Village of Oakfield, NY
Genesee County
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A. 
Words used in the present tense include the future, words in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter, the singular number includes the plural, and the plural the singular.
B. 
Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this chapter shall be as follows:
ACT or THE ACT
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act[1] and amendments to it.
ASTM
The American Society for Testing and Materials.
BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD)
The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20° C., expressed in milligrams per liter.
BUILDING DRAIN
That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five feet (1.5 meters) outside the inner face of the building wall.
BUILDING SEWERS
The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal, also called "house connection."
CHLORINE DEMAND
The difference between the amount of chlorine added to water, wastewater or industrial wastes and the amount of residual chlorine remaining at the end of a fifteen-minute contact period.
COMBINED SEWER
A sewer intended to receive both wastewater and stormwater or surface water.
COMPOSITE SAMPLE
A sample consisting of several effluent portions collected during a specific time period and combined to make a representative sample.
CONNECTION
The physical tie-in of the building sewer or sewer extension to the public sanitary sewer.
COOLING WATER
The water discharged from any use, such as air conditioning, cooling or refrigeration, during which the only pollutant added to the water is heat.
DEC
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS
Any authorized representative of the Village of Oakfield Department of Public Works and/or the Village Engineer acting on their behalf. It shall be designated as "Department" throughout the remainder of this chapter.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
DOMESTIC WASTES
The wastewater from noncommercial preparation, cooking and handling of food or containing human excrement and similar matter from the sanitary conveniences of dwellings, commercial dwellings, commercial buildings, industrial facilities, and institutions.
EASEMENT
An acquired legal right for the specific use of land owned by others.
EPA
The United States Environmental Protection Agency.
FLOATABLE OIL
Oil, fat, or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in an approved pretreatment facility. A wastewater shall be considered free of floatable fat if it is properly pretreated and the wastewater does not interfere with the collection system.
FLOW RATE
The quantity of waste or liquid that flows in a certain period of time.
FLOW VOLUME
The quantity of wastes or liquid.
GARBAGE
The animal and vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking, and serving of foods.
INCOMPATIBLE POLLUTANT
Any pollutant which is not a compatible pollutant.
INDUSTRIAL USER
Any industrial or commercial establishment with a classification as designated in the "Standard Industrial Classification Manual," 1972 Edition, as published by the Executive Office of the President, and who utilizes the wastewater treatment system.
INDUSTRIAL WASTES
The wastewater from industrial processes, trade, or business, as distinct from domestic or sanitary wastes.
MASS EMISSION RATE
The weight of material discharged to the wastewater treatment system during a given time interval. Unless otherwise specified, the "mass emission rate" shall mean pounds per day of a particular constituent or combination of constituents.
MAY
Is permissive; "shall" is mandatory.
NATURAL OUTLET
Any outlet, including storm sewers and combined sewer overflows, into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface water or groundwater.
PERSON
Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation, or group.
pH
The logarithm of the reciprocal of the hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
POLLUTANT
Any waste, impurity, or other additive, such as heat or radioactivity, that changes the quality and character of water delivered to the user so that the discharged wastewater violates standards as set forth in this chapter.
PRETREATMENT
The application of physical, chemical and biological processes to reduce the amount of pollutants in or alter the nature of the pollutant properties in a wastewater prior to discharging such wastewater into the publicly owned wastewater treatment system.
PRETREATMENT STANDARDS
All applicable federal rules and regulations implementing Section 307 of the Act,[2] including any amendments hereto, as well as any nonconflicting state or local standards. In cases of conflicting standards or regulations, the more stringent thereof shall be applied. The Superintendent recognizes that in some cases these pretreatment standards may not be sufficient to protect the operation of the wastewater treatment system, or make it unable to comply with the terms of the SPDES permit. In such cases, the Department reserves the right to impose more stringent pretreatment standards than those specified in the EPA regulations.
PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
The wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers with no particle greater than 1/2 inch (1.27 centimeters) in any direction.
PUBLIC SEWER
A common sewer directly controlled by a public authority.
SPDES
The State Pollution Discharge Elimination System.
SANITARY SEWER
A sewer that carries liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions, but excludes stormwater, surface water and groundwater.
SEWAGE or WASTEWATER
A combination of water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such groundwater, surface water and stormwater as may be inadvertently present.
SEWER
A pipe or conduit that carries wastewater or drainage water.
SIGNIFICANT INDUSTRIAL USER
Any user of the publicly owned wastewater treatment system that:
(1) 
Has a flow of 50,000 gallons per day or more per average workday; or
(2) 
Has a flow greater than 5% of the flow carried by the wastewater treatment system receiving the waste; or
(3) 
Has in its waste a toxic pollutant in toxic amounts as defined in standards issued under Section 307(a) of the Act;[3] or
(4) 
Is found by the Department, in connection with the issuance of a State Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit at the publicly owned treatment works receiving waste, to have a significant impact, either singly or in combination with other contributing industries, on the wastewater treatment system or upon the quality of effluent from the treatment works; or
(5) 
Has in its wastewater any of the prohibited substances or characteristics in § 208-14; or
(6) 
Has in its wastewater any concentration or characteristics in excess of those stipulated in §§ 208-15 through 208-17.
SLUG
Any discharge of water, wastewater, or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average twenty-four-hour concentration or flows during normal operation and shall adversely affect the collection system and/or performance of wastewater treatment system.
STORM DRAIN or STORM SEWER
A drain or sewer for conveying water, groundwater, subsurface water, or unpolluted water from any source.
STORMWATER
Any flow originating from or resulting from any form of natural precipitation. This flow can occur during, immediately following or substantially after (such as snow melt) the precipitation event.
SUPERINTENDENT
The Superintendent of wastewater facilities and/or of wastewater treatment works, and/or of water pollution control of the Village of Oakfield, or his authorized deputy, agent or representative.
SUSPENDED SOLIDS
Total suspended matter that either floats on the surface of, or is in suspension in, water, wastewater, or other liquids and that is removable by laboratory filtering.
TOXIC SUBSTANCES
Any substance, whether gaseous, liquid or solid, which constitutes a hazard to human beings or animal or plant life or inhibits aquatic life or creates a hazard to recreation in the receiving waters of the effluent from a wastewater treatment plant.
UNPOLLUTED WATER
Water not containing any pollutants limited or prohibited by this chapter and/or the effluent standards in effect, or water whose discharge will not cause any violation of receiving water quality standards.
USER
Any person that discharges, causes, or permits the discharge of wastewater into the wastewater treatment system.
VILLAGE
The Village of Oakfield.
WEF
The Water Environment Federation.
WASTE
Includes wastewater and any and all other impurities or waste substances: liquid, solid, gaseous or radioactive, associated with human habitation, or of human or animal origin, or from any producing, manufacture or processing operation of whatever nature, including such waste placed within containers of whatever nature prior to, and for purposes of, disposal.
WASTEWATER
Sometimes referred to as "sewage," the liquid and water-carried industrial or domestic wastes from dwellings, commercial buildings, industrial facilities, and institutions, together with any groundwater, surface water, and stormwater that may be present, whether treated or untreated, which is discharged into or permitted to enter the Village wastewater treatment system.
WASTEWATER CONSTITUENTS AND CHARACTERISTICS
The individual chemical, physical, bacteriological and radiological parameters, including volume and flow rate and such other parameters that serve to define, classify or measure the contents, quality, quantity, and strength of wastewater.
WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM
Any devices, facilities, structures, equipment or works owned by the Village of Oakfield for the purpose of the transmission, storage, treatment, recycling, and reclamation of industrial and domestic wastes, or necessary to recycle or reuse water at the most economical cost over the estimated life of the system, including intercepting sewers, outfall sewers, wastewater collection systems, pumping, power, and other equipment, and their appurtenances; extensions, improvements, remodeling, additions, and alterations thereof; elements essential to provide a reliable recycled supply such as standby treatment units and clear well facilities; and any works, including site acquisition of the land that will be an integral part of the treatment process or is used for ultimate disposal of residues resulting from such treatment.
WASTEWATER TREATMENT WORKS
An arrangement of devices and structures for treating wastewater, industrial wastes, and sludge. Sometimes used as synonymous with "waste treatment plant" or "wastewater treatment plant" or "water pollution control plant" or "wastewater facility."
WATERCOURSE
A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq.
[2]
Editor's Note: See 33 U.S.C. § 1317.
[3]
Editor's Note: See 33 U.S.C. § 1317(a).
C. 
Terms not otherwise defined herein shall be as adopted in the latest edition of Glossary - Water and Wastewater Control Engineering, published by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association and the Water Environment Federation.