[Ord. 1005, 7/14/1986; as amended by Ord. 1039, 3/13/1989; and by Ord. 1131, 5/12/1998]
Whenever the following words are used in this Part and in the Fire Prevention Code, or any part thereof, they shall have the respective meanings as follows:
- APPROVED RATING BUREAU
- A fire insurance rating and inspection bureau, department or organization including, American Insurance Association, Factory Insurance Association, Associated Factory Mutual Fire Insurance Companies, Insurance Service Office and any other such organization duly approved by resolution of the Borough Council of the Borough.
- APPROVED SPRINKLER SYSTEM
- An approved sprinkler system for fire protection purposes, is an integrated system of underground and overhead piping designed in accordance with fire protection engineering standards including water supply, systematic pattern of piping valves and actuating devices as prescribed by the National Fire Protection Association or any other recognized Engineering Association that is accepted by an approved Fire Insurance Rating Bureau, Department or Organization.
- A story, partly underground, the greater part of which is above grade. A basement shall be counted as a story unless otherwise specifically stated but shall exclude crawl space.
- BUILDING OFFICIAL
- Building Inspector of the Borough of Bristol, Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
- A story of which half or more is below grade.
- A change of use in a building from a use not requiring an approved sprinkler system to a use requiring the installation of an approved sprinkler system.
- FIRE RESISTIVE BUILDING
- A structure in which the walls are of approved masonry or reinforced concrete and the structural members of which have fire resistive ratings sufficient to withstand the hazard involved on the occupancy, but not less than three-hour rating for fire walls, party walls, isolated piers, columns, wall supporting girders, other wall and girders, beams, floors, and roofs and a two-hour rating for fire partitions in which all floor openings are protected by effective fire resistance enclosures with approved fire doors.
- HIGH HAZARD OCCUPANCY BUILDING
- A building or structure used for the storage, manufacture, processing, or sales of high combustible or explosive products or materials which are likely to burn with extreme rapidity or which may produce poisonous fumes or explosions; storage, manufacture, processing or sales of highly corrosive, toxic or noxious alkalines, acids or other liquids or chemicals involving flame, fume explosive, poisonous, irritant or corrosive gases, and the storage, processing, manufacture or sales of any materials involving explosive mixtures of dust or which results in the division of matter into fire particles subject to a dust explosion or spontaneous ignition.
- Borough of Bristol, Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
- SUBSTANTIALLY ALTERED
- Any substantial structural alteration in or addition to the supporting or structural members of a building or structure, such as bearing walls, bearing columns, bearing beams, or bearing graders, provided that a substantial alteration shall not include, inter alia, repairs to roof, walls, or interior or exterior painting or redecoration, elimination relocating or construction of new partitions within an existing building, air conditioning, repairs or replacement of heating systems, modernization of kitchens or bathrooms, including relocation or replacement of utility lines, gas, sewer, water and electricity, and installation or replacement of kitchen or bathroom equipment.
[Ord. 1005, 7/14/1986]
Approved automatic sprinkler equipment shall be installed and maintained throughout buildings of the type set forth below whether the building is in existence at present or hereafter erected or converted to said use.
High hazard occupancy structure.
Nursing and convalescent homes.
Residential custodial care facilities, as defined in the Life Safety Code.
Children's nurseries and day care centers, including day nurseries.
Supervised care facilities and ambulatory health care facilities, as defined in the Life Safety Code.
Bowling alleys and associated occupancies within the same structure.
Shopping malls, including merchandising marts.
Paint spray rooms or paint spray booths.
Indoor places of amusement, sports arenas, and theaters.
Rubber tire sales and storage in structure capable of storing more than 2,500 tire units, or in excess of 2,500 square feet.
[Ord. 1005, 7/14/1986]
Approved automatic sprinkler equipment will be required throughout certain buildings hereinafter erected, converted or substantially altered, or used for the following purposes:
Lumber supplies and builders' supplies.
Non-fire-resistive structures having an undivided floor area of 5,000 square feet, or more, per floor, used in whole or in part for the manufacture, process, storage or sale of combustible goods, wares or merchandise, including, inter alia, stores, restaurants, laundries, and dry cleaning plants and supermarkets.
Non-fire-resistive structures having an undivided floor area of 5,000 square feet, or more per floor when used for the housing, parking or storage of motorized vehicles.
Fire-resistive structures have an individual floor area of 10,000 square feet, or more per floor, when used in whole or in part for the manufacture, process, storage, or sale of combustible goods, wares, or merchandise, including, inter alia, stores, restaurants, supermarkets, laundries and dry cleaning plants.
Fire-resistive structures having an undivided floor area of 10,000 square feet or more per floor when used for the housing, parking or storage of motorized vehicles not including open deck parking garages unless the same are two stories or more in height or one floor or more below grade level.
Hotels and motels in excess of three stories or two-story hotels and motels with 20 or more rooms.
Apartment houses or apartment hotels in excess of three stories.
Wood working shops, including, inter alia, furniture manufacturing, rebuilding, refinishing, repairs and upholstering in excess of 2,500 square feet of floor area.
All restaurants or cafeterias above or below the first floor.
[Ord. 1005, 7/14/1986]
Approved automatic sprinkler equipment shall be installed and maintained in cellars, sub-cellars, basements, sub-basements, trash rooms, storage rooms, locker rooms, kitchens in excess of 2,500 square feet, stairwells, chutes of structures of the occupancies set forth below hereafter erected or substantially altered:
Hotels and motels three stores or higher.
Apartment houses or apartment hotels, three stories or higher.
Public assembly structures not previously mentioned.
Churches, chapels and synagogues.
Educational institutions having, inter alia, schools, colleges, dormitories, libraries, gymnasiums and school recreation structures.
All stairwells and corridors of educational institutions, dormitories and other structures used for educational purposes.
All combustible stairwells at every floor level in all commercial, public assembly, institutional, educational, hotel, motel, apartment, or other public structures.
All cellars and basements with an undivided floor area of 10,000 square feet or more, and used for the manufacture, process, storage or sale of combustible goods, wares, merchandise, housing, parking and storage of motorized vehicles, storage rooms, trash rooms, work and maintenance shops, and locker rooms. All locker rooms must be enclosed with approved materials having at least a two-hour fire resistant rating.
[Ord. 1005, 7/14/1986]
The installation of an approved sprinkler system shall be prohibited in the following occupancies:
Rooms or structures used for the manufacturing, process, storage or sale of aluminum powder, calcium carbide, calcium phosphate, metallic sodium, potassium, quicklime, magnesium powder, sodium peroxide or like materials of which the application of water may cause or increase the fire hazard.
Any other location where the installation of sprinkler equipment may increase the occupational hazard as determined by the fire official.
Safe deposit or other vaults unless, in the opinion of an approved rating bureau and the fire official, the contents of the vault are to be protected by an approved sprinkler or fire protection system.
Nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent the installation of other types of automatic fire protection equipment other than those specified herein when such equipment is approved.
[Ord. 1005, 7/14/1986; as amended by Ord. 1131, 5/12/1998]
Prior to the installation, revision, addition or alteration of any approved sprinkler or other fire protection equipment in any structure, detailed plans thereof shall be first submitted to and approved in writing by the representative appointed by resolution of Borough Council for plan review and inspections.
[Ord. 1005, 7/14/1986; as amended by Ord. 1029, 5/9/1988; and by Ord. 1295, 9/9/2013]
Any person, firm or corporation who shall violate any provision of this Part, upon conviction thereof in an action brought before a magisterial district judge in the manner provided for the enforcement of summary offenses under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not more than $1,000 plus costs and, in default of payment of said fine and costs, to a term of imprisonment not to exceed 90 days. Each day that a violation of this Part continues or each section of this Part which shall be found to have been violated shall constitute a separate offense.