turn without first giving a suitable signal in such a manner as to apprise others who might be affected by his action.
A. 
No person shall turn a vehicle from a direct course upon a highway unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety and after giving an appropriate signal in the manner hereinafter provided.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
B. 
A signal or intention to turn right or left shall be given during not less than the last 100 feet traveled by the vehicle before turning.
(1) 
The signals herein required shall be given either by means of the hand and arm or by an electric turn signal device, but when a vehicle is so constructed or loaded that a hand and arm signal would not be visible both to the front and rear of such vehicle, then said signals must be given by such device.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
(2) 
All signals herein required given by hand and arm shall be given from the left side of the vehicle in the following manner and such signals shall indicate as follows:
(a) 
Left turn: hand and arm extended horizontally.
(b) 
Right turn: hand and arm extended upward, except that a person operating a bicycle may extend the right hand and arm horizontally and to the right side of the bicycle.[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
(c) 
Stop or decrease of speed: hand and arm extended downward.

§ 252-19 Signals and turning.

A. 
No person may turn a vehicle at an intersection unless the vehicle is in the lane next to the direction in which the turn is to be made or turn a vehicle to enter a private road or driveway, or otherwise turn a vehicle from a direct course or move right or left upon a roadway unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety. No person may so turn any vehicle without giving an appropriate signal in the manner hereinafter provided.
B. 
A signal of intention to turn right or left, when required, must be given continuously during not less than the last 100 feet traveled by the vehicle before turning within a business or residence district, and such signal must be given continuously during not less than the last 200 feet traveled by the vehicle before turning outside a business or residence district.
C. 
No person may stop or suddenly decrease the speed of a vehicle without first giving an appropriate signal in the manner provided in this article to the driver of any vehicle immediately to the rear when there is opportunity to give such a signal.
D. 
The electric turn signal device required in this article must be used to indicate an intention to turn, change lanes or start from a parallel parked position but must not be flashed on one side only on a parked or disabled vehicle or flashed as a courtesy or "do pass" signal to operators of other vehicles approaching from the rear.

§ 252-20 Signal lamps and devices.

A. 
Every vehicle operated in this Village shall be equipped with a stop lamp or lamps on the rear of the vehicle which shall display a red light visible from a distance of not less than 500 feet to the rear in normal sunlight, and which shall be actuated upon application of the service (foot) brake, and which may but need not be incorporated with other rear lamps.
B. 
Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with an electric turn signal device which shall indicate the intention of the driver to turn to the right or to the left in the form of flashing lights located at and showing to the front and rear of the vehicle on the side of the vehicle toward which the turn is to be made. The lamps showing to the front shall be mounted on the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable and, when signaling, shall emit a white or amber light, or any shade of light between white and amber. The lamps showing to the rear shall be mounted on the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable and, when signaling, shall emit a red or amber light.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
C. 
Every trailer and semi-trailer shall be equipped with an electric turn signal device which indicates the intention of the driver in the power unit to turn to the right or to the left in the form of flashing red lights located at the rear of the vehicle on the side toward which the turn is to be made and mounted on the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable.
D. 
Turn signal lamps must be visible from a distance of not less than 300 feet in normal sunlight.

§ 252-21 Driving from alleys, driveways or garages. [1]

The driver of a vehicle emerging from an alley, building, private road or driveway within an urban area shall stop such vehicle immediately prior to driving into the sidewalk area extending across such alley, building entrance, road or driveway, or in the event there is no sidewalk area, shall stop at the point nearest the street to be entered where the driver has a view of approaching traffic thereon, and shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian as may be necessary to avoid collision, and upon entering the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on such roadway.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-22 Sidewalks and safety zones.

No driver of a vehicle shall drive within any sidewalk area except at a permanent or temporary driveway, nor at any time into or upon any portion of a roadway marked as a safety zone.

§ 252-23 Right-of-way.

Except as otherwise herein provided, the driver of a vehicle approaching an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to a vehicle which has entered the intersection from a different highway; and when two vehicles enter an intersection from different highways at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right.

§ 252-24 Vehicles turning left. [1]

The driver of a vehicle within an intersection intending to turn to the left shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction which is within the intersection or so close thereto as to constitute an immediate hazard, but the driver, having so yielded and having given a signal when and as required, may proceed at such time as a safe interval occurs.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-25 U-turns.

It shall be unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to turn the vehicle so as to proceed in the opposite direction or to make a U-turn.

§ 252-26 No left turn.

It shall be unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to turn left or right at any place where such turns are prohibited by ordinance. The prohibition shall be indicated by appropriate signs.

§ 252-27 Fire Department vehicles and equipment.

A. 
Upon the approach of a Fire Department vehicle, drivers of vehicles shall comply with the provisions of this article relating to the approach of authorized emergency vehicles.
B. 
It shall be unlawful for the driver of any vehicle, other than one on official business, to follow any fire apparatus in response to a fire alarm closer than 500 feet, or to stop any vehicle within 500 feet of any fire apparatus stopped to answer a fire alarm.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
C. 
It shall be further unlawful for the driver of any vehicle to drive over an unprotected hose of the Fire Department without the consent of the Fire Chief or the assistant in command.

§ 252-28 Driving on right side of roadway.

Upon all roadways of sufficient width, a vehicle shall be driven upon the right half of the roadway except as follows:
A. 
When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction under the rules governing such movement.
B. 
When an obstruction exists making it necessary to drive to the left of the center of the roadway; provided that any person so doing shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles traveling in the proper direction upon the unobstructed portion of the roadway within such distance as to constitute an immediate hazard.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
C. 
Upon a roadway divided into three marked lanes for traffic under the rules applicable thereon.
D. 
Upon a roadway designated and signposted for one-way traffic.
E. 
Whenever there is a single-track paved road on one side of the public highway and two vehicles meet thereon, the driver on whose right is the wider shoulder shall give the right-of-way on such pavement to the other vehicle.

§ 252-29 Passing vehicles.

Drivers of vehicles proceeding in opposite directions shall pass each other to the right; and upon roadways having width for not more than one line of traffic in each direction, each driver shall give to the other at least 1/2 of the main traveled portion of the roadway as nearly as possible.

§ 252-30 Overtaking vehicles. [1]

The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction, subject to these limitations, exceptions and special rules hereinafter stated:
A. 
The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle. In no event shall such movement be made by driving off the pavement or the main traveled portion of the roadway.
B. 
Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on audible signal and shall not increase the speed of his vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.
C. 
The operator of a motor vehicle overtaking a bicycle or individual proceeding in the same direction on a highway shall leave a safe distance, but not less than three feet, when passing the bicycle or individual and shall maintain that distance until safely past the overtaken bicycle or individual.
D. 
A person driving a motor vehicle shall not, in a reckless manner, drive the motor vehicle unnecessarily close to, toward, or near a bicyclist, pedestrian, or a person riding a horse or driving an animal-drawn vehicle.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-31 Overtaking vehicles on right.

A. 
The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass upon the right of another vehicle which is making or about to make a left turn.
B. 
The driver of a vehicle may overtake and, allowing sufficient clearance, pass another vehicle proceeding in the same direction either upon the left or upon the right on a roadway with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for four or more lanes of moving traffic when such movement can be made in safety. No person shall drive off the pavement or upon the shoulder of the roadway in overtaking or passing on the right.
C. 
The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon the right on a one-way street or on any street on which traffic is restricted to one direction of movement where the roadway is free from obstruction and of sufficient width for two or more lanes of moving vehicles.

§ 252-32 Limitations on overtaking on left.

A. 
No vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the center of the roadway in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless such left side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or any vehicle overtaken. In every event, the overtaking vehicle must return to the authorized lane of travel as soon as practicable, and in the event the passing movement involves the use of a lane authorized for vehicles approaching from the opposite direction, before coming within 200 feet of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
B. 
No vehicle shall, in overtaking and passing another vehicle or at any other time, be driven to the left side of the roadway under the following conditions:
(1) 
When approaching the crest of a grade or upon a curve in the highway where the driver's view is obstructed with sufficient distance as to create a hazard in the event another vehicle might approach from the opposite direction.
(2) 
When approaching within 100 feet of or traversing any intersection or railroad grade crossing.
(3) 
When official signs are in place directing that traffic keep to the right, or a distinctive line also so directs traffic as declared in the sign manual adopted by the Illinois State Department of Transportation.
(4) 
The limitations in Subsection B(1) and (2) shall not apply on a one-way street, or upon a street with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for two or more lanes of moving traffic in each direction nor to the driver of a vehicle turning left into or from an alley, private road or driveway when such movement can be made with safety.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-33 One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands.

A. 
Upon a roadway designated and signposted for one-way traffic, a vehicle shall be driven only in the direction designated.
B. 
A vehicle passing around a rotary traffic island shall be driven on the right of such island.
C. 
Whenever any highway has been divided into two or more roadways by leaving an intervening space or by a physical barrier or a clearly indicated dividing section so constructed as to impede vehicular traffic, every vehicle must be driven only upon the right-hand roadway unless directed or permitted to use another roadway by official traffic-control devices or police officers. No vehicle may be driven over, across, or within any such dividing space, barrier, or section, except through an opening in the physical barrier, or dividing section, or space, or at a cross-over or intersection established by public authority.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Added at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
D. 
The driver of a vehicle may turn left across a paved noncurbed dividing space unless prohibited by an official traffic-control device.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Added at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-34 Driving on roadways laned for traffic.

Whenever any roadway has been divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for traffic, the following rules, in addition to all others consistent herewith, shall apply:
A. 
A vehicle shall be driven as nearly as practical entirely within a single lane and shall not be moved from such lane until the driver has first ascertained that such movement can be made with safety.
B. 
Upon a roadway which is divided into three lanes, a vehicle shall not be driven in the center lane except when overtaking and passing another vehicle where the roadway is clearly visible and such center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance, or in preparation for a left turn or where such center lane is at the time allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the direction that the vehicle is proceeding and is signposted to give notice of such allocation.
C. 
Official signs may be erected directing specific traffic to use a designated lane or designating those lanes to be used by traffic moving in a particular direction regardless of the center of the roadway, and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of such signs.
D. 
Official traffic-control devices may be installed prohibiting the changing of lanes on sections of roadways, and drivers of vehicles shall obey such signs.

§ 252-35 Operation of vehicles on approach of emergency vehicles.

A. 
Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle, when the driver is giving audible sign by siren or bell, the driver of every other vehicle shall yield the right-of-way and shall immediately drive to a position parallel to and as close as possible to the right-hand edge or curb of the highway clear of any intersection and shall stop and remain in such position until the authorized emergency vehicle has passed, except when otherwise directed by a police officer.
B. 
This section shall not operate to relieve the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle from the duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all persons using the highway.
C. 
Stationary vehicles.[1]
(1) 
Upon approaching a stationary authorized emergency vehicle, when the authorized emergency vehicle is giving a signal by displaying alternately flashing red, red and white, blue, or red and blue lights or amber or yellow warning lights, a person who drives an approaching vehicle shall:
(a) 
Proceeding with due caution, yield the right-of-way by making a lane change into a lane not adjacent to that of the authorized emergency vehicle, if possible with due regard to safety and traffic conditions, if on a highway having at least four lanes with not less than two lanes proceeding in the same direction as the approaching vehicle; or
(b) 
Proceeding with due caution, reduce the speed of the vehicle, maintaining a safe speed for road conditions, if changing lanes would be impossible or unsafe.
(2) 
As used in this Subsection C, "authorized emergency vehicle" includes any vehicle authorized by law to be equipped with oscillating, rotating, or flashing lights under 625 ILCS 5/12-215 while the owner or operator of the vehicle is engaged in his or her official duties.
[1]
Editor's Note: Added at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-36 Reckless, negligent or careless driving.

It shall be unlawful to operate any vehicle in the Village in a careless, reckless, negligent or wanton manner, or carelessly so as to endanger life or property.

§ 252-37 Speed restrictions.

A. 
It shall be unlawful to drive any motor vehicle on any street not under the jurisdiction of the Illinois Department of Transportation, or the county, or in an urban district within the Village at a speed in excess of 30 miles per hour, or in an alley at a speed in excess of 15 miles per hour.
B. 
It shall be unlawful to drive any vehicle on any highway outside the urban district at a speed of more than 65 miles per hour.
C. 
It shall be unlawful to drive any vehicle of the First Division towing another vehicle outside of an urban district at more than 55 miles per hour, in an urban district at more than 30 miles per hour, or 15 miles an hour in an alley.
D. 
If the President and Board of Trustees, by ordinance, set other limits as provided by statute (625 ILCS 5/11-604) after an engineering or traffic survey, then such limits shall govern the rate of speed on the streets indicated in such ordinance. Appropriate signs shall be posted showing such speed limits.
E. 
The fact that the speed of a vehicle does not exceed the applicable maximum speed limit does not relieve the driver from the duty to decrease speed when approaching and crossing an intersection, when approaching and going around a curve, when approaching a hill crest, when traveling upon any narrow or winding roadway or when special hazards exist with respect to pedestrians or other traffic by reason of weather or highway conditions; and speed shall be decreased as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person or vehicle on or entering the highway in compliance with legal requirements and the duty of all persons to use due care.
F. 
It shall be unlawful to drive any vehicle on any street or highway within the Village under the jurisdiction of the State Department of Transportation, or of the county, at a speed exceeding that lawfully set for such street.
G. 
The speed of all vehicles of the Second Division as defined by this chapter shall be as follows:
(1) 
If the vehicle is designed and used for pulling or carrying freight and has a gross weight of 8,000 pounds or less (including the weight of the vehicle and maximum load), and is equipped with pneumatic tires, the maximum is 55 miles per hour outside of an urban district, 30 miles per hour in an urban district, and 15 miles per hour in an alley; but if such vehicle is equipped with two or more solid tires, the maximum is 10 miles per hour at all times and in all locations.
(2) 
If the vehicle is designed and used for pulling or carrying freight and has a gross weight of more than 8,000 pounds (including the weight of the vehicle and maximum load), and is equipped with pneumatic tires, the maximum is 50 miles per hour outside of an urban district, 30 miles per hour in an urban district, and 15 miles per hour in an alley; but if such vehicle is equipped with two or more solid tires, the maximum is 10 miles per hour at all times and in all locations.
(3) 
If the vehicle is designed and used for carrying more than 10 passengers, and is equipped with pneumatic tires, the maximum is 60 miles per hour.

§ 252-38 Speed limits while passing schools. [1]

No person shall drive a motor vehicle at a speed in excess of 20 miles per hour while passing a school zone or while traveling on a roadway on public school property or upon any public thoroughfare on or across which children pass going to and from school during school days when school children are present. Appropriate signs shall be posted to indicate this restriction.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-39 Traffic not to be obstructed.

No vehicle shall be operated or allowed to remain upon the street in such a manner as to form an unreasonable obstruction to the traffic thereon.

§ 252-40 Bicycles and motorcycles.

It shall be unlawful for more than one person to ride upon any bicycle which is designed for one person and propelled by human power upon any street, or for any person to ride upon any motorcycle other than upon a seat permanently attached to said vehicle to the right or rear of the operator.

§ 252-41 Unattended vehicles.

A. 
No vehicle shall be left unattended while the motor of such vehicle is running; and no vehicle shall be left without a driver on any hill or incline unless the vehicle is secured against moving.
B. 
Whenever any police officer finds a vehicle unattended upon any bridge or causeway where such vehicle constitutes an obstruction to traffic, such officer is hereby authorized to provide for the removal of such vehicle to the nearest garage or other place of safety.

§ 252-42 Unattended animals.

It shall be unlawful to leave any horse or other draft animal unattended in any street without having such animal securely fastened.

§ 252-43 Clinging to vehicles.

It shall be unlawful for any person on any street riding a bicycle, motorcycle, sled, or any toy vehicle to cling to or attach himself or his vehicle to any moving motor vehicle or wagon.

§ 252-44 Toy vehicles.

It shall be unlawful for any person upon skates, a coaster, sled or other toy vehicle to go upon any roadway other than at a crosswalk.

§ 252-45 Riding on outside of vehicle.

It shall be unlawful for any person to ride upon the fenders, running board, bumpers, top or outside step of any vehicle.

§ 252-46 Train signals. [1]

A. 
The driver of a vehicle approaching a railroad grade crossing when a signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train or railroad track equipment shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest track of such railroad and shall not proceed until he can do so safely.
B. 
The driver of a vehicle shall stop at and not traverse such grade crossing when a crossing gate is lowered or when a flagman or automatic signal warns of the approach of a train or railroad track equipment.
C. 
The driver of any motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire, or any school bus carrying any school children, or any vehicle carrying explosives or flammable liquid as cargo shall stop such vehicle within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the tracks and shall listen and look in both directions along such track from which a train or railroad track equipment might come before proceeding across such tracks at a grade crossing; provided that no such stop need be made at any such crossing where a police officer or a traffic-control signal directs traffic to proceed.
D. 
Whenever a person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing where the driver is not always required to stop but must slow down, the person must exercise due care and caution as the existence of a railroad track across a highway is a warning of danger, and under any of the circumstances stated in this section, the driver shall slow down within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of the railroad and shall not proceed until he or she checks that the tracks are clear of an approaching train or railroad track equipment.
E. 
No person may drive any vehicle through a railroad crossing if there is insufficient space to drive completely through the crossing without stopping.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-47 Driving through funeral or other procession.

No driver of a vehicle shall drive between the vehicles comprising a funeral or other authorized procession while they are in motion and when such vehicles are conspicuously designated as required by this chapter.

§ 252-48 Drivers in procession.

Each driver in a funeral or other procession shall drive as near to the right-hand side of the roadway as practical and shall follow the vehicle ahead as close as practical and safe.

§ 252-49 Funeral processions. [1]

Funeral processions have the right-of-way at intersections when vehicles comprising such procession have their headlights and hazard lights lighted, subject to the following conditions and exceptions:
A. 
Operators of vehicles in a funeral procession shall yield the right-of-way upon the approach of an authorized emergency vehicle giving an audible or visible signal.
B. 
Operators of vehicles in a funeral procession shall yield the right-of-way when directed to do so by a traffic officer.
C. 
The operator of the leading vehicle in a funeral procession shall comply with stop signs and traffic-control signals, but when the leading vehicle has proceeded across an intersection in accordance with such signal or after stopping as required by the stop sign, all vehicles in such procession may proceed without stopping, regardless of the sign or signal, and the leading vehicle and the vehicles in procession shall proceed with due caution.
D. 
The operator of a vehicle not in the funeral procession shall not drive his vehicle in the funeral procession except when authorized to do so by a traffic officer or when such vehicle is an authorized emergency vehicle giving audible or visible signal.
E. 
Operators of vehicles not a part of a funeral procession may not form a procession or convoy and have their headlights or hazard lights, or both, lighted for the purpose of securing the right-of-way granted by this section to funeral processions.
F. 
The operator of a vehicle not in a funeral procession may overtake and pass the vehicles in such procession if such overtaking and passing can be accomplished without causing a traffic hazard or interfering with such procession.
G. 
The lead vehicle in the funeral procession may be equipped with a flashing amber light which may be used only when such vehicle is used as a lead vehicle in such procession. Vehicles comprising a funeral procession may utilize funeral pennants or flags or windshield stickers or flashing hazard warning signal flashers to identify the individual vehicles in such a procession.
H. 
In the absence of law enforcement traffic-control assistance for a funeral procession, a funeral director or his or her designee may direct traffic during a funeral procession.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-50 Backing.

The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with reasonable safety and without interference with other traffic.

§ 252-51 Restricted access roadways.

No person shall drive a vehicle onto or from any controlled or limited controlled access roadway except at such entrances and exits as are established by public authority.

§ 252-52 Trucks prohibited on certain streets.

It shall be unlawful to operate a truck upon any street where truck operation is prohibited by ordinance and where such signs of prohibition are posted, except that a truck may be driven on such street for not more than the minimum distance necessary for the purpose of making deliveries or picking up loads.

§ 252-53 Limited load streets.

It shall be unlawful to operate any vehicle on any street in the Village when the gross weight on the surface of the road through any axle of such vehicle exceeds 16,000 pounds. Where lower limits are imposed by ordinance and signs indicating such limitations are posted, it shall be unlawful to operate a vehicle in excess of such weight on such street, except for the purpose of making delivery or picking up a load, in which case such vehicle may be driven on such street for not more than the minimum distance necessary for the purpose.

§ 252-54 School buses. [1]

The driver of a vehicle shall stop such vehicle before meeting or overtaking, from either direction, any school bus which has stopped at any location for the purpose of receiving or discharging any school children. Such stop is required before reaching such school bus when there is in operation on the bus a visual signal directing that a stop be made; provided that the driver of a vehicle upon a street or highway of which the lanes for traffic moving in opposite directions are separated by a strip of ground at least four feet wide which is not surfaced or suitable for vehicle traffic, or on a controlled-access highway where pedestrians are not permitted to cross, need not stop his vehicle upon meeting or passing a school bus which is on the opposite roadway.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-55 Following too closely.

A. 
The driver of a motor vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the speed of such vehicles and the traffic upon and the condition of the street.
B. 
The driver of any truck or motor vehicle drawing another vehicle when traveling upon a roadway outside of a business or residence district and which is following another truck or motor vehicle drawing another vehicle shall, whenever conditions permit, leave sufficient space so that an overtaking vehicle may enter and occupy such space without danger, except that this shall not prevent a truck or motor vehicle drawing another vehicle from overtaking and passing any vehicle or combination of vehicles.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
C. 
Motor vehicles being driven upon any street outside of a business or residence district in a caravan or motorcade, whether or not towing other vehicles, shall be so operated as to allow sufficient space between each such vehicle or combination of vehicles so as to enable any other vehicle to enter and occupy such space without danger. This provision shall not apply to funeral processions.

§ 252-56 Disregarding traffic orders.

It shall be unlawful for any person to willfully fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or direction of any police officer invested by law with authority to direct, control or regulate traffic.

§ 252-57 Refusal to stop vehicle.

It shall be unlawful for the driver or operator of any motor vehicle who has been given a visual or audible signal by a police officer directing such driver or operator to bring his vehicle to a stop to willfully fail or refuse to obey such direction, to increase his speed, to extinguish his lights or otherwise flee or attempt to evade the police officer. The signal given by the police officer may be by hand, voice, siren, red or blue light, and the officer giving such signal shall be in a police uniform, and, if driving a vehicle, such vehicle shall be marked showing it to be an official police vehicle.

§ 252-58 Lights on motor vehicles. [1]

A. 
When operated upon any highway in this state, every motorcycle shall at all times exhibit at least one lighted lamp, showing a white light visible for at least 500 feet in the direction the motorcycle is proceeding. However, in lieu of such lighted lamp, a motorcycle may be equipped with and use a means of modulating the upper beam of the head lamp between high and a lower brightness. No such head lamp shall be modulated, except to otherwise comply with the Illinois Vehicle Code, during times when lighted lamps are required for other motor vehicles.
B. 
All other motor vehicles shall exhibit at least two lighted head lamps, with at least one on each side of the front of the vehicle, which satisfy United States Department of Transportation requirements, showing white lights, including that emitted by high-intensity discharge (HID) lamps, or lights of a yellow or amber tint, during the period from sunset to sunrise, at times when rain, snow, fog, or other atmospheric conditions require the use of windshield wipers, and at any other times when, due to insufficient light or unfavorable atmospheric conditions, persons and vehicles on the highway are not clearly discernible at a distance of 1,000 feet. Parking lamps may be used in addition to but not in lieu of such head lamps. Every motor vehicle, trailer, or semi-trailer shall also exhibit at least two lighted lamps, commonly known as "tail lamps," which shall be mounted on the left rear and right rear of the vehicle so as to throw a red light visible for at least 500 feet in the reverse direction, except that a truck tractor or road tractor manufactured before January 1, 1968, and all motorcycles need be equipped with only one such tail lamp.
C. 
Either a tail lamp or a separate lamp shall be so constructed and placed as to illuminate with a white light a rear registration plate when required and render it clearly legible from a distance of 50 feet to the rear. Any tail lamp or tail lamps, together with any separate lamp or lamps for illuminating a rear registration plate, shall be so wired as to be lighted whenever the head lamps or auxiliary driving lamps are lighted.
D. 
A person shall install only head lamps that satisfy United States Department of Transportation regulations and show white light, including that emitted by HID lamps, or light of a yellow or amber tint for use by a motor vehicle.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-59 Disobeying traffic-control devices.

A. 
No driver of a vehicle shall disobey the instructions of any official traffic-control device unless at the time otherwise directed by a police officer.
B. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to leave the roadway and travel across private property to avoid a traffic-control device.

§ 252-60 Opening door into traffic lane.

It shall be unlawful to open any door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic nor shall any person leave a door open on the side of a motor vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers.

§ 252-61 Drag racing.

It shall be unlawful for the operator of any motor vehicle to be a participant in drag racing.

§ 252-62 Alcohol in motor vehicles. [1]

It shall be unlawful for any person to transport, carry, possess or have any alcoholic liquor within any passenger area of any motor vehicle except in the original package and with the seal unbroken.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 252-63 Seat belts.

It shall be unlawful for any person to operate any 1961 or later model motor vehicle of the First Division that is titled or licensed by the Secretary of State unless the front seat of such motor vehicle is equipped with two sets of seat safety belts.

§ 252-64 Lights on emergency vehicles. [1]

No oscillating, rotating or flashing lights are permitted on any motor vehicle except as follows:
A. 
Red or white oscillating, rotating or flashing lights, whether lighted or unlighted, are permitted only on:
(1) 
Local law enforcement vehicles and police vehicles of the state or federal government.
(2) 
Vehicles of local fire departments and fire-fighting vehicles of the state or federal government.
(3) 
Vehicles which are designed as ambulances or rescue vehicles and while responding to an emergency call for the purpose of conveying sick or injured persons.
(4) 
A vehicle operated by a police officer or county coroner and designated or authorized by local authorities, in writing, as a law enforcement vehicle; however, such designation or authorization must be carried in the vehicle.
(5) 
A vehicle operated by a fire chief who has completed an emergency vehicle operation training course approved by the Office of the State Fire Marshal and designated or authorized by local authorities, in writing, as a fire department, fire protection district, or township fire department vehicle; however, the designation or authorization must be carried in the vehicle, and the lights may be visible or activated only when responding to a bona fide emergency.
(6) 
Vehicles which are occasionally used as rescue vehicles that have been authorized for use as rescue vehicles by a volunteer EMS provider, provided that the operator of the vehicle has successfully completed an emergency vehicle operation training course recognized by the Department of Public Health; furthermore, the lights shall not be lighted except when responding to an emergency call for the sick or injured.
(7) 
Vehicles operated by a local or county emergency management services agency as defined in the Illinois Emergency Management Agency Act (20 ILCS 3305/1 et seq.).
(8) 
School buses operating alternately flashing head lamps as permitted under 625 ILCS 5/12-805.
(9) 
Vehicles that are equipped and used exclusively as organ transplant vehicles when used in combination with blue oscillating, rotating, or flashing lights; furthermore, these lights shall be lighted only when the transportation is declared an emergency by a member of the transplant team or a representative of the organ procurement organization.
B. 
Amber oscillating, rotating or flashing lights, whether lighted or unlighted, are permitted only on:
(1) 
Second Division vehicles designed for towing or hoisting disabled vehicles while actually being used for such purposes in accordance with 625 ILCS 5/12-215(b)(1).
(2) 
Motor vehicles or equipment of the State of Illinois, local authorities and contractors while engaged in maintenance or construction operations within the limits of construction projects.
(3) 
Vehicles or equipment used by engineering or survey crews while actually engaged in work on a highway.
(4) 
Vehicles of public utilities, municipalities, or other construction, maintenance or automotive service vehicles, except that such lights shall be lighted only as a means of indicating the presence of a vehicular traffic hazard requiring unusual care in approaching, overtaking or passing while such vehicles are engaged in maintenance, service or construction on a highway.
(5) 
Oversized vehicle or load moving under permit issued by the Illinois Department of Transportation.
(6) 
The front and rear of motorized equipment owned and operated by the State of Illinois or any political subdivision thereof, which is designed and used for removal of snow and ice from highways.
(7) 
The front and rear of motorized equipment or vehicles that: (i) are not owned by the State of Illinois or any political subdivision of the state, (ii) are designed and used for removal of snow and ice from highways and parking lots, and (iii) are equipped with a snow plow that is 12 feet in width; these lights may not be lighted except when the motorized equipment or vehicle is actually being used for those purposes on behalf of a unit of government.
(8) 
Fleet safety vehicles registered in another state; furthermore, such lights shall not be lighted except as provided for in 625 ILCS 5/12-212.
(9) 
Such other vehicles as may be authorized by local authorities.
(10) 
Law enforcement vehicles of state or local authorities when used in combination with red oscillating, rotating or flashing lights.
(11) 
Propane delivery trucks.
(12) 
Vehicles used for collecting or delivering mail for the United States Postal Service, provided that such lights shall not be lighted except when such vehicles are actually being used for such purposes.
(13) 
Any vehicle displaying a slow-moving vehicle emblem as provided in 625 ILCS 5/12-205.1.
(14) 
All trucks equipped with self-compactors or roll-off hoists and roll-on containers for garbage, recycling, or refuse hauling. Such lights shall not be lighted except when such vehicles are actually being used for such purposes.
(15) 
Vehicles used by a security company, alarm responder, control agency, or the Illinois Department of Corrections.
(16) 
Vehicles of union representatives, except that the lights shall be lighted only while the vehicle is within the limits of a construction project.
C. 
Blue oscillating, rotating or flashing lights, whether lighted or unlighted, are permitted only on:
(1) 
Rescue squad vehicles, in accordance with 625 ILCS 5/12-215, Subsection (c)(1), not owned by a fire department and vehicles owned or operated by a:
(a) 
Volunteer firefighter.
(b) 
Paid firefighter.
(c) 
Part-paid firefighter.
(d) 
Call firefighter.
(e) 
Member of the board of trustees of a fire protection district.
(f) 
Paid or unpaid member of a rescue squad.
(g) 
Paid or unpaid member of a voluntary ambulance unit.
(h) 
Paid or unpaid members of a local or county emergency management services agency as defined in the Illinois Emergency Management Agency Act (20 ILCS 3305/1 et seq.), designated or authorized by local authorities, in writing, and carrying that designation or authorization in the vehicle.
(2) 
Law enforcement vehicles of state or local authorities when used in combination with red oscillating, rotating or flashing lights.
(3) 
Vehicles of local fire departments and state or federal fire-fighting vehicles when used in combination with red oscillating, rotating or flashing lights.
(4) 
Vehicles which are designed and used exclusively as ambulances or rescue vehicles when used in combination with red oscillating, rotating or flashing lights; furthermore, such lights shall not be lighted except when responding to an emergency call.
(5) 
Vehicles that are equipped and used exclusively as organ transport vehicles when used in combination with red oscillating, rotating, or flashing lights; furthermore, these lights shall only be lighted when the transportation is declared an emergency by a member of the transplant team or a representative of the organ procurement organization.
(6) 
Vehicles operated by a local or county emergency management services agency as defined in the Illinois Emergency Management Agency Act (20 ILCS 3305/1 et seq.), when used in combination with red oscillating, rotating, or flashing lights.
D. 
Lights permitted in accordance with this section shall comply in all respects with 625 ILCS 5/12-215.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).