Borough of Emmaus, PA
Lehigh County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. 776, 6/21/1993, § 601; as amended by Ord. 1009, 12/4/2006]
1. 
Overall Requirements.
A. 
Number of Spaces. Each use that is newly developed, enlarged, significantly changed in type or increased in number of establishments shall provide and maintain off-street parking spaces in accordance with Table 6.1 and the regulations of this Part, except as exempted by § 27-602(6) in the B-C district.
B. 
Uses Not Listed. Uses not specifically listed in Table 6.1 shall comply with the requirements for the most similar use listed in Table 6.1, unless the applicant proves to the satisfaction of the Zoning officer, after a review by the Planning Commission, that an alternative standard should be used for that use.
C. 
Multiple Uses. Where a proposed lot contains or includes more than one type of use, the number of parking spaces required shall be the sum of the parking requirements for each separate use, except as may be allowed under § 27-601(2), below.
D. 
Calculation. Where the calculation of required parking spaces does not result in a whole number, the calculation shall be rounded to the closest whole number.
E. 
Shared Use. The required parking spaces for any number of separate uses may be combined through an appropriate long-term mechanism within a single lot. The required spaces assigned to one use shall not be assigned to meet the requirements of a second use except:
(1) 
As may be authorized by § 27-601(2), below; or,
(2) 
That 50% of the required parking spaces for a place of worship, a theater, a membership club, (not including a restaurant or tavern) or an auditorium whose public attendance would be at night or on Sundays may be assigned to a use that will have an insignificant or no parking demand during such nights or Sundays.
F. 
Net Increase. The requirements of this Part shall be based upon the net increase in parking spaces. If the creation of off-street parking results in a reduction in the number of legal on-street parking spaces, then those numbers of reduced parking spaces shall also be required to be provided, unless the applicant proves to the satisfaction of the Zoning Hearing Board that those on-street parking spaces were rarely occupied.
G. 
Off-Site Parking. See § 27-602(5) and § 27-602(6).
2. 
Reduction of Parking Requirements by Special Exception.
A. 
Purposes. To minimize impervious surfaces, while ensuring adequate parking; to recognize unique circumstances may justify a reduction in parking.
B. 
The Zoning Hearing Board may permit a reduction, through the special exception process of § 27-119, of the number of parking spaces required to be developed if the applicant proves to the satisfaction of the Board that less parking spaces are needed.
(1) 
Proof. To prove that less parking spaces are needed, the applicant shall provide existing and projected employment, customer, resident or other relevant data. Such data may include a study of parking at similar developments during peak periods of use.
(2) 
Shared Parking. Under this section, an applicant may seek to prove that parking permanently shared with another use or another lot with shared internal access or another lot within 250 feet of the entrance to the use will reduce the total amount of parking needed because the uses have different peak times of parking need or overlapping customers.
(3) 
Reservation of Future Parking Areas. If a reduction is permitted under this section, the Board may require as a condition of the special exception that the lot include the reservation, permanently or for a specified number of years, of areas for use if needed in the future for additional parking.
(a) 
Such reservation shall be provided in a legal form acceptable to the Zoning Hearing Board Solicitor. A legally binding deed restriction is recommended.
(b) 
In such case, the applicant shall be required to submit site plans to the Zoning Officer showing where and how the additional parking could be accomplished. Such future parking areas shall be designed to meet all Borough requirements, including stormwater runoff. Such future parking areas shall not be covered by buildings and shall be attractively landscaped unless needed for parking.
(c) 
Such additional parking shall be required to be provided within one year by the owner of the lot at that time after the Zoning officer may determine in writing to such owner that such parking has become needed to meet actual use. Such determination shall be based upon the Zoning Officer's on-site review on at least three different days.
Table 6.1
Off-Street Parking Requirements
(See Definition of Employee in Part 2)
Use
Number of Off-Street Parking Spaces Required
Plus 1 Off-Street Parking Space For Each:
AGRICULTURAL USES
1.
Crop farming or raising of livestock
Employee
2.
Kennel (Min. of 4)
1 per employee
15 animals of capacity
3.
Plant nursery
1 per employee
250 sq. ft. of indoor sales floor area and 10,000 sq. ft. of outdoor sales area
4.
Stable, Nonhousehold (Min. of 2)
1 per employee
10 animals of capacity
5.
Seasonal sale of agricultural products (Min. of 5)
1 per employee
250 sq. ft. of sales floor area
RESIDENTIAL USES
1.
Dwelling unit
2 per dwelling unit (which may include a driveway space and a garage space). (see also "Housing for Persons over Age 55" below)
See also § 27-601(1)(F) entitled "Net Increase."
In addition, if a low-rise apartment development includes more than 20 dwelling units, then an additional 0.2 spaces per dwelling unit shall be provided for visitor parking
2.
Home occupation, general
As determined to be necessary by the Zoning Hearing Board if a special exception use. 2 spaces if the use is permitted by right
Nonresident employee
3.
Home Occupation, light
None additional required
4.
Housing permanently restricted to persons 55 years and older and/or the physically handicapped
0.6 per dwelling/rental unit, except 0.25 per dwelling/rental unit if evidence is presented that the residents will primary be physically handicapped or over 70 years old
Nonresident employee
5.
Boarding house
1 per rental unit, except for a college fraternity or sorority: 1 per 2 beds plus 2 spaces.
Nonresident employee
6.
Group home
See § 27-402
INSTITUTIONAL USES
1.
Place of worship or church
1 per 5 seats in room of largest capacity. If a place of worship shares parking with a school, then whichever use requires the most parking shall apply instead of the other use
Full-time employee
2.
Care and treatment facilities for children
1 per staff doctor, plus 1 per 3 employees on the maximum shift, plus 1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of total habitable floor area for visitor and resident parking
Plus such additional spaces required by this Table for any supplementary activities that generate additional parking needs
3.
Hospital
1 per 2 beds
1.2 employee
4.
Nursing home
1 per 4 beds
1.3 employee
5.
Personal care home
1 per 3 beds
1.3 employee
6.
Day care as an accessory use to a dwelling
1 space - designed for safe and convenient drop-off and pick-up
Nonresident employee
7.
Day care center as a principal use
1 per 10 children, with spaces designed for safe and convenient drop-off and pick-up
Nonresident employee
8.
School, primary or secondary
1 per 4 students aged 16 or older plus 2 visitor spaces
1.1 employee
9.
Utility facility
Vehicle routinely needed to service facility
10.
Dormitory
2 residents aged 16 or older
Nonresident employee
11.
College, university or trade school
2 students not living on campus who attend class at peak times (plus required spaces for on-campus housing)
1.2 employee on campus during peak times, other than those living on-campus
12.
Public library, community center or cultural center or museum
1 per 5 seats (or 1 per 300 sq. ft. of floor area of rooms accessible to patrons and/or users if seats are not typically provided)
1.2 employee
13.
Treatment center
1 per 2 residents aged 16 years or older plus 1 per nonresident intended to be treated on-site at peak times
Nonresident employee
14.
Swimming pool, nonhousehold
1 per 40 sq. ft. of water surface, other than wading pools
1.2 employee
COMMERCIAL USES
All commercial uses, as applicable, shall provide additional parking or storage needed for maximum number of vehicles stored, displayed or based at the lot at any point in time. These additional spaces are not required to meet the stall size and parking aisle width requirements of this chapter
1.
Auditorium, commercial
1 per 4 seats
2.
Auto service station or repair garage
5 per repair/service bay and 1/4 per fuel nozzle with such spaces separated from accessways to pumps
Employee
3.
Auto, boat, recreational vehicle or manufactured home sales
1 per 15 vehicles, boats, RVs or homes displayed
Employee
4.
Automatic transaction machine
3 per machine, conveniently located
5.
Adult use (including adult bookstore, adult live entertainment use or massage parlor) (Min. of 10)
1 per 30 sq. ft. of total floor area
Employee
6.
Bed and breakfast use
1 per 1.5 rental units
Nonresident employee
7.
Betting use
1 per 3 persons of maximum capacity of buildings, as rated by fire regulations
1.2 employee
8.
Bowling alley
2 per lane plus 2 per pool table
1.2 employee
9.
Bus station, intercity
5 per loading/unloading stall for buses
Employee
10.
Car wash
2 per washing lane or stall, which may be located in drying or vacuuming areas
1.2 employee
11.
Financial institution (includes bank)
1 per 250 sq. ft. of floor area accessible to customers, plus 3 convenient spaces for each automatic banking transaction machine
1.2 employee
12.
Funeral home
1 per 5 seats in rooms intended to be in use at 1 time for visitors
Nonresident employee plus spaces required for any dwelling unit(s)
13.
Golf driving range
1 per tee
1.2 employee
14.
Miniature golf
2 per hole
1.2 employee
15.
Golf course
3 per hole (plus spaces required for any membership club building or restaurant)
2 employees
16.
Ice skating/roller
250 sq. ft. of floor area accessible to users
1.2 employee
17.
Haircutting/hairstyling
2 per customer seat used for haircutting, hair styling, hair washing, manicuring or similar work
1.2 employee
18.
Hotel or motel
1 per rental unit plus 1 per 5 seats in any meeting room (plus any parking required for any restaurant)
1.2 employee
19.
Laundromat
1 per 3 washing machines
On-site employee
20.
Offices or clinic, medical/dental
5 per each doctor or dentist working on-site at peak times
1.2 employee
21.
Offices, other than medical/dental (Min. of 3 per establishment
1 per 300 sq. ft. of floor area (other than warehouse/storage rooms not routinely occupied by persons)
22.
Personal service use, other than haircutting/hairstyling (Min. of 2 per establishment)
1 per 300 sq. ft. of floor area (other than warehouse/storage rooms not accessible to customers)
1.2 employee
23.
Indoor recreation (other than bowling alley), membership club or exercise club
1 per 250 sq. ft. of floor area other than racquetball courts accessible to customers/members plus parking required by any additional use (such as restaurant) plus 2 spaces per racquetball court
1.2 employee
24.
Outdoor recreation (other than uses specifically listed in this table)
1 per 3 persons of capacity (50% may be on grass overflow areas with major driveways in gravel)
1.2 employee
25.
Restaurant
1 per 4 seats
2 employees
26.
Retail sales (other than types separately listed) or shopping center (Min. of 5 per establishment)
1 per 250 sq. ft. of floor area, other than accessory warehouse/storage rooms not accessible to customers
27.
Retail sales of only furniture, lumber, carpeting, bedding or floor covering
1 per 400 sq. ft. of floor area, other than accessory warehouse/storage rooms not accessible to customers
28.
Tavern or nightclub
1 per 40 sq. ft. of total floor area
29.
Theater or auditorium
1 per 4 seats, 1/2 of which may be met by convenient parking shared with other business uses on the same lot that are typically not routinely open beyond 9:30 p.m.
1.2 employee
30.
Veterinarian office
5 per veterinarian
Employee
INDUSTRIAL USES
All industrial uses (including warehousing, distribution and manufacturing)
In addition to parking or storage needed for maximum number of vehicles stored, displayed or based at the lot at any point in time, which spaces are not required to meet the stall size and aisle width requirements of this chapter
1.3 per employee working on-site
Self-storage development
1 per 20 storage units
Employee
[Ord. 776, 6/21/1993, § 602]
1. 
General. Parking spaces and accessways shall be laid out to result in safe and orderly use, and to fully take into account all of the following: vehicular access onto and off the site, vehicular movement within the site, loading areas, pedestrian patterns and any drive-through facilities. No parking area shall cause a safety hazard or impediment to traffic off the lot.
2. 
Existing Parking. Structures and uses in existence at the effective date of this chapter shall not be required to add additional parking spaces to meet the requirements of this Part unless: (A) the general type of use is significantly changed; or, (B) the use is expanded a total aggregate over time of more than 5% or 2,000 square feet in floor area, which ever is more restrictive. Any parking spaces serving such pre-existing structures or uses at the time of adoption of this chapter shall not in the future be reduced in number below the number required by this chapter.
3. 
Expansion of Use. If a existing building or use does not currently conform to the off-street parking or loading requirements of this chapter, then additional parking and/or loading facilities shall only be required for any expansion of the use or building, except:
A. 
If such building or use would expand by a total aggregate of 50% or more in a measurement of parking need addressed by § 27-601, then sufficient off-street parking and off-street loading facilities shall be required not only for the expanded area but also for the pre-existing use or building.
4. 
Continuing Obligation of Parking and Loading Spaces. All required numbers of parking spaces and off-street loading spaces shall be available as long as the use or building which the spaces serve still exist, and such spaces shall not be reduced in number below the minimum required by this chapter. No required parking area or off-street loading spaces shall be used for any other use (such as storage or display of materials) that interferes with the area's availability for parking to serve a use, except that an owner of a parking area may allow use of the spaces by another use during specific times of the day and week when they are clearly not needed for the primary user.
5. 
Location of Parking. Required off-street parking spaces shall be on the same lot or abutting lot with the principal use served, unless the applicant proves to the satisfaction of the Zoning Officer that a guaranteed long-term method of providing the spaces is available using area of a lot within 500 feet (except as provided in subsection (6), below) of the entrance of the principal use being served. Such method may involve a deed restriction allowing using of the spaces during peak hours of need, or a lease extending 20 years or for the life of use of the property, whichever is of shorter duration.
6. 
Downtown Parking Exemption.
A. 
In recognition the need to strongly encourage new construction and the reuse of building space in the downtown, and recognizing the availability of on-street parking areas, the requirements in § 27-601 for minimum numbers of off-street parking spaces in this Part shall not apply within the B-C district, except for:
(1) 
The new construction of an aggregate total after the adoption of this chapter of more than 4,000 square feet of building floor area; or,
(2) 
Any additional number of dwelling units or boarding house units.
B. 
In any case, existing parking in the B-C district shall not be reduced below a minimum equal to one space per 1.3 employee.
C. 
Within the B-C District, the provision of § 27-602(5), above, permitting off-site parking shall be extended to a 700 feet distance.
7. 
Fees-in-Lieu of Parking. As a conditional use, the Borough Council may permit all or part of the parking required in the B-C or R-HO district to be waived if the applicant agrees to provides a fee-in-lieu of parking. Such fees shall be accounted for separately and shall only be used for acquisition and/or development of municipal vehicle parking areas. Such one-time fee shall be $900 per parking space, unless such fee is modified by future resolution of Borough Council.
[Ord. 776, 6/21/1993, § 603; as amended by Ord. 793, 6/20/1994, § 1]
1. 
General Requirements.
A. 
No parking area shall be designed to require or encourage parked vehicles to back into a public street or alley in order to leave a parking space, except for a single-family or two-family dwelling with its access onto a local street or parking court.
B. 
Every required parking space shall be designed so that each motor vehicle may proceed to and from the parking space provided for it without requiring the moving of any other vehicle, except spaces for a single-family detached dwelling, twin dwelling or for approved "valet" parking areas.
C. 
Parking areas shall not be within any of the following: a required buffer yard or a required paved area setback.
D. 
Defined Traffic Ways. All parking areas shall include clearly defined and marked traffic patterns. In any lot with more than 30 off-street parking spaces, raised curbs and landscaped areas shall be used to direct traffic within the lot. Major vehicular routes shall be separated as much as is reasonable from major pedestrian routes within the lot.
E. 
Separation from Street. All areas for off-street parking, off-street loading and unloading and the storage or movement of motor vehicles shall be physically separated from the street by a raised curb, planting strip, wall or other suitable barrier against unchanneled motor vehicle entrance or exit, except for necessary and approved vehicle entrances and exits to the lot. All commercial and industrial parking areas approved after the adoption of this chapter shall be separated from the street by a grass or landscaped strip of land. See § 27-603(7).
F. 
Stacking. Each lot shall provide adequate area upon the lot to prevent back-up of vehicles on a public street while awaiting entry to the lot, or while waiting for service at a drive-through facility.
G. 
Stormwater Management. The applicant for any new or expanded parking lot that would result in 5,000 square feet or greater of impervious coverage (compared to what previously existed), outside of the B-C District, shall be required to submit stormwater management calculations to the Borough Engineer and prove to the satisfaction of the Borough Engineer that stormwater will be adequately managed.
H. 
Landscaping. See § 27-603(7).
2. 
Size and Marking of Parking Spaces.
A. 
Each parking space shall include a rectangle with a minimum width of nine feet and a minimum length of 18 feet, except:
(1) 
The minimum length shall be 21 feet for parallel parking.
(2) 
Compact. If a lot or parking deck includes more than 30 parking spaces, a maximum of 20% of the required spaces include a rectangle with a minimum width of eight feet and a minimum length of 16 feet; provided, that those spaces are marked as "Compact Cars Only" and provided that those spaces do not include the most desirable spaces in the lot or deck.
(3) 
If a parking area is permitted to not be paved, then a minimum width of 10 feet per space shall be used.
(4) 
If parking spaces serve a use involving more than 10,000 square feet of floor area for the retail sale of groceries, then such parking spaces shall have a minimum width of 10 feet to allow for shopping carts.
B. 
All spaces shall be marked to indicate their location, except those of a single-family or two-family dwelling.
3. 
Aisles.
A. 
Each aisle providing access to stalls for one-way traffic only shall be at least the minimum aisle width specified as follows:
Angle of Parking
Minimum Aisle Width
Parallel or 30°
12 feet
45°
14 feet
60°
18 feet
90°
20 feet
B. 
Each aisle providing access to stalls for two-way traffic shall be at least 20 feet in width.
C. 
Maximum length of parking aisle: 300 feet.
D. 
Modification. By special exception, the Zoning Hearing Board may reduce the minimum size of parking spaces or aisles to reflect congested conditions and the need for parking spaces in older commercial areas of the Borough.
4. 
Access Drives and Driveways.
A. 
Width of Driveway/Accessway at Entrance onto Public Street (at the edge of the cartway).
1-Way Use
2-Way Use
Minimum
12 feet
20 feet
Maximum
35 feet
50 feet
*
Unless a different standard is required by PennDOT for an entrance to a state road.
B. 
Drainage. Adequate provisions shall be made to maintain uninterrupted parallel drainage along a public street at the point of driveway or access drive entry.
C. 
Separation Between Driveways. At least 50 feet shall be provided between the center lines of any two accessways or driveways along one street within one lot.
D. 
Separation from Intersection. If a driveway or accessway enters onto a collector or arterial street, then the center line of that driveway or accessway where it enters the collector or arterial street shall be a minimum of 75 feet from the center line of any other street, where that street enters the collector or arterial street at a different point than the driveway or accessway.
E. 
State Permit. Where there will be new or intensified access to a state street or other work within the right-of-way of a state street, a state highway occupancy permit shall be obtained, as applicable.
F. 
Sight Distance for Driveways. See § 27-803(3)(B).
5. 
Paving, Grading and Drainage.
A. 
Parking and loading facilities and including driveways shall be graded and adequately drained to prevent erosion or excessive water flow across streets or adjoining properties.
B. 
Paving. Except for landscaped areas, all portions of required parking, loading facilities and driveways shall be surfaced with asphalt, concrete or decorative paving block, except that portions or all of driveways or parking areas may be left in grass or gravel where the applicant proves to the full satisfaction of the Zoning Officer that:
(1) 
The parking or driveway is clearly intended for use for a maximum of one year or for a maximum of 14 days in a calendar year; or,
(2) 
Serves an agricultural use; or,
(3) 
Involves a residential driveway with a length of over 100 feet.
6. 
Lighting of Parking Areas. See § 27-511 "Light and Glare Control." Parking areas for six or more spaces and related pedestrian pathways intended to be used at night shall be adequately illuminated for security purposes.
7. 
Paved Area Landscaping.
A. 
Purpose. To ensure that parked or moving vehicles within a lot do not obstruct sight distance or interfere with pedestrian traffic, to aid in stormwater management along streets and to prevent vehicles from entering or exiting a lot other than at approved driveways.
B. 
See the requirements of § 22-514 through § 22-519 of the Borough Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance [Chapter 22].
C. 
The requirements of § 22-516 of the Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance [Chapter 22] regarding landscaping around any new or expanded parking area shall apply to any such use established or expanded after the adoption of this chapter, regardless of whether such parking area would otherwise be regulated by the Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance [Chapter 22].
D. 
Any tractor-trailer truck loading area or any parking lot of six or more spaces outside of a building shall be screened from any abutting residential lot line by a solid wood fence, decorative masonry wall or evergreen landscaping with a minimum height of four feet. Such screen shall be designed and located to reduce the visibility of the use from the residential lot line and prevent headlight glare into an existing or future home.
8. 
Handicapped Parking.
A. 
Number of Spaces. Any lot including four or more off-street parking spaces shall include a minimum of one handicapped space. The following number of handicapped spaces shall be provided, unless a revised regulation is officially established under the Federal Americans With Disabilities Act:
Total No. of Required Parking Spaces on the Lot
Required Minimum No./Percent of Handicapped Parking Spaces
4 to 25
1
26 to 50
2
51 to 75
3
76 to 100
4
101 to 150
5
151 to 200
6
201 to 300
7
301 to 400
8
401 to 500
9
501 to 1,000
2% of required number of spaces
1,001 or more
20 plus 1% of required number of spaces over 1,000
B. 
Location. Handicapped parking spaces shall be located where they would result in the shortest reasonable accessible distance to a handicapped accessible building entrance. Curb cuts shall be provided as needed to provide access from the handicapped spaces.
C. 
Minimum Size. Each required handicapped parking space shall be a minimum of eight feet by 18 feet. In addition, each space shall be adjacent to a five feet wide access aisle. Such access aisle may be shared by two handicapped spaces by being placed between them. However, one out of every eight required handicapped parking spaces shall have an adjacent access aisle of eight feet width instead of five feet.
D. 
Slope. Handicapped parking spaces shall be located in areas of less than 6% slope in any direction.
E. 
Marking. All required handicapped spaces shall be well-marked by clearly visible signs and/or pavement markings.
9. 
Parking of Recreation Vehicles in a Residential District. See § 27-403.
[Ord. 776, 6/21/1993, § 604]
See the applicable Borough Ordinance [Chapter 5, Part 3, § 5-303, Ordinance 560] concerning parking on private property. See the Vehicle Code, 75 Pa.C.S.A. § 101 et seq., and Borough Ordinance [Chapter 15], § 15-404, concerning parking on public streets.
[Ord. 776, 6/21/1993, § 604]
1. 
General Loading Requirements.
A. 
Each use receiving or shipping material or merchandise by trucks shall provide off-street loading facilities which meet the requirements of this section, sufficient to accommodate the maximum demand generated by the use.
B. 
At the time of site plan or land development review, the applicant shall provide evidence to the Planning Commission, who may advise the Zoning Officer on whether the use will have sufficient numbers and sizes of loading facilities. For the purposes of this section, the words "loading" and "unloading" are used interchangeably.
2. 
Design and Layout of Loading Facilities. Off-street loading facilities shall meet the following requirements:
A. 
Each off-street loading space shall be at least (in feet):
Largest Type of Truck Intended
Minimum Width
Minimum Depth
Tractor-trailer
12 (except 11 if more than 10 such spaces on a lot)
45 (with 14 feet clear height)
Trucks other than tractor-trailers, pickups or vans
10
25
Pick-up truck or van
9
18
B. 
Each space shall have sufficient maneuvering room to avoid conflicts with parking and traffic movements within and outside of the lot. No facility shall be designed or used in such a manner that it threatens a safety hazard, public nuisance or a serious impediment to traffic off the lot.
C. 
Each space and the needed maneuvering room shall be located entirely on the lot being served and be located outside of required buffer areas, paved area setbacks and street right-of-ways. An appropriate means of access to a street shall be provided.
D. 
Paving, Grading and Drainage. See § 27-603(5).
3. 
Fire Lanes. Fire lanes shall be provided where required by state or federal regulations or other local ordinances. The specific locations of these lanes are subject to review by Borough fire officials.
[Ord. 776, 6/21/1993; as added by Ord. 937, 11/5/2001, § 8]
1. 
General Provisions.
A. 
These provisions are specific to the B-C District. Any conflicting provision in any other part of this Part is superseded by these provisions.
B. 
A wall, when used in this section shall mean a structure constructed of brick, stone or other masonry and/or wrought iron.
2. 
Off-Street Parking. All off street parking, with the exception of deck parking, shall be placed to the rear of the building that it is intended to serve as indicated by the following graphic:
027ab Off Street Parking.tif
If this is not feasible because of physical limitations of the site, parking may be placed to the side of the building; provided, that the perimeter of the parking lot is surrounded by a buffer yard of screening, a fence or a wall. The buffer yard with screening, fence or wall shall be at least three feet, but not more than five feet, in height. Such buffer yard with screening, fence or wall shall be aligned with the building facade. An opening for pedestrian access shall be provided. In no case shall parking be placed between a building and the front yard.
3. 
Parking as a Principal Use. When a parking lot is developed as a principal use, it shall be surrounded by a buffer yard with screening, a fence, or a wall on every side of the lot that abuts a residential lot line or street right-of-way, subject to all limitations of a clear sight triangle as defined in this chapter.
4. 
Parking as an Accessory Use. Parking as an accessory use shall be required to be located to the rear of the building. A buffer yard with screening, a fence or wall shall be required when the parking lot abuts a street. Such buffer yard with screening, fence or wall shall be aligned with the building facade.
5. 
Traffic Flow. All parking lots with access from Main or Chestnut Streets must be one way, egressing to a side street or an alley. Appropriate signage indicating the flow of traffic must be provided and maintained by the property owner.
6. 
Sallie Ports. Access to drive-through facilities, or any parking lots located to the rear of buildings may be through sallie-ports as demonstrated by the graphic below.
027ac Sallie Port.tif
A proposed sallie port shall be approved by the Fire Chief to insure that emergency access is not impaired.
7. 
Deck Parking. Parking decks shall include retail use on their first floor along all street facades as demonstrated by the graphic below:
027ad Deck Parking.tif
First floor facades of parking decks shall be comprised of at least 75% glass display windows. Parking decks shall have visible pedestrian access.